Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Occupational Health and Industrial Hygiene Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1108 Full-Text Articles 1324 Authors 258662 Downloads 58 Institutions

All Articles in Occupational Health and Industrial Hygiene

Faceted Search

1108 full-text articles. Page 1 of 35.

Case Study: The Importance Of The Assessment Technique In Chemical Safety Training On A College Campus, James H. Withers, Steven A. Freeman 2017 Danfoss

Case Study: The Importance Of The Assessment Technique In Chemical Safety Training On A College Campus, James H. Withers, Steven A. Freeman

Steven A. Freeman

Safety training is an integral part of every organization's overall safety program. A variety of delivery methods are used to conduct training with the most common learning outcome being performance on a written exam. The safety professional must consider numerous issues when composing a written exam, including question design and exam difficulty, to establish a meaningful passing level and to assess overall training effectiveness. A research study was undertaken to further explore issues related to question design and exam difficulty relative to a chemical safety course offered in both classroom- and computer-based formats on a college campus. The objectives ...


A Systematic Review Of Occupational Music-Induced Hearing Loss, Lilach Gez Saperstein 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

A Systematic Review Of Occupational Music-Induced Hearing Loss, Lilach Gez Saperstein

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The prevalence of noise induced hearing loss (NIHL) is a public health concern with government regulations (i.e. OHSA, NIOSH) in place to protect employees in occupational settings. Sound pressure levels (SPL) of various industries have been measured and exposure dosages monitored as per the national regulations. Previous research has demonstrated that occupational exposure to loud noise has led to audiometric evidence of NIHL. Thus, it raises the question about the impact of occupational exposure to music on hearing. For the purposes of this capstone, literature pertaining to occupational music exposure levels, and the effects on both hearing threshold levels ...


Safety And Health In On-Farm Biomass Production And Processing, Douglas H. Schlaufer, Aaron M. Yoder, Dennis J. Murphy, Charles V. Schwab, Abraham F. Dehart 2017 Pennsylvania State University

Safety And Health In On-Farm Biomass Production And Processing, Douglas H. Schlaufer, Aaron M. Yoder, Dennis J. Murphy, Charles V. Schwab, Abraham F. Dehart

Charles V. Schwab

There is significant interest in biomass production ranging from government agencies to the private sector, both inside and outside of the traditional production agricultural setting. This interest has led to an increase in the development and production of biomass crops. Much of this effort has focused on specific segments of the process, and more specifically on the mechanics of these individual segments. From a review of the scientific literature, it is seen that little effort has been put into identifying, classifying, and preventing safety hazards in on-farm biomass production systems. This article describes the current status of the knowledge pertaining ...


Assessing Rural Coalitions That Address Safety And Health Issues, Shari Burgus, Charles V. Schwab, Mack C. Shelley 2017 Farm Safety 4 Just Kids

Assessing Rural Coalitions That Address Safety And Health Issues, Shari Burgus, Charles V. Schwab, Mack C. Shelley

Charles V. Schwab

Community coalitions can help national organizations meet their objectives. Farm Safety 4 Just Kids depends on coalitions of local people to deliver farm safety and health educational programs to children and their families. These coalitions are called chapters. An evaluation was developed to identify individual coalition's strengths and weaknesses. Ten FS4JK chapter locations conducted a SWOT analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) and community focus groups to identify what strategies could be incorporated to improve each coalition's functionality. The findings will help strengthen program delivery, which will guide the national organization toward a more effective support system.


Tips For Communicating Agricultural Safety To Children, Charles V. Schwab, Laura L. Miller, Lynn M. Graham 2017 Iowa State University

Tips For Communicating Agricultural Safety To Children, Charles V. Schwab, Laura L. Miller, Lynn M. Graham

Charles V. Schwab

Effectively communicating agricultural safety messages to children requires an understanding of this audience's unique characteristics, which are dependent upon their developmental stages. This article identifies important characteristics for the 4-7 and 8-12 age groups that were used in developing educational resources for children who participate in farm safety day camps and in-school programs. Each age group has specific characteristics that can inhibit communication when they are not considered in designing content and approach of educational materials. In addition, there are three comprehensive communication issues that affect the effectiveness of transferring safety messages to children.


