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Community Paramedicine Pilot Programs: Lessons From Maine, Karen B. Pearson MLIS, MA, George Shaler MPH 2017 University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service, Maine Rural Health Research Center

Community Paramedicine Pilot Programs: Lessons From Maine, Karen B. Pearson Mlis, Ma, George Shaler Mph

Access / Insurance

Community paramedicine programs are beginning to flourish across the nation, and the need to provide demonstration or pilot programs is essential to providing a consistent and high-level standard for this model of care. While the overarching goals are to align with the Triple Aim, piloting a community paramedicine program also allows each community to develop and implement a program tailored to the healthcare needs of their specific community. A successful program builds the evidence base that can then be used to create legislative change necessary to financially sustain this model of care across the healthcare delivery system. This article provides ...


Effectiveness Of Four-Decontamination Techniques On Bacterial Growth On Cpr Manikins After Use In A Cpr Course, Rachel K. Katch, David C. Berry 2017 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Effectiveness Of Four-Decontamination Techniques On Bacterial Growth On Cpr Manikins After Use In A Cpr Course, Rachel K. Katch, David C. Berry

International Journal of First Aid Education

Context: The American Red Cross and American Heart Association are strong advocates of preventing disease transmission during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training by promoting careful and consistent manikin decontamination. Because CPR is taught worldwide, identifying low-cost, efficient, and effective means of decontamination is imperative. Objective: Determine the degree of contamination on CPR manikins after routine use, and evaluate the efficacy of four disinfecting methods to reduce bacterial growth. Design: Descriptive laboratory. Setting: CPR class; microbiology laboratory. Subjects Forty-eight Actar 911™ CPR manikins (Armstrong Medical Industries, Lincolnshire, IL). Main Outcome Measure(s): Dependent variable was bacterial colony growth (count); independent variable was ...


Teen, Parent, And Clinician Expectations About Obesity And Related Conditions During The Annual Well-Child Visit, Andrew S. Bossick, Charles Barone, Gwen L. Alexander, Heather A. Olden, Tanya Troy, Andrea E. Cassidy-Bushrow 2017 Henry Ford Health System

Teen, Parent, And Clinician Expectations About Obesity And Related Conditions During The Annual Well-Child Visit, Andrew S. Bossick, Charles Barone, Gwen L. Alexander, Heather A. Olden, Tanya Troy, Andrea E. Cassidy-Bushrow

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: This study aimed to examine family (patient, parent/guardian) and clinician preferences for identification and management of obesity and obesity-related conditions during the well-child visit.

Methods: Four focus groups with teen patients (n = 16), four focus groups with parents (n = 15) and one focus group with providers (n = 12) were conducted using a structured moderator guide tailored to each population. Eligible patients had a well-child visit during the past 12 months and a diagnosis of overweight, obesity, hyperlipidemia or elevated blood pressure. Parents who attended their child’s well-child visit and whose child met the diagnostic criteria were eligible ...


Advancing Learning Health Systems Through Embedded Research: The 23rd Annual Conference Of The Health Care Systems Research Network, Harold S. Luft, Ming Tai-Seale, Sarah M. Greene 2017 University of California, San Francisco

Advancing Learning Health Systems Through Embedded Research: The 23rd Annual Conference Of The Health Care Systems Research Network, Harold S. Luft, Ming Tai-Seale, Sarah M. Greene

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

The 23rd annual conference of the Health Care Systems Research Network (HCSRN, formerly the HMO Research Network) was held in San Diego, California, March 21–23, 2017, attracting 387 attendees. As a consortium of 20 research organizations embedded in or affiliated with large health care delivery organizations, the HCSRN has held annual research conferences since 1994. The overall aim of the conferences is to bring researchers, project staff, research funders and other stakeholders together to share latest scientific findings and foster new research ideas and collaborations. The 2017 conference was hosted by the Palo Alto Medical Foundation Research Institute.

Each ...


Misperceptions And The Misused Language Of Addiction: Words Matter, Richard Saitz 2017 Boston University School of Public Health

Misperceptions And The Misused Language Of Addiction: Words Matter, Richard Saitz

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NN/LM NER) Repository

Despite recognition of addiction as a health condition, terminology used in both layperson and scientific publications is often inaccurate and stigmatizing. National and international efforts are now afoot to encourage the use of terminology that can improve accuracy, reduce stigma, and even improve care. Dr. Richard Saitz from the Boston University School of Public Health will discuss the rationale for terms that should and should not be preferred.


