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Palladium Complexes Bearing Κ²-N,N And Κ³-N,N,O Pendant Amine Bis(Phenolate) Ligands, Brendan J. Graziano, Eric M. Collins, Nathaniel C. McCutcheon, Claire L. Griffith, Nicole M. Braunscheidel, Trilisa M. Perrine, Bradley M. Wile 2019 Ohio Northern University

Palladium Complexes Bearing Κ²-N,N And Κ³-N,N,O Pendant Amine Bis(Phenolate) Ligands, Brendan J. Graziano, Eric M. Collins, Nathaniel C. Mccutcheon, Claire L. Griffith, Nicole M. Braunscheidel, Trilisa M. Perrine, Bradley M. Wile

Chemistry Faculty Scholarship

The synthesis and characterization of ten new palladium(II) amine bis(phenolate) complexes is reported. Solution and single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies reveal the presence of both κ2-N,N and κ3-N,N,O binding modes in these square planar complexes. For complexes with sterically less demanding phenolate donors, addition of external acidic or basic reagents allows for the selective masking of a coordination site at Pd. Complexes bearing bulky cumyl substituents on phenolate donors exhibited unusual 1H NMR spectroscopic features that are consistent with an anagostic interaction with the palladium center. Computational analysis at the ωB97X-D ...


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2018 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Copper Grafted Titanium Dioxide In Hydrogels For Photocatalysts, Salem Amsaaed 2018 Atlanta University Center

Copper Grafted Titanium Dioxide In Hydrogels For Photocatalysts, Salem Amsaaed

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

This study are based on the premise that the incorporation of metal ions into nano titania-PHEMA [poly (2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate)] hydrogels would enhance the desirable properties in the photodecomposition of pollutants. The investigation are centered in the use of Cu(II) as metal ion of interest. The development of TiO2-PHEMA-Cu hydrogels was conducted, and the characterization of the materials by FT-IR, XRD and fluorescence was performed. The absorption of copper(II) from the solution was monitored by UV-Vis. The FT-IR are found too, be the most effective tool too, analyze the interaction of Cu(II) with PHEMA in the ...


Novel Dna Origami Based Lateral Flow Assay Development, Adrienne Walker 2018 Marshall University

Novel Dna Origami Based Lateral Flow Assay Development, Adrienne Walker

Adrienne Walker

Lateral flow assays (LFA) are used for point-of-care qualitative diagnostics of an analyte of interest, often in non-laboratory environments. Traditionally, the format of a lateral flow assay utilizes immobilized antibodies on a membrane as the capture probe in conjunction with a reporting immunological recognition system for an analyte captured between them in a sandwich format. However, there are several shortcomings of antibodies which recommend their replacement with other recognition elements if possible. Among the reasons for seeking alternatives are the long time required to raise and identify a selective and strongly binding antibody, the cost of antibodies, their poor shelf ...


Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane-Phosphate Glass Matrix Nanocomposites With Additional Chapter On Phosphate Glass-Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) Matrix Composites, Kyoungtae Kim 2018 The University of Southern Mississippi

Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane-Phosphate Glass Matrix Nanocomposites With Additional Chapter On Phosphate Glass-Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) Matrix Composites, Kyoungtae Kim

Dissertations

Preparation and characterization of tin fluorophosphate glass (Pglass) matrix nanocomposites incorporating polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) were investigated on the structural, thermal, morphological, mechanical, and rheological properties. Various processes including synthesis, extrusion and sintering processes were applied to prepare the nanocomposite samples. Another application of POSS with hydrophobic functional groups on the well-structured nanoscale silicate cage with three silanol groups was investigated to present the feasibility to use POSS molecule as a coating material on the surface of the hydrophilic inorganic glass. In addition, Poly(ethylene terephthalate) polymer matrix composites incorporating Pglass was studied to present the benefits of the Pglass ...


Are The Oxygen Isotope Values Of The Late Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway Different From The Open Ocean?, Camille H. Dwyer, Corinne Myers, Viorel Atudorei 2018 University of New Mexico

Are The Oxygen Isotope Values Of The Late Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway Different From The Open Ocean?, Camille H. Dwyer, Corinne Myers, Viorel Atudorei

Shared Knowledge Conference

The Western Interior Seaway (WIS) was a North American epicontinental sea that was connected to the open ocean through the passage of the northern Boreal Sea and the southern Tethys Sea from the early Albian (~113 million years ago) to the early Paleogene (~65 million years ago). The WIS began to recced and lost its connection to the southern Tethys Sea in the late Campanian (~72 million years ago). In the early Paleogene, the WIS dried up completely. The oxygen isotopic composition (δ18O) of benthic bivalves was measured from the upper Campanian and lower Maastrichtian (75 million years ago to ...


