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4,081 full-text articles. Page 1 of 176.

Lessons Learned: Covid-19 In Post-Corrections Secured Behavioral Rehabilitation, Jennifer G. Jones, Maria deValpine, Erica J. Lewis 2022 James Madison University

Lessons Learned: Covid-19 In Post-Corrections Secured Behavioral Rehabilitation, Jennifer G. Jones, Maria Devalpine, Erica J. Lewis

Virginia Journal of Public Health

Background: The COVID-19 case rate on June 5, 2020, for prisoners in the United States (US) was 5.5 times higher than the US population case rate (Saloner et al., 2020). Secure facilities were challenged to mitigate the spread of COVID-19. One secure behavioral rehabilitation facility made many changes to facility and program protocols to meet this challenge.

Methods: The purpose of this program evaluation was to assess newly implemented infection control measures at a secure behavioral rehabilitation facility and to inform policy and procedure recommendations for the mitigation of COVID-19 transmission in congregate living facilities in the future. Case ...


Assessing Impact Of Covid-19 Pandemic On Receipt And Timeliness Of Newborn Hearing Screening And Diagnostic Services Among Infants Born In Four States, SUHANA EMA, Sana Charania, Xidong Deng, Charles Rose, Craig A. Mason, Marcus Gaffney, Brandt Culpepper, Michael Lo, Tri Tran, Marcia Fort 2022 National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA

Assessing Impact Of Covid-19 Pandemic On Receipt And Timeliness Of Newborn Hearing Screening And Diagnostic Services Among Infants Born In Four States, Suhana Ema, Sana Charania, Xidong Deng, Charles Rose, Craig A. Mason, Marcus Gaffney, Brandt Culpepper, Michael Lo, Tri Tran, Marcia Fort

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

The study compares receipt and timeliness of newborn hearing screening and follow-up diagnostic services between the pre-pandemic birth cohort and the pandemic birth cohort in four participating states. Findings from this study will help inform state Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) programs in the future should major public health event occur again.


A Review Of Risk Concepts And Models For Predicting The Risk Of Primary Stroke, Elizabeth Hunter, John D. Kelleher 2022 Technological University Dublin

A Review Of Risk Concepts And Models For Predicting The Risk Of Primary Stroke, Elizabeth Hunter, John D. Kelleher

Articles

Predicting an individual's risk of primary stroke is an important tool that can help to lower the burden of stroke for both the individual and society. There are a number of risk models and risk scores in existence but no review or classification designed to help the reader better understand how models differ and the reasoning behind these differences. In this paper we review the existing literature on primary stroke risk prediction models. From our literature review we identify key similarities and differences in the existing models. We find that models can differ in a number of ways, including ...


Modeling The Role Of Land Conversion On The Spread Of An Epizootic Disease, Dustin Padilla 2022 Arizona State University

Modeling The Role Of Land Conversion On The Spread Of An Epizootic Disease, Dustin Padilla

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


An Agent-Based Model Of Environmental Transmission Of Clostridioides Difficile In Healthcare Settings, Max Lewis, Laila Mahrat, Cara Sulyok, Brittany Stephenson 2022 Lewis University

An Agent-Based Model Of Environmental Transmission Of Clostridioides Difficile In Healthcare Settings, Max Lewis, Laila Mahrat, Cara Sulyok, Brittany Stephenson

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Programmatic Impacts Of Utilizing Various Staffing Options For Covid-19 Contact Tracers: Recommendations And Lessons Learned, Michael Wiese, Alison Oberne, Laura Rusnak, Patrick Rodriguez, Matawal Makut 2022 University of South Florida

Programmatic Impacts Of Utilizing Various Staffing Options For Covid-19 Contact Tracers: Recommendations And Lessons Learned, Michael Wiese, Alison Oberne, Laura Rusnak, Patrick Rodriguez, Matawal Makut

Florida Public Health Review

Background: The rapidly expanding COVID-19 pandemic created an immediate demand for the Department of Health in Hillsborough County (DOH-Hillsborough) Epidemiology Program to supplement its contact tracing workforce; and, because of the long duration of the response, a sustained workforce was needed. The DOH-Hillsborough Epidemiology Program’s COVID-19 response, broadly referred to as “contact tracing”, included case investigations, outbreaks, and identification and notifications to exposed individuals. To meet contact tracing staffing needs, several staffing options were utilized, including Core Epidemiology Staff, Reassigned DOH-Hillsborough staff (Reassigned Staff), Contracted staffing agency hires (Contract Staff), State of Florida hires (State Level Hires), County hires ...


A Descriptive Analysis Of Patients With Attempted Suicide At A Rural Level I Trauma Center, Evelyn Coile, Tatiana Eversley-Kelso, Eric K. Shaw, Cynthia Ponir, Mickey M. Ott 2022 Memorial Health University Medical Center

A Descriptive Analysis Of Patients With Attempted Suicide At A Rural Level I Trauma Center, Evelyn Coile, Tatiana Eversley-Kelso, Eric K. Shaw, Cynthia Ponir, Mickey M. Ott

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Objectives

For patients with self-harm, suicide attempt, or suicide completion, the trauma bay is often the single point of contact. Regional differences and patterns exist for suicide that should be studied to enhance preventive strategies. Our goal was to critically evaluate the suicidal population of Southeast Georgia over a 9-year period.

Methods

A retrospective review of our trauma database from January 2010 through December 2019 was conducted at a Level I Trauma Center. All ages were included. All patients arriving with attempted suicide or death due to a suicidal complication were included. Patients with deaths highly suspicious for suicide were ...


The Experiences And Challenges Of Community Health Volunteers As Agents For Behaviour Change Programming In Africa: A Scoping Review, Mary Ndu, Ellena Andoniou, Sorcha McNally, Francisco Olea Popelka, Marisa Tippet, Elysee Nouvet 2022 University of Western Ontario

The Experiences And Challenges Of Community Health Volunteers As Agents For Behaviour Change Programming In Africa: A Scoping Review, Mary Ndu, Ellena Andoniou, Sorcha Mcnally, Francisco Olea Popelka, Marisa Tippet, Elysee Nouvet

Health Studies Publications

ommunity health volunteers are considered a vital part of the community health structure in Africa. Despite this vital role in African health systems, very little is known about the community health volunteers’ day-to-day lived experiences providing services in communities and supporting other health workers. This scoping review aims to advance understanding of the day-to-day experiences of community health volunteers in Africa. In doing so, this review draws attention to these under-considered actors in African health systems and identifies critical factors and conditions that represent challenges to community health volunteers’ work in this context. Ultimately, our goal is to provide a ...


An Algorithm For Indoor Sars-Cov-2 Transmission, Daniel Maxin, Spencer Gannon 2022 Valparaiso University

An Algorithm For Indoor Sars-Cov-2 Transmission, Daniel Maxin, Spencer Gannon

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

We propose a computer modeling approach for SARS-CoV-2 transmission that can be preferable to a purely mathematical framework. It is illustrated its functionality in a specific case of indoor transmission. Based on literature, we assume that infection is due to aerosols with viral particles that persist and accumulate for hours in the air even after the persons who produced them left the space. We incorporate also restricted opening hours as a mitigation measure and one possible behavioral change in response to this measure. It is shown via several examples how this algorithmic modeling approach can be used to run various ...


Debunking Covid-19 Myths In Utah, Jessica Ulrich-Schad, Aaron Hunt 2022 Utah State University

Debunking Covid-19 Myths In Utah, Jessica Ulrich-Schad, Aaron Hunt

All Current Publications

Authors identified common myths about the COVID-19 vaccine and booster from a survey of over 500 adults across the state of Utah. This poster displays the myths and the respective facts. It includes links for finding more information and a place to get vaccinated or boosted.


What? Is Epstein–Barr Virus Infection Linked To Multiple Sclerosis?, Asha Mahajan, Steven B Lippmann 2022 University of Louisville

What? Is Epstein–Barr Virus Infection Linked To Multiple Sclerosis?, Asha Mahajan, Steven B Lippmann

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Examining The Association Between A Modified Quan Charlson Comorbidity Index (Qcci) And Viral Suppression: A Cross Sectional Analysis Of Dc Cohort Participants, Hasmin C. Ramirez, Lauren O’Connor, Morgan Byrne, Anne Monroe 2022 George Washington University

Examining The Association Between A Modified Quan Charlson Comorbidity Index (Qcci) And Viral Suppression: A Cross Sectional Analysis Of Dc Cohort Participants, Hasmin C. Ramirez, Lauren O’Connor, Morgan Byrne, Anne Monroe

Epidemiology Faculty Posters and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Quality Of Life In Older And Younger People With Hiv And Diabetes, Lauren F. O’Connor, La’Marcus Wingate, Sam Simmens, Amanda D. Castel, Anne K. Monroe 2022 George Washington University

Quality Of Life In Older And Younger People With Hiv And Diabetes, Lauren F. O’Connor, La’Marcus Wingate, Sam Simmens, Amanda D. Castel, Anne K. Monroe

Epidemiology Faculty Posters and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Probing Mechanisms Of Binding And Allostery In The Sars-Cov-2 Spike Omicron Variant Complexes With The Host Receptor: Revealing Functional Roles Of The Binding Hotspots In Mediating Epistatic Effects And Communication With Allosteric Pockets, Gennady M. Verkhivker, Steve Agajanian, Ryan Kassab, Keerthi Krishnan 2022 Chapman University

Probing Mechanisms Of Binding And Allostery In The Sars-Cov-2 Spike Omicron Variant Complexes With The Host Receptor: Revealing Functional Roles Of The Binding Hotspots In Mediating Epistatic Effects And Communication With Allosteric Pockets, Gennady M. Verkhivker, Steve Agajanian, Ryan Kassab, Keerthi Krishnan

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

In this study, we performed all-atom MD simulations of RBD–ACE2 complexes for BA.1, BA.1.1, BA.2, and BA.3 Omicron subvariants, conducted a systematic mutational scanning of the RBD–ACE2 binding interfaces and analysis of electrostatic effects. The binding free energy computations of the Omicron RBD–ACE2 complexes and comprehensive examination of the electrostatic interactions quantify the driving forces of binding and provide new insights into energetic mechanisms underlying evolutionary differences between Omicron variants. A systematic mutational scanning of the RBD residues determines the protein stability centers and binding energy hotpots in the Omicron RBD–ACE2 ...


Do You Know The Pathophysiology Of Cytokine Storm During Covid-19?, Shameera Shaik Masthan, Deekshitha Turaka, Ahmed Abdelhaleem, Mounica Vorla, Steven B. Lippmann 2022 University of Louisville

Do You Know The Pathophysiology Of Cytokine Storm During Covid-19?, Shameera Shaik Masthan, Deekshitha Turaka, Ahmed Abdelhaleem, Mounica Vorla, Steven B. Lippmann

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Omicron Variants Of The Sars-Cov-2: A Potentially Significant Threat In A New Wave Of Infections, Lukasz Szarpak, Michal Pruc, Alla Navolokina, Kavita Batra, Francesco Chirico, Charles De Roquetaillade 2022 Baylor College of Medicine Houston

Omicron Variants Of The Sars-Cov-2: A Potentially Significant Threat In A New Wave Of Infections, Lukasz Szarpak, Michal Pruc, Alla Navolokina, Kavita Batra, Francesco Chirico, Charles De Roquetaillade

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

From the beginning, the COVID-19 pandemic turned out to be a huge challenge and burden for medical services [1]. Currently, humanity is dealing with a new wave of the virus that has evolved and presents a new challenge, mainly due to its ability to avoid immune surveillance. Indeed, our main line of defense — vaccines — may be compromised. Omicron variants are characterized by an evolutionary force unprecedented so far. Among the several sublines that have already emerged, the BA.5 strain exhibit higher transmissibility and demonstrates a worrisome immune evasion. According to several laboratory investigations, vaccination-induced antibodies are less successful at ...


A Novel Approach To Assessment Of Us Pediatric Trauma System Development., Mary E. Fallat, Colin Traeger, Sophie Humphrey, Lindsey Gumer, Kahir Jawad, Elissa Butler, Frederick B. Rogers, Frederick P. Rivara, Amelia T. Collings 2022 University of Louisville

A Novel Approach To Assessment Of Us Pediatric Trauma System Development., Mary E. Fallat, Colin Traeger, Sophie Humphrey, Lindsey Gumer, Kahir Jawad, Elissa Butler, Frederick B. Rogers, Frederick P. Rivara, Amelia T. Collings

Faculty Scholarship

Importance Mature trauma systems are critical in building and maintaining national, state, and local resilience against all-hazard disasters. Currently, pediatric state trauma system plans are not standardized and thus are without concrete measures of potential effectiveness.

Objective To develop objective measures of pediatric trauma system capability at the state level, hypothesizing significant variation in capabilities between states, and to provide a contemporary report on the status of national pediatric trauma system planning and development.

Design, Setting, and Participants A national survey was deployed in 2018 to perform a gap analysis of state pediatric trauma system capabilities. Four officials from each ...


Patterns And Determinants Of Hiv Postexposure Prophylaxis In A Tertiary Health Facility In Nigeria, Onyinye H. Chime, Edmund O Ndibuagu, Wilfred O. Okenwa 2022 Department of Community Medicine, Enugu State University College of Medicine, Enugu

Patterns And Determinants Of Hiv Postexposure Prophylaxis In A Tertiary Health Facility In Nigeria, Onyinye H. Chime, Edmund O Ndibuagu, Wilfred O. Okenwa

International Journal of Health and Allied Sciences

Background: One of the targets of HIV prevention strategy is to ensure that 95% of the population access prevention services by 2030 with the aspiration of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030. Methods: This is a record-based cross-sectional review. Data was extracted from the PEP registers and treatment folders from January 2017 to December 2021. Results: Non-occupational exposure (82.5%) was reported more than occupational (17.5%). Majority of cases (442) resulted from rape. Only 9.1% of the clients returned for follow-up and all were negative. Conclusion: Behavioral interventions designed to promote HIV risk reduction and protective behaviors should ...


Anxiety And Depression Prevalence In Chinese Patients With Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease:A Meta-Analysis, Jinchi Zhou co-first authors, Weijia Dou co-first authors, Yan Wei, Shuguang Zhao, Wei Han, Hao Cheng, Zhenxiong Liu 2022 Department of Gastroenterology,Tangdu Hospital,Air Force Medical University,Xi'an 710038,China

Anxiety And Depression Prevalence In Chinese Patients With Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease:A Meta-Analysis, Jinchi Zhou Co-First Authors, Weijia Dou Co-First Authors, Yan Wei, Shuguang Zhao, Wei Han, Hao Cheng, Zhenxiong Liu

General Practice in China

Background Gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD)is a common digestive disease with high global incidence trend,which may cause serious psychological burden on patients,and is closely related to anxiety and depression prevalence in them.Therefore,accurate understanding of the mental state of GERD will contribute to better diagnosis and treatment of GERD.However,there is no systematic analysis of mental status and GERD in Chinese population. Objective To perform a Meta-analysis of studies regarding anxiety and depression prevalence in Chinese GERD patients.Methods Investigative studies on anxiety and depression in Chinese GERD patients published from January 2000 to May 2020 ...


The Prevalence Of Cerebral Palsy In Children Aged 0-6 Years In China:A Meta-Analysis, Yuxia Feng, Wei Peng, Xin Li, Shunbo Yang, Shiyu Liu, Shuqing Lu 2022 1.Rehabilitation Medicine of Jiamusi University,Jiamusi 154003,China 2.Children Neural Rehabilitation Laboratory of Jiamusi University,Jiamusi 154003,China

The Prevalence Of Cerebral Palsy In Children Aged 0-6 Years In China:A Meta-Analysis, Yuxia Feng, Wei Peng, Xin Li, Shunbo Yang, Shiyu Liu, Shuqing Lu

General Practice in China

BackgroundAs one of the main causes of children's disability, cerebral palsy (hereinafter referred to as CP) affects the improvement of our population quality. At present, the results of researches on the prevalence of children suffering from CP in our country are quite different, and there is a lack of epidemiological studies based on larger sample sizes and the current prevalence of CP. ObjectiveTo learn about the prevalence of CP in children aged 0~6 years in China. MethodsLiteratures on the prevalence of CP in children aged 0~6 years in China were retrievaled through computer in PubMed, Web of ...


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