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Examining Health Disparities And Childhood Obesity In Florida And Georgia, Jennifer Wesley 2018 Walden University

Examining Health Disparities And Childhood Obesity In Florida And Georgia, Jennifer Wesley

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Childhood obesity is a major issue in the United States. The rates of obesity vary among racial and ethnic groups in the U.S. South. The purpose of this quantitative cross-sectional study was to investigate significant state health disparities differences in childhood obesity in the South region between Florida and Georgia. To steer this study, the social cognitive theory was used. The associations between neighborhood safety and support, physical activity, family health and activities on body mass index were examined in this study. Data was obtained from the National Survey of Children's Health 2011-2012 on 1,688 children aged ...


Health Literacy And Self-Perceived Health Status Among Street Youth In Kumasi, Ghana, Padmore Adusei AMOAH, David Rosser PHILLIPS, Razak Mohammed GYASI, Adwoa Owusuaa KODUAH, Joseph EDUSEI 2017 Department of Sociology and Social Policy, Lingnan University

Health Literacy And Self-Perceived Health Status Among Street Youth In Kumasi, Ghana, Padmore Adusei Amoah, David Rosser Phillips, Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Adwoa Owusuaa Koduah, Joseph Edusei

Dr. AMOAH Padmore Adusei

Street youth often have poor health. A number of studies have been commissioned across contexts to appreciate and address the problem. Conspicuously missing from extant researches about street youth in relation to their health however are those relating to health literacy. This study assesses general health literacy (GHL) and its association with self-perceived health status among street youth in Kumasi, Ghana. Two hundred and ninety street youth with an average age of 18 years (±3.1) participated in the study. The majority (78%) of street youth demonstrated limited GHL. Age, education, and acknowledging the streets as home, were significantly associated ...


The Great Pacific Garbage Patch, Andrew Barnhart, Lawrence Bisong, Mckenzie Brittenham, Emma Eccher 2017 Cedarville University

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch, Andrew Barnhart, Lawrence Bisong, Mckenzie Brittenham, Emma Eccher

Introduction to Public Health Posters

Waste and where it ends up is not a common discussion topic; in fact, it is often treated as a taboo subject. However, it has become necessary to examine this topic due to the growing ecological problems caused by the collection of garbage within our oceans. The Great Pacific Garbage patch, in particular, has grown quite large, and it is now affecting the health of people. This poster explores the ramifications of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. It discusses the background of the garbage patches and the impact of the issue. It also mentions the different determinants of health that ...


Knowledge Gained From Good Agricultural Practices Courses For Iowa Growers, Angela M. Shaw, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Linda L. Naeve, Paul A. Domoto, Lester A. Wilson 2017 Iowa State University

Knowledge Gained From Good Agricultural Practices Courses For Iowa Growers, Angela M. Shaw, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Linda L. Naeve, Paul A. Domoto, Lester A. Wilson

Catherine Strohbehn

Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) educational courses provide produce growers with the fundamental information for producing and processing safe produce. To determine the effectiveness of the current 7- hour GAP course provided in Iowa, growers were surveyed before and 7-14 days after the course to determine changes in knowledge and opinions. Results show that growers positively changed their knowledge and opinions on key food safety principles and regulations, which provides evidence that Extension programming is an effective method to educate small growers. Food safety educators should focus their training on practical methods for documentation, sanitation, and facilities.


Life Expectancy At Birth In Milwaukee County: A Zip Code-Level Analysis, Erica S. LeCounte, Geoffrey R. Swain 2017 City of Milwaukee Health Department

Life Expectancy At Birth In Milwaukee County: A Zip Code-Level Analysis, Erica S. Lecounte, Geoffrey R. Swain

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Life expectancy at birth is used as a barometer of the health and well-being of a population. Life expectancies vary widely across Wisconsin counties. While much of the analysis of life expectancy in Wisconsin has focused on counties, there may be important differences in life expectancy within counties by zip code.

Methods: To calculate life expectancy, death count data and population estimates were entered into an abridged life table using the Chiang methodology. Data were linked with measures from the American Community Survey to examine the relationship between life expectancy and zip code characteristics.

Results: Life expectancy varies greatly ...


