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Machine Learning-Based Risk Factor Analysis And Prevalence Prediction Of Intestinal Parasitic Infections, Ahmet Ay 2021 Illinois State University

Machine Learning-Based Risk Factor Analysis And Prevalence Prediction Of Intestinal Parasitic Infections, Ahmet Ay

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Community And Provider Acceptability Of The Covid-19 Vaccine: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Christian Akem Dimala, Benjamin Momo Kadia, Hai Nguyen, Anthony Donato 2021 Reading Hospital, Tower Health, West Reading

Community And Provider Acceptability Of The Covid-19 Vaccine: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Christian Akem Dimala, Benjamin Momo Kadia, Hai Nguyen, Anthony Donato

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Background:

The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) vaccines may help control the current pandemic but would require immunization levels that would achieve herd immunity. This study aimed to quantify current COVID-19 vaccine acceptance rates, as well as characterize the determinants, enablers and barriers to vaccine acceptability across the globe by synthesizing published evidence.

Methods:

A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies was performed on studies assessing the acceptability of a COVID-19 vaccine published between November 1st, 2019, and November 30th, 2020. PubMed, Embase and Cochrane central were searched for eligible studies. Data extracted from retained studies was analyzed using ...


Geriatric Emergency Medicine Fellowship Journal Club: Frailty, Sarah Keene, Rebecca Fisher, Lauren Cameron-Comasco 2021 Beaumont Royal Oak

Geriatric Emergency Medicine Fellowship Journal Club: Frailty, Sarah Keene, Rebecca Fisher, Lauren Cameron-Comasco

Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine

No abstract provided.


A Research Framework For Evaluating Next Generation Sequencing In Community-Acquired Pneumonia, Ashley M. Wilde, Elena Swingler, Sarah E. Moore PharmD, Brian C. Bohn PharmD, Matthew Song PharmD, BCIDP, Ruth Carrico, Julio A. Ramirez 2021 Norton Healthcare

A Research Framework For Evaluating Next Generation Sequencing In Community-Acquired Pneumonia, Ashley M. Wilde, Elena Swingler, Sarah E. Moore Pharmd, Brian C. Bohn Pharmd, Matthew Song Pharmd, Bcidp, Ruth Carrico, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Adapting Global Service-Learning Project And Community Partnership Outcomes Using A “Tele-Engineering” Approach In Response To The Covid-19 Pandemic, Christiane Ley, Danielle Angert, Tessa Hudelson, Jordan Harris 2021 Purdue University

Adapting Global Service-Learning Project And Community Partnership Outcomes Using A “Tele-Engineering” Approach In Response To The Covid-19 Pandemic, Christiane Ley, Danielle Angert, Tessa Hudelson, Jordan Harris

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

The Water Supply in Developing Countries (WSDC) service-learning course at Purdue University has fostered a strong partnership with the La Vega region in the Dominican Republic since 2012. During this time, an interdisciplinary group of engineering and science students has helped design drinking water treatment systems and the group has developed water, sanitation, and health (WASH) education materials. These WASH education and water safety approaches often have been conducted in person in the past. However, with the state of the COVID-19 pandemic and the inability to travel in the fall and spring semesters of the 2020–2021 academic year, the ...


Covid-19-Associated Pulmonary Aspergillosis: A Case Report From The Covid-19 Surveillance Program., Mohamad Belal Aldaas, Dylan Goldsmith, Forest W. Arnold 2021 University of Louisville

Covid-19-Associated Pulmonary Aspergillosis: A Case Report From The Covid-19 Surveillance Program., Mohamad Belal Aldaas, Dylan Goldsmith, Forest W. Arnold

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

A 72-year-old male was brought to the hospital following a motorcycle crash and was admitted for multiple trauma management. His initial course of hospitalization was complicated by mild hypoxemia and altered mental status. Respiratory workup and imaging were consistent with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia. He completed a five-day course of remdesivir and a ten-day course of dexamethasone. Twenty days later, he developed a low-grade fever. His chest computerized tomography (CT) showed gas and fluid containing parenchymal collection in the anteromedial right middle lobe measuring up to 4.8 cm, most consistent with a pulmonary abscess. Antimicrobial treatment was started.

The patient became ...


University Of Louisville International Travel Clinic: Pivoting During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Dawn Balcom, Subathra Marimuthu, Leslie A Wolf, Luanne Didelot, Sarah Tan, Daniel Hall, Ruth Carrico 2021 University of Louisville

University Of Louisville International Travel Clinic: Pivoting During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Dawn Balcom, Subathra Marimuthu, Leslie A Wolf, Luanne Didelot, Sarah Tan, Daniel Hall, Ruth Carrico

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


A Proposal For Developing Academic Partnerships Between American Clinical Institutions And Ngos, Anik Patel, Nahreen Ahmed, Alfredo Mena Lora, Riley Jones 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

A Proposal For Developing Academic Partnerships Between American Clinical Institutions And Ngos, Anik Patel, Nahreen Ahmed, Alfredo Mena Lora, Riley Jones

Posters

"Humanitarian and health-focused non-governmental organizations, such as MedGlobal, and American clinical institutions can mutually benefit from the formation of academic partnerships. MedGlobal has a longitudinal presence in ongoing humanitarian disasters that can provide rich clinical experiences for academic institutions looking to provide more diverse and equity-driven training for its residents and fellows. American institutions can provide resources, personnel with special skills and knowledge, as well as research assistance to MedGlobal and its partner sites as it continues to promote evidence-based clinical care for refugees. We propose an innovative model that addresses 3 areas of opportunities: education, research/QI, and clinical ...


Sustainable Developmental Goals Interrupted: Overcoming Challenges To Global Child And Adolescent Health, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Kathryn M. Yount, Quique Bassat, Caitlin E. Moyer 2021 Aga Khan University

Sustainable Developmental Goals Interrupted: Overcoming Challenges To Global Child And Adolescent Health, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Kathryn M. Yount, Quique Bassat, Caitlin E. Moyer

Woman and Child Health

No abstract provided.


Understanding Modern History Of International Food Law Is Key To Building A More Resilient And Improved Global Food System, Michael T. Roberts 2021 University of California, Los Angeles

Understanding Modern History Of International Food Law Is Key To Building A More Resilient And Improved Global Food System, Michael T. Roberts

Journal of Food Law & Policy

This article advocates the need for a history of the development of modern international food law and suggests an analytical approach to complement the chronicling of events. Comprehension of this history will help elucidate the evolution of a complicated modern global food system, including its resiliency and vulnerability as demonstrated by Covid-19, thereby providing valuable context for change in the system where needed. This essay makes the case for such a history in three parts. First, it briefly demonstrates the need for a historical perspective through a critical examination of a journal article that speaks to Covid-19 food security in ...


Medical Imaging: The Missing Element Of National Health Plans, Devanshi R. Shah, Abimbola Leslie, Kristen Destigter, Eline van de Broek-Altenburg, Susan Horton, Bernice Dahn 2021 University of Toronto

Medical Imaging: The Missing Element Of National Health Plans, Devanshi R. Shah, Abimbola Leslie, Kristen Destigter, Eline Van De Broek-Altenburg, Susan Horton, Bernice Dahn

Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: Access to diagnostics is vital for clinical decision-making but is rarely prioritized in national health services strategic plans (NHSSPs)[1].

Materials and Methods: An analysis was conducted of the inclusion of medical imaging as well as laboratory medicine in current NHSSPs for both low-income countries (LICs) and lower- middle-income countries (LMICs). NHSSPs of 79 countries were examined for the inclusion of key terms relevant to imaging and laboratory medicine.

Results: Current and electronically available NHSSPs were found for 33 countries, 14 from LICs and 19 from LMICs. Terminology related to imaging was referenced in very few of the plans ...


Pulmonary Inflammation And Injury Triggered By Spine Surgery In Recovered Covid-19 Patients Demand Consideration, Luciano Rodrigo Lopes, Silvana Kertzer Kasinski 2021 Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp)

Pulmonary Inflammation And Injury Triggered By Spine Surgery In Recovered Covid-19 Patients Demand Consideration, Luciano Rodrigo Lopes, Silvana Kertzer Kasinski

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Community Pharmacies, Drug Stores, And Antibiotic Dispensing In Indonesia: A Qualitative Study, Astri Ferdiana, Marco Liverani, Mishal Khan, Luh Putu Lila Wulandari, Yusuf Ari Mashuri, Neha Batura, Tri Wibawa, Shunmay Yeung, Richard Day, Stephen Jan, Virginia Wiseman, Ari Probandari 2021 Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Community Pharmacies, Drug Stores, And Antibiotic Dispensing In Indonesia: A Qualitative Study, Astri Ferdiana, Marco Liverani, Mishal Khan, Luh Putu Lila Wulandari, Yusuf Ari Mashuri, Neha Batura, Tri Wibawa, Shunmay Yeung, Richard Day, Stephen Jan, Virginia Wiseman, Ari Probandari

Community Health Sciences

Background: Inappropriate dispensing of antibiotics at community pharmacies is an important driver of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Thus, a better understanding of dispensing practices is crucial to inform national, regional, and global responses to AMR. This requires careful examination of the interactions between vendors and clients, sensitive to the context in which these interactions take place.
Methods: In 2019, we conducted a qualitative study to examine antibiotic dispensing practices and associated drivers in Indonesia, where self-medication with antibiotics purchased at community pharmacies and drug stores is widespread. Data collection involved 59 in-depth interviews with staff ...


Disparities In Covid-19 Rates Among Various Demographics And Lack Of Racial Representation In Medical Texts, DiAngelo Gonzalez 2021 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Disparities In Covid-19 Rates Among Various Demographics And Lack Of Racial Representation In Medical Texts, Diangelo Gonzalez

Celebration of Learning

The 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak, which originated in Wuhan, China in December of 2019, has impacted nations all over the globe. Given the health disparities which existed within the United States prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, this pandemic continued to pose a significant challenge to the health of the public. The aims of this research study were twofold: (1) to analyze the incidence rates of COVID-19 among different racial and ethnic groups within the United States and (2) to describe the occurrence of diversity within medical texts. Overall, the COVID-19 pandemic exacerbated health disparities within the United States. Understanding ...


Why Should People Use Face Masks In The Time Of Covid? The Jri Position, Jose Bordon, Alex Glynn, Forest W. Arnold 2021 University of Louisville, Division of Infectious Diseases

Why Should People Use Face Masks In The Time Of Covid? The Jri Position, Jose Bordon, Alex Glynn, Forest W. Arnold

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


No Difference In Clinical Outcomes For African American And White Patients Hospitalized With Sars-Cov-2 Pneumonia In Louisville, Kentucky, Julio A. Ramirez, Stephen P. Furmanek, Thomas Chandler, Stephen S. Hanson, Dawn Balcom, Subathra Marimuthu, Sathya Krishnasamy, Jose Bordon, Rodrigo Cavallazzi, Amr Aboelnasr, Mahder A. Tella, William A. Mattingly, Ashley M. Wilde, Daisy Sangroula, Demetra Antimisiaris, Donghoon Chung, Guillermo Cabral, Gabino R Fernandez-Botran, Jiapeng Huang, Martin Gnoni, Ozan Akca, Paul Schulz, Phillip F. Bressoud, Priya Krishnan, Sally Suliman, William P. McKinney, Bryan Moffett, Leslie A Wolf, Mark Burns, Alex Glynn, Ruth Carrico, Forest W. Arnold 2021 University of Louisville, School of Medicine Infectious Diseases

