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Inclusivity Of Minorities In The U.S. Healthcare System, Sophia N. Trujillo 2020 Eastern Washington University

Inclusivity Of Minorities In The U.S. Healthcare System, Sophia N. Trujillo

2020 Symposium Posters

Throughout the evolution of U.S. healthcare, the inclusivity of minorities has been a discussion amongst many communities. With healthcare being unaffordable and inaccessible to many, including minorities, it can influence their responses towards it. From research and in-depth observations, it has been revealed that certain ethnicities carry a trend of disabling illnesses and infectious diseases. This paper intends to identify the patterns that occur amongst ethnic communities that increase the risk of obtaining these conditions. Social determinants govern the health and lifestyle that have led to life-threatening illnesses. It has been found that factors such as eating habits, social ...


Engaging Critical Access Hospitals In Addressing Rural Substance Use, John A. Gale MS, Sara Kahn-Troster MPH, Zachariah T. Croll MPH, Nathan L. First LCSW, MSW, MA 2020 Maine Rural Health Research Center, Cutler Institute for Health and Social Policy, Muskie School of Public Service,University of Southern Maine i

Engaging Critical Access Hospitals In Addressing Rural Substance Use, John A. Gale Ms, Sara Kahn-Troster Mph, Zachariah T. Croll Mph, Nathan L. First Lcsw, Msw, Ma

Rural Hospitals (Flex Program)

Substance use is a significant public health issue in rural communities. Despite this fact, substance use treatment services are limited in rural areas and residents suffer from significant barriers to care. Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs), frequently the hubs of local systems of care, can play an important role in addressing substance use disorders. To develop a coordinated response to community substance use issues, CAHs must identify and prioritize local needs, mobilize local resources and partnerships, build local capacity, and screen for substance use among their patients. These activities provide a foundation upon which CAHs and their community partners can address ...


Rural/Urban Disparities In The Utilization Of Health And Behavioral Assessments/Interventions In The Fee-For-Service Medicare Population, Christian Rhudy, Eugene Shin, Jeffery C. Talbert 2020 University of Kentucky

Rural/Urban Disparities In The Utilization Of Health And Behavioral Assessments/Interventions In The Fee-For-Service Medicare Population, Christian Rhudy, Eugene Shin, Jeffery C. Talbert

Rural & Underserved Health Research Center Publications

Overview of Key Findings

  • In 2016, rural county residents represented 21.8% of the fee-for-service (FFS) Medicare population, but only 1.6% of rural FFS beneficiaries live in a county with local utilization of Health and Behavioral Assessments and Interventions (HBAI) services.
  • Utilization of HBAI services in 2016 occurred in 19 (9.7%) rural counties and 176 (90.3%) urban counties.
  • Average utilization rates of HBAI services were higher in rural counties than urban counties (0.7% vs. 0.4%).


Rural/Urban Disparities In Utilization Of Diabetes Self-Management Training To The Fee-For-Service Medicare Population, Christian Rhudy, Aric Schadler, Jeffery C. Talbert 2020 University of Kentucky

Rural/Urban Disparities In Utilization Of Diabetes Self-Management Training To The Fee-For-Service Medicare Population, Christian Rhudy, Aric Schadler, Jeffery C. Talbert

Rural & Underserved Health Research Center Publications

Overview of Key Findings

  • In 2016, rural fee-for-service (FFS) Medicare beneficiaries represented 21.7% of the population diagnosed with diabetes, but only 2.7% of the population utilizing Diabetes Self-Management Training.
  • Utilization of DSMT services in 2016 occurred in 76 rural counties and 309 urban counties.
  • Average utilization rates of DSMT services were greater in rural counties than urban counties (5.5% vs. 2.5%).


The Imperative To Build Research Capacity And Promote Evidence-Based Practice In Australian Perioperative Nurses, Jed Duff 2020 University of Newcastle

The Imperative To Build Research Capacity And Promote Evidence-Based Practice In Australian Perioperative Nurses, Jed Duff

Journal of Perioperative Nursing

Evidence-based practice is considered the gold standard of care, and as such it is now an expectation of our patients, regulatory agencies and health care funders. Unfortunately, much of what we do in perioperative nursing continues to be based on tradition and history rather than robust clinical evidence. Even when evidence is available to use, it is often not fully applied in practice. If we want to maintain our standing as a leading nursing specialty, then we need to address this issue by engaging with research and growing our evidence base. To do this, we need to conduct and disseminate ...


Rural/Urban Disparities In Utilization Of Medical Nutrition Therapy To The Fee-For-Service Medicare Population, Christian Rhudy, Eugene Shin, Jeffery C. Talbert 2020 University of Kentucky

Rural/Urban Disparities In Utilization Of Medical Nutrition Therapy To The Fee-For-Service Medicare Population, Christian Rhudy, Eugene Shin, Jeffery C. Talbert

Rural & Underserved Health Research Center Publications

Overview of Key Findings

  • In 2016, 21.8% of the fee-for-service (FFS) Medicare population resided in a rural county, but only 3.7% of enrollees residing in a county with utilization of Medical Nutrition Therapy (MNT) services were rural county residents.
  • Utilization of MNT services in 2016 occurred in 92 rural counties and 388 urban counties.
  • Average utilization rates of MNT services were greater in rural counties than urban counties (3.1% vs. 1.9%).


Ecg For All Patients In The Pacu: Some Say, Why? I Say, Why Not?, Paula Foran 2020 Australian College of Perioperative Nurses (ACORN)

Ecg For All Patients In The Pacu: Some Say, Why? I Say, Why Not?, Paula Foran

Journal of Perioperative Nursing

Currently in many Australian hospitals, electrocardiogram (ECG) leads are removed after the operative process and, despite the machines being freely available in the Post Anaesthesia Care Unit (PACU), they are not connected to all patients.

There are many evidence-based reasons why an ECG would be advantageous for perioperative patient safety, including the detection of often asymptomatic conditions such as myocardial injury after non-cardiac surgery (MINS) and new-onset atrial fibrillation, which has been shown to increase the risk of stroke. Advantages may also be seen in saving precious minutes in a cardiac arrest, and the ability for nurses to constantly observe ...


Who’S Under The Mask? Colour-Differentiated Identification Labels For Perioperative Staff, Diana Bentley 2020 Australian College of Perioperative Nurses (ACORN)

Who’S Under The Mask? Colour-Differentiated Identification Labels For Perioperative Staff, Diana Bentley

Journal of Perioperative Nursing

Staff identification in the perioperative environment is difficult when all staff, students and visitors wear the same attire. All attire needs to be laundered to national standards for infection control governance and consequently attire cannot be individualised. In emergency situations it is also difficult to identify the roles of all staff with standard methods of identification.

The aim of the ‘Colour-differentiated identification labels’ project was to improve identification of all staff and visitors in the perioperative environment with the intended result being improved communication and safety among staff, patients and visitors. The project began in February 2018 with project leads ...


Perioperative Nurses’ Engagement With The Surgical Safety Checklist: A Focused Ethnography, Julie A. Rogers Mrs, Paul Mcleish Mr, Jan Alderman Mrs 2020 University of Adelaide

Perioperative Nurses’ Engagement With The Surgical Safety Checklist: A Focused Ethnography, Julie A. Rogers Mrs, Paul Mcleish Mr, Jan Alderman Mrs

Journal of Perioperative Nursing

Purpose

To gain greater insight into how nurses engage with the multidisciplinary team during the surgical safety checklist process.

Participants and setting

Participants were a purposeful sample of eight operating room nurses. The study was conducted in the operating room department of a major tertiary teaching hospital in South Australia.

Methods

Phase 1 employed participant observations while phase 2 employed semi-structured interviews.

Findings

Participants supported the use of the surgical safety checklist and valued its role to enhance patient safety. Multidisciplinary team culture played a significant role in how the checklist was conducted and heavily influenced the level of nurse ...


The Effect Of Outdoor Physical Activity On Adults With Clinical Depression, Katie Hao 2020 Eastern Washington University

The Effect Of Outdoor Physical Activity On Adults With Clinical Depression, Katie Hao

2020 Symposium Posters

Mental health is a condition in regard to the human brain and how the human brain is neurologically triggered. Millions of people are diagnosed with clinical depression every year, but are not aware of how to maintain a healthy mental status once they are diagnosed. Clinical depression is not only a condition, but also a state of mind which results in the need of being active as much as possible to prevent the feelings of loneliness and sadness. There are several medications available to treat the mental illness, however they can be costly. One cost efficient way experts have found ...


Black Women Survive Breast Cancer With Community-Based Care, Shelley I. White-Means, Jill Dapremont, Barbara D. Davis, Tronlyn Thompson 2020 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Black Women Survive Breast Cancer With Community-Based Care, Shelley I. White-Means, Jill Dapremont, Barbara D. Davis, Tronlyn Thompson

Faculty Presentations

PURPOSE Community-based breast cancer support agencies who address non-medical, social determinants of health needs that serve as barriers to maximizing breast health outcomes may play a vital role in mitigating breast cancer mortality. They share a common emphasis on addressing social, economic, and psychological needs of breast cancer survivors and those at risk of breast cancer. This paper is third in a series of papers exploring why the rate of breast cancer mortality is two times higher for African American women than white women in Memphis. We sought insights from community-based breast cancer support agencies because they have a close-up ...


The Need For Leadership During Public Health Crises, Tanisha Adams 2020 Eastern Washington University

The Need For Leadership During Public Health Crises, Tanisha Adams

2020 Symposium Posters

This research is intended to educate the public health industry on the need for better crisis leadership preparations. The National Incident Management System (NIMS) is a national training program mandated by the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006. The program focuses primarily on Preparedness, Communications and Information Management, Resource Management, and Command and Management. NIMS is formatted in a way that the information can be used across a wide array of organization types. The Incident Command System (ICS) of NIMS has a "military-style, command-and-control model traditionally seen in emergency services and not in public health” (Kohn, Barnett, Galastri, Semon ...


La Maestra’S Circle Of Care: Studying The Impact Of An Integrated Service Model On The Health And Well-Being Of Vulnerable Populations, Zara Marselian 2020 University of San Diego

La Maestra’S Circle Of Care: Studying The Impact Of An Integrated Service Model On The Health And Well-Being Of Vulnerable Populations, Zara Marselian

Dissertations

ABSTRACT

There is an urgent need to reform the health care delivery system in the United States, as recognized through current bipartisan efforts. Society’s vulnerable populations especially need health care reform as health care outcomes are the poorest among disadvantaged populations. Moreover, vulnerable populations are twice as likely to develop chronic diseases than the general population and they remain ill due to other contextual, societal factors affecting their ability to achieve health and well-being. This population is subjected to adverse life events that suggest a more comprehensive approach to health and well-being is called for.

The Circle of Care ...


The Evolving Management Of Aortic Valve Disease: Trends In The Utilization And Cost Of Savr, Tavr, And Medical Therapy, Andrew Goldsweig 2020 University of Nebraska Medical Center

The Evolving Management Of Aortic Valve Disease: Trends In The Utilization And Cost Of Savr, Tavr, And Medical Therapy, Andrew Goldsweig

Theses & Dissertations

Aortic stenosis (AS) and regurgitation (AR) may be treated with surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), transcatheter AVR (TAVR), or medical therapy (MT). Data are lacking regarding usage and cost of SAVR, TAVR, and MT for patients hospitalized with aortic valve disease. From the Nationwide Readmissions Database, we determined utilization and cost trends for SAVR, TAVR, and MT in patients with aortic valve disease admitted 2012-2016 for valve replacement, heart failure, unstable angina, non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction, or syncope. From 2012 through 2016, there was a 48.1% increase in the number of patients hospitalized for aortic valve disease annually. Overall, 19 ...


Relationship Between Type Of Health Insurance, Frequency Of Clinic Visits, And Clinic Income, Shelby M. DeLille 2020 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Relationship Between Type Of Health Insurance, Frequency Of Clinic Visits, And Clinic Income, Shelby M. Delille

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Managing Stress In A Constantly-Changing Workforce, Lorri Burch-Hubbard 2020 East Tennessee State University

Managing Stress In A Constantly-Changing Workforce, Lorri Burch-Hubbard

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

When staffing reductions occur in the workplace, staff left behind may face increased stress, may not be given the support they need to manage the feelings caused by the reduction. This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of stress caused by staffing reductions has on medical technologists (MT), medical technicians (MLT) and respiratory therapists (RT), and to identify any common methods of stress management used by those staff who remain in the organization.

Literature research showed the negative impact stress can have on individuals when it is not addressed, such as decreased work performance, health issues, and even the ...


The Effect Of The Timing Of A Hospice Referral And The Perceived Quality Of Care By The Family, Caitlin Tran 2020 Dominican University of California

The Effect Of The Timing Of A Hospice Referral And The Perceived Quality Of Care By The Family, Caitlin Tran

Nursing | Senior Theses

Hospice care is a specialized type of palliative care for patients with a time-limiting illness. Despite its benefits, hospice remains underutilized. A key reason behind the underutilization are untimely referrals, often made during the last weeks or days of the patient’s life. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the existing barriers towards hospice that play into late referrals and its effect on patient/family satisfaction. This information will be examined to propose a pilot research study for further exploration.


Special Issue – July/August 2020: Sustaining A Focus On Human Experience In The Face Of Covid-19, Patient Experience Journal 2020 The Beryl Institute

Special Issue – July/August 2020: Sustaining A Focus On Human Experience In The Face Of Covid-19, Patient Experience Journal

Patient Experience Journal

At this critical time in our shared history, we are faced with a powerful challenge, the rapid impact of COVID-19 on our healthcare systems and community. With that acknowledgement, we are refocusing our 2020 special issue of Patient Experience Journal (PXJ) to address Sustaining a Focus on Human Experience in the Face of COVID-19. Submissions received for our initially planned special issue on patient & family experience in behavioral health will remain in review and consideration for future issues of PXJ.

There are heroic efforts taking place minute-by-minute to address the clinical and personal needs of patients, while also addressing the ...


Patient Experience Journal Awards: Celebrating Our 2019 Recipients, Patient Experience Journal 2020 The Beryl Institute

Patient Experience Journal Awards: Celebrating Our 2019 Recipients, Patient Experience Journal

Patient Experience Journal

In association with The Beryl Institute, Patient Experience Journal introduced the inaugural Patient Experience Journal (PXJ) Awards. The annual awards celebrate important contributions to the literature and articles of impact in research and practice. They also introduce groundbreaking authors who are working to expand evidence and insights on patient experience and the human experience in healthcare. The winners are selected from the articles published in PXJ and chosen by the Editorial Board of the journal. The award categories are shared and recipients introduced.


Development And Reliability Of A Patient Experience Inventory Tool For Hospitals, Agnes Barden, Nicole Giammarinaro, Natalie Bashkin, Larry Lutsky 2020 Northwell Health

Development And Reliability Of A Patient Experience Inventory Tool For Hospitals, Agnes Barden, Nicole Giammarinaro, Natalie Bashkin, Larry Lutsky

Patient Experience Journal

This study explores the development and reliability testing of the newly developed Patient Experience Inventory for Hospitals (PXI-H). Created as an organizational self-assessment patient experience tool, it guides healthcare leaders in evaluating attitudes and behaviors as well as structures and programs impacting patient experience within a hospital setting. The PXI-H is organized within four pillars: Leadership, Education and Development, Data and Analytics and Patient-and-Family Centeredness, which were determined to be internally consistent based on examining coefficient alphas and the item-total correlations. Principal component analysis also determined items with highest loadings aligned onto the pillars in which there were assigned, confirming ...


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