Call For Submissions. Special Issue – July 2018: Patient & Family Experience In Children’S Hospitals And Pediatric Care, Patient Experience Journal 2017 The Beryl Institute

Call For Submissions. Special Issue – July 2018: Patient & Family Experience In Children’S Hospitals And Pediatric Care, Patient Experience Journal

Patient Experience Journal

Patient Experience Journal (PXJ) is excited to announce a call for submission for its special issue scheduled for July 2018 on the topic of patient & family experience in children’s hospitals and pediatric care. This special issue is open to all authors conducting cutting-edge research, implementing innovative practices or with powerful experiences to share around efforts in either children’s hospitals or pediatric care. It is encouraged that articles submitted deal directly with efforts in those care settings. The issue will look for pieces that address evidence-based efforts at improvement, practices that have impact on outcomes or stories that reflect ...


Experience-Based Co-Design: A Method For Patient And Family Engagement In System-Level Quality Improvement, Bianca Fucile, Erica Bridge, Charlene Duliban, Madelyn P. Law Dr. 2017 Brock University

Experience-Based Co-Design: A Method For Patient And Family Engagement In System-Level Quality Improvement, Bianca Fucile, Erica Bridge, Charlene Duliban, Madelyn P. Law Dr.

Patient Experience Journal

Integrating patient and family member needs, wants and preferences in healthcare is of utmost importance. However, a standardized patient and family engagement model to understand these needs, wants and preferences in order to translate into high quality improvement activities is lacking. Experience based co-design (EBCD) is an approach that enables patients, family members and healthcare providers to co-design improvement initiatives together. In this study, EBCD was employed to: 1) assess the current state of information and educational resources at a local oncology center and 2) partner with patients, family members, and healthcare providers to create quality improvement initiatives targeting identified ...


Integrating Person Directed Care Into The Client Experience, Tammy L. Marshall Ms., Joann P. Reinhardt, Orah Burack, Audrey S. Weiner 2017 The New Jewish Home

Integrating Person Directed Care Into The Client Experience, Tammy L. Marshall Ms., Joann P. Reinhardt, Orah Burack, Audrey S. Weiner

Patient Experience Journal

Culture Change leaders in long term care have identified creative ways to implement a model of Person Directed Care to improve the client experience by providing choice, instilling dignity, and fostering deep relationships among its community members. One organization created an environment of care called ”The Small House” and educated its’ workforce using the Green House® Project Legacy Alignment program to redesign the organizational structure, experience and environment. Interviews were conducted with elders, staff, and family members (N=20) about their experiences living, working or visiting a Small House as compared to experiences in their previous dwelling, a traditional nursing ...


Understanding The Role Of Patient And Public Involvement In Renal Dietetic Research, Andrew Morris Mr, Deborah Biggerstaff, Nithya Krishnan, Deborah Lycett 2017 University Hospital Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust

Understanding The Role Of Patient And Public Involvement In Renal Dietetic Research, Andrew Morris Mr, Deborah Biggerstaff, Nithya Krishnan, Deborah Lycett

Patient Experience Journal

The objective was to consult patients on a proposed recruitment strategy to a patient and public involvement exercise. We wanted to explore the reasoning and willingness of patients to become co-researchers within a grant application. Eighteen people using the renal health service informed the consultation by action research so that their experiences could be used to guide the overall methodology. Twelve people took part in semi-structured interviews. NVIVO 10 and Framework Analysis were used to interpret emerging themes from the data. The recruitment strategy, informed by research expertise, became an experience-based expert design. The design took into account the limitations ...


Lack Of Patient Involvement In Care Decisions And Not Receiving Written Discharge Instructions Are Associated With Unplanned Readmissions Up To One Year, Kyle A. Kemp, Hude Quan, Maria J. Santana 2017 University of Calgary

Lack Of Patient Involvement In Care Decisions And Not Receiving Written Discharge Instructions Are Associated With Unplanned Readmissions Up To One Year, Kyle A. Kemp, Hude Quan, Maria J. Santana

Patient Experience Journal

This retrospective, cross-sectional study examined the relationship between aspects of inpatient communication and discharge instructions and unplanned, all-cause readmissions using individual-level data up to one-year post-discharge. Patients completed the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) telephone survey within 6 weeks of hospital discharge in Alberta, Canada. Survey data were linked to corresponding inpatient records. Independent variables included selected demographic characteristics, clinical variables, and five survey questions: a) patient involvement in care decisions, b) receiving written information at discharge, c) understanding the purpose of taking medications, d) understanding responsibility for one’s health, and e) discussing help needed ...


A Trip To Healthcare, david e. matz 2017 UMass/Boston

A Trip To Healthcare, David E. Matz

Patient Experience Journal

This narrative shares how my experience with two colonoscopies and three surgeries in one year taught me that I am not so good at engaging in treatment decisions. I thought I was. This essay sets out where I made my mistakes, why I believe I made those mistakes, and how the hospitals, intentionally or not, made good decision-making harder. I offer two suggestions for enhancing the role of the patient in decision-making including 1) Every doctor in a diagnostic-decision-making interview should use the sentence “You have some choices here.” The doctor will have preferences, of course, but the patient needs ...


