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Inside The Juvenile Justice System, Megan Phalon 2016 University of San Francisco

Inside The Juvenile Justice System, Megan Phalon

Master's Projects

The United States of America is known for freedom and integrity and being a nation that stands for justice and equality for all. Within the United States there are systems in place to better the people and communities in order to provide safety and order. However, just as any nation, there is a struggle with violent behavior and tendencies among adults and adolescents. Within the last three decades, the United States has created a correctional system that specifically targets adolescents, and that acknowledges the differences between adult and juvenile development and deviant behavior. Within this literature review, academic databases were ...


Exposure To Traffic-Related Air Pollution In Relation To Progression In Physical Disability Among Older Adults, Cynthia Curl 2016 Boise State University

Exposure To Traffic-Related Air Pollution In Relation To Progression In Physical Disability Among Older Adults, Cynthia Curl

Cynthia Curl

BACKGROUND: Physical disability is common though not inevitable in older age and has direct bearing on a person’s ability to perform activities essential for self-care and independent living. Air pollution appears to increase the risk of several chronic diseases that contribute to the progression of disability.

OBJECTIVE: We evaluated long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) in relation to progression in physical disability.

METHODS: We conducted our investigation within the Chicago Health and Aging Project. We measured participants’ exposures to TRAP using two surrogates: residential proximity to major roads (1993 onwards) and ambient concentrations of oxides of nitrogen (NO ...


Interprofessional Research, Training And Outreach: The Etsu Prescription Drug Abuse/Misuse Working Group, Robert P. Pack, Angela Hagaman, Sara Warfield, Jeffry A. Gray, Fred Tudiver, Arsham Alamian, Nicholas E. Hagemeier 2016 College of Public Health, East Tennessee State University

Interprofessional Research, Training And Outreach: The Etsu Prescription Drug Abuse/Misuse Working Group, Robert P. Pack, Angela Hagaman, Sara Warfield, Jeffry A. Gray, Fred Tudiver, Arsham Alamian, Nicholas E. Hagemeier

International Journal of Health Sciences Education

No abstract provided.


Palliative Chemotherapy Among People Living In Poverty With Metastasised Colon Cancer: Facilitation By Primary Care And Health Insurance, Kevin M. Gorey, Emma Bartfay, Sindu M. Kanjeekal, Frances C. Wright, Caroline Hamm, Isaac N. Luginaah, Guangyong Zou, Eric J. Holowaty, Nancy L. Richter, Madhan K. Balagurusamy 2016 University of Windsor

Palliative Chemotherapy Among People Living In Poverty With Metastasised Colon Cancer: Facilitation By Primary Care And Health Insurance, Kevin M. Gorey, Emma Bartfay, Sindu M. Kanjeekal, Frances C. Wright, Caroline Hamm, Isaac N. Luginaah, Guangyong Zou, Eric J. Holowaty, Nancy L. Richter, Madhan K. Balagurusamy

Social Work Publications

Background: Many Americans with metastasised colon cancer do not receive indicated palliative chemotherapy. We examined the effects of health insurance and physician supplies on such chemotherapy in California.

Methods: We analysed registry data for 1199 people with metastasised colon cancer diagnosed between 1996 and 2000 and followed for 1 year. We obtained data on health insurance, census tract-based socioeconomic status and county-level physician supplies. Poor neighbourhoods were oversampled and the criterion was receipt of chemotherapy. Effects were described with rate ratios (RR) and tested with logistic regression models.

Results: Palliative chemotherapy was received by less than half of the participants ...


Building Better Napa: Expanding To Meet The Need, Fernando Diaz 2016 University of San Francisco

Building Better Napa: Expanding To Meet The Need, Fernando Diaz

Master's Projects

The onset of the Affordable Care Act in 2010 has launched a nationwide effort to increase the quality of health for Americans across the country. Part of that effort includes enrolling citizens in health care insurance and placing more emphasis on preventive care at the primary care level. These actions, as well as a growing general and senior population, have contributed to a nationwide shortage of health providers particularly in those areas of rural and low-income communities.

OLE Health, a Federally Qualified Health Center operating 9 sites throughout Napa and Solano Counties is seeing the issue of provider shortage first-hand ...


Improving Data Collection To Reduce Maternal And Infant Mortality And Morbidity In Malawi: Evaluating Chimwemwe Mu'bereki, A Community Based Intervention, Alexandra E. H. Jones 2016 University of San Francisco

Improving Data Collection To Reduce Maternal And Infant Mortality And Morbidity In Malawi: Evaluating Chimwemwe Mu'bereki, A Community Based Intervention, Alexandra E. H. Jones

Master's Projects

Maternal and infant death rates in Malawi are among the highest in the world. Over 17 million people live in this small country in sub-Saharan Africa, where the country’s life expectancy is just 60.6 years (World Bank, 2015). These deaths can be attributed to many complex factors, including cultural practices, lack of adequate medical equipment, long travel distances to health facilities, low staffing at hospitals and clinics, extreme poverty, and malnutrition. Without government support and intervention, community groups must fill in the gaps to make needed improvements to maternal and infant health outcomes. African Mothers Health Initiative (AMHI ...


Association Of Common Mental Disorder Symptoms With Health And Healthcare Factors Among Women In Rural Western India: Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Nancy Byatt, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jagdish Vankar, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Somashekhar Nimbalkar 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Association Of Common Mental Disorder Symptoms With Health And Healthcare Factors Among Women In Rural Western India: Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Nancy Byatt, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jagdish Vankar, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Somashekhar Nimbalkar

Tiffany A. Moore Simas

OBJECTIVES: Information about common mental disorders (CMD) is needed to guide policy and clinical interventions in low-income and middle-income countries. This study's purpose was to characterise the association of CMD symptoms with 3 inter-related health and healthcare factors among women from rural western India based on a representative, cross-sectional survey.

SETTING: Surveys were conducted in the waiting area of various outpatient clinics at a tertiary care hospital and in 16 rural villages in the Anand district of Gujarat, India.

PARTICIPANTS: 700 Gujarati-speaking women between the ages of 18-45 years who resided in the Anand district of Gujarat, India, were ...


Association Of Common Mental Disorder Symptoms With Health And Healthcare Factors Among Women In Rural Western India: Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Nancy Byatt, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jagdish Vankar, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Somashekhar Nimbalkar 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Association Of Common Mental Disorder Symptoms With Health And Healthcare Factors Among Women In Rural Western India: Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Nancy Byatt, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jagdish Vankar, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Somashekhar Nimbalkar

Jeroan J. Allison

OBJECTIVES: Information about common mental disorders (CMD) is needed to guide policy and clinical interventions in low-income and middle-income countries. This study's purpose was to characterise the association of CMD symptoms with 3 inter-related health and healthcare factors among women from rural western India based on a representative, cross-sectional survey.

SETTING: Surveys were conducted in the waiting area of various outpatient clinics at a tertiary care hospital and in 16 rural villages in the Anand district of Gujarat, India.

PARTICIPANTS: 700 Gujarati-speaking women between the ages of 18-45 years who resided in the Anand district of Gujarat, India, were ...


Association Of Common Mental Disorder Symptoms With Health And Healthcare Factors Among Women In Rural Western India: Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Nancy Byatt, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jagdish Vankar, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Somashekhar Nimbalkar 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Association Of Common Mental Disorder Symptoms With Health And Healthcare Factors Among Women In Rural Western India: Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Nancy Byatt, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jagdish Vankar, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Somashekhar Nimbalkar

Nancy Byatt

OBJECTIVES: Information about common mental disorders (CMD) is needed to guide policy and clinical interventions in low-income and middle-income countries. This study's purpose was to characterise the association of CMD symptoms with 3 inter-related health and healthcare factors among women from rural western India based on a representative, cross-sectional survey.

SETTING: Surveys were conducted in the waiting area of various outpatient clinics at a tertiary care hospital and in 16 rural villages in the Anand district of Gujarat, India.

PARTICIPANTS: 700 Gujarati-speaking women between the ages of 18-45 years who resided in the Anand district of Gujarat, India, were ...


Rural Opioid Abuse: Prevalence And User Characteristics, Jennifer Lenardson, John A. Gale, Erika Ziller 2016 University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service, Maine Rural Health Research Center

Rural Opioid Abuse: Prevalence And User Characteristics, Jennifer Lenardson, John A. Gale, Erika Ziller

Jennifer Lenardson

This study examined the prevalence of non-medical use of pain relievers and heroin in the past year in rural and urban areas and the socio-demographic and economic characteristics associated with their use. Additionally, we examined opioid use by age at first use as well as dependence and abuse; treatment history and perceived need for treatment; use of alcohol and other drugs; perceived risk of using drugs and availability of drugs; problems resulting from the use of drugs; driving under the influence; and illegal activities and arrest records.


Rural Opioid Abuse: Prevalence And User Characteristics, Jennifer Lenardson, John A. Gale, Erika Ziller 2016 University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service, Maine Rural Health Research Center

Rural Opioid Abuse: Prevalence And User Characteristics, Jennifer Lenardson, John A. Gale, Erika Ziller

Jennifer Lenardson

This study examined the prevalence of non-medical use of pain relievers and heroin in the past year in rural and urban areas and the socio-demographic and economic characteristics associated with their use. Additionally, we examined opioid use by age at first use as well as dependence and abuse; treatment history and perceived need for treatment; use of alcohol and other drugs; perceived risk of using drugs and availability of drugs; problems resulting from the use of drugs; driving under the influence; and illegal activities and arrest records.


Neighborhood Differences In The Availability Of Healthy Foods In The City Of Worcester, Kevin Kane, Maximilian Hoffman, Jie Cheng, Barbara C. Olendzki, Wenjun Li 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Neighborhood Differences In The Availability Of Healthy Foods In The City Of Worcester, Kevin Kane, Maximilian Hoffman, Jie Cheng, Barbara C. Olendzki, Wenjun Li

Wenjun Li

INTRODUCTION. Neighborhood food environment is important to healthy eating. The availability and proximity of healthy foods has been shown to affect dietary quality, obesity, and overall health. We surveyed food stores throughout City of Worcester to assess the variability of food availability in neighborhoods and inequalities in access to fresh produce, unprocessed foods, and other healthy food options by neighborhood socioeconomic status (N-SES).

METHODS. Where permitted by the store manager, the Community Nutrition Environment Evaluation Data Systems (C-NEEDS) survey was completed inside the store by trained staff. Healthy Food Availability Index (HFAI; range 0-56) and Unhealthy Food Availability Index (UFAI ...


Culturally Adaptive Storytelling Method To Improve Hypertension Control In Vietnam - "We Talk About Our Hypertension": Study Protocol For A Feasibility Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial, Jeroan J. Allison, Hoa L. Nguyen, Duc A. Ha, German A. Pihan, Ha N. Ly, Hanh T. Tran, Ngoc T. Phan, Nguyen C. Vu, Minjin Kim, Robert J. Goldberg 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Culturally Adaptive Storytelling Method To Improve Hypertension Control In Vietnam - "We Talk About Our Hypertension": Study Protocol For A Feasibility Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial, Jeroan J. Allison, Hoa L. Nguyen, Duc A. Ha, German A. Pihan, Ha N. Ly, Hanh T. Tran, Ngoc T. Phan, Nguyen C. Vu, Minjin Kim, Robert J. Goldberg

Jeroan J. Allison

BACKGROUND: Vietnam is experiencing an epidemiologic transition with an increased prevalence of non-communicable diseases. At present, the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) are either on the rise or at alarming levels in Vietnam; inasmuch, the burden of CVD will continue to increase in this country unless effective prevention and control measures are put in place. A national survey in 2008 found that the prevalence of hypertension (HTN) was approximately 25 % among Vietnamese adults and it increased with advancing age. Therefore, novel, large-scale, and sustainable interventions for public health education to promote engagement in the process of detecting and ...


Can Physician Champions Improve Kangaroo Care? Trends Over 5 Years In Rural Western India, Apurv Soni, Amee Amin, Dipen V. Patel, Nisha Fahey, Ajay G. Phatak, Jeroan Allison, Somashekhar M. Nimbalkar 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Can Physician Champions Improve Kangaroo Care? Trends Over 5 Years In Rural Western India, Apurv Soni, Amee Amin, Dipen V. Patel, Nisha Fahey, Ajay G. Phatak, Jeroan Allison, Somashekhar M. Nimbalkar

Jeroan J. Allison

Introduction: In 2013, approximately 2.8 million children worldwide died within the neonatal period. India is at the epicenter of this tragedy, accounting for one-third of all neonatal mortalities. Prematurity and/or with low birth weight are the leading cause of neonatal mortality and India has the highest number of neonates born preterm and weighing less than 2,500 grams worldwide. It is estimated that Kangaroo Care can avert up to 48% of all neonatal deaths among premature babies by 2025. However, the promise of Kangaroo Care as a low-cost, safe, and efficacious intervention to reduce neonatal mortality in India ...


Are Electronic Cigarettes The Solution To Smoking Cessation?, Heather L. Walsh, Audrey L. McMurray 2016 James Madison University

Are Electronic Cigarettes The Solution To Smoking Cessation?, Heather L. Walsh, Audrey L. Mcmurray

Physician Assistant Capstones

Objectives: Little is known regarding the effectiveness of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) as therapy to aid in smoking cessation. Many hypothesize that e-cigarettes are equally as effective or more effective than alternate smoking cessation therapies. The purpose of this review was to examine the evidence on effectiveness of e-cigarettes on smoking cessation and quitting behavior as compared to other smoking cessation therapies, or no therapy at all.

Methods: Searches were done in PubMed utilizing the terms “electronic cigarettes” and “smoking cessation” [MeSH terms]. In PubMed, the following filters limits were used: published in the last 5 years, human species, English language ...


Routine Screening For Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Is It For Everyone?, Catherine E. Nowak 2016 James Madison University

Routine Screening For Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Is It For Everyone?, Catherine E. Nowak

Physician Assistant Capstones

Objective: Determine whether routine abdominal ultrasound screening in all men ages 65 and over, not just those who are symptomatic or at risk, would be beneficial in reducing the mortality rate from abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). Design: Systematic literature review. Methods: The clinical question investigated is whether routine ultrasound screening of AAA for men over age 65 reduces AAA-related mortality as compared to not routinely screening. Searches were done through PubMed using the keywords: screening, abdominal aortic aneurysm, reduce, and mortality. Citations used by the USPSTF AAA screening guidelines were also added to the literature search. In PubMed, further limitations ...


Factors Associated With Knowledge Of A Good Samaritan Law Among Young Adults Who Use Prescription Opioids Non-Medically, Tristan I. Evans, Scott E. Hadland, Melissa A. Clark, Traci C. Green, Brandon D.L. Marshall 2016 Brown University

Factors Associated With Knowledge Of A Good Samaritan Law Among Young Adults Who Use Prescription Opioids Non-Medically, Tristan I. Evans, Scott E. Hadland, Melissa A. Clark, Traci C. Green, Brandon D.L. Marshall

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: To date, no studies have examined the extent of knowledge and perceptions of Good Samaritan Laws (GSLs) among young adults who engage in non-medical prescription opioid (NMPO) use. We sought to determine awareness of and factors associated with knowledge of Rhode Island's Good Samaritan Law (RIGSL) among young adult NMPO users.

FINDINGS: We compared the sociodemographic and overdose-related characteristics of participants who were aware and unaware of the RIGSL and determined independent correlates of knowledge of the RIGSL via modified stepwise logistic regression. Among 198 eligible participants, 15.7 % were black, 62.1 % white, and 20.7 % mixed ...


Weight Gain Prevention In The School Worksite Setting: Results Of A Multi-Level Cluster Randomized Trial, Stephenie C. Lemon, Monica L. Wang, Nicole M. Wedick, Barbara Estabrook, Susan Druker, Kristin L. Schneider, Wenjun Li, Lori Pbert 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Weight Gain Prevention In The School Worksite Setting: Results Of A Multi-Level Cluster Randomized Trial, Stephenie C. Lemon, Monica L. Wang, Nicole M. Wedick, Barbara Estabrook, Susan Druker, Kristin L. Schneider, Wenjun Li, Lori Pbert

Barbara Estabrook

OBJECTIVE: To describe the effectiveness, reach and implementation of a weight gain prevention intervention among public school employees.

METHOD: A multi-level intervention was tested in a cluster randomized trial among 782 employees in 12 central Massachusetts public high schools from 2009 to 2012. The intervention targeted the nutrition and physical activity environment and policies, the social environment and individual knowledge, attitudes and skills. The intervention was compared to a materials only condition. The primary outcome measures were change in weight and body mass index (BMI) at 24-month follow-up. Implementation of physical environment, policy and social environment strategies at the school ...


Have You Counted The Ingredients On Your Child's Lunch Tray?: An Economic Analysis Of Sustainability Initiatives Within The School Lunch Program, Vanessa R. Scalora 2016 Ursinus College

Have You Counted The Ingredients On Your Child's Lunch Tray?: An Economic Analysis Of Sustainability Initiatives Within The School Lunch Program, Vanessa R. Scalora

Business and Economics Summer Fellows

In 2010, President Obama signed the Healthy Hunger Free Kids Act, establishing a monetary incentive for schools that served meals following a more rigorous nutritional requirement than standard guidelines. This act is a step in the right direction towards placing more importance on school lunches, however America’s lunchroom practices continue to be environmentally unsustainable, and students absorb this message. The production and transportation of processed cafeteria food contributes to climate change, its packaging is polluting, and its consumption contributes to obesity. The use of premade foods and sales from vending machines increase as lunch times grow ever shorter. In ...


Development Of A Capacity Building Program For Village Health Volunteers To Support Self-Management In A High Risk Population For Diabetes In A Rural Community In Northeast Thailand, Pakinee Srisarakham, Kwanjai Amnatsatsue, Patcharaporn Kerdmongkol, Prasit Leerapan 2016 Mahidol University, Thailand

Development Of A Capacity Building Program For Village Health Volunteers To Support Self-Management In A High Risk Population For Diabetes In A Rural Community In Northeast Thailand, Pakinee Srisarakham, Kwanjai Amnatsatsue, Patcharaporn Kerdmongkol, Prasit Leerapan

Asian/Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Similar to other parts of the world, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the Asia-Pacific Region has rapidly increased during the last few decades. The purposes of this pilot study were to determine the feasibility and the effects of a capacity building program for Village Health Volunteers (VHVs) to support self-management in a T2DM high risk population from a rural subdistrict in Northeast Thailand. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected using surveys, focus group discussions, and in-depth interviews. Data were analyzed and used to develop a 12-week capacity building program for VHVs. This program was then ...


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