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Occupational Health and Industrial Hygiene Commons

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Students Can Be Important Link Between Academia And Practice, Jason W. Marion, Charles D. Treser 2017 Eastern Kentucky University

Students Can Be Important Link Between Academia And Practice, Jason W. Marion, Charles D. Treser

EKU Faculty and Staff Scholarship

Editor’s Note: In an effort to promote the growth of the environmental health profession and the academic programs that fuel that growth, NEHA has teamed up with the Association of Environmental Health Academic Programs (AEHAP) to publish two columns a year in the Journal. AEHAP’s mission is to support environmental health education to ensure the optimal health of people and the environment. The organization works hand in hand with the National Environmental Health Science and Protection Accreditation Council (EHAC) to accredit, market, and promote EHAC-accredited environmental health degree programs. AEHAP focuses on increasing the environmental health workforce, supporting ...


Workplace Pollution: Nuclear Safety, Ethics, And The Exploitation--Avoidance Argument, Kristin Shrader-Frechette 2017 University of New Hampshire

Workplace Pollution: Nuclear Safety, Ethics, And The Exploitation--Avoidance Argument, Kristin Shrader-Frechette

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The author reviews evidence of poor worker health and safety practices in United States Department of Energy nuclear facilities in contending that less protective standards for workplace hazards constitute an environmental injustice not rectified by a hazard pay premium.


Review Of: Joe Thornton, Pandora's Poison: Chlorine, Health, And A New Environmental Strategy, William Ronnenberg Jr. 2017 University of New Hampshire

Review Of: Joe Thornton, Pandora's Poison: Chlorine, Health, And A New Environmental Strategy, William Ronnenberg Jr.

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Review of the book Pandora's Poison: Chlorine, Health, and a New Environmental Strategy by Joe Thornton, (M.I.T. Press 2000). Appendices, notes, references, index. LC 99-057011; ISBN 0-262-20124-0 [599 pp. $34.95 cloth, Five Cambridge Center, Cambridge MA 02142-1493] .


Sexual Harassment Experience, Psychological Climate, And Sex Effect On Perception Of Safety, Kenneth C. Barker 2017 Walden University

Sexual Harassment Experience, Psychological Climate, And Sex Effect On Perception Of Safety, Kenneth C. Barker

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Sexual harassment has significant adverse psychological and physical effects on employees and can negatively impact the workplace, and overall business operations. A gap in current research was identified concerning whether the employee's sex affects employee's perceived workplace sexual harassment climate, sexual harassment experience, and perceived safety from sexual harassment. This study examined the effects of employee workplace sexual harassment experience and perception of workplace sexual harassment psychological climate on employee's perceived safety from sexual harassment moderated by sex. Results showed that perceived workplace sexual harassment climate and employee workplace sexual harassment experience were both significant predictors of ...


Implementation Science To Accelerate Clean Cooking For Public Health., Joshua Rosenthal, Kalpana Balakrishnan, Nigel Bruce, David Chambers, Jay Graham, Darby Jack, Lydia Kline, Omar Masera, Sumi Mehta, Ilse Ruiz Mercado, Gila Neta, Subhrendu Pattanayak, Elisa Puzzolo, Helen Petach, Antonello Punturieri, Adolfo Rubinstein, Michael Sage, Rachel Sturke, Anita Shankar, Kenny Sherr, Kirk Smith, Gautam Yadama 2017 George Washington University

Implementation Science To Accelerate Clean Cooking For Public Health., Joshua Rosenthal, Kalpana Balakrishnan, Nigel Bruce, David Chambers, Jay Graham, Darby Jack, Lydia Kline, Omar Masera, Sumi Mehta, Ilse Ruiz Mercado, Gila Neta, Subhrendu Pattanayak, Elisa Puzzolo, Helen Petach, Antonello Punturieri, Adolfo Rubinstein, Michael Sage, Rachel Sturke, Anita Shankar, Kenny Sherr, Kirk Smith, Gautam Yadama

Environmental and Occupational Health Faculty Publications

Clean cooking has emerged as a major concern for global health and development because of the enormous burden of disease caused by traditional cookstoves and fires. The World Health Organization has developed new indoor air quality guidelines that few homes will be able to achieve without replacing traditional methods with modern clean cooking technologies, including fuels and stoves. However, decades of experience with improved stove programs indicate that the challenge of modernizing cooking in impoverished communities includes a complex, multi-sectoral set of problems that require implementation research. The National Institutes of Health, in partnership with several government agencies and the ...


