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Pneumonia Research And The Omics Revolution: It Is Time For Pneumomics, Julio A. Ramirez 2017 University of Louisville, Louisville, KY

Pneumonia Research And The Omics Revolution: It Is Time For Pneumomics, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


A New Journal Section: Patient Management, Forest W. Arnold, Rodrigo Cavallazzi 2017 Division of Infectious Diseases / University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA

A New Journal Section: Patient Management, Forest W. Arnold, Rodrigo Cavallazzi

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Impact Of Obesity On Mortality In Hospitalized Patients With Pneumonia Due To 2009 H1n1 Influenza A Virus Versus Other Etiologies, Martin A. Espinosa-Ginic, Ryan T. Hurt, Stephen P. Furmanek, Paula Peyrani, Julio A. Ramirez, Timothy Lee Wiemken, The CAPO Investigators 2017 Saint Thomas Heart, Saint Thomas Midtown and West Hospitals, Nashville, TN

Impact Of Obesity On Mortality In Hospitalized Patients With Pneumonia Due To 2009 H1n1 Influenza A Virus Versus Other Etiologies, Martin A. Espinosa-Ginic, Ryan T. Hurt, Stephen P. Furmanek, Paula Peyrani, Julio A. Ramirez, Timothy Lee Wiemken, The Capo Investigators

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: Reports from the 2009 H1N1 influenza A virus (2009 H1N1) pandemic indicate increased mortality in obese patients hospitalized with pneumonia. However, articles published prior to the pandemic have suggested that obesity may be a protective factor for mortality in these patients. The objective of this study was to compare the impact of obesity on mortality in hospitalized patients with pneumonia due to the 2009 H1N1 versus pneumonia due to other etiologies.

Methods: This was a secondary analysis of the CAPO international cohort study. Study groups were defined as follows: Group One, pneumonia due to 2009 H1N1: Patients hospitalized with ...


Short Duration Of Antibiotic Therapy In Hospitalized Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia: Results From The Capo International Cohort Study, Alejandro Chirino Navarta, Paula Peyrani, Timothy L. Wiemken, Marcos I. Restrepo, James D. Chalmers, Carlos M. Luna, Francesco Blasi, Julio A. Ramirez, Stefano Aliberti 2017 Servicio de Neumonología, Hospital Italiano, Mendoza, Argentina

Short Duration Of Antibiotic Therapy In Hospitalized Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia: Results From The Capo International Cohort Study, Alejandro Chirino Navarta, Paula Peyrani, Timothy L. Wiemken, Marcos I. Restrepo, James D. Chalmers, Carlos M. Luna, Francesco Blasi, Julio A. Ramirez, Stefano Aliberti

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Introduction: Experts suggest a short duration of antibiotic therapy (DOT) in responding patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical outcomes after hospital discharge among patients treated with short-course antibiotic therapy (SCT) vs. long-course antibiotic therapy (LCT) for CAP.

Methods: A secondary analysis of the Community-Acquired Pneumonia Organization (CAPO) database from January 2007 to June 2013 was performed, including hospitalized CAP patients who reached clinical stability within 5 days. Two groups were identified: patients who were treated with antibiotic therapy for a total duration of 5 days or less (SCT Group) vs. longer than ...


Impact Of Temperature Relative Humidity And Absolute Humidity On The Incidence Of Hospitalizations For Lower Respiratory Tract Infections Due To Influenza, Rhinovirus, And Respiratory Syncytial Virus: Results From Community-Acquired Pneumonia Organization (Capo) International Cohort Study, Timothy L. Wiemken, William A. Mattingly, Stephen P. Furmanek, Brian E. Guinn, Connor L. English, Ruth Carrico, Paula Peyrani, Julio A. Ramirez 2017 University of Louisville, Louisville, KY

Impact Of Temperature Relative Humidity And Absolute Humidity On The Incidence Of Hospitalizations For Lower Respiratory Tract Infections Due To Influenza, Rhinovirus, And Respiratory Syncytial Virus: Results From Community-Acquired Pneumonia Organization (Capo) International Cohort Study, Timothy L. Wiemken, William A. Mattingly, Stephen P. Furmanek, Brian E. Guinn, Connor L. English, Ruth Carrico, Paula Peyrani, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Abstract

Background: Transmissibility of several etiologies of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) may vary based on outdoor climate factors. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of outdoor temperature, relative humidity, and absolute humidity on the incidence of hospitalizations for lower respiratory tract infections due to influenza, rhinovirus, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).

Methods: This was a secondary analysis of an ancillary study of the Community Acquired Pneumonia Organization (CAPO) database. Respiratory viruses were detected using the Luminex xTAG respiratory viral panel. Climate factors were obtained from the National Weather Service. Adjusted Poisson regression models with robust ...


The Community-Acquired Pneumonia Organization (Capo) Cloud-Based Research Platform (The Capo-Cloud): Facilitating Data Sharing In Clinical Research, William A. Mattingly, Timothy L. Wiemken, Stephen P. Furmanek, Paula Peyrani, Robert R. Kelley, Julio A. Ramirez 2017 University of Louisville, Louisville, KY

The Community-Acquired Pneumonia Organization (Capo) Cloud-Based Research Platform (The Capo-Cloud): Facilitating Data Sharing In Clinical Research, William A. Mattingly, Timothy L. Wiemken, Stephen P. Furmanek, Paula Peyrani, Robert R. Kelley, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: Pneumonia is a costly and deadly respiratory disease that afflicts millions every year. Advances in pneumonia care require significant research investment and collaboration among pneumonia investigators. Despite the importance of data sharing for clinical research it remains difficult to share datasets with old and new investigators. We present CAPOCloud, a web-based pneumonia research platform intended to facilitate data sharing and make data more accessible to new investigators.

Methods: We establish the first two use cases for CAPOCloud to be the automatic subsetting and constraining of the CAPO database and the automatic summarization of the database in aggregate. We use ...


Predicting 30-Day Mortality In Hospitalized Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia Using Statistical And Machine Learning Approaches, Timothy L. Wiemken, Stephen P. Furmanek, William A. Mattingly, Brian E. Guinn, Rodrigo Cavallazzi, Rafael Fernandez-Botran, Leslie A Wolf, Connor L. English, Julio A. Ramirez 2017 University of Louisville, Louisville, KY

Predicting 30-Day Mortality In Hospitalized Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia Using Statistical And Machine Learning Approaches, Timothy L. Wiemken, Stephen P. Furmanek, William A. Mattingly, Brian E. Guinn, Rodrigo Cavallazzi, Rafael Fernandez-Botran, Leslie A Wolf, Connor L. English, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: Predicting if a hospitalized patient with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) will or will not survive after admission to the hospital is important for research purposes as well as for institution of early patient management interventions. Although population-level mortality prediction scores for these patients have been around for many years, novel patient-level algorithms are needed. The objective of this study was to assess several statistical and machine learning models for their ability to predict 30-day mortality in hospitalized patients with CAP.

Methods: This was a secondary analysis of the University of Louisville (UofL) Pneumonia Study database. Six different statistical and/or ...


Clinical Research: Educational Videos - The Process Of Clinical Research: Step-By-Step From Idea To Publication, Julio A. Ramirez 2017 University of Louisville, Louisville, KY

Clinical Research: Educational Videos - The Process Of Clinical Research: Step-By-Step From Idea To Publication, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Clinical research can be defined as the creation and dissemination of new knowledge with the goal to improve outcomes in patients with a particular health problem. In this short video, Dr. Julio Ramirez, from the University of Louisville, offers an overview of the process of clinical research and describe how an investigator moves from the generation of an idea to the publication of study findings.


A 49-Year-Old Woman With Chronic Skin Lesions, Acute Mental Status Changes And New Pulmonary Infiltrate: Case Discussion From The University Of Louisville Hospital, Bhavani Puskur, Youssef Khafateh, Srikant Ramachandruni, Veronica Corcino, Mark Burns, Forest W. Arnold 2017 University of Louisville, Louisville, KY

A 49-Year-Old Woman With Chronic Skin Lesions, Acute Mental Status Changes And New Pulmonary Infiltrate: Case Discussion From The University Of Louisville Hospital, Bhavani Puskur, Youssef Khafateh, Srikant Ramachandruni, Veronica Corcino, Mark Burns, Forest W. Arnold

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Emergency Preparedness Competencies Among Nurses In Northwest Arkansas, Taylor A. Matlock 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Emergency Preparedness Competencies Among Nurses In Northwest Arkansas, Taylor A. Matlock

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Despite years of training and experience, evidence suggests nurses report wide gaps in emergency competencies and disaster preparedness. Further, nurses report low levels of familiarity in competencies related to planning for disasters, implementing disaster guidelines, and assessing patients exposed to biological and chemical agents. This research sought to establish the self-reported level of emergency preparedness competencies of nurses in Northwest Arkansas, an area that faces a diverse set of potential disasters ranging from nuclear accidents to pandemic disease. Additionally, differences between of the level of preparedness by education level or work specialty were studied. The results are alarming in that ...