The Paradigm Of Patient Must Evolve: Why A False Sense Of Limited Capacity Can Subvert All Attempts At Patient Involvement, Dave deBronkart 2017 Chair Emeritus, Society for Participatory Medicine

The Paradigm Of Patient Must Evolve: Why A False Sense Of Limited Capacity Can Subvert All Attempts At Patient Involvement, Dave Debronkart

Patient Experience Journal

This essay reviews the role of paradigms in molding the thoughts of a scientific field and looks rigorously at what two key terms mean – empowered and engaged – and how their interaction points to a new way forward, requiring a re-examination of our “paradigm of patient.” Five years ago, the Institute of Medicine’s Best Care at Lower Cost declared that patient-clinician partnerships are a cornerstone of a learning health system, a declaration that’s foundational to the era of involvement. How can we engineer that era correctly if our conception of “patient” is out of date? And how can we ...


Pushing The Boundaries Of Patient Experience, Jason A. Wolf PhD 2017 The Beryl Institute / Patient Experience Journal

Pushing The Boundaries Of Patient Experience, Jason A. Wolf Phd

Patient Experience Journal

This special issue is designed to push the boundaries of patient experience a little farther. Beyond just examples of applying the critical principles of patient and family centered care or even practices of patient engagement, we have been pushed to move further down the perspective of partnership, to the era of “doing with” in which healthcare now finds itself. The idea of involvement as the descriptor selected to frame this issue, was due to its broad and representative nature. It reflects all the words on involving patients mentioned above, but gets further along to participation and ownership (or activation as ...


A Cross-Sectional Analysis Of Pharmaceutical Industry-Funded Events For Health Professionals In Australia, Alice Fabbri, Quinn Grundy, Barbara Mintzes, Swestika Swandari, Ray Moynihan, Emily Walkom, Lisa A Bero 2017 University of Sydney

A Cross-Sectional Analysis Of Pharmaceutical Industry-Funded Events For Health Professionals In Australia, Alice Fabbri, Quinn Grundy, Barbara Mintzes, Swestika Swandari, Ray Moynihan, Emily Walkom, Lisa A Bero

Ray Moynihan

OBJECTIVES:

To analyse patterns and characteristics of pharmaceutical industry sponsorship of events for Australian health professionals and to understand the implications of recent changes in transparency provisions that no longer require reporting of payments for food and beverages.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional analysis.

PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING:

301 publicly available company transparency reports downloaded from the website of Medicines Australia, the pharmaceutical industry trade association, covering the period from October 2011 to September 2015.

RESULTS:

Forty-two companies sponsored 116 845 events for health professionals, on average 608 per week with 30 attendees per event. Events typically included a broad range of health professionals ...


Supporting And Retaining Village Health Teams: An Assessment Of A Community Health Worker Program In Two Ugandan Districts., Daniel C Mays, Edward J O'Neil, Edison A Mworozi, Benjamin J Lough, Zachary J Tabb, Ashlyn E Whitlock, Edward M Mutimba, Zohray M Talib 2017 George Washington University

Supporting And Retaining Village Health Teams: An Assessment Of A Community Health Worker Program In Two Ugandan Districts., Daniel C Mays, Edward J O'Neil, Edison A Mworozi, Benjamin J Lough, Zachary J Tabb, Ashlyn E Whitlock, Edward M Mutimba, Zohray M Talib

Health Policy and Management Faculty Publications

Background

Uganda’s national community health worker program involves volunteer Village Health Teams (VHTs) delivering basic health services and education. Evidence demonstrates their positive impact on health outcomes, particularly for Ugandans who would otherwise lack access to health services. Despite their impact, VHTs are not optimally supported and attrition is a growing problem. In this study, we examined the support needs and existing challenges of VHTs in two Ugandan districts and evaluated specific factors associated with long-term retention. We report on findings from a standardized survey of VHTs and exploratory interviews with key stakeholders and draw conclusions that inform efforts ...


Navigating To Health: Evaluation Of A Community Health Center Patient Navigation Program, Monica L. Wang, Leah Gallivan, Stephenie C. Lemon, Amy Borg, Jose Ramirez, Brenda Figueroa, Antonia McGuire, Milagros C. Rosal 2017 Boston University School of Public Health

Navigating To Health: Evaluation Of A Community Health Center Patient Navigation Program, Monica L. Wang, Leah Gallivan, Stephenie C. Lemon, Amy Borg, Jose Ramirez, Brenda Figueroa, Antonia Mcguire, Milagros C. Rosal

Milagros C. Rosal

Patient Navigators are trained, lay health care workers who guide patients in overcoming barriers to health care access and utilization. Little evidence exists regarding reach and impact of Patient Navigators for chronic disease management. This study evaluated a Patient Navigator program aimed at optimizing health care utilization among ethnically diverse patients with diabetes and/or hypertension at a community health center (CHC). Trained Patient Navigators contacted eligible patients who had not seen a primary care provider (PCP) for > /= 6 months. Outcomes included number of patients reached by Patient Navigators and seen by PCPs after Patient Navigator contact. Distributions and frequencies ...


Psychometric Development Of The Research And Knowledge Scale, Lauren R. Powell, Elizabeth Ojukwu, Sharina D. Person, Jeroan J. Allison, Milagros C. Rosal, Stephenie C. Lemon 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Psychometric Development Of The Research And Knowledge Scale, Lauren R. Powell, Elizabeth Ojukwu, Sharina D. Person, Jeroan J. Allison, Milagros C. Rosal, Stephenie C. Lemon

Stephenie C. Lemon

BACKGROUND: Many research participants are misinformed about research terms, procedures, and goals; however, no validated instruments exist to assess individual's comprehension of health-related research information. We propose research literacy as a concept that incorporates understanding about the purpose and nature of research.

OBJECTIVES: We developed the Research and Knowledge Scale (RaKS) to measure research literacy in a culturally, literacy-sensitive manner. We describe its development and psychometric properties.

RESEARCH DESIGN: Qualitative methods were used to assess perspectives of research participants and researchers. Literature and informed consent reviews were conducted to develop initial items. These data were used to develop initial ...


Psychometric Development Of The Research And Knowledge Scale, Lauren R. Powell, Elizabeth Ojukwu, Sharina D. Person, Jeroan J. Allison, Milagros C. Rosal, Stephenie C. Lemon 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Psychometric Development Of The Research And Knowledge Scale, Lauren R. Powell, Elizabeth Ojukwu, Sharina D. Person, Jeroan J. Allison, Milagros C. Rosal, Stephenie C. Lemon

Milagros C. Rosal

BACKGROUND: Many research participants are misinformed about research terms, procedures, and goals; however, no validated instruments exist to assess individual's comprehension of health-related research information. We propose research literacy as a concept that incorporates understanding about the purpose and nature of research.

OBJECTIVES: We developed the Research and Knowledge Scale (RaKS) to measure research literacy in a culturally, literacy-sensitive manner. We describe its development and psychometric properties.

RESEARCH DESIGN: Qualitative methods were used to assess perspectives of research participants and researchers. Literature and informed consent reviews were conducted to develop initial items. These data were used to develop initial ...


Psychometric Development Of The Research And Knowledge Scale, Lauren R. Powell, Elizabeth Ojukwu, Sharina D. Person, Jeroan J. Allison, Milagros C. Rosal, Stephenie C. Lemon 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Psychometric Development Of The Research And Knowledge Scale, Lauren R. Powell, Elizabeth Ojukwu, Sharina D. Person, Jeroan J. Allison, Milagros C. Rosal, Stephenie C. Lemon

Jeroan J. Allison

BACKGROUND: Many research participants are misinformed about research terms, procedures, and goals; however, no validated instruments exist to assess individual's comprehension of health-related research information. We propose research literacy as a concept that incorporates understanding about the purpose and nature of research.

OBJECTIVES: We developed the Research and Knowledge Scale (RaKS) to measure research literacy in a culturally, literacy-sensitive manner. We describe its development and psychometric properties.

RESEARCH DESIGN: Qualitative methods were used to assess perspectives of research participants and researchers. Literature and informed consent reviews were conducted to develop initial items. These data were used to develop initial ...


Virtual Patient Technology: Engaging Primary Care In Quality Improvement Innovations, Amanda C. Blok, Christine N. May, Rajani S. Sadasivam, Thomas K. Houston 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Virtual Patient Technology: Engaging Primary Care In Quality Improvement Innovations, Amanda C. Blok, Christine N. May, Rajani S. Sadasivam, Thomas K. Houston

Rajani S. Sadasivam

BACKGROUND: Engaging health care staff in new quality improvement programs is challenging.

OBJECTIVE: We developed 2 virtual patient (VP) avatars in the context of a clinic-level quality improvement program. We sought to determine differences in preferences for VPs and the perceived influence of interacting with the VP on clinical staff engagement with the quality improvement program.

METHODS: Using a participatory design approach, we developed an older male smoker VP and a younger female smoker VP. The older male smoker was described as a patient with cardiovascular disease and was ethnically ambiguous. The female patient was younger and was worried about ...


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