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The Reveal: A Technical Study And Conservation Treatment Of An Overpaint Portrait, Camille Ferrer 2024 SUNY University at Buffalo

The Reveal: A Technical Study And Conservation Treatment Of An Overpaint Portrait, Camille Ferrer

Art Conservation Master's Projects

A severely damaged 19th-century oil painting depicting a portrait of a woman was treated at Patricia H. and E. Garman Art Conservation Department. A typed letter provided by the owner mentioned that it has been previously restored yet returned with unsatisfactory results. After further examination, the painting appeared to have been previously treated multiple times by different people. There was overpaint distinctly present on the face and later discovered to be present overall. The full state of condition of the painting was initially unknown due to the sum of the surface being overpainted. However, there were evidence of paint loss …


Recent Advances In Solar Photo(Electro)Catalytic Nitrogen Fixation, Jun-Bo Ma, Sheng Lin, Zhiqun Lin, Lan Sun, Chang-Jian Lin 2024 State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, Department of Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, Fujian, China

Recent Advances In Solar Photo(Electro)Catalytic Nitrogen Fixation, Jun-Bo Ma, Sheng Lin, Zhiqun Lin, Lan Sun, Chang-Jian Lin

Journal of Electrochemistry

Ammonia (NH3) is an essential chemical in modern society. It is currently produced in industry by the Haber-Bosch process using H2 and N2 as reactants in the presence of iron-based catalysts at high-temperature (400–600 oC) and extremely highpressure (20–40 MPa) conditions. However, its efficiency is limited to 10% to 15%. At the same time, a large amount of energy is consumed, and CO2 emission is inevitably. The development of a sustainable, clean, and environmentally friendly energy system represents a key strategy to address energy crisis and environmental pollution, ultimately aiming to achieve carbon neutrality. …


Synthesis, Molecular Characteristics, And Antibacterial Assessment Of Marine Hydroid Aqueous Extract-Based Silver Bio-Nanoparticles, Fredryk Mandey, Aulia Rhamdani Arfan, Rugaiyah Andi Arfah 2024 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Hasanuddin, Sulawesi Selatan 90245, Indonesia

Synthesis, Molecular Characteristics, And Antibacterial Assessment Of Marine Hydroid Aqueous Extract-Based Silver Bio-Nanoparticles, Fredryk Mandey, Aulia Rhamdani Arfan, Rugaiyah Andi Arfah

Makara Journal of Science

This investigation aims to synthesize, analyze the molecularity, and test the ability of bacterial inhibition capability of silver nanoparticles that have been synthesized by simply mixing silver nitrate and aqueous extracts of marine natural products with and without the addition of amylum as a stabilizing agent. This research, with and without the addition of amylum as a stabilizing agent, obtained 39.0 and 55.2 mg of solids of round-shaped morphology silver nanoparticles with diameters of 87.9 and 103.0 nm., respectively. In addition, the antibacterial testing assay against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli showed some considerably good results. S. aureus with the …


Micropatterning And Functionalization Of Single Layer Graphene: Tuning Its Electron Transport Properties, Miao-Miao Cui, Lian-Huan Han, Lan-Ping Zeng, Jia-Yao Guo, Wei-Ying Song, Chuan Liu, Yuan-Fei Wu, Shi-Yi Luo, Yun-Hua Liu, Dong-Ping Zhan 2024 Department of Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering; State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces (PCOSS); Engineering Research Center of Electrochemical Technologies of Ministry of Education; Xiamen University; Xiamen 361005, China

Micropatterning And Functionalization Of Single Layer Graphene: Tuning Its Electron Transport Properties, Miao-Miao Cui, Lian-Huan Han, Lan-Ping Zeng, Jia-Yao Guo, Wei-Ying Song, Chuan Liu, Yuan-Fei Wu, Shi-Yi Luo, Yun-Hua Liu, Dong-Ping Zhan

Journal of Electrochemistry

As a promising 2D material, graphene exhibits excellent physical properties including single-atom-scale thickness and remarkably high charge carrier mobility. However, its semi-metallic nature with a zero bandgap poses challenges for its application in high-performance field-effect transistors (FETs). In order to overcome these limitations, various approaches have been explored to modulate graphene's bandgap, including nanoscale confinement, external field induction, doping, and chemical micropatterning. Nevertheless, the stability and controllability still need to be improved. In this study, we propose a feasible method that combines electrochemical bromination and photolithography to precisely tune the electron transport properties of single layer graphene (SLG). Through this …


Combination Nanomedicines For Cancer Therapy, Noureen Siraj 2024 Ouachita Baptist University

Combination Nanomedicines For Cancer Therapy, Noureen Siraj

Arkansas Women in STEM Conference

Nanomedicines derived from combination ionic nanomaterials (INMs) offer synergistic therapy for effective treatment of cancer. This approach addresses the limitations of conventional treatment options and offers active targeting of tumors due to EPR effect


New Ways To Improve Dispersibility Of Nanotubes: Approaching From The Formation Of Silicon Nanoparticles By High Energy Reactive Ball Milling (Herbm) In Polar Solvents, Julie P. Vanegas, Yolanda V. Gutierrez, Joaquin Rivera, Juan García Jr. 2024 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

New Ways To Improve Dispersibility Of Nanotubes: Approaching From The Formation Of Silicon Nanoparticles By High Energy Reactive Ball Milling (Herbm) In Polar Solvents, Julie P. Vanegas, Yolanda V. Gutierrez, Joaquin Rivera, Juan García Jr.

Research Symposium

Background: This research aims to synthesize stable silicon nanoparticles using different molar ratios of N-Cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone (CHP) and Silicon to demonstrate if there is any significance towards the production of effective nanotubes. To determine this, the synthesized nanoparticles will be characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV visible absorption spectroscopy, and photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL).

Methods: 50 Mg of silicon wafer are added with differing ratios of ligand (CHP), 5mL of water, and 3 steel iron balls into a ball milling vial. Vials are then placed into a ball milling apparatus for 7 cycles or 3.5 hours. Once the cycles are complete, …


Highly Efficient Dopamine Sensing With A Carbon Nanotube-Encapsulated Metal Chalcogenide Nanostructure, Harish Singh, Jiandong Wu, Kurt A.L. Lagemann, Manashi Nath 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Highly Efficient Dopamine Sensing With A Carbon Nanotube-Encapsulated Metal Chalcogenide Nanostructure, Harish Singh, Jiandong Wu, Kurt A.L. Lagemann, Manashi Nath

Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Carbon nanotube-encapsulated nickel selenide composite nanostructures were used as nonenzymatic electrochemical sensors for dopamine detection. These composite nanostructures were synthesized through a simple, one-step, and environmentally friendly chemical vapor deposition method, wherein the CNTs were formed in situ from pyrolysis of a carbon-rich metallo-organic precursor. The composition and morphology of these hybrid NiSe2-filled carbon nanostructures were confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction, Raman, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy images. Electrochemical tests demonstrated that the as-synthesized hybrid nanostructures exhibited outstanding electrocatalytic performance toward dopamine oxidation, with a high sensitivity of 19.62 μA μM-1 cm-2, low detection limit, broad linear …


Joint Time-Frequency Analysis: Taking Charge Penetration Depth And Current Spatial Distribution In The Single Pore As An Example, Nan Wang, Qiu-An Huang, Wei-Heng Li, Yu-Xuan Bai, Jiu-Jun Zhang 2024 Institute for Sustainable Energy/College of Science, Shanghai University, Shanghai 201800, China

Joint Time-Frequency Analysis: Taking Charge Penetration Depth And Current Spatial Distribution In The Single Pore As An Example, Nan Wang, Qiu-An Huang, Wei-Heng Li, Yu-Xuan Bai, Jiu-Jun Zhang

Journal of Electrochemistry

In recent years, joint time-frequency analysis has once again become a research hotspot. Supercapacitors have high power density and long service life, however, in order to balance between power density and energy density, two key factors need to be considered: (i) the specific surface area of the porous matrix; (ii) the electrolyte accessibility to the intra-pore space of porous carbon matrix. Electrochemical impedance spectra are extensively used to investigate charge penetration ratio and charge storage mechanism in the porous electrode for capacitance energy storage. Furthermore, similar results could be obtained by different methods such as stable-state analysis in the frequency …


Measurements Of Rate Constant For Electrode Reactions, Lian-Huan Han, Jia-Yao Guo, Miao-Miao Cui 2024 Department of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Pen-Tung Sah Institute of Micro-Nano Science and Technology, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, Fujian, China

Measurements Of Rate Constant For Electrode Reactions, Lian-Huan Han, Jia-Yao Guo, Miao-Miao Cui

Journal of Electrochemistry

Standard electron-transfer rate constant is one of the intrinsic properties for an electrochemical reaction, which is significant in the study of electrode kinetics. It is a key criterion for one to clarify the mechanism and pathway of a specific electrochemical reaction, and to screening and design the electrocatalysts and battery materials. Herein, we will introduce the measuring methods of rate constant for electrode reactions, including polarization curve, rotating disk electrode, ultramicroelectrode, scanning electrochemical microscopy, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, current step, potential step and cyclic voltammetry, etc., to provide a guide to investigate electrode kinetics for graduate students and researchers in the …


Automated Workflow For Redox Potentials And Acidity Constants Calculations From Machine Learning Molecular Dynamics, Feng Wang, Jun Cheng 2024 aState Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, Xiamen 361005, Fujian, China

Automated Workflow For Redox Potentials And Acidity Constants Calculations From Machine Learning Molecular Dynamics, Feng Wang, Jun Cheng

Journal of Electrochemistry

Redox potentials and acidity constants are key properties for evaluating the performance of energy materials. To achieve computational design of new generation of energy materials with higher performances, computing redox potentials and acidity constants with computational chemistry have attracted lots of attention. However, many works are done by using implicit solvation models, which is difficult to be applied to complex solvation environments due to hard parameterization. Recently, ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) has been applied to investigate real electrolytes with complex solvation. Furthermore, AIMD based free energy calculation methods have been established to calculate these physical chemical properties accurately. However, …


Mesoporous Re0.5ce0.5o2-X Fluorite Electrocatalysts For The Oxygen Evolution Reaction, Sreya Paladugu, Ibrahim Munkaila Abdullahi, Harish Singh, Sam Spinuzzi, Manashi Nath, Katharine Page 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Mesoporous Re0.5ce0.5o2-X Fluorite Electrocatalysts For The Oxygen Evolution Reaction, Sreya Paladugu, Ibrahim Munkaila Abdullahi, Harish Singh, Sam Spinuzzi, Manashi Nath, Katharine Page

Chemistry Faculty Research & Creative Works

Developing highly active and stable electrocatalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is key to improving the efficiency and practical application of various sustainable energy technologies including water electrolysis, CO2 reduction, and metal air batteries. Here, we use evaporation-induced self-assembly (EISA) to synthesize highly porous fluorite nanocatalysts with a high surface area. In this study, we demonstrate that a 50% rare-earth cation substitution for Ce in the CeO2 fluorite lattice improves the OER activity and stability by introducing oxygen vacancies into the host lattice, which results in a decrease in the adsorption energy of the OH* intermediate in …


Rational Design Of Peptide-Based Materials Informed By Multiscale Molecular Dynamics Simulations, Dhwanit Rahul Dave 2024 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Rational Design Of Peptide-Based Materials Informed By Multiscale Molecular Dynamics Simulations, Dhwanit Rahul Dave

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The challenge of establishing a sustainable and circular economy for materials in medicine and technology necessitates bioinspired design. Nature's intricate machinery, forged through evolution, relies on a finite set of biomolecular building blocks with through-bond and through-space interactions. Repurposing these molecular building blocks requires a seamless integration of computational modeling, design, and experimental validation. The tools and concepts developed in this thesis pioneer new directions in peptide-materials design, grounded in fundamental principles of physical chemistry. We present a synergistic approach that integrates experimental designs and computational methods, specifically molecular dynamics simulations, to gain in-depth molecular insights crucial for advancing the …


The Top Ten Scientific Questions In Electrochemistry, Chinese Society of Electrochemistry 2024 Chinese Chemical Society | Xiamen University

The Top Ten Scientific Questions In Electrochemistry, Chinese Society Of Electrochemistry

Journal of Electrochemistry

No abstract provided.


