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Public Health West Virginia 3.0, Danny Scalise, MBA II, David Didden, MD 2016 Fayette County Health Department

Public Health West Virginia 3.0, Danny Scalise, Mba Ii, David Didden, Md

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Public health across West Virginia and the nation faces a time of tremendous change. Health is influenced by individual lifestyle, social networks, living and working conditions, and general environmental conditions. As a result, the West Virginia Bureau for Public Health created the West Virginia Public Health Impact Task Force (PHITF) to develop an innovative, custom fit public health system in West Virginia. With goals of improving health, improving quality, and reducing costs, the PHITF recommended a health in all policies approach which combines innovative patient-centered public health services in every community, and asks that local public health partner with stakeholders ...


The Beauty Of Banner Tables, Pei-Pei Lei, Carla Hillerns 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Beauty Of Banner Tables, Pei-Pei Lei, Carla Hillerns

Center for Health Policy and Research (CHPR) Publications and Presentations

Blog post to AEA365, a blog sponsored by the American Evaluation Association (AEA) dedicated to highlighting Hot Tips, Cool Tricks, Rad Resources, and Lessons Learned for evaluators. The American Evaluation Association is an international professional association of evaluators devoted to the application and exploration of program evaluation, personnel evaluation, technology, and many other forms of evaluation. Evaluation involves assessing the strengths and weaknesses of programs, policies, personnel, products, and organizations to improve their effectiveness.


Families Healing Together: Exploring A Family Recovery Online Course, Samantha Estrada 2016 University of Northern Colorado

Families Healing Together: Exploring A Family Recovery Online Course, Samantha Estrada

The Qualitative Report

Family members who are trying to support their loved one are often overburdened with stress, and health issues. Research has shown that families who receive family psychosocial education and support can have a dramatic impact on recovery outcomes and their family’s overall well-being. Family psychoeducation is not common. Families Healing Together (FHT) is an online family mental health recovery program that was developed to address this critical gap in family mental health care services. Using an exploratory case study methodology to understand how the program’s philosophy and practice impacts the program’s participants as well as how the ...


United States Health Care Reform Progress To Date And Next Steps, Barack H. Obama 2016 The White House

United States Health Care Reform Progress To Date And Next Steps, Barack H. Obama

Public Health Resources

IMPORTANCE The Affordable Care Act is the most important health care legislation enacted in the United States since the creation of Medicare and Medicaid in 1965. The law implemented comprehensive reforms designed to improve the accessibility, affordability, and quality of health care.

OBJECTIVES To review the factors influencing the decision to pursue health reform, summarize evidence on the effects of the law to date, recommend actions that could improve the health care system, and identify general lessons for public policy from the Affordable Care Act.

EVIDENCE Analysis of publicly available data, data obtained from government agencies, and published research findings ...


Survival Rates In Trauma Patients Following Health Care Reform In Massachusetts, Turner Osler, Laurent G. Glance, Wenjun Li, Jeffery S. Buzas, David W. Hosmer 2016 University of Vermont Medical Center

Survival Rates In Trauma Patients Following Health Care Reform In Massachusetts, Turner Osler, Laurent G. Glance, Wenjun Li, Jeffery S. Buzas, David W. Hosmer

Wenjun Li

IMPORTANCE: Massachusetts introduced health care reform (HCR) in 2006, expecting to expand health insurance coverage and improve outcomes. Because traumatic injury is a common acute condition with important health, disability, and economic consequences, examination of the effect of HCR on patients hospitalized following injury may help inform the national HCR debate. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of Massachusetts HCR on survival rates of injured patients. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective cohort study of 1,520,599 patients hospitalized following traumatic injury in Massachusetts or New York during the 10 years (2002-2011) surrounding Massachusetts HCR using data from the State Inpatient ...


