Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Materials Chemistry Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

938 Full-Text Articles 1675 Authors 147195 Downloads 70 Institutions

All Articles in Materials Chemistry

Faceted Search

938 full-text articles. Page 1 of 31.

Correlation Of Polymer Performance And Hansen Solubility Parameters, Daniel Jobse Mania 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Correlation Of Polymer Performance And Hansen Solubility Parameters, Daniel Jobse Mania

Master's Theses

Ready-to-use (RTU) grout is becoming more important to the finish and remodeling construction industry. Market research shows it is a fast-growing product that not only is creating its own space, but is beginning to supplant existing technology.

The original intent of this research was to investigate formulation parameters and how they affect grout performance. It was learned that particle size and oil absorption (OA) value are important filler properties that affect performance as much as adequate packing density and optimal pigment volume concentration (PVC) without going beyond critical PVC (CPVC).

Polymer architecture was also determined to be extremely important, but ...


Dnp-Enhanced Ultrawideline Solid-State Nmr Spectroscopy: Studies Of Platinum In Metal–Organic Frameworks, Takeshi Kobayashi, Frédéric A. Perras, Tian Wei Goh, Tanner L. Metz, Wenyu Huang, Marek Pruski 2016 Iowa State University

Dnp-Enhanced Ultrawideline Solid-State Nmr Spectroscopy: Studies Of Platinum In Metal–Organic Frameworks, Takeshi Kobayashi, Frédéric A. Perras, Tian Wei Goh, Tanner L. Metz, Wenyu Huang, Marek Pruski

Wenyu Huang

Ultrawideline dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP)-enhanced 195Pt solid-state NMR (SSNMR) spectroscopy and theoretical calculations are used to determine the coordination of atomic Pt species supported within the pores of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs). The 195Pt SSNMR spectra, with breadths reaching 10 000 ppm, were obtained by combining DNP with broadbanded cross-polarization and CPMG acquisition. Although the DNP enhancements in static samples are lower than those typically observed under magic-angle spinning conditions, the presented measurements would be very challenging using the conventional SSNMR methods. The DNP-enhanced ultrawideline NMR spectra served to separate signals from cis- and trans-coordinated atomic Pt ...


A Ship-In-A-Bottle Strategy To Synthesize Encapsulated Intermetallic Nanoparticle Catalysts: Exemplified For Furfural Hydrogenation, Raghu V. Maligal-Ganesh, Chaoxian Xiao, Tian Wei Goh, Lin-Lin Wang, Jeffrey Gustafson, Yuchen Pei, Zhiyuan Qi, Duane D. Johnson, Shiran Zhang, Franklin Feng Tao, Wenyu Huang 2016 Iowa State University

A Ship-In-A-Bottle Strategy To Synthesize Encapsulated Intermetallic Nanoparticle Catalysts: Exemplified For Furfural Hydrogenation, Raghu V. Maligal-Ganesh, Chaoxian Xiao, Tian Wei Goh, Lin-Lin Wang, Jeffrey Gustafson, Yuchen Pei, Zhiyuan Qi, Duane D. Johnson, Shiran Zhang, Franklin Feng Tao, Wenyu Huang

Wenyu Huang

Intermetallic compounds are garnering increasing attention as efficient catalysts for improved selectivity in chemical processes. Here, using a ship-in-a-bottle strategy, we synthesize single-phase platinum-based intermetallic nanoparticles (NPs) protected by a mesoporous silica (mSiO2) shell by heterogeneous reduction and nucleation of Sn, Pb, or Zn in mSiO2-encapsulated Pt NPs. For selective hydrogenation of furfural to furfuryl alcohol, a dramatic increase in activity and selectivity is observed when intermetallic NPs catalysts are used in comparison to Pt@mSiO2. Among the intermetallic NPs, PtSn@mSiO2 exhibits the best performance, requiring only one-tenth of the quantity of Pt used ...


Controlling Catalytic Properties Of Pd Nanoclusters Through Their Chemical Environment At The Atomic Level Using Isoreticular Metal–Organic Frameworks, Xinle Li, Tian Wei Goh, Lei Li, Zhiyong Guo, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Wenyu Huang 2016 Iowa State University

Controlling Catalytic Properties Of Pd Nanoclusters Through Their Chemical Environment At The Atomic Level Using Isoreticular Metal–Organic Frameworks, Xinle Li, Tian Wei Goh, Lei Li, Zhiyong Guo, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Wenyu Huang

Wenyu Huang

Control of heterogeneous catalytic sites through their surrounding chemical environment at an atomic level is crucial to catalyst design. We synthesize Pd nanoclusters (NCs) in an atomically tunable chemical environment using isoreticular metal–organic framework (MOF) supports (Pd@UiO-66-X, X = H, NH2, OMe). In an aerobic reaction between benzaldehyde and ethylene glycol, these catalysts show product distributions that are completely altered from the acetal to the ester when we change the functional groups on the MOF linkers from −NH2 to −H/–OMe. Diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS) studies, along with density functional theory (DFT) calculations, show ...


Conversion Of Levulinic Acid To Γ-Valerolactone Over Few-Layer Graphene-Supported Ruthenium Catalysts, Chaoxian Xiao, Tian Wei Goh, Zhiyuan Qi, Shannon Goes, Kyle Brashler, Christopher Perez, Wenyu Huang 2016 Iowa State University

Conversion Of Levulinic Acid To Γ-Valerolactone Over Few-Layer Graphene-Supported Ruthenium Catalysts, Chaoxian Xiao, Tian Wei Goh, Zhiyuan Qi, Shannon Goes, Kyle Brashler, Christopher Perez, Wenyu Huang

Wenyu Huang

Few-layer graphene (FLG) supported ruthenium nanoparticle catalysts were synthesized and used for the hydrogenation of levulinic acid (LA), one of the “top 10” biomass platform molecules derived from carbohydrates. FLG-supported ruthenium catalyst showed 99.7% conversion and 100% selectivity toward γ-valerolactone (GVL) at room temperature in a batch reactor under high-pressure hydrogen. This catalyst showed 4 times higher activity and exceptional stability in comparison with traditional activated carbon supported ruthenium catalysts (Ru/C). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) studies suggest that the superior catalytic properties of Ru nanoparticles supported on FLG in LA hydrogenation could ...


Synthesis And Applications Of Lanthanide Sulfides And Oxides, Christopher Marin 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Synthesis And Applications Of Lanthanide Sulfides And Oxides, Christopher Marin

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

This dissertation focuses on two of the key fields where lanthanides find ready application: as optically active materials with a focus on the lanthanide sulfides, and as catalytic materials with a focus on cerium oxide.

The lanthanide sulfides have attracted considerable interest for their potential as solar energy conversion materials, pigments, infrared window materials, and phosphor host media. However, applications of these materials remain limited due to their synthetic difficulty along with their not well understood properties compounded by both their difficulty in manufacturing as well as in simulating largely due to the need to take into account f-shell electrons ...


The Corrosion Of Carbon Steel Under Deep Geologic Nuclear Waste Disposal Conditions, Shannon L.W. Hill 2016 The University of Western Ontario

The Corrosion Of Carbon Steel Under Deep Geologic Nuclear Waste Disposal Conditions, Shannon L.W. Hill

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The proposed disposal scenario for high-level nuclear waste (spent fuel) in Canada is emplacement within a sealed, deep geological repository (DGR) located in either granitic rock or sedimentary clay. Disposal is based on a multi-barrier approach, with the primary barrier being a sealed container which could be either dual-walled with a copper shell over an inner carbon steel vessel for granitic rock or a single thick-walled steel container for sedimentary clay. This study focuses on the corrosion behaviour of A516 Gr70 carbon steel as well as the corrosion products formed in a variety of groundwater compositions and concentrations expected within ...


Metal Assisted Chemical Etching, Inayat Bajwa 2016 Quattrone Nanofabrication Facility

Metal Assisted Chemical Etching, Inayat Bajwa

Protocols and Reports

No abstract provided.


Enhanced Adhesion Of Superhydrophobic Zno Surface, liqiu zheng Dr., Chan Kwaichow B. 2016 Albany State University

Enhanced Adhesion Of Superhydrophobic Zno Surface, Liqiu Zheng Dr., Chan Kwaichow B.

Georgia Journal of Science

The superhydrophobicity and the strong solid-liquid adhesion of the dually structured ZnO surface are attributed to the suitable size of microstructure and nanostructure. This phenomenon, so different from the Lotus effect, can be called the Petal effect— the super hydrophobicity and the enhanced solid-liquid adhesion coexist on the same surface. The Cassie impregnating model was proposed to understand the underlying reason.


Measuring Accuracy Of Two 3d Printing Materials, Mudassir Ali 2016 Bowling Green State University

Measuring Accuracy Of Two 3d Printing Materials, Mudassir Ali

Master of Technology Management Plan II Graduate Projects

Part accuracy is one of the important aspect in the manufacturing industry. The overall inaccuracy of the parts being built by RP technology has been one of the major challenges that need to be overcome. Though all the printing materials come with specifications, but the suppliers and manufactures does not specify the accuracy of the materials. In this study we established a study which compares the accuracy of the materials in consideration and performed an experiment to establish the superiority of a material in terms of accuracy over each other. The purpose of this project was to compare the dimensional ...


Syntheses And Investigations Of Photo And Radioluminescent Stilbene- And Anthracene- Based Lanthanide Metal-Organic Frameworks, Stephan Roy Mathis II 2016 Clark Atlanta University

Syntheses And Investigations Of Photo And Radioluminescent Stilbene- And Anthracene- Based Lanthanide Metal-Organic Frameworks, Stephan Roy Mathis Ii

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

This research explores the synthesis of anthracene and stilbene-based metal-organic framework (MOF) structures as potential scintillating (radioluminescent) materials for use in the detection of gamma radiation. The organic molecules 9,10-anthracenedicarboxylic acid (ADCH2) and trans-4,4’-stilbenedicarboxylic acid (SDCH2), were each used as a linker, in combination with a range of lanthanide metal ions, to synthesize novel three dimensional MOF structures under hydrothermal conditions. With ADCH2, the early period lanthanides yield isostructures with the metal ion in higher coordination (nine) than for those with late period metals (seven). The ADC-MOFs show linker-based photoluminescence properties with well ...


Immobilization Of Heteropolyacids In Silica Gel, Opeyemi Adetola 2016 East Tennessee State University

Immobilization Of Heteropolyacids In Silica Gel, Opeyemi Adetola

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Silica gels containing incorporated heteropolyacids (HPAs) were synthesized in acidic media by co-condensation of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) with phosphotungstic or phosphomolybdic acids using sol-gel technique. Effect of the synthesis conditions on their structure and morphology was studied. Yields of modified materials were some lower as compared to non-modified silica gels. All materials were mesoporous but contained micropores in their structures. Presence of bands of Keggin’s structures in FT-IR spectra along with absence of XRD patterns of crystalline HPAs confirmed their fine incorporation into silica network. Particle sizes of modified materials were 800-1100 nm excepting for W-containing sample obtained with trimethylstearylammonium ...


The Evaluation And Implementation Of Magnetic Fields For Large Strain Uniaxial And Biaxial Cyclic Testing Of Magnetorheological Elastomers., Dave Gorman, Niall Murphy, Ray Ekins, Steve Jerrams 2016 School of Manufacturing and Design Engineering, Dublin Institute of Technology

The Evaluation And Implementation Of Magnetic Fields For Large Strain Uniaxial And Biaxial Cyclic Testing Of Magnetorheological Elastomers., Dave Gorman, Niall Murphy, Ray Ekins, Steve Jerrams

Articles

Magnetorheological Elastomers (MREs) are “smart” materials whose physical properties are altered by the application of magnetic fields. In previous studies the properties of MREs have been evaluated under a variety of conditions, however little attention has been paid to the recording and reporting of the magnetic fields used in these tests [1]. Currently there is no standard accepted method for specifying the magnetic field applied during MRE testing. This study presents a detailed map of a magnetic field applied during MRE tests as well as providing the first comparative results for uniaxial and biaxial testing under high strain fatigue test ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Interpenetrating Polymer Networks For Applications In Extraterrestrial Radiation Shielding, Josiah Arevalo Hammack 2016 College of William and Mary

Synthesis And Characterization Of Interpenetrating Polymer Networks For Applications In Extraterrestrial Radiation Shielding, Josiah Arevalo Hammack

College of William & Mary Undergraduate Honors Theses

During interplanetary voyages spacecraft are exposed to a variety of ionizing radiations, including high intensity electromagnetic radiation and galactic cosmic rays, creating conditions that are harmful to both instrumentation and human passengers. Current shielding methods offer a degree of protection, but they are not suitable for long term missions or for habitation on extraterrestrial environments, and traditional terrestrial shields are too heavy to be carried on these missions. Organic polymers offer a versatile, lightweight solution to many of the difficulties in shielding, however they also present difficulties establishing a sufficiently high hydrogen content while maintaining high mechanical and thermal stability ...


