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Weight-Loss Treatment-Induced Physical Activity Associated With Improved Nutrition Through Changes In Social Cognitive Theory Variables In Women With Obesity, James J. Annesi, Nicole Mareno 2017 YMCA of Metropolitan Atlanta, Kennesaw State University

Weight-Loss Treatment-Induced Physical Activity Associated With Improved Nutrition Through Changes In Social Cognitive Theory Variables In Women With Obesity, James J. Annesi, Nicole Mareno

Health Behavior Research

Behavioral weight-loss treatments have typically been unsuccessful and a theoretical. Even when treatments were scientifically derived, theory has rarely been used to decompose, and understand the bases of, their effects. This 2-year study evaluated mediation of the prediction of nutritional changes by changes in physical activity, through social cognitive theory variables. Data from women with Class 1–2 obesity, classified as “insufficiently active” (N = 50; Mage = 47.6 years), were extracted from 2 initial trials of a new cognitive-behavioral intervention. That treatment sought to improve self-regulation, mood, and self-efficacy through increased physical activity, to then induce improved eating and ...


Relationship Of Self-Determination Theory Constructs And Physical Activity And Diet In A Mexican American Population In Nueces County, Texas, Joan E. Cowdery, Jiawei Xing, Brisa N. Sanchez, Kathleen M. Conley, Ken Resnicow, Lewis B. Morgenstern, Devin L. Brown 2017 Eastern Michigan University

Relationship Of Self-Determination Theory Constructs And Physical Activity And Diet In A Mexican American Population In Nueces County, Texas, Joan E. Cowdery, Jiawei Xing, Brisa N. Sanchez, Kathleen M. Conley, Ken Resnicow, Lewis B. Morgenstern, Devin L. Brown

Health Behavior Research

Due to disparities in stroke risk among U.S. Hispanics, the need for culturally tailored, theory based effective health behavior change interventions persists. The purpose of this study was to examine self-determination theory (SDT) constructs related to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in a predominantly Mexican American population. The Stroke Health and Risk Education (SHARE) project was a cluster-randomized, faith-based behavioral intervention trial that enrolled Mexican Americans (MAs) and non-Hispanic whites (NHWs) from Catholic Churches in Nueces County, Texas. Data regarding SDT constructs and dietary and physical activity behaviors were collected via computer-assisted interviews using standardized instruments at the baseline ...


The Future Of Health Behavior Research, John B. Lowe 2017 University of the Sunshine Coast

The Future Of Health Behavior Research, John B. Lowe

Health Behavior Research

This commentary discusses the author's views of the future of health behavior research.


Knowledge, Attitudes, And Behaviours Of New Zealand Youth In Surf Beach Environments, Stacey M. Pidgeon-Willcox, Bridget Kool, Kevin Moran Ph.D. 2017 University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand; Royal Life Saving Society - Australia

Knowledge, Attitudes, And Behaviours Of New Zealand Youth In Surf Beach Environments, Stacey M. Pidgeon-Willcox, Bridget Kool, Kevin Moran Ph.D.

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

New Zealand youth are over-represented in drowning statistics yet little is known about their understanding of water safety, especially in surf beach context. This study aimed to ascertain current youth surf safety knowledge, specifically rip current awareness, explore self-reported competencies and confidence when surf swimming, and examine youth behaviour when at the beach. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among senior high school students (n = 599) in Auckland, New Zealand. Over half (58%) reported they were unable to swim > 100 m in a pool. Males and students of European-New Zealand and Maori (New Zealand’s indigenous population) heritage were most likely ...


Intergenerational Music Therapy : Bridging The Generational Gap Through Community-Based Music Making., Michael R. Detmer, Petra Kern, Jill Jacobi-Vessels, Kristi M. King 2017 University of Louisville

Intergenerational Music Therapy : Bridging The Generational Gap Through Community-Based Music Making., Michael R. Detmer, Petra Kern, Jill Jacobi-Vessels, Kristi M. King

Kristi King

No abstract provided.


Mobile-Based Sidewalk Inventory App For Smart Communities, Health, And Safety, Madhav Erraguntla, Dursun Delen, Rupesh K. Agrawal, Karthic Madanagopal, Richard Mayer 2017 Knowledge Based Systems Inc.

Mobile-Based Sidewalk Inventory App For Smart Communities, Health, And Safety, Madhav Erraguntla, Dursun Delen, Rupesh K. Agrawal, Karthic Madanagopal, Richard Mayer

Suburban Sustainability

As the United States and other nations strive to cope with the obesity epidemic (NCHS, 2015), progressive communities are developing sidewalk infrastructure to promote physical activity and health. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) recommends that community-based interventions like neighborhood walk, bike programs etc. have shown to be effective in promoting physical activity and health. Smart cities are embracing the development of community trails and promoting their use to increase physical activity among youth and adults. System implementation, data collection, and analysis were performed from January 2015 through July 2015. To promote these objectives, communities and cities need accurate information ...


The Determinants Of Strength Training In Rural Women, Ages 20-44 Years: A Qualitative Study, Dziyana Nazaruk, Stuart H. Tedders, Moya L. Alfonso, Robert Vogel 2017 Georgia Southern University

The Determinants Of Strength Training In Rural Women, Ages 20-44 Years: A Qualitative Study, Dziyana Nazaruk, Stuart H. Tedders, Moya L. Alfonso, Robert Vogel

Robert L. Vogel

Despite multiple health benefits of strength training, it is reported that only 14.7% of American women engage in the recommended amount of physical activity. Whereas the potential negative consequences of not exercising are well documented, there is a scarcity of literature that investigates the determinants of strength training in rural women. In-depth interviews were utilized to identify the perceptions, knowledge, motivation, and skills regarding strength training. Fifteen women from four target counties participated in this qualitative study. The study was guided by Self-determination Theory. Results indicated that factors such as the lack of knowledge about strength training, the lack ...


The Role Of Intermittent Preventive Treatment For Malaria In Saving Lives And Promoting Drug Resistance, Carrie Manore 2017 Illinois State University

The Role Of Intermittent Preventive Treatment For Malaria In Saving Lives And Promoting Drug Resistance, Carrie Manore

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Physical Activity And Muscular Strengthening In Pregnancy: A Comparison Between Rural And Urban Women, Elizabeth S. Marshall, Bridget Melton, Helen W. Bland, Jacquelyn Nagle 2017 Rural Health Research Institute

Physical Activity And Muscular Strengthening In Pregnancy: A Comparison Between Rural And Urban Women, Elizabeth S. Marshall, Bridget Melton, Helen W. Bland, Jacquelyn Nagle

Helen W. Bland

Background: Though known to improve pregnancy outcomes, physical activity generally decreases through pregnancy. Though some research has shown rural American women to be less active than urban dwellers, little is known regarding differences in such specific activities between rural and urban pregnant women. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare self-reported physical activity patterns and muscular strength training activities between rural and urban pregnant women. Sample: Sample included 88 rural and urban pregnant women, mean age 25.83, in the southeastern region of the United States. Method: Women were recruited from the waiting rooms of regional obstetrician offices ...


A Qualitative Study Of Stress, Stressors And Stress Management, Helen W. Bland, Bridget F. Melton, Stephen Patrick Gonzalez 2017 Georgia Southern University

A Qualitative Study Of Stress, Stressors And Stress Management, Helen W. Bland, Bridget F. Melton, Stephen Patrick Gonzalez

Helen W. Bland

Background: Stress is part of the college experience; however, how students deal with stress can greatly impact their behaviors and health status. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to qualitatively assess sources of stress, types of stressors, and coping mechanisms employed among undergraduate students. Methods: Nominal group process was utilized to obtain information related to study variables and help prioritize the accounts provided by study participants (n = 173). Results: Participants gave insight into the unique stress faced by this generation (grades, GPA, multitasking, parental expectations), stress symptoms (more psychological in nature), and coping strategies (prayer, talking to mom, surfing ...


Listening To The Voices Of Haiti: Exploring The Connection Of Education, Health And Quality Of Life In The Democratization Of A Society, Catherine A. Hansman, Helen W. Bland 2017 Cleveland State University

Listening To The Voices Of Haiti: Exploring The Connection Of Education, Health And Quality Of Life In The Democratization Of A Society, Catherine A. Hansman, Helen W. Bland

Helen W. Bland

The purpose of this study was to ascertain the levels of literacy among Haitian citizens and to understand their perceptions concerning the importance and availability of literacy programs and democratic process training. Since democratic process, education, and access to information are intrinsically linked, the intent of the authors of this paper was to explore the connection of education, health, and the quality of life in the democratization process in Haiti. The results of this study found continued low literacy rates, little access to education and political information, and people proclaiming that their quality of life is worse that it has ...


Assessing The National Cancer Institute's Smokefreemom Text-Messaging Program For Pregnant Smokers: Pilot Randomized Trial., Lorien C Abroms, Shawn Chiang, Laura Macherelli, Leah Leavitt, Margaret Montgomery 2017 George Washington University

Assessing The National Cancer Institute's Smokefreemom Text-Messaging Program For Pregnant Smokers: Pilot Randomized Trial., Lorien C Abroms, Shawn Chiang, Laura Macherelli, Leah Leavitt, Margaret Montgomery

Prevention and Community Health Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Automated text messages on mobile phones have been found to be effective for smoking cessation in adult smokers.

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to test the acceptability and feasibility of SmokefreeMOM, a national smoking cessation text-messaging program for pregnant smokers.

METHODS: Participants were recruited from prenatal care and randomized to receive SmokefreeMOM (n=55), an automated smoking cessation text-messaging program, or a control text message quitline referral (n=44). Participants were surveyed by phone at baseline and at 1 month and 3 months after enrollment.

RESULTS: Results indicate that the SmokefreeMOM program was highly rated overall and rated more favorably ...


Differences In Health Literacy Knowledge And Experiences Among Senior Nursing Students, Sharon S. Williamson, Joanne Chopak-Foss 2017 Georgia Southern University

Differences In Health Literacy Knowledge And Experiences Among Senior Nursing Students, Sharon S. Williamson, Joanne Chopak-Foss

Joanne Chopak-Foss

Background: Low health literacy has been identified as a significant public health problem. Also, higher expenditures due to longer hospital stays have been reported for persons with low health literacy. Nurses can assist patients with low health literacy to reduce their hospital stays and increase compliance with discharge instructions. Methods: A quantitative, descriptive research design was employed to assess knowledge and experiences of 192 senior nursing students. These students were administered the Health Literacy Knowledge and Experiences Survey (HL-KES), a 2- part survey that included assessment of knowledge about health literacy and experience in working with populations of low health ...


An Analysis Of The Sleep Quality Of Undergraduate Students, Brianna N. Carter, Joanne Chopak-Foss 2017 Georgia Southern University

An Analysis Of The Sleep Quality Of Undergraduate Students, Brianna N. Carter, Joanne Chopak-Foss

Joanne Chopak-Foss

Background and Aims: The purpose of this study was to measure the sleep quality of a sample of undergraduate students and compare it to the recommendations for young adults from the National Sleep Foundation. Methods: A sample of undergraduate students from a mid-sized public university in the Southeast were recruited for this study (N=86). The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was employed to assess sleep quality of the students. Results: Frequency analysis found that most students did not get the minimum amount of sleep as recommended by the National Sleep Foundation. A nonparametric correlation (listwise) analysis found a positive ...


Effect Of Air Flow Rates In Versatrap Slit Impactor Cassettes On The Collection Of Atmospheric Mold Spores In A Rural Community, Bushra Shah, Tedd Gandy, Oreoluwa Adeyinka, Galela Shebani, Atin Adhikari 2017 Georgia Southern University

Effect Of Air Flow Rates In Versatrap Slit Impactor Cassettes On The Collection Of Atmospheric Mold Spores In A Rural Community, Bushra Shah, Tedd Gandy, Oreoluwa Adeyinka, Galela Shebani, Atin Adhikari

Atin Adhikari

Exposure to mold allergens including mold spores and hyphal fragments are associated with allergic sensitization which is a risk factor for asthma in a community. Smaller aerodynamic size of spores (åµm) allows them to penetrate and settle in the lower airways and produce damaging byproducts (allergens, glucans, mycotoxins, and other immunomodulators). Usually mold spores in ambient atmosphere are collected by impactors in air monitoring stations and in most cases these impactors are operated in a single standard air flow rate. However, sampling efficiency of an impactor can change in different air flow rates and since spore aerodynamic sizes vary a ...


Inhalable Exposure Levels Of Airborne Mold Spores In Rural Georgia Homes, Jacquelyn Lewis, Alli McInerney, Errol Spence, Bushra Shah, Atin Adhikari 2017 Georgia Southern University

Inhalable Exposure Levels Of Airborne Mold Spores In Rural Georgia Homes, Jacquelyn Lewis, Alli Mcinerney, Errol Spence, Bushra Shah, Atin Adhikari

Atin Adhikari

Exposure to mold is known to cause allergic symptoms. Most molds produce highly allergenic proteins or glycoproteins that can cause hypersensitivity diseases in susceptible hosts. Between 10% and 60% of genetically susceptible persons develop immediate hypersensitivity to mold. The Institute of Medicine report on Damp Indoor Spaces and Health states that there is sufficient evidence to conclude that a causal relationship exists between the presence of mold and upper respiratory tract symptoms, cough, hypersensitivity pneumonitis in susceptible persons, wheeze, and asthma symptoms in sensitized asthmatic persons. To our knowledge, no research has been conducted in rural Georgia to test the ...


Microbial Activity And Airborne Culturable Microbial Concentrations In South Georgia Homes, Alli McInerney, Jacquelyn Lewis, Errol Spence, Bushra Shah, Atin Adhikari 2017 Georgia Southern University

Microbial Activity And Airborne Culturable Microbial Concentrations In South Georgia Homes, Alli Mcinerney, Jacquelyn Lewis, Errol Spence, Bushra Shah, Atin Adhikari

Atin Adhikari

Indoor microorganisms and microbial allergens can lead to harmful respiratory effects in the human body such as allergies, asthma, chronic bronchitis, infections, and even contamination of food stuffs. This study was conducted in order to test the indoor microbial pollutants in local Statesboro homes, and relate the findings to respiratory disease symptoms of occupants. Thus far, samples have been collected and data analyzed for 15 homes. This specific part of the study focuses on the amount of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in homes. ATP is a source of energy produced through glucose metabolism and the citric acid cycle. ATP levels can ...


Effect Of Natural Products On Overall Microbial Activity In Household Items, Teyaijah Givens, Nosa Lloyd Nwaonumah, Brittany Loadholt, Bushra Shah, Atin Adhikari 2017 Georgia Southern University

Effect Of Natural Products On Overall Microbial Activity In Household Items, Teyaijah Givens, Nosa Lloyd Nwaonumah, Brittany Loadholt, Bushra Shah, Atin Adhikari

Atin Adhikari

Indoor contamination from microorganisms is an important health hazard issue (e.g., respiratory allergy, infections, and food contamination). Particularly, growth of molds and bacteria in damp environmental conditions could be hazardous for the occupants susceptible to microbial allergens. The growing awareness concerning the adverse effects of chlorine bleach and cleaning chemicals calls for field-testing new natural ingredients with functional properties against microorganisms. Essential oils possess a wide spectrum of antimicrobial activity, which may be of great importance for controlling indoor microbial exposure. The objective of this study was to investigate how microbial growth in different surfaces of homes reacted to ...


Airborne Bacterial Exposure At Workers' Breathing Height In An Organic Farm Of Rural Georgia, Tedd Gandy, Nabanita Mukherjee, Bushra Shah, Subhrajit K. Saha, Pratik Banerjee, Atin Adhikari 2017 Georgia Southern University

Airborne Bacterial Exposure At Workers' Breathing Height In An Organic Farm Of Rural Georgia, Tedd Gandy, Nabanita Mukherjee, Bushra Shah, Subhrajit K. Saha, Pratik Banerjee, Atin Adhikari

Atin Adhikari

Organic farming has potentials to contribute substantially to future sustainable agricultural production by improving soil quality, pest control, and reduction of adverse environmental impacts in rural agricultural communities. On the other hand, application of natural farmyard manure may increase the microbial biomass in this environment and consequently microbial exposure levels among workers could be increased. To explore this possibility of excess exposure, particularly to airborne bacteria, we conducted air sampling at the vicinity of poultry and dairy sections of a large organic farm in a rural Georgia location. For air sampling, a Biostage viable cascade impactor was utilized, which comprises ...


Brief Report: Medication Sharing Is Rare Among African Hiv-1 Serodiscordant Couples Enrolled In An Efficacy Trial Of Oral Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep) For Hiv-1 Prevention, Kerry A. Thomson, Jessica Haberer, Mark A. Marzinke, Andrew Mujugira, Craig Hendrix, Connie Celum, Patrick Ndase, Alan Ronald, David Bangsberg, Jared Baeten 2017 University of Washington

Brief Report: Medication Sharing Is Rare Among African Hiv-1 Serodiscordant Couples Enrolled In An Efficacy Trial Of Oral Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep) For Hiv-1 Prevention, Kerry A. Thomson, Jessica Haberer, Mark A. Marzinke, Andrew Mujugira, Craig Hendrix, Connie Celum, Patrick Ndase, Alan Ronald, David Bangsberg, Jared Baeten

David Bangsberg

Sharing of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) medications is a concern for PrEP implementation. For HIV-1 serodiscordant couples, sharing may undermine the HIV-1 prevention benefit and also cause antiretroviral resistance if taken by HIV-1 infected partners. Within a PrEP efficacy trial among HIV-1 serodiscordant couples, we assessed the occurrence of PrEP sharing by self-report and plasma tenofovir concentrations in HIV-1 infected partners. PrEP sharing was self-reported at < 0.01% of visits, and 0% -1.6% of randomly selected and 0% of purposively selected specimens from HIV-1 infected participants had detectable tenofovir concentrations (median: 66.5 ng/mL, range: 1.3-292 ng/mL ...


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