No Difference In Clinical Outcomes For African American And White Patients Hospitalized With Sars-Cov-2 Pneumonia In Louisville, Kentucky, Julio A. Ramirez, Stephen P. Furmanek, Thomas Chandler, Stephen S. Hanson, Dawn Balcom, Subathra Marimuthu, Sathya Krishnasamy, Jose Bordon, Rodrigo Cavallazzi, Amr Aboelnasr, Mahder A. Tella, William A. Mattingly, Ashley M. Wilde, Daisy Sangroula, Demetra Antimisiaris, Donghoon Chung, Guillermo Cabral, Gabino R Fernandez-Botran, Jiapeng Huang, Martin Gnoni, Ozan Akca, Paul Schulz, Phillip F. Bressoud, Priya Krishnan, Sally Suliman, William P. Mckinney, Bryan Moffett, Leslie A Wolf, Mark Burns, Alex Glynn, Ruth Carrico, Forest W. Arnold

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Introduction: Current literature indicates that African American individuals are at increased risk of becoming infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus and suffer higher SARS-CoV-2-related mortality rates. However, there is a lack of consensus as to how the clinical outcomes of African American patients differ from those of other groups. The objective of this study was to define the clinical outcomes of African American and White hospitalized patients with SARS-CoV-2 community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in Louisville, Kentucky.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of hospitalized patients with SARS-CoV-2 CAP at eight hospitals in Louisville, Kentucky. Severity of CAP at time of hospitalization ...


The Right To Repair: (Re)Building A Better Future, Jumana Labib 2021 Western University

The Right To Repair: (Re)Building A Better Future, Jumana Labib

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

The goal of this research project was to take a multi-faceted, interdisciplinary approach to research and examine the Right to Repair movement’s progress, current repair practices, impediments, and imperatives, and the various large-scale implications (environmental, economic, social, etc.) stemming from diminished consumer freedom as a result of increased corporate greed and lack of governmental regulations with regards to repair and the environment. This poster exhibits the highlights of my general research project on the Right to Repair movement over the course of this four month internship, and aims to disseminate information about the movement to the wider public in ...


Strongyloides Stercoralis Hyperinfection And Disseminated Tuberculosis, Hernan Terroba, Alejandra González, Diana Vera Gonzalez, Roxana Mariela Godoy, Analia Santos, Marisol Arrojo 2021 Posadas Hospital

Strongyloides Stercoralis Hyperinfection And Disseminated Tuberculosis, Hernan Terroba, Alejandra González, Diana Vera Gonzalez, Roxana Mariela Godoy, Analia Santos, Marisol Arrojo

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


The Origins And Future Of Sentinel: An Early-Warning System For Pandemic Preemption And Response, Yolanda Botti-Lodovico, Andres Colubri, Pardis C. Sabeti, Christian Happi 2021 Broad Institute of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Harvard

The Origins And Future Of Sentinel: An Early-Warning System For Pandemic Preemption And Response, Yolanda Botti-Lodovico, Andres Colubri, Pardis C. Sabeti, Christian Happi

COVID-19 Publications by UMass Chan Authors

While investigating a signal of adaptive evolution in humans at the gene LARGE, we encountered an intriguing finding by Dr. Stefan Kunz that the gene plays a critical role in Lassa virus binding and entry. This led us to pursue field work to test our hypothesis that natural selection acting on LARGE-detected in the Yoruba population of Nigeria-conferred resistance to Lassa Fever in some West African populations. As we delved further, we conjectured that the "emerging" nature of recently discovered diseases like Lassa fever is related to a newfound capacity for detection, rather than a novel viral presence, and that ...


The Increasing Role Of Pragmatic Clinical Trials And Real-World Data In Healthcare Research, Julio A. Ramirez, Ruth Carrico 2021 University of Louisville

The Increasing Role Of Pragmatic Clinical Trials And Real-World Data In Healthcare Research, Julio A. Ramirez, Ruth Carrico

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


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