Pilot Evaluation Of An Internet Educational Module For Agricultural Safety, Charles V. Schwab, Steven A. Freeman 2017 Iowa State University

Pilot Evaluation Of An Internet Educational Module For Agricultural Safety, Charles V. Schwab, Steven A. Freeman

Charles V. Schwab

An important component of the safe operation of agricultural equipment is the ability to read and understand universal symbols. The Internet educational module is designed to help participants recognize these symbols. The impact of using it was evaluated using a field trial study. Assessment consisted of pre- and post-tests. Youth who had access to it averaged an improvement 29 points higher on the post-test than that of the control group. Overall, the Internet learning environment increased participants' ability to recognize universal symbols faster and more accurately. The study serves as a model for supplementing Extension programming with Web-based educational material.


Home Is Where Migrant Health Starts: Migrant Farm Worker Housing Survey In Monterey And Santa Cruz Counties, California, Daniela J. Vargas 2017 University of San Francisco

Home Is Where Migrant Health Starts: Migrant Farm Worker Housing Survey In Monterey And Santa Cruz Counties, California, Daniela J. Vargas

Master's Projects and Capstones

In the United States, farm workers are faced with many issues in regards to housing such as overcrowding, lack of available affordable housing and the quality of housing. Low wages and low socioeconomic standing affects farm workers’ ability to obtain quality housing in Monterey and Santa Cruz counties. The purpose of this project was to obtain qualitative and quantitative data regarding the barriers and housing insecurities that affect migrant farm workers in California. This would be done through a farm worker housing survey, known as the Survey for Housing Improvement in Pajaro and Salinas (SHIPS), which will be conducted on ...


Workplace Safety And Health Conditions And Facilities In Small Industries In Jeddah Saudi Arabia, Mohammad Rehan 2017 King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia

Workplace Safety And Health Conditions And Facilities In Small Industries In Jeddah Saudi Arabia, Mohammad Rehan

Dr Mohammad Rehan

A lot of attention has been paid to improving occupational safety and health (OSH) in small
scale industries all over the globe. This study describes the outcomes of a preliminary OSH
status assessment in small scale industries of motor vehicle repair workshops (MVRW) in
Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). An inspection tool composed of 10 OSH elements
and 62 items employed walk-through survey, observations and interviews. The mean positive
responses for different OSH elements surveyed were as follows; personal protective
equipment (PPEs) (43%), emergency preparedness (49%), fire protection (60%), facilities
(80%), general workshop safety (43%), housekeeping (17%), chemical exposure ...


Persistent Organic Pollutants And Mortality In The United States, Kristiann Fry, Melinda Power 2017 George Washington University

Persistent Organic Pollutants And Mortality In The United States, Kristiann Fry, Melinda Power

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Background/Objectives: Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are environmentally and biologically persistent chemicals that include polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), per- and polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and organochlorine (OC) pesticides. Currently, there is limited data on the association between exposure to POPs and the risk of mortality in the general US population. The objective of this study was to determine if higher exposure to POPs are associated with greater risk of all-cause, cancer, heart/cerebrovascular disease, or other-cause mortality in persons aged 60 years and older.

Methods: The analyses included participants aged 60 years and older from the 1999-2006 National ...


A Review Of Carbon Disulfide-Gc/Fid Versus Thermal Desorption-Gc/Ms Methods Through The Lens Of Analytical Proficiency And Human And Environmental Health Risk, Vanessa Frost Barnes 2017 Montana Tech

A Review Of Carbon Disulfide-Gc/Fid Versus Thermal Desorption-Gc/Ms Methods Through The Lens Of Analytical Proficiency And Human And Environmental Health Risk, Vanessa Frost Barnes

Graduate Theses & Non-Theses

NIOSH Method 2549 uses a hyphenated thermal desorption-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry instrumental method with thermal desorption tubes as the sample media for assessment of a variety of volatile and semi-volatile compounds. Other methods in the NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods use solvent extraction methods for analysis. Of note are those methods that require the analysis of coconut charcoal tubes using carbon disulfide extraction and subsequent analysis via gas chromatography-flame ionization detector. Presented here is a comparison of the methodologies with regard to environmental and occupational health ramifications, as well as method sensitivity as evaluated via limits of detection and compound ...


Bioaerosol Exposures From Three Utah Cattle Operations, Clark Evans 2017 Montana Tech

Bioaerosol Exposures From Three Utah Cattle Operations, Clark Evans

Graduate Theses & Non-Theses

Bioaerosol is a generic term used to describe dusts that are produced by and or contain biological material. These dusts can potentially contain the following hazardous agents; bacteria, viruses, bacterial endotoxins, and/or mycotoxins from mold spores. Respiratory inflammation, allergies, cancers, and infectious diseases can occur from exposure to a variety of bioaerosol agents. Controlling bioaerosol exposures is very complicated due to the limited amount of research available and because there are no established regulatory or authoritative exposure limits.

