Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Chemistry Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

22,377 Full-Text Articles 32,767 Authors 3,813,508 Downloads 255 Institutions

All Articles in Chemistry

Faceted Search

22,377 full-text articles. Page 2 of 578.

Are The Oxygen Isotope Values Of The Late Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway Different From The Open Ocean?, Camille H. Dwyer, Corinne Myers, Viorel Atudorei 2018 University of New Mexico

Are The Oxygen Isotope Values Of The Late Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway Different From The Open Ocean?, Camille H. Dwyer, Corinne Myers, Viorel Atudorei

Shared Knowledge Conference

The Western Interior Seaway (WIS) was a North American epicontinental sea that was connected to the open ocean through the passage of the northern Boreal Sea and the southern Tethys Sea from the early Albian (~113 million years ago) to the early Paleogene (~65 million years ago). The WIS began to recced and lost its connection to the southern Tethys Sea in the late Campanian (~72 million years ago). In the early Paleogene, the WIS dried up completely. The oxygen isotopic composition (δ18O) of benthic bivalves was measured from the upper Campanian and lower Maastrichtian (75 million years ago to ...


Catalytic Deoxygenation Of Model And Realistic Feeds To Fuel-Like Hydrocarbons Over Supported Nickel-Copper Catalysts, Deyshon Ward, Kazi Javed 2018 Kentucky State University

Catalytic Deoxygenation Of Model And Realistic Feeds To Fuel-Like Hydrocarbons Over Supported Nickel-Copper Catalysts, Deyshon Ward, Kazi Javed

Posters-at-the-Capitol

The goal was to make a renewable fuel by using catalysts to remove oxygen molecules from fats. This is a current issue that society faces today because nonrenewable fossil fuels hurt the environment more than they help it. There are two components that make up a heterogeneous catalyst, a support and a reduced metal active phase. The active metal phases Nickel, Palladium, Platinum have been studied in the past on an alumina and carbon supports. We were investigating other supports using Nickel as the active phase component to determine the effect the support has on the catalyst removing oxygen of ...


An In Vitro Study On Skin Protection Across The Uv Spectra, Cheyenne Boone 2018 Murray State University

An In Vitro Study On Skin Protection Across The Uv Spectra, Cheyenne Boone

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Skin cancer is the number one cancer in the United States. Lack of awareness of how harmful UV radiation is could be the cause of the over two million cases reported since 2012. It appears that there is not a lot information on the active ingredients used in sunscreens. Some of the compounds have been linked to birth defects, hormone disruptions, and the bleaching of coral reefs. Samples of commonly used sunscreens (both sprays and creams), cosmetic foundation, essential oils, lotions, and three pure organic actives were tested at specific concentrations and ran through a UV spectrometer. The results have ...


34 - Using Atomic Force Microscopy To Image Metal Sulfide Nanoparticles, Martin Driggers, Tatiana Mendoza, George Chumanov 2018 Clemson University

34 - Using Atomic Force Microscopy To Image Metal Sulfide Nanoparticles, Martin Driggers, Tatiana Mendoza, George Chumanov

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Using Atomic Force Microscopy to Image Metal Sulfide Nanoparticles

Martin Driggers, Tatiana Estrada-Mendoza, and Professor George Chumanov

Department of Chemistry, Clemson University

This research project is focused on the use of Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) to image metal sulfide nanoparticles. The nanoparticles were synthesized in a solution by reacting metal salts with sodium sulfide in the presence of a silica matrix and have the potential for many applications including electronics, photovoltaics, and biomedical diagnostic. With the right concentrations of sulfur, silica, and metal ions, non-aggregated metal sulfide nanoparticles can be synthesized in an aqueous solution, stabilized by silica. The size ...


The Electrochemical Study Of Simulated Spent Nuclear Fuel (Simfuel) Corrosion Under Permanent Disposal Conditions, Ziyan Zhu 2018 The University of Western Ontario

The Electrochemical Study Of Simulated Spent Nuclear Fuel (Simfuel) Corrosion Under Permanent Disposal Conditions, Ziyan Zhu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The safety assessment of spent nuclear fuel under permanent disposal conditions requires examination of the corrosion of the spent fuel waste form (UO2) inside a failed waste container. The objective of this research project was to develop a detailed mechanism of the UO2 corrosion process when exposed to groundwater. The redox conditions within a failed container in a deep geologic repository will be complex. The oxidant, H2O2, produced by the α-radiolysis of groundwater, will be the main driving force for fuel corrosion. However, the efficiency of fuel dissolution will be determined by the competition between ...


