Bidirectional Global Health Education: The Rvcp-Jeff Health Exchange Program, 2015 Thomas Jefferson University
Bidirectional Global Health Education: The Rvcp-Jeff Health Exchange Program, Ellen J. Plumb Md, James D. Plumb Md, Mph, Komal S. Soin Md
Population Health Matters (Formerly Health Policy Newsletter)
No abstract provided.
Cervical Cancer In Guatemala: Using Visual Inspection With Acetic Acid Screening To Reduce Incidence Of And Mortality From Cervical Cancer, 2015 Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University
Cervical Cancer In Guatemala: Using Visual Inspection With Acetic Acid Screening To Reduce Incidence Of And Mortality From Cervical Cancer, Zachary Klock
Guatemala is a developing nation of nearly 16 million in Central America. Among the many health problems the nation suffers, cervical cancer remains a leading cause of cancer-related death. Cervical cancer, an easily detectable cancer, predominantly affects women in developing nations. Traditional cytology techniques have been used to screen women in the country for over 25 years, but less than 10% of the Guatemalan population is screened. The Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid (VIA) is a simple produce that uses acetic acid to visualize precancerous cervical lesions and has been proven to be more effective in resource-poor settings. The screening ...
Hernia Surgery In Rural Ghana, West Africa: Barriers To Health Care And Their Implications, 2015 Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Population Health College within a College 2017, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia PA
Hernia Surgery In Rural Ghana, West Africa: Barriers To Health Care And Their Implications, Laura Traub
The information presented is a the product of a six week international rotation at Volta Regional Hospital and Royal Hospital through Blue-Med Africa, a non-governmental organization based out of Ho, Ghana. The goal of the rotation was to obtain an understanding of healthcare in Ghana and identify the differences between surgical procedures in West Africa and the U.S.
Globally Minded, Locally Serving: Refugee Health In Philadelphia, 2015 Thomas Jefferson University, Department of Occupational Therapy
Globally Minded, Locally Serving: Refugee Health In Philadelphia, Sarah Jamieson, Angelica Montes, Gretchen Shanfeld, Mph, Rickie Brawer, Mph, Phd, Caryn Johnson, Ms, Otr/L, Faota, James D. Plumb, Md, Mph
A refugee is someone who is forced to leave their country of origin due to war, violence, or persecution. The United States is the world’s top resettlement country. Out of the 50 states, Pennsylvania is 5th in terms of the number of annually resettled refugees. Each year, Philadelphia resettles approximately 800 refugees. Bhutan, Burma, Iraq, Eritrea, Sudan, and Democratic Republic of Congo are the most frequent countries of origin in Philadelphia.
Health Care In Bolivia: A First Hand Experience, 2015 Jefferson Office of International Affairs
Health Care In Bolivia: A First Hand Experience, Sanchi Malhotra
This research project is based on a one month work experience in Cochabamba, Boliva through the NGO Sustainable Bolivia at Hosptial Viedma, a major public hospital and Centre de Salud Pacata, a rural outpatient health clinic. The information presented below is derived from both research and personal experience. This trip was partially funded by Jefferson Office of International Affairs with the goal of gaining experience and knowledge about the Bolivian health care system.
Evaluating And Responding To Medical Student Demand For Global Health Education, 2015 Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University
Evaluating And Responding To Medical Student Demand For Global Health Education, Angela Ugorets, Bs, Maria Montano, Mph, Michael Cafarchio, Md, Daniel Becchi, Ba, Annie Masterson, Ba, Nithin Paul, Ba, Ellen Plumb, Md
With the constant interchange of people and diseases across continents, “the separation between domestic and international health problems is no longer useful.” (1) Look no further than the 80,000 refugees currently resettled in the United States for proof that health is a global phenomenon. The medical community needs to respond to the changing global landscape by training future healthcare leaders to think and act globally.
Medical students across the U.S. recognize this need with 68% of U.S. allopathic medical schools having an active student global or international health interest group. (2) Unfortunately, training opportunities lag behind ...
Designs Of Two Randomized, Community-Based Trials To Assess The Impact Of Influenza Immunization During Pregnancy On Respiratory Illness Among Pregnant Women And Their Infants And Reproductive Outcomes In Rural Nepal, 2015 George Washington University
Designs Of Two Randomized, Community-Based Trials To Assess The Impact Of Influenza Immunization During Pregnancy On Respiratory Illness Among Pregnant Women And Their Infants And Reproductive Outcomes In Rural Nepal, James M. Tielsch, Mark Steinhoff, Joanne Katz, Janet A. Englund, Jane Kuypers, Subarna K. Khatry, Laxman Shrestha, Steven C. Leclerq
Global Health Faculty Publications
Background: Among the most important causes of illness and death in both pregnant women and their newborn infants are respiratory infections including influenza. Pregnant women in North America have a 4 to 5 fold excess rate of hospitalization compared to non-pregnant women. Rates of infant hospitalization associated with influenza are much higher than in their mothers. Fully half of children hospitalized for influenza in the US are in the age group 0–5 months, a group where no vaccine is licensed. Data on influenza are much fewer in low income countries where the risks of serious morbidity and mortality are ...
The Effect Of Peer Educators On Medication Adherence In Hiv Patients In Cochabamba, Bolivia, 2015 Office of International Affairs, Thomas Jefferson University; Office of Diversity and Inclusion Initiatives, Thomas Jefferson University; Vivo en Positivo
The Effect Of Peer Educators On Medication Adherence In Hiv Patients In Cochabamba, Bolivia, George Ru
- Bolivia is the least developed country in South America, with high levels of poverty, poor access to safe water, and low economic activity. Bolivia’s GDP, in US dollars, in 2013 was $30.60 billion and the gross national income, per capita in US dollars was $2,550, which both rank either at or near the bottom of the list for all South American countries (7).
- The Ministry of Health and Sports (MSD) is the national governing body responsible for formulating the strategy, policies, plans and programs in health. The Department of Health Services (SEDES) is the highest ...
Universal Healthcare: Costa Rica As A Model, 2015 Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Philadelphia, PA
Universal Healthcare: Costa Rica As A Model, Annie J. Ferris
What it Looks Like in Costa Rica
- Run by the Costa Rican Social Security Administration
- Financed by employers, employees, and the Ministry of Health. Employer and employee contributions together make up over 90% of contributions.
- Costa Rica is divided into 105 health areas, which are further divided up into primary care units called Basic Provision Units of Integrated Healthcare, or EBAIS. There are 947 of these primary care centers throughout Costa Rica, and everyone is assigned to one.
- The EBAIS clinics provide a wide range of services to cover the general and specific health needs of the community, including primary ...
Alternative Income Generation For Kenyan Women: Preventing Prostitution And The Spread Of Hiv, Megan Elizabeth Lundy
HIV/AIDS in Mlolongo, Kenya
Mombasa Highway and Weigh Station
- Truckers spend 3+ days waiting to be processed, providing a costumer base for prostitution
- In Kenya, 27.6% of female sex workers are HIV positive and only 26.8% use condoms with all of their partners (Morris, Morris, and Ferguson, 2009).
- The rampant spread of HIV and lack of contraception has led to rapid growth in the population in an area that has little ability to support any residents
- Development of Slums that now line the highway
Case Studies In Evaluating Time Series Prediction Models Using The Relative Mean Absolute Error, 2015 University of Massachusetts - Amherst
Case Studies In Evaluating Time Series Prediction Models Using The Relative Mean Absolute Error, Nicholas G. Reich, Justin Lessler, Krzysztof Sakrejda, Stephen A. Lauer, Sopon Iamsirithaworn, Derek A T Cummings
Nicholas G Reich
Statistical prediction models inform decision-making processes in many real-world settings. Prior to using predictions in practice, one must rigorously test and validate candidate models to ensure that the proposed predictions have sufficient accuracy to be used in practice. In this paper, we present a framework for evaluating time series predictions that emphasizes computational simplicity and an intuitive interpretation using the relative mean absolute error metric. For a single time series, this metric enables comparisons of candidate model predictions against naive reference models, a method that can provide useful and standardized performance benchmarks. Additionally, in applications with multiple time series, this ...
Association Between Dietary Patterns During Pregnancy And Birth Size Measures In A Diverse Population In Southern Us, 2015 George Washington University
Association Between Dietary Patterns During Pregnancy And Birth Size Measures In A Diverse Population In Southern Us, Uriyoan Colón-Ramos, Susan B. Racette, Jody M. Ganiban, Thuy G. Nguyen, Mehmet Kocak, Kecia N. Carroll, Eszter Volgyi, Frances A. Tylavsky
Global Health Faculty Publications
Despite increased interest in promoting nutrition during pregnancy, the association between maternal dietary patterns and birth outcomes has been equivocal. We examined maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy as a determinant of offspring’s birth weight-for-length (WLZ), weight-for-age (WAZ), length-for-age (LAZ), and head circumference (HCZ) Z-scores in Southern United States (n = 1151). Maternal diet during pregnancy was assessed by seven dietary patterns. Multivariable linear regression models described the association of WLZ, WAZ, LAZ, and HCZ with diet patterns controlling for other maternal and child characteristics. In bivariate analyses, WAZ and HCZ were significantly lower for processed and processed-Southern compared to healthy ...
Discovering A Gold Mine Of U.S. Government Information: Exploring The Hathitrust Catalog And Its Rich Veins, Bert Chapman
Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations
The Hathitrust Catalog provides researchers at member institutions with exponentially expanded access to historical U.S. Government information resources. This presentation describes how researchers can use this resource to conduct substantive research using government information resources on public policy issues such as Internal Revenue Service program problems, infectious diseases such as Ebola, and U.S. foreign relations with the former Soviet Union/Russian Federation.
Promoting Global Health Awareness Through Hands-On Training, 2014 Sacred Heart University
Promoting Global Health Awareness Through Hands-On Training, Christina B. Gunther
Christina B. Gunther
Christina Gunther, Director, Global Programs & Assessment at Sacred Heart University, discusses her work with students in global health awareness through service learning and mission trips, study abroad and international clincal experiences.
Evidence-Informed Guidelines For Pediatric Pandemic Planning And Response, 2014 University of Kentucky
Evidence-Informed Guidelines For Pediatric Pandemic Planning And Response, Ginny Sprang, James J. Clark, Miriam Silman, Phyllis W. Leigh, Candice M. Jackson, A. Scott Lajoie
Center on Trauma and Children Reports
From the executive summary:
Pandemic events are unpredictable and inevitable. When they occur, the impact is both all-encompassing and asymmetrical; each pandemic targets specific, vulnerable populations, but ultimately impacts individuals, families and communities throughout the world. Regardless of origin or circumstances, the next pandemic will certainly count infants, children, and adolescents among its most vulnerable targets. As evidenced by the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic, children may be at higher risk than populations more typically seen as susceptible to pandemic illness (the elderly, those with weakened immune systems, etc.). Children also can function as disease vectors, spreading the virus through their ...
Is The United States Prepared For Ebola?, 2014 Georgetown University
Is The United States Prepared For Ebola?, Lawrence O. Gostin, James G. Hodge Jr., Scott Burris
Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works
The West African Ebola epidemic is a humanitarian crisis and a threat to international security. It is not surprising that isolated cases have emerged in Europe and North America, but a large outbreak in the United States, with its advanced health system, is unlikely. Yet the handling of the first domestically diagnosed Ebola case in Dallas, Texas, raised concerns about national public health preparedness. What were the critical health system vulnerabilities revealed in Dallas, and how can the country respond more effectively to novel diseases in a globalized world?
Ebola: A Crisis In Global Health Leadership, 2014 Georgetown University
Ebola: A Crisis In Global Health Leadership, Lawrence O. Gostin, Eric A. Friedman
Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works
At the core of the present Ebola crisis in West Africa is a lack of global health leadership. WHO should be the global health leader, following its constitutional charge, yet it is significantly under-resourced, having a direct effect on its rapid response capacity. The Organization's response to this crisis has been constantly behind, from low funding appeals to its delay in declaring this outbreak to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern under the binding International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR). The IHR themselves have proven insufficient, as countries have failed to cooperate in building the public health capacities ...
Public Health In The Age Of Ebola In West Africa, 2014 University of Minnesota - Minneapolis
Public Health In The Age Of Ebola In West Africa, Michael T. Osterholm, Kristine A. Moore, Lawrence O. Gostin
Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works
The Ebola epidemic, with its fast-growing toll and real potential for spreading into much of Africa, including major cities, has the makings of a “Black Swan” event. Such events, using the term coined by Nassim Nicholas Taleb, are: 1) unpredictable, outside the realm of regular expectations; 2) have a major impact, and; 3) are rationalized after the fact as being explainable and predictable.
We have learned from this outbreak the potential for an infectious disease to be politically, economically, and socially destabilizing, and that what kills us may be very different from what frightens us or substantially affects our social ...
Cultural Conversations With Brazilian And Dominican Transnationals: Implications For Health And Wellbeing, Cristina Brinkerhoff, Carlos Eduardo Siqueira, Rosalyn Negrón, Amanda Reich, Linda Sprague Martinez
C. Eduardo Siqueira
This poster summarizes the results of several cultural conversations with Brazilian and Dominican immigrants in Massachusetts, held during 2014.
Agency Of The South Sudanese: Compensating For Health Care In Mungula Refugee Settlement, 2014 SIT Graduate Institute - Study Abroad
Agency Of The South Sudanese: Compensating For Health Care In Mungula Refugee Settlement, Lauren Schmidt
Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection
In reaction to the endemic violence, which has forced many South Sudanese to flee their homes and seek refuge within Uganda’s borders, the researcher spent the practicum interning with the Uganda Red Cross Society (URCS) in Mungula refugee settlement, under academic advisor Steven Mawa. As the organization is the leading health provider in the settlement, the researcher gained insight into the provision of social services to the population, which allowed an extensive study on the ability of the South Sudanese to compensate for shortages in care and various complications associated with doing so.
The researcher sought to entertain these ...