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Levels Of Physical Dependence On Tobacco Among Adolescent Smokers In Cyprus, Costas A. Christophi, Despina Pampaka, Martha Paisi, Solonas Ioannou, Joseph R. DiFranza 2016 Harvard School of Public Health

Levels Of Physical Dependence On Tobacco Among Adolescent Smokers In Cyprus, Costas A. Christophi, Despina Pampaka, Martha Paisi, Solonas Ioannou, Joseph R. Difranza

Open Access Articles

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess tobacco dependence among Cypriot adolescents and examine its association to cigarette consumption and attitudes towards smoking.

METHODS: The current study used cross-sectional data from the 2011 Cyprus Global Youth Tobacco Survey which adopted multistage cluster sampling methods to select adolescents registered in middle and high schools in Cyprus. Tobacco use, physical dependence on tobacco, and attitudes towards tobacco use were measured in 187 adolescents aged 13-18years old who reported that they had smoked at least once in the preceding 30 days. Physical dependence was assessed using the Levels of Physical Dependence ...


Partnerships For Change: A Collaboration For Global Wellbeing, Ravneet Gill 2016 University of San Francisco

Partnerships For Change: A Collaboration For Global Wellbeing, Ravneet Gill

Master's Projects

Partnerships For change (PFC) consists of a team of social impact strategists and practitioners. The organization is dedicated to promote sustainable development through direct humanitarian action and transforming social and economic conditions of underserved communities around the globe. With the commitment to elevate and empower individuals to reach their ultimate potential, PFC partnered with Jaipur foot, world's largest organization for prosthetic devices, to network Jaipur Foot to innovators and funders. They have also started the building of a health clinic in Johnsonville, Liberia due to inadequate medical support for individuals living in the community. There are several steps in ...


Improving Data Collection To Reduce Maternal And Infant Mortality And Morbidity In Malawi: Evaluating Chimwemwe Mu'bereki, A Community Based Intervention, Alexandra E. H. Jones 2016 University of San Francisco

Improving Data Collection To Reduce Maternal And Infant Mortality And Morbidity In Malawi: Evaluating Chimwemwe Mu'bereki, A Community Based Intervention, Alexandra E. H. Jones

Master's Projects

Maternal and infant death rates in Malawi are among the highest in the world. Over 17 million people live in this small country in sub-Saharan Africa, where the country’s life expectancy is just 60.6 years (World Bank, 2015). These deaths can be attributed to many complex factors, including cultural practices, lack of adequate medical equipment, long travel distances to health facilities, low staffing at hospitals and clinics, extreme poverty, and malnutrition. Without government support and intervention, community groups must fill in the gaps to make needed improvements to maternal and infant health outcomes. African Mothers Health Initiative (AMHI ...


Planetary Health: Report On The 7th Annual Global Health Conference, Lucille B. Pilling EdD,MPH,RN 2016 Jefferson College of Population Health

Planetary Health: Report On The 7th Annual Global Health Conference, Lucille B. Pilling Edd,Mph,Rn

Population Health Matters (Formerly Health Policy Newsletter)

No abstract provided.


Stigmatization Fo Hiv/Aids: A Cross-Cultural Analysis, Jamie Doctrow 2016 Western Kentucky University

Stigmatization Fo Hiv/Aids: A Cross-Cultural Analysis, Jamie Doctrow

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the cause of a public health epidemic that has impacted millions of individuals worldwide. Though medical advances have decreased the number of AIDS related deaths by 42% since the peak year of 2004 (UNAIDS, 2015), many individuals with HIV/AIDS are unaware of their status and are not currently receiving antiretroviral treatment. Many experts have suggested that a significant barrier to HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment is the social stigma that has become attached to the disease. No single cause of this stigmatization has been identified, but a variety of influences may play a ...


Association Of Common Mental Disorder Symptoms With Health And Healthcare Factors Among Women In Rural Western India: Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Nancy Byatt, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jagdish Vankar, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Somashekhar Nimbalkar 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Association Of Common Mental Disorder Symptoms With Health And Healthcare Factors Among Women In Rural Western India: Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Nancy Byatt, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jagdish Vankar, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Somashekhar Nimbalkar

Tiffany A. Moore Simas

OBJECTIVES: Information about common mental disorders (CMD) is needed to guide policy and clinical interventions in low-income and middle-income countries. This study's purpose was to characterise the association of CMD symptoms with 3 inter-related health and healthcare factors among women from rural western India based on a representative, cross-sectional survey.

SETTING: Surveys were conducted in the waiting area of various outpatient clinics at a tertiary care hospital and in 16 rural villages in the Anand district of Gujarat, India.

PARTICIPANTS: 700 Gujarati-speaking women between the ages of 18-45 years who resided in the Anand district of Gujarat, India, were ...


Association Of Common Mental Disorder Symptoms With Health And Healthcare Factors Among Women In Rural Western India: Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Nancy Byatt, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jagdish Vankar, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Somashekhar Nimbalkar 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Association Of Common Mental Disorder Symptoms With Health And Healthcare Factors Among Women In Rural Western India: Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Nancy Byatt, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jagdish Vankar, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Somashekhar Nimbalkar

Jeroan J. Allison

OBJECTIVES: Information about common mental disorders (CMD) is needed to guide policy and clinical interventions in low-income and middle-income countries. This study's purpose was to characterise the association of CMD symptoms with 3 inter-related health and healthcare factors among women from rural western India based on a representative, cross-sectional survey.

SETTING: Surveys were conducted in the waiting area of various outpatient clinics at a tertiary care hospital and in 16 rural villages in the Anand district of Gujarat, India.

PARTICIPANTS: 700 Gujarati-speaking women between the ages of 18-45 years who resided in the Anand district of Gujarat, India, were ...


Association Of Common Mental Disorder Symptoms With Health And Healthcare Factors Among Women In Rural Western India: Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Nancy Byatt, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jagdish Vankar, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Somashekhar Nimbalkar 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Association Of Common Mental Disorder Symptoms With Health And Healthcare Factors Among Women In Rural Western India: Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Nancy Byatt, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jagdish Vankar, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Somashekhar Nimbalkar

Nancy Byatt

OBJECTIVES: Information about common mental disorders (CMD) is needed to guide policy and clinical interventions in low-income and middle-income countries. This study's purpose was to characterise the association of CMD symptoms with 3 inter-related health and healthcare factors among women from rural western India based on a representative, cross-sectional survey.

SETTING: Surveys were conducted in the waiting area of various outpatient clinics at a tertiary care hospital and in 16 rural villages in the Anand district of Gujarat, India.

PARTICIPANTS: 700 Gujarati-speaking women between the ages of 18-45 years who resided in the Anand district of Gujarat, India, were ...


Cardiovascular Health Awareness And The Effect Of An Educational Intervention On School-Aged Children In A Rural District Of India, Madhab Ray, Santanu Guha, Meghna Ray, Anita Kundu, Bipasha Ray, Kaushik Kundu, Santanu Goswami, Deepak Bhatt, Harry P. Selker, Robert J. Goldberg 2016 Tufts University

Cardiovascular Health Awareness And The Effect Of An Educational Intervention On School-Aged Children In A Rural District Of India, Madhab Ray, Santanu Guha, Meghna Ray, Anita Kundu, Bipasha Ray, Kaushik Kundu, Santanu Goswami, Deepak Bhatt, Harry P. Selker, Robert J. Goldberg

Robert J. Goldberg

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: India is the second most populous country in the world and two-thirds of its population is less than 35 years old. This survey was conducted to assess the level of health awareness of cardiovascular disease in adolescent school-aged children 14-16 years old, with the goal of establishing school-based health education and development of heart-healthy lifestyle practices.

METHODS: A school-based survey was conducted in the rural district of West Midnapore, India between June and July of 2014. This involved a pre-evaluation of cardiovascular disease (CVD) health awareness, a short presentation on CVD, and a post-evaluation of CVD health ...


The Rivas Cohort Study: Design And Baseline Characteristics Of A Nicaraguan Cohort, Madeline Fiore, Amos Lichtman, Keriann Nobil, Louis Fiore 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Rivas Cohort Study: Design And Baseline Characteristics Of A Nicaraguan Cohort, Madeline Fiore, Amos Lichtman, Keriann Nobil, Louis Fiore

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: A lack of advanced healthcare information systems and validated scientific cohorts in Nicaragua makes it difficult to estimate disease prevalences and other public health statistics. Although there is concern of an "epidemic" of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in this country, statistics regarding its magnitude are derived from only a small number of non-representative studies. Budgetary constraints and the logistical problems of maintaining a study cohort make longitudinal studies difficult. The Rivas Cohort was created to measure disease burden of CKD and other public health priorities in the Department of Rivas, Nicaragua. Using primarily volunteer research students and technologic innovation ...


Retention Of Mothers And Infants In The Prevention Of Mother-To-Child Transmission Of Hiv Programme Is Associated With Individual And Facility-Level Factors In Rwanda., Godfrey B Woelk, Dieudonne Ndatimana, Sally Behan, Martha Mukaminega, Epiphanie Nyirabahizi, Heather J. Hoffman, Placidie Mugwaneza, Muhayimpundu Ribakare, Anouk Amzel, B Ryan Phelps 2016 George Washington University

Retention Of Mothers And Infants In The Prevention Of Mother-To-Child Transmission Of Hiv Programme Is Associated With Individual And Facility-Level Factors In Rwanda., Godfrey B Woelk, Dieudonne Ndatimana, Sally Behan, Martha Mukaminega, Epiphanie Nyirabahizi, Heather J. Hoffman, Placidie Mugwaneza, Muhayimpundu Ribakare, Anouk Amzel, B Ryan Phelps

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Faculty Publications

OBJECTIVES: Investigate levels of retention at specified time periods along the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) cascade among mother-infant pairs as well as individual- and facility-level factors associated with retention.

METHODS: A retrospective cohort of HIV-positive pregnant women and their infants attending five health centres from November 2010 to February 2012 in the Option B programme in Rwanda was established. Data were collected from several health registers and patient follow-up files. Additionally, informant interviews were conducted to ascertain health facility characteristics. Generalized estimating equation methods and modelling were utilized to estimate the number of mothers attending each antenatal care visit ...


Association Of Common Mental Disorder Symptoms With Health And Healthcare Factors Among Women In Rural Western India: Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Nancy Byatt, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jagdish Vankar, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Somashekhar Nimbalkar 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Association Of Common Mental Disorder Symptoms With Health And Healthcare Factors Among Women In Rural Western India: Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Nancy Byatt, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jagdish Vankar, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Somashekhar Nimbalkar

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

OBJECTIVES: Information about common mental disorders (CMD) is needed to guide policy and clinical interventions in low-income and middle-income countries. This study's purpose was to characterise the association of CMD symptoms with 3 inter-related health and healthcare factors among women from rural western India based on a representative, cross-sectional survey.

SETTING: Surveys were conducted in the waiting area of various outpatient clinics at a tertiary care hospital and in 16 rural villages in the Anand district of Gujarat, India.

PARTICIPANTS: 700 Gujarati-speaking women between the ages of 18-45 years who resided in the Anand district of Gujarat, India, were ...


Estimating Indoor Pm2.5 And Co Concentrations In Households In Southern Nepal: The Nepal Cookstove Intervention Trials, C. Chen, S. Zeger, P. Breysse, J. Katz, W. Checkley, F. Curriero, James Tielsch 2016 George Washington University

Estimating Indoor Pm2.5 And Co Concentrations In Households In Southern Nepal: The Nepal Cookstove Intervention Trials, C. Chen, S. Zeger, P. Breysse, J. Katz, W. Checkley, F. Curriero, James Tielsch

Global Health Faculty Publications

High concentrations of household air pollution (HAP) due to biomass fuel usage with unvented, insufficient combustion devices are thought to be an important health risk factor in South Asia population. To better characterize the indoor concentrations of particulate matter (PM2.5) and carbon monoxide (CO), and to understand their impact on health in rural southern Nepal, this study analyzed daily monitoring data collected with DataRAM pDR-1000 and LASCAR CO data logger in 2980 households using traditional biomass cookstove indoor through the Nepal Cookstove Intervention Trial–Phase I between March 2010 and October 2011. Daily average PM2.5 and CO concentrations ...


A Sustainable Approach To Health Systems Strengthening In Developing Countries: Lessons From The Ebola Crisis, Prince Tarnah 2016 SIT Graduate Institute

A Sustainable Approach To Health Systems Strengthening In Developing Countries: Lessons From The Ebola Crisis, Prince Tarnah

Capstone Collection

The research paper started with emphasizing the importance of health security as an issue of global concern under the UNDP theory of human security. The research then proceeded with a focus on the approaches to health systems strengthening and a reflection on lessons learned from the Ebola virus outbreak to answer the question: How do we approach health systems strengthening (HSS) to achieve sustainable impact? Scholarly articles, and literature from other authoritative sources on health systems strengthening, like the World Health Organization (WHO) and the US Agency for International Development (USAID), were reviewed to determine a clear definition of HSS ...


Documento Faz Diferença.Pdf, Carlos Eduardo Siqueira, Gabriella BarretoSoares, Pedro L. Araújo Neto, Maria N. Tracy 2016 UMass Boston

Documento Faz Diferença.Pdf, Carlos Eduardo Siqueira, Gabriella Barretosoares, Pedro L. Araújo Neto, Maria N. Tracy

C. Eduardo Siqueira

Brazilian immigrants in the United States experience various social, labor, and health challenges. This study aimed to analyze the profile of female Brazilian domestic workers in Massachusetts, USA, through a description of their working conditions and sel-frated health. This was a cross-sectional study of 198 domestic workers in Massachusetts, recruited with “snowball” sampling. The instrument addressed participants’ demographic characteristics, work conditions, and self-rated health. Data were analyzed with SPSS 21.0. Among the interviewees, 95.5% were women, 62.1% were 30 to 49 years of age, and 55.6% were undocumented. Documented and undocumented participants showed statistically significant differences ...


Barriers And Facilitators To Cervical Cancer Screening Among Iraqi Refugees Resettled In Philadelphia: A Qualitative Analysis Of Patient And Provider Perceptions, Colleen Payton, MPH, CHES, Laura Parente, MD, Dalea Al-Hawarri, MD, Philip Manasseh, MPH, Kevin Scott, MD, Marc Altshuler, MD 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Barriers And Facilitators To Cervical Cancer Screening Among Iraqi Refugees Resettled In Philadelphia: A Qualitative Analysis Of Patient And Provider Perceptions, Colleen Payton, Mph, Ches, Laura Parente, Md, Dalea Al-Hawarri, Md, Philip Manasseh, Mph, Kevin Scott, Md, Marc Altshuler, Md

Department of Family & Community Medicine Lectures, Presentations, Workshops

Oral presentation at the 6th Annual North American Refugee Health Conference, Niagara Falls, New York.

Research Questions:

1. What is the prevalence of cervical cancer and cervical cancer screening among recently resettled refugees seen at Jefferson's Center for Refugee Health?

2. Are patient-and provider-identified barriers to cervical cancer screening at CRH consistent with those identified in previous research efforts?

3. What are patient-and provider identified facilitators to cervical cancer screening for Iraqi refugee women?


Validation Of The Waterpipe Tolerance Questionnaire Among Jordanian School-Going Adolescent Waterpipe Users, Sukaina Alzyoud, Sreenivas P. Veeranki, Khalid Kheriallah, Ali M. Shotar, Lori Pbert 2016 Hashemite University

Validation Of The Waterpipe Tolerance Questionnaire Among Jordanian School-Going Adolescent Waterpipe Users, Sukaina Alzyoud, Sreenivas P. Veeranki, Khalid Kheriallah, Ali M. Shotar, Lori Pbert

Lori Pbert

INTRODUCTION: Waterpipe use among adolescents has been increasing progressively. Yet no studies were reported to assess the validity and reliability of nicotine dependence scale. The current study aims to assess the validity and reliability of an Arabic version of the modified Waterpipe Tolerance Questionnaire WTQ among school-going adolescent waterpipe users.

METHODS: In a cross-sectional study conducted in Jordan, information on waterpipe use among 333 school-going adolescents aged 11-18 years was obtained using the Arabic version of the WTQ. An exploratory factor analysis and correlation matrices were conducted to assess validity and reliability of the WTQ.

RESULTS: The WTQ had a ...


A Generalized-Growth Model To Characterize The Early Ascending Phase Of Infectious Disease Outbreaks, Cecile Viboud, Lone Simonsen, Gerardo Chowell 2016 George Washington University

A Generalized-Growth Model To Characterize The Early Ascending Phase Of Infectious Disease Outbreaks, Cecile Viboud, Lone Simonsen, Gerardo Chowell

Global Health Faculty Publications

Background

A better characterization of the early growth dynamics of an epidemic is needed to dissect the important drivers of disease transmission, refine existing transmission models, and improve disease forecasts.

Materials and methods

We introduce a 2-parameter generalized-growth model to characterize the ascending phase of an outbreak and capture epidemic profiles ranging from sub-exponential to exponential growth. We test the model against empirical outbreak data representing a variety of viral pathogens in historic and contemporary populations, and provide simulations highlighting the importance of sub-exponential growth for forecasting purposes.

Results

We applied the generalized-growth model to 20 infectious disease outbreaks representing ...


After The Paris Agreement: How India Can Use Climate Financing To Implement A Sustainable Clean Cookstove Program, Hannah Kornfeld 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

After The Paris Agreement: How India Can Use Climate Financing To Implement A Sustainable Clean Cookstove Program, Hannah Kornfeld

Master's Theses and Project Reports

The burning of biomass for cooking purposes without proper ventilation and filters poses a massive health and climate risk. Health implications from exposure to household air pollution from this type of fuel impacts women and children in many developing countries, who spend many hours a day cooking and gathering fuel. Climate implications from burning solid biomass results in increased carbon dioxide and black carbon emissions, which contribute to global climate change. This thesis aims to explore the issues associated with biomass cookstoves in terms of both health and climate, and seeks to understand how a new national clean cookstove program ...


Neoliberalism Redux: The Global Health Policy Agenda And The Politics Of Cooptation In Latin America And Beyond .Pdf, Anne E. Birn, Laura Nervi, Carlos Eduardo Siqueira 2016 University of Toronto

Neoliberalism Redux: The Global Health Policy Agenda And The Politics Of Cooptation In Latin America And Beyond .Pdf, Anne E. Birn, Laura Nervi, Carlos Eduardo Siqueira

C. Eduardo Siqueira

This article explores the neoliberal cooptation of social justice-oriented
global health policies over the last three decades, from primary health care and ‘health for all’ to various contemporary so-called ‘health equity’ initiatives, such as Universal Health Coverage and ‘health convergence’. The authors illustrate and contextualize the different periods and approaches with examples from a range of Latin American countries, drawing on diverse political experiences and social struggles in the health arena. The analysis concludes with reflections about the region’s experiences of resisting and challenging the neoliberal health agenda, in spite of domestic and global environments that have constrained these ...


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