‘Cassette’-Ises (In Situ Enzymatic Screening) Identifies Complementary Chiral Scaffolds For Hydrolytic Kinetic Resolution Across A Range Of Epoxides, Sangeeta Dey, Douglas R. Powell, Chunhua Hu, David B. Berkowitz 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

‘Cassette’-Ises (In Situ Enzymatic Screening) Identifies Complementary Chiral Scaffolds For Hydrolytic Kinetic Resolution Across A Range Of Epoxides, Sangeeta Dey, Douglas R. Powell, Chunhua Hu, David B. Berkowitz

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

‘Cassette’-ISES (In Situ Enzymatic Screening) Identifies Complementary Chiral Scaffolds for Hydrolytic Kinetic Resolution Across a Range of Epoxides

A new ‘Cassette’-In Situ Enzymatic Screen (ISES) for combinatorial catalysis is introduced. This allows the experimentalist to obtain an information-rich readout, in real time, providing an estimate of the sense and magnitude of enantioselectivity across more than one substrate. In its first iteration, the screen identified CoIII-salen catalysts with β-pinene- and α-naphthylalanine-derived chiral scaffolds with broad, yet complementary, substrate specificities.


Development Of Betulinic Acid Triazole Conjugates As Potential Anti-Cancer Agents, Gayathri Jampana 2018 Rowan University

Development Of Betulinic Acid Triazole Conjugates As Potential Anti-Cancer Agents, Gayathri Jampana

Theses and Dissertations

Betulin and betulinic acid are pentacyclic triterpenoid natural product isolated from the bark of birch trees. While betulin is abundantly available in the bark, betulinic acid is present in scarce quantities in nature. However, betulinic acid can be conveniently synthesized from betulin via simple redox manipulations. Betulinic acid shows selective cytotoxicity profile against cancer cells in vitro while being relatively safe for normal cells. One of the challenges for the clinical development of betulinic acid is its lack of aqueous solubility. The three key structural features of betulin/betulinic acid that have been routinely exploited for structural modifications to enhance ...


Interfacing Nickel Nitride And Nickel Boosts Both Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution And Oxidation Reactions, Fuzhan Song, Wei Li, Jiaqi Yang, Guanqun Han, Peilin Liao, Yujie Sun 2018 Utah State University

Interfacing Nickel Nitride And Nickel Boosts Both Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution And Oxidation Reactions, Fuzhan Song, Wei Li, Jiaqi Yang, Guanqun Han, Peilin Liao, Yujie Sun

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Electrocatalysts of the hydrogen evolution and oxidation reactions (HER and HOR) are of critical importance for the realization of future hydrogen economy. In order to make electrocatalysts economically competitive for large-scale applications, increasing attention has been devoted to developing noble metal-free HER and HOR electrocatalysts especially for alkaline electrolytes due to the promise of emerging hydroxide exchange membrane fuel cells. Herein, we report that interface engineering of Ni3N and Ni results in a unique Ni3N/Ni electrocatalyst which exhibits exceptional HER/HOR activities in aqueous electrolytes. A systematic electrochemical study was carried out to investigate the ...


Acidity And Antioxidant Activity Of Cold Brew Coffee., Niny Z. Rao, Megan Fuller 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Acidity And Antioxidant Activity Of Cold Brew Coffee., Niny Z. Rao, Megan Fuller

College of Life Sciences Faculty Papers

The acidity and antioxidant activity of cold brew coffee were investigated using light roast coffees from Brazil, two regions of Ethiopia, Columbia, Myanmar, and Mexico. The concentrations of three caffeoylquinic acid (CQA) isomers were also determined. Cold brew coffee chemistry was compared to that of hot brew coffee prepared with the same grind-to-coffee ratio. The pH values of the cold and hot brew samples were found to be comparable, ranging from 4.85 to 5.13. The hot brew coffees were found to have higher concentrations of total titratable acids, as well as higher antioxidant activity, than that of their ...


A Redox Conjugated Polymer-Based All-Solid-State Reference Electrode, Ke Qu, Mingxi Fang, Shuwei Zhang, Haiying Liu, Xiangqun Zeng 2018 Oakland University

A Redox Conjugated Polymer-Based All-Solid-State Reference Electrode, Ke Qu, Mingxi Fang, Shuwei Zhang, Haiying Liu, Xiangqun Zeng

Department of Chemistry Publications

This work reports the design, synthesis, and characterization of a novel redox-active conjugated polyaniline containing quinone moiety as a solid state reference electrode. The union of electro-active quinone with π-conjugated polyaniline was created by the first chemical synthesis of para-dimethoxybenzene-functionalized aniline as a monomer using a palladium-mediated coupling. The successful polymerization of the as-prepared monomer was accomplished without acid additives. Its post-polymerization modification with strong Lewis acid boron tribromide furnished unique poly (aniline quinone/hydroquinone) with desired properties for all-solid-state reference electrode (RE) applications. The electrochemical responses from the conjugated polyaniline backbone in this unique polymer have been “suppressed” by ...


The Rotational Spectrum And Potential Energy Surface Of The Ar-Sio Complex, Michael C. McCarthy, Steve Alexandre Ndengue, Richard Dawes 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

The Rotational Spectrum And Potential Energy Surface Of The Ar-Sio Complex, Michael C. Mccarthy, Steve Alexandre Ndengue, Richard Dawes

Richard Dawes, Ph.D.

The rotational spectra of five isotopic species of the Ar-SiO complex have been observed at high-spectral resolution between 8 and 18 GHz using chirped Fourier transform microwave spectroscopy and a discharge nozzle source; follow-up cavity measurements have extended these measurements to as high as 35 GHz. The spectrum of the normal species is dominated by an intense progression of a-type rotational transitions arising from increasing quanta in the Si-O stretch, in which lines up to v = 12 (~14 500 cm-1) were identified. A structural determination by isotopic substitution and a hyperfine analysis of the Ar-Si17O spectrum both ...


The Covalent Interaction Between Dihydrogen And Gold: A Rotational Spectroscopic Study Of H₂-Aucl, Daniel A. Obenchain, Derek S. Frank, Garry S. Grubbs, Herbert M. Pickett, Stewart E. Novick 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

The Covalent Interaction Between Dihydrogen And Gold: A Rotational Spectroscopic Study Of H₂-Aucl, Daniel A. Obenchain, Derek S. Frank, Garry S. Grubbs, Herbert M. Pickett, Stewart E. Novick

Garry S. Grubbs II

The pure rotational transitions of H2-AuCl have been measured using a pulsed-jet cavity Fourier transform microwave spectrometer equipped with a laser ablation source. The structure was found to be T-shaped, with the H-H bond interacting with the gold atom. Both 35Cl and 37Cl isotopologues have been measured for both ortho and para states of H2. Rotational constants, quartic centrifugal distortion constants, and nuclear quadrupole coupling constants for gold and chlorine have been determined. The use of the nuclear spin-nuclear spin interaction terms Daa, Dbb, and Dcc for H2 were required to fit ...


Polymer Coated Gold-Ferric Oxide Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles For Theranostic Applications, Muhammad Raisul Abedin, Siddesh Umapathi, Harika Mahendrakar, Tunyaboon Laemthong, Holly Coleman, Denise Muchangi, Santimukul Santra, Manashi Nath, Sutapa Barua 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Polymer Coated Gold-Ferric Oxide Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles For Theranostic Applications, Muhammad Raisul Abedin, Siddesh Umapathi, Harika Mahendrakar, Tunyaboon Laemthong, Holly Coleman, Denise Muchangi, Santimukul Santra, Manashi Nath, Sutapa Barua

Manashi Nath

Background: Engineered inorganic nanoparticles (NPs) are essential components in the development of nanotechnologies. For applications in nanomedicine, particles need to be functionalized to ensure a good dispersibility in biological fluids. In many cases however, functionalization is not sufficient: the particles become either coated by a corona of serum proteins or precipitate out of the solvent. We show that by changing the coating of magnetic iron oxide NPs using poly-l-lysine (PLL) polymer the colloidal stability of the dispersion is improved in aqueous solutions including water, phosphate buffered saline (PBS), PBS with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) and cell culture medium, and ...


Rapid Adsorption Of Proinflammatory Cytokines By Graphene Nanoplatelets And Their Composites For Extracorporeal Detoxification, Yishan Zheng, Nicholas Pescatore, Yury Gogotsi, Boris Dyatkin, Ganesh Ingavle, Vadym Mochalin, Tochukwu Ozulumba, Sergey Mikhalovsky, Susan Sandeman 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Rapid Adsorption Of Proinflammatory Cytokines By Graphene Nanoplatelets And Their Composites For Extracorporeal Detoxification, Yishan Zheng, Nicholas Pescatore, Yury Gogotsi, Boris Dyatkin, Ganesh Ingavle, Vadym Mochalin, Tochukwu Ozulumba, Sergey Mikhalovsky, Susan Sandeman

Vadym Mochalin

Sepsis is a complex clinical syndrome that features excessive release of cytokines and other inflammatory mediators that could lead to organ dysfunction. Despite different treatment and management options, sepsis associated high morbidity and mortality rates remain. This has prompted intensive research into alternative therapeutic approaches such as targeted removal of sepsis related molecules using extracorporeal hemoperfusion. In this study, we explore the use of graphene nanoplatelets (GNP) as low-cost alternative hemosorbents for rapid removal of a broad spectrum of proinflammatory cytokine markers. Firstly, the physical characteristics, cytotoxicity, and cytokine marker adsorption profile of GNP were assessed. The results not only ...