Three cattle operations, two beef and one Dairy, in Utah were investigated to establish exposure profiles of the full-time employees that ...


Concentration Levels Of Pm2.S And Pm 10 Paper Dust In A Book Production Facility, Blake J. Cvengros 2017 Western Kentucky University

Concentration Levels Of Pm2.S And Pm 10 Paper Dust In A Book Production Facility, Blake J. Cvengros

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Concentration levels of PM2.5 and PM10 paper dust were measured in a book production facility using a quantitative single subject study. Dust concentration data was collected in three processes of a book manufacturing facility; paper recycling, the digital pressroom and the digital bindery. Data was collected using the DustTrak DRX 8533 Aerosol Monitor, focusing on particulate sizes of PM2.5 and PM10. The data was used to determine if paper dust in the book production industry reached concentration levels that could have negative respiratory health effects on surrounding employees and to determine which process within the studied facility had ...


Occupational Noise Exposure Evaluation Of A Group Of Groundskeepers At A University Campus, Monica Elisa Garcia 2017 University of South Florida

Occupational Noise Exposure Evaluation Of A Group Of Groundskeepers At A University Campus, Monica Elisa Garcia

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Every year, twenty-two million workers are exposed to potentially damaging noise at work. Last year, U.S. businesses paid more than $1.5 million in penalties for not protecting workers from noise. (OSHA, 2016). In the United States ten million people have some kind of noise related hearing loss (CDC, 2016) and noise damage to the ear may not be detected until it is great enough to cause hearing impairment.

Grounds keeper’s functions consist of a variety of activities that require the use of powered tools such as mowers, riding mowers, leaf blowers, pressure washers, trimmers/edgers and chainsaws ...


An Exposure Assessment Of Paper Dust In A Coupon Manufacturing Facility, Danny C. Fink 2017 University of South Florida

An Exposure Assessment Of Paper Dust In A Coupon Manufacturing Facility, Danny C. Fink

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Purpose. Exposures to paper dust, classified as Particulates Not Otherwise Regulated (PNOR), in an industrial setting can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, throat and upper respiratory tract. An exposure assessment was conducted to evaluate the paper dust exposures in the coupon manufacturing facility during a normal production working period. Methods. Total and respirable personal dust sampling was performed according to NIOSH 0500 and 0600 methods. Six total dust samples and seven respirable dust samples were taken within the sampling areas where airborne paper dust was produced to evaluate the Time Weighted Average (TWA) of the exposed employees. Results. Results ...


Students Can Be Important Link Between Academia And Practice, Jason W. Marion, Charles D. Treser 2017 Eastern Kentucky University

Students Can Be Important Link Between Academia And Practice, Jason W. Marion, Charles D. Treser

EKU Faculty and Staff Scholarship

Editor’s Note: In an effort to promote the growth of the environmental health profession and the academic programs that fuel that growth, NEHA has teamed up with the Association of Environmental Health Academic Programs (AEHAP) to publish two columns a year in the Journal. AEHAP’s mission is to support environmental health education to ensure the optimal health of people and the environment. The organization works hand in hand with the National Environmental Health Science and Protection Accreditation Council (EHAC) to accredit, market, and promote EHAC-accredited environmental health degree programs. AEHAP focuses on increasing the environmental health workforce, supporting ...


Examining Firefighter Decision-Making: How Experience Influences Speed In Process And Choice, Shawn T. Bayouth, Nir Keren, Warren D. Franke, Kevin Godby 2017 Iowa State University

Examining Firefighter Decision-Making: How Experience Influences Speed In Process And Choice, Shawn T. Bayouth, Nir Keren, Warren D. Franke, Kevin Godby

Warren D Franke

The objectives of this study were to identify relationships among firefighter experience and the decision-making processes, by determining if experienced firefighters singularly review alternatives, review less alternatives, or make more expedient decisions than novice firefighters. Research results, utilizing the highest resolution computerized virtual reality (VR) system in the world, do not support the empirical evidence suggesting that experienced firefighters review and act upon their first alternative and that experienced firefighters review less information in less time.


