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Can The Scale-Free Networks, Improve The Prediction Of Pertussis Infection Rates?, Kimia Ameri 2018 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Can The Scale-Free Networks, Improve The Prediction Of Pertussis Infection Rates?, Kimia Ameri

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Whooping cough is a highly contagious disease with randomness pattern of infection. Outbreaks of whooping cough have increased over the past few years and has drawn the attention of health care providers. Understanding the spread mechanisms of contagious disease is very important and timely. Extension of contagious disease depends on many complicated factors including pathogen and host environment, exposed population and their activities. In this work, we try to find best prediction for the exposed population. A new SEIR model based on network (NB-SEIR) proposed to improve the accuracy of prediction for number of infected individuals. For this purpose, the ...


Effectiveness Of A Federal Healthy Start Program In Reducing Infant Mortality, Ronee E. Wilson, Hamisu M. Salihu, Jason L. Salemi, Priyanshi Patel, Rana Daas, Estrellita "Lo" Berry 2018 University of South Florida

Effectiveness Of A Federal Healthy Start Program In Reducing Infant Mortality, Ronee E. Wilson, Hamisu M. Salihu, Jason L. Salemi, Priyanshi Patel, Rana Daas, Estrellita "Lo" Berry

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Objective: Infant mortality is an important indicator of the health status of a community. In this analysis, we aimed to evaluate temporal changes in infant mortality rates (IMR) in the Central Hillsborough Healthy Start (CHHS) program service area in Tampa, Florida compared to rates in the rest of Hillsborough County and the state.

Method: We conducted a five-year (2010-2014) trends analysis using birth and infant death data extracted from the Florida Community Health Assessment Resource Tool Set (CHARTS). The number of infant deaths and live births were used to calculate and compare IMRs in the CHHS catchment area to those ...


Race And “Hotspots” Of Preventable Hospitalizations, Caryn N. Bell, Janice V. Bowie, Roland J. Thorpe Jr. 2018 University of Maryland, College Park

Race And “Hotspots” Of Preventable Hospitalizations, Caryn N. Bell, Janice V. Bowie, Roland J. Thorpe Jr.

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Abstract

Preventable hospitalizations (PHs) are those for ambulatory care-sensitive conditions that indicate insufficiencies in local primary healthcare. PH rates tend to be higher among African Americans, in urban centers, rural areas and areas with more African American residents. The objective of this study is to determine geographic clusters of high PH rates (“spatial clusters”) by race. Data from Maryland hospitals were utilized to determine the rates of PHs in zip code tabulation areas (ZCTAs) by race in 2010. Geographic clusters of ZCTAs with higher than expected PH rates were identified using Scan Statistic and Anselin’s Local Moran’s I ...


Persistence With Mammography Screening And Stage At Breast Cancer Diagnosis Among Elderly Appalachia-West Virginia Women, Ami Vyas, Suresh Madhavan, Usha Sambamoorthi 2018 University of Rhode Island

Persistence With Mammography Screening And Stage At Breast Cancer Diagnosis Among Elderly Appalachia-West Virginia Women, Ami Vyas, Suresh Madhavan, Usha Sambamoorthi

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

The objective of this study is to evaluate the association between persistence with mammography screening and stage at breast cancer diagnosis in elderly Appalachia-West Virginia women diagnosed with first incident breast cancer. The study utilized West Virginia Cancer Registry-Medicare linked database to identify women age 70 and above diagnosed with first incident breast cancer in 2007. Persistence to mammography screening was defined as having had at least three mammography screenings before breast cancer diagnosis. A multiple logistic regression was conducted to assess the association between persistence with mammography screening and stage at breast cancer diagnosis in these women. Of the ...


Challenges Of Aging With The Hiv Virus And Comorbidities, Rommie Navylia Abele 2018 Walden University

Challenges Of Aging With The Hiv Virus And Comorbidities, Rommie Navylia Abele

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Since the introduction of antiretroviral therapy, the survival rate of infected HIV patients has been on the rise with a predicted increase by 2030. The longer a person lives with the virus, the more prone to HIV-associated chronic diseases he or she becomes, but it is not clear whether these diseases are solely from aging with the virus or from long-term use of antiretroviral therapy. Scientists demonstrated that the introduction of antiretroviral therapy led to an increased life expectancy yet early onset of comorbidities; however, they failed to address the challenges that people 50 years old or older face, as ...


Association Between Adaptive Sports Programs And Quality Of Life Among Amputee Veterans, Sean V. Seay 2018 Walden University

Association Between Adaptive Sports Programs And Quality Of Life Among Amputee Veterans, Sean V. Seay

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Adaptive sports programs (ASPs) are important for enhancing the physical, psychological, and social aspects of life for amputee combat veterans while reducing the risk of depression and anger. Although the role of ASPs in improving quality of life (QoL) has been researched in relation to amputee combat veterans of World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War, there has been limited examination of the role of ASPs in improving QoL among veterans of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), and Operation Noble Eagle (OND). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the effects of ...


Effects Of Micronutrients On The Status Of Hiv-Infected African American Women, Veronica Alicia Graham 2018 Walden University

Effects Of Micronutrients On The Status Of Hiv-Infected African American Women, Veronica Alicia Graham

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Weight loss among HIV-infected African American women (AAW), results in the fall of the cluster of differentiation (CD4) cell count and an increase in the viral load. There are 48,126 HIV-infected AAW who reported weight loss within the first year. AAW who report more than 10% weight loss within the first year progress to AIDS due to a deficiency in micronutrients and poor linkage to care. The phenomenon that occurs with individuals living with HIV does not necessarily occur among individuals who have cancer, heart disease, or some other life-threatening illness, and this phenomenon indicates a direct threat to ...


Diabetic Adult Access To Medical Care And Race And Ethnicity In Connecticut, Natacha Bertine Jerome 2018 Walden University

Diabetic Adult Access To Medical Care And Race And Ethnicity In Connecticut, Natacha Bertine Jerome

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Diabetes is among the leading causes of death in Connecticut. An approximate of 330,000 adults in Connecticut have diabetes (diagnosed and undiagnosed). Those with diabetes have almost twice the risk of premature death throughout various age groups. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to investigate whether disparities exist in access to medical care due to race and ethnicity; among adults with diabetes in the state of Connecticut. Furthermore, this study used the Andersen's behavioral model framework. Survey data from the behavioral risk factor surveillance system (BRFSS) were also analyzed. The research study covered 3 years (2013 to ...


Knowledge, Perceived Barriers, And Preventive Behaviors Associated With Cardiovascular Disease Among Gallaudet University Employees, Andy Kenji Tao 2018 Walden University

Knowledge, Perceived Barriers, And Preventive Behaviors Associated With Cardiovascular Disease Among Gallaudet University Employees, Andy Kenji Tao

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

When the Minority Health Improvement and Health Disparity Elimination Act of 2007 went into effect, there was a corresponding increase in research focused on cardiovascular disease (CVD) in underrepresented groups, except for 1: culturally Deaf Americans. Guided by the health belief model, the purpose of this study was to determine if there were significant differences in the level of knowledge, perceived barriers, and preventive behaviors associated with CVD among Deaf and hearing employees at Gallaudet University, Washington D.C. This cross-sectional quantitative research study used a survey with questions derived from 2 existing national surveys. One hundred eighty-six subjects were ...


Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection In New York And North Carolina, Kehinde O. Abiodun 2018 Walden University

Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection In New York And North Carolina, Kehinde O. Abiodun

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

In the United States, many hospitalized patients with indwelling urinary catheters acquire catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) during their hospital stay. CAUTI negatively affects peoples' health and quality of life and causes a financial burden to individuals and the nation. The purpose of this quantitative cross-sectional study was to explore the relationship between gender, age, and hospital types and CAUTI incidence in New York and North Carolina over a 3-year period. The theoretical framework of choice was the Donabedian model. Simple logistic regression and hierarchical multivariable logistic regression analysis were performed on archival data that was requested from Healthcare Cost ...


Cultural And Environmental Determinants Of Dental Discoloration Among School-Aged Children In Nigeria, Ogbudu Gabriel Ada 2018 Walden University

Cultural And Environmental Determinants Of Dental Discoloration Among School-Aged Children In Nigeria, Ogbudu Gabriel Ada

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Dental discoloration from fluorosis is a global public health problem. In Nigeria, 11.4% of the population is impacted by this disorder. Dental discoloration is caused by successive exposures to high fluoride concentrations during tooth development in utero and it is linked to the development of a variety of psychological and physiological problems, from dental aesthetics to a reduction in intelligence and skeletal changes. The purpose of this quantitative, cross-sectional study was to examine the cultural and environmental determinants of dental fluorosis in children in a rural community in Nigeria. A multilevel theoretical model was used to develop possible fluoride ...


Adherence To Antiretroviral Medicines Among Adolescents And Young Adults In Benue State, Nigeria, Amom Tor-Anyiin 2018 Walden University

Adherence To Antiretroviral Medicines Among Adolescents And Young Adults In Benue State, Nigeria, Amom Tor-Anyiin

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Adherence to ARV medicines is essential to halt HIV progression, increase CD4 counts, decrease virologic impact, and improve quality of life for the infected people. However, sustaining good adherence among adolescents and young adults (AYA) has been a challenge caused by various problems such as distance to clinic, improved CD4 count which lead to complacency in adherence, and the nature of the environment. This was a quantitative, retrospective, correlational, cross-sectional study anchored by the transtheoretical model, which was used to understand how adherence rate among the study population was impacted by the predictive factors. Secondary data was collected from patient ...


Rwanda: Hiv/Aids, Alissa Anderson 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Rwanda: Hiv/Aids, Alissa Anderson

Global Public Health

Rwanda is a small country in Africa. Rwanda has had many conflicts within its borders with wars, genocide, and disease. One of Rwanda’s current threats is HIV/AIDS. This disease is spreading through its population, and making it easier for other diseases; such as hepatitis and tuberculosis, to spread as well. Rwanda is a country that is putting into effect many efforts to decrease its HIV/AIDS population by means of education, campaigns, and treatments regarding the disease. In this article, I use peer reviewed and reliable articles to show the past and current issues that Rwanda has to ...


Lebanon: Cholera Outbreak, Muhammad Naqvi 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Lebanon: Cholera Outbreak, Muhammad Naqvi

Global Public Health

Lebanon is a country that has always been tangled with the ever looming threat of a growing health crisis. With a failing government and massive influx of refugees, mostly the victim of their war torn economy, it seemed inevitable that sanitation procedures would run short. Now the Lebanese people and government face the challenge of the spread of Cholera, a water-borne disease, within the countries vicinity as a result of mass pollution from the formation of informal settlements as well as the country being a hotbed for political instability. These have resulted in limited success in controlling the outbreak engulfing ...


Provider Opinion: Should We Screen And Counsel Parents Of Teen Drivers Regarding Texting/Distracted Driving?, Daniel Lambert 2018 University of Vermont

Provider Opinion: Should We Screen And Counsel Parents Of Teen Drivers Regarding Texting/Distracted Driving?, Daniel Lambert

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Adolescent texting and driving has been directly responsible for the deaths of 11 teenagers every day. 33% of teenagers in Vermont admit to texting and driving making it one of the most prevalent risky behaviors in their age group. Currently there is no routine screening recommendation for parents with adolescent drivers addressing texting and driving. Mobile application information can improve parental monitoring and prevent texting and driving habits from forming in adolescents.


Relationships Among Vitamin D Deficiency, Metabolic Syndrome, Smoking Behavior, And Physical Activity, Ethan Pham 2018 Walden University

Relationships Among Vitamin D Deficiency, Metabolic Syndrome, Smoking Behavior, And Physical Activity, Ethan Pham

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Aging increases the risk of both vitamin D deficiency and metabolic syndrome. Vitamin D deficiency and metabolic syndrome may be related, although there are mixed findings. Furthermore, literature suggests other factors such as physical fitness activity and smoking behavior are associated with Vitamin D deficiency and the development of metabolic syndrome. A number of studies have documented associations between Vitamin D levels and physical fitness activities, while other studies found correlations between Vitamin D levels, metabolic syndrome, and smoking behavior. However, no previous study has examined the links between physical fitness activity, smoking behavior, Vitamin D levels, and the risks ...


Somalia: Rift Valley Fever, Alyson Meeks 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Somalia: Rift Valley Fever, Alyson Meeks

Global Public Health

This walks readers through the basic demographics of Somalia, a country located in the horn of Africa. After learning about the government in Somalia and the problems that the people of the country face, this focuses on the problem of Rift Valley Fever. Rift Valley Fever is a virus that year after year strikes Somalia and surrounding countries. Weather patterns seem to help predict when Rift Valley Fever will be at the highest risk for an outbreak. This outlines the steps the current government and people are trying to take to help prevent outbreaks of RVF. But the solutions currently ...


Democratic Republic Of The Congo: Hiv/Aids, John Tworek 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Democratic Republic Of The Congo: Hiv/Aids, John Tworek

Global Public Health

The Democratic Republic of the Congo faces a great number of health issues, however, one of the most prevalent diseases within the country is HIV/AIDS. An estimated 122,168 thousand cases were reported in 2015, with the total number of deaths at 19,000, in a country that has a population of 82,804,942. The research done on HIV/AIDS in The Democratic Republic of the Congo looks at the basic epidemiology of the region, how to identify the disease, and major risk factors present. Other major challenges The Democratic Republic of the Congo faces are included, as ...


Bahrain: Cardiovascular Disease, Sandra Morales 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Bahrain: Cardiovascular Disease, Sandra Morales

Global Public Health

A beautiful island in the Arabian Gulf (Persian Gulf), east of Saudi Arabia, north of Qatar, Bahrain is home to over 1.5 million people. The diverse population consists of Muslims, Hindus, Christians, Asians, Africans, and so much more. Bahrain is a constitutional monarchy. The current commander of the Bahrain defense force is Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa. For the most part, Bahrainis have political freedoms. However, one major problem Bahrainis face, in particular men, is cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular disease accounted for 34% of deaths in 2002. It is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Bahrain. Obesity and ...


Uganda: Malaria, Sui Hnem 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Uganda: Malaria, Sui Hnem

Global Public Health

Malaria is an infectious disease caused by mosquito bite. It is a major health problem in Uganda and is a major cause of mortality and morbidity. Pregnant women and children are the most infected groups in the country. The Ugandan government did their best to keep children and women healthy by providing clinics near the villages and advocating home treatment for malaria. Although, the government is very supportive in preventing and promoting the malaria, people did not seek healthcare as much as they should. The reason for not seeking healthcare was because they feel healthy, or the clinic had long ...


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