Air-Oxidation Of Phenolic Resin Aerogels: Backbone Reorganization, Formation Of Ring-Fused Pyrylium Cations, And The Effect On Microporous Carbons With Enhanced Surface Areas, Hojat Majedi Far, Suraj Donthula, Tahereh Taghvaee, Adnan Malik Saeed, Zachary Garr, Lia Sotiriou-Leventis, Nicholas Leventis 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Air-Oxidation Of Phenolic Resin Aerogels: Backbone Reorganization, Formation Of Ring-Fused Pyrylium Cations, And The Effect On Microporous Carbons With Enhanced Surface Areas, Hojat Majedi Far, Suraj Donthula, Tahereh Taghvaee, Adnan Malik Saeed, Zachary Garr, Lia Sotiriou-Leventis, Nicholas Leventis

Nicholas Leventis

This paper is a thorough investigation of the chemical transformations during pyrolytic conversion of phenolic resins to carbons, and reports that all carbons obtained from main-stream phenolic resins including phloroglucinol-formaldehyde (FPOL), phloroglucinol-terephthalaldehyde (TPOL), resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF), and phenol-formaldehyde (PF) contain fused pyrylium rings and charge-compensating phenoxides. Those four phenolic resins were prepared via a fast HCl-catalyzed process as low-density nanostructured solids classified as aerogels, which, owing to their open porosity, allowed air circulation through their bulk. In that regard, the first step of this study was the air-oxidation of those phenolic resin aerogels at 240 °C. In FPOL and TPOL aerogels ...


Scalable, Hydrophobic And Highly-Stretchable Poly(Isocyanurate-Urethane) Aerogels, Sadeq Malakooti, Saman Rostami, Habel Gitogo Churu, Huiyang Luo, Jenna Clark, Fabiola Casarez, Owen Rettenmaier, Soheil Daryadel, Majid Minary-Jolandan, Lia Sotiriou-Leventis, Nicholas Leventis, Hongbing Lu 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Scalable, Hydrophobic And Highly-Stretchable Poly(Isocyanurate-Urethane) Aerogels, Sadeq Malakooti, Saman Rostami, Habel Gitogo Churu, Huiyang Luo, Jenna Clark, Fabiola Casarez, Owen Rettenmaier, Soheil Daryadel, Majid Minary-Jolandan, Lia Sotiriou-Leventis, Nicholas Leventis, Hongbing Lu

Nicholas Leventis

Scalable, low-density and flexible aerogels offer a unique combination of excellent mechanical properties and scalable manufacturability. Herein, we report the fabrication of a family of low-density, ambient-dried and hydrophobic poly(isocyanurate-urethane) aerogels derived from a triisocyanate precursor. The bulk densities ranged from 0.28 to 0.37 g cm-3 with porosities above 70% v/v. The aerogels exhibit a highly stretchable behavior with a rapid increase in the Young's modulus with bulk density (slope of log-log plot > 6.0). In addition, the aerogels are very compressible (more than 80% compressive strain) with high shape recovery rate (more than ...


Air-Oxidation Of Phenolic Resin Aerogels: Backbone Reorganization, Formation Of Ring-Fused Pyrylium Cations, And The Effect On Microporous Carbons With Enhanced Surface Areas, Hojat Majedi Far, Suraj Donthula, Tahereh Taghvaee, Adnan Malik Saeed, Zachary Garr, Lia Sotiriou-Leventis, Nicholas Leventis 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Air-Oxidation Of Phenolic Resin Aerogels: Backbone Reorganization, Formation Of Ring-Fused Pyrylium Cations, And The Effect On Microporous Carbons With Enhanced Surface Areas, Hojat Majedi Far, Suraj Donthula, Tahereh Taghvaee, Adnan Malik Saeed, Zachary Garr, Lia Sotiriou-Leventis, Nicholas Leventis

