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Melding Data Collection Methodology With Community Assistance: Benefits To Both Researchers And The Indigenous Groups They Study, Douglas S. London 2015 Adelphi University

Melding Data Collection Methodology With Community Assistance: Benefits To Both Researchers And The Indigenous Groups They Study, Douglas S. London

Journal of Ecological Anthropology

I present a description of a model of melding data collection with community aid in the form of health educator training that emerged in the process of research collaboration during 2009-2011 with the Kawymeno Waorani foragers of Amazonian Ecuador. Some guidelines are suggested as to how benefits to both parties might be achieved when collecting data with indigenous populations. In this article I describe some of the advantages and pitfalls of melding data collection and community aid with research when collaborating with vulnerable indigenous groups.


Book Review: Radiology In Global Health, Yogesh Jha, Ali M. Tahvildari 2015 Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders

Book Review: Radiology In Global Health, Yogesh Jha, Ali M. Tahvildari

The Journal of Global Radiology

This book review examines Mollura and Lungren’s (eds.) Radiology in Global Health: Strategies, Implementation, and Applications (2014). The contributors have attempted to investigate root causes for radiological service-related disparity that exists between prosperous economies and low- and middle-income countries. The book is clearly geared towards manufacturing consent among stakeholders through research-based evidence to amplify the role of radiology in global healthcare through initiation, implementation, amelioration, and developing sustainable solutions for rollout of essential diagnostic/therapeutic radiology services at population levels. This includes reducing access gaps for radiology/imaging services within industrialized countries as well.


Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography In 3 Tesla: 2d Mrcp Versus 3d Mrcp In Diagnostic Evaluation With Special Reference To Different Acquisition And Reconstruction Planes, Vikram Patil, Nayana Shabadi, Sudha Das, SMC Shetty, Kamal Sen 2015 JSS Medical College

Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography In 3 Tesla: 2d Mrcp Versus 3d Mrcp In Diagnostic Evaluation With Special Reference To Different Acquisition And Reconstruction Planes, Vikram Patil, Nayana Shabadi, Sudha Das, Smc Shetty, Kamal Sen

The Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is an established technique for the evaluation of intra- and extrahepatic bile ducts in patients with known or suspected hepatobiliary disease. However, the ideal acquisition and reconstruction plane for optimal bile duct evaluation with 3D technique has not been evaluated.The purpose of our study was to compare different acquisition and reconstruction planes of 3D MRCP for bile duct assessment.

Methods: 51 consecutive adult patients suspected to have pancreatico-biliary disease were examined with 3 Tesla (Philips 3 T Ingenia) system both a multi thin slice (3D) and a breath-hold (Single Shot) MRCP technique were performed ...


Implementing Diagnostic Imaging Services In A Rural Setting Of Extreme Poverty: Five Years Of X-Ray And Ultrasound Service Delivery In Achham, Nepal, Malina Filkins, Scott Halliday, Brock Daniels, Roshan Bista, Sudan Thapa, Ryan Schwarz, Dan Schwarz, Bikash Gauchan, Duncan Maru 2015 Partners HealthCare System

Implementing Diagnostic Imaging Services In A Rural Setting Of Extreme Poverty: Five Years Of X-Ray And Ultrasound Service Delivery In Achham, Nepal, Malina Filkins, Scott Halliday, Brock Daniels, Roshan Bista, Sudan Thapa, Ryan Schwarz, Dan Schwarz, Bikash Gauchan, Duncan Maru

The Journal of Global Radiology

Introduction: Diagnostic radiology services are severely lacking in many rural settings and the implementation of these services poses complex challenges. The purpose of this paper is to describe the implementation of diagnostic radiology services at a district-level hospital in Achham, a rural district in Nepal.

Methods and Materials: We conducted a retrospective review of the implementation of diagnostic radiology services. We compiled a list of implementation challenges and proposed solutions based on an internal review of historical data, hospital records, and the experiences of hospital staff members. We used a seven-domain analytic framework to structure our discussion of these challenges ...


Welcome To The Journal Of Global Radiology, Sarwat Hussain 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Welcome To The Journal Of Global Radiology, Sarwat Hussain

The Journal of Global Radiology

‘Global radiology’ is a new concept – a subspecialty of radiology that includes much more than diagnosticians and interventionists. It consists of an international community of individuals, groups and organizations working to improve access to and quality of medical imaging around the globe, and address universal shortages of equipment, infrastructure, trained personnel, education, and research opportunities in underdeveloped countries. Currently, articles on global radiology are scattered throughout various radiology journals. The Journal of Global Radiology (JGR), an open-access, peer-reviewed journal, seeks to counteract this fragmentation of information by publishing content pertaining exclusively to improving access to medical imaging on an international ...


