Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

932 Full-Text Articles 2,440 Authors 173,342 Downloads 109 Institutions

All Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Faceted Search

932 full-text articles. Page 1 of 40.

Atomistic Simulations And In Silico Mutational Profiling Of Protein Stability And Binding In The Sars-Cov-2 Spike Protein Complexes With Nanobodies: Molecular Determinants Of Mutational Escape Mechanisms, Gennady M. Verkhivker, Steve Agajanian, Deniz Yasar Oztas, Grace Gupta 2021 Chapman University

Atomistic Simulations And In Silico Mutational Profiling Of Protein Stability And Binding In The Sars-Cov-2 Spike Protein Complexes With Nanobodies: Molecular Determinants Of Mutational Escape Mechanisms, Gennady M. Verkhivker, Steve Agajanian, Deniz Yasar Oztas, Grace Gupta

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Structure-functional studies have recently revealed a spectrum of diverse high-affinity nanobodies with efficient neutralizing capacity against SARS-CoV-2 virus and resilience against mutational escape. In this study, we combine atomistic simulations with the ensemble-based mutational profiling of binding for the SARS-CoV-2 S-RBD complexes with a wide range of nanobodies to identify dynamic and binding affinity fingerprints and characterize the energetic determinants of nanobody-escaping mutations. Using an in silico mutational profiling approach for probing the protein stability and binding, we examine dynamics and energetics of the SARS-CoV-2 complexes with single nanobodies Nb6 and Nb20, VHH E, a pair combination VHH E + U ...


Synthesis Of Nucleotide Prodrugs As Potential Antiviral Agents, Mohammed Attaelmanan 2021 Western University

Synthesis Of Nucleotide Prodrugs As Potential Antiviral Agents, Mohammed Attaelmanan

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

No abstract provided.


Thermal Properties Of 18f-Fdg Uptake And Imaging In Positron Emission Tomography Scans Of Cancerous Cells, Carleigh R. Eagle 2021 University of North Florida

Thermal Properties Of 18f-Fdg Uptake And Imaging In Positron Emission Tomography Scans Of Cancerous Cells, Carleigh R. Eagle

PANDION: The Osprey Journal of Research and Ideas

Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scans can utilize a radioactive tracer, in this case 2-deoxy2-[fluorine-18] fluoro-D-glucose (18F-FDG), to visualize malignant tumors in cancer patients. The uptake was compared to glucose to understand the difference in thermal properties, which contribute to the ability to image the cancerous cells. The uptake of 18F-FDG by cancer cells and the imaging process of positron emission tomography were reviewed from a thermodynamic perspective. Gastrointestinal and neurological imaging techniques were reviewed to understand the role of PET imaging in different areas of the human body.


Characterization Of Lamellar Liquid Crystal Emulsifiers In Topical Creams Containing A Novel Solvent, Melinda Joanna Sutton 2021 Missouri State University

Characterization Of Lamellar Liquid Crystal Emulsifiers In Topical Creams Containing A Novel Solvent, Melinda Joanna Sutton

MSU Graduate Theses

Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether (DEGEE) is a promising solvent component in topical cream formulations due to its superior solubilizing abilities with certain active pharmaceutical ingredients. One of the goals of this study is to characterize the effects of pH on the physical and chemical stabilities of topical cream formulations containing particularly high concentrations of DEGEE by characterizing a full topical pH profile of 3.5 – 9.0. The second goal is to evaluate the presence, amount, and characteristics of lyotropic liquid crystals (LLCs), molecularly structured in a lamellar phase, in a model cream emulsion utilizing polarized light microscopy (PLM). The ...


Method Development Of Standard Dilution Analysis On Molecules And Dissolution Studies Of Ibuprofen Tablets Along With Common Beverage Constituents, Scott Richardson 2021 Kennesaw State University

Method Development Of Standard Dilution Analysis On Molecules And Dissolution Studies Of Ibuprofen Tablets Along With Common Beverage Constituents, Scott Richardson

Master of Science in Chemical Sciences Theses

The United States Pharmacopeia sets the standards for the manufacturing, storage, and analysis of medicinal formulations. One analysis, dissolution testing evaluates the rate at which the medicinal formulation forms a solution to predict in vivo drug release. Dissolution testing on ibuprofen tablets alone and in the presence of ascorbic acid or caffeine was performed to mimic the administration using orange juice or caffeinated soft drinks to assess their impact on the dissolution rate of ibuprofen. Results using the external calibration method produced a dissolution rate of ibuprofen that decreased 4% in the presence of ascorbic acid and increased 1% in ...


