Inside The Juvenile Justice System, 2016 University of San Francisco
Inside The Juvenile Justice System, Megan Phalon
The United States of America is known for freedom and integrity and being a nation that stands for justice and equality for all. Within the United States there are systems in place to better the people and communities in order to provide safety and order. However, just as any nation, there is a struggle with violent behavior and tendencies among adults and adolescents. Within the last three decades, the United States has created a correctional system that specifically targets adolescents, and that acknowledges the differences between adult and juvenile development and deviant behavior. Within this literature review, academic databases were ...
Quality Management: A Global Case Study In Organ Transplantation, 2016 University of San Francisco
Quality Management: A Global Case Study In Organ Transplantation, Cassie L. Rodriguez
Every year the US and European countries face an epidemic of organ failure from a multitude of reasons: cancer, genetic predisposition, exposure to harmful chemicals in home or surrounding areas or through drinking, drugs and smoking. Another problem faced, is the ratio of organ donors to organ recipients. Over 121,000 patients are on the waiting for an organ transplant, and a fraction of those waiting will die because of time. The Hanover Medical school and department of quality management, have created an integrated approach to organ transplant avenues. Quality management is a systematic guide for organ transplantation that allows ...
Perceptions Of Fidelity And Adaptation In Evidence-Informed Interventions By Women Of Color Sexuality Health Educators, 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Perceptions Of Fidelity And Adaptation In Evidence-Informed Interventions By Women Of Color Sexuality Health Educators, Sara C. Flowers
All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
Sexuality health educators (SHEs) adapt interventions to the participants’ needs in the dissemination and implementation of comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) programming. However, there is a lack of understanding of how, why and when SHEs make such adaptations. Success or failure of the transfer of prevention technology to practitioners occurs by determining community capacities and preparedness to adopt/adapt high-impact interventions to effectively manage implementation. Experts argue for evidence-informed interventions (EII), as opposed to evidence-based interventions (EBI), as the best way to incorporate research in applied settings. EBIs are solely guided by recommendations from current evidence, whereas EIIs recognize and incorporate ...
A Friend In Deed, 2016 Colby College
A Friend In Deed, Laura Meader
Children in need of surgery, refugee families, victims of abuse—Jacques Hermant steps up
An Analysis Of The Sleep Quality Of Undergraduate Students, 2016 Georgia Southern University
An Analysis Of The Sleep Quality Of Undergraduate Students, Brianna N. Carter, Joanne Chopak-Foss
Phi Kappa Phi Research Symposium
Background and Aims: The purpose of this study was to measure the sleep quality of a sample of undergraduate students and compare it to the recommendations for young adults from the National Sleep Foundation. Methods: A sample of undergraduate students from a mid-sized public university in the Southeast were recruited for this study (N=86). The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was employed to assess sleep quality of the students. Results: Frequency analysis found that most students did not get the minimum amount of sleep as recommended by the National Sleep Foundation. A nonparametric correlation (listwise) analysis found a positive ...
Multi-Sectoral Partnerships And Patient-Engagement Strategies In Accountable Care Organizations, 2016 University of California, San Francisco
Multi-Sectoral Partnerships And Patient-Engagement Strategies In Accountable Care Organizations, Margae Knox, Hector P. Rodriguez, Stephen M. Shortell
Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research
Background: Patient-engagement strategies are increasingly recognized for enriching traditional medical care and improving population health. Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) may be well positioned to leverage multi-sector organizational partnerships to improve the reach of their patient-engagement strategies, particularly given incentives to meet cost, quality and population health goals. Little is currently known about the relation of multi-sector partnerships and patient engagement in ACOs.
Purpose: To examine the relation of patient-engagement strategies and breadth of multi-sectoral organizational partnerships in 71 primary care practices affiliated with one of two ACOs.
Methods: Clinical and administrative leaders from each practice were surveyed. Questions assessed practice ...
Enhancing Sexually Transmitted Infection Notification: A Quality Improvement Collaborative Case Report, 2016 University of Florida-Jacksonville-CHEQR
Enhancing Sexually Transmitted Infection Notification: A Quality Improvement Collaborative Case Report, William C. Livingood, Lori Bilello, Katryne Lukens-Bull, Ulyee Choe
Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research
This case study illustrates how a quality improvement (QI) Collaborative supports an implementation study of using mobile phone texting technology for notification of sexually transmitted infections (STI) test results. The County Health Departments making up the QI Collaborative meet monthly to discuss their progress in using QI to advance the use of texting for STI test results. The main purpose of QI Collaboratives is to maximize implementation outcomes through sharing of successes and challenges. The case study report describes how implementation research can adapt to the context of each unique CHD and the users of new knowledge rather than emphasizing ...
Systematic Identification Of Coordination Gaps In Pediatric Care, 2016 Western Michigan University
Systematic Identification Of Coordination Gaps In Pediatric Care, Diana M. Prieto, Anil Kumar, Catherine L. Kothari, Cheryl Dickson
Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research
In the United States, the status of coordination among pediatric care services is not well understood. Through the use of quality improvement (QI) techniques, coordination gaps were systematically identified in the interagency network of pediatric services in Kalamazoo MI. Gaps were found in transportation resources, follow-up procedures, awareness of services, interagency communication, insurance limitations, population behaviors, and resource utilization. This preliminary study reveals the need for (1) protocols for intra- and inter-agency communication, (2) mechanisms for easy and fast retrieval of pediatric resources, and (3) health information exchange.
Using Process Mining To Assess The Fidelity Of A Home Visiting Program, 2016 University of Missouri School of Medicine
Using Process Mining To Assess The Fidelity Of A Home Visiting Program, Riyad Haq, Sofia Campos Vidal Pires, Julie M. Kapp, Sara Schlemper, Eduardo J. Simoes
Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research
Background: The Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) program is a federal public health initiative which supports at-risk families through evidence-based programs and promising approaches for pregnant women, and childhood development for children aged 0 to 5. These public health program funding mechanisms commonly include process evaluation mandates.
Purpose: The use of process mining was explored as a methodology to assess the fidelity of the MIECHV programs’ actual workflow to that of their intended models.
Methods: Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap) data files that were populated with program process data elements from the local implementing agencies were mined ...
Getting Ready For Open Enrollment: Supporting Clients Living With Hiv, 2016 JSI Research & Training Institute, Inc.
Getting Ready For Open Enrollment: Supporting Clients Living With Hiv, Juli Powers, Mira Levinson, Naima Cozier
Rural HIV Research and Training Conference
Open Enrollment for 2017 Marketplace plans begins on November 1, 2016. Programs should prepare now to engage unenrolled and newly-eligible clients, and support clients who enrolled in previous years to compare options and find affordable, quality plans for 2017 that meet their needs. This interactive session will include strategies to engage and enroll people living with HIV in health coverage.
Hattiesburg Community Research Fellows Training Report, 2016 The university of southern mississippi
Hattiesburg Community Research Fellows Training Report, Candace Bright
The Community Research Fellows Training (CRFT) Hattiesburg program took place between January 12th, 2016 and May 17, 2016. This is the third Mississippi cohort of CRFT and the first Mississippi cohort outside of Jackson, Mississippi. This report reflects the implementation and evaluation of a community based participatory training (CBPR) program for community members in Hattiesburg. The report provides data on the assessment of the program’s effectiveness in promoting the role of underserved populations in research by enhancing the capacity for CBPR. In assessing the social network development of the cohort, we seek to understand effectiveness in bridging many community ...
Trends In The Use, Sociodemographic Correlates, And Undertreatment Of Prescription Medications For Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Among Adults With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease In The United States From 1999 To 2010, 2016 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Trends In The Use, Sociodemographic Correlates, And Undertreatment Of Prescription Medications For Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Among Adults With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease In The United States From 1999 To 2010, Earl S. Ford, David M. Mannino, Anne G. Wheaton, Letitia Presley-Cantrell, Yong Liu, Wayne H. Giles, Janet B. Croft
David M. Mannino
BACKGROUND: The extent to which patients with COPD are receiving indicated treatment with medications to improve lung function and recent trends in the use of these medications is not well documented in the United States. The objective of this study was to examine trends in prescription medications for COPD among adults in the United States from 1999 to 2010.
METHODS: We performed a trend analysis using data from up to 1426 participants aged ≥20 years with self-reported COPD from six national surveys (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2010).
RESULTS: During 2009-2010, the age-adjusted percentage of participants who used any ...
Economic Costs And Benefits Of A Community-Based Lymphedema Management Program For Lymphatic Filariasis In Odisha State, India, Eileen Stillwaggon, Larry Sawers, Jonathan Rout, David Addiss, Leanne Fox
Economics Faculty Publications
Lymphatic filariasis afflicts 68 million people in 73 countries, including 17 million persons living with chronic lymphedema. The Global Program to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis aims to stop new infections and to provide care for persons already affected, but morbidity management programs have been initiated in only 24 endemic countries. We examine the economic costs and benefits of alleviating chronic lymphedema and its effects through a simple limb-care program. For Khurda District, Odisha State, India, we estimated lifetime medical costs and earnings losses due to chronic lymphedema and acute dermatolymphangioadenitis (ADLA) with and without a community-based limb-care program. The program would ...
Exposure To Traffic-Related Air Pollution In Relation To Progression In Physical Disability Among Older Adults, 2016 Boise State University
Exposure To Traffic-Related Air Pollution In Relation To Progression In Physical Disability Among Older Adults, Cynthia Curl
BACKGROUND: Physical disability is common though not inevitable in older age and has direct bearing on a person’s ability to perform activities essential for self-care and independent living. Air pollution appears to increase the risk of several chronic diseases that contribute to the progression of disability.
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) in relation to progression in physical disability.
METHODS: We conducted our investigation within the Chicago Health and Aging Project. We measured participants’ exposures to TRAP using two surrogates: residential proximity to major roads (1993 onwards) and ambient concentrations of oxides of nitrogen (NO ...
Interprofessional Research, Training And Outreach: The Etsu Prescription Drug Abuse/Misuse Working Group, 2016 College of Public Health, East Tennessee State University
Interprofessional Research, Training And Outreach: The Etsu Prescription Drug Abuse/Misuse Working Group, Robert P. Pack, Angela Hagaman, Sara Warfield, Jeffry A. Gray, Fred Tudiver, Arsham Alamian, Nicholas E. Hagemeier
International Journal of Health Sciences Education
No abstract provided.
Palliative Chemotherapy Among People Living In Poverty With Metastasised Colon Cancer: Facilitation By Primary Care And Health Insurance, Kevin M. Gorey, Emma Bartfay, Sindu M. Kanjeekal, Frances C. Wright, Caroline Hamm, Isaac N. Luginaah, Guangyong Zou, Eric J. Holowaty, Nancy L. Richter, Madhan K. Balagurusamy
Social Work Publications
Background: Many Americans with metastasised colon cancer do not receive indicated palliative chemotherapy. We examined the effects of health insurance and physician supplies on such chemotherapy in California.
Methods: We analysed registry data for 1199 people with metastasised colon cancer diagnosed between 1996 and 2000 and followed for 1 year. We obtained data on health insurance, census tract-based socioeconomic status and county-level physician supplies. Poor neighbourhoods were oversampled and the criterion was receipt of chemotherapy. Effects were described with rate ratios (RR) and tested with logistic regression models.
Results: Palliative chemotherapy was received by less than half of the participants ...
Building Better Napa: Expanding To Meet The Need, 2016 University of San Francisco
Building Better Napa: Expanding To Meet The Need, Fernando Diaz
The onset of the Affordable Care Act in 2010 has launched a nationwide effort to increase the quality of health for Americans across the country. Part of that effort includes enrolling citizens in health care insurance and placing more emphasis on preventive care at the primary care level. These actions, as well as a growing general and senior population, have contributed to a nationwide shortage of health providers particularly in those areas of rural and low-income communities.
OLE Health, a Federally Qualified Health Center operating 9 sites throughout Napa and Solano Counties is seeing the issue of provider shortage first-hand ...
Improving Data Collection To Reduce Maternal And Infant Mortality And Morbidity In Malawi: Evaluating Chimwemwe Mu'bereki, A Community Based Intervention, Alexandra E. H. Jones
Maternal and infant death rates in Malawi are among the highest in the world. Over 17 million people live in this small country in sub-Saharan Africa, where the country’s life expectancy is just 60.6 years (World Bank, 2015). These deaths can be attributed to many complex factors, including cultural practices, lack of adequate medical equipment, long travel distances to health facilities, low staffing at hospitals and clinics, extreme poverty, and malnutrition. Without government support and intervention, community groups must fill in the gaps to make needed improvements to maternal and infant health outcomes. African Mothers Health Initiative (AMHI ...
Unicef Kid Power: Empowering Kids To Get Active And Save Lives, 2016 University of San Francisco
Unicef Kid Power: Empowering Kids To Get Active And Save Lives, Emily L. Gudaitis
UNICEF Kid Power is a program aimed at increasing U.S. children’s activity levels by tapping into children’s intrinsic desire to do good. Through their activity levels, kids earn points, which unlocks funding from partners that will support treatment for a malnourished child. This one-of-a-kind program was implemented in the Bay Area in Spring 2016 with 7,800 youth participants. The attached paper is a summary of a 300-hour fieldwork experience at the U.S. Fund for UNICEF assisting with the UNICEF Kid Power implementation in the Bay Area. The fieldwork included program implementation and evaluation, presentations at ...
Effective Health Communication Measures Within The Silicon Valley, 2016 University of San Francisco
Effective Health Communication Measures Within The Silicon Valley, Lauren V. Rodrigues
Effective and reliable communication is vital in the field of Public Health. Fieldwork conducted with the Silicon Valley Leadership Group’s Communication Team demonstrated the importance of using various social media platforms to effectively reach the largest audience. Content creators need to be aware of the target audience and identify the appropriate communication platform in order to provide relevant information in the most user-friendly and efficient manner. This paper is a summary of a 300 hour fieldwork experience completed through an internship with the Silicon Valley Leadership Group.