Adherence To Evidence-Based Secondary Prevention Pharmacotherapy In Patients After An Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Systematic Review, Han-Yang Chen, Jane S. Saczynski, Kate L. Lapane, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Adherence To Evidence-Based Secondary Prevention Pharmacotherapy In Patients After An Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Systematic Review, Han-Yang Chen, Jane S. Saczynski, Kate L. Lapane, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg

Robert J. Goldberg

OBJECTIVE: To synthesize current evidence on medication adherence rates and associated risk factors in patients after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

METHODS: A systematic review was conducted. Five electronic databases and article bibliographies were searched for publications from 1990 to 2013 which assessed adherence to secondary prevention pharmacotherapy in adults after hospital discharge for an ACS. Identified studies were screened using pre-defined criteria for eligibility. A standardized form was used for data abstraction. Methodological quality was assessed using modified criteria for quantitative studies.

RESULTS: Sixteen studies met our inclusion criteria. Post-discharge medication adherence rates at 1-year ranged between 54% and ...


Driving Change: Tips For Helping Stakeholders Stay Motivated, Joshua P. Twomey, Joan Johnston 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Driving Change: Tips For Helping Stakeholders Stay Motivated, Joshua P. Twomey, Joan Johnston

Center for Health Policy and Research (CHPR) Publications and Presentations

Blog post to AEA365, a blog sponsored by the American Evaluation Association (AEA) dedicated to highlighting Hot Tips, Cool Tricks, Rad Resources, and Lessons Learned for evaluators. The American Evaluation Association is an international professional association of evaluators devoted to the application and exploration of program evaluation, personnel evaluation, technology, and many other forms of evaluation. Evaluation involves assessing the strengths and weaknesses of programs, policies, personnel, products, and organizations to improve their effectiveness.


Tweet, Like, Share: Using Social Media To Connect With The Evaluation World, Jennifer Rosinski 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Tweet, Like, Share: Using Social Media To Connect With The Evaluation World, Jennifer Rosinski

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

Blog post to AEA365, a blog sponsored by the American Evaluation Association (AEA) dedicated to highlighting Hot Tips, Cool Tricks, Rad Resources, and Lessons Learned for evaluators. The American Evaluation Association is an international professional association of evaluators devoted to the application and exploration of program evaluation, personnel evaluation, technology, and many other forms of evaluation. Evaluation involves assessing the strengths and weaknesses of programs, policies, personnel, products, and organizations to improve their effectiveness.


West Virginia Nursing Homes: Are They Up To The Standard?, Guillermo Madero MD, Shirley M. Neitch MD 2016 Marshall University

West Virginia Nursing Homes: Are They Up To The Standard?, Guillermo Madero Md, Shirley M. Neitch Md

Shirley M. Neitch

Quality measurement and performance monitoring are under continuous assessment in Nursing Homes (NH). Through this research project we assess the quality of care provided in the NH in the state of West Virginia by publicly accessible quality measurements. The methodology for this research study was through the retrieval of data from the Nursing Home Compare website in which a total of 80 NH were located and analyzed. The results demonstrate that more than 50% of NH in West Virginia are at or above the national average when compared using the Five Star Rating System by CMS, in overall rating (59 ...


West Virginia Nursing Homes: Are They Up To The Standard?, Guillermo Madero MD, Shirley M. Neitch MD 2016 Marshall University

West Virginia Nursing Homes: Are They Up To The Standard?, Guillermo Madero Md, Shirley M. Neitch Md

Guillermo Madero

Quality measurement and performance monitoring are under continuous assessment in Nursing Homes (NH). Through this research project we assess the quality of care provided in the NH in the state of West Virginia by publicly accessible quality measurements. The methodology for this research study was through the retrieval of data from the Nursing Home Compare website in which a total of 80 NH were located and analyzed. The results demonstrate that more than 50% of NH in West Virginia are at or above the national average when compared using the Five Star Rating System by CMS, in overall rating (59 ...


Prep Advocacy Project: Increasing The Adoption Of Pre-­Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep) In San Luis Obispo County, Leona Rajaee 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Prep Advocacy Project: Increasing The Adoption Of Pre-­Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep) In San Luis Obispo County, Leona Rajaee

Journalism

The following study investigates the need for Pre­exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) in San Luis Obispo (SLO) County in order to develop an effective health outreach and advocacy program that could increase the adoption of PrEP treatment and in turn decrease new HIV transmissions in the community studied. The sponsor of this study is the Access Support Network (ASN), a non­profit organization that provides supportive services for individuals living with HIV/AIDS. ASN launched this study after observing the effectiveness of PrEP in metropolitan cities. At the same time, ASN also noticed a rise in new HIV transmissions, particularly among ...


Kentucky Special Report: State-Level Field Network Study Of The Implementation Of The Affordable Care Act, Julia Costich, Glen P. Mays 2016 University of Kentucky

Kentucky Special Report: State-Level Field Network Study Of The Implementation Of The Affordable Care Act, Julia Costich, Glen P. Mays

Health Management and Policy Reports

No abstract provided.


Chhs June 2016 Icymi, Dr. John Bonaguro, VaShon S. Wells, editor, College of Health and Human Services 2016 Western Kentucky University

Chhs June 2016 Icymi, Dr. John Bonaguro, Vashon S. Wells, Editor, College Of Health And Human Services

College of Health & Human Services Publications

No abstract provided.


Assessing The Education And Training Needs Of Nebraska's Public Health Workforce, Brandon L. Grimm, Patrik Johansson, Preethy Nayar, Bettye A. Apenteng, Samuel T. Opoku, Anh Nguyen 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Assessing The Education And Training Needs Of Nebraska's Public Health Workforce, Brandon L. Grimm, Patrik Johansson, Preethy Nayar, Bettye A. Apenteng, Samuel T. Opoku, Anh Nguyen

Samuel T. Opoku

No abstract provided.


A Comparative Assessment Of Nebraska’S J1 Visa Waiver And State Loan Repayment Programs In The Recruitment And Retention Of Physicians, Samuel T. Opoku, Bettye A. Apenteng, Ge Lin, Li-Wu Chen, David Palm, Thomas Rauner 2016 Georgia Southern University

A Comparative Assessment Of Nebraska’S J1 Visa Waiver And State Loan Repayment Programs In The Recruitment And Retention Of Physicians, Samuel T. Opoku, Bettye A. Apenteng, Ge Lin, Li-Wu Chen, David Palm, Thomas Rauner

Samuel T. Opoku

Purpose

There is a dearth of literature evaluating the effectiveness of programs aimed at recruiting and retaining physicians in rural Nebraska. Taking advantage of the Nebraska Health Professional Tracking System, this study attempts to comparatively assess the effectiveness of the J-1 visa waiver and state loan repayment programs in the recruitment and retention of physicians in rural Nebraska.

Methods

A mixed methods approach was used. We tracked 240 physicians who enrolled in the J-1 visa waiver and state loan repayment programs between 1996 and 2012 until 2013. In addition, key informant interviews were conducted to obtain perspectives on the recruitment ...


Employee Influenza Vaccination In Residential Care Facilities, Bettye A. Apenteng, Samuel T. Opoku 2016 Georgia Southern University

Employee Influenza Vaccination In Residential Care Facilities, Bettye A. Apenteng, Samuel T. Opoku

Samuel T. Opoku

Background: The organizational literature on infection control in residential care facilities is limited. Using a nationally representative dataset, we examined the organizational factors associated with implementing at least 1 influenza-related employee vaccination policy/program, as well as the effect of vaccination policies on health care worker (HCW) influenza vaccine uptake in residential care facilities.

Methods: The study was a cross-sectional study using data from the 2010 National Survey of Residential Care Facilities. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to address the study’s objectives.

Results: Facility size, director’s educational attainment, and having a written influenza pandemic preparedness plan were ...


Did A Physician-Targeted Intervention That Reduced Potentially Inappropriate Prescribing To Elderly Patients Also Reduce Related Hospitalizations?, Jacquelyn McRae, PharmD, Sarah E. Hegarty, PharmD, M. Alcusky, A. Vegesna, S. Varga, S. W. Keith, S. Del Canale, M. Lombardi, Vittorio Maio, PharmD, MSPH 2016 Jefferson College of Population Health, Thomas Jefferson University

Did A Physician-Targeted Intervention That Reduced Potentially Inappropriate Prescribing To Elderly Patients Also Reduce Related Hospitalizations?, Jacquelyn Mcrae, Pharmd, Sarah E. Hegarty, Pharmd, M. Alcusky, A. Vegesna, S. Varga, S. W. Keith, S. Del Canale, M. Lombardi, Vittorio Maio, Pharmd, Msph

Jefferson College of Population Health Posters

Objectives:

To determine whether a general practitioner focused intervention aimed at decreasing PIM prescribing in the elderly can decrease the risk of PIM-related hospitalizations.

Poster presented at 2016 ISPOR conference in Washington DC.


Race/Sex Group Modification Of The Association Between Allostatic Load And Depression: Findings From The National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2010, Ganga Bey, Sharina D. Person 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Race/Sex Group Modification Of The Association Between Allostatic Load And Depression: Findings From The National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2010, Ganga Bey, Sharina D. Person

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Objective: We assessed whether the relationship between depression and chronic stress as measured in allostatic load (AL) differs by race and sex among US black and white adults.

Methods: Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2010, we examined race/sex modification of the relationship between AL and depression in black and white women and men aged 18-64 years (n=6431). AL scores, ranging from 0-9, were calculated using 9 cardiovascular, metabolic, and immunologic biomarkers; scores ≥ 4 were considered “high-risk”. Depression was assessed using the PHQ-9; scores ≥ 10 indicate clinical depression. Logistic regression models estimated odds ...


The Impact Of Changing Guidelines On Prostate Cancer Screening In A Population-Based Setting, 2000-2014, Daniel M. Frendl, Mara M. Epstein, Hassan Fouayzi, Richard Krajenta, Benjamin A. Rybicki, Mitchell H. Sokoloff 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Impact Of Changing Guidelines On Prostate Cancer Screening In A Population-Based Setting, 2000-2014, Daniel M. Frendl, Mara M. Epstein, Hassan Fouayzi, Richard Krajenta, Benjamin A. Rybicki, Mitchell H. Sokoloff

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Introduction: This study evaluates the potential impact of the publication of conflicting prostate cancer (PCa) screening trial results in 2009 and changes to the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) guidelines to recommend against screening in 2012 on temporal trends in PSA testing at two participating sites in the NCI-funded Cancer Research Network.

Methods: Study participants were men aged 40-80 without a history of PCa who sought care at Fallon Health (Worcester, MA) or Henry Ford Health System (Detroit, MI) between 2000-2014. We used health claims and electronic health record data to identify men who underwent PSA testing per calendar ...


Hospice And Pain Management In Nursing Home Residents With Cancer, Jacob N. Hunnicutt, Jennifer Tjia, Kate L. Lapane 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Hospice And Pain Management In Nursing Home Residents With Cancer, Jacob N. Hunnicutt, Jennifer Tjia, Kate L. Lapane

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Background: The prevalence of untreated pain in nursing home residents with cancer is unacceptably high. Hospice may increase the likelihood of receiving pain management at the end of life.

Objectives: To estimate whether receipt of hospice in nursing homes increases the receipt of pain management for nursing home residents with cancer at the end of life.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study on a national sample of Medicare decedents who had cancer and were nursing home residents during the last 90 days of life in 2011–2012. We used the last Minimum Data Set (MDS) 3.0 assessment before death ...


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