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Depression Treatment Decreases Healthcare Expenditures Among Working Age Patients With Comorbid Conditions And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Along With Newly-Diagnosed Depression, Rituparna Bhattacharya, Chan Shen, Amy B. Wachholtz, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Usha Sambamthoori 2016 Humana, Inc.

Depression Treatment Decreases Healthcare Expenditures Among Working Age Patients With Comorbid Conditions And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Along With Newly-Diagnosed Depression, Rituparna Bhattacharya, Chan Shen, Amy B. Wachholtz, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Usha Sambamthoori

Amy B. Wachholtz

BACKGROUND: There are many studies in the literature on the association between depression treatment and health expenditures. However, there is a knowledge gap in examining this relationship taking into account coexisting chronic conditions among patients with diabetes. We aim to analyze the association between depression treatment and healthcare expenditures among adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and newly-diagnosed depression, with consideration of coexisting chronic physical conditions.

METHODS: We used multi-state Medicaid data (2000-2008) and adopted a retrospective longitudinal cohort design. Medical conditions were identified using diagnosis codes (ICD-9-CM and CPT systems). Healthcare expenditures were aggregated for each month for ...


Barriers And Facilitators To Deaf Trauma Survivors’ Help-Seeking Behavior: Lessons For Behavioral Clinical Trials Research: A Master’S Thesis, Melissa L. Anderson 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Barriers And Facilitators To Deaf Trauma Survivors’ Help-Seeking Behavior: Lessons For Behavioral Clinical Trials Research: A Master’S Thesis, Melissa L. Anderson

Melissa L. Anderson

Deaf individuals experience significant obstacles to participating in behavioral health research when careful consideration is not given to accessibility in the design of study methodology. To inform such considerations, we conducted a secondary analysis of a mixed-methods study that explored 16 Deaf trauma survivors’ help-seeking experiences. Our objective was to identify key findings and qualitative themes from consumers' own words that can be applied to the design of behavioral clinical trials methodology. In many ways, the themes that emerged are what we would expect of any research participant, Deaf or hearing – a need for communication access, empathy, respect, strict confidentiality ...


Hospice And Pain Management In Nursing Home Residents With Cancer, Jacob N. Hunnicutt, Jennifer Tjia, Kate L. Lapane 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Hospice And Pain Management In Nursing Home Residents With Cancer, Jacob N. Hunnicutt, Jennifer Tjia, Kate L. Lapane

Jennifer Tjia

Background: The prevalence of untreated pain in nursing home residents with cancer is unacceptably high. Hospice may increase the likelihood of receiving pain management at the end of life.

Objectives: To estimate whether receipt of hospice in nursing homes increases the receipt of pain management for nursing home residents with cancer at the end of life.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study on a national sample of Medicare decedents who had cancer and were nursing home residents during the last 90 days of life in 2011–2012. We used the last Minimum Data Set (MDS) 3.0 assessment before death ...


Effective Pain Information Pre-Operatively Is Associated With Improved Functional Gain After Total Joint Replacement, Celeste A. Lemay, David Ayers, Patricia D. Franklin 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Effective Pain Information Pre-Operatively Is Associated With Improved Functional Gain After Total Joint Replacement, Celeste A. Lemay, David Ayers, Patricia D. Franklin

Celeste A. Lemay

Objective: We evaluated receipt of pre-operative pain management education in a national prospective cohort on post-operative pain and function.

Methods: Preoperative, 2 week and 6 month postoperative data from a nationally representative cohort of 1404 primary unilateral TJR patients with a date of surgery between May 2011 and December 2014. Data included demographics, comorbid conditions, operative joint pain severity (HOOS/KOOS), musculoskeletal disease burden, physical function (SF36 PCS), and mental health (SF36 MCS). At 2 weeks post-op, patients were asked if they had received information prior to surgery about pain management options and if so, how helpful the information was ...


6-Month Change In Pain And Function By Pre-Operative Pain And Function Among Patients Selected For Total Knee Replacement In The United States, Uyen-Sa D.T. Nguyen, David Ayers, Wenjun Li, Leslie R. Harrold, Patricia D. Franklin 2016 University of Massachusettts Medical School

6-Month Change In Pain And Function By Pre-Operative Pain And Function Among Patients Selected For Total Knee Replacement In The United States, Uyen-Sa D.T. Nguyen, David Ayers, Wenjun Li, Leslie R. Harrold, Patricia D. Franklin

Leslie R. Harrold

Background/Purpose: The increase in total knee replacements (TKRs) between 1979 and 2006 is staggering. Debate is growing regarding the appropriate utilization of TKRs. We examined pain, function, quality of life (QOL), and satisfaction at 6-month post-surgery by pain and function at time of surgery. Methods: Data came from the nationally representative FORCE-TJR cohort of patients from 150 surgeons. Participants had primary, unilateral TKRs due to osteoarthritis between 2011 and 2014. Their knee pain (KOOS), physical functions (SF36), and QOL were measured at pre- and 6 months post-surgery. We classified patients as having high or low pre-operative pain (KOOS Pain ...


Culturally Adaptive Storytelling Method To Improve Hypertension Control In Vietnam - "We Talk About Our Hypertension": Study Protocol For A Feasibility Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial, Jeroan J. Allison, Hoa L. Nguyen, Duc A. Ha, German A. Pihan, Ha N. Ly, Hanh T. Tran, Ngoc T. Phan, Nguyen C. Vu, Minjin Kim, Robert J. Goldberg 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Culturally Adaptive Storytelling Method To Improve Hypertension Control In Vietnam - "We Talk About Our Hypertension": Study Protocol For A Feasibility Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial, Jeroan J. Allison, Hoa L. Nguyen, Duc A. Ha, German A. Pihan, Ha N. Ly, Hanh T. Tran, Ngoc T. Phan, Nguyen C. Vu, Minjin Kim, Robert J. Goldberg

Jeroan J. Allison

BACKGROUND: Vietnam is experiencing an epidemiologic transition with an increased prevalence of non-communicable diseases. At present, the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) are either on the rise or at alarming levels in Vietnam; inasmuch, the burden of CVD will continue to increase in this country unless effective prevention and control measures are put in place. A national survey in 2008 found that the prevalence of hypertension (HTN) was approximately 25 % among Vietnamese adults and it increased with advancing age. Therefore, novel, large-scale, and sustainable interventions for public health education to promote engagement in the process of detecting and ...


Can Physician Champions Improve Kangaroo Care? Trends Over 5 Years In Rural Western India, Apurv Soni, Amee Amin, Dipen V. Patel, Nisha Fahey, Ajay G. Phatak, Jeroan Allison, Somashekhar M. Nimbalkar 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Can Physician Champions Improve Kangaroo Care? Trends Over 5 Years In Rural Western India, Apurv Soni, Amee Amin, Dipen V. Patel, Nisha Fahey, Ajay G. Phatak, Jeroan Allison, Somashekhar M. Nimbalkar

Jeroan J. Allison

Introduction: In 2013, approximately 2.8 million children worldwide died within the neonatal period. India is at the epicenter of this tragedy, accounting for one-third of all neonatal mortalities. Prematurity and/or with low birth weight are the leading cause of neonatal mortality and India has the highest number of neonates born preterm and weighing less than 2,500 grams worldwide. It is estimated that Kangaroo Care can avert up to 48% of all neonatal deaths among premature babies by 2025. However, the promise of Kangaroo Care as a low-cost, safe, and efficacious intervention to reduce neonatal mortality in India ...


Using The Theory Of Planned Behavior To Predict Executives’ Intentions To Hire Psychologists In Federally Qualified Health Centers, Robert M. Tolliver 2016 East Tennessee State University

Using The Theory Of Planned Behavior To Predict Executives’ Intentions To Hire Psychologists In Federally Qualified Health Centers, Robert M. Tolliver

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Health psychologists with training in integrated care are ideal candidates to work in Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs). However, despite the large documented need for more behavioral health providers in FQHCs, psychologists are underrepresented in this setting compared to other behavioral health professions. The purpose of this study was to: 1) examine the specific beliefs that are most relevant to executives’ intentions to hire psychologists, 2) determine how executives’ perceived control over hiring psychologists varies by several demographic variables, and 3) examine how well the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) predicts executives’ intentions to hire psychologists. Method: Executives (N = 222 ...


Patient Satisfaction As A Reflection Of Quality Health Care And Outcomes, Ian C. Brown, Taylor M. Piatkowski 2016 James Madison University

Patient Satisfaction As A Reflection Of Quality Health Care And Outcomes, Ian C. Brown, Taylor M. Piatkowski

Physician Assistant Capstones

Background: In 2006 the Centers of Medicaid and Medicare Services mandated that acute care centers begin submitting HCAHPS survey data for financial reimbursement for Medicare patients. The national shift to a patient centered focus and the financial incentive to improve patient satisfaction scores has stimulated debate regarding the relationship between patient satisfaction and quality healthcare.

Clinical Question: Does improvement in patient satisfaction with their healthcare and its providers, as measured by the HCAHPS survey, improve healthcare quality and outcomes?

Design: Systematic literature review.

Methods: Searches were performed using PubMed and Scopus databases.The terms used for the PubMed search were ...


Public Health West Virginia 3.0, Danny Scalise, MBA II, David Didden, MD 2016 Fayette County Health Department

Public Health West Virginia 3.0, Danny Scalise, Mba Ii, David Didden, Md

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Public health across West Virginia and the nation faces a time of tremendous change. Health is influenced by individual lifestyle, social networks, living and working conditions, and general environmental conditions. As a result, the West Virginia Bureau for Public Health created the West Virginia Public Health Impact Task Force (PHITF) to develop an innovative, custom fit public health system in West Virginia. With goals of improving health, improving quality, and reducing costs, the PHITF recommended a health in all policies approach which combines innovative patient-centered public health services in every community, and asks that local public health partner with stakeholders ...


Depression Treatment Decreases Healthcare Expenditures Among Working Age Patients With Comorbid Conditions And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Along With Newly-Diagnosed Depression, Rituparna Bhattacharya, Chan Shen, Amy B. Wachholtz, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Usha Sambamthoori 2016 Humana, Inc.

Depression Treatment Decreases Healthcare Expenditures Among Working Age Patients With Comorbid Conditions And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Along With Newly-Diagnosed Depression, Rituparna Bhattacharya, Chan Shen, Amy B. Wachholtz, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Usha Sambamthoori

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: There are many studies in the literature on the association between depression treatment and health expenditures. However, there is a knowledge gap in examining this relationship taking into account coexisting chronic conditions among patients with diabetes. We aim to analyze the association between depression treatment and healthcare expenditures among adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and newly-diagnosed depression, with consideration of coexisting chronic physical conditions.

METHODS: We used multi-state Medicaid data (2000-2008) and adopted a retrospective longitudinal cohort design. Medical conditions were identified using diagnosis codes (ICD-9-CM and CPT systems). Healthcare expenditures were aggregated for each month for ...


The Beauty Of Banner Tables, Pei-Pei Lei, Carla Hillerns 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Beauty Of Banner Tables, Pei-Pei Lei, Carla Hillerns

Center for Health Policy and Research (CHPR) Publications

Blog post to AEA365, a blog sponsored by the American Evaluation Association (AEA) dedicated to highlighting Hot Tips, Cool Tricks, Rad Resources, and Lessons Learned for evaluators. The American Evaluation Association is an international professional association of evaluators devoted to the application and exploration of program evaluation, personnel evaluation, technology, and many other forms of evaluation. Evaluation involves assessing the strengths and weaknesses of programs, policies, personnel, products, and organizations to improve their effectiveness.


Families Healing Together: Exploring A Family Recovery Online Course, Samantha Estrada 2016 University of Northern Colorado

Families Healing Together: Exploring A Family Recovery Online Course, Samantha Estrada

The Qualitative Report

Family members who are trying to support their loved one are often overburdened with stress, and health issues. Research has shown that families who receive family psychosocial education and support can have a dramatic impact on recovery outcomes and their family’s overall well-being. Family psychoeducation is not common. Families Healing Together (FHT) is an online family mental health recovery program that was developed to address this critical gap in family mental health care services. Using an exploratory case study methodology to understand how the program’s philosophy and practice impacts the program’s participants as well as how the ...


United States Health Care Reform Progress To Date And Next Steps, Barack H. Obama 2016 The White House

United States Health Care Reform Progress To Date And Next Steps, Barack H. Obama

Public Health Resources

IMPORTANCE The Affordable Care Act is the most important health care legislation enacted in the United States since the creation of Medicare and Medicaid in 1965. The law implemented comprehensive reforms designed to improve the accessibility, affordability, and quality of health care.

OBJECTIVES To review the factors influencing the decision to pursue health reform, summarize evidence on the effects of the law to date, recommend actions that could improve the health care system, and identify general lessons for public policy from the Affordable Care Act.

EVIDENCE Analysis of publicly available data, data obtained from government agencies, and published research findings ...


The Carefirst Patient-Centered Medical Home Program: Cost And Utilization Effects In Its First Three Years, Alison Cuellar, Lorens A. Helmchen, Gilbert Gimm, Jay Want, Sriteja Burla, Bradley Kells, Iwona Kicinger, Len M. Nichols 2016 George Washington University

The Carefirst Patient-Centered Medical Home Program: Cost And Utilization Effects In Its First Three Years, Alison Cuellar, Lorens A. Helmchen, Gilbert Gimm, Jay Want, Sriteja Burla, Bradley Kells, Iwona Kicinger, Len M. Nichols

Health Policy and Management Faculty Publications

Background

Enhanced primary care models have diffused slowly and shown uneven results. Because their structural features are costly and challenging for small practices to implement, they offer modest rewards for improved performance, and improvement takes time.

Objective

To test whether a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model that significantly rewarded cost savings and accommodated small primary care practices was associated with lower spending, fewer hospital admissions, and fewer emergency room visits.

Design

We compared medical care expenditures and utilization among adults who participated in the PCMH program to adults who did not participate. We computed difference-in-difference estimates using two-part multivariate generalized ...


A Sustainable Approach To Health Systems Strengthening In Developing Countries: Lessons From The Ebola Crisis, Prince Tarnah 2016 SIT Graduate Institute

A Sustainable Approach To Health Systems Strengthening In Developing Countries: Lessons From The Ebola Crisis, Prince Tarnah

Capstone Collection

The research paper started with emphasizing the importance of health security as an issue of global concern under the UNDP theory of human security. The research then proceeded with a focus on the approaches to health systems strengthening and a reflection on lessons learned from the Ebola virus outbreak to answer the question: How do we approach health systems strengthening (HSS) to achieve sustainable impact? Scholarly articles, and literature from other authoritative sources on health systems strengthening, like the World Health Organization (WHO) and the US Agency for International Development (USAID), were reviewed to determine a clear definition of HSS ...


Survival Rates In Trauma Patients Following Health Care Reform In Massachusetts, Turner Osler, Laurent G. Glance, Wenjun Li, Jeffery S. Buzas, David W. Hosmer 2016 University of Vermont Medical Center

Survival Rates In Trauma Patients Following Health Care Reform In Massachusetts, Turner Osler, Laurent G. Glance, Wenjun Li, Jeffery S. Buzas, David W. Hosmer

Wenjun Li

IMPORTANCE: Massachusetts introduced health care reform (HCR) in 2006, expecting to expand health insurance coverage and improve outcomes. Because traumatic injury is a common acute condition with important health, disability, and economic consequences, examination of the effect of HCR on patients hospitalized following injury may help inform the national HCR debate. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of Massachusetts HCR on survival rates of injured patients. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective cohort study of 1,520,599 patients hospitalized following traumatic injury in Massachusetts or New York during the 10 years (2002-2011) surrounding Massachusetts HCR using data from the State Inpatient ...


Adherence To Evidence-Based Secondary Prevention Pharmacotherapy In Patients After An Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Systematic Review, Han-Yang Chen, Jane S. Saczynski, Kate L. Lapane, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Adherence To Evidence-Based Secondary Prevention Pharmacotherapy In Patients After An Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Systematic Review, Han-Yang Chen, Jane S. Saczynski, Kate L. Lapane, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg

Robert J. Goldberg

OBJECTIVE: To synthesize current evidence on medication adherence rates and associated risk factors in patients after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

METHODS: A systematic review was conducted. Five electronic databases and article bibliographies were searched for publications from 1990 to 2013 which assessed adherence to secondary prevention pharmacotherapy in adults after hospital discharge for an ACS. Identified studies were screened using pre-defined criteria for eligibility. A standardized form was used for data abstraction. Methodological quality was assessed using modified criteria for quantitative studies.

RESULTS: Sixteen studies met our inclusion criteria. Post-discharge medication adherence rates at 1-year ranged between 54% and ...


Driving Change: Tips For Helping Stakeholders Stay Motivated, Joshua P. Twomey, Joan Johnston 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Driving Change: Tips For Helping Stakeholders Stay Motivated, Joshua P. Twomey, Joan Johnston

Center for Health Policy and Research (CHPR) Publications

Blog post to AEA365, a blog sponsored by the American Evaluation Association (AEA) dedicated to highlighting Hot Tips, Cool Tricks, Rad Resources, and Lessons Learned for evaluators. The American Evaluation Association is an international professional association of evaluators devoted to the application and exploration of program evaluation, personnel evaluation, technology, and many other forms of evaluation. Evaluation involves assessing the strengths and weaknesses of programs, policies, personnel, products, and organizations to improve their effectiveness.


Tweet, Like, Share: Using Social Media To Connect With The Evaluation World, Jennifer Rosinski 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Tweet, Like, Share: Using Social Media To Connect With The Evaluation World, Jennifer Rosinski

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

Blog post to AEA365, a blog sponsored by the American Evaluation Association (AEA) dedicated to highlighting Hot Tips, Cool Tricks, Rad Resources, and Lessons Learned for evaluators. The American Evaluation Association is an international professional association of evaluators devoted to the application and exploration of program evaluation, personnel evaluation, technology, and many other forms of evaluation. Evaluation involves assessing the strengths and weaknesses of programs, policies, personnel, products, and organizations to improve their effectiveness.


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