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Bis(Tetra­Phenyl­Arsonium) Hexa­Fluorido­Technetate(Iv) Dihydrate: Preparation, Structure And Spectroscopic Analysis, Samundeeswari Mariappan Balasekaran, Frederic Poineau 2019 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Bis(Tetra­Phenyl­Arsonium) Hexa­Fluorido­Technetate(Iv) Dihydrate: Preparation, Structure And Spectroscopic Analysis, Samundeeswari Mariappan Balasekaran, Frederic Poineau

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Reports of quadrivalent transition-metal fluoride salts containing bulky organic cations are limited. In this context, we prepared the bis­(tetra­phenyl­arsonium) hexa­fluorido­technetate(IV) dihydrate salt, (C24H20As)2[TcF6]·2H2O, by a cation metathesis reaction of (NH4)2[TcF6] in water. This is the first report of an arsonium salt of the hexa­fluorido­technetate(IV) dianion. (AsPh4)2[TcF6]·2H2O crystallizes in the triclinic space group P[\overline{1}]. The [TcF6]2− anion adopts a slightly distorted octa­hedral geometry with an average Tc—F bond length of 1.933 Å. The cyclic voltammogram of (AsPh4)2 ...


Nitric Oxide Is Involved In Heavy Ion-Induced Non-Targeted Effects In Human Fibroblasts, Megumi Hada, Premkumar B. Saganti, Francis A. Cucinotta 2019 Prairie View A&M University

Nitric Oxide Is Involved In Heavy Ion-Induced Non-Targeted Effects In Human Fibroblasts, Megumi Hada, Premkumar B. Saganti, Francis A. Cucinotta

Health Physics & Diagnostic Sciences Faculty Publications

Previously, we investigated the dose response for chromosomal aberration (CA) for exposures corresponding to less than one particle traversal per cell nucleus by high energy and charge (HZE) particles, and showed that the dose responses for simple exchanges for human fibroblast irradiated under confluent culture conditions were best fit by non-linear models motivated by a non-targeted effect (NTE). Our results suggested that the simple exchanges in normal human fibroblasts have an important NTE contribution at low particle fluence. Nitric oxide (NO) has been reported as a candidate for intercellular signaling for NTE in many studies. In order to estimate the ...


Isotopically-Resolved Neutron Cross Sections As Probe Of The Nuclear Optical Potential, Cole Davis Pruitt 2019 Washington University in St. Louis

Isotopically-Resolved Neutron Cross Sections As Probe Of The Nuclear Optical Potential, Cole Davis Pruitt

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Neutron scattering experiments provide direct access to the forces experienced by nucleons in the nuclear environment. Due to the experimental difficulty of cross section measurements with neutrons, isotopically-resolved neutron scattering cross sections are sorely needed as inputs for many nuclear models. This dissertation presents the results from a campaign of isotope-specific neutron total cross section measurements on 16,18O, 58,64Ni, 112,124Sn, and 103Rh from 3-450 MeV and elastic scattering differential cross section measurements on 112,nat,124Sn at 11 and 17 MeV. Equipped with these new data and with computational improvements to the Dispersive Optical Model (DOM), we ...


Homonuclear Dipolar Recoupling Of Arbitrary Pairs In Multi-Spin Systems Under Magic Angle Spinning: A Double-Frequency-Selective Zq-Seashore Experiment, Takeshi Kobayashi, Zhuoran Wang, Marek Pruski 2019 Ames Laboratory

Homonuclear Dipolar Recoupling Of Arbitrary Pairs In Multi-Spin Systems Under Magic Angle Spinning: A Double-Frequency-Selective Zq-Seashore Experiment, Takeshi Kobayashi, Zhuoran Wang, Marek Pruski

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

We describe a useful method for measuring the internuclear distances within arbitrarily selected pairs of like nuclei in dipolar-coupled multi-spin systems. The method uses a combination of the zero-quantum shift-evolution-assisted selective homonuclear recoupling (ZQ-SEASHORE) technique developed by Hu and Tycko [J. Chem. Phys. 2009, 131, 045101] and double-frequency-selective radio-frequency pulse. The double-frequency-selective pulse inverts polarizations of two spins simultaneously, and thus applications of the method presented here are only limited by the spectral resolution, and not by the number of interacting spins. Our experiments demonstrate the validity of the method and present analytical expressions for the dephasing curve.


Pressure-Induced Phase Transition In 1,3,5-Triamino-2,4,6-Trinitrobenzene (Tatb), Brad A. Steele, Samantha M. Clarke, Matthew P. Kroonblawd, I-Feng W. Kuo, Philip F. Pagoria, Sergey N. Tkachev, Jesse S. Smith, Sorin Bastea, Laurence E. Fried, Joseph M. Zaug, Elissaios Stavrou, Oliver Tschauner 2019 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Pressure-Induced Phase Transition In 1,3,5-Triamino-2,4,6-Trinitrobenzene (Tatb), Brad A. Steele, Samantha M. Clarke, Matthew P. Kroonblawd, I-Feng W. Kuo, Philip F. Pagoria, Sergey N. Tkachev, Jesse S. Smith, Sorin Bastea, Laurence E. Fried, Joseph M. Zaug, Elissaios Stavrou, Oliver Tschauner

Geoscience Faculty Publications

Determining the unreacted equation of state of 1,3, 5-triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (TATB) is challenging because it exhibits low crystal symmetry and low X-ray scattering strength. Here, we present the first high-pressure single-crystal X-ray diffraction (SXD) study of this material. Our SXD results reveal a previously unknown transition to a monoclinic phase above 4 GPa. No abrupt change of the volume occurs but the compressibility changes. Concomitant first principles evolutionary crystal structure prediction USPEX calculations confirm this transition and show that it involves a pressure-induced in-plane shift of the layers of TATB molecules with respect to the ambient-pressure phase.


Preparation And Evaluation Of Uranium Alloys Based On Burnup, Andrew Jonathan Swift 2019 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Preparation And Evaluation Of Uranium Alloys Based On Burnup, Andrew Jonathan Swift

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Next generation fast reactor designs utilizing metallic fuel are being developed as an alternative fuel cycle option in an effort to reduce carbon emissions. Historically, oxide fuels have been the industry standard, but interest in metallic fuel systems has grown considerably due to their thermal conductivity, fissile atom density, inherent safety, and ability to reach progressively higher burnups. Chemical complexity of metallic fuel systems increase as a function of burnup from fission product ingrowth and associated fuel cladding chemical interactions (FCCI) brought on by elemental redistribution and phase formation. To date, the most extensive operational study for metallic fuel was ...


A Pretargeted Spect Imaging Strategy Employing Technetium-99m Based On Bioorthogonal Diels-Alder Click Chemistry, Justin H. Walsh 2019 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

A Pretargeted Spect Imaging Strategy Employing Technetium-99m Based On Bioorthogonal Diels-Alder Click Chemistry, Justin H. Walsh

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

A series of related N3S 99mTc-peptide complexes were synthesized and tested for use in pretargeting SPECT imaging that utilizes the bioorthogonal Diels-Alder click reaction between tetrazine (Tz) and transcyclooctene (TCO). The objective was to optimize the excretory pathways of the 99mTc-peptide complexes for maximum tumor targeting with the in vivo “click” and minimum non-target uptake. The 99mTc–tetrazine constructs were prepared by reaction of 99mTc-peptide complexes (99mTc-FKC, 99mTc-FKCR, 99mTc-DKC, and 99mTc-SKC) with Tz-NHS or Tz-PEG5-NHS to form 99mTc FK(Tz)C, 99mTc-FK(PEG5-Tz)CR ...


Transcriptional And Chemical Changes In Soybean Leaves In Response To Long-Term Aphid Colonization, Jessica D. Hohenstein, Matthew Studham, Adam Klein, Nik Kovinich, Kia Barry, Young-Jin Lee, Gustavo C. Macintosh 2019 Iowa State University

Transcriptional And Chemical Changes In Soybean Leaves In Response To Long-Term Aphid Colonization, Jessica D. Hohenstein, Matthew Studham, Adam Klein, Nik Kovinich, Kia Barry, Young-Jin Lee, Gustavo C. Macintosh

Chemistry Publications

Soybean aphids (Aphis glycines Matsumura) are specialized insects that feed on soybean (Glycine max) phloem sap. Transcriptome analyses have shown that resistant soybean plants mount a fast response that limits aphid feeding and population growth. Conversely, defense responses in susceptible plants are slower and it is hypothesized that aphids block effective defenses in the compatible interaction. Unlike other pests, aphids can colonize plants for long periods of time; yet the effect on the plant transcriptome after long-term aphid feeding has not been analyzed for any plant–aphid interaction. We analyzed the susceptible and resistant (Rag1) transcriptome response to aphid feeding ...


Enhanced 1h-X D-Hmqc Performance Through Improved 1h Homonuclear Decoupling, Frederic A. Perras, Tian Wei Goh, Lin-Lin Wang, Wenyu Huang, Marek Pruski 2019 Ames Laboratory

Enhanced 1h-X D-Hmqc Performance Through Improved 1h Homonuclear Decoupling, Frederic A. Perras, Tian Wei Goh, Lin-Lin Wang, Wenyu Huang, Marek Pruski

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The sensitivity of solid-state NMR experiments that utilize 1H zero-quantum heteronuclear dipolar recoupling, such as D-HMQC, is compromised by poor homonuclear decoupling. This leads to a rapid decay of recoupled magnetization and an inefficient recoupling of long-range dipolar interactions, especially for nuclides with low gyromagnetic ratios. We investigated the use, in symmetry-based 1H heteronuclear recoupling sequences, of a basic R element that was principally designed for efficient homonuclear decoupling. By shortening the time required to suppress the effects of homonuclear dipolar interactions to the duration of a single inversion pulse, spin diffusion was effectively quenched and long-lived recoupled coherence lifetimes ...


Radium Dial Watches, Zainab Alzoubi 2019 Parkland College

Radium Dial Watches, Zainab Alzoubi

Natural Sciences Poster Sessions

This slide presentation for the Natural Sciences Poster Session at Parkland College summarizes the history of radium dial watches, including the Radium Girls, and explores whether radium dial watches might still be dangerous.


Radiolabeled Nanohydroxyapatite As A Platform For The Development Of New Pet Imaging Agents, Stacy Lee Queern 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Radiolabeled Nanohydroxyapatite As A Platform For The Development Of New Pet Imaging Agents, Stacy Lee Queern

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging utilizes drugs labeled with positron emitters to target and evaluate different biological processes occurring in the body. Tailoring medicine to the individual allows for higher quality of care with better diagnosis and treatment and is a key purpose for advancing research into developing new platforms for PET imaging agents. A PET nuclide of high interest for the development of these agents is 89Zr. This can be attributed to the long half-life of 3.27 days and low positron energy of 89Zr.

In this work, we developed a production method for 89Zr using Y sputtered coins ...


Corrosion Dynamics Of Carbon Steel In Used Fuel Container Environments, Dan Guo 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Corrosion Dynamics Of Carbon Steel In Used Fuel Container Environments, Dan Guo

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The current Canadian used nuclear fuel container (UFC) design uses a pressure‑grade carbon steel (CS) vessel with its outer surface coated with a thin layer of copper. One concern regarding the structural integrity of the UFC design is the potential internal corrosion of the CS vessel. Moisture trapped inside a UFC could condense within the gap between the hemispherical head and the cylindrical body of the vessel. The internal UFC environment will be exposed to a continuous flux of ionizing radiation arising from the decay of radionuclides trapped in the used UO2 fuel matrix.

This thesis research project ...


Reducing T1 Noise Through Rapid Scanning, Frederic A. Perras, Marek Pruski 2018 Ames Laboratory

Reducing T1 Noise Through Rapid Scanning, Frederic A. Perras, Marek Pruski

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The so-called t1 noise, which arises due to random instabilities in the spectrometer hardware, remains the primary source of noise that limits the sensitivity of most 2D NMR experiments, particularly in the expanding group of solid-state NMR methods that utilize dipolar-recoupling. In this communication we revisit the relationship between the signal intensity and the t1 noise produced. It is shown that since the latter scales linearly with the signal strength, the use of a conventional relaxation delay of 1.3T1 may prove far from optimal. In cases where the fluctuations occur on a shorter timescale than the recycle delay, a ...


Fundamental Chemistry Related To The Separations And Coordination Of Actinium-225, Thorium-227, And Technetium-99, Jasmine L. Hatcher 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Fundamental Chemistry Related To The Separations And Coordination Of Actinium-225, Thorium-227, And Technetium-99, Jasmine L. Hatcher

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This work explores the fundamental chemistry of actinium, thorium, and technetium in an effort to develop methodologies which help to address complications specific to each of these elements. Developing fundamental knowledge in inorganic chemistry has the power to meaningfully address a number of real world problems. By using simple systems and experiments like following an electron or changing the solvent system, we are able to gain invaluable information which can be used to address major issues.

Actinium-225 (t½: 9.92 d) is an alpha-emitting radionuclide with nuclear properties well suited for alpha therapy of malignant tumors. The present global ...


Spin Alignment Generated In Inelastic Nuclear Reactions, Daniel Hoff 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Spin Alignment Generated In Inelastic Nuclear Reactions, Daniel Hoff

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The spin alignment of inelastically excited 7Li projectiles, when the target remains in its ground state, was determined through angular-correlation measurements between the breakup fragments of 7Li_ (_ + t). It was found that 7Li_ is largely aligned along the beam axis (longitudinal) in this type of inelastic reaction, regardless of the target. This longitudinal alignment is well described by DWBA calculations, which can be explained by an angular-momentum-excitation-energy mismatch condition. These calculations also explain the longitudinal spin alignment of excited nuclei in several other systems, showing the phenomenon is more general. The experiment involving 7Li was performed at the Texas ...


A System For Conducting Laser-Induced Fluorescence Measurements On Gas Mixtures Exposed To Alpha Radiation, Patrick Ables 2018 University of Southern Mississippi

A System For Conducting Laser-Induced Fluorescence Measurements On Gas Mixtures Exposed To Alpha Radiation, Patrick Ables

Master's Theses

This paper documents modifications to an existing vacuum system to allow laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy measurements within simulated atmospheres under a variety of conditions. This added capability will expand the laboratory’s ability to experimentally validate a computational model that calculates the effects of radiation within the atmosphere. The computational model could reveal radiation-induced chemical products that can be used to develop an alternative detection method that can be implemented from a safe distance. The selection of molecules for experimental validation has been limited to those which can be detected utilizing cavity ringdown spectroscopy. The current model indicates nitric oxide and ...


Recommended Corrective Security Measures To Address The Weaknesses Identified Within The Shapash Nuclear Research Institute, Khadija Moussaid, Oum Keltoum Hakam 2018 University of Ibn Tofail

Recommended Corrective Security Measures To Address The Weaknesses Identified Within The Shapash Nuclear Research Institute, Khadija Moussaid, Oum Keltoum Hakam

International Journal of Nuclear Security

The Shapash Nuclear Research Institute (SNRI) data book was issued by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in 2013. The hypothetical facility data book describes the hypothetical site, which is divided into two areas: the low-security area, known as the administrative area, and the very high-security area, known as the protected area. The book contains detailed descriptions of each area’s safety and security measures, along with figures of multiple buildings in both areas, and also includes information about the site’s computer networks.

This paper aims to identify security weaknesses related to the institute’s location, the Administrative Area ...


Enhancing The Sensitivity Of Solid-State Nmr Experiments With Very Low Gyromagnetic Ratio Nuclei With Fast Magic Angle Spinning And Proton Detection, Amrit Venkatesh, Matthew J. Ryan, Abhranil Biswas, Kasuni C. Boteju, Aaron D. Sadow, Aaron J. Rossini 2018 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Enhancing The Sensitivity Of Solid-State Nmr Experiments With Very Low Gyromagnetic Ratio Nuclei With Fast Magic Angle Spinning And Proton Detection, Amrit Venkatesh, Matthew J. Ryan, Abhranil Biswas, Kasuni C. Boteju, Aaron D. Sadow, Aaron J. Rossini

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Many transition metals commonly encountered in inorganic materials and organometallic compounds possess NMR-active nuclei with very low gyromagnetic ratios (γ) such as 89Y, 103Rh, 109Ag, and 183W. A low-γ leads to poor NMR sensitivity and other experimental challenges. Consequently, nuclei with low-γ are often impossible to study with conventional solid-state NMR methods. Here, we combine fast magic angle spinning (MAS) and proton detection to enhance the sensitivity of solid-state NMR experiments with very low-γ nuclei by 1–2 orders of magnitude. Coherence transfer between 1H and low-γ nuclei was performed with low-power double quantum (DQ) or zero quantum (ZQ) cross-polarization ...


Rapid Methods For Actinide And Strontium-89,90 Determination In Urban Matrices, Sherrod Maxwell 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Rapid Methods For Actinide And Strontium-89,90 Determination In Urban Matrices, Sherrod Maxwell

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Rapid radiochemical methods are needed to provide fast, reliable analytical measurements on a variety of different sample matrices in the case of a radiological event to protect the public, mitigate dose and protect the environment. If a radiological dispersive device (RDD), an Improvised Nuclear Device (IND) or a nuclear accident occurs, there will be an urgent need for quick analyses of urban matrices materials to support decision-making, dose mitigation and environmental clean-up. Since an incident involving a RDD or IND will likely occur in an urban or metropolitan area, it is very important to employ swift, robust analytical methods that ...


Use Of Sodium Bismuthate Chromatography For Separation Of Americium From Curium And Other Elements In Spent Nuclear Fuel, Jason Michael Richards 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Use Of Sodium Bismuthate Chromatography For Separation Of Americium From Curium And Other Elements In Spent Nuclear Fuel, Jason Michael Richards

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

A novel method for partitioning americium from curium has been developed using sodium bismuthate as both an oxidant and a separation medium. The presence of americium and curium in nuclear waste increases the heat load in geological repositories and leads to larger waste volumes. These elements are also the source of most of the long-term radiotoxicity of the waste. However, the heat load and long-term radiotoxicity contribution from americium is much greater than that from curium. The contribution of curium to the heat load and radiotoxicity of the waste is significant on the same time scale as longer-lived fission products ...


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