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Intellectual Property As A Determinant Of Health, Ana Santos Rutschman 2021 Saint Louis University - School of Law

Intellectual Property As A Determinant Of Health, Ana Santos Rutschman

All Faculty Scholarship

Public health literature has long recognized the existence of determinants of health, a set of socio-economic conditions that affect health risks and health outcomes across the world. The World Health Organization defines these determinants as “forces and systems” consisting of “factors combin[ing] together to affect the health of individuals and communities.” Frameworks relying on determinants of health have been widely adopted by countries in the global South and North alike, as well as international institutional players, several of which are direct or indirect players in transnational intellectual property (IP) policymaking. Issues raised by the implementation of IP policies, however ...


The Intellectual Property Of Covid-19, Ana Santos Rutschman 2021 Saint Louis University School of Law

The Intellectual Property Of Covid-19, Ana Santos Rutschman

All Faculty Scholarship

The response to COVID-19 is indissolubly tied to intellectual property. In an increasingly globalized world in which infectious disease pathogens travel faster and wider than before, the development of vaccines, treatments and other forms of medical technology has become an integral part of public health preparedness and response frameworks. The development of these technologies, and to a certain extent the allocation and distribution of resulting outputs, is informed by intellectual property regimes. These regimes influence the commitment of R&D resources, shape scientific collaborations and, in some cases, may condition the widespread availability of emerging technologies. As seen throughout this ...


Creation Of A Covid-19 Community Testing Team For Home Health And Hospice, Lilah Raja 2020 The University of San Francisco

Creation Of A Covid-19 Community Testing Team For Home Health And Hospice, Lilah Raja

Master's Projects and Capstones

The novel SARS-CoV-2 strain (COVID-19) was identified in Wuhan, China in December 2019 (Eddy et. al, 2020). The resulting US outbreak has affected the Kaiser Permanente (KP) Oakland health care system. With the threat of COVID-19 highest among immunosuppressed and elderly clients, KP Oakland home health and hospice (HH/HO) department is rapidly mobilizing to provide community and in-home testing for eligible clients. A project was created to build a COVID-19 testing team workflow to provide diagnostic and preventative testing. This project focuses on team-based interventions that will change the pre-existing practice of requiring HH/HO clients to travel to ...


Cellphone Laws And Teens' Calling While Driving: Analysis Of Repeated Cross-Sectional Surveys In 2013, 2015, 2017, And 2019, Li Li, Caitlin N. Pope, Rebecca R. Andridge, Julie K. Bower, Guoqing Hu, Motao Zhu 2020 The Ohio State University

Cellphone Laws And Teens' Calling While Driving: Analysis Of Repeated Cross-Sectional Surveys In 2013, 2015, 2017, And 2019, Li Li, Caitlin N. Pope, Rebecca R. Andridge, Julie K. Bower, Guoqing Hu, Motao Zhu

Graduate Center for Gerontology Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Distracted driving among teens is a public health and safety concern. Most states in the U.S. have sought to restrict cellphone use while driving by enacting laws. This study examines the difference in prevalence of self-reported calling while driving (CWD) between states with different cellphone bans.

METHODS: Demographics and CWD data were extracted from state Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBS) from 14 states in 2013, 2015, 2017, and 2019. The state YRBS is conducted every 2 years with a representative sample of 9th through 12th grade students attending public school. States were grouped by type of cellphone law ...


Covid-19 Viral Testing Disparities In Los Angeles City, Laura Cyphers 2020 Chapman University

Covid-19 Viral Testing Disparities In Los Angeles City, Laura Cyphers

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Hispanic and Black communities have been disproportionately impacted by COVID-19-related morbidity and mortality (California Department of Public Health, 2020). Inequitable access to viral testing resources may have exacerbated these COVID-19-related racial and ethnic health disparities. For example, reports from the Los Angeles Department of Public Health revealed glaring viral testing disparities in April 2020 (early pandemic), with predominantly White communities in Los Angeles County receiving 65% more tests than Hispanic and Black communities. In response, California statewide testing was expanded for communities of color (Vann et al., 2020). To investigate access to viral testing in Los Angeles City, the current ...


Effects Of Climate Change On The Epidemiology Of Flood-Related Waterborne Disease: A Systematic Literature Review, Sarah M. Cadarette 2020 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Effects Of Climate Change On The Epidemiology Of Flood-Related Waterborne Disease: A Systematic Literature Review, Sarah M. Cadarette

Capstone Experience

Natural disasters, such as flooding related to extreme precipitation, can lead to many adverse health effects (i.e. waterborne disease). Several outbreaks of waterborne disease have been linked to extreme precipitation, and gastrointestinal infection has been shown to increase after floods. Climate change is likely to lead to a higher frequency of waterborne disease through increases in extreme precipitation and associated flooding affecting water and sanitation infrastructure. This review sought to answer 2 research questions: 1. Has the epidemiology of waterborne disease related to floods changed over time? 2. Can this difference be related to climate change? A literature search ...


Age, Comorbidities, And Mortality Correlation In Covid-19 Patients: A Review, Vidyulata Salunkhe, Amr Aboelnasr, Parul Pahal, Nida Qadir, Simra Kiran, Balaji Sekaran, Omar Fahmy, Farah Daas, Syed Shah 2020 University of Louisville

Age, Comorbidities, And Mortality Correlation In Covid-19 Patients: A Review, Vidyulata Salunkhe, Amr Aboelnasr, Parul Pahal, Nida Qadir, Simra Kiran, Balaji Sekaran, Omar Fahmy, Farah Daas, Syed Shah

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: The risk of death due to COVID-19 among hospitalized patients is known to be higher in older adults and those with underlying health conditions. Understanding the percentage of patients who are at increased risk of death due COVID-19 and how this varies between age groups will inform the healthcare community how to evaluate the risk of COVID-19, and better design healthcare and economic policies.

Methods: We conducted a literature search for studies published between December 2019 until May 16, 2020 in PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane (CENTRAL). Descriptive statistics were performed.

Results: We reviewed 14 studies of which 13 were ...


Applying Immuno-Epidemiology Principles To Violence, Anna H. Sisk, Nina H. Fefferman, Judy Day, Patricia Bamwine 2020 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Applying Immuno-Epidemiology Principles To Violence, Anna H. Sisk, Nina H. Fefferman, Judy Day, Patricia Bamwine

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Analyzing The Control Measures For The Homeless Population And Quantifying Their Impact On The Covid-19 Epidemic In New York City, Steven Manns 2020 Illinois State University

Analyzing The Control Measures For The Homeless Population And Quantifying Their Impact On The Covid-19 Epidemic In New York City, Steven Manns

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Modeling And Preparedness: The Transmission Dynamics Of Covid-19 Outbreak In Provinces Of Ecuador, Carlos E. Bustamante Orellana, Jordy Cevallos-Chavez, Cesar Montalvo, Jeff Sulliavan, Edwin Michael, Anuj Mubayi 2020 Arizona State University at the Tempe Campus

Modeling And Preparedness: The Transmission Dynamics Of Covid-19 Outbreak In Provinces Of Ecuador, Carlos E. Bustamante Orellana, Jordy Cevallos-Chavez, Cesar Montalvo, Jeff Sulliavan, Edwin Michael, Anuj Mubayi

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Interventions On Chlamydia And Trichomoniasis Epidemiological Models Based On A Donovanosis Eradication Plan, Frances Aponte-Caraballo 2020 University of Puerto Rico, Cayey Campus

Interventions On Chlamydia And Trichomoniasis Epidemiological Models Based On A Donovanosis Eradication Plan, Frances Aponte-Caraballo

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Assess The Impacts Of Human Mobility Change On Covid-19 Using Differential Equations With Google Community Mobility Data, Nao Yamamoto 2020 Illinois State University

Assess The Impacts Of Human Mobility Change On Covid-19 Using Differential Equations With Google Community Mobility Data, Nao Yamamoto

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Mathematical Modeling, Analysis, And Simulation Of The Covid-19 Pandemic With Behavioral Patterns, Risk Perception, And Group Mixing, Comfort Ohajunwa, Padmanabhan Seshaiyer 2020 The Governor's School at Innovation Park

Mathematical Modeling, Analysis, And Simulation Of The Covid-19 Pandemic With Behavioral Patterns, Risk Perception, And Group Mixing, Comfort Ohajunwa, Padmanabhan Seshaiyer

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Deep Learning With Physics Informed Neural Networks For The Airborne Spread Of Covid-19 In Enclosed Spaces, Udbhav Muthakana, Padmanabhan Seshaiyer, Maziar Raissi, Long Nguyen 2020 George Mason University

Deep Learning With Physics Informed Neural Networks For The Airborne Spread Of Covid-19 In Enclosed Spaces, Udbhav Muthakana, Padmanabhan Seshaiyer, Maziar Raissi, Long Nguyen

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Protective Measures, 2020 DePaul University

Protective Measures

Scientia

When the COVID-19 pandemic hit the United States and engulfed frontline health care providers, faculty, staff and students in the College of Science and Health stepped in to help by donating and fabricating personal protective equipment (PPE).


Pulmonary Embolism Related To Covid-19 Quarantine, Eduardo J. Quinteros MD, Juan Bisonni MD 2020 Clinica Privada Mayo Bell Ville

Pulmonary Embolism Related To Covid-19 Quarantine, Eduardo J. Quinteros Md, Juan Bisonni Md

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

The mandatory quarantine imposed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic has been related to an increase in cases of thromboembolism in non-COVID-19 patients. Particularly in countries like Argentina where strict quarantine was mandated, individuals were far less likely to risk being outside or observing healthy practices that would maintain the exacerbation of diseases such as thromboembolism. We report the case of a patient with pulmonary thromboembolism without usual triggering causes during the quarantine period, related to a previously undiagnosed hypercoagulable condition.


Evidence Of Nickel And Other Trace Elements And Their Relationship To Clinical Findings In Acute Mesoamerican Nephropathy: A Case-Control Analysis, Rebecca S. B. Fischer, Jason M. Unrine, Chandan Vangala, Wayne T. Sanderson, Sreedhar Mandayam, Kristy O. Murray 2020 Baylor College of Medicine

Evidence Of Nickel And Other Trace Elements And Their Relationship To Clinical Findings In Acute Mesoamerican Nephropathy: A Case-Control Analysis, Rebecca S. B. Fischer, Jason M. Unrine, Chandan Vangala, Wayne T. Sanderson, Sreedhar Mandayam, Kristy O. Murray

Plant and Soil Sciences Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Although there are several hypothesized etiologies of Mesoamerican Nephropathy (MeN), evidence has not yet pointed to the underlying cause. Exposure to various trace elements can cause the clinical features observed in MeN.

METHODS AND FINDINGS: We measured 15 trace elements, including heavy metals, in renal case-patients (n = 18) and healthy controls (n = 36) in a MeN high-risk region of Nicaragua. Toenails clippings from study participants were analyzed using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. A case-control analysis was performed, and concentrations were also analyzed over participant characteristics and clinical parameters. Nickel (Ni) concentrations were significantly higher in toenails from cases ...


Childhood Health And The Changing Distribution Of Foreign Aid: Evidence From Nigeria’S Transition To Lower-Middle-Income Status, Carrie B. Dolan, McKinley Saunders, Ariel BenYishay 2020 College of William and Mary

Childhood Health And The Changing Distribution Of Foreign Aid: Evidence From Nigeria’S Transition To Lower-Middle-Income Status, Carrie B. Dolan, Mckinley Saunders, Ariel Benyishay

Arts & Sciences Articles

With sustained economic growth in many parts of the developing world, an increasing number of countries are transitioning away from the most subsidized development finance as they exceed income and other qualification requirements. Cross-country evidence suggests that Development Assistance Committee (DAC) donors view the crossing over of the World Bank’s International Development Association (IDA) eligibility threshold to signal that a country needs less aid, with subsequent reductions in both IDA and other donors’ concessional funding. Within the health sector, it is particularly important to understand the implications of these status changes for children under five years of age since ...


Congregate Care In The Time Of Covid-19: Proposed Best Practices From The Inside, Linda Bergthold, Margan Zajdowicz, Thaddeus R. Zajdowicz, Elli Hall, Kimberley A. Buckner, Ruth Carrico 2020 Health Policy Consultant (Retired)

Congregate Care In The Time Of Covid-19: Proposed Best Practices From The Inside, Linda Bergthold, Margan Zajdowicz, Thaddeus R. Zajdowicz, Elli Hall, Kimberley A. Buckner, Ruth Carrico

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Gender And Racial Disparity For Hospital Emergency Service Usage In Usa: A Quantitative Analysis For Various Age Groups During 2010–2017., Subhendra N. Sarkar, Anthony F. DeVito, Evans Lespinasse, Faisal Khosa 2020 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Gender And Racial Disparity For Hospital Emergency Service Usage In Usa: A Quantitative Analysis For Various Age Groups During 2010–2017., Subhendra N. Sarkar, Anthony F. Devito, Evans Lespinasse, Faisal Khosa

Publications and Research

Background: Annually emergency department (ED) services are utilized by more than 100 million Americans making ED usage trends important determinants of healthcare quality, outcomes and cost. Previous workers have demonstrated the existence of disparity in various healthcare services in USA although a comprehensive analysis has not been undertaken. Dahlgren and Whitehead rainbow model has offered insights for multiple factors of influence on an individual’s health and focuses on the relationships among these factors. The Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH; WHO initiatives) suggests that the social and environmental factors are at the root of most of the inequalities ...


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