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899 full-text articles. Page 1 of 39.

Sepsis: The Silent Killer We Should Be Stopping, Ron Daniels 2018 UK Sepsis Trust

Sepsis: The Silent Killer We Should Be Stopping, Ron Daniels

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Human Behavior Impacts On Health Care, Barbara W. Son, Carole South-Winter 2018 California State University, Los Angeles

Human Behavior Impacts On Health Care, Barbara W. Son, Carole South-Winter

Journal of International & Interdisciplinary Business Research

It is critical to understand human behavior in order to implement effective health-care policies for both developing and industrialized countries. Human behavior issues were studied in Ghana, with a developing economy, and South Korea, with a developed economy. From the survey research in Ghana in 2014, we learned that rural residents are heavily dependent on traditional health care. However, local community residents preferred to talk to medical doctors about their health care when accessible. We also looked into human behavior issues and the unique hospital culture in South Korea that contributed to the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) outbreak ...


Therapeutic Clientship Of Diabetes Clubs: Engagement In Chronic Disease Management Programs In Guatemala’S Western Highlands, Arnav Shah 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Therapeutic Clientship Of Diabetes Clubs: Engagement In Chronic Disease Management Programs In Guatemala’S Western Highlands, Arnav Shah

Anthropology Senior Theses

The increasing global mortality and morbidity of chronic disease signals that a major epidemiological shift is underway in more-economically developed and less-economically developed countries. This epidemiological transition is especially salient in the Western Highlands of Guatemala as the prevalence of type 2 diabetes has risen steeply and poses great challenges for health practitioners and the public health system. This thesis is based from ten weeks of ethnographic fieldwork that I conducted in region surrounding Lake Atitlán. Collected through participant observation and semi-structured interviews, the data this thesis analyses attempts to examine the nature of and motivations for engagement in a ...


Pornography As A Public Health Issue: Promoting Violence And Exploitation Of Children, Youth, And Adults, Elisabeth Taylor 2018 Center for Human Dignity, United Against Sexual Exploitation

Pornography As A Public Health Issue: Promoting Violence And Exploitation Of Children, Youth, And Adults, Elisabeth Taylor

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

The pornography industry is expanding exponentially as a result of ongoing technological advances. The ability to stream videos over the internet and the ubiquity of the smart phone have meant that pornography producers are able to use algorithms to target potential consumers, to cultivate new sexual tastes and to deliver content to a more diverse audience over mobile devices. The advent of virtual reality pornography with interactive sex toys and sex robots imbued with artificial intelligence promises to unleash a further step-change in the extent to which pornography influences ‘real-world’ sexual culture. The critical analysis of pornography undertaken over decades ...


Infections Not Fought: Antibiotic Resistance In Underserved Communities, Derek Lillestolen 2018 Liberty University

Infections Not Fought: Antibiotic Resistance In Underserved Communities, Derek Lillestolen

Senior Honors Theses

In 1928, the profound effects of penicillin were discovered and antibiotic treatments became extremely popular. Broad-spectrum antibiotics, like tetracyclines, have been since branded as cure-all prescriptions and used profusely in the Western World and abroad. Due to ignorance of specific biochemical mechanisms and the misuse of antibiotics these drugs inadvertently allowed the rise in prevalence of antibiotic resistant strains of certain bacteria as the century progressed. Now, the specific genetic causes and mechanisms of antibiotic resistance are being understood, but the fight against antimicrobial resistance is far from over. In the United States, thousands of fatalities are caused annually by ...


Surveying The Current State Of International Outreach In Radiology Training Programs, Benjamin Johnson, Wojciech Kapalczynski, Drew Streicher, Henry Chou, Jessie Stewart, Naiim Ali, Supriya Gupta, Staci M. Gagne, Mary W. Huff 2018 Pueblo Radiology Group

Surveying The Current State Of International Outreach In Radiology Training Programs, Benjamin Johnson, Wojciech Kapalczynski, Drew Streicher, Henry Chou, Jessie Stewart, Naiim Ali, Supriya Gupta, Staci M. Gagne, Mary W. Huff

Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: Over the past decade, there has been an increased level of attention focused on improving radiology’s contributions to global health programs in resource-restricted areas of the world. This has led to the formation of new organizations and international imaging partnerships. As a result, there have been related publications and guidelines, which has increased awareness and interest amongst current and prospective radiology trainees.

