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Polymer Coated Gold-Ferric Oxide Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles For Theranostic Applications, Muhammad Raisul Abedin, Siddesh Umapathi, Harika Mahendrakar, Tunyaboon Laemthong, Holly Coleman, Denise Muchangi, Santimukul Santra, Manashi Nath, Sutapa Barua 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Polymer Coated Gold-Ferric Oxide Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles For Theranostic Applications, Muhammad Raisul Abedin, Siddesh Umapathi, Harika Mahendrakar, Tunyaboon Laemthong, Holly Coleman, Denise Muchangi, Santimukul Santra, Manashi Nath, Sutapa Barua

Manashi Nath

Background: Engineered inorganic nanoparticles (NPs) are essential components in the development of nanotechnologies. For applications in nanomedicine, particles need to be functionalized to ensure a good dispersibility in biological fluids. In many cases however, functionalization is not sufficient: the particles become either coated by a corona of serum proteins or precipitate out of the solvent. We show that by changing the coating of magnetic iron oxide NPs using poly-l-lysine (PLL) polymer the colloidal stability of the dispersion is improved in aqueous solutions including water, phosphate buffered saline (PBS), PBS with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) and cell culture medium, and ...


Rapid Adsorption Of Proinflammatory Cytokines By Graphene Nanoplatelets And Their Composites For Extracorporeal Detoxification, Yishan Zheng, Nicholas Pescatore, Yury Gogotsi, Boris Dyatkin, Ganesh Ingavle, Vadym Mochalin, Tochukwu Ozulumba, Sergey Mikhalovsky, Susan Sandeman 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Rapid Adsorption Of Proinflammatory Cytokines By Graphene Nanoplatelets And Their Composites For Extracorporeal Detoxification, Yishan Zheng, Nicholas Pescatore, Yury Gogotsi, Boris Dyatkin, Ganesh Ingavle, Vadym Mochalin, Tochukwu Ozulumba, Sergey Mikhalovsky, Susan Sandeman

Vadym Mochalin

Sepsis is a complex clinical syndrome that features excessive release of cytokines and other inflammatory mediators that could lead to organ dysfunction. Despite different treatment and management options, sepsis associated high morbidity and mortality rates remain. This has prompted intensive research into alternative therapeutic approaches such as targeted removal of sepsis related molecules using extracorporeal hemoperfusion. In this study, we explore the use of graphene nanoplatelets (GNP) as low-cost alternative hemosorbents for rapid removal of a broad spectrum of proinflammatory cytokine markers. Firstly, the physical characteristics, cytotoxicity, and cytokine marker adsorption profile of GNP were assessed. The results not only ...


Air-Oxidation Of Phenolic Resin Aerogels: Backbone Reorganization, Formation Of Ring-Fused Pyrylium Cations, And The Effect On Microporous Carbons With Enhanced Surface Areas, Hojat Majedi Far, Suraj Donthula, Tahereh Taghvaee, Adnan Malik Saeed, Zachary Garr, Lia Sotiriou-Leventis, Nicholas Leventis 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Air-Oxidation Of Phenolic Resin Aerogels: Backbone Reorganization, Formation Of Ring-Fused Pyrylium Cations, And The Effect On Microporous Carbons With Enhanced Surface Areas, Hojat Majedi Far, Suraj Donthula, Tahereh Taghvaee, Adnan Malik Saeed, Zachary Garr, Lia Sotiriou-Leventis, Nicholas Leventis

Nicholas Leventis

This paper is a thorough investigation of the chemical transformations during pyrolytic conversion of phenolic resins to carbons, and reports that all carbons obtained from main-stream phenolic resins including phloroglucinol-formaldehyde (FPOL), phloroglucinol-terephthalaldehyde (TPOL), resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF), and phenol-formaldehyde (PF) contain fused pyrylium rings and charge-compensating phenoxides. Those four phenolic resins were prepared via a fast HCl-catalyzed process as low-density nanostructured solids classified as aerogels, which, owing to their open porosity, allowed air circulation through their bulk. In that regard, the first step of this study was the air-oxidation of those phenolic resin aerogels at 240 °C. In FPOL and TPOL aerogels ...


