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Carbon Dioxide Capture Potential Of Chitosan-Nanocrystalline Cellulose Aerogel Composite Materials: Synthesis, Functionalization, And Characterization, Victor Oghenekohwo 2023 American University in Cairo

Carbon Dioxide Capture Potential Of Chitosan-Nanocrystalline Cellulose Aerogel Composite Materials: Synthesis, Functionalization, And Characterization, Victor Oghenekohwo

Theses and Dissertations

The carbon dioxide capture technology has been established as an invaluable player in the current global efforts to allay the warming of the planet and climate change. In this connection, the study centers on the valorization of waste organic materials for the application described herein. The sorbents, sourced from a combination of by-products of food processing and agricultural residue waste products, viz. seafood waste and sugarcane bagasse, showed prospects for selective carbon dioxide capture, adsorbing up to 5.78 mg/g of the gas at 273 K and 2.82 mg/g at 298 K, as observed on the Micromeritic ...


Investigating The Electrochemical Behavior Of Dihydropyrrolopyroles For Use As Anodically Coloring Electrochromes, Perry Skiouris, Ally Kisiel, Valentino Sorto, Julia Mauro, Graham Collier 2022 Kennesaw State University

Investigating The Electrochemical Behavior Of Dihydropyrrolopyroles For Use As Anodically Coloring Electrochromes, Perry Skiouris, Ally Kisiel, Valentino Sorto, Julia Mauro, Graham Collier

Symposium of Student Scholars

Electrochromic materials have found widespread use in consumer electronics, energy saving windows, and military applications. They contain unique electronic properties allowing them to undergo a color change in a redox reaction. One classification of these molecules is known as anodically coloring electrochromes (ACEs). When in solution, these compounds are transmissive in the neutral (ground) state and absorb visible light upon oxidation, by the formation of a radical cation, thus making them colored. The focus of this study is the electronic transitions of this radical cation and how chemical modifications to the structures produce a variable color profile. To design prospective ...


Developing Carbon Quantum Dots As A Luminescent Material And Revisiting Ecl And Led Absolute Measurement Methods, Jonathan Ralph Adsetts 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Developing Carbon Quantum Dots As A Luminescent Material And Revisiting Ecl And Led Absolute Measurement Methods, Jonathan Ralph Adsetts

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Luminescent materials play increasingly important roles in our lives. Improvements in these materials’ quantum efficiencies (QEs), costs and toxicity can greatly reduce the power consumption, price and environmental damage to the planet, respectively. Carbon quantum dots (CQDs) and luminescent materials exhibiting thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) are two interesting materials in these aspects. Furthermore, measurements on electrochemiluminescence (ECL) and electroluminescence of these luminescent materials can quickly evaluate their performance for many applications. In this thesis, controlled CQD syntheses are revealed beneficial to luminescent materials applications. Their film ECL demonstrated relatively stable anionic and cationic radicals leading to high emission at ...


Direct Ink 3d Printing Of Porous Carbon Monoliths For Gas Separations, Marisa L. Comroe, Kurt W. Kolasinski, Dipendu Saha 2022 Widener University - Main Campus

Direct Ink 3d Printing Of Porous Carbon Monoliths For Gas Separations, Marisa L. Comroe, Kurt W. Kolasinski, Dipendu Saha

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Additive manufacturing or 3D printing is the advanced method of manufacturing monolithic adsorbent materials. Unlike beads or pellets, 3D monolithic adsorbents possess the advantages of widespread structural varieties, low heat and mass transfer resistance, and low channeling of fluids. Despite a large volume of research on 3D printing of adsorbents having been reported, such studies on porous carbons are highly limited. In this work, we have reported direct ink 3D printing of porous carbon; the ink consisted of commercial activated carbon, a gel of poly(4-vinylphenol) and Pluronic F127 as plasticizer, and bentonite as the binder. The 3D printing was ...


Growth, Optimization, And Characterization Of Topological Insulator Nanostructures By Molecular Beam Epitaxy, Ido Levy 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Growth, Optimization, And Characterization Of Topological Insulator Nanostructures By Molecular Beam Epitaxy, Ido Levy

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Topological insulators (TIs) have been the subject of much research since their discovery in 2009. The unique band structure of the TIs makes them attractive in research of exotic physical phenomena, such as the realization of the quantum anomalous Hall effect, as well as novel applications, including quantum computing, spintronics, and more. From a crystal growth perspective, their van-der-Waals structure also provides new opportunities, for example, by enabling the growth on a large selection of substrates. This thesis presents the growth of three-dimensional TI layers, heterostructures and magnetic TIs by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). First, we show the improvement of ...


Sensitized Photooxidation Of Prenylated Compounds: Mechanisms Of Downstream Dark Effects And Phototoxicity Priming, Shakeela Jabeen 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Sensitized Photooxidation Of Prenylated Compounds: Mechanisms Of Downstream Dark Effects And Phototoxicity Priming, Shakeela Jabeen

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This thesis consists of four chapters as detailed below.

Chapter 1 discusses a singlet oxygen priming mechanism. Airborne singlet oxygen derived from photosensitization of triplet dioxygen is shown to react with an alkene surfactant (8-methylnon-7-ene-1 sulfonate) leading to ‘ene’ hydroperoxides that in the dark inactivate planktonic E. coli. The ‘ene’ hydroperoxide photoproducts are not toxic on their own, but they become toxic after the bacteria are pretreated with singlet oxygen. The total quenching rate constant (kT) of singlet oxygen of the alkene surfactant was measured to be 1.1 × 106 M1 s1 at the air/liquid ...


Engineering Rare-Earth Based Color Centers In Wide Bandgap Semiconductors For Quantum And Nanoscale Applications, Gabriel I. López-Morales 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Engineering Rare-Earth Based Color Centers In Wide Bandgap Semiconductors For Quantum And Nanoscale Applications, Gabriel I. López-Morales

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

For many years, atomic point-defects have been readily used to tune the bulk properties of solid-state crystalline materials, for instance, through the inclusion of elemental impurities (doping) during growth, or post-processing treatments such as ion bombardment or high-energy irradiation. Such atomic point-defects introduce local ‘incompatible’ chemical interactions with the periodic atomic arrangement that makes up the crystal, resulting for example in localized electronic states due to dangling bonds or excess of electrons. When present in sufficient concentrations, the defects interact collectively to alter the overall bulk properties of the host material. In the low concentration limit, however, point-defects can serve ...


Visible Light Photocatalysis Of Organic Reactions In H2o, Sankarsan Biswas 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Visible Light Photocatalysis Of Organic Reactions In H2o, Sankarsan Biswas

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Visible-light photocatalysis in H2O provides an attractive, green alternative to typical organic synthesis, which often involves toxic solvents, metal catalysts, and large energy demands. Hence, there is a growing need for an efficient photocatalytic methods that use either aqueous media as a solvent or can proceed solvent-free. However, commercially available photocatalysts do not work well for aqueous photocatalysis. Supramolecular systems in particular have been explored recently to address these issues associated with aqueous photocatalysis. Chapter 1 will review recent advances in aqueous supramolecular photocatalysis with examples of different supramolecular systems and how they have addressed some of the ...


Fabrication Of Gold Nanoraspberry Arrays By Soft Lithography, Christy Yu-Qing Xie 2022 Western University

Fabrication Of Gold Nanoraspberry Arrays By Soft Lithography, Christy Yu-Qing Xie

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Nanostructures and nanoparticles have garnered increasing interest over the past decade due to their unique properties and applications. These properties include localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) and allow for surface modification. We can tune these properties depending on the nanoparticle’s size, shape, and geometry.

This work aims to fabricate plasmonic platforms through patterning gold nanoparticles (raspberries) by microcontact printing, a simple and cost-effective soft lithography technique. This is done through large-scale patterning using polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) stamps to pattern an adhesion template and spatially guide the adsorption of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs).


Optimization Of The Synthesis Parameters Of Sapo-34, Adam Honchar 2022 Western University

Optimization Of The Synthesis Parameters Of Sapo-34, Adam Honchar

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

A microporous material known as SAPO-34 is a very efficient catalyst in methanol-to-olefins reactions. My project aimed to optimize synthesis parameters of SAPO-34 to reduce crystallization time in order to study the formation mechanism using In-situ NMR spectroscopy. Understanding the crystallization mechanism would allow us to make it more efficient and tailor-made to fit for other applications.


Contact Angle & Electrochemical Measurements Of Metallic Atmospheric Corrosion On Copper And Carbon Steel, Jacob J.M. Bunting, Jiju M. Joseph, Heng-Yong Nie, Samantha M. Gateman 2022 Western University

Contact Angle & Electrochemical Measurements Of Metallic Atmospheric Corrosion On Copper And Carbon Steel, Jacob J.M. Bunting, Jiju M. Joseph, Heng-Yong Nie, Samantha M. Gateman

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Understanding atmospheric corrosion has been incredibly challenging due to the complex interplay between surface microstructures, environmental variables, and electrochemical processes. The methodology presented is being developed to apply to atmospheric corrosion models of metals and other advanced materials by observing the change in contact angle in situ as a function of corrosion parameters. Performed contact angle measurements on two industrially relevant metals (copper and carbon steel) over a 1 min to 30-day time span to track the change in wettability due to the formation of an air-formed oxide layer (aged) as a function of surface roughness.


Driving Piezochromism And Metallicity In Van Der Waals Materials Under Compression, Nathan Harms 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Driving Piezochromism And Metallicity In Van Der Waals Materials Under Compression, Nathan Harms

Doctoral Dissertations

Complex chalcogenides provide an important platform to explore the interplay between structure, charge, and spin across pressure-induced phase transitions. Where much of the previous research has been focused on tuning these materials towards the single-layer limit, we instead explore the modification of bond lengths and bond angles under compression. In the first project we revealed piezochromism in MnPS3. We combined high pressure optical spectroscopy and first-principles calculations to analyze the dramatic color change (green → yellow → red → black) that takes place as the charge gap shifts across the visible and into the near infrared region, moving systematically toward closure at ...


Synthesis And Evaluation Of Water-Dispersed Aryl-Gold Nanoparticles And Applications In Catalysis, Ahmad AL Ahmad 2022 University of Maine

Synthesis And Evaluation Of Water-Dispersed Aryl-Gold Nanoparticles And Applications In Catalysis, Ahmad Al Ahmad

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Gold nanoparticles have been used in environmental remediation as catalysts through biological and chemical redox reactions of many types of industrial waste including nitroarenes, organic dyes, carbon monoxide, and others. These reactions occur in harsh environmental conditions (e.g. changing temperature, presence of salts, extreme pH solutions) which require robust nanoparticles that can keep their activity and resist aggregation. This thesis describes the synthesis, characterization, and investigation of the catalytic activity of gold-aryl nanoparticles. Gold–aryl nanoparticles (AuNPs-COOH) fabricated using a mild reduction process of a molecular aryldiazonium gold(III) salt [HOOC-4-C6H4N≡N]AuCl4 showed high stability in the presence ...


Understanding Dynamics Of Polymers Under Confinement: A Molecular Dynamics And Neutron Scattering Study, Supun Samindra Kamkanam Mohottalalage 2022 Clemson University

Understanding Dynamics Of Polymers Under Confinement: A Molecular Dynamics And Neutron Scattering Study, Supun Samindra Kamkanam Mohottalalage

All Dissertations

The current study probes the structure, dynamics, and rheological behavior of associating polymers including ionomers in melts and solutions as well as conjugated polymers confined into nanoparticles, using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and neutron scattering techniques. The study focuses on two families of associative polymers, ion containing macromolecules and conjugated polymers.

Polymers that consist of ionizable groups along their backbone found uses in a broad range of applications. Examples include light weight energy storage and generation systems, and biomedical applications, where the polymers act as ion exchange membranes, and actuators. The ionic groups tend to form clusters that are in ...


Oxygen Speciation In Potassium Silicate And Potassium Aluminosilicate Glasses: Insights From X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Ryan Sawyer 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Oxygen Speciation In Potassium Silicate And Potassium Aluminosilicate Glasses: Insights From X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Ryan Sawyer

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In a geological context, glasses are useful analogues for silicate melts as they are more readily studied in the laboratory using a wide range of techniques that are impractical for molten liquids. Understanding the structure of binary silicate glasses can help us understand more about the magmatic processes that affect terrestrial planetary bodies.

Potassium silicate glasses ranging in composition from 10 mol% to 35 mol% K2O were studied using X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). From high resolution O 1s XPS spectra, Bridging Oxygen (BO) mole fractions were calculated and compared with those of previous 29Si MAS NMR studies ...


Investigating The Influence Of Synthetic Environments On The Electronic Structure And Luminescence Of Cr-Doped Zinc Gallate, Xincheng Li 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Investigating The Influence Of Synthetic Environments On The Electronic Structure And Luminescence Of Cr-Doped Zinc Gallate, Xincheng Li

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Cr doped ZnGa2O4 (Cr-ZGO) has shown potential in the field of bioimaging. To achieve the nano-size suiting for bioimaging, Cr-ZGO is normally synthesized using a hydrothermal method. There are few studies on how the hydrothermal conditions influence the structure and optical properties of the Cr-ZGO. The first two parts of this thesis study how different hydrothermal temperatures and pH environments will affect the optical properties of Cr-ZGO by photoluminescence spectroscopy. By combining the electronic structure information extracted from X-ray absorption near-edge structures (XANES) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), a relationship among hydrothermal conditions, optical properties ...


Molecular Vibrations And Shape-Selectivity: A Computational Model Of Biofuel Precursors In Zeolites, Babgen Manookian 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Molecular Vibrations And Shape-Selectivity: A Computational Model Of Biofuel Precursors In Zeolites, Babgen Manookian

Doctoral Dissertations

We have used Density Functional Theory (DFT) to model acyclic and cyclic olefins in acidic zeolites. We have studied the impact of host-guest interactions between adsorbed molecules and zeolite frameworks through the lens of molecular vibrations and shape-selectivity. This work considered three zeolite frameworks with varying pore structures and environments: large pore zeolite HMOR and medium pore zeolites HZSM-5 and HZSM-22. A key finding is that for acyclic olefins in acidic zeolites there exists two regimes of host-guest interaction: a strong interaction leading to protonation and a weak interaction between charged guest and zeolite framework. We found that these interactions ...


Symmetry Progression And Possible Polar Metallicity In Nips3 Under Pressure, Nathan Harms, Takahiro Matsuoka, Subhasis Sanmanta, Amanda J. Clune, Kevin A. Smith, Amanda V. Haglund, Erxi Feng, Huibo Cao, Jesse S. Smith, David Mandrus, Heung-Sik Kim, Zhenxian Liu, Janice L. Musfeldt 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Symmetry Progression And Possible Polar Metallicity In Nips3 Under Pressure, Nathan Harms, Takahiro Matsuoka, Subhasis Sanmanta, Amanda J. Clune, Kevin A. Smith, Amanda V. Haglund, Erxi Feng, Huibo Cao, Jesse S. Smith, David Mandrus, Heung-Sik Kim, Zhenxian Liu, Janice L. Musfeldt

Chemistry Publications and Other Works

van der Waals solids are ideal platforms for the discovery of new states of matter and emergent properties under external stimuli. Under pressure, complex chalcogenides like MPS3 (M = Mn, Ni, Co, V) host sliding and structural transitions, insulator-to-metal transitions, the possibility of an orbitally-selective Mott state, piezochromism, and superconductivity. In this work, we bring together diamond anvil cell techniques, infrared and Raman scattering spectroscopies, and X-ray diffraction with a detailed symmetry analysis and first-principles calculations to uncover a series of high-pressure phases in NiPS3. Remarkably, we find five different states of matter between ambient conditions and 39 ...


Biomimetic And Medical Applications Of Hollow Nanoscale Structures, Justin Fang 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Biomimetic And Medical Applications Of Hollow Nanoscale Structures, Justin Fang

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Materials whose structure incorporates nanoscale void spaces have multiple possible uses, whether in a bulk form or as individual particles, due to the combination of high surface area ratios and nanoscale material properties. This thesis will explore a few of these possibilities, concentrating on potential biomimetic and biomedical applications, for two materials: metal- organic frameworks and superparamagnetic iron oxide nanocages.

Metal-organic frameworks consist of metal ions such as Cu2+ which have highly porous lattice structures allowing them to absorb and release guest molecules such as peptides like diphenylalanine; this stored chemical energy can be turned into kinetic energy and used ...


Transistion Metal Chalcogenides And Phosphides For Energy Storage And Conversion Through Water Splitting, Kelsey Thompson 2022 Pittsburg State University

Transistion Metal Chalcogenides And Phosphides For Energy Storage And Conversion Through Water Splitting, Kelsey Thompson

Electronic Theses & Dissertations

In contemporary society, there are many different ways that energy is used in daily life. From applications that require a high energy density to long-term storage in a stable manner, the requirements for energy usage are diverse. Therefore, the greater the number of uses a designed material exhibits, the more practical it may be for wide-scale manufacture. Two areas of particular interest for energy applications are fuel cells (to generate energy) and supercapacitors (to store energy). To provide cheaper and more durable alternatives for energy storage, electrodes containing CoMoO4, NiMoO4, CoMoS4, NiMoS4, CoMoP, and NIMoP were ...


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