What’S New With The Flu?, Boriana Marintcheva 2017 Bridgewater State University

What’S New With The Flu?, Boriana Marintcheva

Bridgewater Review

No abstract provided.


Clinical & Translational Research In Pneumonia: Defining A Research Agenda For Today And Tomorrow, Julio A. Ramirez 2017 University of Louisville

Clinical & Translational Research In Pneumonia: Defining A Research Agenda For Today And Tomorrow, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

From the Editor in Chief

The reason for this special supplement of the Journal is to inform readers of a scientific research conference supported by the National Institutes of Health (NHI). The NIH Research Conference Grant (R13) supports high quality scientific conferences in areas that are important to the NIH's mission and to the public health. We just received notification that the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) has approved the application for an international research conference entitled: DzClinical & Translational Research in Pneumonia: Defining a Research Agenda for Today and Tomorrowdz. The conference will be held on Wednesday ...


The Effectiveness Of Combined Appointments And Influenza Immunization Rates In A Rural Wic Population, Lisa L. Sitler 2017 University of Missouri-St. Louis

The Effectiveness Of Combined Appointments And Influenza Immunization Rates In A Rural Wic Population, Lisa L. Sitler

Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this descriptive retrospective study was to examine predictors and barriers to influenza immunizations receipt in a low-income WIC population.

Method: A quality improvement project was conducted in October 2010 in which 129 caregivers of children having WIC appointments were randomly assigned to receive (a) influenza immunizations at the time of the WIC visit or (b) educational materials and a later immunization. Caregivers completed a survey about their perceptions of influenza immunizations. Tanahashi’s access to care model (1978) was used to identify predictors (acceptability, accessibility, availability, and effectiveness) of influenza immunizations.

Analysis: In analysis of data ...


The Cost Of Cost-Sharing: The Impact Of Medicaid Benefit Design On Influenza Vaccination Uptake, Charles Stoecker, Alexandra M Stewart, Megan Lindley 2017 George Washington University

The Cost Of Cost-Sharing: The Impact Of Medicaid Benefit Design On Influenza Vaccination Uptake, Charles Stoecker, Alexandra M Stewart, Megan Lindley

Health Policy and Management Faculty Publications

ncome persons. State Medicaid policy may affect the uptake of recommended adult vaccinations. We examined the impact of three aspects of Medicaid benefit design (coverage for vaccines, prohibiting cost-sharing, and copayment amounts) on vaccine uptake in the fee-for-service Medicaid population 19–64 years old. We combined previously published reports to obtain state Medicaid policy information from 2003 and 2012. Data on influenza vaccination uptake were taken from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. We used a differences-in-differences framework, controlling for national trends and state differences, to estimate the effect of each benefit design factor on vaccination uptake in different Medicaid-eligible ...


Why A New Journal?, Julio A. Ramirez 2017 University of Louisville Division of Infectious Diseases, Louisville, KY

Why A New Journal?, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

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Time To Clinical Stability In Patients With Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Due To Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Treated With Linezolid Versus Vancomycin: Results From The Impact-Hap Study, Paula Peyrani, Timothy L. Wiemken, Marcus J. Zervos, Daniel H. Kett, Thomas M. File Jr., Gary E. Stein, Kimbal D. Ford, Julio A. Ramirez 2017 University of Louisville, Louisville, KY

Time To Clinical Stability In Patients With Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Due To Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Treated With Linezolid Versus Vancomycin: Results From The Impact-Hap Study, Paula Peyrani, Timothy L. Wiemken, Marcus J. Zervos, Daniel H. Kett, Thomas M. File Jr., Gary E. Stein, Kimbal D. Ford, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: Time to clinical stability is a well-defined early clinical outcome in hospitalized patients with community-acquired pneumonia, but it has not been evaluated in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). The objective of this study was to compare time to clinical stability in patients with MRSA VAP treated with linezolid versus vancomycin.

Methods: This was a secondary analysis of the IMPACT-HAP study database. VAP was defined according to CDC criteria. MRSA VAP was considered when MRSA was isolated from a tracheal aspirate or bronchoalveolar lavage. A patient was considered to reach clinical stability the day that the following four criteria were ...


Clinical Outcomes Of Community-Acquired Pneumonia In Patients With Diabetes Mellitus, Siddartha Bandhary, Bolivar Y. Contreras-Mora, Ruby Gupta, Patricia Fernandez, Patricio Jimenez, Paula Peyrani, Timothy L. Wiemken, Steven Burdette, Julio A. Ramirez, Hadi Harati, Jose Bordon 2017 Providence Hospital, Washington, DC

Clinical Outcomes Of Community-Acquired Pneumonia In Patients With Diabetes Mellitus, Siddartha Bandhary, Bolivar Y. Contreras-Mora, Ruby Gupta, Patricia Fernandez, Patricio Jimenez, Paula Peyrani, Timothy L. Wiemken, Steven Burdette, Julio A. Ramirez, Hadi Harati, Jose Bordon

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: Studies have found admission hyperglycemia as a predictor of poor outcomes in Community acquired Pneumonia (CAP), whereas others have not. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of diabetes mellitus (DM) on mortality as well as Length of stay (LOS) and Time to clinical stability (TCS) of hospitalized patients with CAP.

Materials and Methods: Adult patients hospitalized with CAP enrolled at Community-Acquired Pneumonia Organization (CAPO) database with DM were categorized as admission blood glucose ≥ 250 mg/dL (diabetes mellitus blood sugar (BG) > 250) and admission blood glucose ≤ 250 mg/dL (DM BG ≤ 250). CAP outcomes included ...


A Review Of Macrolide Based Regimens For Community-Acquired Pneumonia, Forest W. Arnold, Leslie A. Beavin 2017 University of Louisville, Louisville, KY

A Review Of Macrolide Based Regimens For Community-Acquired Pneumonia, Forest W. Arnold, Leslie A. Beavin

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) has significant morbidity and mortality. The Infectious Diseases Society of America/American Thoracic Society (IDSA/ATS) guidelines recommend two antimicrobial regimens for hospitalized patients with CAP, one of which includes a macrolide, and one of which does not. Both regimens have antimicrobial properties, but macrolides also possess immunomodulatory properties. Macrolides, however, may also have potential arrhythmia adverse effects. The purpose of this review is to provide an update of studies evaluating outcomes for patients with CAP treated with or without a macrolide-based regimen. Two recent randomized controlled trials conflict with each other regarding the benefit versus noninferiority ...


The Une Flu Crew: An Interprofessional Influenza Prevention Team, Christina Tsui, Annie Beauregard, Nathan Stoddard, Samantha Grela, Allison Bubar, Elise Reddington, Nicolette Schwab, Adam Lessard, Thomas Wickham 2016 University of New England

The Une Flu Crew: An Interprofessional Influenza Prevention Team, Christina Tsui, Annie Beauregard, Nathan Stoddard, Samantha Grela, Allison Bubar, Elise Reddington, Nicolette Schwab, Adam Lessard, Thomas Wickham

UNE Flu Crew

Research poster stemming from IPEC mini-grant funded student project The UNE Flu Crew: An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Assessment of Knowledge, Beliefs and Perceptions surrounding Influenza Immunizations and the Promotion of Preventing Infection. Osteopathic medicine and public health students collaborated to assess the knowledge and perceptions regarding the influenza vaccine among the University of New England’s student and faculty populations. The project also provided a peer-to-peer education model where members of the Flu Crew designed a teaching curriculum and provided community outreach to the UNE Biddeford campus and local community schools.


Predicting Avian Influenza Co-Infection With H5n1 And H9n2 In Northern Egypt, Sean G. Young, Margaret Carrel, George P. Malanson, Mohamed A. Ali, Ghazi Kayali 2016 University of Iowa

Predicting Avian Influenza Co-Infection With H5n1 And H9n2 In Northern Egypt, Sean G. Young, Margaret Carrel, George P. Malanson, Mohamed A. Ali, Ghazi Kayali

Department of Geographical and Sustainability Sciences Publications

Human outbreaks with avian influenza have been, so far, constrained by poor viral adaptation to non-avian hosts. This could be overcome via co-infection, whereby two strains share genetic material, allowing new hybrid strains to emerge. Identifying areas where co-infection is most likely can help target spaces for increased surveillance. Ecological niche modeling using remotely-sensed data can be used for this purpose. H5N1 and H9N2 influenza subtypes are endemic in Egyptian poultry. From 2006 to 2015, over 20,000 poultry and wild birds were tested at farms and live bird markets. Using ecological niche modeling we identified environmental, behavioral, and population ...


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