Scalable, Hydrophobic And Highly-Stretchable Poly(Isocyanurate-Urethane) Aerogels, Sadeq Malakooti, Saman Rostami, Habel Gitogo Churu, Huiyang Luo, Jenna Clark, Fabiola Casarez, Owen Rettenmaier, Soheil Daryadel, Majid Minary-Jolandan, Lia Sotiriou-Leventis, Nicholas Leventis, Hongbing Lu 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Scalable, Hydrophobic And Highly-Stretchable Poly(Isocyanurate-Urethane) Aerogels, Sadeq Malakooti, Saman Rostami, Habel Gitogo Churu, Huiyang Luo, Jenna Clark, Fabiola Casarez, Owen Rettenmaier, Soheil Daryadel, Majid Minary-Jolandan, Lia Sotiriou-Leventis, Nicholas Leventis, Hongbing Lu

Nicholas Leventis

Scalable, low-density and flexible aerogels offer a unique combination of excellent mechanical properties and scalable manufacturability. Herein, we report the fabrication of a family of low-density, ambient-dried and hydrophobic poly(isocyanurate-urethane) aerogels derived from a triisocyanate precursor. The bulk densities ranged from 0.28 to 0.37 g cm-3 with porosities above 70% v/v. The aerogels exhibit a highly stretchable behavior with a rapid increase in the Young's modulus with bulk density (slope of log-log plot > 6.0). In addition, the aerogels are very compressible (more than 80% compressive strain) with high shape recovery rate (more than ...


Scalable, Hydrophobic And Highly-Stretchable Poly(Isocyanurate-Urethane) Aerogels, Sadeq Malakooti, Saman Rostami, Habel Gitogo Churu, Huiyang Luo, Jenna Clark, Fabiola Casarez, Owen Rettenmaier, Soheil Daryadel, Majid Minary-Jolandan, Lia Sotiriou-Leventis, Nicholas Leventis, Hongbing Lu 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Scalable, Hydrophobic And Highly-Stretchable Poly(Isocyanurate-Urethane) Aerogels, Sadeq Malakooti, Saman Rostami, Habel Gitogo Churu, Huiyang Luo, Jenna Clark, Fabiola Casarez, Owen Rettenmaier, Soheil Daryadel, Majid Minary-Jolandan, Lia Sotiriou-Leventis, Nicholas Leventis, Hongbing Lu

Lia Sotiriou-Leventis

Scalable, low-density and flexible aerogels offer a unique combination of excellent mechanical properties and scalable manufacturability. Herein, we report the fabrication of a family of low-density, ambient-dried and hydrophobic poly(isocyanurate-urethane) aerogels derived from a triisocyanate precursor. The bulk densities ranged from 0.28 to 0.37 g cm-3 with porosities above 70% v/v. The aerogels exhibit a highly stretchable behavior with a rapid increase in the Young's modulus with bulk density (slope of log-log plot > 6.0). In addition, the aerogels are very compressible (more than 80% compressive strain) with high shape recovery rate (more than ...


Air-Oxidation Of Phenolic Resin Aerogels: Backbone Reorganization, Formation Of Ring-Fused Pyrylium Cations, And The Effect On Microporous Carbons With Enhanced Surface Areas, Hojat Majedi Far, Suraj Donthula, Tahereh Taghvaee, Adnan Malik Saeed, Zachary Garr, Lia Sotiriou-Leventis, Nicholas Leventis 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Air-Oxidation Of Phenolic Resin Aerogels: Backbone Reorganization, Formation Of Ring-Fused Pyrylium Cations, And The Effect On Microporous Carbons With Enhanced Surface Areas, Hojat Majedi Far, Suraj Donthula, Tahereh Taghvaee, Adnan Malik Saeed, Zachary Garr, Lia Sotiriou-Leventis, Nicholas Leventis

Lia Sotiriou-Leventis

This paper is a thorough investigation of the chemical transformations during pyrolytic conversion of phenolic resins to carbons, and reports that all carbons obtained from main-stream phenolic resins including phloroglucinol-formaldehyde (FPOL), phloroglucinol-terephthalaldehyde (TPOL), resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF), and phenol-formaldehyde (PF) contain fused pyrylium rings and charge-compensating phenoxides. Those four phenolic resins were prepared via a fast HCl-catalyzed process as low-density nanostructured solids classified as aerogels, which, owing to their open porosity, allowed air circulation through their bulk. In that regard, the first step of this study was the air-oxidation of those phenolic resin aerogels at 240 °C. In FPOL and TPOL aerogels ...


