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New Approaches To Melanoma Prevention, June K. Robinson, Katie Baker, Joel J. Hillhouse 2017 Northwestern University

New Approaches To Melanoma Prevention, June K. Robinson, Katie Baker, Joel J. Hillhouse

ETSU Faculty Works

Skin cancer is a major public health concern, and tanning remains a modifiable risk factor. Multidimensional influences, including psychosocial, individual, environmental, and policy-related factors, create the milieu for individuals to engage in tanning. Parents and physicians can modify the behavior of teens and young adults using strategies based on harm reduction. Environmental and policy-related factors similar to those used to limit smoking by restricting access of minors to cigarettes in the United States in the 20th century need to be created. Federal regulations can restrict direct advertising and the excise tax can be increased to a prohibitive amount. Social networking ...


The Intersection Of Diarrheal Disease And The Wash Sector: A Case Study Of The Betafo Area In The Vakinankaratra Region, Stephanie Hansen 2017 SIT Study Abroad

The Intersection Of Diarrheal Disease And The Wash Sector: A Case Study Of The Betafo Area In The Vakinankaratra Region, Stephanie Hansen

Stephanie L. Hansen

Diarrheal disease is a leading cause of death in Madagascar, with the highest rates of morbidity and mortality in children under-five. Globally, it is the second leading cause of death of children under-five. The prevalence of diarrheal disease is a direct result of inadequate WASH infrastructure in Madagascar, where 48% of the population has no access to safe drinking water and 79% of the population has no access to improved sanitation (WaterAid, 2015). The inaccessibility of medical services in Madagascar is the largest impediment for diarrhea victims seeking treatment; a quarter of the Malagasy population lives 1 to 2 hours ...


Feasibility Of A Web-Based Cross-Over Paleolithic Diet Intervention In The General Population, Esther Nederhof, Esther Bikker 2017 University of Groningen

Feasibility Of A Web-Based Cross-Over Paleolithic Diet Intervention In The General Population, Esther Nederhof, Esther Bikker

Journal of Evolution and Health

Introduction: The primary aim was to investigate feasibility of a web-based cross-over Paleolithic diet intervention in the general population. The secondary aim was to calculate the sample size needed to reach a statistically significant difference in effect of a Paleolithic-like diet on psychological and somatic symptoms compared with the Dutch consensus diet.

Methods: 35 participants from the general population were recruited using social media. Participants filled-out an intake questionnaire to assess representativeness of the sample. Participants were instructed to consume both a Paleolithic-like diet and the Dutch consensus diet during four weeks, the order was randomly assigned. After each period ...


Culturally Adaptive Storytelling Intervention Versus Didactic Intervention To Improve Hypertension Control In Vietnam: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Feasibility Trial, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jeroan J. Allison, Duc A. Ha, German Chiriboga, Ha N. Ly, Hanh T. Tran, Cuong K. Nguyen, Diem M. Dang, Ngoc T. Phan, Nguyen C. Vu, Quang P. Nguyen, Robert J. Goldberg 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Culturally Adaptive Storytelling Intervention Versus Didactic Intervention To Improve Hypertension Control In Vietnam: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Feasibility Trial, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jeroan J. Allison, Duc A. Ha, German Chiriboga, Ha N. Ly, Hanh T. Tran, Cuong K. Nguyen, Diem M. Dang, Ngoc T. Phan, Nguyen C. Vu, Quang P. Nguyen, Robert J. Goldberg

Robert J. Goldberg

BACKGROUND: Vietnam is experiencing an epidemiologic transition with an increased prevalence of non-communicable diseases. Novel, large-scale, effective, and sustainable interventions to control hypertension in Vietnam are needed. We report the results of a cluster-randomized feasibility trial at 3 months follow-up conducted in Hung Yen province, Vietnam, designed to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of two community-based interventions to improve hypertension control: a "storytelling" intervention, "We Talk about Our Hypertension," and a didactic intervention. METHODS: The storytelling intervention included stories about strategies for coping with hypertension, with patients speaking in their own words, and didactic content about the importance of healthy ...


Culturally Adaptive Storytelling Intervention Versus Didactic Intervention To Improve Hypertension Control In Vietnam: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Feasibility Trial, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jeroan J. Allison, Duc A. Ha, German Chiriboga, Ha N. Ly, Hanh T. Tran, Cuong K. Nguyen, Diem M. Dang, Ngoc T. Phan, Nguyen C. Vu, Quang P. Nguyen, Robert J. Goldberg 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Culturally Adaptive Storytelling Intervention Versus Didactic Intervention To Improve Hypertension Control In Vietnam: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Feasibility Trial, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jeroan J. Allison, Duc A. Ha, German Chiriboga, Ha N. Ly, Hanh T. Tran, Cuong K. Nguyen, Diem M. Dang, Ngoc T. Phan, Nguyen C. Vu, Quang P. Nguyen, Robert J. Goldberg

Jeroan J. Allison

BACKGROUND: Vietnam is experiencing an epidemiologic transition with an increased prevalence of non-communicable diseases. Novel, large-scale, effective, and sustainable interventions to control hypertension in Vietnam are needed. We report the results of a cluster-randomized feasibility trial at 3 months follow-up conducted in Hung Yen province, Vietnam, designed to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of two community-based interventions to improve hypertension control: a "storytelling" intervention, "We Talk about Our Hypertension," and a didactic intervention. METHODS: The storytelling intervention included stories about strategies for coping with hypertension, with patients speaking in their own words, and didactic content about the importance of healthy ...


Rock-Based Fisher Safety Promotion: A Decade On, Kevin Moran Ph.D. 2017 The University of Auckland

Rock-Based Fisher Safety Promotion: A Decade On, Kevin Moran Ph.D.

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

In the 10 years from 2006 - 2015, seven percent of all drowning fatalities in New Zealand were the consequence of land-based fishing activity (Water Safety New Zealand, 2015). In 2006, a collaborative campaign was launched in the Auckland, New Zealand entitled the West Coast Fisher Safety Project. This paper reports on the findings of annual surveys from 2006-2015 to determine what impact, if any, the safety promotion has had. The most emphatic change in fisher behavior in the intervening decade has been the more frequent self-reported use of lifejackets (2006, 4%; 2015, 40%), and a gradual shift in fisher awareness ...


Traditional Risk Indices As Predictors Of Future Utilization And Cost In The Context Of Population Health For An Uninsured Cohort, Ethan T. Lubanski, Nigel Rozario, Charity G. Moore, Holly Petruso Mulder, Michael Dulin, Tom Ludden, Whitney Ellefson Rossman, Avery Ashby, Andrew McWilliams 2017 Carolinas Healthcare System

Traditional Risk Indices As Predictors Of Future Utilization And Cost In The Context Of Population Health For An Uninsured Cohort, Ethan T. Lubanski, Nigel Rozario, Charity G. Moore, Holly Petruso Mulder, Michael Dulin, Tom Ludden, Whitney Ellefson Rossman, Avery Ashby, Andrew Mcwilliams

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction: The uninsured population presents unique challenges to the application of an integrated approach to population health. Our objective is to compare and test population risk indices for identifying a cohort of uninsured patients at high-risk for avoidable healthcare utilization and costs.

Methods: Patients, who had a least one visit at a safety-net clinic, had a primary address in Mecklenburg County, were aged 18-74, and had the most recent healthcare visit coded as ‘uninsured’ were identified in the baseline period. The five risk indices used were: the HHS Hierarchical Conditions Category (HCC), the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), Total Cost Index ...


Letter From The Editors, Jeffrey L. Pellegrino, Emily Oliver, Don Marentette 2017 Aultman College of Nursing & Health Sciences

Letter From The Editors, Jeffrey L. Pellegrino, Emily Oliver, Don Marentette

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


An Open Conversation With Traditional Birth Attendants In Rural Uganda: The Potential For Collaborative Care, Elizabeth D. Yuan, Anjuli R. Cherukuri, Renny Ssembatya, Magdalena R. Naylor, Kristen K. DeStigter 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

An Open Conversation With Traditional Birth Attendants In Rural Uganda: The Potential For Collaborative Care, Elizabeth D. Yuan, Anjuli R. Cherukuri, Renny Ssembatya, Magdalena R. Naylor, Kristen K. Destigter

The Journal of Global Radiology

Background: Imaging the World-Africa (ITWA) is a registered non-governmental organization aimed at distributing low-cost ultrasound services at health centres in rural Uganda. Yet, studies demonstrate that the majority of mothers continue to deliver with unregulated traditional birth attendants (TBAs) in their local villages. It has been suggested that the unregulated practices of TBAs has contributed to the high rate of maternal and fetal mortality. A greater understanding of the roles of TBAs in the management of pregnancy and delivery is needed.

Purpose: The purpose of this report is to provide the international community with a greater understanding of TBA practices ...


Social Media Use And Access To Digital Technology In Us Young Adults In 2016., Andrea C Villanti, Amanda L Johnson, Vinu Ilakkuvan, Megan A Jacobs, Amanda L Graham, Jessica M Rath 2017 George Washington University

Social Media Use And Access To Digital Technology In Us Young Adults In 2016., Andrea C Villanti, Amanda L Johnson, Vinu Ilakkuvan, Megan A Jacobs, Amanda L Graham, Jessica M Rath

Prevention and Community Health Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: In 2015, 90% of US young adults with Internet access used social media. Digital and social media are highly prevalent modalities through which young adults explore identity formation, and by extension, learn and transmit norms about health and risk behaviors during this developmental life stage.

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to provide updated estimates of social media use from 2014 to 2016 and correlates of social media use and access to digital technology in data collected from a national sample of US young adults in 2016.

METHODS: Young adult participants aged 18-24 years in Wave 7 (October ...


Response: Population Health Approaches To First Aid Training-- A Critical Need, Georges C. Benjamin 2017 American Public Health Association

Response: Population Health Approaches To First Aid Training-- A Critical Need, Georges C. Benjamin

International Journal of First Aid Education

NA


Response: Do We Believe In Fairy Tales?, Wiebe de Vries 2017 ACM Education

Response: Do We Believe In Fairy Tales?, Wiebe De Vries

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Response To “A Call For Revolution In First Aid Education”, Paul Ho Dr 2017 Hong Kong College of Emergency Medicine

Response To “A Call For Revolution In First Aid Education”, Paul Ho Dr

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


A Call For Revolution In First Aid Education, Jeffrey L. Pellegrino, Emily Oliver, Aaron Orkin, Don Marentette, Paul Snobelen, Joanna Muise, Joe Mulligan, Emmy De Buck 2017 Aultman College of Nursing and Health Sciences

A Call For Revolution In First Aid Education, Jeffrey L. Pellegrino, Emily Oliver, Aaron Orkin, Don Marentette, Paul Snobelen, Joanna Muise, Joe Mulligan, Emmy De Buck

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Brief Report: Medication Sharing Is Rare Among African Hiv-1 Serodiscordant Couples Enrolled In An Efficacy Trial Of Oral Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep) For Hiv-1 Prevention, Kerry A. Thomson, Jessica Haberer, Mark A. Marzinke, Andrew Mujugira, Craig Hendrix, Connie Celum, Patrick Ndase, Alan Ronald, David Bangsberg, Jared Baeten 2017 University of Washington

Brief Report: Medication Sharing Is Rare Among African Hiv-1 Serodiscordant Couples Enrolled In An Efficacy Trial Of Oral Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep) For Hiv-1 Prevention, Kerry A. Thomson, Jessica Haberer, Mark A. Marzinke, Andrew Mujugira, Craig Hendrix, Connie Celum, Patrick Ndase, Alan Ronald, David Bangsberg, Jared Baeten

OHSU-PSU Joint School of Public Health Faculty Publications and Presentations

Sharing of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) medications is a concern for PrEP implementation. For HIV-1 serodiscordant couples, sharing may undermine the HIV-1 prevention benefit and also cause antiretroviral resistance if taken by HIV-1 infected partners. Within a PrEP efficacy trial among HIV-1 serodiscordant couples, we assessed the occurrence of PrEP sharing by self-report and plasma tenofovir concentrations in HIV-1 infected partners. PrEP sharing was self-reported at < 0.01% of visits, and 0% -1.6% of randomly selected and 0% of purposively selected specimens from HIV-1 infected participants had detectable tenofovir concentrations (median: 66.5 ng/mL, range: 1.3-292 ng/mL). PrEP sharing within HIV-1 serodiscordant couples was extremely rare.


West Elementary School Independence, Iowa I-Walk Report 2010, Catherine J. Lillehoj, Tami Larson, Christopher J. Seeger, Alan Jensen, Mary Huddleston 2017 Iowa Department of Public Health

West Elementary School Independence, Iowa I-Walk Report 2010, Catherine J. Lillehoj, Tami Larson, Christopher J. Seeger, Alan Jensen, Mary Huddleston

Christopher J. Seeger

In the past three decades, the number of obese and overweight individuals in Iowa and across the nation has skyrocketed. With obesity comes the greater risk of health complications and life expectancy reduction. As a result, the current generation of youth face a new and growing threat to their overall quality of life. In Iowa alone, 37.1% of 3rd grade students identify as either overweight or obese.


Riceville Elementary School Riceville, Iowa I-Walk Report 2010, Catherine J. Lillehoj, Tami Lason, Christopher J. Seeger, Alan Jensen, Mary Huddleston 2017 Iowa Department of Public Health

Riceville Elementary School Riceville, Iowa I-Walk Report 2010, Catherine J. Lillehoj, Tami Lason, Christopher J. Seeger, Alan Jensen, Mary Huddleston

Christopher J. Seeger

In the past three decades, the number of obese and overweight individuals in Iowa and across the nation has skyrocketed. With obesity comes the greater risk of health complications and life expectancy reduction. As a result, the current generation of youth face a new and growing threat to their overall quality of life. In Iowa alone, 37.1% of 3rd grade students identify as either overweight or obese.*


Tilford Elementary School Vinton, Iowa I-Walk Report 2010, Catherine J. Lillehoj, Tami Larson, Christopher J. Seeger, Alan Jensen, Mary Huddleston 2017 Iowa Department of Public Health

Tilford Elementary School Vinton, Iowa I-Walk Report 2010, Catherine J. Lillehoj, Tami Larson, Christopher J. Seeger, Alan Jensen, Mary Huddleston

Christopher J. Seeger

In the past three decades, the number of obese and overweight individuals in Iowa and across the nation has skyrocketed. With obesity comes the greater risk of health complications and life expectancy reduction. As a result, the current generation of youth face a new and growing threat to their overall quality of life. In Iowa alone, 37.1% of 3rd grade students identify as either overweight or obese.*


Schuler Elementary School Atlantic, Iowa I-Walk Report 2010, Catherine J. Lillehoj, Tami Larson, Christopher J. Seeger, Alan Jensen, Mary Huddleston 2017 Iowa Department of Public Health

Schuler Elementary School Atlantic, Iowa I-Walk Report 2010, Catherine J. Lillehoj, Tami Larson, Christopher J. Seeger, Alan Jensen, Mary Huddleston

Christopher J. Seeger

In the past three decades, the number of obese and overweight individuals in Iowa and across the nation has skyrocketed. With obesity comes the greater risk of health complications and life expectancy reduction. As a result, the current generation of youth face a new and growing threat to their overall quality of life. In Iowa alone, 37.1% of 3rd grade students identify as either overweight or obese.


Lincoln Elementary School Fort Madison, Iowa I-Walk Report 2010, Catherine J. Lillehoj, Tami Larson, Christopher J. Seeger, Alan Jensen, Mary Huddleston 2017 Iowa Department of Public Health

Lincoln Elementary School Fort Madison, Iowa I-Walk Report 2010, Catherine J. Lillehoj, Tami Larson, Christopher J. Seeger, Alan Jensen, Mary Huddleston

Christopher J. Seeger

In the past three decades, the number of obese and overweight individuals in Iowa and across the nation has skyrocketed. With obesity comes the greater risk of health complications and life expectancy reduction. As a result, the current generation of youth face a new and growing threat to their overall quality of life. In Iowa alone, 37.1% of 3rd grade students identify as either overweight or obese.


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