Predictors Of Patient Activation At Acs Hospital Discharge And Health Care Utilization In The Subsequent Year, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Predictors Of Patient Activation At Acs Hospital Discharge And Health Care Utilization In The Subsequent Year, Rebecca L. Kinney
GSBS Dissertations and Theses
Background. AHA guidelines have been established to reduce Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS)-related morbidity, mortality and recurrent events post-discharge. These recommendations emphasize the patient as an engaged member of the health care team in secondary prevention efforts. Patients with high levels of activation are more likely to perform activities that will promote their own health and are more likely to have their health care needs met. Despite evidence and strong expert consensus supporting patients as active collaborators in their own ACS care, the complexity and unexpected realities of self-managing one’s care at home are often underestimated. This study seeks ...
Knowledge And Risk Factors For Stroke Among Undergraduates In Southwestern Nigeria, 2018 University of Medical Sciences Ondo Nigeria
Knowledge And Risk Factors For Stroke Among Undergraduates In Southwestern Nigeria, Wasiu Olalekan Adebimpe
Marshall Journal of Medicine
The burden of non-communicable diseases due to stroke is increasing. Despite this, community based studies that could stimulate stroke primordial prevention among the population at risk are sparse. This study assessed community knowledge and risk factors to stroke among University undergraduates in Osogbo, southwestern Nigeria. A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted among 420 male undergraduates selected through multi-stage sampling method. Research instruments were self-administered semi structured questionnaire. Data was analyzed using the SPSS software version 17.0. Four hundred and seven (96.9%) have heard about stroke. Good mean knowledge score of causes, symptoms, warning signs and risk factors ...
Racial Disparity Among Women Diagnosed With Invasive Breast Cancer In A Large Integrated Health System, 2018 Aurora Research Institute, Aurora Health Care
Racial Disparity Among Women Diagnosed With Invasive Breast Cancer In A Large Integrated Health System, Maharaj Singh, Santhi D. Konduri, George C. Bobustuc, Amin B. Kassam, Richard A. Rovin
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
Purpose: Reasons for the well-described disparity in outcomes between African American (AA) and non-Hispanic white (NHW) women with invasive breast cancer are unclear, making it difficult to identify solutions. This study examined the effects of demographics, biomarkers, tumor characteristics, cancer stage, morphology, and treatment variables on overall and cancer-free survival in these patient populations.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed data for 6231 patients diagnosed with invasive breast cancer throughout an integrated health system from January 2006 through March 2015. Included for analysis were 5023 NHW and 413 AA women. All category and continuous variables in the study were described in the ...
Improving Health And Well-Being: Connecting Research And Practice. The 24th Annual Conference Of The Health Care Systems Research Network, Karen L. Margolis, Nico Pronk, Jane E. Duncan, Sarah M. Greene
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
The 24th annual conference of the Health Care Systems Research Network (HCSRN, formerly the HMO Research Network), held April 11–13, 2018, in Minneapolis, Minnesota, attracted 357 attendees. The HCSRN is a consortium of 18 community-based research organizations embedded in or affiliated with large health care delivery systems. Its annual research conference, held since 1994, is a unique venue that brings diverse stakeholders (eg, research teams, clinicians, patients, funders) together to explore a range of health research topics and scientific findings, with a unifying goal of connecting applied research to real-world care delivery for the betterment of individual and community ...
Pre-Diagnosis Plasma Immune Markers And Risk Of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma In Two Prospective Cohort Studies, 2018 University of Massachusetts
Pre-Diagnosis Plasma Immune Markers And Risk Of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma In Two Prospective Cohort Studies, Mara M. Epstein, Bernard Rosner, Elizabeth C. Breen, Julie L. Batista, Edward L. Giovannucci, Larry Magpantay, Jon C. Aster, Scott J. Rodig, Kimberly A. Bertrand, Francine Laden, Otoniel Martinez-Maza, Brenda M. Birmann
Open Access Articles
Inflammation and B-cell hyperactivation have been associated with non-Hodgkin lymphoma development. This prospective analysis aimed to further elucidate pre-diagnosis plasma immune marker profiles associated with non-Hodgkin lymphoma risk. We identified 598 incident lymphoma cases and 601 matched controls in Nurses' Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-up Study participants with archived pre-diagnosis plasma samples and measured 13 immune marker levels with multiplexed immunoassays. Using multivariable logistic regression we calculated odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals per standard deviation unit increase in biomarker concentration for risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and major histologic subtype, stratifying additional models by years ( < 5, 5 to < 10, > /=10) after blood draw ...
Efficacy And Safety Of Direct Oral Anticoagulants Approved For Cardiovascular Indications: Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Efficacy And Safety Of Direct Oral Anticoagulants Approved For Cardiovascular Indications: Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Raghavendra Charan Makam, David C. Hoaglin, David D. Mcmanus, Victoria Wang, Joel M. Gore, Frederick A. Spencer, Richeek Pradhan, Hoang Tran, Hong Yu, Robert J. Goldberg
Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations
BACKGROUND: Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have emerged as promising alternatives to vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) for patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) or venous thromboembolism (VTE). Few meta-analyses have included all DOACs that have received FDA approval for these cardiovascular indications, and their overall comparisons against VKAs have shortcomings in data and methods. We provide an updated overall assessment of the efficacy and safety of those DOACs at dosages currently approved for NVAF or VTE, in comparison with VKAs.
METHODS: We used data from Phase 3 randomized trials that compared an FDA-approved DOAC with VKA for primary prevention of stroke ...
The Role Of Race And Economic Characteristics In The Presentation And Survival Of Patients With Surgically Resected Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
The Role Of Race And Economic Characteristics In The Presentation And Survival Of Patients With Surgically Resected Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, John M. Varlotto, Kerrie Mckie, Rickie P. Voland, John C. Flickinger, Malcolm M. Decamp, Debra Maddox, Paul Rava, Thomas J. Fitzgerald, William Walsh, Paulo Oliveira, Negar Rassaei, Jennifer Baima, Karl Uy
Open Access Articles
Background: Little is understood regarding the inter-relation between economic, marital, and racial/ethnic differences in presentation and survival of surgically resected lung cancer patients. Our investigation will assess these differences in addition to known therapeutic, patient, and histopathologic factors.
Methods: A retrospective review of the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Reporting database was conducted through the years 2007-2012. The population was split into nine different ethnic groups. Population differences were assessed via chi-square testing. Multivariable analysis (MVA) were used to detect overall survival (OS) differences in the total surgical population (TS, N = 35,689) in an ear (T1-T2 < 4 cm N0) surgical population [early-stage resectable (ESR), N = 17,931]. Lung cancer-specific survival (LCSS) was assessed in the ESR.
Results: In the ...
Aggressive Diuresis And Severity-Adjusted Length Of Hospital Stay In Acute Congestive Heart Failure Patients., Muhammad U. Butt M.D.
Muhammad Umer Butt M.D., MSCRD
Lifetime Risk Of Atrial Fibrillation According To Optimal, Borderline, Or Elevated Levels Of Risk Factors: Cohort Study Based On Longitudinal Data From The Framingham Heart Study, 2018 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
Lifetime Risk Of Atrial Fibrillation According To Optimal, Borderline, Or Elevated Levels Of Risk Factors: Cohort Study Based On Longitudinal Data From The Framingham Heart Study, Laila Staerk, Biqi Wang, Sarah R. Preis, Martin G. Larson, Steven A. Lubitz, Patrick T. Ellinor, David D. Mcmanus, Darae Ko, Lu-Chen Weng, Kathryn L. Lunetta, Lars Frost, Emelia J. Benjamin, Ludovic Trinquart
Open Access Articles
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between risk factor burdens-categorized as optimal, borderline, or elevated-and the lifetime risk of atrial fibrillation.
DESIGN: Community based cohort study.
SETTING: Longitudinal data from the Framingham Heart Study.
PARTICIPANTS: Individuals free of atrial fibrillation at index ages 55, 65, and 75 years were assessed. Smoking, alcohol consumption, body mass index, blood pressure, diabetes, and history of heart failure or myocardial infarction were assessed as being optimal (that is, all risk factors were optimal), borderline (presence of borderline risk factors and absence of any elevated risk factor), or elevated (presence of at least one elevated risk ...
Under One Roof: Identification, Evaluation, And Treatment Of Chronic Hepatitis C In Addiction Care, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Under One Roof: Identification, Evaluation, And Treatment Of Chronic Hepatitis C In Addiction Care, Stephen A. Martin, Jordon Bosse, Amanda Wilson, Phyllis Losikoff, Lisa Chiodo
Open Access Articles
For over a decade, the vast majority of new hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections have been among young people who inject drugs (PWID). Well-characterized gaps in chronic HCV diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment have resulted in fewer than 5% of PWID receiving HCV treatment. While interferon-based treatment may have intentionally been foregone during part of this time in anticipation of improved oral therapies, the overall pattern points to deficiencies and treatment exclusions in the health care system. Treatment for HCV with all-oral, highly effective direct-acting antiviral medication for 12 weeks or less is now the standard of care, putting renewed focus ...
Lagged Influence Of Fine Particulate Matter And Geographic Disparities On Clinic Visits For Children’S Asthma In Taiwan, 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Lagged Influence Of Fine Particulate Matter And Geographic Disparities On Clinic Visits For Children’S Asthma In Taiwan, Lung-Chang Chien, Yu-An Chen, Hwa-Lung Yu
Community Health Sciences Faculty Publications
Recent studies have revealed the influence of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) on increased medication use, hospital admission, and emergency room visits for asthma attack in children, but the lagged influence of PM2.5 on children’s asthma and geographic disparities of children’s asthma have rarely been discussed simultaneously. This study investigated the documented diagnosis of children’s asthma in clinic visits for children aged less than 15 years old that were associated with PM2.5 in two counties located in west-central Taiwan during 2005–2010. The result shows that PM2.5 had a significant lagged effect on children ...
The Predictors Of Juvenile Recidivism: Testimonies Of Adult Students 18 Years And Older Exiting From Alternative Education, La Toshia Palmer
Purpose: The purpose of this descriptive, qualitative study was to identify and describe the importance of the predictors of juvenile recidivism and the effectiveness of efforts to prevent/avoid juvenile recidivism as perceived by previously detained, arrested, convicted, and/or incarcerated adult students 18 years of age and older exiting from alternative education in Northern California. A second purpose was to explore the types of support provided by alternative schools and the perceived importance of the support to avoid recidivism according to adult students 18 years of age and older exiting from alternative education.
Methodology: This qualitative, descriptive research design ...
Anxiety, Depression, And Adverse Clinical Outcomes In Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Starting Warfarin: Cardiovascular Research Network Wave Study, 2018 University of California, San Francisco
Anxiety, Depression, And Adverse Clinical Outcomes In Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Starting Warfarin: Cardiovascular Research Network Wave Study, Christine Baumgartner, Dongjie Fan, Margaret C. Fang, Daniel E. Singer, Daniel M. Witt, John R. Schmelzer, Marc S. Williams, Jerry H. Gurwitz, Sue Hee Sung, Alan S. Go
Open Access Articles
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are associated with worse outcomes in several cardiovascular conditions, but it is unclear whether they affect outcomes in atrial fibrillation (AF). In a large diverse population of adults with AF, we evaluated the association of diagnosed anxiety and/or depression with stroke and bleeding outcomes.
METHODS AND RESULTS: The Cardiovascular Research Network WAVE (Community-Based Control and Persistence of Warfarin Therapy and Associated Rates and Predictors of Adverse Clinical Events in Atrial Fibrillation and Venous Thromboembolism) Study included adults with AF newly starting warfarin between 2004 and 2007 within 5 health delivery systems in the United States ...
Association Between Smoking And Functional Outcome In Acute Ischemic Stroke Population Treated With Tissue Plasminogen Activator, 2018 East Tennessee State University
Association Between Smoking And Functional Outcome In Acute Ischemic Stroke Population Treated With Tissue Plasminogen Activator, Iretioluwa Ajani, Oluyemi R. Rotimi, Olubunmi Kuku, Ndukwe Kalu, Olakunle Oni, Christian Nwabueze, Thomas Nathaniel, Shimin Zheng
Appalachian Student Research Forum
Association between Smoking and Functional Outcome in Acute Ischemic Stroke Population Treated with Tissue Plasminogen Activator
Iretioluwa Ajani1, Oluyemi Rotimi1, Olubunmi Kuku1, Ndukwe Kalu1, Olakunle Oni1, Nwabueze Christian1,Thomas Nathaniel2, Shimin Zheng1*
1Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, College of Public Health, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614
2Department of Neurology, Department of Pharmacology, Physiology & Neuroscience, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, SC 29208
The effect of smoking on outcome in acute ischemic stroke patients treated with tissue plasminogen activator (TPA) is debatable. Based on the hypothesis that smokers may have more effective thrombolysis with TPA. Some clinical studies have demonstrated a favorable outcome while others have seen worse prognosis or no effect at all. This study seeks to determine the association between smoking and functional improvement in TPA treated and non-treated patients.
We analyzed data from the Greenville Health System (GHS) stroke registry on stroke patients between January 2010 and December 2013. Patients were divided into two groups: those treated with TPA and those not treated with TPA but presenting within 4.5 hours. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to assess if smoking was associated with improvement in ambulation.
Of 1,446 patients, 595 (41.15 %) were treated with TPA (181 smokers (30.42%), 414 non-smokers (69.58 %) and 851 (58.85%) not treated with TPA (198 smokers (23.27 %), 653 non-smokers (76.73 %). In the multiple logistic models, smoking was not independently associated with favorable outcome in patients treated with TPA (OR = 0.84; 95% CI = 0.54 – 1.33; P = 0.46) and those not treated with TPA (OR = 0.96; 95% CI = 0.64 – 1.44; P-value = 0.85) though the bivariate models showed significant association ...