Mapping Of The Chromium And Iron Pyrazolate Landscape, Jessica Maria Lopez 2018 Florida International University

Mapping Of The Chromium And Iron Pyrazolate Landscape, Jessica Maria Lopez

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The main objective of this project is to synthesize the first family of polynuclear chromium pyrazolate complexes. Complexity in analysis of the experimental magnetic data of multinuclear complexes arises from their (2S +1)N microstates, where S is the spin of each metal center and N is the number of metal centers. For example, high-spin (HS)-FeIII3 has 216 microstates and HS-FeIII8 ≈ 1.7x106 microstates (S= 5/2). However, complexes with chromium(III) S = 3/2 will have a noticeable reduction of microstates. Mononuclear complexes with formula [mer-CrCl3(pzH*)3] (pz*H = pyrazole ...


Synthesis Of A Platinum Triamine Complex And Its Interactions With Guanosine 5’- Monophosphate And N-Acetylmethionine, Manal El Masri 2018 Western Kentucky University

Synthesis Of A Platinum Triamine Complex And Its Interactions With Guanosine 5’- Monophosphate And N-Acetylmethionine, Manal El Masri

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Cisplatin (cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II)) and its analogs are known to form 1,2-intrastrand cross-links with guanine bases that lead to DNA distortion and are responsible for cytotoxicity. Reaction with proteins, especially at methionine residues, could also be responsible for cytotoxicity (Sandlin, R. D. et al. 2010). A new tridentate platinum(II) complex with a piperazine ring was successfully designed and synthesized. In this complex, the platinum is coordinating to all three nitrogens of (1,2- dimethylaminoethylpiperazine), which makes it a Platinum triamine compound. A series of chemical reactions of this compound with guanosine 5’-monophosphate (5’-GMP) and N-acetylmethionine (N-AcMet) were ...


Fundamental Chemistry Related To The Separations And Coordination Of Actinium-225, Thorium-227, And Technetium-99, Jasmine L. Hatcher 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Fundamental Chemistry Related To The Separations And Coordination Of Actinium-225, Thorium-227, And Technetium-99, Jasmine L. Hatcher

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This work explores the fundamental chemistry of actinium, thorium, and technetium in an effort to develop methodologies which help to address complications specific to each of these elements. Developing fundamental knowledge in inorganic chemistry has the power to meaningfully address a number of real world problems. By using simple systems and experiments like following an electron or changing the solvent system, we are able to gain invaluable information which can be used to address major issues.

Actinium-225 (t½: 9.92 d) is an alpha-emitting radionuclide with nuclear properties well suited for alpha therapy of malignant tumors. The present global ...


Exploring The Chemistry Of Asymmetric Phosphines & Phosphinidene Sulfides, Taylor E. Pritchard 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Exploring The Chemistry Of Asymmetric Phosphines & Phosphinidene Sulfides, Taylor E. Pritchard

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The field of low-coordinate main group chemistry has seen huge development in the last 30 years, with novel compounds that demonstrate unique structures and reactivity. Isolation of these species has relied on thoughtfully designed substituents normally containing substructure steric bulk. The area of phosphinidene chalcogenide isolation and transfer remains poorly understood by comparison. In this context, the major focus of thesis was on the development of a room-temperature method for the transfer of RP=S moieties with and without sterically demanding substituents. The preparation and complete characterization of new asymmetric phosphines with m-terphenyl ligands was also reported. In Chapter ...


The Importance Of Solvent Effects On The Mechanism Of The Pfeiffer Effect, Jamie Lunkley, Ngoc Nguyen, Kristina Tuminaro, Dana Margittai, Gilles Muller 2018 San Jose State University

The Importance Of Solvent Effects On The Mechanism Of The Pfeiffer Effect, Jamie Lunkley, Ngoc Nguyen, Kristina Tuminaro, Dana Margittai, Gilles Muller

Faculty Publications, Chemistry

The Pfeiffer effect is observed when an optically active compound such as an amino acid is introduced to a solution containing a labile racemic metal complex, and an equilibrium shift is obtained. The “perturbation” results in an excess of one enantiomer over the other. The shift is a result of a preferential outer sphere interaction between the introduced chiral species and one enantiomeric form (Λ or ∆) of a labile metal complex. Speculations regarding the mechanism of the Pfeiffer effect have attributed observations to a singular factor such as pH, solvent polarity, or numerous other intermolecular interactions. Through the use of ...


The Importance Of Solvent Effects On The Mechanism Of The Pfeiffer Effect, Jamie L. Lunkley, Ngoc M. Nguyen, Kristina M. Tuminaro, Dana Margittai, Gilles Muller 2018 San Jose State University

The Importance Of Solvent Effects On The Mechanism Of The Pfeiffer Effect, Jamie L. Lunkley, Ngoc M. Nguyen, Kristina M. Tuminaro, Dana Margittai, Gilles Muller

Gilles Muller

The Pfeiffer effect is observed when an optically active compound such as an amino acid is introduced to a solution containing a labile racemic metal complex, and an equilibrium shift is obtained. The “perturbation” results in an excess of one enantiomer over the other. The shift is a result of a preferential outer sphere interaction between the introduced chiral species and one enantiomeric form (Λ or ∆) of a labile metal complex. Speculations regarding the mechanism of the Pfeiffer effect have attributed observations to a singular factor such as pH, solvent polarity, or numerous other intermolecular interactions. Through the use of ...


Stylolites Cathodoluminescence Under Cross Polarized Light, Katherine Dvorak 2018 Western Michigan University

Stylolites Cathodoluminescence Under Cross Polarized Light, Katherine Dvorak

The Hilltop Review

Devil's Gate limestone under cathodoluminescence. Bright yellow and orange areas are calcite and the bright blue indicates trace minerals along the solution seam. Trace minerals left in the seam are heavy metals and other silicate minerals.


An Nmr Study Of Co2 Dynamics And Structural Characterization Of Porous Materials, Robert M. Marti 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

An Nmr Study Of Co2 Dynamics And Structural Characterization Of Porous Materials, Robert M. Marti

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) has proven to be a versatile and powerful analytical tool to study many areas of interest to the scientific community, such as molecular dynamics and structural characterization. In this dissertation, NMR was used as a probe for CO2 dynamics in metal-organic frameworks. Variable temperature (VT) NMR was used to determine molecular dynamics of CO2, going as low as 8 K. In the fast motion regime, where the CO2 hopping rate is fast compared to the NMR experiment time, 13CO2 inside of Mg-MOF-74 still exhibits a chemical shift anisotropy (CSA) powder pattern. However, there is a certain ...


Oxygen Trapped By Rare Earth Tetrahedral Clusters In Nd4feos6: Crystal Structure, Electronic Structure, And Magnetic Properties, Qisheng Lin, Valentin Taufour, Yuemei Zhang, Max Wood, Thomas Drtina, Sergey L. Bud’ko, Paul C. Canfield, Gordon J. Miller 2018 Ames Laboratory

Oxygen Trapped By Rare Earth Tetrahedral Clusters In Nd4feos6: Crystal Structure, Electronic Structure, And Magnetic Properties, Qisheng Lin, Valentin Taufour, Yuemei Zhang, Max Wood, Thomas Drtina, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield, Gordon J. Miller

Qisheng Lin

Single crystals of Nd4FeOS6 were grown from an Fe–S eutectic solution. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis revealed a Nd4MnOSe6-type structure (P63mc, a=9.2693(1) Å, c=6.6650(1)Å, V=495.94(1) Å3, Z=2), featuring parallel chains of face-sharing [FeS6×1/2]4− trigonal antiprisms and interlinked [Nd4OS3]4+ cubane-like clusters. Oxygen atoms were found to be trapped by Nd4 clusters in the [Nd4OS3]4+ chains. Structural differences among Nd4MnOSe6-type Nd4FeOS6and the related La3CuSiS7− and Pr8CoGa3-type structures have been described. Magnetic susceptibility measurements on Nd4FeOS6 suggested the dominance of antiferromagnetic interactions at low ...


Design, Synthesis, And Oxidation Reactivity Of Palladacyclic Complexes Containing N-Donor Ligands, Ava Behnia 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Design, Synthesis, And Oxidation Reactivity Of Palladacyclic Complexes Containing N-Donor Ligands, Ava Behnia

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis describes the synthesis and reactivity of complexes containing the cycloneophyl-Pd(II) group, PdCH2CMe2C6H4, in combination with N-donor ligands. These compounds contain both alkyl- and arylpalladium bonds and the selectivity of bond cleavage in reactions with oxidants and protic reagents is studied, often involving oxidative addition and reductive elimination reaction sequences.

