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Mercury And Other Trace Metal Analysis In Bat Guano, Amanda Lee Houchens 2020 Western Kentucky University

Mercury And Other Trace Metal Analysis In Bat Guano, Amanda Lee Houchens

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Heavy metal pollution in the environment pose risks to ecosystems and the populations that reside in them. Mercury, lead, and cadmium negatively impact humans by way of neurological disorders, various cancers, and damage the reproductive organs, kidneys, and lungs. Bats have been studied as a bioindicator species to identify possibly elevated levels of these metals in the environment. Previous studies have identified correlation between metal concentrations within bat tissues and fur. Many bat species are endangered or at risk due to white-nose syndrome so collection of tissues and fur for analysis can impose stress on bat colonies. This study investigates ...


Predicting The Properties Of Materials And Biomolecules With Computer Modeling, Gladys Greene, Yao Houndonougbo 2020 Eastern Washington University

Predicting The Properties Of Materials And Biomolecules With Computer Modeling, Gladys Greene, Yao Houndonougbo

2020 Symposium Posters

Abstract:

The advance of theoretical chemistry methods and the increase in computing power have resulted in the frequent use of computer in chemistry, material science, and biology. Zeolitic imidazole frameworks (ZIFs) are a subclass of MOFs which are materials that are made by coordinating transition metal ions to organic ligands to form porous network structures. We have performed Gibbs ensemble Monte Carlo simulations to study the equilibrium selectivity for an equimolar mixture of CO2 /CH4 in ZIF-93 at 298K and for pressures up to 80 bar. The results of the simulations revealed the role of pressure in the ...


Crystallization At Droplet Interfaces For The Fabrication Of Geometrically Programmed Synthetic Magnetosomes, Matthew Gromowsky, Michael Stoller, Maddee Rauhauser, Marcus Judah, Abhiteja Konda, Christopher Jurich, Stephen Morin 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Crystallization At Droplet Interfaces For The Fabrication Of Geometrically Programmed Synthetic Magnetosomes, Matthew Gromowsky, Michael Stoller, Maddee Rauhauser, Marcus Judah, Abhiteja Konda, Christopher Jurich, Stephen Morin

UCARE Research Products

Many organisms rely on the precise growth, assembly, and/or organization of inorganic crystals to achieve vital functions, for example, three-dimensional structural support (i.e., skeletal systems based on calcite) or environmental sensing (i.e., magnetosomes based on magnetite). Mimicking the production of the complex products observed in these biomineralization processes, synthetically, remains challenging. Herein, a method for the synthesis of artificial magnetosomes with programmable magnetic domains was developed. Specifically, precursors were compartmentalized inside different surfactant-stabilized aqueous-phase droplets suspended in oil and microfluidic technologies were implemented to control their interactions precisely. When reactive droplets were brought into contact with one ...


Quantum Chemical Lipophilicities Of Antimalarial Drugs In Relation To Terminal Half-Life, Joseph D. Alia, Sheila Karl, Tyler D. Kelly 2020 University of Minnesota - Morris

Quantum Chemical Lipophilicities Of Antimalarial Drugs In Relation To Terminal Half-Life, Joseph D. Alia, Sheila Karl, Tyler D. Kelly

Chemistry Publications

According to the WHO, artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) have been integral to the recent reduction in deaths due to Plasmodium falciparum malaria. ACT-resistant strains are an emerging problem and have evolved altered developmental stages, reducing exposure of the most susceptible stages to artemisinin drugs in popular ACTs. Lipophilicity, log Kow, is a guide in understanding and predicting pharmacokinetic properties such as terminal half-life which alters drug exposure. Consistent log Kow values are not necessarily available for artemisinin derivatives designed to extend terminal half-life, increase bioavailability, and reduce neurotoxicity. For other drugs used in ACTs, an assortment of experimental ...


Avoiding Drug Resistance By Substrate Envelope-Guided Design: Toward Potent And Robust Hcv Ns3/4a Protease Inhibitors, Ashley N. Matthew, Jacqueto Zephyr, Nageswara Rao Desaboini, Mina Henes, Wasih Kamran, Klajdi Kosovrasti, Adam Hedger, Gordon J. Lockbaum, Jennifer Timm, Akbar Ali, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Celia A. Schiffer 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Avoiding Drug Resistance By Substrate Envelope-Guided Design: Toward Potent And Robust Hcv Ns3/4a Protease Inhibitors, Ashley N. Matthew, Jacqueto Zephyr, Nageswara Rao Desaboini, Mina Henes, Wasih Kamran, Klajdi Kosovrasti, Adam Hedger, Gordon J. Lockbaum, Jennifer Timm, Akbar Ali, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Celia A. Schiffer

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infects millions of people worldwide, causing chronic liver disease that can lead to cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver transplant. In the last several years, the advent of direct-acting antivirals, including NS3/4A protease inhibitors (PIs), has remarkably improved treatment outcomes of HCV-infected patients. However, selection of resistance-associated substitutions and polymorphisms among genotypes can lead to drug resistance and in some cases treatment failure. A proactive strategy to combat resistance is to constrain PIs within evolutionarily conserved regions in the protease active site. Designing PIs using the substrate envelope is a rational strategy to decrease the susceptibility ...


Brown Carbon Production By Aqueous-Phase Interactions Of Glyoxal And So2, David O. De Haan, Kevin Jansen, Alec D. Rynaski, W. Ryan P. Sueme, Ashley K. Torkelson, Eric T. Czer, Alexander K. Kim, Michael A. Rafla, Audrey C. De Haan, Margaret A. Tolbert 2020 University of San Diego

Brown Carbon Production By Aqueous-Phase Interactions Of Glyoxal And So2, David O. De Haan, Kevin Jansen, Alec D. Rynaski, W. Ryan P. Sueme, Ashley K. Torkelson, Eric T. Czer, Alexander K. Kim, Michael A. Rafla, Audrey C. De Haan, Margaret A. Tolbert

Chemistry and Biochemistry: Faculty Scholarship

Oxalic acid and sulfate salts are major components of aerosol particles. Here, we explore the potential for their respective precursor species, glyoxal and SO2, to form atmospheric brown carbon via aqueous-phase reactions in a series of bulk aqueous and flow chamber aerosol experiments. In bulk aqueous solutions, UV- and visible-light-absorbing products are observed at pH 3–4 and 5–6, respectively, with small but detectable yields of hydroxyquinone and polyketone products formed, especially at pH 6. Hydroxymethanesulfonate (HMS), C2, and C3 sulfonates are major products detected by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) at pH 5. Past studies ...


Non-Equilibrium Growth Of Metal Clusters On A Layered Material: Cu On Mos2, Dapeng Jing, Ann Lii-Rosales, King C. Lai, Qiang Li, Jaeyoun Kim, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel 2020 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Non-Equilibrium Growth Of Metal Clusters On A Layered Material: Cu On Mos2, Dapeng Jing, Ann Lii-Rosales, King C. Lai, Qiang Li, Jaeyoun Kim, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

We use a variety of experimental techniques to characterize Cu clusters on bulk MoS2 formed via physical vapor deposition of Cu in ultrahigh vacuum, at temperatures ranging from 300 K to 900 K. We find that large facetted clusters grow at elevated temperatures, using high Cu exposures. The cluster size distribution is bimodal, and under some conditions, large clusters are surrounded by a denuded zone. We propose that defect-mediated nucleation, and coarsening during deposition, are both operative in this system. At 780 K, a surprising type of facetted cluster emerges, and at 900 K this type predominates: Pyramidal clusters with ...


The Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis Heart Shunt Part I: The French Paradox, Heart Disease And The Microbiota, M. Obrenovich, B. Siddiqui, B. McCloskey, Prakash Reddy 2020 Missouri University of Science and Technology

The Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis Heart Shunt Part I: The French Paradox, Heart Disease And The Microbiota, M. Obrenovich, B. Siddiqui, B. Mccloskey, Prakash Reddy

Chemistry Faculty Research & Creative Works

It has been well established that a vegetarian and polyphenol-rich diet, including fruits, vegetables, teas, juices, wine, indigestible fiber and whole grains, provide health-promoting phytochemicals and phytonutrients that are beneficial for the heart and brain. What is not well-characterized is the affect these foods have when co-metabolized within our dynamic gut and its colonizing flora. The concept of a heart shunt within the microbiota-gut-brain axis underscores the close association between brain and heart health and the so-called "French paradox" offers clues for understanding neurodegenerative and cerebrovascular diseases. Moreover, oxidation-redox reactions and redox properties of so-called brain and heart-protective foods are ...


Direct Photorelease Of Alcohols From Boron-Alkylated Bodipy Photocages, Julie A. Peterson, Logan J. Fischer, Elizabeth J. Gehrmann, Pradeep Shrestha, Ding Yuan, Chamari S. Wijesooriya, Emily A. Smith, Arthur H. Winter 2020 Iowa State University

Direct Photorelease Of Alcohols From Boron-Alkylated Bodipy Photocages, Julie A. Peterson, Logan J. Fischer, Elizabeth J. Gehrmann, Pradeep Shrestha, Ding Yuan, Chamari S. Wijesooriya, Emily A. Smith, Arthur H. Winter

Chemistry Publications

BODIPY photocages allow release of substrates us-ing visible light irradiation. They have the drawback of requiring reasonably good leaving groups for photorelease. Photorelease of alcohols is often accomplished by attachment with carbonate linkages, which upon photorelease liberate CO2 and gen-erate the alcohol. Here, we show that boron-alkylated BODIPY photocages are capable of directly photoreleasing both aliphatic alcohols and phenols upon irradiation via photocleavage of ether linkages. Direct photorelease of a hydroxycoumarin dye was demonstrated in living HeLa cells.


Photo-Physical Properties Of Lanthanides Doped O-Bridged Conducting Indole Oligomer, Iffat Ameen, Raj Laxmi Mishra, Abhishek K. Tripathi, Afshan Siddiqui, Umesh N. Tripathi 2020 D. D. U. Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur

Photo-Physical Properties Of Lanthanides Doped O-Bridged Conducting Indole Oligomer, Iffat Ameen, Raj Laxmi Mishra, Abhishek K. Tripathi, Afshan Siddiqui, Umesh N. Tripathi

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

The indole oligomers were synthesized by an effective green route in the water medium. This is an effort to synthesize commercially important indole oligomers without using any harmful chemicals and artificial media. The lanthanide chlorides such as LaCl3·7H2O, CeCl3·7H2O, PrCl3·6H2O and NdCl3·6H2O were used in the synthesis procedure to minimize the reaction time. Unlike the previous works, these reactions occurred at somewhat elevated temperature. In the reaction, the salts of lanthanide metals acted as a catalyst and further behave as dopants. These dopants increased ...


Study Of Deformation Parameters (Β2, Δ) For 18,20,22,24,26,28ne Isotopes In Sdpf Shell, Ahmed H. Ali, Maha Taha Idrees 2020 University of Fallujah, Iraq

Study Of Deformation Parameters (Β2, Δ) For 18,20,22,24,26,28ne Isotopes In Sdpf Shell, Ahmed H. Ali, Maha Taha Idrees

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

The quadrupole deformation is basic to study the shape transitions; it is possible to predict many important properties of even-even nuclei as a function of the deformation parameter. The deformations of nuclei are important for understanding their shapes prolate or oblate. The quadrupole deformation parameters were calculated by the transition probability B (E2) for 18, 20, 22, 24, 26,28Ne isotopes, were adopted different interactions three. The calculations are performed with the Bohr-Mottelson (B-M) effective charges, which represent the effect of the core-polarizations. Also, the deformation parameters were calculated for different nuclei and adopted two methods of calculation: from ...


Investigation Of Glucose Oxidation At Gold Nanoparticles Deposited At Carbon Nanotubes Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode By Theoretical And Experimental Methods., Farhat Saira, Humaira Razzaq, Misbah Mumtaz, Safeer Ahmad, Muhammad Aftab Rafiq, Azra Yaqub, Nabiha Dilshad, Ayesha Ihsan, Muhammad Masood ul Hasan 2020 National Centre for Physics , Shahdra Valley, QAU campus, Islamabad.

Investigation Of Glucose Oxidation At Gold Nanoparticles Deposited At Carbon Nanotubes Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode By Theoretical And Experimental Methods., Farhat Saira, Humaira Razzaq, Misbah Mumtaz, Safeer Ahmad, Muhammad Aftab Rafiq, Azra Yaqub, Nabiha Dilshad, Ayesha Ihsan, Muhammad Masood Ul Hasan

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

In the current research work, AuNPs-CNTs nanocomposite was synthesized chemically and decoration of AuNPs on the surface of MWCNTs was confirmed by UV-Vis, SEM and XPS analysis. Synthesized nanocomposite was utilized for its application towards non-enzymatic glucose sensing by modifying glassy carbon electrode with nanocomposite employing electrochemical techniques. In addition, theoretical calculations were performed by Density Functional Theory (DFT), employing B3YLP with basis set 6- 311+G(d,p) in gaseous phase and LANL2DZ basis set. Both theoretical and experimental results predicted Au-CNTs composite as a better candidate for glucose oxidation as compared to CNTs and AuNPs alone, owing to ...


A Study To Explore The Ldlr Gene Polymorphisms Contribute To Atorvastatin Response In A Sample Of Iraqi Population With Atherosclerotic Coronary Artery Disease, Shaimaa Y. Abdulfattah, Salwa J. Abdullah, Hilal B. Alsaffar 2020 Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq

A Study To Explore The Ldlr Gene Polymorphisms Contribute To Atorvastatin Response In A Sample Of Iraqi Population With Atherosclerotic Coronary Artery Disease, Shaimaa Y. Abdulfattah, Salwa J. Abdullah, Hilal B. Alsaffar

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Genetic factors will determine the higher variability, which found in response to lipid reduction treatment (statins). However, due to ethnicity the frequency and effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) may differ. The main aim of lipid lowering medical treatment is to eventually prevent the endogenous production of cholesterol through inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase, The resulting decrease in hepatocyte cholesterol concentration triggers up-regulation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-receptor expression by inducing sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP) 2 cleavage, as SREBP-2 activates LDL receptor transcription. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of low density lipoprotein receptor (LDL-R) gene ...


Using Freak Descriptor To Classify Plasma Influence In Mice Sperm, Ekhlas Falih, Alaa Noori Mazhar 2020 University of Technology

Using Freak Descriptor To Classify Plasma Influence In Mice Sperm, Ekhlas Falih, Alaa Noori Mazhar

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Numerous classification mechanisms anticipate the class's instances to be carried out as the features' vectors, namely the points in a feature's space. It is oftentimes a chance to make an informative exemplification of an image's feature vector for classification problems in computer vision like utilizing global descriptors for the texture description or shape description. The proposed methodology is to classify the sperm image in mice that has been affected through plasma and this methodology consists of three stages. The points of interest could be elicited from sperm plasma images in the first stage by utilizing Adaptive and ...


Editorial Board, 2020 Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Editorial Board

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

No abstract provided.


Characterization Of Biodistribution Of Transferrin And Receptor Binding Mechanism By Mass Spectrometry, Hanwei Zhao 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Characterization Of Biodistribution Of Transferrin And Receptor Binding Mechanism By Mass Spectrometry, Hanwei Zhao

Doctoral Dissertations

Protein-based therapeutics have emerged as a key driver of rapid growth in drug development pipelines. However, developing such protein drugs is not straightforward in most cases, the existence of physiological barriers greatly restricts the efficient delivery of many therapeutic molecules, and therefore limits their clinical applications. A promising way to address this challenge takes advantage of certain transport protein which can effectively across and enhance the permeability of these barriers, such as transferrin (Tf) which can be internalized by malignant cells and cross physiological barriers via transferrin receptor (TfR)-mediated endocytosis and transcytosis. However, developing such products is impossible without ...


Assessing The Correlation Of Microscopy-Based And Volumetry-Based Measurements For Resin Swelling In A Range Of Potential Greener Solvents For Spps, Jordan K. Magtaan, Marc Devocelle, Fintan Kelleher 2020 Technological University Dublin

Assessing The Correlation Of Microscopy-Based And Volumetry-Based Measurements For Resin Swelling In A Range Of Potential Greener Solvents For Spps, Jordan K. Magtaan, Marc Devocelle, Fintan Kelleher

Articles

The degree of resin swelling in a particular solvent system is one of the critical parameters for SPPS, and for solid phase synthesis, in general. Methods used for measuring the degree of resin swelling include microscopy-based and volumetry-based methods. This study describes, and compares, the use of both methods for a number of commercially available resins commonly used in SPPS, with a range of solvents which have been identified in the literature as “greener” than DCM, DMF and NMP. The results were analysed by statistical methods and a significant correlation between the two distinct methods has been demonstrated for the ...


Modulating Nanoparticle-Protein Interactions Through Covalent Or Noncovalent Approach For Biomedical Applications, Jingjing Gao 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Modulating Nanoparticle-Protein Interactions Through Covalent Or Noncovalent Approach For Biomedical Applications, Jingjing Gao

Doctoral Dissertations

Discoveries at the interface of chemistry, biology, and materials science have emerged as a powerful route to impact life science in this century. My research in the Thayumanavan group is focused on problems at this interface. A common theme of all the six projects is the use of modern synthetic organic chemistry to build interesting, novel macromolecules which are chemically rich, to study the molecular self-assembly behavior in solution and then translate to solve problems in the biomedical area. By addressing the design challenge to prepare novel amphiphiles with desired functional groups, controlled molecular weight and the ability to respond ...


Molecular Design Of Organic Semiconductors For Interfacial And Emissive Material Applications, Marcus David Cole 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Molecular Design Of Organic Semiconductors For Interfacial And Emissive Material Applications, Marcus David Cole

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation describes the synthesis and characterization of functional optoelectronically active materials. Synthetic techniques were used to prepare polymers containing perylene diimide (PDI) or tetraphenylethylene (TPE) moieties in the polymer backbone. PDI-based structures were prepared with embedded cationic or zwitterionic moieties intended to tailor organic/inorganic interfaces in thin film photovoltaic devices. The aggregation-induced emission (AIE)-active TPE polymers were synthesized to study how AIE properties evolve in π-conjugated polymers. The syntheses discussed here focused on modulation of molecular architecture to give rise to materials with tailored optoelectronic properties.

Chapter 1 provides a brief overview of the field of organic ...


Ac And Dc Differential Bridge Structure Suitable For Electrochemical Interfacial Capacitance Biosensing Applications, Sara Neshani, Charles K. A. Nyamekye, Scott Melvin, Emily A. Smith, Degang J. Chen, Nathan Neihart 2020 Iowa State University

Ac And Dc Differential Bridge Structure Suitable For Electrochemical Interfacial Capacitance Biosensing Applications, Sara Neshani, Charles K. A. Nyamekye, Scott Melvin, Emily A. Smith, Degang J. Chen, Nathan Neihart

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

This paper presents a capacitive differential bridge structure with both AC and DC excitation and balancing capability for low cost electrode-solution interfacial capacitance biosensing applications. The proposed series RC balancing structure offers higher sensitivity, lower susceptibility to common-mode interferences, and drift control. To evaluate the bridge performance in practice, possible effects of initial bridge imbalance due to component mismatches are investigated considering the required resolution of the balancing networks, sensitivity, and linearity. This evaluation is also a guideline to designing the balancing networks, balancing algorithm and the proceeding readout interface circuitry. The proposed series RC bridge structure is implemented along ...


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