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923 full-text articles. Page 1 of 40.

Dynamics Of Visceral Leishmaniasis For Different Distributions Of Non-Adherence To The Treatment In The Population Of Bihar, India And Its Effect On Elimination, Mugdha Thakur 2018 Illinois State University

Dynamics Of Visceral Leishmaniasis For Different Distributions Of Non-Adherence To The Treatment In The Population Of Bihar, India And Its Effect On Elimination, Mugdha Thakur

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


The 7 Rights: An Active Reflection Tool To Develop Risk Awareness For Outdoor First Aid Education, Andrew Foran Dr., David Young Dr., Wendy L. Kraglund-Gauthier Dr., David Hubley, Blair Doyle, John Doucette, Ruth Amiro, Andrew B. Himmelan, Kevin Corbett, Melissa Hyson, Peter Redmond, Patrick O'Laughlin, Natalie Bakody Flinn, Aaron Neaves, Scott Hudson 2018 St. Francis Xavier University

The 7 Rights: An Active Reflection Tool To Develop Risk Awareness For Outdoor First Aid Education, Andrew Foran Dr., David Young Dr., Wendy L. Kraglund-Gauthier Dr., David Hubley, Blair Doyle, John Doucette, Ruth Amiro, Andrew B. Himmelan, Kevin Corbett, Melissa Hyson, Peter Redmond, Patrick O'Laughlin, Natalie Bakody Flinn, Aaron Neaves, Scott Hudson

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Revealing The Benefits Of Checklists For Preparing Projects And Research, Joanna Muise, Emily Oliver 2018 Canadian Red Cross

Revealing The Benefits Of Checklists For Preparing Projects And Research, Joanna Muise, Emily Oliver

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Breast Cancer Prevalence Among Patients Referred For Ultrasound-Guided Biopsy At Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya, Angeline Anyona Aywak, Timothy Musila Mutala, Purity Ndaiga, Callen Onyambu, Sughra Raza 2018 University of Nairobi

Breast Cancer Prevalence Among Patients Referred For Ultrasound-Guided Biopsy At Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya, Angeline Anyona Aywak, Timothy Musila Mutala, Purity Ndaiga, Callen Onyambu, Sughra Raza

Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: To establish the prevalence of cancer in patients referred for breast ultrasound-guided biopsy at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya.

Methods and Materials: A total number of 115 patients were included after approval from the local ethical review committee. The patients were referred by clinicians for ultrasound-guided biopsy for palpable breast lesions confirmed by imaging as solid masses. Detailed ultrasound examination per American College of Radiology (ACR) guidelines was performed before core biopsy or fine needle aspiration (FNA). Histological diagnosis was made and prevalence of cancer analyzed.

Results: Of the 115 patients, final histology was available for 112 lesions; two ...


Pulmonary Histoplasmosis In A Patient With Cough, Dyspnea, Pulmonary Nodule And Rheumatologic Manifestations: Case Report And Review, Johnson Britto 2018 St. Elizabeth Physicians, Infectious Disease, Crestview Hills, KY, USA

Pulmonary Histoplasmosis In A Patient With Cough, Dyspnea, Pulmonary Nodule And Rheumatologic Manifestations: Case Report And Review, Johnson Britto

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

In this case report we describe a case of pulmonary histoplasmosis in a healthy adult female living in Kentucky. The patient presented with two months history of poly-arthralgia and myalgia, intermittent dry cough, chest tightness, exertional dyspnea, malaise, fatigue and one week history of skin rash. She did not respond to broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy and she also had extensive endocrine and rheumatologic work up that was negative. A diagnosis of histoplasmosis was established based on radiological findings as well as endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration cytology (EBUS-TBNA) of mediastinal lymph nodes demonstrating necrotizing granuloma with fungal stains positive for Histoplasma ...


A Continuum Of Disease From Community-Acquired Pneumonia To Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome, Julio A. Ramirez 2018 University of Louisville

A Continuum Of Disease From Community-Acquired Pneumonia To Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Characteristics And Clinical Outcomes Of Hospitalized Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia Who Are Active Intravenous Drug Users, Vidyulata Salunkhe, Paula Peyrani, Leslie A. Beavin, Stephen P. Furmanek, Julio A. Ramirez 2018 University of Louisville

Characteristics And Clinical Outcomes Of Hospitalized Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia Who Are Active Intravenous Drug Users, Vidyulata Salunkhe, Paula Peyrani, Leslie A. Beavin, Stephen P. Furmanek, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: Intravenous drug users (IVDU) have a 10-fold increased risk of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) compared to the general population. There is scarce data available evaluating the clinical outcomes of IVDU hospitalized patients with CAP and that data mostly focuses on mortality. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics, incidence and outcomes of hospitalized patients with CAP in active intravenous drug users in Louisville, Kentucky.

Methods: This was a secondary data analysis of the University of Louisville Pneumonia study. IVDU patients were propensity score matched to a non-IVDU group. Study outcomes were time to clinical stability (TCS ...