Aromatic Substitution: Another View, Charles A. Kingsbury 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Aromatic Substitution: Another View, Charles A. Kingsbury

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Electrophilic substitution on substituted benzenes is reviewed in terms of molecular orbitals. The HOMO falls into two classes. For all meta director C-X groups, a node passes through the ring and through the substituent C-X bond. With ortho/para director C-X groups, a node perpendicular to the one described above, passes through the ortho-meta bonds.


Ganglioside Alters Phospholipase Trafficking, Inhibits Nf-Κb Assembly, And Protects Tight Junction Integrity, John J. Miklavcic, Qun Li, Jordan Skolnick, Alan B. R. Thomson, Vera C. Mazurak, Michael Tom Clandinin 2021 Chapman University

Ganglioside Alters Phospholipase Trafficking, Inhibits Nf-Κb Assembly, And Protects Tight Junction Integrity, John J. Miklavcic, Qun Li, Jordan Skolnick, Alan B. R. Thomson, Vera C. Mazurak, Michael Tom Clandinin

Food Science Faculty Articles and Research

Background and Aims: Dietary gangliosides are present in human milk and consumed in low amounts from organ meats. Clinical and animal studies indicate that dietary gangliosides attenuate signaling processes that are a hallmark of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Gangliosides decrease pro-inflammatory markers, improve intestinal permeability, and reduce symptoms characteristic in patients with IBD. The objective of this study was to examine mechanisms by which dietary gangliosides exert beneficial effects on intestinal health.

Methods: Studies were conducted in vitro using CaCo-2 intestinal epithelial cells. Gangliosides were extracted from milk powder and incubated with differentiated CaCo-2 cells after exposure to pro-inflammatory stimuli ...


Design Of Antioxidant Monomer, Augustine Osilamah Yusuf 2021 Western Kentucky University

Design Of Antioxidant Monomer, Augustine Osilamah Yusuf

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Reactive oxygen species such as hydrogen peroxide are present at the sites of inflammation in the body. Degradable polymeric nanoparticles have shown great promise in a range of biomedical applications which include preferential delivery of therapeutics to such inflamed sites. We are working towards a new class of materials expected to have tunable degradation rates in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. These new materials consist of three parts: degradable linkages, antioxidant groups, and unreactive filler monomers such as methylmethacrylate. We have synthesized a polymerization initiator with a degradable linkage, and we have shown that using this initiator to synthesize another ...


Donnan Potential Across The Outer Membrane Of Gram-Negative Bacteria And Its Effect On The Permeability Of Antibiotics, Olaniyi Alegun, Ankit Pandeya, Jian Cui, Isoiza Ojo, Yinan Wei 2021 University of Kentucky

Donnan Potential Across The Outer Membrane Of Gram-Negative Bacteria And Its Effect On The Permeability Of Antibiotics, Olaniyi Alegun, Ankit Pandeya, Jian Cui, Isoiza Ojo, Yinan Wei

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The cell envelope structure of Gram-negative bacteria is unique, composed of two lipid bilayer membranes and an aqueous periplasmic space sandwiched in between. The outer membrane constitutes an extra barrier to limit the exchange of molecules between the cells and the exterior environment. Donnan potential is a membrane potential across the outer membrane, resulted from the selective permeability of the membrane, which plays a pivotal role in the permeability of many antibiotics. In this review, we discussed factors that affect the intensity of the Donnan potential, including the osmotic strength and pH of the external media, the osmoregulated periplasmic glucans ...


Report Of The National Institutes Of Health Sars-Cov-2 Antiviral Therapeutics Summit, Matthew D. Hall, James M. Anderson, Celia A. Schiffer, Anthony J. Conley, Mindy I. Davis 2021 National Institutes of Health

Report Of The National Institutes Of Health Sars-Cov-2 Antiviral Therapeutics Summit, Matthew D. Hall, James M. Anderson, Celia A. Schiffer, Anthony J. Conley, Mindy I. Davis

COVID-19 Publications by UMMS Authors

The NIH Virtual SARS-CoV-2 Antiviral Summit, held on November 6, 2020, was organized to provide an overview on the status and challenges in developing antiviral therapeutics for COVID-19, including combinations of antivirals. Scientific experts from the public and private sectors convened virtually during a live videocast to discuss SARS-CoV-2 targets for drug discovery as well as the preclinical tools needed to develop and evaluate effective small molecule antivirals. The goals of the Summit were to review the current state of the science, identify unmet research needs, share insights and lessons learned from treating other infectious diseases, identify opportunities for public-private ...


Synthetic And Biological Studies On Benzazepine Derivatives As Dopamine Receptor Ligands, Rajan Giri 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Synthetic And Biological Studies On Benzazepine Derivatives As Dopamine Receptor Ligands, Rajan Giri

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Dopamine (DA) receptors, members of the G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) family, are divided in two groups based on their transmembrane structural homology domains: D1R-like (D1R, D5R sub-types) and D2R-like DA receptors (D2R, D3R and D4R sub-types). Disturbances in dopaminergic neurotransmission are associated with several CNS disorders. Hence, DA receptor selective ligands have been sought as pharmacological agents to normalize perturbations in the dopaminergic system. Despite several notable efforts, the discovery of highly selective ligands for dopamine receptor sub-types has proved challenging due to close transmembrane structural similarity, especially between DA receptor sub-types within the same group.

The 1-phenylbenzazepine scaffold is ...


Theranostic Applications Of Sirna Bioconjugates In Cancer Detection And Treatment, Sunil S. Shah 2021 Seton Hall University

Theranostic Applications Of Sirna Bioconjugates In Cancer Detection And Treatment, Sunil S. Shah

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Abstract

The emerging field of RNA nanotechnology has led to rapid advances in the applications of RNA in chemical biology, medicinal chemistry, and biotechnology. At the forefront of its utility is the ability to self-assemble multiple siRNAs into nanostructure formulations capable of targeting selected oncogenes and potentiating the gene therapy of malignant tumors. Self-assembled siRNA integrates multiple siRNAs within a single molecular platform for silencing multiple oncogenic mRNA targets with high precision and efficacy to potentially induce cancer cell apoptosis through the RNA interference (RNAi) pathway. Furthermore, the conjugation of siRNA self-assemblies with bio-active probes results in multi-functional theranostic (therapy ...


Structure Elucidation Of The Elusive Enzyme I Monomer Reveals The Molecular Mechanisms Linking Oligomerization And Enzymatic Activity, Trang T. Nguyen, Rodolfo Ghirlando, Julien F. Roche, Vincenzo Venditti 2021 Iowa State University

Structure Elucidation Of The Elusive Enzyme I Monomer Reveals The Molecular Mechanisms Linking Oligomerization And Enzymatic Activity, Trang T. Nguyen, Rodolfo Ghirlando, Julien F. Roche, Vincenzo Venditti

Chemistry Publications

Enzyme I (EI) is a phosphotransferase enzyme responsible for converting phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) into pyruvate. This reaction initiates a five-step phosphorylation cascade in the bacterial phosphotransferase (PTS) transduction pathway. Under physiological conditions, EI exists in an equilibrium between a functional dimer and an inactive monomer. The monomer–dimer equilibrium is a crucial factor regulating EI activity and the phosphorylation state of the overall PTS. Experimental studies of EI’s monomeric state have yet been hampered by the dimer’s high thermodynamic stability, which prevents its characterization by standard structural techniques. In this study, we modified the dimerization domain of EI (EIC ...


Reeling In New Antibiotics: Synthesis And Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing Of Zinc-Binding Clavanins From Styela Clava (Sea Squirt), Eduardo Badillo-Colberg 2021 University of Connecticut

Reeling In New Antibiotics: Synthesis And Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing Of Zinc-Binding Clavanins From Styela Clava (Sea Squirt), Eduardo Badillo-Colberg

Honors Scholar Theses

Clavanins have been a quite rarely studied antimicrobial peptide (AMP) family. Though the data in the few studies published on the matter and in theoretical experimental data presented by the Wang lab in their peptide library creation [14], in that the members of this family could potentially be quite effective novel antimicrobial candidates. Among those that have been targets of studies, Clavanin A has been at the forefront of this endeavor of finding effective novel antimicrobial peptides[14]. In these aforementioned studies, Clavanin A has been shown to be quite effective against many different bacterial strains, which begs the question ...


The Evolution Of Antisense Oligonucleotide Chemistry - A Personal Journey, Sudhir Agrawal 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Evolution Of Antisense Oligonucleotide Chemistry - A Personal Journey, Sudhir Agrawal

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Over the last four decades, tremendous progress has been made in use of synthetic oligonucleotides as therapeutics. This has been possible largely by introducing chemical modifications to provide drug like properties to oligonucleotides. In this article I have summarized twists and turns on use of chemical modifications and their road to success and highlight areas of future directions.


Synthesis Of Bulky And Polar Galactonoamidines For The Inhibition Of The Human Α-Galactosidase, Ifedi Orizu 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Synthesis Of Bulky And Polar Galactonoamidines For The Inhibition Of The Human Α-Galactosidase, Ifedi Orizu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Glycosidases are amongst the most abundant enzymes in nature. This is due to their role in the degradation of carbohydrates which are the major source of carbon or earth. The absence or malfunction of glycosidases is implicated in numerous diseases such as cancers, diabetes, and lysosomal storage disorders, which make them important drug targets for study in medicinal chemistry. The seminal work by Pauling and Wolfenden showed that enzymes bind to their substrate at the transition state with very strong affinity. Wolfenden estimated the dissociation constant to be around 10-22M. This encouraged the design of glycosidase inhibitors which mimicked one ...


Theranostic Nanoparticles Folic Acid-Carbon Dots-Drug(S) For Cancer, Godwin Kweku Babanyinah 2021 East Tennessee State University

Theranostic Nanoparticles Folic Acid-Carbon Dots-Drug(S) For Cancer, Godwin Kweku Babanyinah

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study aims to prepare theranostic nanoparticles (NPs) that are expected to increase cancer diagnostics and therapeutic efficacy. We prepared the NPs constituting carbon dots (CDs) as an imaging agent, folic acid as a targeting agent, doxorubicin (DOX), or gemcitabine (GEM) as chemotherapy agents. The NPs include noncovalent FA-CDs-DOX, covalent CDs-FA-DOX, and covalent FA-CDs-GEM. Through ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, and Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy, the fabrication of these NPs was confirmed. It was discovered that the high drug loading efficiency is the noncovalent series while the high drug loading capacity is the covalent series The in-vitro pH-dependent drug release data indicate ...


Data For "Subtype-Selective Positive Modulation Of Sk Channels Depends On The Ha/Hb Helices", Miao Zhang, Meng Cui 2021 Chapman University

Data For "Subtype-Selective Positive Modulation Of Sk Channels Depends On The Ha/Hb Helices", Miao Zhang, Meng Cui

Pharmacy Faculty Data Sets

In the activated state of small-conductance Ca2+-activated potassium (SK) channels, calmodulin interacts with the HA/HB helices and the S4-S5 linker. CyPPA potentiates SK2a and SK3 channel activity but not the SK1 and IK subtypes. Here, we report that the subtype-selectivity of CyPPA relies on the HA/HB helices. Mutating residues in the HA (V420) and HB (K467) helices of SK2a channels to their equivalent residues in IK channels diminished the potency of CyPPA. CyPPA elicited prominent responses on mutant IK channels with an arginine residue in the HB helix substituted for its equivalent lysine residue in the ...


Sulfur Anions: Comments Upon Structure, Charles A. Kingsbury 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Sulfur Anions: Comments Upon Structure, Charles A. Kingsbury

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

This work emphasizes the need for solvent simulation as well as a counterion in calculations concerning anions, although optimization may be difficult. Solvent and counterion both play a large role in conformation of the ion. Part of the reason for the success of sulfur anions in chemical reactions may be the ability of sulfone oxygen(s) to coordinate with the counterion (usually lithium). The “solvent” partially dissociates lithium from the carbanion center.


Using Molecular Dynamics Simulations To Understand Receptor-Complex Communication And Signaling, Hannah Margaret Hoag 2021 Rowan University

Using Molecular Dynamics Simulations To Understand Receptor-Complex Communication And Signaling, Hannah Margaret Hoag

Theses and Dissertations

The overarching purpose of this document is to use Computer-aided drug design and Molecular dynamic simulations to better understand elusive drug-receptor interactions, as well as various types of inter-receptor signaling. Chapter One introduces the theory and importance of Computer-aided drug design and the methodology used in both Chapters Two and Three.

Chapter Two uncovers the relationship between the well-studied ABCB1 transporter and a newly identified drug known as Xanthohumol (XN). XN is compared to a commonly used drug, Doxorubicin (DOX), in this chapter. If the ABCB1 transporter can be properly inhibited, cancer-fighting drugs will be able to stay within the ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress