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Southern Illinois: An Analysis Of Opioid Prevention Strategies, Brittany Clemmons, Brooke Griffin 2017 Southern Illinois University Carbondale

Southern Illinois: An Analysis Of Opioid Prevention Strategies, Brittany Clemmons, Brooke Griffin

ASA Multidisciplinary Research Symposium

This research analyzes the opioid epidemic in Southern Illinois and evaluates the effectiveness of current prevention and intervention programs.


Improving Chronic Pain Management Processes In Primary Care Using Practice Facilitation And Quality Improvement: The Central Appalachia Inter-Professional Pain Education Collaborative, Roberto Cardarelli, Sarah Weatherford, Jennifer Schilling, Dana King, Sue Workman, Wade Rankin, Juanita Hughes, Jonathan Piercy, Amy Conley-Sallaz, Melissa Zook, Kendra Unger, Emma White, Barbara Astuto, Bobbi Stover 2017 University of Kentucky College of Medicine

Improving Chronic Pain Management Processes In Primary Care Using Practice Facilitation And Quality Improvement: The Central Appalachia Inter-Professional Pain Education Collaborative, Roberto Cardarelli, Sarah Weatherford, Jennifer Schilling, Dana King, Sue Workman, Wade Rankin, Juanita Hughes, Jonathan Piercy, Amy Conley-Sallaz, Melissa Zook, Kendra Unger, Emma White, Barbara Astuto, Bobbi Stover

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: With the increasing burden of chronic pain and opioid use, provider shortages in Eastern Kentucky and West Virginia have experienced many challenges related to chronic pain management. This study tested a practice facilitator model in both academic and community clinics that selected and implemented best practice processes to better assist patients with chronic pain and increase the use of interdisciplinary health care services.

Methods: Using a quasi-experimental design, a practice facilitator was assigned to each state’s clinics and trained clinic teams in quality improvement methods to implement chronic pain tool(s) and workflow processes. Charts for 695 patients ...


Life Expectancy At Birth In Milwaukee County: A Zip Code-Level Analysis, Erica S. LeCounte, Geoffrey R. Swain 2017 City of Milwaukee Health Department

Life Expectancy At Birth In Milwaukee County: A Zip Code-Level Analysis, Erica S. Lecounte, Geoffrey R. Swain

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Life expectancy at birth is used as a barometer of the health and well-being of a population. Life expectancies vary widely across Wisconsin counties. While much of the analysis of life expectancy in Wisconsin has focused on counties, there may be important differences in life expectancy within counties by zip code.

Methods: To calculate life expectancy, death count data and population estimates were entered into an abridged life table using the Chiang methodology. Data were linked with measures from the American Community Survey to examine the relationship between life expectancy and zip code characteristics.

Results: Life expectancy varies greatly ...


Six-Year Experience Of Influenza Vaccination As A Condition Of Employment For A Large Regional Health Care System, John R. Brill, Mark Hermanoff, Angela Tonozzi, Mary Jo Capodice, Jennifer Farrar, Zarina Dawoodbhai 2017 Population Health, Aurora Health Care

Six-Year Experience Of Influenza Vaccination As A Condition Of Employment For A Large Regional Health Care System, John R. Brill, Mark Hermanoff, Angela Tonozzi, Mary Jo Capodice, Jennifer Farrar, Zarina Dawoodbhai

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Influenza remains a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality in the United States. Health care workers (HCW) can be both victims and vectors of influenza. Influenza vaccination of HCW is protective for both caregivers and patients, but voluntary programs generally fail to achieve rates recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Despite a complex, multifaceted influenza program initiated in 1996 that included significant education and promotion as well as free on-site vaccination, annual Aurora Health Care caregiver immunization rates remained in the mid-70s until adoption of a “condition of employment” strategy in 2011.

Purpose: Discuss the annual ...


Identifying And Targeting Age-Related Colorectal Cancer Screening Rate Disparities In Family Medicine Residency Clinics, Jonathan J. Blaza, Jasmine R. Wiley, Matthew Gill, Alonzo Jalan, Will Lehmann, Deborah Simpson, Jeffrey A. Stearns 2017 Department of Family Medicine, Aurora University of Wisconsin Medical Group

Identifying And Targeting Age-Related Colorectal Cancer Screening Rate Disparities In Family Medicine Residency Clinics, Jonathan J. Blaza, Jasmine R. Wiley, Matthew Gill, Alonzo Jalan, Will Lehmann, Deborah Simpson, Jeffrey A. Stearns

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Health care systems continuously seek to improve patient care through population-level analysis of clinical quality metrics and patient characteristics to identify disparities in care. Nationally, disparities in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates have been identified with lower screening rates reported for patients who are uninsured and/or lower socioeconomic status, African American/black, Asian, and non-English-speaking Hispanic patients. No age-related CRC screening rate disparities with associated interventions have been reported.

Purpose: Determine and address CRC screening disparities in care provided to eligible patients > 50 years old in two primary care residency clinics.

Methods: Retrospective analysis using REAL-G (race, ethnicity ...


Sensitivity Of Current Methods For Diagnosing And Documenting Metabolic Syndrome Within A Large Community-Based Health Care System, Tiffany A. Mullen, Danielle M. Greer, Jennifer T. Fink, Renee E. Walker 2017 Department of Integrative Medicine, Aurora Sinai Medical Center

Sensitivity Of Current Methods For Diagnosing And Documenting Metabolic Syndrome Within A Large Community-Based Health Care System, Tiffany A. Mullen, Danielle M. Greer, Jennifer T. Fink, Renee E. Walker

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a constellation of metabolic conditions, including abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, high triglyceride level, low high-density-lipoprotein level and high fasting blood glucose level, that increase the risk of developing chronic health conditions. Various combinations of diagnostic criteria have been proposed, including those by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III), World Health Organization (WHO) and International Diabetes Foundation (IDF), among others. However, inconsistent use of diagnostic criteria and inadequate scientific evidence supporting use of specific criteria are current problems in health care.

Purpose: Quantify the prevalence of MetS diagnosis within the ...


The Lifestyle Initiative: An Innovative Coaching-Based Quality Improvement Study To Improve The Health Of Aurora Health Care Caregivers And Family Members, Tiffany A. Mullen, Jessica J.F. Kram, Dennis J. Baumgardner 2017 Department of Integrative Medicine, Aurora Sinai Medical Center

The Lifestyle Initiative: An Innovative Coaching-Based Quality Improvement Study To Improve The Health Of Aurora Health Care Caregivers And Family Members, Tiffany A. Mullen, Jessica J.F. Kram, Dennis J. Baumgardner

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Self-management support has been shown to improve clinical outcomes. Health coaching, one form of self-management support, empowers patients within the health care system by providing information and through collaboratively developed care plans.

Purpose: Assess the impact of The Lifestyle Initiative, a coaching-based health program utilized by Aurora Health Care caregivers or family members.

Methods: The Lifestyle Initiative is a coaching-based approach for Aurora caregivers or family members enrolled in Aurora’s health insurance network. Individuals were recruited from the care management database, and all participants had an Aurora primary care provider. Participation was limited to those ≥ 18 years of ...


First Aid Intervention In The Adult Population: Yorkshire Health Study And Its Implications For First Aid Education, Eleanor Holding, Clare Relton, Katharine Roberts, Emily Oliver 2017 University of Sheffield

First Aid Intervention In The Adult Population: Yorkshire Health Study And Its Implications For First Aid Education, Eleanor Holding, Clare Relton, Katharine Roberts, Emily Oliver

International Journal of First Aid Education

Background: First aid can reduce death, injury and suffering, but little is known about the characteristics of those who actually give and receive it. The aim of this study was to conduct a first aid behavior survey of a large adult population in the United Kingdom.

Methods: A survey (web and postal) of adults was conducted between 2013 and 2015 as part of the Yorkshire Health Study. Two questions were asked about their first aid behavior: whether participants had administered first aid and if yes, their relationship to the first aid recipient.

Results: Of the 13,584 adults who responded ...


Physical Activity For Rural, Low-Income Children., Amber Todd, Jason Rice, Kristi King 2017 University of Louisville

Physical Activity For Rural, Low-Income Children., Amber Todd, Jason Rice, Kristi King

Kristi King

No abstract provided.


When Should A First-Aid Provider Stop Cpr: Answer From The American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council, Stamatios Lerakis, Wendell Jones, Richard N. Bradley 2017 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

When Should A First-Aid Provider Stop Cpr: Answer From The American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council, Stamatios Lerakis, Wendell Jones, Richard N. Bradley

Richard N Bradley

No abstract provided.


Contingency Management For Smoking Cessation In Pregnancy, Jacob Miller, Brady Reynolds, Courtney Crain, Hisham Keblawi, Lynne J. Goebel 2017 Marshall University

Contingency Management For Smoking Cessation In Pregnancy, Jacob Miller, Brady Reynolds, Courtney Crain, Hisham Keblawi, Lynne J. Goebel

Marshall Journal of Medicine

This pilot study examined the feasibility of applying Contingency Management (CM), where the woman receives financial compensation for abstinence from smoking. Eleven subjects were recruited from Marshall’s OB clinic for the program. CO levels were measured daily using online video recording. Quit rates were determined at the end of pregnancy. Birth outcomes were measured at delivery. 21 pregnant smokers from Marshall’s OB clinic were used as the control group. The results demonstrated a trend toward improved rates of smoking abstinence in CM participants as compared with the control group. Our study also showed a trend towards improved birth ...


Using Photovoice In Pete Programs To Initiate Positive Change, Gavin T. Colquitt, Jody Langdon, Tony A. Pritchard, Starla McCollum 2017 Georgia Southern University

Using Photovoice In Pete Programs To Initiate Positive Change, Gavin T. Colquitt, Jody Langdon, Tony A. Pritchard, Starla Mccollum

Gavin T. Colquitt

The purpose of this presentation will be to provide teacher educators with an overview of the Photovoice methodology and its potential utility in curricular change. The National Association for Sport and Physical Education’s ([NASPE], 2008) PETE standards state educators should allow diversity to drive instructional related decision-making. Photovoice, a participatory action research methodology, is a tool teacher educators can use to be responsive to the continuously changing contexts of public schools.


Tailoring A Physical Activity Promotion Program For A Rural Area, Gavin Colquitt, Moya L. Alfonso, Ashley Walker, Vanessa Dunmore 2017 Georgia Southern University

Tailoring A Physical Activity Promotion Program For A Rural Area, Gavin Colquitt, Moya L. Alfonso, Ashley Walker, Vanessa Dunmore

Gavin T. Colquitt

Background/Purpose: VERBTM Summer Scorecard (VSS) has used social marketing to successfully promote physical activity for urban and suburban youth. The purpose of this study was to adapt the program to meet the needs of a minority, rural population. Method: Qualitative marketing research methods including focus groups were used to gather data from parents (N = 12) and their children (N =12) in April 2012. A structured, open-ended focus group guide was developed specific to parents and youth and based on the social marketing framework. Marketing topics covered included Product, Price, Place and Promotion. Attention was given to testing two previously ...


“It All Goes Back To The Services”: A Rural/Urban Comparison Of Service Providers’ Perceptions Of Challenges And Facilitators To Disability Services, Moya L. Alfonso, Ashley D. Walker, Akrati Gupta, Joseph Telfair, Gavin T. Colquitt 2017 Georgia Southern University

“It All Goes Back To The Services”: A Rural/Urban Comparison Of Service Providers’ Perceptions Of Challenges And Facilitators To Disability Services, Moya L. Alfonso, Ashley D. Walker, Akrati Gupta, Joseph Telfair, Gavin T. Colquitt

Gavin T. Colquitt

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore rural/urban differences in service providers’ perceptions of challenges and facilitators to services for children with special health care needs (CSHN) and their families in southeast Georgia. Methodology: A total of 23 individual interviews were conducted with service providers in one rural county in southeast Georgia (N = 12) and in one urban county in north central Georgia (N = 11). Interviews were based on the National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs 2009-2010 survey. All interviews were audio recorded, transcribed and coded with the intent of identifying themes and illustrative ...


Urban Versus Rural Differences In Insurance Coverage And Impact On Employment Among Families Caring For A Child With Cerebral Palsy, Braydon Schaible, Gavin Colquitt, Li Li, Manuela Caciula, Noelle G. Moreau 2017 Georgia Southern University

Urban Versus Rural Differences In Insurance Coverage And Impact On Employment Among Families Caring For A Child With Cerebral Palsy, Braydon Schaible, Gavin Colquitt, Li Li, Manuela Caciula, Noelle G. Moreau

Gavin T. Colquitt

Background: The purpose of this study was to examine urban vs. rural differences on the relationship between family contextual variables and adequacy of insurance coverage and impact on employment for among families with a child with Cerebral Palsy from a nationally representative sample.

Methods: A retrospective, observational study was carried out using data from the National Survey of Children with Special Healthcare Needs.

Results: A total of 744 participants reported as having a child with a diagnosis of Cerebral Palsy and were included in the sample. Logistic regression analyses, adjusting for urban and rural setting revealed different predictors of adequacy ...


Adapting A Physical Activity Intervention For Youth In A Rural Area: A Case Study, Moya L. Alfonso, Gavin T. Colquitt, Ashley D. Walker, Akrati Gupta 2017 Georgia Southern Universtiy

Adapting A Physical Activity Intervention For Youth In A Rural Area: A Case Study, Moya L. Alfonso, Gavin T. Colquitt, Ashley D. Walker, Akrati Gupta

Gavin T. Colquitt

Background: Physical activity offers children and youth many well-documented positive effects on health. The present study adapted a community-based prevention marketing campaign (CBPM), VERBTM Summer Scorecard (VSS) to promote physical activity among minority youth in rural, southeast Georgia. The purpose of this paper is to describe the adaptation process, emphasizing methods used and lessons learned. Methods: A qualitative study design was used to identify social marketing concepts that informed program adaptation, including two focus groups with 12 children and two focus groups with 14 parents. Qualitative thematic data analysis was used to analyze formative research. The adapted program was implemented ...


A Course On Patient Safety: Pharmacy Student And Community Partner Perceptions, Maryam Noureldin, Chelsea M. Anderson, Patricia L. Darbishire 2017 Purdue University

A Course On Patient Safety: Pharmacy Student And Community Partner Perceptions, Maryam Noureldin, Chelsea M. Anderson, Patricia L. Darbishire

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

The authors of this article developed and piloted a three-week intensive elective course for students in their third professional years in the Doctor of Pharmacy program. The goal of this course was to provide students with an opportunity to apply patient safety concepts in a real-world setting using service-learning as the pedagogy and to evaluate student perceptions of the course for potential implementation in the curriculum. Seven pharmacy students were enrolled in the pilot course and divided into three groups. Each group of two to three students was assigned to one of three predetermined community partner sites. Students were instructed ...


Building Healthy Futures: Two Students’ Experiences With Global Health In Rural Ecuador, Varsha Kumar, Daniel Shyu 2017 Purdue University

Building Healthy Futures: Two Students’ Experiences With Global Health In Rural Ecuador, Varsha Kumar, Daniel Shyu

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

This article highlights two students’ experience on Timmy Global Health’s medical brigade to Quito, Ecuador. Timmy is a nonprofit, Indiana-based organization dedicated to advocacy, service, and fundraising on a domestic and global scale. Every year, Timmy sends a group of sixteen students and medical professionals to Quito, Ecuador, over Purdue’s spring break to treat people in underserved communities who otherwise would not have access to quality health care. On this medical brigade, Timmy students travel to a different location each day for a week, set up clinic, and diagnose, treating nearly 100 patients a day. Those with conditions ...


Patient Care: The Forefront Of Pharmacy Practice, Dakota L. Richart 2017 Purdue University

Patient Care: The Forefront Of Pharmacy Practice, Dakota L. Richart

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

For the past three years, Richart has been a member of APhA–ASP and has actively participated in numerous events. She planned, organized, and executed health fairs, educational presentations, and other direct patient care experiences alongside other members. An interaction as simple as a five-minute discussion with a patient about their blood pressure, antihypertensive medications, and lifestyle modifications can help save their life. Each patient interaction has impacted her by strengthening her communication skills, developing her professionalism, and providing confidence as she applies her knowledge with patients. Whether APhA–ASP’s events focus on a small audience at a local ...


Parent Perceptions Of A Child Physical Activity Initiative In A Rural Community., Katie F. Leslie, Kristi M. King, Richard W. Wilson, Patricia Gagne, V. Faye Jones 2017 University of Louisville

Parent Perceptions Of A Child Physical Activity Initiative In A Rural Community., Katie F. Leslie, Kristi M. King, Richard W. Wilson, Patricia Gagne, V. Faye Jones

Kristi King

This study assessed the extent to which a community-based intervention developed for children impacted parent perceptions and behaviors toward physical activity in a rural community. Focus groups and individual interviews were conducted with parents of children who participated in physical activity programs. Analysis revealed an increased community awareness surrounding physical activity following program implementation. Parents and children encouraged each other to be physically active. Ecological barriers and enabling factors to adult physical activity were identified these findings indicate a bidirectional influence between parent and child physical activity and the need for community facilities where families can be active together.


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