Improving And Understanding Inter-Filament Bonding In 3d-Printed Polymers, Madeline S. Stark 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Improving And Understanding Inter-Filament Bonding In 3d-Printed Polymers, Madeline S. Stark

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Curing Of Polymer Thermosets Via Click Reactions, Mark Richard Brei 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Curing Of Polymer Thermosets Via Click Reactions, Mark Richard Brei

Dissertations

In the first project, an azide functional resin and tetra propargyl aromatic diamines were fabricated for use as a composite matrix. These systems take already established epoxy/amine matrices and functionalize them with click moieties. This allows lower temperatures to be used in the production of a thermoset part. These new systems yield many better mechanical properties than their epoxy/amine derivatives, but their Tgs are low in comparison.

The second project investigates the characterization of a linear system based off of the above azide functional resin and a difunctional alkyne. Through selectively choosing catalyst the linear system ...


Synthesis And Electrochemiluminescence Of Thiophene Substituted Benzosiloles, Tyler J. B. Day 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Synthesis And Electrochemiluminescence Of Thiophene Substituted Benzosiloles, Tyler J. B. Day

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

There has been increasing interest in the synthesis of siloles over the past 20 years due to their applications as chemoselective sensors and light emitting diodes. The standard synthesis of siloles involves a one-pot reductive cyclization followed by Negishi cross-coupling, which was modified by the Pagenkopf group to allow the synthesis of dissymmetric siloles. This modified synthesis allows siloles to be tuned to improve their fluorescent properties via varying substituents on the silole. This culminated in the synthesis of a series of 2,5-bis(thiophene)siloles with bulky silyl substituents that displayed excellent electrochemiluminescent properties.

In the past decade there ...


Photocatalytic Properties Of G-C3n4–Tio2 Heterojunctions Under Uv And Visible Light Conditions, Rachel Fagan, Declan E. McCormack, Steven J. Hinder, Suresh Pillai 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

Photocatalytic Properties Of G-C3n4–Tio2 Heterojunctions Under Uv And Visible Light Conditions, Rachel Fagan, Declan E. Mccormack, Steven J. Hinder, Suresh Pillai

Articles

Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) were chosen as a model system to investigate photocatalytic abilities of heterojunction system under UV and visible light conditions. The use of g-C3N4 has been shown to be effective in the reduction in recombination through the interaction between the two interfaces of TiO2 andg-C3N4. A simple method of preparing g-C3N4 through the pyrolysis of melamine was employed, which was then added to undoped TiO2 material to form the g-C3N4–TiO2 system. These materials were then fully characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer Emmett Teller (BET), and various spectroscopic techniques including Raman, X-ray ...


Optimizing Chemical & Rheological Properties Of Rejuvenated Bitumen, Dominic Nguyen, Hamzeh Haghshenas Fatmehsari, Santosh Kommidi, Yong-Rak Kim 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Optimizing Chemical & Rheological Properties Of Rejuvenated Bitumen, Dominic Nguyen, Hamzeh Haghshenas Fatmehsari, Santosh Kommidi, Yong-Rak Kim

Civil Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Bitumen has long been a material used in the construction of roadways, yet new pavement only consists of low fractions of recycled materials due to poor compatibility of aged bitumen and new materials. Thus, rejuvenators, chemical additives, have been used in an attempt to re-balance the chemical composition and restore the physical properties of aged bitumen back to its virgin state. A fundamental understanding of how one particular rejuvenator, soybean oil, revitalizes bitumen was investigated using a multi-scale approach.

Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to determine the changes in chemical properties of pure and rejuvenated virgin and aged samples ...


Biodegradable Copolymers Made With Magnesium Complexes, Reile M. Slattery, Joseph M. Fritsch 2016 Pepperdine University

Biodegradable Copolymers Made With Magnesium Complexes, Reile M. Slattery, Joseph M. Fritsch

Seaver College Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium

In this study, a bis-ligated magnesium complex was used to initiate the ring opening copolymerization of L-lactide (L-LA) and ϵ-caprolatone (ϵCL) and the isolated polymeric materials were characterized with NMR spectroscopy. First, the simultaneous feeding of both monomers resulted in the synthesis of homopolymer poly-lactic acid (PLA). Polymerization experiments with sequential addition of L-LA and ϵCL yielded surprising results. The ring opening polymerization of ϵCL yielded poly-caprolactone (PCL) which with the addition of L-LA yielded a di-block copolymer of PCL and PLA. The presence of the two homopolymer blocks in the copolymer was identified with 13C NMR where ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress