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Application Of Data Assimilation In Forecasting Of Influenza In The United States, Hannah Biegel 2018 University of Arizona

Application Of Data Assimilation In Forecasting Of Influenza In The United States, Hannah Biegel

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Simulating Antibiotic Resistance In The Computer Lab And Biology Lab: Ideas For Undergraduate Projects, Anne E. Yust 2018 The New School

Simulating Antibiotic Resistance In The Computer Lab And Biology Lab: Ideas For Undergraduate Projects, Anne E. Yust

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Dynamics Of Visceral Leishmaniasis For Different Distributions Of Non-Adherence To The Treatment In The Population Of Bihar, India And Its Effect On Elimination, Mugdha Thakur 2018 Illinois State University

Dynamics Of Visceral Leishmaniasis For Different Distributions Of Non-Adherence To The Treatment In The Population Of Bihar, India And Its Effect On Elimination, Mugdha Thakur

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


The Regressive Burden Of Water-Related Infections On Income Disparity In Ecuador, Cesar Montalvo 2018 Illinois State University

The Regressive Burden Of Water-Related Infections On Income Disparity In Ecuador, Cesar Montalvo

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Objective Measurement Of Physical Activity Outcomes In Lifestyle Interventions Among Adults: A Systematic Review, Valerie J. Silfee, Christina Haughton, Danielle E. Jake-Schoffman, Andrea Lopez-Cepero, Christine N. May, Meera Sreedhara, Milagros C. Rosal, Stephanie Lemon 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Objective Measurement Of Physical Activity Outcomes In Lifestyle Interventions Among Adults: A Systematic Review, Valerie J. Silfee, Christina Haughton, Danielle E. Jake-Schoffman, Andrea Lopez-Cepero, Christine N. May, Meera Sreedhara, Milagros C. Rosal, Stephanie Lemon

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

Valid, reliable, and direct measures of physical activity (PA) are critical to assessing the impact of lifestyle PA interventions. However, little is known about the extent to which objective measures have been used to assess the outcomes of lifestyle PA interventions. This systematic review had two aims: 1) evaluate the extent to which PA is measured objectively in lifestyle PA interventions targeting adults and 2) explore and summarize what objective measures have been used and what PA dimensions and metrics have been reported. Pubmed, Cochrane Central Register, and PsychInfo were searched for lifestyle PA interventions conducted between 2006 and 2016 ...


Lemierre’S Syndrome, A Case Report And Review Of Literature., Casmiar I. Nwaigwe, Jason Greenwood 2018 university of north dakota

Lemierre’S Syndrome, A Case Report And Review Of Literature., Casmiar I. Nwaigwe, Jason Greenwood

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Lemierre’s syndrome is a suppurative thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein. In this paper we describe a case of severe Lemierre’s syndrome in a healthy 18 year-old woman. She initially presented with sore throat, and failed outpatient antibiotic therapy. She quickly progressed to septic shock, internal jugular vein septic thrombophlebitis, septic pulmonary emboli, empyema and respiratory failure. Successful treatment included intravenous antibiotics and thoracotomy. It is a rare disease that has been kept at bay with the widespread use of antibiotics for upper respiratory infections. However in recent years there seems to be an increase in number of ...


Characteristics And Clinical Outcomes Of Hospitalized Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia Who Are Active Intravenous Drug Users, Vidyulata Salunkhe, Paula Peyrani, Leslie A. Beavin, Stephen P. Furmanek, Julio A. Ramirez 2018 University of Louisville

Characteristics And Clinical Outcomes Of Hospitalized Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia Who Are Active Intravenous Drug Users, Vidyulata Salunkhe, Paula Peyrani, Leslie A. Beavin, Stephen P. Furmanek, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: Intravenous drug users (IVDU) have a 10-fold increased risk of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) compared to the general population. There is scarce data available evaluating the clinical outcomes of IVDU hospitalized patients with CAP and that data mostly focuses on mortality. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics, incidence and outcomes of hospitalized patients with CAP in active intravenous drug users in Louisville, Kentucky.

Methods: This was a secondary data analysis of the University of Louisville Pneumonia study. IVDU patients were propensity score matched to a non-IVDU group. Study outcomes were time to clinical stability (TCS ...


Coping With Chronic Fungal Rhinosinusitis: Diagnosis To Therapy, Veronica Corcino, Leslie Beavin, Shengli Lu, Ashley Ross, Carmen V. Sciortino Jr. 2018 University of Louisville

Coping With Chronic Fungal Rhinosinusitis: Diagnosis To Therapy, Veronica Corcino, Leslie Beavin, Shengli Lu, Ashley Ross, Carmen V. Sciortino Jr.

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


A Continuum Of Disease From Community-Acquired Pneumonia To Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome, Julio A. Ramirez 2018 University of Louisville

A Continuum Of Disease From Community-Acquired Pneumonia To Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Pulmonary Histoplasmosis In A Patient With Cough, Dyspnea, Pulmonary Nodule And Rheumatologic Manifestations: Case Report And Review, Johnson Britto 2018 St. Elizabeth Physicians, Infectious Disease, Crestview Hills, KY, USA

Pulmonary Histoplasmosis In A Patient With Cough, Dyspnea, Pulmonary Nodule And Rheumatologic Manifestations: Case Report And Review, Johnson Britto

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

In this case report we describe a case of pulmonary histoplasmosis in a healthy adult female living in Kentucky. The patient presented with two months history of poly-arthralgia and myalgia, intermittent dry cough, chest tightness, exertional dyspnea, malaise, fatigue and one week history of skin rash. She did not respond to broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy and she also had extensive endocrine and rheumatologic work up that was negative. A diagnosis of histoplasmosis was established based on radiological findings as well as endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration cytology (EBUS-TBNA) of mediastinal lymph nodes demonstrating necrotizing granuloma with fungal stains positive for Histoplasma ...


Pulmonary Aspergillosis: A Review On Diagnosis And Management, Bilal A. Jalil, Juan M. Galvis, Karim A. El Kersh, Mohamed Saad, Mostafa M. Fraig, Juan J. Guardiola II 2018 University of Louisville

Pulmonary Aspergillosis: A Review On Diagnosis And Management, Bilal A. Jalil, Juan M. Galvis, Karim A. El Kersh, Mohamed Saad, Mostafa M. Fraig, Juan J. Guardiola Ii

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Aspergillosis is acquired by inhalation of spores of Aspergillus, a ubiquitous species in the environment. In normal hosts, spore inhalation rarely causes lung disease.

Pulmonary aspergillosis covers a wide spectrum of clinical syndromes depending on the interaction between Aspergillus and the host (immune-status, prior bronchopulmonary disease). It runs the gamut from invasive aspergillosis to Aspergillus bronchitis and colonization.

Invasive aspergillosis occurs in severely immunocompromised patients, typically with neutropenia. Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis affects patients with chronic structural lung disease such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, mycobacterial lung disease, but without significant immunocompromise. Aspergillus bronchitis affects patients with bronchial disease such as ...


Sex-Specific Associations Of Infants’ Gut Microbiome With Arsenic Exposure In A Us Population, Anne G. Hoen, Juliette C. Madan, Zhigang Li, Modupe Coker, Sara N. Lundgren, Hilary G. Morrison, Thomas J. Palys, Brian P. Jackson, Mitchell L. Sogin, Kathryn L. Cottingham, Margaret R. Karagas 2018 Dartmouth College

Sex-Specific Associations Of Infants’ Gut Microbiome With Arsenic Exposure In A Us Population, Anne G. Hoen, Juliette C. Madan, Zhigang Li, Modupe Coker, Sara N. Lundgren, Hilary G. Morrison, Thomas J. Palys, Brian P. Jackson, Mitchell L. Sogin, Kathryn L. Cottingham, Margaret R. Karagas

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

Arsenic is a ubiquitous environmental toxicant with antimicrobial properties that can be found in food and drinking water. The influence of arsenic exposure on the composition of the human microbiome in US populations remains unknown, particularly during the vulnerable infant period. We investigated the relationship between arsenic exposure and gut microbiome composition in 204 infants prospectively followed as part of the New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study. Infant urine was analyzed for total arsenic concentration using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Stool microbiome composition was determined using sequencing of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene. Infant urinary arsenic related to gut microbiome ...


Predictors Of Patient Activation At Acs Hospital Discharge And Health Care Utilization In The Subsequent Year, Rebecca L. Kinney 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Predictors Of Patient Activation At Acs Hospital Discharge And Health Care Utilization In The Subsequent Year, Rebecca L. Kinney

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Background. AHA guidelines have been established to reduce Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS)-related morbidity, mortality and recurrent events post-discharge. These recommendations emphasize the patient as an engaged member of the health care team in secondary prevention efforts. Patients with high levels of activation are more likely to perform activities that will promote their own health and are more likely to have their health care needs met. Despite evidence and strong expert consensus supporting patients as active collaborators in their own ACS care, the complexity and unexpected realities of self-managing one’s care at home are often underestimated. This study seeks ...


Exploring H.Pylori Seropositivity As A Risk Factor For Type 2 Diabetes, Virginia Chaidez, Yumou Qiu 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Exploring H.Pylori Seropositivity As A Risk Factor For Type 2 Diabetes, Virginia Chaidez, Yumou Qiu

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Background: In the US, the percentage of adults with diagnosed diabetes are higher in members of racial and ethnic minority groups compared to non-Latino Whites. Understanding why such disparities exist has been less forthcoming.

Methods: Secondary data analysis was conducted using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2000 cross-sectional data.

Results: H.pylori seropositivity was highest in Mexican Americans (43.7%), lowest in non-Hispanic Whites (18.1%). Diabetes was highest in non-Hispanic Blacks (5.9%); lowest in non-Hispanic whites (4.3%). H.pylori seropositivity was associated with greater likelihood of having type 2 diabetes (1.927, 95% CI ...


Human Papillomavirus Infections In The Southern And Other United States Regions, Dudith Pierre-Victor, Mary Jo Trepka, Dionne Stephens, Tan Li, Timothy Page, Purnima Madhivanan 2018 Florida International University, Department of Epidemiology

Human Papillomavirus Infections In The Southern And Other United States Regions, Dudith Pierre-Victor, Mary Jo Trepka, Dionne Stephens, Tan Li, Timothy Page, Purnima Madhivanan

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most common sexually transmitted infection worldwide and has been linked to several cancers, including cervical cancer. In the United States, the Southern region has a disproportionate burden of cervical cancer, and research about the epidemiology of HPV in the region is scarce. This study estimates the prevalence and correlates of HPV infection among 14–59 year-old females.

Data from 4,250 females aged 14–59 years collected during the 2007–2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used. We estimated the prevalence of HPV infection for the South and the rest of ...


Improving Prediction Of Systemic Statin Exposure Using Concomitant Medications, Non-Linear Modelling And Novel Snp Discovery, Rhiannon Rose 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Improving Prediction Of Systemic Statin Exposure Using Concomitant Medications, Non-Linear Modelling And Novel Snp Discovery, Rhiannon Rose

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Introduction: Statin drugs are a highly efficacious treatment for hypercholesterolemia and adherent treatment with statins reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease. Although statins are generally well tolerated, myalgia (muscle pain) is a common side effect and can lead to non-compliance with treatment. Increased systemic exposure may contribute to the development of myalgia. Drug-drug interactions inhibiting statin metabolism and impaired drug transporter function may lead to decreased statin clearance. Establishing accurate predictive models is an important step towards preventing adverse drug events by titrating statin dosing to limit systemic exposure.

Objectives: 1) To develop an algorithm to select concomitant medications for ...


A Decade Of Veteran Voices: Examining Patient Portal Enhancements Through The Lens Of User-Centered Design, Kim M. Nazi, Carolyn L. Turvey, Dawn M. Klein, Timothy P. Hogan 2018 US Department of Veterans Affairs

A Decade Of Veteran Voices: Examining Patient Portal Enhancements Through The Lens Of User-Centered Design, Kim M. Nazi, Carolyn L. Turvey, Dawn M. Klein, Timothy P. Hogan

Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: Health care systems have entered a new era focused on patient engagement. Patient portals linked to electronic health records are recognized as a promising multifaceted tool to help achieve patient engagement goals. Achieving significant growth in adoption and use requires agile evaluation methods to complement periodic formal research efforts.

OBJECTIVE: This paper describes one of the implementation strategies that the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has used to foster the adoption and sustained use of its patient portal, My HealtheVet, over the last decade: an ongoing focus on user-centered design (UCD). This strategy entails understanding the users and their ...


Cellphone Usage And The Risk Of Cancer, Mia Ye 2018 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

Cellphone Usage And The Risk Of Cancer, Mia Ye

The International Student Science Fair 2018

Introduction: As the use of cell phones have increased immensely in the last two decades, so has public concern regarding cell phone and its relationship to cancer. Cell phones emit radio frequency waves, a type of electromagnetic energy. Theoretically, these radiofrequency waves are considered as a form of non-ionizing radiation, and do not contain enough energy to damage DNA. However, human and animal studies on cell phone use and cancer risk have shown mixed results. The Danish cohort study, one of the largest long-term studies to date, compared everyone in Denmark with cell phone subscriptions between 1982 and 1995, and ...


Association Of Religiosity And Spirituality With Quality Of Life In Patients With Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review, Hawa Abu, Christine M. Ulbricht, Eric Y. Ding, Jeroan J. Allison, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Robert J. Goldberg, Catarina I. Kiefe 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Association Of Religiosity And Spirituality With Quality Of Life In Patients With Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review, Hawa Abu, Christine M. Ulbricht, Eric Y. Ding, Jeroan J. Allison, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Robert J. Goldberg, Catarina I. Kiefe

Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations

Purpose: This review systematically identified and critically appraised the available literature that has examined the association between religiosity and/or spirituality (R/S) and quality of life (QOL) in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Methods: We searched several electronic online databases (PubMed, SCOPUS, PsycINFO, and CINAHL) from database inception until October 2017. Included articles were peer-reviewed, published in English, and quantitatively examined the association between R/S and QOL. We assessed the methodological quality of each included study.

Results: The 15 articles included were published between 2002 and 2017. Most studies were conducted in the US and enrolled patients with ...


A Qualitative Study Examining The Benefits And Challenges Of Incorporating Patient-Reported Outcome Substance Use And Mental Health Questionnaires Into Clinical Practice To Improve Outcomes On The Hiv Care Continuum., Anne K Monroe, Sarah M Jabour, Sebastian Peña, Jeanne C Keruly, Richard D Moore, Geetanjali Chander, Kristin A Riekert 2018 George Washington University

A Qualitative Study Examining The Benefits And Challenges Of Incorporating Patient-Reported Outcome Substance Use And Mental Health Questionnaires Into Clinical Practice To Improve Outcomes On The Hiv Care Continuum., Anne K Monroe, Sarah M Jabour, Sebastian Peña, Jeanne C Keruly, Richard D Moore, Geetanjali Chander, Kristin A Riekert

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Inadequate identification and treatment of substance use (SU) and mental health (MH) disorders hinders retention in HIV care. The objective of this study was to elicit stakeholder input on integration of SU/MH screening using computer-assisted patient-reported outcomes (PROs) into clinical practice.

METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with HIV-positive patients who self-reported SU/MH symptoms on a computer-assisted PROs (n = 19) and HIV primary care providers (n = 11) recruited from an urban academic HIV clinic. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed. We iteratively developed codes and organized key themes using editing style analysis.

RESULTS: Two themes emerged: (1) Honest Disclosure ...


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