Pulmonary Aspergillosis: A Review On Diagnosis And Management, Bilal A. Jalil, Juan M. Galvis, Karim A. El Kersh, Mohamed Saad, Mostafa M. Fraig, Juan J. Guardiola II 2018 University of Louisville

Pulmonary Aspergillosis: A Review On Diagnosis And Management, Bilal A. Jalil, Juan M. Galvis, Karim A. El Kersh, Mohamed Saad, Mostafa M. Fraig, Juan J. Guardiola Ii

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Aspergillosis is acquired by inhalation of spores of Aspergillus, a ubiquitous species in the environment. In normal hosts, spore inhalation rarely causes lung disease.

Pulmonary aspergillosis covers a wide spectrum of clinical syndromes depending on the interaction between Aspergillus and the host (immune-status, prior bronchopulmonary disease). It runs the gamut from invasive aspergillosis to Aspergillus bronchitis and colonization.

Invasive aspergillosis occurs in severely immunocompromised patients, typically with neutropenia. Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis affects patients with chronic structural lung disease such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, mycobacterial lung disease, but without significant immunocompromise. Aspergillus bronchitis affects patients with bronchial disease such as ...


Lemierre’S Syndrome, A Case Report And Review Of Literature., Casmiar I. Nwaigwe, Jason Greenwood 2018 university of north dakota

Lemierre’S Syndrome, A Case Report And Review Of Literature., Casmiar I. Nwaigwe, Jason Greenwood

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Lemierre’s syndrome is a suppurative thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein. In this paper we describe a case of severe Lemierre’s syndrome in a healthy 18 year-old woman. She initially presented with sore throat, and failed outpatient antibiotic therapy. She quickly progressed to septic shock, internal jugular vein septic thrombophlebitis, septic pulmonary emboli, empyema and respiratory failure. Successful treatment included intravenous antibiotics and thoracotomy. It is a rare disease that has been kept at bay with the widespread use of antibiotics for upper respiratory infections. However in recent years there seems to be an increase in number of ...


Ascertainment Of The Estimated Excess Mortality From Hurricane Maria In Puerto Rico, Carlos Santos-Burgoa, Ann Goldman, Elizabeth Andrade, Nicole Barrett, Uriyoan Colon-Ramos, Mark Edberg, Alejandra Garcia-Meza, Lynn Goldman, Amira Roess, John Sandberg, Scott Zeger 2018 George Washington University

Ascertainment Of The Estimated Excess Mortality From Hurricane Maria In Puerto Rico, Carlos Santos-Burgoa, Ann Goldman, Elizabeth Andrade, Nicole Barrett, Uriyoan Colon-Ramos, Mark Edberg, Alejandra Garcia-Meza, Lynn Goldman, Amira Roess, John Sandberg, Scott Zeger

Global Health Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Both Maternal And Paternal Risk Factors For Term Singleton Low Birthweight Infants In Rural Chinese Population: A Population-Based, Retrospective Cohort Study, Shi Chen, Bill Q. Lian, Hui Pan 2018 Peking Union Medical College

Both Maternal And Paternal Risk Factors For Term Singleton Low Birthweight Infants In Rural Chinese Population: A Population-Based, Retrospective Cohort Study, Shi Chen, Bill Q. Lian, Hui Pan

Open Access Articles

No large population-based study has focused on both maternal paternal risk factors for low birthweight (LBW) in China. We aimed to identify parental risk factors associated with LBW. A population-based, retrospective cohort study was conducted on 202,725 singleton infants at 37-42 weeks. These term singleton newborns were classified as LBW with birthweight < /=2500 g(TLBW) and normal birthweight between 50(th) to 97(th) percentile (TNBW 50(th)-97(th)) according to Chinese singleton norms. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to find those parental risk factors of LBW by comparing two groups. TLBW and TNBW(50(th)-97(th)) occupied 4.8% and 70.8% of the study population, respectively. Logistic regression showed a significant association with positive maternal hepatitis B surface antigen (RR = 1.979, P = 0.047), irregular folic acid intake (RR = 1.152, P = 0.003), paternal history of varicocele (RR = 2.404, P = 0.003) and female babies (RR = 1.072, P = 0.046). Maternal smoking, hypertension and history of stillbirth were found related to LBW but no statistically significant. Positive maternal hepatitis B surface antigen, irregular folic acid intake, paternal history of varicocele had a negative effect on birth weight. Measures are necessarily taken to avoid them to improve pregnancy outcomes. Further studies should be done to investigate each detailed risk factors on LBW.


“We Love The Way You Think” Winner: The Apple And The Mannequin, Emily Stang 2018 Kent State University

“We Love The Way You Think” Winner: The Apple And The Mannequin, Emily Stang

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Equipping First Aid Learners To Respond In Fragile Environments, Ellen Gordon, Thomas Wilp, Emily Oliver 2018 British Red Cross

Equipping First Aid Learners To Respond In Fragile Environments, Ellen Gordon, Thomas Wilp, Emily Oliver

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


A Case For Including Sepsis Identification In First Aid Education, Jeffrey L. Pellegrino 2018 Aultman College of Nursing & Health Sciences

A Case For Including Sepsis Identification In First Aid Education, Jeffrey L. Pellegrino

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Impact Of Timing Of Influenza Vaccination In Pregnancy On Transplacental Antibody Transfer, Influenza Incidence, And Birth Outcomes: A Randomized Trial In Rural Nepal., Joanne Katz, Janet A Englund, Mark C Steinhoff, Subarna K Khatry, Laxman Shrestha, Jane Kuypers, Luke C Mullany, Helen Y Chu, Steven C LeClerq, Naoko Kozuki, James M Tielsch 2018 George Washington University

Impact Of Timing Of Influenza Vaccination In Pregnancy On Transplacental Antibody Transfer, Influenza Incidence, And Birth Outcomes: A Randomized Trial In Rural Nepal., Joanne Katz, Janet A Englund, Mark C Steinhoff, Subarna K Khatry, Laxman Shrestha, Jane Kuypers, Luke C Mullany, Helen Y Chu, Steven C Leclerq, Naoko Kozuki, James M Tielsch

Global Health Faculty Publications

Background: Maternal influenza vaccination protects mothers and their infants in low resource settings, but little is known about whether the protection varies by gestational age at vaccination.

Methods: Women of childbearing age in rural southern Nepal were surveilled for pregnancy, consented and randomized to receive maternal influenza vaccination or placebo, with randomization stratified on gestational age (17-25 or 26-34 weeks). Enrollment occurred in 2 annual cohorts, and vaccinations occurred from April 2011 through September 2013.

Results: In sum, 3693 women consented and enrolled, resulting in 3646 live births. Although cord blood antibody titers and the rise in maternal titers were ...


Letter From The Editor, Jeffrey L. Pellegrino 2018 Aultman College of Nursing & Health Sciences

Letter From The Editor, Jeffrey L. Pellegrino

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Maximising The Global Health Impact Of Future Hiv Cure-Related Interventions Through Advance Planning, Regina Brown, Steven G. Deeks, Nir Eyal 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Maximising The Global Health Impact Of Future Hiv Cure-Related Interventions Through Advance Planning, Regina Brown, Steven G. Deeks, Nir Eyal

Open Access Articles

Thinking about public health impact should inform HIV curative investigations. Should an effective HIV cure or sustained viral remission intervention emerge from ongoing investigations, implementation strategies aimed at ensuring global access will be needed if these approaches are to be impactful, and planning accordingly makes sense now. Specifically, we discuss three key access barriers to future cure-related interventions: high cost of the strategy; non-financial challenges to procurement, distribution and point-of-care delivery; and non-adherence and the need for long-term monitoring. As we argue, plans and decision-making for overcoming each of these barriers will need to be developed in advance. An evaluation ...


High-Risk Advanced Maternal Age And High Parity Pregnancy: Tackling A Neglected Need Through Formative Research And Action., Khadidiatou Ndiaye, Erin Portillo, Dieneba Ouedraogo, Allison Mobley, Stella Babalola 2018 George Washington University

High-Risk Advanced Maternal Age And High Parity Pregnancy: Tackling A Neglected Need Through Formative Research And Action., Khadidiatou Ndiaye, Erin Portillo, Dieneba Ouedraogo, Allison Mobley, Stella Babalola

Global Health Faculty Publications

Pregnancy among women of advanced maternal age (those 35 years or older) or among women of high parity (those having had 5 or more births) is linked to maternal and infant mortality. Yet little is known about the drivers of these pregnancies as they are often neglected in existing family planning and reproductive health programs. To better understand the context in which advanced maternal age and high parity pregnancies occur and the acceptability of discussing associated pregnancy risks, the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3) conducted formative qualitative research between January and March 2015 on the perception and determinants of such ...


Sepsis: The Silent Killer We Should Be Stopping, Ron Daniels 2018 UK Sepsis Trust

Sepsis: The Silent Killer We Should Be Stopping, Ron Daniels

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Human Behavior Impacts On Health Care, Barbara W. Son, Carole South-Winter 2018 California State University, Los Angeles

Human Behavior Impacts On Health Care, Barbara W. Son, Carole South-Winter

Journal of International & Interdisciplinary Business Research

It is critical to understand human behavior in order to implement effective health-care policies for both developing and industrialized countries. Human behavior issues were studied in Ghana, with a developing economy, and South Korea, with a developed economy. From the survey research in Ghana in 2014, we learned that rural residents are heavily dependent on traditional health care. However, local community residents preferred to talk to medical doctors about their health care when accessible. We also looked into human behavior issues and the unique hospital culture in South Korea that contributed to the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) outbreak ...


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