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A Mathematical Model Of The Spread Of Dengue Fever Incorporating Mobility, Kelly A. Reagan 2016 Elon University

A Mathematical Model Of The Spread Of Dengue Fever Incorporating Mobility, Kelly A. Reagan

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Exploring Emergency Communication Experiences In Response To The 2010 Haiti Earthquake: Lessons Learned From International Donors And Local Government Agencies, Pierre Marie Barbara Roussel 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Exploring Emergency Communication Experiences In Response To The 2010 Haiti Earthquake: Lessons Learned From International Donors And Local Government Agencies, Pierre Marie Barbara Roussel

Theses & Dissertations

Background:

In almost every disaster situation, the use of standardized communication procedures among humanitarian relief agencies has been identified as one of the efficient practices to minimize the mismanagement of resources and thus to maximize the response effort among actors to reduce the incidence impact on the public and to increase their resilience capabilities.

Agencies have access to several guidelines to follow during domestic disasters, but there have been very few manuals developed to guide relief organizations on best practices during international large and complex natural disasters such as the 2010 Haiti earthquake.

Haiti has experienced over its history several ...


Is The United States Prepared For A Major Zika Virus Outbreak?, Lawrence O. Gostin, James G. Hodge Jr. 2016 Georgetown University Law Center

Is The United States Prepared For A Major Zika Virus Outbreak?, Lawrence O. Gostin, James G. Hodge Jr.

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Zika virus has emerged as a global public health crisis with active transmission in the Americas and Caribbean. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC), and recently WHO reported there is a scientific consensus that Zika is a cause of microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). In the U.S. the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) activated its emergency operations center at its highest capacity. President Obama requested $1.86 billion in emergency funding. Shamefully, Congress has yet to appropriate the funding needed for Zika preparedness, and the President has had to ...


Development Of A Community-Managed Hiv Case Management Program In Zomba Malawi, Sharon Christman 2016 Cedarville University

Development Of A Community-Managed Hiv Case Management Program In Zomba Malawi, Sharon Christman

Sharon K. Christman, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


(Video) Income-Related Inequalities In Utilization Of Health Services Among Private Health Insurance Beneficiaries In Brazil, Heitor Werneck 2016 George Washington University

(Video) Income-Related Inequalities In Utilization Of Health Services Among Private Health Insurance Beneficiaries In Brazil, Heitor Werneck

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Brazil’s 1988 health reform created the Unified Health System (SUS). SUS is a universal health system that emulates British National Health Service, featuring an open-ended benefit package and a major goal of health equity. An unforeseen consequence of the reform was that former beneficiaries of the social health insurance sought to sustain their privileged access to health services through private health insurance. Despite achievements in expanding healthcare access and improved health outcomes, recurring opinion polls suggest that Brazilians are skeptical about SUS’ capacity to delivery timely and quality health services, making private insurance a priority to most households. The ...


Predictors Of Malnutrition In Different Geographic Regions Of Peru, Elizabeth LaCroix 2016 George Washington University

Predictors Of Malnutrition In Different Geographic Regions Of Peru, Elizabeth Lacroix

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Malnutrition is responsible for over 3 million childhood deaths each year. Those who survive early nutritional deficiencies and the subsequent growth failure face life-long consequences, including long-term deficits in cognitive development, decreased academic achievement, and reduced economic opportunities later in life. Low height for age, or stunting, indicates chronic malnutrition, while low weight for height (wasting) indicates acute malnutrition. Caloric deficiencies, micronutrient deficiencies, intestinal parasites, and diarrheal diseases all directly contribute to acute and chronic undernutrition.

Peru is an ethnically and geographically diverse country that has experienced great economic growth and dramatic health improvements in the last decade. Nationally, stunting ...


Knowledge, Attitude And Practices: Assessing Maternal And Child Health Care Handbook Intervention In Vietnam, Hirotsugu Aiga, Vinh Duc Nguyen, Cuong Dinh Nguyen, Tho Thi Thi Nguyen, Lien Thi Phuong Nguyen 2016 George Washington University

Knowledge, Attitude And Practices: Assessing Maternal And Child Health Care Handbook Intervention In Vietnam, Hirotsugu Aiga, Vinh Duc Nguyen, Cuong Dinh Nguyen, Tho Thi Thi Nguyen, Lien Thi Phuong Nguyen

Global Health Faculty Publications

Background

Maternal and Child Health (MCH) Handbook, an integrated MCH home-based record, was piloted in four provinces of Vietnam (Dien Bien, Hoa Binh, Thanh Hoa and An Giang). The study is aimed at assessing the changes in pregnant women’s behavior towards the frequencies of their antenatal care service utilizations and their subsequent breastfeeding practices up to six months of age, through the MCH Handbook intervention. This is because the levels of pregnant women’s knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) towards their antenatal care service utilizations and exclusive breastfeeding practices have been previously neither analyzed nor reported in relation to ...


Global Mortality Impact Of The 1957–1959 Influenza Pandemic, Cecile Viboud, Lone Simonsen, Rodrigo Fuentes, Jose Flores, Mark A. Miller, Gerardo Chowell 2016 George Washington University

Global Mortality Impact Of The 1957–1959 Influenza Pandemic, Cecile Viboud, Lone Simonsen, Rodrigo Fuentes, Jose Flores, Mark A. Miller, Gerardo Chowell

Global Health Faculty Publications

Background. Quantitative estimates of the global burden of the 1957 influenza pandemic are lacking. Here we fill this gap by modeling historical mortality statistics.

Methods. We used annual rates of age- and cause-specific deaths to estimate pandemic-related mortality in excess of background levels in 39 countries in Europe, the Asia-Pacific region, and the Americas. We modeled the relationship between excess mortality and development indicators to extrapolate the global burden of the pandemic.

Results. The pandemic-associated excess respiratory mortality rate was 1.9/10 000 population (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.2–2.6 cases/10 000 population) on average during ...


The International Right To Health: What Does It Mean In Legal Practice And How Can It Affect Priority Setting For Universal Health Coverage?, Rebecca Dittrich, Leonardo Cubillos, Lawrence O. Gostin, Ryan Li, Kalipso Chalkidou 2016 Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

The International Right To Health: What Does It Mean In Legal Practice And How Can It Affect Priority Setting For Universal Health Coverage?, Rebecca Dittrich, Leonardo Cubillos, Lawrence O. Gostin, Ryan Li, Kalipso Chalkidou

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The international right to health is enshrined in national and international law. In a growing number of cases, individuals denied access to high-cost medicines and technologies under universal coverage systems have turned to the courts to challenge the denial of access as against their right to health. In some instances, patients seek access to medicines, services, or technologies that they would have access to under universal coverage if not for government, health system, or service delivery shortfalls. In others, patients seek access to medicines, services, or technologies that have not been included or that have been explicitly denied for coverage ...


Socioeconomic Factors Associated With Cataract-Related Blindness Treatment In Women In Rural Regions Of Andhra Pradesh, Kiranpreet Kaur 4198353 2016 Virginia Commonwealth University Honors College

Socioeconomic Factors Associated With Cataract-Related Blindness Treatment In Women In Rural Regions Of Andhra Pradesh, Kiranpreet Kaur 4198353

Undergraduate Research Posters

Despite efforts of Vision 2020 in India, the Andhra Pradesh Eye Disease Study (APEDS) extrapolated, in 2000, approximately 18.7 million blind people in India and also, projected an increase to 31.6 million blind people by 2020. Within the state Andhra Pradesh itself, preventable corneal blindness increased to 1.84% from 1.5% in the late 1980s.

Numerous public health studies have been conducted to outline factors that cause and preclude treatment of avoidable corneal blindness in the India. Conclusively, the escalation of corneal blindness can be largely attributed to personal, social, and economic barriers in utilizing available eye-care ...


Fragmented Implementation Of Maternal And Child Health Home-Based Records In Vietnam: Need For Integration, Hirotsugu Aiga, Vinh Duc Nguyen, Cuong Dinh Nguyen, Tho Thi Thi Nguyen, Lien Thi Phuong Nguyen 2016 George Washington University

Fragmented Implementation Of Maternal And Child Health Home-Based Records In Vietnam: Need For Integration, Hirotsugu Aiga, Vinh Duc Nguyen, Cuong Dinh Nguyen, Tho Thi Thi Nguyen, Lien Thi Phuong Nguyen

Global Health Faculty Publications

Background: Home-based records (HBRs) are globally implemented as the effective tools that encourage pregnant women and mothers to timely and adequately utilise maternal and child health (MCH) services. While availability and utilisation of nationally representative HBRs have been assessed in several earlier studies, the reality of a number of HBRs subnationally implemented in a less coordinated manner has been neither reported nor analysed.

Objectives: This study is aimed at estimating the prevalence of HBRs for MCH and the level of fragmentation of and overlapping between different HBRs for MCH in Vietnam. The study further attempts to identify health workers’ and ...


Do Pesticide Sellers Make Farmers Sick? Health, Information, And Adoption Of Technology In Bangladesh., Shamma Adeeb Alam, Hendrik Wolff 2016 Dickinson College

Do Pesticide Sellers Make Farmers Sick? Health, Information, And Adoption Of Technology In Bangladesh., Shamma Adeeb Alam, Hendrik Wolff

Faculty Publications By Year

We study the impact of supply-side and demand-side pesticide regulations on the adoption of health technologies and health outcomes in Bangladesh. We use a unique dataset that spans the chain from where farmers obtain information and which precautionary tools (i.e., masks, gloves) they use to subsequent health outcomes after spraying. In contrast to previous studies, we find that information from pesticide sellers increases the adoption of precautionary tools and subsequently improves health outcomes. We also find that there is substantial social learning from peers that act as key knowledge multipliers.


Global Health Security Agenda Legal Landscape Assessment, Natasha M. Nussbaum 2015 University of San Francisco School of Nursing and Health Professions

Global Health Security Agenda Legal Landscape Assessment, Natasha M. Nussbaum

Master's Projects

The Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) was created on February 13, 2014, to improve country's ability to detect, prevent and respond to emerging health threats. Eleven action packages were created. The detection action package included antimicrobial resistance, zoonotic diseases, national biosafety/biosecurity and immunization. The prevention action package included establishing a national laboratory system, strengthening real-time biosurveillance, advancing timely and accurate disease reporting and establishing a trained global health security workforce.The response action package focused on establishing emergency operation centers, linking public health and law enforcement and enhancing medical countermeasures/personnel deployment.

The following paper summarizes the components ...


The Sustainable Development Goals: One-Health In The World’S Development Agenda, Lawrence O. Gostin, Eric A. Friedman 2015 Georgetown University Law Center

The Sustainable Development Goals: One-Health In The World’S Development Agenda, Lawrence O. Gostin, Eric A. Friedman

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), adopted by the UN General Assembly in September 2015, embody a One-Health strategy—healthy people living on a habitable planet. Extending beyond the social development emphasis of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which accelerated progress globally, though unequally, the SDGs also encompass a range of environmental and economic goals, with a health goal that is far more comprehensive than the infectious diseases and maternal/child health focus of the MDGs.

To be achieved, the SDGs require resources and political commitment that is yet to be demonstrated. With a cost that could reach $5 trillion for ...


News From Cart, Patricia Fanning, Amos Nwosu 2015 Bridgewater State College

News From Cart, Patricia Fanning, Amos Nwosu

Patricia J. Fanning

No abstract provided.


Disparities In The Treatment Of Childhood Diarrhoea In India, Nisha Malhotra, Nicholas Choy 2015 University of British Columbia

Disparities In The Treatment Of Childhood Diarrhoea In India, Nisha Malhotra, Nicholas Choy

Nisha Malhotra

Despite the severe impact of diarrhoea on children’s health and mortality in India, recent survey shows that only half of all children suffering from diarrhoea receive treatment or medical advice, and more than two-thirds receive no Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT). An understanding of the socio-demographic determinants for appropriate treatment of the disease will be critical for improving these figures. This analysis is based on the most recent National Family Health Survey (2007), which shows that children are more likely to receive ORT if they are treated in a public health facility, rather than in a private health facility. Households ...


Epidemiology Of Infant Dengue Cases Illuminates Serotype-Specificity In The Interaction Between Immunity And Disease, And Changes In Transmission Dynamics, Hannah Clapham, Derek A. Cummings, Ananda Nisalak, Siripen Kalayanarooj, Butsaya Thaisomboonsuk, Chonticha Klungthong, Stefan Fernandez, Anon Srikiatkhachorn, Louis R. Macareo, Justin Lessler, Julia Reiser, In-Kyu Yoon 2015 Johns Hopkins School of Public Health

Epidemiology Of Infant Dengue Cases Illuminates Serotype-Specificity In The Interaction Between Immunity And Disease, And Changes In Transmission Dynamics, Hannah Clapham, Derek A. Cummings, Ananda Nisalak, Siripen Kalayanarooj, Butsaya Thaisomboonsuk, Chonticha Klungthong, Stefan Fernandez, Anon Srikiatkhachorn, Louis R. Macareo, Justin Lessler, Julia Reiser, In-Kyu Yoon

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Infants born to dengue immune mothers acquire maternal antibodies to dengue. These antibodies, though initially protective, decline during the first year of life to levels thought to be disease enhancing, before reaching undetectable levels. Infants have long been studied to understand the interaction between infection and disease on an individual level.
METHODS/FINDINGS: Considering infants (cases < 1 year old) as a unique group, we analyzed serotype specific dengue case data from patients admitted to a pediatric hospital in Bangkok, Thailand. We show differences in the propensity of serotypes to cause disease in individuals with dengue antibodies (infants and post-primary cases) and in individuals without dengue antibodies (primary cases). The mean age of infant cases differed among serotypes, consistent with previously observed differential waning of maternal antibody titers by serotype. We show that trends over time in epidemiology of infant cases are consistent with those observed in the whole population, and therefore with trends in the force of infection.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Infants with dengue are informative about the interaction between antibody and the dengue serotypes, confirming that in this population DENV-2 and DENV-4 almost exclusively cause disease in the presence of dengue antibody despite infections occurring in others. We also observe differences ...


The Pattern Of Adipose Tissue Accumulation During Early Infancy Provides An Environment For The Development Of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, Daniel H. Libraty, Pengyan Wang, Zhiru Guo, Venelle Bigcas, Job D. Brion, Rosario Z. Capeding 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Pattern Of Adipose Tissue Accumulation During Early Infancy Provides An Environment For The Development Of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, Daniel H. Libraty, Pengyan Wang, Zhiru Guo, Venelle Bigcas, Job D. Brion, Rosario Z. Capeding

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Dengue is the most prevalent arthropod-borne viral illness in humans with half of the world's population at risk. During early infancy, severe dengue can develop after a primary dengue virus infection. There has been a clinical observation that severe dengue during the first year of life is seen only in chubby infants.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We examined the associations between the development of severe dengue and adipose tissue accumulation patterns during the first year of life in a prospective observational clinical study of infants and dengue virus infections. We found that adipose tissue contains two potential targets for ...


Effects Of A Community-Based Intervention Package On Postnatal Care Seeking Behavior In Rural Bangladesh: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial, Mohammad Tajul Islam, Nazrul Islam, Costas Christophi, Yukie Yoshimura 2015 Japan International Cooperation Agency

Effects Of A Community-Based Intervention Package On Postnatal Care Seeking Behavior In Rural Bangladesh: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial, Mohammad Tajul Islam, Nazrul Islam, Costas Christophi, Yukie Yoshimura

Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Background: Community-based Postnatal Care (PNC) initiatives have been found to improve maternal and neonatal health.

Objectives: This paper aims at evaluating the effectiveness of a Community-Based Intervention Package in providing ‘limited’ PNC services by Community Support Systems (CmSS) and in increasing maternal PNC visits from Skilled Healthcare Providers (SHPs) in rural Bangladesh as well as identifying the predictors of maternal PNC from SHPs.

Methods: A cluster-randomized controlled trial was employed where 6 clusters (each with an average population of about 28,000) of Narsingdi District were randomly assigned to the intervention and the comparison group. Sample sizes for pre- and ...


Physical Activity And Aging Research: A Bibliometric Analysis, Andre Müller, Payam Ansari, Nader Ale Ebrahim, Selina Khoo 2015 University of Malaya

Physical Activity And Aging Research: A Bibliometric Analysis, Andre Müller, Payam Ansari, Nader Ale Ebrahim, Selina Khoo

Andre M Müller

Physical activity and aging research has burgeoned in the past few decades. Despite the increase in scholarly publications no attempts have been made to summarize the publication landscape and to identify works that had great impact to physical activity and aging research. We conducted a bibliometric analysis and collected publication data from 1980 to February 6, 2015 in the Web of Science Core Collection. Of the overall 9,935 publications most were published after 2007 and almost 60% were in the category of Geriatrics and Gerontology or Sport Sciences. Highly cited publications (n = 45) were mostly authored by researchers from ...


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