Nortex Spring 2018 Newsletter, 2018 University of North Texas Health Science Center
Nortex Spring 2018 Newsletter, North Texas Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network
North Texas Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network (NorTex) Newsletter
No abstract provided.
Impressions Of Participants In A Chemical Mass Casualty Exercise, 2018 University of South Carolina - Columbia
Impressions Of Participants In A Chemical Mass Casualty Exercise, Ethan J. Start, Joan M. Culley, Abbas Tavakoli
A mass casualty exercise was performed to investigate triage and decontamination of patients exposed to an irritant gas. Nursing students participated in two groups: emergency department triage (ED) and decontamination (DECON). While participants felt overall that the experience was valuable, DECON participants had a greater interest in emergency response and were more likely to volunteer again.
(Video) Characterizing The Exposome: Critical Analysis Of Exposome-Wide Association Studies, 2018 George Washington University
(Video) Characterizing The Exposome: Critical Analysis Of Exposome-Wide Association Studies, Marlee Nelson, Matias Attene Ramos
GW Research Days 2016 - Present
Purpose: The exposome is a conceptual framework of all exposures encountered by an individual in his or her lifetime. Studying the exposome is thereby a monumental feat that may require extensive research, conceptualization, and proof-of-concept analyses. Researchers have begun studying the exposome by developing exposome- and environment-wide association studies (EWAS). Since EWAS is such a novel technique, this critical analysis of existing EWAS in the literature sought to determine whether the studies utilized common research methods, how the data were analyzed, and whether the analyses were similar. The analysis also sought to explore ways in which these studies could inform ...
Population-Based Differences In The Outcome And Presentation Of Lung Cancer Patients Based Upon Racial, Histologic, And Economic Factors In All Lung Patients And Those With Metastatic Disease, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Population-Based Differences In The Outcome And Presentation Of Lung Cancer Patients Based Upon Racial, Histologic, And Economic Factors In All Lung Patients And Those With Metastatic Disease, John M. Varlotto, Richard Voland, Kerrie Mckie, John C. Flickinger, Malcolm M. Decamp, Debra Maddox, Paul Rava, Thomas J. Fitzgerald, Geoffrey Graeber, Negar Rassaei, Paulo Oliveira, Suhail Ali, Chandra Belani, Jonathan Glanzman, Heather A. Wakelee, Manali Patel, Jennifer Baima, Jianying Zhang, William Walsh
Open Access Articles
To investigate the interrelation between economic, marital, and known histopathologic/therapeutic prognostic factors in presentation and survival of patients with lung cancer in nine different ethnic groups. A retrospective review of the SEER database was conducted through the years 2007-2012. Population differences were assessed via chi-square testing. Multivariable analyses (MVA) were used to detect overall survival (OS) differences in the total population (TP, N = 153,027) and for those patients presenting with Stage IV (N = 70,968). Compared to Whites, Blacks were more likely to present with younger age, male sex, lower income, no insurance, single/widowed partnership, less squamous ...
Device Therapies Among Patients Receiving Primary Prevention Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators In The Cardiovascular Research Network, Robert T. Greenlee, Jerry H. Gurwitz, David D. Mcmanus
Open Access Articles
BACKGROUND: Primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) reduce mortality in selected patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction by delivering therapies (antitachycardia pacing or shocks) to terminate potentially lethal arrhythmias; inappropriate therapies also occur. We assessed device therapies among adults receiving primary prevention ICDs in 7 healthcare systems.
METHODS AND RESULTS: We linked medical record data, adjudicated device therapies, and the National Cardiovascular Data Registry ICD Registry. Survival analysis evaluated therapy probability and predictors after ICD implant from 2006 to 2009, with attention to Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Coverage With Evidence Development subgroups: left ventricular ejection fraction, 31% to 35 ...
Understanding The Digital Gap Among Us Adults With Disability: Cross-Sectional Analysis Of The Health Information National Trends Survey 2013, Eun Ji Kim, Yiyang Yuan, Jane Liebschutz, Howard Cabral, Lewis Kazis
Open Access Articles
BACKGROUND: Disabilities affect more than 1 in 5 US adults, and those with disabilities face multiple barriers in accessing health care. A digital gap, defined as the disparity caused by differences in the ability to use advanced technologies, is assumed to be prevalent among individuals with disabilities.
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations between disability and use of information technology (IT) in obtaining health information and between trust factors and IT use. We hypothesized that compared to US adults without disabilities, those with disabilities are less likely to refer to the internet for health information, more likely to refer to ...