Methods and Materials: With this survey of residency program directors, we set out to: 1) examine current opinions of and experience with integrating international and outreach opportunities into their training curriculum; and 2) to analyze these ...


Long-Term Care Of Elderly Citizens: A Comparative Study, Kerri McInnis 2018 Carroll College

Long-Term Care Of Elderly Citizens: A Comparative Study, Kerri Mcinnis

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Recently, countries around the world have experienced an exponential increase in the number of senior citizens. This unfathomable demographic change is only expected to intensify in the coming years. Countries in the western hemisphere have implemented very different strategies in an effort to cope with the new demands presented by the aging population and demographic shift. The norm in the United States is providing institutional care in either assisted livings or nursing homes, whereas the norm in Latin American countries is offering familial care and multigenerational coresidence. The aim of this study is to compare the benefits and shortcomings of ...


The Experience Of Managing Type Ii Diabetes Among Indigenous Maya In The Western Highlands Of Guatemala, Nubia Ortega 2018 University of Pennsylvania

The Experience Of Managing Type Ii Diabetes Among Indigenous Maya In The Western Highlands Of Guatemala, Nubia Ortega

Anthropology Senior Theses

As part of the Guatemala Health Initiative program, I spent ten weeks in the Western Highlands of Guatemala in one of the towns surrounding the lake region: Santiago Atitlan. My research question was among indigenous Maya who have been diagnosed with type II diabetes in the Western highlands of Guatemala, what is their experience with diagnosis, treatment, and management of type II diabetes?

With assistance from the Hospitalito Atitlan, the primary referral hospital in the region, I conducted semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of 41 people with diabetes. Patients were recruited from diabetes clubs at different health centers and ...


A Global Health Research Checklist For Clinicians., Rasha D Sawaya, Kristen A Breslin, Eiman Abdulrahman, Jennifer I Chapman, Dafina M Good, Lili Moran, Paul C Mullan, Oluwakemi Badaki-Makun 2018 George Washington University

A Global Health Research Checklist For Clinicians., Rasha D Sawaya, Kristen A Breslin, Eiman Abdulrahman, Jennifer I Chapman, Dafina M Good, Lili Moran, Paul C Mullan, Oluwakemi Badaki-Makun

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Global health research has become a priority in most international medical projects. However, it is a difficult endeavor, especially for a busy clinician. Navigating the ethics, methods, and local partnerships is essential yet daunting.To date, there are no guidelines published to help clinicians initiate and complete successful global health research projects. This Global Health Research Checklist was developed to be used by clinicians or other health professionals for developing, implementing, and completing a successful research project in an international and often low-resource setting. It consists of five sections: Objective, Methodology, Institutional Review Board and Ethics, Culture and partnerships, and ...


Reply: Superglue & Educational Considerations, Raghav Bhargava, James H.A. Hassall 2018 Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre

Reply: Superglue & Educational Considerations, Raghav Bhargava, James H.A. Hassall

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Stuck On You And Other Problems With Superglue, Nathan Charlton, E.M. Singletary 2018 University of Virginia and American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council

Stuck On You And Other Problems With Superglue, Nathan Charlton, E.M. Singletary

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Superglue In First Aid Boxes, Raghav Bhargava, James H.A. Hassall 2018 Cardiff University

Superglue In First Aid Boxes, Raghav Bhargava, James H.A. Hassall

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Perceptions, Careseeking, And Experiences Pertaining To Non-Cephalic Births In Rural Sarlahi District, Nepal: A Qualitative Study., Naoko Kozuki, Luke C Mullany, Subarna K Khatry, James M Tielsch, Steven C LeClerq, Caitlin E Kennedy, Joanne Katz 2018 George Washington University

Perceptions, Careseeking, And Experiences Pertaining To Non-Cephalic Births In Rural Sarlahi District, Nepal: A Qualitative Study., Naoko Kozuki, Luke C Mullany, Subarna K Khatry, James M Tielsch, Steven C Leclerq, Caitlin E Kennedy, Joanne Katz

Global Health Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: In low-resource settings, a significant proportion of fetal, neonatal, and maternal deaths can be attributed to intrapartum-related complications. Certain risk factors, such as non-cephalic presentation, have a particularly high risk of complications. This qualitative study describes experiences around non-cephalic births and highlights existing perceptions and care-seeking behavior specific to non-cephalic presentation in rural Sarlahi District, Nepal.

METHODS: We conducted in-depth interviews with 34 individuals, including women who recently gave birth to a non-cephalic infant and female decision-makers in their households. We also conducted two focus groups with mothers (have two or more children, with at least one child under ...


The Brandeis Human Rights Advocacy Program: Advancing The Human Rights Of The Immigrant, Noncitizen And Refugee Community, Enid Trucios-Haynes 2018 University of Louisville

The Brandeis Human Rights Advocacy Program: Advancing The Human Rights Of The Immigrant, Noncitizen And Refugee Community, Enid Trucios-Haynes

Journal of Refugee & Global Health

The Human Rights Advocacy Program (HRAP or the Program) at the Brandeis School of Law, University of Louisville, represents a unique collaboration of law faculty and students providing critical resources to the local immigrant, noncitizen and refugee community in Louisville, Kentucky, as well as local service providers to this community. The Program, established in Spring 2014, is distinctive because of its non-hierarchical internal model and the participatory action research and policy focus of its work. The Program is a distinguished from the typical law school clinical model in its focus on community engaged research, policy advocacy, and service, as well ...


Research Support Infrastructure: Implementing A Clinical Research Coordinating Center, Julio A. Ramirez, Paula Peyrani, William A. Mattingly, Forest W. Arnold, Timothy L. Wiemken, Robert R. Kelley, Leslie A. Wolf, Ruth M. Carrico, the Clinical Research Coordinating Center Team 2018 University of Louisville

Research Support Infrastructure: Implementing A Clinical Research Coordinating Center, Julio A. Ramirez, Paula Peyrani, William A. Mattingly, Forest W. Arnold, Timothy L. Wiemken, Robert R. Kelley, Leslie A. Wolf, Ruth M. Carrico, The Clinical Research Coordinating Center Team

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Insufficient infrastructure is one of the challenges facing investigators in the field of clinical research. At the University of Louisville (UofL) Division of Infectious Diseases, we developed a multidisciplinary coordinating center with the aim to support investigators in all aspects of the clinical research process. The objective of this article is to describe the composition and the role of the different units of the UofL Clinical Research Coordinating Center. The different components of the Center can serve as a template for institutions interested in developing a clinical research support infrastructure.


Non-Resolving Community Acquired Pneumonia (Cap) Due To Blastomyces Dermatitidis (Pulmonary Blastomycosis): Case Report And Review Of Literature, Johnson Britto 2018 St. Elizabeth Physicians, Infectious Disease, Crestview Hills, KY, USA

Non-Resolving Community Acquired Pneumonia (Cap) Due To Blastomyces Dermatitidis (Pulmonary Blastomycosis): Case Report And Review Of Literature, Johnson Britto

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

In this case report, we describe a case of progressive acute pulmonary blastomycosis in a healthy adult living in Kentucky, initially presenting with flu like illness with a left sided consolidation, who did not respond to antibiotic therapy. Patient’s clinical condition deteriorated with development of necrotizing bronchopneumonia, mediastinal lymphadenopathy, tree-in-bud reticulonodularity and pleural effusion. A diagnosis of progressive pulmonary blastomycosis was established by radiological findings as well as transbronchial needle aspiration cytology and bronchoalveolar lavage culture demonstrating Blastomyces dermatitidis. Patient showed significant clinical improvement with resolution of pulmonary lesions on antifungal treatment. Since symptoms of blastomycosis are often similar ...


Mycobacterium Kansasii As The Primary Etiology Of Pulmonary Infections Due To Non-Tuberculous Mycobacterium (Ntm) In Patients Without Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Hiv): Experience From A Center In Buenos Aires, Argentina, Gabriel Yusti, Marcela Heres, Alejandra González, Mariano Fielli, Adrian Ceccato, Alejandra Zapata 2018 Alejandro Posadas National Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Mycobacterium Kansasii As The Primary Etiology Of Pulmonary Infections Due To Non-Tuberculous Mycobacterium (Ntm) In Patients Without Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Hiv): Experience From A Center In Buenos Aires, Argentina, Gabriel Yusti, Marcela Heres, Alejandra González, Mariano Fielli, Adrian Ceccato, Alejandra Zapata

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Introduction: Pulmonary diseases due to non-tuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) lung infection in HIV-negative patients are rarely described in the literature. Currently, NTM consist of more than 150 species, and they are globally ubiquitous in both natural and man-made environments.The objective of this study was to define the most frequent species of NTM causing pulmonary disease in HIV-negative patients in the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina. The prevalence of pulmonary diseases caused by NTM is difficult to determine since the isolation of NTM does not necessarily indicate disease.

Methods: A retrospective review of all the respiratory cultures positive for NTM in ...


Effectiveness Of The Influenza Vaccine In Preventing Hospitalizations Of Patients With Influenza Community-Acquired Pneumonia, Thomas Chandler, Stephen P. Furmanek, Connor L. English, Connor Glick, Wesley Trail, Lara Daniels, Ugochukwu Owolabi, Ruth Carrico, Julio A. Ramirez, Timothy L. Wiemken 2018 University of Louisville

Effectiveness Of The Influenza Vaccine In Preventing Hospitalizations Of Patients With Influenza Community-Acquired Pneumonia, Thomas Chandler, Stephen P. Furmanek, Connor L. English, Connor Glick, Wesley Trail, Lara Daniels, Ugochukwu Owolabi, Ruth Carrico, Julio A. Ramirez, Timothy L. Wiemken

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Introduction: Influenza vaccination is the primary strategy for prevention of influenza infection. Influenza infection can vary from mild or even asymptomatic illness to severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Although many national and international investigators and organizations report annual estimates of influenza vaccine effectiveness for prevention of influenza infection in the community, few studies report estimates for the prevention of hospitalizations due to influenza CAP, the most severe form of the infection. The objective of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the influenza vaccine for prevention of hospitalization in patients with influenza-associated CAP.

Methods: This was a test-negative study using ...


Communication Between Clinicians And The Hospital-Based Microbiology Laboratory: Strategies For 2018 And Beyond, Hans H. Liu 2018 Bryn Mawr Hospital, Bryn Mawr, PA

Communication Between Clinicians And The Hospital-Based Microbiology Laboratory: Strategies For 2018 And Beyond, Hans H. Liu

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Adult Patients Living With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Hospitalized For Community-Acquired Pneumonia In The United States: Incidence And Outcomes, Leslie A. Beavin, Stephen P. Furmanek, Paula Peyrani, Anupama Raghuram, Forest W. Arnold, Mark Burns, Julio A. Ramirez 2018 University of Louisville

Adult Patients Living With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Hospitalized For Community-Acquired Pneumonia In The United States: Incidence And Outcomes, Leslie A. Beavin, Stephen P. Furmanek, Paula Peyrani, Anupama Raghuram, Forest W. Arnold, Mark Burns, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common infectious reason for hospitalization of adults in the United States (US), including those with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). While there are studies detailing the incidence and outcomes for all adults with CAP we are not aware of a recent study detailing incidence and outcomes in adult HIV patients hospitalized with CAP. The objectives of this study were (1) to define the current incidence and outcomes of adult HIV patients hospitalized with CAP in Louisville, Kentucky, and (2) to estimate the burden of CAP in the US HIV adult population.

Methods: This was a ...


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