Measuring The Impact Of Patient-Engaged Research: How A Methods Workshop Identified Critical Outcomes Of Research Engagement, Ellis C. Dillon, Leah Tuzzio, Sarah Madrid, Heather Olden, Robert T. Greenlee 2017 Palo Alto Medical Foundation Research Institute

Measuring The Impact Of Patient-Engaged Research: How A Methods Workshop Identified Critical Outcomes Of Research Engagement, Ellis C. Dillon, Leah Tuzzio, Sarah Madrid, Heather Olden, Robert T. Greenlee

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: While strategies to evaluate the influence of engaging patient partners in research, such as the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) WE-ENACT surveys, are beginning to emerge, a systematic set of measures for assessing the impact of patient engagement in research (PER) on study approaches and outcomes is lacking. This article describes a workshop and process used to identify and develop Critical Outcomes of Research Engagement (COREs). It proposes preliminary measures for assessing the impact of PER on the research process and outcomes of research studies.

Methods: A group of 24 researchers and 5 patient partners participated in a PCORI-funded ...


Challenges In Delivering Refugee Health Services, Thy Vo, Fabiana Kotovicz 2017 University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Challenges In Delivering Refugee Health Services, Thy Vo, Fabiana Kotovicz

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Aurora Health Care is the major health care system providing care to refugees in Milwaukee, where half of Wisconsin’s refugee population resides. Like many other institutions caring for refugee patients, Aurora faces significant challenges when trying to address refugee health needs. Even with the assistance of medical interpreters, cultural differences, language barriers and limited patient health literacy, as well as lack of knowledge of refugee patients’ backgrounds, are major obstacles encountered by health care providers in this setting.

Purpose: This quality improvement study aims to assess Aurora providers’ perceptions of the benefits and barriers to working with refugee ...


Six-Year Experience Of Influenza Vaccination As A Condition Of Employment For A Large Regional Health Care System, John R. Brill, Mark Hermanoff, Angela Tonozzi, Mary Jo Capodice, Jennifer Farrar, Zarina Dawoodbhai 2017 Population Health, Aurora Health Care

Six-Year Experience Of Influenza Vaccination As A Condition Of Employment For A Large Regional Health Care System, John R. Brill, Mark Hermanoff, Angela Tonozzi, Mary Jo Capodice, Jennifer Farrar, Zarina Dawoodbhai

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Influenza remains a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality in the United States. Health care workers (HCW) can be both victims and vectors of influenza. Influenza vaccination of HCW is protective for both caregivers and patients, but voluntary programs generally fail to achieve rates recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Despite a complex, multifaceted influenza program initiated in 1996 that included significant education and promotion as well as free on-site vaccination, annual Aurora Health Care caregiver immunization rates remained in the mid-70s until adoption of a “condition of employment” strategy in 2011.

Purpose: Discuss the annual ...


Positive Impact On Patient Satisfaction And Caregiver Identification Using Team Facecards: A Quality Improvement Study, Nicole M. Martin, Khalil Odeh, Lamya Boujelbane, Marvi V. Rijhwani, Susan Olet, Aijaz Noor, Colleen Nichols, Richard Battiola 2017 Department of Internal Medicine, Aurora Sinai Medical Center

Positive Impact On Patient Satisfaction And Caregiver Identification Using Team Facecards: A Quality Improvement Study, Nicole M. Martin, Khalil Odeh, Lamya Boujelbane, Marvi V. Rijhwani, Susan Olet, Aijaz Noor, Colleen Nichols, Richard Battiola

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Patients satisfaction is an increasingly important metric in measuring the quality of care that hospitals and physicians provide. It can be difficult for patients to remember their providers and their roles, all of which may potentially impact a patient’s overall satisfaction.

Purpose: To see if giving facecards with pictures and names of caregivers and description of roles improved patient satisfaction and identification of care team members.

Methods: Team facecards were designed and distributed to the patients during the interventional period of the study. Patients’ identification of team members, the role of each physician and overall satisfaction was measured ...


The Lifestyle Initiative: An Innovative Coaching-Based Quality Improvement Study To Improve The Health Of Aurora Health Care Caregivers And Family Members, Tiffany A. Mullen, Jessica J.F. Kram, Dennis J. Baumgardner 2017 Department of Integrative Medicine, Aurora Sinai Medical Center

The Lifestyle Initiative: An Innovative Coaching-Based Quality Improvement Study To Improve The Health Of Aurora Health Care Caregivers And Family Members, Tiffany A. Mullen, Jessica J.F. Kram, Dennis J. Baumgardner

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Self-management support has been shown to improve clinical outcomes. Health coaching, one form of self-management support, empowers patients within the health care system by providing information and through collaboratively developed care plans.