Leadership Practices That Improve The Workplace Safety Environment, NATHAN NOMORE CHIKONO 2017 Walden University

Leadership Practices That Improve The Workplace Safety Environment, Nathan Nomore Chikono

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Inadequate leadership is the reason workplace accidents in the mining industry remain high, making the industry one of the most hazardous operational activities in the world. Unsafe leadership practices may result in death or injury to workers. A group of 30 mining company leaders from 3 gold mines in Zimbabwe revealed an exception to these hazardous practices, however, notable through their outstanding safety improvement records. To better understand what these practitioners were doing, this multicase study research design explored their strategies to improve the workplace safety environment in the mines. Data were collected using audio-recorded semistructured interviews and document analyses ...


Pollution Prevention: Factors Behind Toxic Release Reduction In The U.S. Paper Industry, John P. Tiefenbacher, William D. Solecki 2016 University of New Hampshire

Pollution Prevention: Factors Behind Toxic Release Reduction In The U.S. Paper Industry, John P. Tiefenbacher, William D. Solecki

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Drs. Tiefenbacher and Solecki analyze the factors associated with, and influential in, the reduction of toxic releases in the U.S. paper industry.


A Model Of Organizational Responsiveness To Stakeholders, Caron Chess 2016 University of New Hampshire

A Model Of Organizational Responsiveness To Stakeholders, Caron Chess

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Dr. Chess explores the relationship between risk management and risk communication and its affect on an organization/stakeholder relationship.


Genetic Monitoring In The Workplace: A Tool Not A Solution, Lillian Trettin, Catherine Musham, Richard Jablonski 2016 University of New Hampshire

Genetic Monitoring In The Workplace: A Tool Not A Solution, Lillian Trettin, Catherine Musham, Richard Jablonski

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The authors differentiate between genetic monitoring and screening, and discuss the potential risks and benefits of predictive testing technologies.


Causation In Occupational Disease: Balancing Epidemiology, Law And Manufacturer Conduct, Richard M. Lynch, Mary S. Henifin 2016 University of New Hampshire

Causation In Occupational Disease: Balancing Epidemiology, Law And Manufacturer Conduct, Richard M. Lynch, Mary S. Henifin

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Drs. Lynch & Henefin examine evolution of disease causation theory and its impact on public health, as well as how these relate to the courtroom admissibility of expert opinion evidence.


Book Review Of Alla Yaroshinskaya, Chernobyl: The Forbidden Truth, John M. Gleason 2016 University of New Hampshire

Book Review Of Alla Yaroshinskaya, Chernobyl: The Forbidden Truth, John M. Gleason

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Review of the book: Alla Yaroshinskaya, Chernobyl: The Forbidden Truth (Michele Kahn & Julia Sallabank, trans. University of Nebraska Press 1995). Introduction, foreword, list of illustrations, photographs. ISBN 0-8032-4912-8. [136 pp. Cloth $25.00; Paper $10.00. 312 N. 14th Street, Lincoln NE 68588-0484.]


Use Of A Modified Greenscreen Tool To Conduct A Screening-Level Comparative Hazard Assessment Of Conventional Silver And Two Forms Of Nanosilver., Jennifer Sass, Lauren Heine, Nina Hwang 2016 George Washington University

Use Of A Modified Greenscreen Tool To Conduct A Screening-Level Comparative Hazard Assessment Of Conventional Silver And Two Forms Of Nanosilver., Jennifer Sass, Lauren Heine, Nina Hwang

Environmental and Occupational Health Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Increased concern for potential health and environmental impacts of chemicals, including nanomaterials, in consumer products is driving demand for greater transparency regarding potential risks. Chemical hazard assessment is a powerful tool to inform product design, development and procurement and has been integrated into alternative assessment frameworks. The extent to which assessment methods originally designed for conventionally-sized materials can be used for nanomaterials, which have size-dependent physical and chemical properties, have not been well established. We contracted with a certified GreenScreen profiler to conduct three GreenScreen hazard assessments, for conventional silver and two forms of nanosilver. The contractor summarized publicly ...


Use Of A Modified Greenscreen Tool To Conduct A Screening-Level Comparative Hazard Assessment Of Conventional Silver And Two Forms Of Nanosilver., Jennifer Sass, Lauren Heine, Nina Hwang 2016 George Washington University

Use Of A Modified Greenscreen Tool To Conduct A Screening-Level Comparative Hazard Assessment Of Conventional Silver And Two Forms Of Nanosilver., Jennifer Sass, Lauren Heine, Nina Hwang

Environmental and Occupational Health Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Increased concern for potential health and environmental impacts of chemicals, including nanomaterials, in consumer products is driving demand for greater transparency regarding potential risks. Chemical hazard assessment is a powerful tool to inform product design, development and procurement and has been integrated into alternative assessment frameworks. The extent to which assessment methods originally designed for conventionally-sized materials can be used for nanomaterials, which have size-dependent physical and chemical properties, have not been well established. We contracted with a certified GreenScreen profiler to conduct three GreenScreen hazard assessments, for conventional silver and two forms of nanosilver. The contractor summarized publicly ...


Regulate Pollution Or Land Use - Managing Toxic Air Contaminants In Southern California, Marc Dohan 2016 University of New Hampshire

Regulate Pollution Or Land Use - Managing Toxic Air Contaminants In Southern California, Marc Dohan

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

A California air quality management district recently proposed to limit the location of potential receivers, in contrast with sources, of air toxics. The author argues that, although this particular proposal was later abandoned, it amounted to land use regulation. He also argues that such action usurps local control and is unwarranted.


Chemokine Levels In The Penile Coronal Sulcus Correlate With Hiv-1 Acquisition And Are Reduced By Male Circumcision In Rakai, Uganda., Jessica L Prodger, Ronald H Gray, Brett Shannon, Kamnoosh Shahabi, Xiangrong Kong, Kate Grabowski, Godfrey Kigozi, Fred Nalugoda, David Serwadda, Maria J Wawer, Steven J Reynolds, Cindy M. Liu, Aaron A R Tobian, Rupert Kaul 2016 George Washington University

Chemokine Levels In The Penile Coronal Sulcus Correlate With Hiv-1 Acquisition And Are Reduced By Male Circumcision In Rakai, Uganda., Jessica L Prodger, Ronald H Gray, Brett Shannon, Kamnoosh Shahabi, Xiangrong Kong, Kate Grabowski, Godfrey Kigozi, Fred Nalugoda, David Serwadda, Maria J Wawer, Steven J Reynolds, Cindy M. Liu, Aaron A R Tobian, Rupert Kaul

Environmental and Occupational Health Faculty Publications

Individual susceptibility to HIV is heterogeneous, but the biological mechanisms explaining differences are incompletely understood. We hypothesized that penile inflammation may increase HIV susceptibility in men by recruiting permissive CD4 T cells, and that male circumcision may decrease HIV susceptibility in part by reducing genital inflammation. We used multi-array technology to measure levels of seven cytokines in coronal sulcus (penile) swabs collected longitudinally from initially uncircumcised men enrolled in a randomized trial of circumcision in Rakai, Uganda. Coronal sulcus cytokine levels were compared between men who acquired HIV and controls who remained seronegative. Cytokines were also compared within men before ...


Book Review, Gianna Julian-Arnold 2016 University of New Hampshire

Book Review, Gianna Julian-Arnold

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Review of: ANN RAPPAPORT & MARGARET FRESHER FLAHERTY, CORPORATE RESPONSES TO ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES: INITIATIVES BY MULTINATIONAL MANAGEMENT. (Quorum Books 1992) [186 pp.] Acknowledgements, bibliography, figures, foreword, index, notes, tables. LC: 91-44706; ISBN: 0-89930-715-9 [Cloth $45.00.]


Book Review, John M. Gleason 2016 University of New Hampshire

Book Review, John M. Gleason

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Review of: DADE W. MOELLER, ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH. (Harvard University Press 1992). [332 pp.] Abbreviations, credits, index, preface. LC 91-20836; ISBN 0-674-25858-4. [$39.95 cloth. 79 Garden Street; Cambridge MA 02138.]


Book Review, Scott D. Rothenberger 2016 University of New Hampshire

Book Review, Scott D. Rothenberger

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Review of: FRED BLOSSER, PRIMER ON OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH. (The Bureau of National Affairs, Inc. 1992) [374 pp.] Appendices (e.g., forms, OSHA Inspection Procedures, OSHA/EPA Memorandum of Understanding, statute), glossary, index, preface, table of cases. LC 91-43769; ISBN 0-87179-741-0. [$46.00 paper. 1250 23d Street, NW, Ste. 300B; Washington DC 20037.]


Toxics Use Reduction: Pro And Con, Francine Laden, George M. Gray 2016 University of New Hampshire

Toxics Use Reduction: Pro And Con, Francine Laden, George M. Gray

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

With the Massachusetts Toxics Use Reduction Act as an example, important issues related to the goals and effectiveness of TUR are examined. The benefits as claimed by proponents are contrasted with shortcomings outlined by opponents in point-counterpoint style. Ultimately, the authors call for more balanced analysis.


Economic Impacts Of Noxious Facilities: Incorporating The Effects Of Risk Aversion, Leslie A. Nieves 2016 University of New Hampshire

Economic Impacts Of Noxious Facilities: Incorporating The Effects Of Risk Aversion, Leslie A. Nieves

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The author suggests an integrative approach for projecting economic impacts of facilities that elicit public Risk aversion. She incorporates both economic stimulus effects and perception-based effects of facilities on the host area economy. Empirical findings are compared and an impact estimation framework is suggested for integrating psychometric and econometric techniques.


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