Rational Design Of Heterostructured Nanomaterials For Accelerating Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution Reaction Kinetics In Alkaline Media, Hai-Bin Ma, Xiao-Yan Zhou, Jia-Yi Li, Hong-Fei Cheng, Ji-Wei Ma 2024 Shanghai Key Laboratory for R&D and Application of Metallic Functional Materials, Institute of New Energy for Vehicles, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 201804, China

Rational Design Of Heterostructured Nanomaterials For Accelerating Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution Reaction Kinetics In Alkaline Media, Hai-Bin Ma, Xiao-Yan Zhou, Jia-Yi Li, Hong-Fei Cheng, Ji-Wei Ma

Journal of Electrochemistry

Owing to the merits of high energy density, as well as clean and sustainable properties, hydrogen has been deemed to be a prominent alternative energy to traditional fossil fuels. Electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) has been considered to be mostly promising for achieving green hydrogen production, and has been widely studied in acidic and alkaline solutions. In particular, HER in alkaline media has high potential to achieve large-scale hydrogen production because of the increased durability of electrode materials. However, for the currently most prominent catalyst Pt, its HER kinetics in an alkaline solution is generally 2–3 orders lower than that …


Stability Of A Solid Oxide Cell Stack Under Direct Internal-Reforming Of Hydrogen-Blended Methane, Ya-Fei Tang, An-Qi Wu, Bei-Bei Han, Hua Liu, Shan-Jun Bao, Wang-Lin Lin, Ming Chen, Wan-Bing Guan, Subhash C. Singhal 2024 Key Laboratory of Advanced Fuel Cells and Electrolyzers cell Technology of Zhejiang Province, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo 315201, Zhejiang, China

Stability Of A Solid Oxide Cell Stack Under Direct Internal-Reforming Of Hydrogen-Blended Methane, Ya-Fei Tang, An-Qi Wu, Bei-Bei Han, Hua Liu, Shan-Jun Bao, Wang-Lin Lin, Ming Chen, Wan-Bing Guan, Subhash C. Singhal

Journal of Electrochemistry

In this work, the long-term stability and degradation mechanism of a direct internal-reforming solid oxide fuel cell stack (IR-SOFC stack) using hydrogen-blended methane steam reforming were investigated. An overall degradation rate of 2.3%·kh–1 was found after the stack was operated for 3000 hours, indicating a good long-term stability. However, the voltages of the two cells in the stack were increased at the rates of 3.38 mV·kh–1 and 3.78 mV·kh–1, while the area specific resistances of the three metal interconnects in the stack were increased to 0.276 Ω·cm2, 0.254 Ω·cm2 and 0.249 Ω·cm2 …


Monodispersed Cu-Tcpp/Cu2O Hybrid Microspheres: A Superior Cascade Electrocatalyst Toward Co2 Reduction To C2 Products, Zi-Xuan Wan, Aidar Kuchkaev, Dmitry Yakhvarov, Xiong-Wu Kang 2024 New Energy Research Institute, School of Environment and Energy, South China University of Technology, Higher Education Mega Center, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, China

Monodispersed Cu-Tcpp/Cu2O Hybrid Microspheres: A Superior Cascade Electrocatalyst Toward Co2 Reduction To C2 Products, Zi-Xuan Wan, Aidar Kuchkaev, Dmitry Yakhvarov, Xiong-Wu Kang

Journal of Electrochemistry

The electrochemical conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) into valuable chemicals is a feasible way to mitigate the negative impacts of overmuch CO2 emissions. Porphyrin-based metal organic frameworks (MOFs) are expected to be used for selective and efficient electrochemical CO2 reduction (ECR) with porous structure and ordered active sites. Herein, we report the synthesis of a monodispersed and spherical organic/inorganic hybrid Cu-TCPP@Cu2O electrocatalyst composed of Cu-TCPP (TCPP=tetrakis (4-carboxyphenyl) porphyrin) and Cu2O, where TCPP plays significant roles in regulating the morphology. In-situ formed Cu during ECR process in combination with Cu-TCPP (Cu-TCPP@Cu) can suppress …


Analyzing Novel Metal Alloys For Glucose Sensing And Electrocatalysis, Anna Grace Boddy 2024 Rowan University

Analyzing Novel Metal Alloys For Glucose Sensing And Electrocatalysis, Anna Grace Boddy

Theses and Dissertations

In pharmaceutical and medicinal chemistry, metals and metal alloys often receive less attention compared to biological or organic compounds due to many factors including toxicity in the body for drug development or the cost of these metals. However, metals can play an important role in pharmaceuticals, having an impact on original cancer drugs, such as platinum used for head and neck tumors. Electrocatalysis is also another topic that receives less attention over topics such as chromatography in pharmaceuticals due to its potential toxic catalysts and voltages that could be harmful to the body. Electrocatalytic sensors can play an important role …


Quaternary Rare-Earth Oxyselenides Re4ga2se7o2 (Re = Pr, Nd) With Trigonal Bipyramidal Gase5 Units: Evaluation Of Optical, Thermoelectric, And Electrocatalytic Properties, Vidyanshu Mishra, Ibrahim Munkaila Abdullahi, Dundappa Mumbaraddi, Mohammed Jomaa, Louis Guérin, Manashi Nath, Arthur Mar 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Quaternary Rare-Earth Oxyselenides Re4ga2se7o2 (Re = Pr, Nd) With Trigonal Bipyramidal Gase5 Units: Evaluation Of Optical, Thermoelectric, And Electrocatalytic Properties, Vidyanshu Mishra, Ibrahim Munkaila Abdullahi, Dundappa Mumbaraddi, Mohammed Jomaa, Louis Guérin, Manashi Nath, Arthur Mar

Chemistry Faculty Research & Creative Works

Phase-pure samples and single crystals of the rare-earth oxyselenides RE4Ga2Se7O2 (RE = Pr, Nd) were prepared by reactions at 950 °C. They adopt a new structure type (orthorhombic, space group Pnma, a = 11.721(2)-11.683(2) Å, b = 3.9882(7)-3.9667(7) Å, c = 29.644(5)-29.581(5) Å, Z = 4) consisting of RESe6 trigonal prisms, GaSe4 tetrahedra, and GaSe5 trigonal bipyramids linked to form corrugated layers between which strips of edge-sharing RE4O tetrahedra are inserted. The bonding character is mostly ionic within RE-O and RE-Se blocks but mostly covalent with Ga-Se blocks, …


Data For Dopant-Induced Energetic Disorder In Conjugated Polymers: Determinant Roles Of Polymer-Dopant Distance And Composite Electronic Structures, Michael Lu Diaz, Muhamed Duhandzic, Simon Harrity, Subhayan Samanta, Zlatan Aksamija, Dhandapani Venkataraman 2024 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Data For Dopant-Induced Energetic Disorder In Conjugated Polymers: Determinant Roles Of Polymer-Dopant Distance And Composite Electronic Structures, Michael Lu Diaz, Muhamed Duhandzic, Simon Harrity, Subhayan Samanta, Zlatan Aksamija, Dhandapani Venkataraman

Data and Datasets

The data here is the raw data for Figures in the publication "Dopant-Induced Energetic Disorder in Conjugated Polymers: Determinant Roles of Polymer−Dopant Distance and Composite Electronic Structures" In the Journal of Physical Chemistry C. (https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.3c07197)


Tailored (La0.2pr0.2nd0.2tb0.2dy0.2)2ce2o7 As A Highly Active And Stable Nanocatalyst For The Oxygen Evolution Reaction, Sreya Paladugu, Ibrahim Munkaila Abdullahi, Palani Raja Jothi, Bo Jiang, Manashi Nath, Katharine Page 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Tailored (La0.2pr0.2nd0.2tb0.2dy0.2)2ce2o7 As A Highly Active And Stable Nanocatalyst For The Oxygen Evolution Reaction, Sreya Paladugu, Ibrahim Munkaila Abdullahi, Palani Raja Jothi, Bo Jiang, Manashi Nath, Katharine Page

Chemistry Faculty Research & Creative Works

Designing highly active and robust catalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction is key to improving the overall efficiency of the water splitting reaction. It has been previously demonstrated that evaporation induced self-assembly (EISA) can be used to synthesize highly porous and high surface area cerate-based fluorite nano catalysts, and that substitution of Ce with 50% rare earth (RE) cations significantly improves electrocatalyst activity. Herein, the defect structure of the best performing nano catalyst in the series are further explored, Nd2Ce2O7, with a combination of neutron diffraction and neutron pair distribution function analysis. It is …


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