Evaluation Of The Benefits And Risks Of Introducing Ebola Community Care Centers, Sierra Leone, Adam J. Kucharski, Anton Camacho, Francesco Checchi, Ronald J. Waldman, Rebecca F. Grais, Jean-Clement Cabrol, Sylvie Briand, Marc Baguelin, Stefan Flasche, Sebastian Funk, W. John Edmunds 2015 George Washington University

Evaluation Of The Benefits And Risks Of Introducing Ebola Community Care Centers, Sierra Leone, Adam J. Kucharski, Anton Camacho, Francesco Checchi, Ronald J. Waldman, Rebecca F. Grais, Jean-Clement Cabrol, Sylvie Briand, Marc Baguelin, Stefan Flasche, Sebastian Funk, W. John Edmunds

Global Health Faculty Publications

In some parts of western Africa, Ebola treatment centers (ETCs) have reached capacity. Unless capacity is rapidly scaled up, the chance to avoid a generalized Ebola epidemic will soon diminish. The World Health Organization and partners are considering additional Ebola patient care options, including community care centers (CCCs), small, lightly staffed units that could be used to isolate patients outside the home and get them into care sooner than otherwise possible. Using a transmission model, we evaluated the benefits and risks of introducing CCCs into Sierra Leone’s Western Area, where most ETCs are at capacity. We found that use ...


Bidirectional Global Health Education: The Rvcp-Jeff Health Exchange Program, Ellen J. Plumb MD, James D. Plumb MD, MPH, Komal S. Soin MD 2015 Thomas Jefferson University

Bidirectional Global Health Education: The Rvcp-Jeff Health Exchange Program, Ellen J. Plumb Md, James D. Plumb Md, Mph, Komal S. Soin Md

Population Health Matters (Formerly Health Policy Newsletter)

No abstract provided.


Cervical Cancer In Guatemala: Using Visual Inspection With Acetic Acid Screening To Reduce Incidence Of And Mortality From Cervical Cancer, Zachary Klock 2015 Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University

Cervical Cancer In Guatemala: Using Visual Inspection With Acetic Acid Screening To Reduce Incidence Of And Mortality From Cervical Cancer, Zachary Klock

CWiC-PH

Guatemala is a developing nation of nearly 16 million in Central America. Among the many health problems the nation suffers, cervical cancer remains a leading cause of cancer-related death. Cervical cancer, an easily detectable cancer, predominantly affects women in developing nations. Traditional cytology techniques have been used to screen women in the country for over 25 years, but less than 10% of the Guatemalan population is screened. The Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid (VIA) is a simple produce that uses acetic acid to visualize precancerous cervical lesions and has been proven to be more effective in resource-poor settings. The screening ...


Hernia Surgery In Rural Ghana, West Africa: Barriers To Health Care And Their Implications, Laura Traub 2015 Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Population Health College within a College 2017, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia PA

Hernia Surgery In Rural Ghana, West Africa: Barriers To Health Care And Their Implications, Laura Traub

CWiC-PH

The information presented is a the product of a six week international rotation at Volta Regional Hospital and Royal Hospital through Blue-Med Africa, a non-governmental organization based out of Ho, Ghana. The goal of the rotation was to obtain an understanding of healthcare in Ghana and identify the differences between surgical procedures in West Africa and the U.S.


Globally Minded, Locally Serving: Refugee Health In Philadelphia, Sarah Jamieson, Angelica Montes, Gretchen Shanfeld, MPH, Rickie Brawer, MPH, PhD, Caryn Johnson, MS, OTR/L, FAOTA, James D. Plumb, MD, MPH 2015 Thomas Jefferson University, Department of Occupational Therapy

Globally Minded, Locally Serving: Refugee Health In Philadelphia, Sarah Jamieson, Angelica Montes, Gretchen Shanfeld, Mph, Rickie Brawer, Mph, Phd, Caryn Johnson, Ms, Otr/L, Faota, James D. Plumb, Md, Mph

CWiC-PH

Introduction

A refugee is someone who is forced to leave their country of origin due to war, violence, or persecution. The United States is the world’s top resettlement country. Out of the 50 states, Pennsylvania is 5th in terms of the number of annually resettled refugees. Each year, Philadelphia resettles approximately 800 refugees. Bhutan, Burma, Iraq, Eritrea, Sudan, and Democratic Republic of Congo are the most frequent countries of origin in Philadelphia.


Health Care In Bolivia: A First Hand Experience, Sanchi Malhotra 2015 Jefferson Office of International Affairs

Health Care In Bolivia: A First Hand Experience, Sanchi Malhotra

CWiC-PH

This research project is based on a one month work experience in Cochabamba, Boliva through the NGO Sustainable Bolivia at Hosptial Viedma, a major public hospital and Centre de Salud Pacata, a rural outpatient health clinic. The information presented below is derived from both research and personal experience. This trip was partially funded by Jefferson Office of International Affairs with the goal of gaining experience and knowledge about the Bolivian health care system.


Evaluating And Responding To Medical Student Demand For Global Health Education, Angela Ugorets, BS, Maria Montano, MPH, Michael Cafarchio, MD, Daniel Becchi, BA, Annie Masterson, BA, Nithin Paul, BA, Ellen Plumb, MD 2015 Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University

Evaluating And Responding To Medical Student Demand For Global Health Education, Angela Ugorets, Bs, Maria Montano, Mph, Michael Cafarchio, Md, Daniel Becchi, Ba, Annie Masterson, Ba, Nithin Paul, Ba, Ellen Plumb, Md

CWiC-PH

Introduction

With the constant interchange of people and diseases across continents, “the separation between domestic and international health problems is no longer useful.” (1) Look no further than the 80,000 refugees currently resettled in the United States for proof that health is a global phenomenon. The medical community needs to respond to the changing global landscape by training future healthcare leaders to think and act globally.

Medical students across the U.S. recognize this need with 68% of U.S. allopathic medical schools having an active student global or international health interest group. (2) Unfortunately, training opportunities lag behind ...


Designs Of Two Randomized, Community-Based Trials To Assess The Impact Of Influenza Immunization During Pregnancy On Respiratory Illness Among Pregnant Women And Their Infants And Reproductive Outcomes In Rural Nepal, James M. Tielsch, Mark Steinhoff, Joanne Katz, Janet A. Englund, Jane Kuypers, Subarna K. Khatry, Laxman Shrestha, Steven C. LeClerq 2015 George Washington University

Designs Of Two Randomized, Community-Based Trials To Assess The Impact Of Influenza Immunization During Pregnancy On Respiratory Illness Among Pregnant Women And Their Infants And Reproductive Outcomes In Rural Nepal, James M. Tielsch, Mark Steinhoff, Joanne Katz, Janet A. Englund, Jane Kuypers, Subarna K. Khatry, Laxman Shrestha, Steven C. Leclerq

Global Health Faculty Publications

Background: Among the most important causes of illness and death in both pregnant women and their newborn infants are respiratory infections including influenza. Pregnant women in North America have a 4 to 5 fold excess rate of hospitalization compared to non-pregnant women. Rates of infant hospitalization associated with influenza are much higher than in their mothers. Fully half of children hospitalized for influenza in the US are in the age group 0–5 months, a group where no vaccine is licensed. Data on influenza are much fewer in low income countries where the risks of serious morbidity and mortality are ...


The Effect Of Peer Educators On Medication Adherence In Hiv Patients In Cochabamba, Bolivia, George Ru 2015 Office of International Affairs, Thomas Jefferson University; Office of Diversity and Inclusion Initiatives, Thomas Jefferson University; Vivo en Positivo

The Effect Of Peer Educators On Medication Adherence In Hiv Patients In Cochabamba, Bolivia, George Ru

CWiC-PH

BACKGROUND INFORMATION

  • Bolivia is the least developed country in South America, with high levels of poverty, poor access to safe water, and low economic activity. Bolivia’s GDP, in US dollars, in 2013 was $30.60 billion and the gross national income, per capita in US dollars was $2,550, which both rank either at or near the bottom of the list for all South American countries (7).
  • The Ministry of Health and Sports (MSD) is the national governing body responsible for formulating the strategy, policies, plans and programs in health. The Department of Health Services (SEDES) is the highest ...


Universal Healthcare: Costa Rica As A Model, Annie J. Ferris 2015 Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Philadelphia, PA

Universal Healthcare: Costa Rica As A Model, Annie J. Ferris

CWiC-PH

What it Looks Like in Costa Rica

  • Run by the Costa Rican Social Security Administration
  • Financed by employers, employees, and the Ministry of Health. Employer and employee contributions together make up over 90% of contributions.
  • Costa Rica is divided into 105 health areas, which are further divided up into primary care units called Basic Provision Units of Integrated Healthcare, or EBAIS. There are 947 of these primary care centers throughout Costa Rica, and everyone is assigned to one.
  • The EBAIS clinics provide a wide range of services to cover the general and specific health needs of the community, including primary ...


Alternative Income Generation For Kenyan Women: Preventing Prostitution And The Spread Of Hiv, Megan Elizabeth Lundy 2015 JMC MD Candidate

Alternative Income Generation For Kenyan Women: Preventing Prostitution And The Spread Of Hiv, Megan Elizabeth Lundy

CWiC-PH

HIV/AIDS in Mlolongo, Kenya

Mombasa Highway and Weigh Station

  • Truckers spend 3+ days waiting to be processed, providing a costumer base for prostitution
  • In Kenya, 27.6% of female sex workers are HIV positive and only 26.8% use condoms with all of their partners (Morris, Morris, and Ferguson, 2009).
  • The rampant spread of HIV and lack of contraception has led to rapid growth in the population in an area that has little ability to support any residents
  • Development of Slums that now line the highway


Case Studies In Evaluating Time Series Prediction Models Using The Relative Mean Absolute Error, Nicholas G. Reich, Justin Lessler, Krzysztof Sakrejda, Stephen A. Lauer, Sopon Iamsirithaworn, Derek A T Cummings 2015 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Case Studies In Evaluating Time Series Prediction Models Using The Relative Mean Absolute Error, Nicholas G. Reich, Justin Lessler, Krzysztof Sakrejda, Stephen A. Lauer, Sopon Iamsirithaworn, Derek A T Cummings

Nicholas G Reich

Statistical prediction models inform decision-making processes in many real-world settings. Prior to using predictions in practice, one must rigorously test and validate candidate models to ensure that the proposed predictions have sufficient accuracy to be used in practice. In this paper, we present a framework for evaluating time series predictions that emphasizes computational simplicity and an intuitive interpretation using the relative mean absolute error metric. For a single time series, this metric enables comparisons of candidate model predictions against naive reference models, a method that can provide useful and standardized performance benchmarks. Additionally, in applications with multiple time series, this ...


Association Between Dietary Patterns During Pregnancy And Birth Size Measures In A Diverse Population In Southern Us, Uriyoan Colón-Ramos, Susan B. Racette, Jody M. Ganiban, Thuy G. Nguyen, Mehmet Kocak, Kecia N. Carroll, Eszter Volgyi, Frances A. Tylavsky 2015 George Washington University

Association Between Dietary Patterns During Pregnancy And Birth Size Measures In A Diverse Population In Southern Us, Uriyoan Colón-Ramos, Susan B. Racette, Jody M. Ganiban, Thuy G. Nguyen, Mehmet Kocak, Kecia N. Carroll, Eszter Volgyi, Frances A. Tylavsky

Global Health Faculty Publications

Despite increased interest in promoting nutrition during pregnancy, the association between maternal dietary patterns and birth outcomes has been equivocal. We examined maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy as a determinant of offspring’s birth weight-for-length (WLZ), weight-for-age (WAZ), length-for-age (LAZ), and head circumference (HCZ) Z-scores in Southern United States (n = 1151). Maternal diet during pregnancy was assessed by seven dietary patterns. Multivariable linear regression models described the association of WLZ, WAZ, LAZ, and HCZ with diet patterns controlling for other maternal and child characteristics. In bivariate analyses, WAZ and HCZ were significantly lower for processed and processed-Southern compared to healthy ...


Discovering A Gold Mine Of U.S. Government Information: Exploring The Hathitrust Catalog And Its Rich Veins, Bert Chapman 2014 Purdue University

Discovering A Gold Mine Of U.S. Government Information: Exploring The Hathitrust Catalog And Its Rich Veins, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

The Hathitrust Catalog provides researchers at member institutions with exponentially expanded access to historical U.S. Government information resources. This presentation describes how researchers can use this resource to conduct substantive research using government information resources on public policy issues such as Internal Revenue Service program problems, infectious diseases such as Ebola, and U.S. foreign relations with the former Soviet Union/Russian Federation.


Promoting Global Health Awareness Through Hands-On Training, Christina B. Gunther 2014 Sacred Heart University

Promoting Global Health Awareness Through Hands-On Training, Christina B. Gunther

Christina B. Gunther

Christina Gunther, Director, Global Programs & Assessment at Sacred Heart University, discusses her work with students in global health awareness through service learning and mission trips, study abroad and international clincal experiences.


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