Prevention And Reversal Of Selenite-Induced Cataracts By N-Acetylcysteine Amide In Wistar Rats, Yasaswi Maddirala, Shakila Tobwala, Humeyra Karacal, Nuran Ercal 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Prevention And Reversal Of Selenite-Induced Cataracts By N-Acetylcysteine Amide In Wistar Rats, Yasaswi Maddirala, Shakila Tobwala, Humeyra Karacal, Nuran Ercal

Nuran Ercal

Background: The present study sought to evaluate the efficacy of N-acetylcysteine amide (NACA) eye drops in reversing the cataract formation induced by sodium selenite in male Wistar rat pups.

Methods: Forty male Wistar rat pups were randomly divided into a control group, an N-acetylcysteine amide-only group, a sodium selenite-induced cataract group, and a NACA-treated sodium selenite-induced cataract group. Sodium selenite was injected intraperitoneally on postpartum day 10, whereas N-acetylcysteine amide was injected intraperitoneally on postpartum days 9, 11, and 13 in the respective groups. Cataracts were evaluated at the end of week 2 (postpartum day 14) when the rat pups ...


Polymer Coated Gold-Ferric Oxide Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles For Theranostic Applications, Muhammad Raisul Abedin, Siddesh Umapathi, Harika Mahendrakar, Tunyaboon Laemthong, Holly Coleman, Denise Muchangi, Santimukul Santra, Manashi Nath, Sutapa Barua 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Polymer Coated Gold-Ferric Oxide Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles For Theranostic Applications, Muhammad Raisul Abedin, Siddesh Umapathi, Harika Mahendrakar, Tunyaboon Laemthong, Holly Coleman, Denise Muchangi, Santimukul Santra, Manashi Nath, Sutapa Barua

Sutapa Barua

Background: Engineered inorganic nanoparticles (NPs) are essential components in the development of nanotechnologies. For applications in nanomedicine, particles need to be functionalized to ensure a good dispersibility in biological fluids. In many cases however, functionalization is not sufficient: the particles become either coated by a corona of serum proteins or precipitate out of the solvent. We show that by changing the coating of magnetic iron oxide NPs using poly-l-lysine (PLL) polymer the colloidal stability of the dispersion is improved in aqueous solutions including water, phosphate buffered saline (PBS), PBS with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) and cell culture medium, and ...


Eddy Flux Measurements Of Sulfur Dioxide Deposition To The Sea Surface, Jack G. Porter, Warren J. De Bruyn, Eric S. Saltzman 2018 University of California, Irvine

Eddy Flux Measurements Of Sulfur Dioxide Deposition To The Sea Surface, Jack G. Porter, Warren J. De Bruyn, Eric S. Saltzman

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

Deposition to the sea surface is a major atmospheric loss pathway for many important trace gases, such as sulfur dioxide (SO2). The air–sea transfer of SO2 is controlled entirely on the atmospheric side of the air–sea interface due to high effective solubility and other physical– chemical properties. There have been few direct field measurements of such fluxes due to the challenges associated with making fast-response measurements of highly soluble trace gases at very low ambient levels. In this study, we report direct eddy covariance air–sea flux measurements of SO2, sensible heat, water vapor, and momentum. The measurements ...


A Near-Infrared Fluorescent Probe Based On A Fret Rhodamine Donor Linked To A Cyanine Acceptor For Sensitive Detection Of Intracellular Ph Alternations, Yibin Zhang, Jianheng Bi, Shuai Xia, Wafa Mazi, Shulin Wan, Logan Mikesell, Rudy Luck, Haiying Liu 2018 Michigan Technological University

A Near-Infrared Fluorescent Probe Based On A Fret Rhodamine Donor Linked To A Cyanine Acceptor For Sensitive Detection Of Intracellular Ph Alternations, Yibin Zhang, Jianheng Bi, Shuai Xia, Wafa Mazi, Shulin Wan, Logan Mikesell, Rudy Luck, Haiying Liu

Department of Chemistry Publications

A fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based near-infrared fluorescent probe (B+) for double-checked sensitive detection of intracellular pH changes has been synthesized by binding a near-infrared rhodamine donor to a near-infrared cyanine acceptor through robust C-N bonds via a nucleophilic substitution reaction. To demonstrate the double-checked advantages of probe B+, a near-infrared probe (A) was also prepared by modification of a near-infrared rhodamine dye with ethylenediamine to produce a closed spirolactam residue. Under basic conditions, probe B+ shows only weak fluorescence from the cyanine acceptor while probe A displays nonfluorescence due to retention of the closed spirolactam form of the ...


Selective Glucose Isomerization To Fructose Via Nitrogen-Doped Solid Base Catalyst Derived From Spent Coffee Grounds, Season S. Chen, Iris K.M. Yu, Dong-Wan Cho, Hocheol Song, Daniel C.W. Tsang, Jean-Philippe Tessonnier, Yong Sik Ok, Chi Sun Poon 2018 Iowa State University

Selective Glucose Isomerization To Fructose Via Nitrogen-Doped Solid Base Catalyst Derived From Spent Coffee Grounds, Season S. Chen, Iris K.M. Yu, Dong-Wan Cho, Hocheol Song, Daniel C.W. Tsang, Jean-Philippe Tessonnier, Yong Sik Ok, Chi Sun Poon

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

In this work, glucose isomerization to fructose was conducted via a solid base biochar catalyst derived from spent coffee grounds and melamine. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) spectra identified the majority of pyridinic nitrogen on the biochar surface, which imparted the strong base character of the catalyst. Activity of the catalyst was evidenced by fast conversion of glucose (12%) and high selectivity to fructose (84%) in 20 min at a moderate temperature (120 °C) compared to recently reported immobilized tertiary amines at comparable N concentrations (10-15 mol% relative to glucose). By increasing the reaction temperature to 160 °C, fructose yield ...


Computational Studies On Nucleic Acid-Ion Interactions In Droplets And Bulk Solution, Mahmoud Sharawy 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Computational Studies On Nucleic Acid-Ion Interactions In Droplets And Bulk Solution, Mahmoud Sharawy

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Interactions of macromolecules with ions in solution have a long history of study because of their ubiquitous nature. These interactions are essential for the stability and function of macromolecules such as nucleic acids. Nucleic acids are involved in many natural biochemical processes. For example, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) provides more than storage of genetic information. The guanine-rich structures, at the ends of the DNA, participate in regulating the gene expression in the living cell by forming guanine quadruplex (G-quadruplex) structures. These structures provide a possible drug target for the treatment of cancer. Nucleic acids are polyions under physiological pH of 7 ...


Liquid Phenothiazine Catholytes For Non-Aqueous Redox Flow Batteries, Susan A. Odom, Matthew D. Casselman, Aman Preet Kaur 2018 University of Kentucky

Liquid Phenothiazine Catholytes For Non-Aqueous Redox Flow Batteries, Susan A. Odom, Matthew D. Casselman, Aman Preet Kaur

Chemistry Faculty Patents

Highly soluble, liquid phenothiazines containing methoxy-terminated ether and oligoether substituents are disclosed with high diffusion coefficients and robust performance in electrochemical measurements, which can be synthesized in one step from commercially-available starting materials, thereby circumventing previous synthetic limitations.


Photocatalytic Activity: Experimental Features To Report In Heterogeneous Photocatalysis, Md. Ariful Hoque, Marcelo I. Guzman 2018 University of Kentucky

Photocatalytic Activity: Experimental Features To Report In Heterogeneous Photocatalysis, Md. Ariful Hoque, Marcelo I. Guzman

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Heterogeneous photocatalysis is a prominent area of research with major applications in solar energy conversion, air pollution mitigation, and removal of contaminants from water. A large number of scientific papers related to the photocatalysis field and its environmental applications are published in different journals specializing in materials and nanomaterials. However, many problems exist in the conception of papers by authors unfamiliar with standard characterization methods of photocatalysts as well as with the procedures needed to determine photocatalytic activities based on the determination of “apparent quantum efficiencies” within a wavelength interval or “apparent quantum yields” in the case of using monochromatic ...


A New Generation Of Functional Polyisobutylenes For Advanced Applications, Corey M. Parada 2018 The University of Southern Mississippi

A New Generation Of Functional Polyisobutylenes For Advanced Applications, Corey M. Parada

Dissertations

Polyisobutylene (PIB) is a fully saturated, aliphatic polymer of high commercial importance due to its superior gas barrier properties and high chemical/oxidative stability. One commercial end-use for PIB is in insulated glass windows (IGU), where it acts as a gas/moisture barrier and sealant. Under certain adverse conditions, catastrophic failure of the PIB sealant may result in aesthetic and functional failure of the IGU, which necessitates replacement of the unit. Thus, there exists a need to improve current generations of thermoplastic PIB sealants to be able to withstand the harsh environments found in current real-world applications.

In the first ...


Textured Nise₂ Film: Bifunctional Electrocatalyst For Full Water Splitting At Remarkably Low Overpotential With High Energy Efficiency, Abdurazag T. Swesi, Jahangir Masud, Wipula P. R. Liyanage, Siddesh Umapathi, Eric W. Bohannan, Julia E. Medvedeva, Manashi Nath 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Textured Nise₂ Film: Bifunctional Electrocatalyst For Full Water Splitting At Remarkably Low Overpotential With High Energy Efficiency, Abdurazag T. Swesi, Jahangir Masud, Wipula P. R. Liyanage, Siddesh Umapathi, Eric W. Bohannan, Julia E. Medvedeva, Manashi Nath

Julia E. Medvedeva

Herein we have shown that electrodeposited NiSe2 can be used as a bifunctional electrocatalyst under alkaline conditions to split water at very low potential by catalyzing both oxygen evolution and hydrogen evolution reactions at anode and cathode, respectively, achieving a very high electrolysis energy efficiency exceeding 80% at considerably high current densities (100 mA cm-2). The OER catalytic activity as well as electrolysis energy efficiency surpasses any previously reported OER electrocatalyst in alkaline medium and energy efficiency of an electrolyzer using state-of-the-art Pt and RuO2 as the HER and OER catalyst, respectively. Through detailed electrochemical and structural ...


Novel Antibacterial Compounds And Methods Of Making And Using Same, Amit Basu, Christopher W. Reid, Mary Margaret O'Connor, Ethan Lindsay Magno, Mitchell Evan Jamieson, Ryan Daniel Miller 2018 Bryant University

Novel Antibacterial Compounds And Methods Of Making And Using Same, Amit Basu, Christopher W. Reid, Mary Margaret O'Connor, Ethan Lindsay Magno, Mitchell Evan Jamieson, Ryan Daniel Miller

Science and Technology Faculty Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Reactive Iron Mineral Coatings In Redox Transition Zones And Their Impact On Natural Attenuation, Lisa Axe 2018 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Reactive Iron Mineral Coatings In Redox Transition Zones And Their Impact On Natural Attenuation, Lisa Axe

Sustainability Seminar Series

Reactive Fe mineral coatings play an important role in contaminant attenuation in redox transition zones at sites with subsurface contamination. An anaerobic 60 foot core was collected from the Chambers Works Site in Deepwater, NJ. Working in a glovebox, two-inch subsamples were used to evaluate redox transition zones using bulk composition, redox potential, pH, VOCs in the headspace, as well as abundant bacteria. A number of redox transition zones were identified and further studied with a suite of complementary analyses to characterize the surface chemistry. Analyses have included sequential extraction (phases and speciation), x-ray diffraction (mineralogy), x-ray fluorescence (composition), fieldemission ...


Reaction Optimization Of Pyrazinoquinoxaline Based Organic Semiconductor With Cruciform Shape, Marco Valverde Paredes, Dong-Chan Lee 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Reaction Optimization Of Pyrazinoquinoxaline Based Organic Semiconductor With Cruciform Shape, Marco Valverde Paredes, Dong-Chan Lee

LSAMP Poster Presentations

In this work, an optimum reaction condition was established to synthesize a pyrazinoquinoxaline based organic semiconductor with cruciform shape.


Flexible Laser-Induced Graphene For Nitrogen Sensing In Soil, Nate T. Garland, Eric S. McLamore, Nicholas D. Cavallaro, Deyny Mendivelso-Perez, Emily A. Smith, Dapeng Jing, Jonathan C. Claussen 2018 Iowa State University

Flexible Laser-Induced Graphene For Nitrogen Sensing In Soil, Nate T. Garland, Eric S. Mclamore, Nicholas D. Cavallaro, Deyny Mendivelso-Perez, Emily A. Smith, Dapeng Jing, Jonathan C. Claussen

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Flexible graphene electronics are rapidly gaining interest, but their widespread implementation has been impeded by challenges with ink preparation, ink printing, and post-print annealing processes. Laser-induced graphene (LIG) promises a facile alternative by creating flexible graphene electronics on polyimide substrates through a one-step laser writing fabrication method. Herein we demonstrate the use of LIG, created through a low-cost UV laser, for electrochemical ion selective sensing of plant-available nitrogen (i.e., both ammonium and nitrate ions: NH4+ and NO3-) in soil samples. The laser used to create the LIG was operated at distinct pulse rates (10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 ...


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