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21,992 full-text articles. Page 6 of 563.

Hiv-1 Integrase-Targeted Short Peptides Derived From A Viral Protein R Sequence, Xue Zhi Zhao, Mathieu Métifiot, Evgeny Kiselev, Jacques Kessl, Kasthuraiah Maddali, Christophe Marchand, Mamuka Kvaratskhelia, Yves Pommier, Terrence R. Burke Jr. 2018 Center of Cancer Research

Hiv-1 Integrase-Targeted Short Peptides Derived From A Viral Protein R Sequence, Xue Zhi Zhao, Mathieu Métifiot, Evgeny Kiselev, Jacques Kessl, Kasthuraiah Maddali, Christophe Marchand, Mamuka Kvaratskhelia, Yves Pommier, Terrence R. Burke Jr.

Faculty Publications

HIV-1 integrase (IN) inhibitors represent a new class of highly effective anti-AIDS therapeutics. Current FDA-approved IN strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs) share a common mechanism of action that involves chelation of catalytic divalent metal ions. However, the emergence of IN mutants having reduced sensitivity to these inhibitors underlies efforts to derive agents that antagonize IN function by alternate mechanisms. Integrase along with the 96-residue multifunctional accessory protein, viral protein R (Vpr), are both components of the HIV-1 pre-integration complex (PIC). Coordinated interactions within the PIC are important for viral replication. Herein, we report a 7-mer peptide based on the shortened Vpr ...


Removal Of Acid Yellow 25 From Aqueous Solution By Chitin Prepared From Waste Snow Crab Legs, Chin-Chuan Wei, Inoka K. Pathiraja, Emily Fabry, Kyle Schafer, Nick Schimp, Tuo-Ping Hu, Lawrence P. Norcio 2018 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

Removal Of Acid Yellow 25 From Aqueous Solution By Chitin Prepared From Waste Snow Crab Legs, Chin-Chuan Wei, Inoka K. Pathiraja, Emily Fabry, Kyle Schafer, Nick Schimp, Tuo-Ping Hu, Lawrence P. Norcio

SIUE Faculty Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activity

Acid Yellow 25 (AY25) is used in the textile industry for dyeing of natural and synthetic fibers, and is also used as a coloring agent in paints, inks, plastics, and leathers. Effluents from such industries are major sources of water pollution. Hence, it is important to find simple, efficient, and inexpensive ways to remove these dyes from wastewater. Here, we determined the suitability of chitin extracted from waste crab legs as an adsorbent for removing AY25 dye. The adsorption kinetics was modeled using pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order, and intraparticle diffusion equations to determine the rate controlling step. Results showed that ...


Unraveling Substituent Effects On The Glass Transition Temperatures Of Biorenewable Polyesters, Xiaopeng Yu, Junteng Jia, Shu Xu, Ka Un Lao, Maria J. Sanford, Ramesh K. Ramakrishnan, Sergei I. Nazarenko, Thomas R. Hoye, Geoffrey W. Coates, Robert A. DiStasio Jr. 2018 Cornell University

Unraveling Substituent Effects On The Glass Transition Temperatures Of Biorenewable Polyesters, Xiaopeng Yu, Junteng Jia, Shu Xu, Ka Un Lao, Maria J. Sanford, Ramesh K. Ramakrishnan, Sergei I. Nazarenko, Thomas R. Hoye, Geoffrey W. Coates, Robert A. Distasio Jr.

Faculty Publications

Converting biomass-based feedstocks into polymers not only reduces our reliance on fossil fuels, but also furnishes multiple opportunities to design biorenewable polymers with targeted properties and functionalities. Here we report a series of high glass transition temperature (Tg up to 184 °C) polyesters derived from sugar-based furan derivatives as well as a joint experimental and theoretical study of substituent effects on their thermal properties. Surprisingly, we find that polymers with moderate steric hindrance exhibit the highest Tg values. Through a detailed Ramachandran-type analysis of the rotational flexibility of the polymer backbone, we find that additional steric hindrance does ...


The Commutator Of The Runge Lenz Vector With Other Operators Of The H-Atoms Physics Using Maxima, Carl W. David 2018 University of Connecticut

The Commutator Of The Runge Lenz Vector With Other Operators Of The H-Atoms Physics Using Maxima, Carl W. David

Chemistry Education Materials

Commutators of components of the Runge-Lenz vector and constants of the motion and ladder operators for the H-atom problem are evaluated using brute force calculus and Maxima.


Open Resonance Assisted Hydrogen Bonds And Competing Quasiaromaticity, Yen H. Nguyen, Bryan J. Lampkin, Amrit Venkatesh, Arkady Ellern, Aaron J. Rossini, Brett VanVeller 2018 Iowa State University

Open Resonance Assisted Hydrogen Bonds And Competing Quasiaromaticity, Yen H. Nguyen, Bryan J. Lampkin, Amrit Venkatesh, Arkady Ellern, Aaron J. Rossini, Brett Vanveller

Chemistry Publications

The delocalization of electron density upon tautomerization of a proton across a conjugated bridge can alter the strength of hydrogen bonds. This effect has been dubbed resonance-assisted hydrogen bonding (RAHB) and plays a major role in the energetics of the tautomeric equilibrium. The goal of this work was to investigate the role that π-delocalization plays in the stability of RAHBs by engaging other isomerization processes. Similarly, acid-base chemistry has received little experimental attention in studies of RAHB and we address the role that acid-base effects play in the tautomeric equilibrium. We find that π-delocalization and the disruption of adjacent aromatic ...


Coinage Metal Chalcogenide Clusters With N-Heterocyclic Carbene Ancillary Ligands, Alex Polgar 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Coinage Metal Chalcogenide Clusters With N-Heterocyclic Carbene Ancillary Ligands, Alex Polgar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis describes the synthesis and characterization of homo- and heterometallic group 11 – group 16 clusters with N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands. The clusters were prepared from reactive group 11 trimethylsilylchalcogenolate reagents (NHC-M-ESiMe3; M = Cu, Au; E = S, Se, Te) by silane deprotection reactions with phosphine- or phosphite-solubilized group 11 acetates (R3P-M-OAc; M = Cu, Ag, Au). Clusters were characterized by combustion analysis and spectroscopic methods in solution and the solid state. The clusters were phosphorescent at low temperatures with emission energies that depend on the metal/chalcogen composition, ancillary NHC ligand, cluster geometry and nuclearity, and local environment. Lower energy photoluminescence ...


Identification Of Coliphages In The Aviary At Brookgreen Gardens And The Factors That Might Influence Coliphage Population Dynamics In This Cypress Swamp Environment, Olivia Shirley, Lisa Pieterse, Paul E. Richardson 2018 Department of Chemistry, Coastal Carolina University, Conway, SC

Identification Of Coliphages In The Aviary At Brookgreen Gardens And The Factors That Might Influence Coliphage Population Dynamics In This Cypress Swamp Environment, Olivia Shirley, Lisa Pieterse, Paul E. Richardson

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

It has been understood that the presence of coliphages (bacteriophages specific for E. coli) in water is an indirect measurement of fecal contamination. Bacteriophages have been suggested to hold an important role in regulating the bacterial population. This pilot study analyzes the relationship between the presence of coliphages in the water in the aviary at Brookgreen Gardens and how environmental factors such as temperature, pH, and turbidity affect the presence of these viruses over the time period of three months (June 2017 through August 2017). Coliphages found in volary water sources were speculated to be deposited directly by birds that ...


An Investigation Of The Order Of Applying An Emollient With A Topical Steroid In The Treatment Of Atopic Dermatitis, Andrea Conner, Ashlee Tietje 2018 Southern Wesleyan University

An Investigation Of The Order Of Applying An Emollient With A Topical Steroid In The Treatment Of Atopic Dermatitis, Andrea Conner, Ashlee Tietje

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

In 2007, the prevalence of Atopic Dermatitis had increased two to three-fold within the last three decades and affected 15-20% of young children (Buys, 2007). Current treatment includes the use of both steroid and emollient creams. Current suggestions for the order of application are contradictory. This study aims to examine the role of the order of application of treatments for Atopic Dermatitis (AD). Hairless mice (SKH-1) were induced to a mild AD flare-up using 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) and treated with either 1% hydrocortisone (Maximum Strength Cortizone 10 cream) alone, 1% hydrocortisone followed by Cetaphil (emollient), or Cetaphil followed by 1 ...


Investigating The Lytic Staphylococcus Aureus Bacteriophage Reservoir Amongst A South Carolina University Population: Discovery, Characterization, And Identification Of A Potential Bacteriophage Treatment For Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus, Lisa Pieterse, Amy Powers, Derek Pride, Lisha van Onselen, Giovanna E. Leone, Paul E. Richardson 2018 Department of Biology, Coastal Carolina University, Conway, SC

Investigating The Lytic Staphylococcus Aureus Bacteriophage Reservoir Amongst A South Carolina University Population: Discovery, Characterization, And Identification Of A Potential Bacteriophage Treatment For Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus, Lisa Pieterse, Amy Powers, Derek Pride, Lisha Van Onselen, Giovanna E. Leone, Paul E. Richardson

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Bacteriophages are viruses that only infect bacterial cells and can be used to treat antibiotic resistant bacterial infections. This study focused on the isolation and characterization of bacteriophages lytic to Staphylococcus aureus at Coastal Carolina University (CCU) in Conway, South Carolina, as a means to isolate bacteriophages that can potentially be used to treat methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), an antibiotic-resistant S. aureus variant. From 2014 to 2018, collection of ear and nose samples from 225 randomly selected CCU volunteers was conducted. Filter sterilization, amplification, microbial tests, and PCR analyses were performed in order to identify and characterize bacteriophages. Coliphage populations ...


Investigation Of Vaporization Enthalpies And Vapor Pressures Of Organic Compounds By Correlation Gas Chromatography, Carissa Nelson 2018 University of Missouri, St. Louis

Investigation Of Vaporization Enthalpies And Vapor Pressures Of Organic Compounds By Correlation Gas Chromatography, Carissa Nelson

Dissertations

Thermodynamic properties of organic compounds are useful to scientists and manufacturers in many areas of research and technology. This work focuses on measuring and reporting these properties on materials of commercial, environmental and scientific interest. Vaporization enthalpies and vapor pressures of several organic compounds have been studied using correlation gas chromatography (CGC) and are reported here as well as in recent publications. The CGC method allows for the indirect measurement of these properties in instances where these materials are available only in mixtures or in very small amounts.

The qualities of these measurements for any chosen target are directly related ...


Table Of Contents, 2018 University of South Carolina

Table Of Contents

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Regulating Mirna Biogenesis By Small Molecules, Hao Yan 2018 University of New Mexico

Regulating Mirna Biogenesis By Small Molecules, Hao Yan

Chemistry ETDs

MiRNAs are key cellular regulators and their dysregulation is associated with many human diseases. The development of miRNA inhibitors has significant implications for the therapy of diseases associated with aberrant miRNA expression. It also provides chemical tools for studying miRNA function. This dissertation focuses on the development of small-molecule based miRNA inhibitors targeting miRNA biogenesis.

The dissertation consists of four chapters. In Chapter 1, the biogenesis of miRNA was first introduced, followed by the explanation of miRNA function in health and disease. Then the approaches used for regulating miRNA were reviewed. Finally, the difficulties with miRNA regulation were summarized.

One ...


Comparative Strengths Of Tetrel, Pnicogen, Chalcogen, And Halogen Bonds And Contributing Factors, Wenbo Dong, Qingzhong Li, Steve Scheiner 2018 Yantai University

Comparative Strengths Of Tetrel, Pnicogen, Chalcogen, And Halogen Bonds And Contributing Factors, Wenbo Dong, Qingzhong Li, Steve Scheiner

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Ab initio calculations are employed to assess the relative strengths of various noncovalent bonds. Tetrel, pnicogen, chalcogen, and halogen atoms are represented by third-row atoms Ge, As, Se, and Br, respectively. Each atom was placed in a series of molecular bonding situations, beginning with all H atoms, then progressing to methyl substitutions, and F substituents placed in various locations around the central atom. Each Lewis acid was allowed to engage in a complex with NH3 as a common nucleophile, and the strength and other aspects of the dimer were assessed. In the context of fully hydrogenated acids, the strengths of ...


Catalytic Functionalization Of Organoaluminum Reagents And Olefins By Cross-Coupling With Copper And Nickel, Bijay Shrestha 2018 University of New Mexico

Catalytic Functionalization Of Organoaluminum Reagents And Olefins By Cross-Coupling With Copper And Nickel, Bijay Shrestha

Chemistry ETDs

This thesis is divided into two parts. The first part focuses on the Cu-catalyzed cross-coupling of organoaluminum reagents with organohalides. One of the most powerful tools for the construction of C-C bonds is cross-coupling. But, this reaction is predominantly catalyzed by Pd, a rare and expensive transition metal, which inevitably makes the process unsustainable in the long-term. Furthermore, Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling also shows low tolerance for alkyl and heteroaryl substrates because of β-hydride elimination and catalyst deactivation, respectively. Although these issues remain largely solved by using sterically hindered and electron-rich ligands, however making these types of ligands is synthetically challenging and ...


Building Soft Nanomachines From Polydiacetylene Liposomes, Timothy W. Hanks 2018 Furman University, Greenville, SC

Building Soft Nanomachines From Polydiacetylene Liposomes, Timothy W. Hanks

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Development Of Mof@Polymer Composite Materials Through Bottom-Up Self-Assembly Techniques, Roberto C. Arbulu 2018 University of New Mexico

Development Of Mof@Polymer Composite Materials Through Bottom-Up Self-Assembly Techniques, Roberto C. Arbulu

Chemistry ETDs

MOF-based mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) are a promising new class of MOF/polymer composite materials. Currently, fabrication of MMMs is based on top-down methods with limited control over MOF positioning, integration, or morphology. This work focuses on the growth of well-defined one-dimensional (1-D) MOF nanostructures within the pores of a nanoporous polymer template, either commercially available or through the self-assembly of block co-polymers having tailor-designed surface functionalities. Studies were conducted using zeolitic imidazole framework-8 (ZIF-8) and polycarbonate track etched (PCTE) membranes, which demonstrated the feasibility of the outlined approach, and revealed the formation of distinct super- and nanostructures with controlled ...


Special Elements Of Excellence: Summer 2018, Department of Chemistry 2018 Western Michigan University

Special Elements Of Excellence: Summer 2018, Department Of Chemistry

Chemistry News

  • From the Chair's Desk
  • 1st Collaborative Research Gathering
  • Emerging Scholar Award
  • Associate Prof Andre Venter reports on his sabbatical at the University of Pierre and Marie Curie in Paris, France
  • 2017 Spring Award Recipients
  • James Kiddle, Recipient of the Local Section Outreach Volunteer of the Year Award


Triacetin Enhances Levels Of Acrolein, Formaldehyde Hemiacetals, And Acetaldehyde In Electronic Cigarette Aerosols, Shawna Vreeke, David H. Peyton, Robert Strongin 2018 Portland State University

Triacetin Enhances Levels Of Acrolein, Formaldehyde Hemiacetals, And Acetaldehyde In Electronic Cigarette Aerosols, Shawna Vreeke, David H. Peyton, Robert Strongin

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

The health effects of inhaled electronic cigarette (ecigarette) flavoring compounds are largely unknown. Earlier reports of their chemical reactivity have been conflicting, with some claiming, for example, that the degradation of flavoring chemicals in e-cigarettes to aldehydes is statistically insignificant. It is thus important to understand how these molecules react to afford enhanced aerosol products. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the origin of formaldehyde, acrolein, and acetaldehyde in e-cigarettes that contain the popular additive, triacetin (TA). By using 13C labeling and a combination of 1H NMR and 13C NMR, we were able to identify that ester ...


Visible Light Generation Of High-Valent Corrole-Manganese(V)-Oxo Intermediates And Biomimetic Studies Of The Oxidation Of Organic Sulfides Catalyzed By Manganese Corroles With Iodobenzene Diacetate, Davis Ray Ranburger 2018 Western Kentucky University

Visible Light Generation Of High-Valent Corrole-Manganese(V)-Oxo Intermediates And Biomimetic Studies Of The Oxidation Of Organic Sulfides Catalyzed By Manganese Corroles With Iodobenzene Diacetate, Davis Ray Ranburger

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

High-valent transition metal-oxo intermediates play essential roles as active oxidizing species in enzymatic and biomimetic catalytic systems. Extensive research has been conducted on a variety of transition metal catalysts being studied as models for the ubiquitous cytochrome P450 enzymes. In doing so, the production of enzyme-like oxidation catalysts and probing studies on the sophisticated oxygen atom transfer mechanism are taking place.

In this work, visible-light irradiation of highly-photo-labile corrole-manganese(IV) bromates and chlorates was studied in two corrole systems with differing electronic environments, i.e. 5,10,15-trisphenylcorrole (H3TPC) and 5,10,15- tris(pentafluorophenyl)corrole (H3TPFC). In ...


Molecular Assembly Of Monolayer-Protected Gold Nanoparticles And Their Chemical, Thermal, And Ultrasonic Stabilities, Steven Ray Isaacs 2018 Western Kentucky University

Molecular Assembly Of Monolayer-Protected Gold Nanoparticles And Their Chemical, Thermal, And Ultrasonic Stabilities, Steven Ray Isaacs

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Gold monolayer-protected nanoclusters (MPCs) with average diameters of 1-5 nm protected by alkane- and arenethiolates were synthesized. Mixed-monolayer protected nanoparticles (MMPCs) were prepared by functionalizing hexanethiolate-protected MPCs with either 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid (MUA-MMPC), 11-mercaptoundecanol (MUO-MMPC), or 4-aminothiophenol (ATP-MMPC) using ligand place exchange. Presentation of various chemical reagents such as nucleophile, acid, or base and change in physical environment through ultrasonic and thermal irradiation resulted in changes to particles and their physical properties. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was used to measure maximum temperature of the derivated thermogravimetric peaks (Tmax,DTG) as a means of comparing temperature dependence of mass loss. The absorption spectrum ...


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