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873 full-text articles. Page 1 of 36.

Addressing Hydrocephaly In Viet Nam: A Plausible Prevention And Intervention Medical Support Program Proposal, Chelle McIntyre-Brewer 2018 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Addressing Hydrocephaly In Viet Nam: A Plausible Prevention And Intervention Medical Support Program Proposal, Chelle Mcintyre-Brewer

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Families affected by hydrocephalus in Viet Nam have few options for sustainable treatment for a myriad of reasons, primarily centering on barriers to care prevalent to minority, underserved, and economically disadvantaged populations. High morbidity and abandonment rates often result from these circumstances. An interdisciplinary examination of the factors contributing to causal concerns reveals unique cultural considerations, language and literacy barriers, ethnic and geographic differences, as well as economic and governmental issues greatly impacting patient outcome for this condition. The author contends that a program that addresses sociological concerns, along with the medical treatment of the patient, proffers the opportunity for ...


Qualitative Evaluation Of The Saleema Campaign To Eliminate Female Genital Mutilation And Cutting In Sudan., Andrea C Johnson, W Douglas Evans, Nicole Barrett, Howida Badri, Tamador Abdalla, Cody Donahue 2018 George Washington University

Qualitative Evaluation Of The Saleema Campaign To Eliminate Female Genital Mutilation And Cutting In Sudan., Andrea C Johnson, W Douglas Evans, Nicole Barrett, Howida Badri, Tamador Abdalla, Cody Donahue

Prevention and Community Health Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation and cutting (FGM/C, herein FGM) is a widespread and harmful practice. The Government developed a national campaign in Sudan, called Saleema, to change social norms discouraging FGM. Saleema translates to being "whole", healthy in body and mind, unharmed, intact, pristine, and untouched, in a God-given condition. An interim evaluation was conducted using focus groups among Sudanese adults. The primary aim was to explore perceptions of the Saleema poster exemplars and to assess if the desired themes were being communicated. Secondary aims were to understand more about participants' information sources, values, and suggestions for the campaign ...


Intellectual Property And Public Health – A White Paper, Ryan G. Vacca, Jim Chen, Jay Dratler Jr., Tom Folsom, Timothy Hall, Yaniv Heled, Frank Pasquale, Elizabeth Reilly, Jeff Samuels, Kathy Strandburg, Kara Swanson, Andrew Torrance, Katharine Van Tassel 2018 University of Akron School of Law

Intellectual Property And Public Health – A White Paper, Ryan G. Vacca, Jim Chen, Jay Dratler Jr., Tom Folsom, Timothy Hall, Yaniv Heled, Frank Pasquale, Elizabeth Reilly, Jeff Samuels, Kathy Strandburg, Kara Swanson, Andrew Torrance, Katharine Van Tassel

Katharine Van Tassel

On October 26, 2012, the University of Akron School of Law’s Center for Intellectual Property and Technology hosted its Sixth Annual IP Scholars Forum. In attendance were thirteen legal scholars with expertise and an interest in IP and public health who met to discuss problems and potential solutions at the intersection of these fields. This report summarizes this discussion by describing the problems raised, areas of agreement and disagreement between the participants, suggestions and solutions made by participants and the subsequent evaluations of these suggestions and solutions.

Led by the moderator, participants at the Forum focused generally on three ...


When Should Naloxone Be Administered To The Undifferentiated Unresponsive Person?, Ira Nemeth, Andrew Macpherson, Richard N. Bradley 2018 Umass Memorial Medical Center

When Should Naloxone Be Administered To The Undifferentiated Unresponsive Person?, Ira Nemeth, Andrew Macpherson, Richard N. Bradley

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Challenges Of Refugee Health Care: Perspectives Of Medical Interpreters, Case Managers, And Pharmacists, Fabiana Kotovicz, Anne Getzin, Thy Vo 2018 Aurora Health Care; University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Challenges Of Refugee Health Care: Perspectives Of Medical Interpreters, Case Managers, And Pharmacists, Fabiana Kotovicz, Anne Getzin, Thy Vo

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Our objective was to identify perceived challenges in the provision of health care for refugees from the perspective of medical interpreters, case managers, and pharmacists working with refugee patients in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Methods: Two 60-minute focus groups were performed exploring challenges in refugee health care using a literature-based semi-structured protocol. Focus groups were transcribed and de-identified prior to independent analysis by two of the investigators. Using a memoing-process qualitative approach, major concepts, cross-cutting themes, and subthemes were established and ultimately developed a narrative. The project protocol was approved as not human subject research by the local institutional review board ...


Youth Paying For Sex: What Are The Associated Factors? Findings From A Cross-Sectional Study In Cambodia, Soaman Dizechi, Carinne M. Brody, Sovannary Tuot, Chhorvann Chhea, Vonthanak Saphonn, Kunthearith Yung, Siyan Yi 2018 Touro University California

Youth Paying For Sex: What Are The Associated Factors? Findings From A Cross-Sectional Study In Cambodia, Soaman Dizechi, Carinne M. Brody, Sovannary Tuot, Chhorvann Chhea, Vonthanak Saphonn, Kunthearith Yung, Siyan Yi

College of Education & Health Sciences (TUC) Publications and Research

BACKGROUND: At-risk male youth in Cambodia who purchase sex are at greater risk for HIV compared to the general population. Factors associated with paying for sex among youth are poorly studied, both globally and in Cambodia. This study aimed to identify specific factors associated with transactional sex with women among most-at-risk male youth in Cambodia.

METHODS: This cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted with 405 sexually active male youth aged 16-24 recruited at 'hotspots' in the capital city of Phnom Penh and seven provinces. We collected data on demographic factors, sexual behaviors, HIV testing and other potential factors. Multivariable logistic regression ...


Characterizing Performance Improvement In Primary Care Systems In Mesoamerica: A Realist Evaluation Protocol [Version 1; Referees: 1 Approved], Wolfgang Munar 2018 George Washington University

Characterizing Performance Improvement In Primary Care Systems In Mesoamerica: A Realist Evaluation Protocol [Version 1; Referees: 1 Approved], Wolfgang Munar

Global Health Faculty Publications

Background. Improving performance of primary care systems in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) may be a necessary condition for achievement of universal health coverage in the age of Sustainable Development Goals. The Salud Mesoamerica Initiative (SMI), a large-scale, multi-country program that uses supply-side financial incentives directed at the central-level of governments, and continuous, external evaluation of public, health sector performance to induce improvements in primary care performance in eight LMICs. This study protocol seeks to explain whether and how these interventions generate program effects in El Salvador and Honduras.

Methods. This study presents the protocol for a study that uses ...


Evaluation Of Behavior Change Communication Campaigns To Promote Modern Cookstove Purchase And Use In Lower Middle Income Countries, W. Douglas Evans, Michael Johnson, Kirstie Jagoe, Dana Charron, A.S.M. Mashiur Rahman, Daniel Omolloh, Julie Ipe 2018 George Washington University

Evaluation Of Behavior Change Communication Campaigns To Promote Modern Cookstove Purchase And Use In Lower Middle Income Countries, W. Douglas Evans, Michael Johnson, Kirstie Jagoe, Dana Charron, A.S.M. Mashiur Rahman, Daniel Omolloh, Julie Ipe

Global Health Faculty Publications

Nearly three billion people worldwide burn solid fuels and kerosene in open fires and inefficient stoves to cook, light, and heat their homes. Cleaner-burning stoves reduce emissions and can have positive health, climate, and women’s empowerment benefits. This article reports on the protocol and baseline data from the evaluation of four behavior change communication (BCC) campaigns carried out in lower to middle income countries aimed at promoting the sale and use of cleaner-burning stoves. Interventions implemented in Bangladesh, Kenya, and Nigeria are using a range of BCC methods including mass media, digital media, outdoor advertising, and inter-personal communication. The ...


Modeling The Relationship Between Women’S Perceptions And Future Intention To Use Institutional Maternity Care In The Western Highlands Of Guatemala, Emily Peca, John Sandberg 2018 George Washington University

Modeling The Relationship Between Women’S Perceptions And Future Intention To Use Institutional Maternity Care In The Western Highlands Of Guatemala, Emily Peca, John Sandberg

Global Health Faculty Publications

Background

Despite global gains, women in hard-to-reach areas are at a relatively higher risk of death and disability related to childbirth. Traditional methods of measuring satisfaction may mask negative experiences (such as disrespect and abuse) that can drive down demand for institutional care. Better measurement of women’s perceptions of care quality, especially among marginalized populations with historically low utilization of institutional care, are needed to inform how to improve services and foster greater utilization of (potentially life-saving) clinical care.

Methods

A population-based household survey was conducted in 15 purposively selected villages in the rural Western Highlands of Guatemala among ...


Rwanda: Hiv/Aids, Alissa Anderson 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Rwanda: Hiv/Aids, Alissa Anderson

Global Public Health

Rwanda is a small country in Africa. Rwanda has had many conflicts within its borders with wars, genocide, and disease. One of Rwanda’s current threats is HIV/AIDS. This disease is spreading through its population, and making it easier for other diseases; such as hepatitis and tuberculosis, to spread as well. Rwanda is a country that is putting into effect many efforts to decrease its HIV/AIDS population by means of education, campaigns, and treatments regarding the disease. In this article, I use peer reviewed and reliable articles to show the past and current issues that Rwanda has to ...


Guinea-Bissau: Hiv/Aids, Matt MacArthur 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Guinea-Bissau: Hiv/Aids, Matt Macarthur

Global Public Health

This public health brief investigates the concern of HIV/AIDS in Guinea-Bissau. Guinea-Bissau is a low-income country run by a semi-presidential government. The government has been very unstable since its formation. A variety of internal conflicts have limited the effectiveness of the government. As a result, there is little money to provide proper treatment for individuals with HIV/AIDS. It is important to get tested for this condition as soon as symptoms occur, but due to limited resources that is not always possible. Guinea-Bissau has a very high fertility rate compared to other countries worldwide, this allows for a high ...


Russian Federation: Alcoholism, Hannah Vercellotti 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Russian Federation: Alcoholism, Hannah Vercellotti

Global Public Health

The Russian Federation, better known as Russia, is the largest nation in the world. While the country faces numerous internal and external challenges, one of the most prevalent public health issues is alcoholism and excessive alcohol use. This is particularly concerning since, in addition to direct mortalities, alcoholism leads to Russia’s leading cause of death, coronary heart disease. The research compiled in this brief examines general information about the country, a few common public health issues faced, basic epidemiology, and previous interventions targeted at reducing alcoholism and excessive alcohol use. The project then proposes a future intervention aimed at ...


Panama: Ischemic Heart Disease, Alexander R. Ligeza 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Panama: Ischemic Heart Disease, Alexander R. Ligeza

Global Public Health

This public health brief draws attention to the issue of ischemic heart disease that is currently plaguing Panama. Due largely to the dietary culture of the country, ischemic heart disease remains the number one health-related killer of Panamanians. Over the past few decades, there has been a stark increase in the amount of processed foods that are becoming a large part of the diets of western nations, and Panama has become no stranger to this trend. Although there have been great strides made in the treatment of ischemic heart disease, Panama still has a long road ahead of itself before ...


Northern Mariana Islands: Hepatitis B, Dennis Thornton 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Northern Mariana Islands: Hepatitis B, Dennis Thornton

Global Public Health

The Northern Mariana Islands consists of a group of Islands in the Pacific Ocean that are a United States commonwealth, meaning that they are technically a part of the United States and follow our government, which is a constitutional republic. This string of islands has had a problem with Hepatitis B in the past. This is a problem for all genders, and all ages, but is most common among drug users, diabetics, and individuals who engage in sexual acts with multiple partners. This illness attacks a person's bloodstream and can be serious enough to cause liver failure and extreme ...


Somalia: Rift Valley Fever, Alyson Meeks 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Somalia: Rift Valley Fever, Alyson Meeks

Global Public Health

This walks readers through the basic demographics of Somalia, a country located in the horn of Africa. After learning about the government in Somalia and the problems that the people of the country face, this focuses on the problem of Rift Valley Fever. Rift Valley Fever is a virus that year after year strikes Somalia and surrounding countries. Weather patterns seem to help predict when Rift Valley Fever will be at the highest risk for an outbreak. This outlines the steps the current government and people are trying to take to help prevent outbreaks of RVF. But the solutions currently ...


Reducing Stigma Among Healthcare Providers To Improve Mental Health Services (Reshape): Protocol For A Pilot Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial Of A Stigma Reduction Intervention For Training Primary Healthcare Workers In Nepal., Brandon A Kohrt, Mark J D Jordans, Elizabeth L Turner, Kathleen J Sikkema, Nagendra P Luitel, Sauharda Rai, Daisy R Singla, Jagannath Lamichhane, Crick Lund, Vikram Patel 2018 George Washington University

Reducing Stigma Among Healthcare Providers To Improve Mental Health Services (Reshape): Protocol For A Pilot Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial Of A Stigma Reduction Intervention For Training Primary Healthcare Workers In Nepal., Brandon A Kohrt, Mark J D Jordans, Elizabeth L Turner, Kathleen J Sikkema, Nagendra P Luitel, Sauharda Rai, Daisy R Singla, Jagannath Lamichhane, Crick Lund, Vikram Patel

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Faculty Publications

Background

Non-specialist healthcare providers, including primary and community healthcare workers, in low- and middle-income countries can effectively treat mental illness. However, scaling-up mental health services within existing health systems has been limited by barriers such as stigma against people with mental illness. Therefore, interventions are needed to address attitudes and behaviors among non-specialists. Aimed at addressing this gap, REducing Stigma among HealthcAre Providers to ImprovE mental health services (RESHAPE) is an intervention in which social contact with mental health service users is added to training for non-specialist healthcare workers integrating mental health services ...


Simulations For Designing And Interpreting Intervention Trials In Infectious Diseases., M Elizabeth Halloran, Kari Auranen, Sarah Baird, Nicole E Basta, Steven E Bellan, +several additional authors 2017 George Washington University

Simulations For Designing And Interpreting Intervention Trials In Infectious Diseases., M Elizabeth Halloran, Kari Auranen, Sarah Baird, Nicole E Basta, Steven E Bellan, +Several Additional Authors

Global Health Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Interventions in infectious diseases can have both direct effects on individuals who receive the intervention as well as indirect effects in the population. In addition, intervention combinations can have complex interactions at the population level, which are often difficult to adequately assess with standard study designs and analytical methods.

DISCUSSION: Herein, we urge the adoption of a new paradigm for the design and interpretation of intervention trials in infectious diseases, particularly with regard to emerging infectious diseases, one that more accurately reflects the dynamics of the transmission process. In an increasingly complex world, simulations can explicitly represent transmission dynamics ...


The Integration Of Traditional And Modern Medicine In Uganda, Rylee McDermott 2017 Iowa State University

The Integration Of Traditional And Modern Medicine In Uganda, Rylee Mcdermott

Honors Projects and Posters

The medicinal practices around the world are inconsistent in treatment, especially in developing countries, such as Uganda. In the district of Kamuli, Uganda, stark differences in treatment exist from one health center and hospital to another, integrating traditional medical practices (TM), often herbal, and modern, Westernized practices (WM). The purpose of this study was to compile commonly used TM used in Uganda, compare how they are integrated or replacements for WM, and analyze the benefits and drawbacks of these practices towards the safety and health of Ugandan patients. A systematic review of peer-reviewed articles on a PubMed and Google Scholar ...


Factors Affecting Clean And Safe Water Availability In Butansi And Namasagali Sub-Counties Of Uganda, Sydney Beaurivage 2017 Iowa State University

Factors Affecting Clean And Safe Water Availability In Butansi And Namasagali Sub-Counties Of Uganda, Sydney Beaurivage

Honors Projects and Posters

Boreholes are the only source of water for many residents of the Kamuli district of Uganda. They are the safest form of water for almost all residents of Kamuli. Iowa State University – Uganda Program (ISU-UP), a local non-profit has installed 18 boreholes in different communities in the Kamuli district. While boreholes are critical for life, information about their success is required for appropriate monitoring and evaluation. The objective of this research was to survey community members to better understand the number of residents using the boreholes as their primary water source, their uses of the boreholes and what prevents them ...


Impact Of Trust On Global Health And Global Radiology Initiatives, Nathalie Duchesne, Margaret Graham 2017 CHU de Québec

Impact Of Trust On Global Health And Global Radiology Initiatives, Nathalie Duchesne, Margaret Graham

Journal of Global Radiology

This editorial discusses how the best way to improve implementation and sustainability of humanitarian missions, including those of global imaging, is to employ the currency of the new economy: trust.


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