Purpose: Assess the impact of The Lifestyle Initiative, a coaching-based health program utilized by Aurora Health Care caregivers or family members.

Methods: The Lifestyle Initiative is a coaching-based approach for Aurora caregivers or family members enrolled in Aurora’s health insurance network. Individuals were recruited from the care management database, and all participants had an Aurora primary care provider. Participation was limited to those ≥ 18 years of ...


Climate Change And Resulting Floods: Using Social Capital To Strengthen Community Resilience In Eastwick, Philadelphia A Known Floodplain, Natasha Bagwe, MD, MPH, Richard Pepino, PhD, MSS, Erin Johnson, MPH, MSN, RN, Julie Becker, PhD, MPH 2017 Jefferson College of Population Health, Thomas Jefferson University

Climate Change And Resulting Floods: Using Social Capital To Strengthen Community Resilience In Eastwick, Philadelphia A Known Floodplain, Natasha Bagwe, Md, Mph, Richard Pepino, Phd, Mss, Erin Johnson, Mph, Msn, Rn, Julie Becker, Phd, Mph

Jefferson College of Population Health Posters

• Climate change will produce intense weather events like increased precipitation and flooding

• Based on climate projections, Philadelphia will be hotter and wetter, and will experience more frequent and intense weather events (OOS, 2016)

•Floods are the second most common hazards in our city (OEM, 2017)

• Vulnerable population such as children, people of color, elderly population and people with disability are severely impacted by climate change

Poster presented at AHPA conference in Atlanta Georgia, United States.


First Aid Intervention In The Adult Population: Yorkshire Health Study And Its Implications For First Aid Education, Eleanor Holding, Clare Relton, Katharine Roberts, Emily Oliver 2017 University of Sheffield

First Aid Intervention In The Adult Population: Yorkshire Health Study And Its Implications For First Aid Education, Eleanor Holding, Clare Relton, Katharine Roberts, Emily Oliver

International Journal of First Aid Education

Background: First aid can reduce death, injury and suffering, but little is known about the characteristics of those who actually give and receive it. The aim of this study was to conduct a first aid behavior survey of a large adult population in the United Kingdom.

Methods: A survey (web and postal) of adults was conducted between 2013 and 2015 as part of the Yorkshire Health Study. Two questions were asked about their first aid behavior: whether participants had administered first aid and if yes, their relationship to the first aid recipient.

Results: Of the 13,584 adults who responded ...


Utilizing The School Health Index To Foster University And Community Engagement., Kristi McClary King 2017 University of Louisville

Utilizing The School Health Index To Foster University And Community Engagement., Kristi Mcclary King

Kristi King

A Coordinated School Health Program maximizes a school’s positive interaction among health education, physical education, health services, nutrition services, counseling/psychological/social services, health school environment, health promotion for staff, and family and community involvement. The purpose of this semester project is for undergraduate health education students to (1) explain the Coordinated School Health Program, (2) assess local schools’ health programs and policies using the School Health Index, (3) develop a School Health Improvement Plan, and (4) present their findings and recommendations for improving their schools’ physical activity, nutrition, tobacco prevention, asthma, and safety policies and programs.


When Should A First-Aid Provider Stop Cpr: Answer From The American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council, Stamatios Lerakis, Wendell Jones, Richard N. Bradley 2017 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

When Should A First-Aid Provider Stop Cpr: Answer From The American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council, Stamatios Lerakis, Wendell Jones, Richard N. Bradley

Richard N Bradley

No abstract provided.


Using Photovoice In Pete Programs To Initiate Positive Change, Gavin T. Colquitt, Jody Langdon, Tony A. Pritchard, Starla McCollum 2017 Georgia Southern University

Using Photovoice In Pete Programs To Initiate Positive Change, Gavin T. Colquitt, Jody Langdon, Tony A. Pritchard, Starla Mccollum

Gavin T. Colquitt

The purpose of this presentation will be to provide teacher educators with an overview of the Photovoice methodology and its potential utility in curricular change. The National Association for Sport and Physical Education’s ([NASPE], 2008) PETE standards state educators should allow diversity to drive instructional related decision-making. Photovoice, a participatory action research methodology, is a tool teacher educators can use to be responsive to the continuously changing contexts of public schools.


Tailoring A Physical Activity Promotion Program For A Rural Area, Gavin Colquitt, Moya L. Alfonso, Ashley Walker, Vanessa Dunmore 2017 Georgia Southern University

Tailoring A Physical Activity Promotion Program For A Rural Area, Gavin Colquitt, Moya L. Alfonso, Ashley Walker, Vanessa Dunmore

Gavin T. Colquitt

Background/Purpose: VERBTM Summer Scorecard (VSS) has used social marketing to successfully promote physical activity for urban and suburban youth. The purpose of this study was to adapt the program to meet the needs of a minority, rural population. Method: Qualitative marketing research methods including focus groups were used to gather data from parents (N = 12) and their children (N =12) in April 2012. A structured, open-ended focus group guide was developed specific to parents and youth and based on the social marketing framework. Marketing topics covered included Product, Price, Place and Promotion. Attention was given to testing two previously ...


“It All Goes Back To The Services”: A Rural/Urban Comparison Of Service Providers’ Perceptions Of Challenges And Facilitators To Disability Services, Moya L. Alfonso, Ashley D. Walker, Akrati Gupta, Joseph Telfair, Gavin T. Colquitt 2017 Georgia Southern University

“It All Goes Back To The Services”: A Rural/Urban Comparison Of Service Providers’ Perceptions Of Challenges And Facilitators To Disability Services, Moya L. Alfonso, Ashley D. Walker, Akrati Gupta, Joseph Telfair, Gavin T. Colquitt

Gavin T. Colquitt

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore rural/urban differences in service providers’ perceptions of challenges and facilitators to services for children with special health care needs (CSHN) and their families in southeast Georgia. Methodology: A total of 23 individual interviews were conducted with service providers in one rural county in southeast Georgia (N = 12) and in one urban county in north central Georgia (N = 11). Interviews were based on the National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs 2009-2010 survey. All interviews were audio recorded, transcribed and coded with the intent of identifying themes and illustrative ...


Urban Versus Rural Differences In Insurance Coverage And Impact On Employment Among Families Caring For A Child With Cerebral Palsy, Braydon Schaible, Gavin Colquitt, Li Li, Manuela Caciula, Noelle G. Moreau 2017 Georgia Southern University

Urban Versus Rural Differences In Insurance Coverage And Impact On Employment Among Families Caring For A Child With Cerebral Palsy, Braydon Schaible, Gavin Colquitt, Li Li, Manuela Caciula, Noelle G. Moreau

Gavin T. Colquitt

Background: The purpose of this study was to examine urban vs. rural differences on the relationship between family contextual variables and adequacy of insurance coverage and impact on employment for among families with a child with Cerebral Palsy from a nationally representative sample.

Methods: A retrospective, observational study was carried out using data from the National Survey of Children with Special Healthcare Needs.

Results: A total of 744 participants reported as having a child with a diagnosis of Cerebral Palsy and were included in the sample. Logistic regression analyses, adjusting for urban and rural setting revealed different predictors of adequacy ...


Adapting A Physical Activity Intervention For Youth In A Rural Area: A Case Study, Moya L. Alfonso, Gavin T. Colquitt, Ashley D. Walker, Akrati Gupta 2017 Georgia Southern Universtiy

Adapting A Physical Activity Intervention For Youth In A Rural Area: A Case Study, Moya L. Alfonso, Gavin T. Colquitt, Ashley D. Walker, Akrati Gupta

Gavin T. Colquitt

Background: Physical activity offers children and youth many well-documented positive effects on health. The present study adapted a community-based prevention marketing campaign (CBPM), VERBTM Summer Scorecard (VSS) to promote physical activity among minority youth in rural, southeast Georgia. The purpose of this paper is to describe the adaptation process, emphasizing methods used and lessons learned. Methods: A qualitative study design was used to identify social marketing concepts that informed program adaptation, including two focus groups with 12 children and two focus groups with 14 parents. Qualitative thematic data analysis was used to analyze formative research. The adapted program was implemented ...


Ending The Silence On Mental Illness, Anna L. Tamulonis 2017 Purdue University

Ending The Silence On Mental Illness, Anna L. Tamulonis

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

NAMI on Campus at Purdue University is a collegiate branch of the national, grassroots organization called the National Alliance on Mental Illness. As an effort to address the growing need for mental health education, our organization piloted Indiana’s first Ending the Silence program. It is an educational outreach program focused on teaching local junior high and high school students about mental health through an informative and interactive curriculum. There are five volunteers, myself included, who providd this presentation to the local community. The lead presenters share 30 minutes' worth of mental health information, including warning signs of a mental ...


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