Clinical And Mucosal Immune Correlates Of Hiv-1 Semen Levels In Antiretroviral-Naive Men., Brendan J W Osborne, Angie K Marsh, Sanja Huibner, Kamnoosh Shahabi, Cindy Liu, Tania Contente, Nico J D Nagelkerke, Colin Kovacs, Erika Benko, Lance Price, Kelly S MacDonald, Rupert Kaul 2017 George Washington University

Clinical And Mucosal Immune Correlates Of Hiv-1 Semen Levels In Antiretroviral-Naive Men., Brendan J W Osborne, Angie K Marsh, Sanja Huibner, Kamnoosh Shahabi, Cindy Liu, Tania Contente, Nico J D Nagelkerke, Colin Kovacs, Erika Benko, Lance Price, Kelly S Macdonald, Rupert Kaul

Environmental and Occupational Health Faculty Publications

Background.

This study was done to characterize parameters associated with semen human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 ribonucleic acid (RNA) viral load (VL) variability in HIV-infected, therapy-naive men. Methods.

Paired blood and semen samples were collected from 30 HIV-infected, therapy-naive men who have sex with men, and 13 participants were observed longitudinally for up to 1 year. Human immunodeficiency virus RNA, bacterial load by 16S RNA, herpesvirus (Epstein-Barr virus and cytomegalovirus [CMV]) shedding, and semen cytokines/chemokines were quantified, and semen T-cell subsets were assessed by multiparameter flow cytometry. Results.

Semen HIV RNA was detected at 93% of visits, with >50 ...


Implementation Science To Accelerate Clean Cooking For Public Health., Joshua Rosenthal, Kalpana Balakrishnan, Nigel Bruce, David Chambers, Jay Graham, Darby Jack, Lydia Kline, Omar Masera, Sumi Mehta, Ilse Ruiz Mercado, Gila Neta, Subhrendu Pattanayak, Elisa Puzzolo, Helen Petach, Antonello Punturieri, Adolfo Rubinstein, Michael Sage, Rachel Sturke, Anita Shankar, Kenny Sherr, Kirk Smith, Gautam Yadama 2017 George Washington University

Implementation Science To Accelerate Clean Cooking For Public Health., Joshua Rosenthal, Kalpana Balakrishnan, Nigel Bruce, David Chambers, Jay Graham, Darby Jack, Lydia Kline, Omar Masera, Sumi Mehta, Ilse Ruiz Mercado, Gila Neta, Subhrendu Pattanayak, Elisa Puzzolo, Helen Petach, Antonello Punturieri, Adolfo Rubinstein, Michael Sage, Rachel Sturke, Anita Shankar, Kenny Sherr, Kirk Smith, Gautam Yadama

Environmental and Occupational Health Faculty Publications

Clean cooking has emerged as a major concern for global health and development because of the enormous burden of disease caused by traditional cookstoves and fires. The World Health Organization has developed new indoor air quality guidelines that few homes will be able to achieve without replacing traditional methods with modern clean cooking technologies, including fuels and stoves. However, decades of experience with improved stove programs indicate that the challenge of modernizing cooking in impoverished communities includes a complex, multi-sectoral set of problems that require implementation research. The National Institutes of Health, in partnership with several government agencies and the ...


Internet-Based Behavior Of It Professionals: Implications For Online Ergonomic Education To Prevent Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders, Priyadarshini Pattath 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

Internet-Based Behavior Of It Professionals: Implications For Online Ergonomic Education To Prevent Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders, Priyadarshini Pattath

Theses and Dissertations

Internet-based Behavior of IT Professionals: Implications for Online Ergonomic Education to Prevent Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders

By Priyadarshini Pattath, Ph.D.

A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at Virginia Commonwealth University

Virginia Commonwealth University, 2017

Director: Dr. Robin Hurst, Assistant Professor of Adult Learning, Teaching and Learning, School of Education

The purpose of this study was to explore the preferences of medium of ergonomic education and views about self-directed online training modules to prevent musculoskeletal disorders in computer professionals and understand their perspectives and experiences about online health information seeking using ...


Leadership Practices That Improve The Workplace Safety Environment, Nathan Nomore Chikono 2017 Walden University

Leadership Practices That Improve The Workplace Safety Environment, Nathan Nomore Chikono

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Inadequate leadership is the reason workplace accidents in the mining industry remain high, making the industry one of the most hazardous operational activities in the world. Unsafe leadership practices may result in death or injury to workers. A group of 30 mining company leaders from 3 gold mines in Zimbabwe revealed an exception to these hazardous practices, however, notable through their outstanding safety improvement records. To better understand what these practitioners were doing, this multicase study research design explored their strategies to improve the workplace safety environment in the mines. Data were collected using audio-recorded semistructured interviews and document analyses ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress