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The Fight Against Breast Cancer: A Policy And Programmatic Approach, Nandi Robinson 2017 The University of San Francisco

The Fight Against Breast Cancer: A Policy And Programmatic Approach, Nandi Robinson

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Breast cancer continues to remain a significant health issue for women. Previously thought to only occur among postmenopausal women, breast cancer has impacted women of different ages; and rates of breast cancer have various impacts among different ethnic groups. For women living in a toxic environment, many of them have become the new wave of breast cancer cases. Screening and detection have succeeded in decreasing mortality rates. However, more research is needed in finding an efficient method of treatment. In the effort to assist in the fight against breast cancer through a policy and programmatic angle, I am fulfilling ...


Added Sugar Consumption Among College Students, Maram Murad 2017 University of the Incarnate Word

Added Sugar Consumption Among College Students, Maram Murad

Theses & Dissertations

Added sugar consumption has been increasing in all age groups in the United States and worldwide, with the greatest increase in young adults. College-age years are a critical period in the young adult's life where many habits develop, including nutrition and food choices. An understanding of college-age students’ attitudes and behaviors toward added sugar consumption might help predict added sugar consumption within this population. This was a quantitative study of traditional-aged college students' added sugar consumption through a convenience sample at a private university in San Antonio, TX. A survey was administrated to undergraduate students at different classes. Subjects ...


Choices: A Family-Based Childhood Obesity Intervention For Low Income Minority Children, Cynthia Williams Brown, Claudia Warren, Marian Booker 2017 Winston-Salem State University

Choices: A Family-Based Childhood Obesity Intervention For Low Income Minority Children, Cynthia Williams Brown, Claudia Warren, Marian Booker

Cynthia A. Williams

Low-income children are at increased risk for obesity (Kumanyika & Grier, 2006) with the rate of obesity among minority children being more than double that of white children (Ogden, 2010). Many interventions fail to understand and take into consideration the unique environmental factors that influence behaviors in low-income minority children (Kumanyika & Grier, 2006). The proposed program, Childhood Health and Obesity Initiative: Communities Empowered for Success (CHOICES) is an obesity prevention intervention implemented in a summer camp setting targeting 10-12 year-old children from low income families. The long-term goal of the project is to reduce the prevalence of childhood obesity for minority ...


Navigating To Health: Evaluation Of A Community Health Center Patient Navigation Program, Monica L. Wang, Leah Gallivan, Stephenie C. Lemon, Amy Borg, Jose Ramirez, Brenda Figueroa, Antonia McGuire, Milagros C. Rosal 2017 Boston University School of Public Health

Navigating To Health: Evaluation Of A Community Health Center Patient Navigation Program, Monica L. Wang, Leah Gallivan, Stephenie C. Lemon, Amy Borg, Jose Ramirez, Brenda Figueroa, Antonia Mcguire, Milagros C. Rosal

Milagros C. Rosal

Patient Navigators are trained, lay health care workers who guide patients in overcoming barriers to health care access and utilization. Little evidence exists regarding reach and impact of Patient Navigators for chronic disease management. This study evaluated a Patient Navigator program aimed at optimizing health care utilization among ethnically diverse patients with diabetes and/or hypertension at a community health center (CHC). Trained Patient Navigators contacted eligible patients who had not seen a primary care provider (PCP) for > /= 6 months. Outcomes included number of patients reached by Patient Navigators and seen by PCPs after Patient Navigator contact. Distributions and frequencies ...


The Impact Of African American Male Incarceration Rates On The Racial Disparities In Hiv/Aids Rates, Michelle S. Aelion 2017 DePaul University

The Impact Of African American Male Incarceration Rates On The Racial Disparities In Hiv/Aids Rates, Michelle S. Aelion

DePaul Discoveries

In the United States, HIV/AIDS disproportionately impacts African Americans and African American communities. The nature of this national health disparity is complex and cannot be explained simply by one factor or an individual’s behavior within a given community. This paper suggests that the disparity in African American male incarceration rates is among the most important factors to consider in the racial disparities of HIV/AIDS rates. Existing studies on relevant subjects were examined and used to create a conceptual model of factors. This model presents an outline of factors during pre-incarceration, incarceration, and post-incarceration that contribute to the ...


Reduced Nicotine Content Cigarettes In Smokers Of Low Socioeconomic Status: Study Protocol For A Randomized Control Trial., Nicolle M Krebs, Sophia I Allen, Susan Veldheer, Diane J Martinez, Kimberly Horn, Craig Livelsberger, Jennifer Modesto, Robin Kuprewicz, Ashley Wilhelm, Shari Hrabovsky, Abid Kazi, Alyse Fazzi, Jason Liao, Junjia Zhu, Emily Wasserman, Samantha M Reilly, Lisa Reinhart, Neil Trushin, Robinn E Moyer, Rebecca Bascom, Jonathan Foulds, John P Richie, Joshua E Muscat 2017 George Washington University

Reduced Nicotine Content Cigarettes In Smokers Of Low Socioeconomic Status: Study Protocol For A Randomized Control Trial., Nicolle M Krebs, Sophia I Allen, Susan Veldheer, Diane J Martinez, Kimberly Horn, Craig Livelsberger, Jennifer Modesto, Robin Kuprewicz, Ashley Wilhelm, Shari Hrabovsky, Abid Kazi, Alyse Fazzi, Jason Liao, Junjia Zhu, Emily Wasserman, Samantha M Reilly, Lisa Reinhart, Neil Trushin, Robinn E Moyer, Rebecca Bascom, Jonathan Foulds, John P Richie, Joshua E Muscat

Prevention and Community Health Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND:

The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act gave the Food and Drug Administration jurisdiction over the regulation of all tobacco products, including their nicotine content. Under this act, a major strategy to reduce harm from cigarette tobacco is lowering the nicotine content without causing unintended adverse consequences. Initial research on reduced nicotine content (RNC) cigarettes has shown that smokers of these cigarettes gradually decrease their smoking frequency and biomarkers of exposure. The effectiveness of this strategy needs to be demonstrated in different populations whose response to RNC cigarettes might be substantially mediated by personal or environmental factors, such ...


The Public Health Harms Of Pornography: The Brain, Erectile Dysfunction, And Sexual Violence, John D. Foubert 2017 Oklahoma State University

The Public Health Harms Of Pornography: The Brain, Erectile Dysfunction, And Sexual Violence, John D. Foubert

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Using Sensewear Armband And Diet Journal To Promote Adolescents' Energy Balance Knowledge And Motivation, Senlin Chen, Xihe Zhu, Gregory J. Welk, Youngwon Kim, Jungmin Lee, Nathan F. Meier 2017 Old Dominion University

Using Sensewear Armband And Diet Journal To Promote Adolescents' Energy Balance Knowledge And Motivation, Senlin Chen, Xihe Zhu, Gregory J. Welk, Youngwon Kim, Jungmin Lee, Nathan F. Meier

Senlin Chen

Purpose: Educating adolescents about energy balance (EB) is essential for effective weight control. This study utilized the Sensewear (SWA) armband and a diet journal to promote adolescents' EB knowledge and motivation.

Methods: Ninety sixth graders were randomly assigned into the experimental group (n = 46) who utilized SWA and diet journal for 7 consecutive days or the control group (n = 44) who did not. Both groups were pre-and post-measured on EB knowledge, situational interest, and weight. The experimental group was tracked on motivation effort, energy expenditure (EE), and energy intake (EI).

Results: EB knowledge significantly increased and situational interest remained stable ...


Shared Decision Making In Australia In 2017, Lyndal Trevena, Heather L. Shepherd, Carissa Bonner, Jesse Jansen, Anne E. Cust, Julie Leask, Narelle Shadbolt, Chris del Mar, Kirsten McCaffery, Tammy C. Hoffmann 2017 University of Sydney

Shared Decision Making In Australia In 2017, Lyndal Trevena, Heather L. Shepherd, Carissa Bonner, Jesse Jansen, Anne E. Cust, Julie Leask, Narelle Shadbolt, Chris Del Mar, Kirsten Mccaffery, Tammy C. Hoffmann

Tammy Hoffmann

Shared Decision Making (SDM) is now firmly established within national clinical standards for accrediting hospitals, day procedure services, public dental services and medical education in Australia, with plans to align general practice, aged care and disability service. Implementation of these standards and training of health professionals is a key challenge for the Australian health sector at this time. Consumer involvement in health research, policy and clinical service governance has also increased, with a major focus on encouraging patients to ask questions during their clinical care. Tools to support shared decision making are increasingly used but there is a need for ...


Group Participants' Experiences Of A Patient-Directed Group-Based Education Program For The Management Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Kate Odgers-Jewell, Elisabeth A Isenring, Rae Thomas, Dianne P Reidlinger 2017 Bond University

Group Participants' Experiences Of A Patient-Directed Group-Based Education Program For The Management Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Kate Odgers-Jewell, Elisabeth A Isenring, Rae Thomas, Dianne P Reidlinger

Rae Thomas

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the experiences of individuals who participated in a group-based education program, including their motivators in relation to their diabetes management, and the perceived impact of group interactions on participants' experiences and motivation for self-management. Understanding individuals diagnosed with diabetes experiences of group-based education for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus may guide the development and facilitation of these programs. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with all individuals who participated in the intervention. Using thematic analysis underpinned by self-determination theory, we developed themes that explored participants' motivators in relation to diabetes ...


Group Participants' Experiences Of A Patient-Directed Group-Based Education Program For The Management Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Kate Odgers-Jewell, Elisabeth A Isenring, Rae Thomas, Dianne P Reidlinger 2017 Bond University

Group Participants' Experiences Of A Patient-Directed Group-Based Education Program For The Management Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Kate Odgers-Jewell, Elisabeth A Isenring, Rae Thomas, Dianne P Reidlinger

Liz Isenring

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the experiences of individuals who participated in a group-based education program, including their motivators in relation to their diabetes management, and the perceived impact of group interactions on participants' experiences and motivation for self-management. Understanding individuals diagnosed with diabetes experiences of group-based education for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus may guide the development and facilitation of these programs. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with all individuals who participated in the intervention. Using thematic analysis underpinned by self-determination theory, we developed themes that explored participants' motivators in relation to diabetes ...


Retention In Health: Improving Hiv Retention Within The Sf Community Health Network, Miguel A. Ibarra 2017 University of San Francisco

Retention In Health: Improving Hiv Retention Within The Sf Community Health Network, Miguel A. Ibarra

Master's Projects and Capstones

Previous work on HIV retention improvement has focused on improving access to care for communities who are either at-risk of falling out of care or who have difficulty engaging in medical care for the first time due to socio-cultural barriers. The San Francisco Department of Public Health (SFDPH), with the support of Project PRIDE, a CDC three-year demonstration project geared towards supporting health departments in implementing public health strategies to reduce new HIV infections within the men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender communities, is seeking to improve HIV patient retention throughout the San Francisco Community Health Network ...


Research To Action: A Campus-Community Partnership To Address Health Issues Of The Food Insecure, Kimberly A. Greder, Steven Garasky, Susan Klein 2017 Iowa State University

Research To Action: A Campus-Community Partnership To Address Health Issues Of The Food Insecure, Kimberly A. Greder, Steven Garasky, Susan Klein

Kimberly A. Greder

A university-community partnership assessed the food security and health status of food pantry participants in a midwestern urban community. Eighty percent of households surveyed were food insecure, and 40% experienced fair or poor health. The sample experienced higher rates of chronic disease than the general population. A nutrition education program designed to meet specific nutrition and health-related needs of pantry participants was developed. Implications include training pantry staff about chronic disease and its relationship to nutrition, identifying pantry foods that provide positive health benefits, and developing consumer publications focused on selecting and preparing pantry foods when one has chronic disease.


Letter From The Editors, Jeffrey L. Pellegrino, Emily Oliver, Don Marentette 2017 Aultman College of Nursing & Health Sciences

Letter From The Editors, Jeffrey L. Pellegrino, Emily Oliver, Don Marentette

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Wâhkôhtowin: The Governance Of Good Community–Academic Research Relationships To Improve The Health And Well-Being Of Children In Alexander First Nation, Rebecca J. Gokiert, Noreen D. Willows, Rebecca Georgis, Heather Stringer, * Alexander Research Committee 2017 University of Alberta

Wâhkôhtowin: The Governance Of Good Community–Academic Research Relationships To Improve The Health And Well-Being Of Children In Alexander First Nation, Rebecca J. Gokiert, Noreen D. Willows, Rebecca Georgis, Heather Stringer, * Alexander Research Committee

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is a promising decolonizing approach to health and social sciences research with First Nation Peoples. In CBPR, the use of a community advisory committee can act as an anchoring site for trusting reciprocal relationships, collaborative decision-making, and co-learning and co-creation. Through a qualitative case study, this article illustrates the collective experiences of a well-established, multidisciplinary, and intersectoral committee that reviews, monitors, and guides multiple research projects in a First Nation community in Canada. Participants of the Alexander Research Committee (ARC) share examples of the value of fostering a high level of commitment to building both positive ...


Response: Population Health Approaches To First Aid Training-- A Critical Need, Georges C. Benjamin 2017 American Public Health Association

Response: Population Health Approaches To First Aid Training-- A Critical Need, Georges C. Benjamin

International Journal of First Aid Education

NA


Response: Do We Believe In Fairy Tales?, Wiebe de Vries 2017 ACM Education

Response: Do We Believe In Fairy Tales?, Wiebe De Vries

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Response To “A Call For Revolution In First Aid Education”, Dr. Paul Ho 2017 Hong Kong College of Emergency Medicine

Response To “A Call For Revolution In First Aid Education”, Dr. Paul Ho

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


A Call For Revolution In First Aid Education, Jeffrey L. Pellegrino, Emily Oliver, Aaron Orkin, Don Marentette, Paul Snobelen, Joanna Muise, Joe Mulligan, Emmy De Buck 2017 Aultman College of Nursing and Health Sciences

A Call For Revolution In First Aid Education, Jeffrey L. Pellegrino, Emily Oliver, Aaron Orkin, Don Marentette, Paul Snobelen, Joanna Muise, Joe Mulligan, Emmy De Buck

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Tips For Communicating Agricultural Safety To Children, Charles V. Schwab, Laura L. Miller, Lynn M. Graham 2017 Iowa State University

Tips For Communicating Agricultural Safety To Children, Charles V. Schwab, Laura L. Miller, Lynn M. Graham

Charles V. Schwab

Effectively communicating agricultural safety messages to children requires an understanding of this audience's unique characteristics, which are dependent upon their developmental stages. This article identifies important characteristics for the 4-7 and 8-12 age groups that were used in developing educational resources for children who participate in farm safety day camps and in-school programs. Each age group has specific characteristics that can inhibit communication when they are not considered in designing content and approach of educational materials. In addition, there are three comprehensive communication issues that affect the effectiveness of transferring safety messages to children.


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