Lia Sotiriou-Leventis

This paper is a thorough investigation of the chemical transformations during pyrolytic conversion of phenolic resins to carbons, and reports that all carbons obtained from main-stream phenolic resins including phloroglucinol-formaldehyde (FPOL), phloroglucinol-terephthalaldehyde (TPOL), resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF), and phenol-formaldehyde (PF) contain fused pyrylium rings and charge-compensating phenoxides. Those four phenolic resins were prepared via a fast HCl-catalyzed process as low-density nanostructured solids classified as aerogels, which, owing to their open porosity, allowed air circulation through their bulk. In that regard, the first step of this study was the air-oxidation of those phenolic resin aerogels at 240 °C. In FPOL and TPOL aerogels ...


Scalable, Hydrophobic And Highly-Stretchable Poly(Isocyanurate-Urethane) Aerogels, Sadeq Malakooti, Saman Rostami, Habel Gitogo Churu, Huiyang Luo, Jenna Clark, Fabiola Casarez, Owen Rettenmaier, Soheil Daryadel, Majid Minary-Jolandan, Lia Sotiriou-Leventis, Nicholas Leventis, Hongbing Lu 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Scalable, Hydrophobic And Highly-Stretchable Poly(Isocyanurate-Urethane) Aerogels, Sadeq Malakooti, Saman Rostami, Habel Gitogo Churu, Huiyang Luo, Jenna Clark, Fabiola Casarez, Owen Rettenmaier, Soheil Daryadel, Majid Minary-Jolandan, Lia Sotiriou-Leventis, Nicholas Leventis, Hongbing Lu

Lia Sotiriou-Leventis

Scalable, low-density and flexible aerogels offer a unique combination of excellent mechanical properties and scalable manufacturability. Herein, we report the fabrication of a family of low-density, ambient-dried and hydrophobic poly(isocyanurate-urethane) aerogels derived from a triisocyanate precursor. The bulk densities ranged from 0.28 to 0.37 g cm-3 with porosities above 70% v/v. The aerogels exhibit a highly stretchable behavior with a rapid increase in the Young's modulus with bulk density (slope of log-log plot > 6.0). In addition, the aerogels are very compressible (more than 80% compressive strain) with high shape recovery rate (more than ...


Prevention And Reversal Of Selenite-Induced Cataracts By N-Acetylcysteine Amide In Wistar Rats, Yasaswi Maddirala, Shakila Tobwala, Humeyra Karacal, Nuran Ercal 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Prevention And Reversal Of Selenite-Induced Cataracts By N-Acetylcysteine Amide In Wistar Rats, Yasaswi Maddirala, Shakila Tobwala, Humeyra Karacal, Nuran Ercal

Nuran Ercal

Background: The present study sought to evaluate the efficacy of N-acetylcysteine amide (NACA) eye drops in reversing the cataract formation induced by sodium selenite in male Wistar rat pups.

Methods: Forty male Wistar rat pups were randomly divided into a control group, an N-acetylcysteine amide-only group, a sodium selenite-induced cataract group, and a NACA-treated sodium selenite-induced cataract group. Sodium selenite was injected intraperitoneally on postpartum day 10, whereas N-acetylcysteine amide was injected intraperitoneally on postpartum days 9, 11, and 13 in the respective groups. Cataracts were evaluated at the end of week 2 (postpartum day 14) when the rat pups ...


Polymer Coated Gold-Ferric Oxide Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles For Theranostic Applications, Muhammad Raisul Abedin, Siddesh Umapathi, Harika Mahendrakar, Tunyaboon Laemthong, Holly Coleman, Denise Muchangi, Santimukul Santra, Manashi Nath, Sutapa Barua 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Polymer Coated Gold-Ferric Oxide Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles For Theranostic Applications, Muhammad Raisul Abedin, Siddesh Umapathi, Harika Mahendrakar, Tunyaboon Laemthong, Holly Coleman, Denise Muchangi, Santimukul Santra, Manashi Nath, Sutapa Barua

Sutapa Barua

Background: Engineered inorganic nanoparticles (NPs) are essential components in the development of nanotechnologies. For applications in nanomedicine, particles need to be functionalized to ensure a good dispersibility in biological fluids. In many cases however, functionalization is not sufficient: the particles become either coated by a corona of serum proteins or precipitate out of the solvent. We show that by changing the coating of magnetic iron oxide NPs using poly-l-lysine (PLL) polymer the colloidal stability of the dispersion is improved in aqueous solutions including water, phosphate buffered saline (PBS), PBS with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) and cell culture medium, and ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress