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[2018 Winner] Filipino Americans: A Health Profile Addressing Health Disparities And The Effects Of U.S. Assimilation And Discrimination, Marisol Cruz 2018 California State University, Monterey Bay

[2018 Winner] Filipino Americans: A Health Profile Addressing Health Disparities And The Effects Of U.S. Assimilation And Discrimination, Marisol Cruz

Ethnic Studies Award

Filipino Americans have a rich history in migrating to the U.S as well as assimilating into American culture. They have a distinct immigrant experience because of their colonial past. This paper states Filipino American U.S demographics, health statistics, and traditional health beliefs and practices to understand Filipino American culture and beliefs. Lastly, there is an emphasis in the leading health disparity among them, heart disease, and the effects of racism and discrimination and how that impacts a Filipino Americans overall physical and mental health.


Sepsis: The Silent Killer We Should Be Stopping, Ron Daniels 2018 UK Sepsis Trust

Sepsis: The Silent Killer We Should Be Stopping, Ron Daniels

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Restructuring Data Reported From State Early Hearing Detection And Intervention (Ehdi) Programs: A Pilot Study, Suhana Alam, Tammy O'Hollearn, Jim Beavers, Alyssa K. Rex, Rebekah F. Cunningham, Winnie Chung, Xidong Deng, ThuyQuynh N. Do 2018 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Restructuring Data Reported From State Early Hearing Detection And Intervention (Ehdi) Programs: A Pilot Study, Suhana Alam, Tammy O'Hollearn, Jim Beavers, Alyssa K. Rex, Rebekah F. Cunningham, Winnie Chung, Xidong Deng, Thuyquynh N. Do

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Objective: To assess the feasibility, benefits, and challenges surrounding individual-level versus aggregate data reporting by jurisdictional EHDI programs to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Methods: Using data reported to CDC by three jurisdictions in 2011, descriptive statistics were used to assess the feasibility of collecting and reporting individual-level data. Comparisons were made on what can be learned from individual-level data as opposed to CDC’s aggregate survey data.

Results: Individual-level data provided a detailed overview of the population served, services received, and variations across jurisdictions in data collection, reporting, and quality monitoring practices. Several challenges and areas ...


Use Of A Unique Farmers’ Market Program Targeting Lower-Income Community Members, Brittany Lawrence, Anna E. Greer, Anne Marie Zimeri, Daphne C. Hernandez, SangNam Ahn, Shaakira Jones, Matthew Lee Smith 2018 St. James-Santee Family Health Center

Use Of A Unique Farmers’ Market Program Targeting Lower-Income Community Members, Brittany Lawrence, Anna E. Greer, Anne Marie Zimeri, Daphne C. Hernandez, Sangnam Ahn, Shaakira Jones, Matthew Lee Smith

Public Health Faculty Publications

We examined use of a farmers’ market that leverages community partnerships to provide free produce to lower-income persons. Participants (n = 422) were asked to complete a questionnaire and given an ID number, which was used to track market use from 2014 to 2015. Chi square tests were used to examine associations between 2014/2015 market use and reasons for market use, financial support received, and how attendees had learned about the market. Ordinal regression was used to identify household characteristics associated with increased market attendance. Although the proportion of lower-income attendees declined over the study period, a substantial proportion of ...


Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender 2018 Fordham University

Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender

Student Theses 2015-Present

This paper aims to shed light on the dissonance caused by the superimposition of Dominant Human Systems on Natural Systems. I highlight the synthetic nature of Dominant Human Systems as egoic and linguistic phenomenon manufactured by a mere portion of the human population, which renders them inherently oppressive unto peoples and landscapes whose wisdom were barred from the design process. In pursuing a radical pragmatic approach to mending the simultaneous oppression and destruction of the human being and the earth, I highlight the necessity of minimizing entropic chaos caused by excess energy expenditure, an essential feature of systems that aim ...


Rethinking Health Partnerships: Florida International University Herbert Wertheim College Of Medicine’S Medical-Legal Partnership, Natalie K. Castellanos, Nana Aisha Garba, Ebony Whisenant 2018 Florida International University Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine

Rethinking Health Partnerships: Florida International University Herbert Wertheim College Of Medicine’S Medical-Legal Partnership, Natalie K. Castellanos, Nana Aisha Garba, Ebony Whisenant

ICOT 18 - International Conference on Thinking - Cultivating Mindsets for Global Citizens

Medical-legal partnership is a healthcare innovation aimed at addressing social determinants of health by adding lawyers to the healthcare team. Florida International University’s Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine (HWCOM) is leading innovation in teaching social determinants of health, interprofessional education, and medical-legal collaboration by way of its flagship service-learning program, Green Family Foundation Neighborhood Health Education Learning Program. This poster will demonstrate how the medical-legal partnership approach to addressing social determinants of health is applied at HWCOM, and present data on how exposure to medical-legal partnership is impacting the thinking of HWCOM students. The poster will feature data from ...


Social Cognitive Models Of Fruit And Vegetable Consumption, Moderate Physical Activity, And Sleep Behavior In Overweight And Obese Men, Adam P. Knowlden, Rebecca Robbins, Micahel Grandner 2018 The University of Alabama

Social Cognitive Models Of Fruit And Vegetable Consumption, Moderate Physical Activity, And Sleep Behavior In Overweight And Obese Men, Adam P. Knowlden, Rebecca Robbins, Micahel Grandner

Health Behavior Research

Background. Approximately 35% of men in the United States are obese, though little theoretical work examining predictors correlates of obesity exists for this population. The purpose of this study was to test the capacity of Bandura’s social cognitive model of health behavior to account for variance in fruit and vegetable consumption, moderate physical activity, and sleep behavior in overweight and obese men. Methods. Data were collected from overweight and obese men using previously validated questionnaires. Structural equation models were built to examine the direct and indirect effects the social cognitive theory constructs of self-efficacy, outcome expectation, socio-structural factors, and ...


Hiv Mortality Difference Between Black And White Women, CARLOS O. NESBETH, Rajiv Kandala, Syed Najeeb, Ruksana Nazneen, Banglore Murthy 2018 Meharry Medical College

Hiv Mortality Difference Between Black And White Women, Carlos O. Nesbeth, Rajiv Kandala, Syed Najeeb, Ruksana Nazneen, Banglore Murthy

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

OBJECTIVE

In the United States, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to be among the top 10 leading causes of mortality for black women between the ages of 20 and 54¹, but does not rank among the top 10 leading causes of death for white women amongst all age groups². This study describes the HIV mortality difference between black and white women and formulate hypotheses that may reduce or eliminate disparities.

METHODS

Information was accessed through public data, the US Census, and the US Compressed Mortality File.

RESULTS

In these descriptive data from 1987 through 2015, including reliable HIV mortality ...


Asian Americans’ Cancer Information Seeking, Fatalistic Belief, And Perceived Risk: Current Status And Relationships With Cancer Prevention And Detection Behaviors, Jungmi Jun, Xiaoli Nan 2018 University of South Carolina

Asian Americans’ Cancer Information Seeking, Fatalistic Belief, And Perceived Risk: Current Status And Relationships With Cancer Prevention And Detection Behaviors, Jungmi Jun, Xiaoli Nan

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

This study pursues four research goals: (1) to examine Asian Americans and Asian ethnic groups’ (i.e., Chinese, Filipinos, Japanese, Koreans, Vietnamese) information seeking, fatalistic belief, and perceived risk of cancer, in comparison to non-Hispanic Whites; (2) to identify characteristics of Asian Americans who seek cancer information, hold fatalistic cancer belief, and perceive cancer risk; (3) to assess cancer prevention and detection behavior gaps between Asian Americans and Whites, and (4) to explore whether such gaps can be explained by cancer information seeking, fatalistic belief, and perceived risk. Data from 2011-2014 Health Information National Trends Surveys (HINTS) were analyzed. Asian ...


Graduating Into Lower Risk: Chlamydia And Trichomonas Prevalance Among Community College Students And Graduates, Janet E. Rosenbaum 2018 SUNY Downstate Medical Center

Graduating Into Lower Risk: Chlamydia And Trichomonas Prevalance Among Community College Students And Graduates, Janet E. Rosenbaum

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Background: Community colleges enable youth from economically disadvantaged and minority populations to access college and may enable social mobility including improved health outcomes. However, educational health disparities studies rarely assess the health outcomes for community college graduates.

Methods: Chlamydia and trichomonas prevalence were assessed with nucleic acid based tests in a nationally representative sample of 6233 high school graduates (ages 18–25) from five educational levels: young adults without post-secondary credentials who were not enrolled in college, community college students, 4-year college students, associate’s degree, and bachelor’s degree. To reduce confounding between educational attainment and STI status, we ...


Nativity Differences In Stress Among Asian And Pacific Islander American Women, Brittany N. Morey, Gilbert C. Gee, Salma Shariff-Marco, Gem M. Le, Alison J. Canchola, Juan Yang, Laura Allen, Sandra Lee, Roxanna Bautista, Trish Quema La Chica, Winston Tseng, Pancho Chang, Scarlett Lin Gomez 2018 University of California, Riverside

Nativity Differences In Stress Among Asian And Pacific Islander American Women, Brittany N. Morey, Gilbert C. Gee, Salma Shariff-Marco, Gem M. Le, Alison J. Canchola, Juan Yang, Laura Allen, Sandra Lee, Roxanna Bautista, Trish Quema La Chica, Winston Tseng, Pancho Chang, Scarlett Lin Gomez

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

According to the Stress Process Theory, people who are marginalized in society encounter more stress than those in more advantaged positions. Immigrants are one such marginalized group in the United States (US) who may experience greater psychological stress than their US-born counterparts due to (1) severing of social ties; (2) social disadvantage and marginalization; and (3) adaptation to a new environment. This study examines the disparity in stress by nativity, and how social factors contribute to this disparity for Asian and Pacific Islander (API) women. Data come from the Asian Community Health Initiative, which included a sample of 291 foreign-born ...


In Touch - Creating Health And Vitality With The Tactile Sense, Robert Anthony Federico 2018 None

In Touch - Creating Health And Vitality With The Tactile Sense, Robert Anthony Federico

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


Jumping Out Of The Nutrition System: Or, How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love The Dietary Guidelines, Adele Hite, Sean Mark 2018 North Carolina State University

Jumping Out Of The Nutrition System: Or, How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love The Dietary Guidelines, Adele Hite, Sean Mark

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


Lost Seasonality And Overconsumption Of Plants: Risking Oxalate Toxicity, Sally K. Norton 2018 My Food Matters, LLC

Lost Seasonality And Overconsumption Of Plants: Risking Oxalate Toxicity, Sally K. Norton

Journal of Evolution and Health

In many plants, oxalate crystals are present. These relatively large microcrystals have the potential to inflict mechanical injury. On the other hand, ionic, soluble, and nano-crystal forms of oxalate are readily absorbed. Bioaccumulation in humans is well documented. Crystals and ionic oxalate are associated with pain and both functional and chronic disorders.

Today’s many health challenges have led people to select foods purported to be healthier, many of which are high in oxalate. Modern dietary approaches have placed great emphasis on the health benefits of vegetables, nuts, and spices. Many of these are high oxalate foods that are now ...


Childhood Poverty And Its Effects On The Brain: Physiological And Functional Implications, Lauren Scandrett 2018 University of Wyoming

Childhood Poverty And Its Effects On The Brain: Physiological And Functional Implications, Lauren Scandrett

Honors Theses AY 17/18

One out of every five American children lives below the federal poverty line. Considering that poverty is deemed one of the most influential risk factors for poor developmental outcomes, it is critical to understand what effect poverty has on the developing brain and how those brain changes affect a child’s life. Poverty is chiefly defined by having a low socioeconomic status (SES), but a low SES is often accompanied by other influencers, such as nutrition and mental stimulation, termed poverty co-factors. Other poverty co-factors include, but are not limited to, maternal stress and malnutrition, environmental toxins, parental nurturance, and ...


Student Perspectives On Cardiovascular Disease Risk, Emily Mains 2018 The College at Brockport

Student Perspectives On Cardiovascular Disease Risk, Emily Mains

Senior Honors Theses

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in America today despite being an entirely preventable disease. This is largely due to the Western diet and lifestyle that has spread to wealthy nations across the world. Many of the behavioral factors that lead to cardiovascular disease begin early in life and accumulate over time, and although it is possible to change these habits many people do not consider doing so until it is too late. If public health officials could successfully educate the public on how to improve their habits, that alone would directly prevent certain non-communicable diseases such as ...


Therapeutic Clientship Of Diabetes Clubs: Engagement In Chronic Disease Management Programs In Guatemala’S Western Highlands, Arnav Shah 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Therapeutic Clientship Of Diabetes Clubs: Engagement In Chronic Disease Management Programs In Guatemala’S Western Highlands, Arnav Shah

Anthropology Senior Theses

The increasing global mortality and morbidity of chronic disease signals that a major epidemiological shift is underway in more-economically developed and less-economically developed countries. This epidemiological transition is especially salient in the Western Highlands of Guatemala as the prevalence of type 2 diabetes has risen steeply and poses great challenges for health practitioners and the public health system. This thesis is based from ten weeks of ethnographic fieldwork that I conducted in region surrounding Lake Atitlán. Collected through participant observation and semi-structured interviews, the data this thesis analyses attempts to examine the nature of and motivations for engagement in a ...


Barriers To Pregnancy Spacing In Women Living With Hiv: A Series Of Informational Interviews, Rachel K. Scott, Piyapa Praditpan, Patricia Tanjutco, Elizabeth Laidlaw, Regina Zopf, Manon M. Schladen 2018 MedStar Health Research Institute and Department of Women’s and Infants’ Services, MedStar Washington Hospital Center

Barriers To Pregnancy Spacing In Women Living With Hiv: A Series Of Informational Interviews, Rachel K. Scott, Piyapa Praditpan, Patricia Tanjutco, Elizabeth Laidlaw, Regina Zopf, Manon M. Schladen

The Qualitative Report

For reproductive-age women living with HIV, birth spacing allows for optimization of maternal health and viral suppression to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. We conducted semi-structured informational interviews to explore use of contraception for birth spacing. Interviews were transcribed and analyzed. Audio files were reviewed to capture non-explicit data. We interviewed 18 multiparous HIV positive women. All described experiences with at least one contraceptive method. Six themes emerged: Burden of contraception, Failure of birth control, Impact of youth and lack of life experience, Community beliefs about birth control, Lack of partner cooperation, and Altruism. Women viewed birth spacing favorably. Young ...


Baby's Best Start: Wic's Role In The Alleviation Of Childhood Obesity, Ashton Hutcheson 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Baby's Best Start: Wic's Role In The Alleviation Of Childhood Obesity, Ashton Hutcheson

Public Health: Student Scholarship & Creative Works

In the past 50 years, obesity prevalence has risen to epidemic-like levels in the United States with an average of 25% of American children being classified as overweight or obese. Prevalence of obesity is significantly increased in socioeconomically disadvantaged income categories. This paper aims to discuss public health preventions/interventions that address childhood obesity such WIC, a supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children. It additionally aims to provide broad obesity-related research and begin to suggest preliminary answers to the question of why obesity is so prevalent as well as a brief overview of current treatment options for obesity-related ...


Identifying The Newly Insurable Medicaid Coverage Gap Population Under The Affordable Care Act: Who They Are And Where They Live, Samuel L. Woodruff 2018 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Identifying The Newly Insurable Medicaid Coverage Gap Population Under The Affordable Care Act: Who They Are And Where They Live, Samuel L. Woodruff

Service Learning/Capstone Experience

The goal of this Capstone Project is to better define and geographically locate the potential distribution of individuals who fall within the current Medicaid Coverage Gap and those populations who would be eligible for Medicaid under the expansion of Medicaid within the state of Nebraska. Using data from multiple United States Census Bureau sources, along with available data from the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), this project looks to also locate populations of these individuals that may live within established Medically Underserved Areas (MUA's) or Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSA's) within the state. American Community Survey 5-year ...


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