Public Health Considerations And The Culture Of Alcohol In Vietnam, 2016 Thomas Jefferson University
Public Health Considerations And The Culture Of Alcohol In Vietnam, Daniel Baquet
The problem of alcohol in Vietnam is interesting when considering the culture surrounding alcohol throughout the country, particularly amongst men. In 2010, Vietnamese men drank 12.1 liters of pure alcohol per capita, while women drank only 0.2 liters (WHO, 2014). The WHO Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health stated, “Vietnam’s national drinking patterns … are among the most fatal with the highest possible score for alcohol-attributable years of life lost,” a metric which includes liver cirrhosis, road traffic crashes, and the prevalence of alcohol use disorders and alcohol dependence (WHO, 2014). In addition, domestic alcohol production in ...
Quality Of Care Assessment At A Resident-Based Primary Care Hiv Clinic, 2016 Thomas Jefferson University
Quality Of Care Assessment At A Resident-Based Primary Care Hiv Clinic, Amanda Lacue, Marshall Miller, Md
A quality improvement study based in a primary care resident-based HIV clinic, the Kendig Clinic, was conducted within Jefferson Family Medicine Associates. The study objectives were to
• Determine the percentage of the clinic patients meeting each quality measure
• Compare these calculated clinic measures to known national averages
• Use the data to determine areas to target for future quality improvement initiatives.
Jeffhealth: Helping East Africa Link To Health, 2016 Thomas Jefferson University
Jeffhealth: Helping East Africa Link To Health, Elizabeth Kuhn, Emily Zhang, Naveed A. Rahman, Rebecca Margolis, Savannah Coe
JeffHEALTH-Helping East Africa Link to Health is a student-run organization at Thomas Jefferson University dedicated to improving basic medical education and quality of life in Rwanda, which was devastated in 1994 by civil war and genocide. Working in partnership with the Rwanda Village Concept Project, a student organization at the National University of Rwanda, JeffHEALTH seeks to implement sustainable health initiatives in our partner villages. Graduate students from Thomas Jefferson University travel to Rwanda where we taught Community Health Workers from the Villages of Akarambi and Ruli the following topics: Nutrition and Vitamin Deficiencies, Family Planning, Prenatal care, HIV, Sexually ...
Decentralization And Health: Case Studies Of Kenya, Pakistan, And The Philippines, 2016 Division of Health Systems Governance, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Decentralization And Health: Case Studies Of Kenya, Pakistan, And The Philippines, Christina E. Lewis, David Clarke, Jd, Maryam Bigdeli, Phd
Decentralization, defined by the World Bank (2001) as, “the transfer of authority and responsibility for public functions from the central government to intermediate and local governments or quasi-‐independent government organizations and/or the private sector,” is a movement that has gained much traction in recent history. For many countries undergoing decentralization, a major driver has been a desire to increase the role and participation of local governments in the decision-‐making space. In doing this, it is hoped to create governance structures that are more accountable and responsive to the people. For health, decentralization has been touted as a ...
An Interactive Curricula Experience (Ice) For Latino Immigrant Health, 2016 Thomas Jefferson University
An Interactive Curricula Experience (Ice) For Latino Immigrant Health, Kevin Molyneux, Ellen Plumb, Md, Martha Langley Ankeny, Med
The Interactive Curricula Experience (iCE) is an educational platform intended for interactive education utilizing multiple forms of media. It is being utilized at Thomas Jefferson University (TJU) in various classes, among them Global Health.
One of the pertinent global-health-at-home topics at TJU relates to Latino immigrant health. Latino immigrants number more than 20,000 in Philadelphia. They are located throughout the city, although the highest concentrations are in North and South Philadelphia. With respect to health care, Latino immigrants are less likely to have a regular health care provider than non-immigrant Latinos.
Education to provide culturally sensitive care to Latino ...
Sexual And Reproductive Health In Rwanda, 2016 Thomas Jefferson University
Sexual And Reproductive Health In Rwanda, Emily Zhang
- Empowerment (women, youth, communities)
- Inclusion (age + gender)
- Prevention/Early Detection
- Partner with Rwandan medical students to improve program delivery
- Communicate monthly with local leaders
- Partner with Community Health Center
- Partner with Rwandan medical students to improve program delivery
- Communicate monthly with local leaders
- Partner with Community Health Center
The Public Health Crisis In Greece And Its Ties To A Failing Economy, 2016 Thomas Jefferson University
The Public Health Crisis In Greece And Its Ties To A Failing Economy, Anna M. Carleen
In 2009 the Greek government admitted that the numbers it had been reporting to the European Union about its national budget deficit were artificially small. The deficit was actually huge, way larger than what the EU requires of member countries if they want to reap the benefits of being in this financial network. A benefit of being in the EU is that it makes it much easier for governments to take out large loans, because lenders trust that a member country will make good on its debts due to the security it has from being part of the union. This ...
Barriers To Care Amongst Rural Indigenous Mayans In Guatemala’S Western Highlands, 2016 Thomas Jefferson University
Barriers To Care Amongst Rural Indigenous Mayans In Guatemala’S Western Highlands, Nirali Butala
Information presented here is based on 5-week volunteering experience at Primeros Pasos clinic in the rural Palajunoj Valley outside the city of Quetzaltenango, Guatemala. Almost all of the patient population is rural, indigenous Quiche Maya. Guatemala has a relatively high GDP and patient-doctor ratio (1000:1) compared to its neighboring Latin American countries, but these resources are extremely localized to its capital, Guatemala City, where 70% of the country’s physicians work.
Only the wealthy are able to utilize private clinics and hospitals that are known to provide the highest quality care. At these clinics, patients pay out-of-pocket. Indigenous, rural ...
Water Crisis In Vietnam, 2016 Thomas Jefferson University
Water Crisis In Vietnam, Jordan M. Zaid
• Immediately after the Vietnam War ended in 1975, Vietnam experienced economic turmoil and famine as the roots of industrialization began to grip the nation.
• In 1986, the government declared a rapid transition from a planned to a market economy would take hold. The ensuing change caused further increased industrial development and a subsequent growth of the emerging market economy. 1
• To this day, Vietnam’s GDP is rising yearly at a rapid rate.
• For this reason, much of Vietnam has been developed in a relatively short amount of time (since the end of the war) but much of it has ...
Perceived Risks Associated With Contraceptive Method Use Among Men And Women In Ibadan And Kaduna, Nigeria, 2016 Western Washington University
Perceived Risks Associated With Contraceptive Method Use Among Men And Women In Ibadan And Kaduna, Nigeria, Hilary Schwandt, Joanna Skinner, Luciana E. Hebert, Abdulmumin Saad
Research shows that side effects are often the most common reason for contraceptive non-use in Nigeria; however, research to date has not explored the underlying factors that influence risk and benefit perceptions associated with specific contraceptive methods in Nigeria. A qualitative study design using focus group discussions was used to explore social attitudes and beliefs about family planning methods in Ibadan and Kaduna, Nigeria. A total of 26 focus group discussions were held in 2010 with men and women of reproductive age, disaggregated by city, sex, age, marital status, neighborhood socioeconomic status, and—for women only—family planning experience. A ...
Are Text Messages A Feasible And Acceptable Way To Reach Female Entertainment Workers In Cambodia With Health Messages? A Cross-Sectional Phone Survey, Carinne M. Brody, Sukhmani Dhaliwal, Sovannary Tuot, Michael Johnson, Khuondyla Pal, Siyan Yi
Background: Despite great achievements in reducing the prevalence of HIV, eliminating new HIV infections remains a challenge in Cambodia. Entertainment venues such as restaurants, karaoke bars, beer gardens, cafes, pubs, and massage parlors are now considered important venues for HIV prevention efforts and other health outreach interventions. Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore phone use and texting practices of female entertainment workers (FEWs) in order to determine if text messaging is a feasible and acceptable way to link FEWs to health services. Methods: This cross-sectional phone survey was conducted in May 2015 with 97 FEWs aged 18 ...
Cervical Cancer Infrastructure, Knowledge And Attitudes In Kabale, Uganda, 2016 Murray State University
Cervical Cancer Infrastructure, Knowledge And Attitudes In Kabale, Uganda, Nicole Robertson
Cervical Cancer Infrastructure, Knowledge and Attitudes in Kabale, Uganda
Nicole Robertson1, ShaCoria Winston2, Kara Miller3, Julia Hanebrink4
1University of Louisville 2Washington University in St. Louis 3University of California Riverside 4Christian Brothers University, Department of Anthropology
Cervical cancer has increasing prevalence in southwestern Uganda and is the most common cancer among women in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite this increased prevalence, the biomedical infrastructure in Uganda lacks support for cervical cancer screening and treatment. At the same time, cervical cancer carries a stigma as an incurable sexually transmitted disease similar to the history of HIV ...
Curbing Migration Of Talent In Africa: Initiatives For Collaborative Action, 2016 Iowa State University
Curbing Migration Of Talent In Africa: Initiatives For Collaborative Action, Leah C. Keino, Ria Van Wyk, Suzanne Hendrich, Gary Phye, Ann Thompson
In an effort to address migration of talent from sub-Saharan Africa, a number of higher education institutions are attempting to strengthen or develop graduate programs in several areas. These institutions see the potential for emerging digital technologies to provide new and exciting opportunities for collaboration with Western institutions. Examples of these institutions include University of Stellenbosch in South Africa and Iowa State University, which collaborated on a needs assessment for collaborative action to build faculty capacity through the development of shared Internet-based courses. This article describes this initiative. (Contains a list of 3 resources.)
Implementation Of Universal Hplc Analysis For Counterfeit Medication: A Partnership Of Purdue University And The Kilimanjaro School Of Pharmacy, Jordyn Mccord, Michael Mavity, David Wintczak
Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement
Jordyn McCord and Michael Mavity are 2016 graduates of both biological engineering and pharmaceutical sciences. David Wintczak is a third-year pharmacy doctoral candidate. Here, in their second article published in PJSL, they describe a weeklong study abroad course at the Kilimanjaro School of Pharmacy in Tanzania, designed to engage students in the implementation of methods for detecting counterfeit medications.
Zika Virus And Global Health Security, 2016 Georgetown University Law Center
Zika Virus And Global Health Security, Lawrence O. Gostin, James G. Hodge Jr.
Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works
Americans are largely apathetic about the risks of Zika virus and Congress cannot agree on preparedness funding. Strategies to counter the spread of Zika by the World Health Organisation (WHO) grossly underestimate the disease’s impact. WHO and member countries lack sufficient resources to respond. Consequences of fiscal apathy can be measured in lives lost and long-term disabilities. Zika prevention is a matter of global health security.
The epidemiologic brunt of Zika in South America falls largely on vulnerable women at heightened risk of exposure through mosquitoes and sexual transmission. Resulting transmission to fetuses and infants will have generational impacts ...
Radiology And Global Health: The Case For A New Subspecialty, 2016 Stanford University School of Medicine
Radiology And Global Health: The Case For A New Subspecialty, Matthew P. Lungren, Sarwat Hussain
The Journal of Global Radiology
In high- and medium-income countries, the use of radiology has grown substantially in the last several decades. But in the developing world, access to medical imaging remains a critical problem. Unlike more structured efforts in the field of global health, interventions in global radiology have been largely unplanned, fragmented and sometimes irrelevant to the needs of the recipient society, and have not resulted in any significant progress. Access to medical imaging around the world remains dismal. There is a therefore a clear and urgent need for the radiology community to develop a vision for global radiology, beginning with defining the ...
Sustainable Global Medical Mission Work: The Csb/Sju Global Medical Brigade, 2016 College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University
Sustainable Global Medical Mission Work: The Csb/Sju Global Medical Brigade, Tyler J. Bruinsma
International medical mission work, especially programs that include undergraduate students are under increasing fire as an unsustainable method for providing care to marginalized populations in developing countries. Medical mission work is often short-sighted and neglects to address the underlying causes of diseases. Annually, the CSB/SJU Global Health Affairs Club plans and executes a "Global Medical Brigade" to Honduras in conjunction with Global Brigades, a 501(c)3 non-profit organization. Global Brigades is different than most medical mission organizations in that it follows a holistic model to address health concerns. Through seven separate "brigades," Global Brigades addresses both immediate health ...
Levels Of Physical Dependence On Tobacco Among Adolescent Smokers In Cyprus, 2016 Harvard School of Public Health
Levels Of Physical Dependence On Tobacco Among Adolescent Smokers In Cyprus, Costas A. Christophi, Despina Pampaka, Martha Paisi, Solonas Ioannou, Joseph R. Difranza
Open Access Articles
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess tobacco dependence among Cypriot adolescents and examine its association to cigarette consumption and attitudes towards smoking.
METHODS: The current study used cross-sectional data from the 2011 Cyprus Global Youth Tobacco Survey which adopted multistage cluster sampling methods to select adolescents registered in middle and high schools in Cyprus. Tobacco use, physical dependence on tobacco, and attitudes towards tobacco use were measured in 187 adolescents aged 13-18years old who reported that they had smoked at least once in the preceding 30 days. Physical dependence was assessed using the Levels of Physical Dependence ...
A Livelihood Intervention To Improve Economic And Psychosocial Well-Being In Rural Uganda: Longitudinal Pilot Study, 2016 Mbarara University of Science and Technology
A Livelihood Intervention To Improve Economic And Psychosocial Well-Being In Rural Uganda: Longitudinal Pilot Study, Bernard Kakuhikire, Diego Suquillo, Elly Atuhumuza, Rumbidzai Mushavi, Jessica M. Perkins, Atheendar S. Venkataramani, Sheri D. Weiser, David Bangsberg, Alexander C. Tsai
OHSU-PSU Joint School of Public Health Faculty Publications and Presentations
HIV and poverty are inextricably intertwined in sub-Saharan Africa. Economic and livelihood intervention strategies have been suggested to help mitigate the adverse economic effects of HIV, but few intervention studies have focused specifically on HIV positive persons. We conducted three pilot studies to assess a livelihood intervention consisting of an initial orientation and loan package of chickens and associated implements to create poultry microenterprises. We enrolled 15 HIV-positive and 22 HIV-negative participants and followed them for up to 18 months. Over the course of follow-up, participants achieved high chicken survival and loan repayment rates. Median monthly income increased, and severe ...
Exploring Determinants Of Handwashing With Soap In Indonesia: A Quantitative Analysis, 2016 George Washington University
Exploring Determinants Of Handwashing With Soap In Indonesia: A Quantitative Analysis, Mitsuaki Hirai, Jay P. Graham, Kay Mattson, Andrea Kelsey, Supriya Mukherji, Aidan Cronin
Environmental and Occupational Health Faculty Publications
Handwashing with soap is recognized as a cost-effective intervention to reduce morbidity and mortality associated with enteric and respiratory infections. This study analyzes rural Indonesian households’ hygiene behaviors and attitudes to examine how motivations for handwashing, locations of handwashing space in the household, and handwashing moments are associated with handwashing with soap as potential determinants of the behavior. The analysis was conducted using results from a UNICEF cross-sectional study of 1700 households in six districts across three provinces of Indonesia. A composite measure of handwashing with soap was developed that included self-reported handwashing, a handwashing demonstration, and observed handwashing materials ...