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Ethnicity Matters: Implications For Understanding And Acting Upon Disparities In Health Affecting Black Men In The United States, Helen V. S. Cole 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Ethnicity Matters: Implications For Understanding And Acting Upon Disparities In Health Affecting Black Men In The United States, Helen V. S. Cole

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Compared to non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks have higher rates of mortality from heart disease, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and HIV/AIDS. Black men have a life expectancy approximately 4.7 years than the life expectancy of non-Hispanic white men, due in part to higher prevalence of chronic disease among black men. Many factors are hypothesized to contribute to disparities in health between races, including differences in socioeconomic status; culturally-linked behaviors such as diet, substance use, and physical activity; access to quality healthcare and other resources; and experiences of racism, both institutional and interpersonal. However, in public health research, race is usually ...


Improving Policies Impacting School Absenteeism Due To Influenza Using Agent-Based Simulation Modeling., Galina V. Miller 2016 Purdue Polytechnic Institute

Improving Policies Impacting School Absenteeism Due To Influenza Using Agent-Based Simulation Modeling., Galina V. Miller

Purdue P-12 Networking Summit & Poster Session

No abstract provided.


Discordant Documentation Of Obesity Body Mass Index And Obesity Diagnosis In Electronic Medical Records, Jennifer T. Fink, George L. Morris III, Maharaj Singh, David A. Nelson, Renee E. Walker, Ron A. Cisler 2016 Aurora Health Care

Discordant Documentation Of Obesity Body Mass Index And Obesity Diagnosis In Electronic Medical Records, Jennifer T. Fink, George L. Morris Iii, Maharaj Singh, David A. Nelson, Renee E. Walker, Ron A. Cisler

Maharaj Singh

Purpose: This study examined concordance between presence of obesity body mass index (BMI), defined as BMI ≥ 30, in the patient’s electronic medical record (EMR) and a documented diagnosis of obesity.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of the EMR in a large health care system for a 1-year period (2012). A total of 397,313 patients met the study criteria of having at least one physician visit, being at least 18 years of age, and not being pregnant. Of those, 158,327 (40%) had a recorded BMI ≥ 30. We examined the EMR of these obese patients to determine whether ...


Impact Of The Heart Watch Program On Patients At Risk Of Developing Metabolic Syndrome, Prediabetes Or Cardiovascular Disease, Jennifer T. Fink, Kathryn K. Havens, Julia A. Schumacher, Renee E. Walker, George L. Morris III, David A. Nelson, Maharaj Singh, Ron A. Cisler 2016 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Impact Of The Heart Watch Program On Patients At Risk Of Developing Metabolic Syndrome, Prediabetes Or Cardiovascular Disease, Jennifer T. Fink, Kathryn K. Havens, Julia A. Schumacher, Renee E. Walker, George L. Morris Iii, David A. Nelson, Maharaj Singh, Ron A. Cisler

Maharaj Singh

Purpose

Metabolic syndrome is a set of metabolic risk factors associated with increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. We retrospectively evaluated the effectiveness of a lifestyle modification program (Heart WATCH) geared toward reducing development of chronic disease in women deemed at risk for metabolic syndrome, prediabetes and/or cardiovascular disease.

Methods

Our institution’s Heart WATCH program consists of screening sessions with a multidisciplinary team (physician/nurse, nutritionist and psychologist), a minimum of three visits with a nurse practitioner and weekly follow-up phone calls for a 14-week period. Sociodemographic variables were obtained at initial visit ...


Impacts From The Use Of Antibiotics In Livestock: Methods Of Transmission Of Antibiotic Resistance From Livestock To Humans, Kristin M. Walden 2016 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Impacts From The Use Of Antibiotics In Livestock: Methods Of Transmission Of Antibiotic Resistance From Livestock To Humans, Kristin M. Walden

Biology: Student Scholarship & Creative Works

Antibiotic use in livestock production has been around since the 1950s. Antibiotic feed is used in livestock and other meat producing animals for three reasons: illness prevention, illness treatment, and growth promotion. Unfortunately, since the time that antibiotics were first invented, antibiotic resistant bacteria have become a threat to public health. There are many studies showing methods of transmission of antibiotic resistance from livestock to humans. Antibiotic resistance can spread from livestock to soil, water, insects, and food, which ultimately comes into contact with humans. A proposed study to measure antibiotic resistance when eliminating antibiotic feed will provide a hypothesis ...


Socratic Dialogue As A Framework For Understanding Activist Music During The Ebola Outbreak In Liberia, Evan Slaney 2016 Memorial University

Socratic Dialogue As A Framework For Understanding Activist Music During The Ebola Outbreak In Liberia, Evan Slaney

Nota Bene: Canadian Undergraduate Journal of Musicology

This paper argues that Plato’s Socratic Dialogues can effectively model the process through which musical activism is understood by listeners. The Socratic Dialogues, as an abstract model, are first analyzed for advantages and disadvantages when using them to understand musical activism. This analysis breaks the dialogues into two stages: “Deconstruction” and “Collaboration.” The model is then applied to the song “Ebola is Real” by F. A., Soul Fresh, and DenG, a work that arose from the outbreak of Ebola virus disease in Liberia in March 2014. The song was supported by UNICEF and has a clear activist agenda. The ...


Health Conditions And Expenditures In Haiti: Evidence From The Haiti Household Expenditure And Consumption Survey, Helen H. Jensen, Stanley R. Johnson, Martha Stewart 2016 Iowa State University

Health Conditions And Expenditures In Haiti: Evidence From The Haiti Household Expenditure And Consumption Survey, Helen H. Jensen, Stanley R. Johnson, Martha Stewart

Helen Jensen

In 1986, the Institut Haitien de Statistique et d'Informatique (IHSI) with support from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) implemented a nationwide Household Expenditure and Consumption Survey (HECS) to gather socioeconomic data to analyze nutrition, health, welfare, food pricing policies, and other issues related to Title III, and to provide IHSI with data to calculate consumer price indexes and national accounts. Data were gathered from November 1986 through September 1987.


Cohort Profile: The Nicotine Dependence In Teens (Ndit) Study, Jennifer O'Loughlin, Joseph R. DiFranza, Robert J. Wellman 2016 University of Montreal

Cohort Profile: The Nicotine Dependence In Teens (Ndit) Study, Jennifer O'Loughlin, Joseph R. Difranza, Robert J. Wellman

Robert J. Wellman

The Nicotine Dependence in Teens (NDIT) study is a prospective cohort investigation of 1294 students recruited in 1999-2000 from all grade 7 classes in a convenience sample of 10 high schools in Montreal, Canada. Its primary objectives were to study the natural course and determinants of cigarette smoking and nicotine dependence in novice smokers. The main source of data was self-report questionnaires administered in class at school every 3 months from grade 7 to grade 11 (1999-2005), for a total of 20 survey cycles during high school education. Questionnaires were also completed after graduation from high school in 2007-08 and ...


Geographic Distribution Of Maternal Group B Streptococcus Colonization And Infant Death During Birth Hospitalization: Eastern Wisconsin, Jessica J. F. Kram, Dennis J. Baumgardner, Kiley B. Vander Wyst, Melissa A. Lemke 2016 Aurora Health Care

Geographic Distribution Of Maternal Group B Streptococcus Colonization And Infant Death During Birth Hospitalization: Eastern Wisconsin, Jessica J. F. Kram, Dennis J. Baumgardner, Kiley B. Vander Wyst, Melissa A. Lemke

Dennis J. Baumgardner. MD

Purpose

Maternal group B Streptococcus (GBS) can be transmitted from a colonized mother to newborn during vaginal delivery and may or may not contribute to infant death. This study aimed to explore the geographic distribution and risk factors of maternal GBS colonization and infant death during birth hospitalization.

Methods

We retrospectively studied mothers with live birth(s) in a large eastern Wisconsin hospital system from 2007 through 2013. Associations between maternal and neonatal variables, GBS colonization and infant death were examined using chi-squared, Mann-Whitney U and t-tests. Multivariable logistic regression models also were developed.

Results

Study population (N = 99,305 ...


Addressing Gaps To Promote Co-Learning And Bidirectional Capacity Building In Community Engaged Research: Challenges And Untapped Opportunities, Stephenie C. Lemon, Linda Silka, Lauren R. Powell, Phillip Granberry, Marie Boone 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Addressing Gaps To Promote Co-Learning And Bidirectional Capacity Building In Community Engaged Research: Challenges And Untapped Opportunities, Stephenie C. Lemon, Linda Silka, Lauren R. Powell, Phillip Granberry, Marie Boone

Stephenie C. Lemon

Moderator: Stephenie Lemon, Ph.D., UMass Worcester Prevention Research Center

Session Titles and Presenters

-Learning From Each Other: Other Partnerships, Other Experiences - Linda Silka, Senator George J. Mitchell Center for Sustainability Solutions, University of Maine

-What is Research Literacy? - Lauren R. Powell, PhD Candidate Clinical and Population Health Research, UMass Medical School

-Learning by Doing to Enhance a Community-University Partnership - TBN, The Puerto Rican Cultural Center - Phil Granberry, PhD, The Gaston Institute, UMass Boston

-Enhancing Cultural Competency in Research Teams: The Promise of Simulation-based Training - Marie Boone, Executive Vice President of Planning, Mosaic Cultural Complex

Session Description: Community engagement is ...


Local Health Department Engagement In Community Physical Activity Policy, Karin V. Goins, Jiali Ye, Carolyn J. Leep, Nathalie Robin, Stephenie C. Lemon 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Local Health Department Engagement In Community Physical Activity Policy, Karin V. Goins, Jiali Ye, Carolyn J. Leep, Nathalie Robin, Stephenie C. Lemon

Stephenie C. Lemon

INTRODUCTION: This study assessed correlates of self-reported local health department (LHD) participation in community policy/advocacy activities that support physical activity.

METHODS: In 2014, cross-sectional data from the nationally representative 2013 National Profile of Local Health Departments study administered by the National Association of County and City Health Officials were analyzed. Outcomes were participation in policy/advocacy activities related to urban design/land use, active transportation, and access to recreational facilities. Independent variables included structural characteristics, performance improvement efforts, and collaboration. Multivariate logistic regression models were computed.

RESULTS: Representatives of 490 LHDs participated (79% response rate). Respondents reported similar participation ...


Prevalence And Correlates Of Indoor Tanning In Nonsalon Locations Among A National Sample Of Young Women, Joel Hillhouse, Jerod L. Stapleton, L. Carter Florence, Sherry L. Pagoto 2016 East Tennessee State University

Prevalence And Correlates Of Indoor Tanning In Nonsalon Locations Among A National Sample Of Young Women, Joel Hillhouse, Jerod L. Stapleton, L. Carter Florence, Sherry L. Pagoto

Sherry L. Pagoto

Indoor tanning is a public health threat, and the Surgeon General has called for its reduction in adolescents and young adults. Research on indoor tanning has not distinguished between tanning-only salons vs other businesses and private residences that provide tanning (ie, nonsalon tanning). For example, gyms often offer free tanning, which may lead to riskier tanning habits. Better understanding of nonsalon tanning could have policy, prevention, and clinical implications. Our study addresses this literature gap by examining the prevalence and correlates of nonsalon tanning in a nationally representative sample of young women, who have the highest rates of indoor tanning ...


Health Literacy-Listening Skill And Patient Questions Following Cancer Prevention And Screening Discussions, Kathleen M. Mazor, Donald L. Rubin, Douglas W. Roblin, Andrew E. Williams, Paul K. J. Han, Bridget Gaglio, Sarah L. Cutrona, Mary E. Costanza, Joann L. Wagner 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Health Literacy-Listening Skill And Patient Questions Following Cancer Prevention And Screening Discussions, Kathleen M. Mazor, Donald L. Rubin, Douglas W. Roblin, Andrew E. Williams, Paul K. J. Han, Bridget Gaglio, Sarah L. Cutrona, Mary E. Costanza, Joann L. Wagner

Sarah L. Cutrona

OBJECTIVE: Patient question-asking is essential to shared decision making. We sought to describe patients' questions when faced with cancer prevention and screening decisions, and to explore differences in question-asking as a function of health literacy with respect to spoken information (health literacy-listening).

METHODS: Four-hundred and thirty-three (433) adults listened to simulated physician-patient interactions discussing (i) prophylactic tamoxifen for breast cancer prevention, (ii) PSA testing for prostate cancer and (iii) colorectal cancer screening, and identified questions they would have. Health literacy-listening was assessed using the Cancer Message Literacy Test-Listening (CMLT-Listening). Two authors developed a coding scheme, which was applied to all ...


Health Literacy-Listening Skill And Patient Questions Following Cancer Prevention And Screening Discussions, Kathleen M. Mazor, Donald L. Rubin, Douglas W. Roblin, Andrew E. Williams, Paul K. J. Han, Bridget Gaglio, Sarah L. Cutrona, Mary E. Costanza, Joann L. Wagner 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Health Literacy-Listening Skill And Patient Questions Following Cancer Prevention And Screening Discussions, Kathleen M. Mazor, Donald L. Rubin, Douglas W. Roblin, Andrew E. Williams, Paul K. J. Han, Bridget Gaglio, Sarah L. Cutrona, Mary E. Costanza, Joann L. Wagner

Kathleen M. Mazor

OBJECTIVE: Patient question-asking is essential to shared decision making. We sought to describe patients' questions when faced with cancer prevention and screening decisions, and to explore differences in question-asking as a function of health literacy with respect to spoken information (health literacy-listening).

METHODS: Four-hundred and thirty-three (433) adults listened to simulated physician-patient interactions discussing (i) prophylactic tamoxifen for breast cancer prevention, (ii) PSA testing for prostate cancer and (iii) colorectal cancer screening, and identified questions they would have. Health literacy-listening was assessed using the Cancer Message Literacy Test-Listening (CMLT-Listening). Two authors developed a coding scheme, which was applied to all ...


Health Literacy-Listening Skill And Patient Questions Following Cancer Prevention And Screening Discussions, Kathleen M. Mazor, Donald L. Rubin, Douglas W. Roblin, Andrew E. Williams, Paul K. J. Han, Bridget Gaglio, Sarah L. Cutrona, Mary E. Costanza, Joann L. Wagner 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Health Literacy-Listening Skill And Patient Questions Following Cancer Prevention And Screening Discussions, Kathleen M. Mazor, Donald L. Rubin, Douglas W. Roblin, Andrew E. Williams, Paul K. J. Han, Bridget Gaglio, Sarah L. Cutrona, Mary E. Costanza, Joann L. Wagner

Mary E. Costanza

OBJECTIVE: Patient question-asking is essential to shared decision making. We sought to describe patients' questions when faced with cancer prevention and screening decisions, and to explore differences in question-asking as a function of health literacy with respect to spoken information (health literacy-listening).

METHODS: Four-hundred and thirty-three (433) adults listened to simulated physician-patient interactions discussing (i) prophylactic tamoxifen for breast cancer prevention, (ii) PSA testing for prostate cancer and (iii) colorectal cancer screening, and identified questions they would have. Health literacy-listening was assessed using the Cancer Message Literacy Test-Listening (CMLT-Listening). Two authors developed a coding scheme, which was applied to all ...


Food Deserts: The Issue And Possible Solutions, Lauren Branham 2016 Health Promotion

Food Deserts: The Issue And Possible Solutions, Lauren Branham

Senior Honors Theses

Areas in which residents lack access to low-priced, nutritious food are called food deserts. Typical characteristics of food deserts include residents with limited income, high concentrations of ethnic minorities, difficultly accessing grocery stores with a produce section, and high exposure to fast food restaurants and convenience stores. The reason limited access to healthy, minimally processed foods is an issue is because foods that are highly processed typically have higher levels of fat, sugar, and salt content which have been linked to obesity, coronary artery disease, and other chronic diseases. Many different types of interventions have been attempted to combat this ...


Psychological And Sociocultural Influences Of Current And Historical Intimate Partner Violence In Pregnancy, Cindy D. Phillips 2016 East Tennessee State Universtiy

Psychological And Sociocultural Influences Of Current And Historical Intimate Partner Violence In Pregnancy, Cindy D. Phillips

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 1.5 million women are victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) each year, and 324,000 of these women are pregnant (2013). Research on the predictability of certain factors and their relationship to current and historical IPV is limited. In order to better understand IPV as it related to a sample of 1,016 Appalachian pregnant women selected for the Tennessee Interventions for Pregnant Smokers (TIPS), it was important to evaluate various influences that may predict the prevalence of IPV in this population when compared to the State of Tennessee ...


Women And Healthcare In Appalachia: Impeding Circumstance And The Role Of Technology, Ashley Cano 2016 East Tennessee State Universtiy

Women And Healthcare In Appalachia: Impeding Circumstance And The Role Of Technology, Ashley Cano

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

For decades, healthcare access and quality in central and southern Appalachia have trailed the rest of the country. Entrenched poverty and low educational attainment compound healthcare problems. This study examines the healthcare obstacles women encounter in southern and central Appalachia and analyzes how technology use, such as Internet searching and social media affect women’s healthcare decisions. Data were analyzed from four focus groups conducted with women from the region. Results indicate that seeing a physician or not did not influence women’s propensity to search the Internet for health-related information or to seek support through social media sites. Additionally ...


Biosand Water Filter Evaluation: Meta-Evaluation And Pilot Study Of Field Use Indicators, Bethesda O'Connell 2016 East Tennessee State Universtiy

Biosand Water Filter Evaluation: Meta-Evaluation And Pilot Study Of Field Use Indicators, Bethesda O'Connell

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Diarrheal diseases are a global public health burden, killing 1.8 million people annually. Diarrhea disproportionately affects children and those in poverty. Most diarrheal cases can be prevented through safe drinking water, basic hygiene and/or sanitation measures, with drinking water interventions having the most impact on reducing diarrheal disease. A meta-evaluation was completed of studies evaluating a specific household water treatment method, the biosand water filter. Results from the meta-evaluation illustrate that biosand water filters improve drinking water quality and reduce diarrheal disease. However, there is no generally agreed upon field method for determining biosand water filter effectiveness that ...


Facilitating Effective Communication Between First Responders And Older Adults During Fall Incidents: An Educational Intervention, Krystin M. Beeman, Erica L. Berger, Isabel A. Cabezas, Nicole M. Mathews 2016 Dominican University of California

Facilitating Effective Communication Between First Responders And Older Adults During Fall Incidents: An Educational Intervention, Krystin M. Beeman, Erica L. Berger, Isabel A. Cabezas, Nicole M. Mathews

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

PURPOSE. The purpose of this project was to provide first responders with communication strategies for older adults that may help when responding to fall- related calls. General information was also provided to First Responders on working with older adults with a focus on the aging process, fall risk factors, and communications strategies.

METHODS. A series of educational sessions to first responders at a local fire district were developed and presented by occupational therapy students. Materials were developed by presenters from evidence-based resources and tailored to the target population. Each presentation focused on statistics about older adults, the aging process, fall ...


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