The diimine ligand in [Pd(CH2CMe2C6H4)(MesN=CH-CH=NMes)] does not support formation of stable palladium(IV) complexes, but reactions with Br2 or I2 lead to reductive elimination by C-C bond ...


Examining The Effects Of Amino And Thiolate Ligands On The Reactivity And Selectivity Of Palladium On Carbon In Hydrogenation Reactions, Eric Liu, Christina Li 2018 Purdue University

Examining The Effects Of Amino And Thiolate Ligands On The Reactivity And Selectivity Of Palladium On Carbon In Hydrogenation Reactions, Eric Liu, Christina Li

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Heterogeneous catalysts are used widely by chemical and energy industries because they show high reactivity but often suffer from lack of selectivity. On the other hand, ligands are commonly used in homogeneous catalysts to control the reactivity and selectivity; however, the effects of the ligands on the steric and electronic properties of heterogeneous catalysts are less understood. We examine the effects of four different ligands: 1-adamantanethiol, 1-adamantylamine, 1-dodecanethiol, and 1-dodecylamine, for the commercial hydrogenation catalyst palladium on carbon. Hydrogenation reactions are used as a screening tool to see the behavior that the different catalysts exhibit in the presence of unsaturated ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Zinc(Ii) Dipyrrin Photosensitizers, Norah Alqahtani 2018 East Tennessee State University

Synthesis And Characterization Of Zinc(Ii) Dipyrrin Photosensitizers, Norah Alqahtani

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Photocatalytic carbon dioxide reduction transforms CO2 to useful chemicals and fuels, reducing CO2 emissions and making fossil fuels more renewable. Due to a lack of earthabundant sensitizers, we want to design new earth-abundant sensitizers to go with the many known carbon dioxide reduction catalysts. Zn(II) dipyrrin complexes strongly absorb visible light, but their excited state properties have not been widely studied. To investigate their photophysical properties, two Zn dipyrrin complexes, with and without heavy atoms, were synthesized and characterized by NMR and mass spectrometry. The photophysical properties of the two complexes were measured in polar and non-polar solvents, particularly ...


Coinage Metal Chalcogenide Clusters With N-Heterocyclic Carbene Ancillary Ligands, Alex Polgar 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Coinage Metal Chalcogenide Clusters With N-Heterocyclic Carbene Ancillary Ligands, Alex Polgar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis describes the synthesis and characterization of homo- and heterometallic group 11 – group 16 clusters with N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands. The clusters were prepared from reactive group 11 trimethylsilylchalcogenolate reagents (NHC-M-ESiMe3; M = Cu, Au; E = S, Se, Te) by silane deprotection reactions with phosphine- or phosphite-solubilized group 11 acetates (R3P-M-OAc; M = Cu, Ag, Au). Clusters were characterized by combustion analysis and spectroscopic methods in solution and the solid state. The clusters were phosphorescent at low temperatures with emission energies that depend on the metal/chalcogen composition, ancillary NHC ligand, cluster geometry and nuclearity, and local environment. Lower energy photoluminescence ...


Covalency Is Frustrating: La2sn2o7 And The Nature Of Bonding In Pyrochlores Under High Pressure–Temperature Conditions, Christian Childs, Keith V. Lawler, Andrew L. Hector, Sylvain Petitgirard, Ori Noked, Jesse S. Smith, Dominik Daisenberger, Lucile Bezacier, Marek Jura, Chris J. Pickard, Ashkan Salamat 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Covalency Is Frustrating: La2sn2o7 And The Nature Of Bonding In Pyrochlores Under High Pressure–Temperature Conditions, Christian Childs, Keith V. Lawler, Andrew L. Hector, Sylvain Petitgirard, Ori Noked, Jesse S. Smith, Dominik Daisenberger, Lucile Bezacier, Marek Jura, Chris J. Pickard, Ashkan Salamat

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Natural specimens of the pyrochlore (A2B2O7) compounds have been found to retain foreign actinide impurities within their parent framework, undergoing metamictization to a fully amorphous state. The response to radionuclide decay identifies pyrochlore systems with having high radiation tolerance and tailored use in radioactive waste applications and radionuclide sequestration. High pressure is a powerful pathway to high density states and amorphization with parallels to radiation-induced processes. Here, La2Sn2O7 is evaluated under extreme conditions via the combination of laser heating in a diamond anvil cell with X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. The measurements are supported by ab initio random structure searching ...


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