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Agenda: 2018 Community Engagement And Research Symposium, Community Engagement and Research Symposium 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Agenda: 2018 Community Engagement And Research Symposium, Community Engagement And Research Symposium

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Agenda for the 7th annual Community Engagement and Research Symposium, held Friday, March 9, 2018 at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA.


Speaker Biographies: 2018 Community Engagement And Research Symposium, Community Engagement and Research Symposium 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Speaker Biographies: 2018 Community Engagement And Research Symposium, Community Engagement And Research Symposium

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Biographies of all the speakers at the 7th annual Community Engagement and Research Symposium, held Friday, March 9, 2018 at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA.


When Should Naloxone Be Administered To The Undifferentiated Unresponsive Person?, Ira Nemeth, Andrew Macpherson, Richard N. Bradley 2018 Umass Memorial Medical Center

When Should Naloxone Be Administered To The Undifferentiated Unresponsive Person?, Ira Nemeth, Andrew Macpherson, Richard N. Bradley

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Imagine A World …, David A. Nelson 2018 Medical College of Wisconsin

Imagine A World …, David A. Nelson

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

The author and issue editor introduces the second half of Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews’ two-part series on health disparities and inequities in the United States. The chasm between an ideal health care system and the current reality may appear vast, and closing it insurmountable at times, but acknowledging and working to address the many health conditions that disproportionately affect specific patient populations is one step health providers and researchers can take toward closing the gap.


Facilitating Factors And Barriers To Weight Management In Women: Physician Perspectives, Renee E. Walker, Jennifer Kusch, Jennifer T. Fink, David A. Nelson, George Morris III, Jessica Skalla, Ron A. Cisler 2018 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Facilitating Factors And Barriers To Weight Management In Women: Physician Perspectives, Renee E. Walker, Jennifer Kusch, Jennifer T. Fink, David A. Nelson, George Morris Iii, Jessica Skalla, Ron A. Cisler

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: The complexity of addressing overweight and obesity in women has been an ongoing public health and health care challenge. While the mechanism for addressing overweight and obesity in women remains unclear, it has been speculated that disparities in overweight and obesity by race and gender contribute to the complexity. The purpose of the present study was to examine perceptions of primary care physicians when discussing weight management with their patients.

Methods: We conducted focus group discussions exploring facilitators and barriers to discussing weight management and weight loss among women patients. Participants included 18 family medicine and internal medicine physicians ...


Needs Assessment For Creating A Patient-Centered, Community-Engaged Health Program For Homeless Pregnant Women, Tegan Ake, Sabina Diehr, Leslie Ruffalo, Emily Farias, Ashton Fitzgerald, Samuel D. Good, Lindsay B. Howard, Stefan P. Kostelyna, Linda N. Meurer 2018 Medical College of Wisconsin

Needs Assessment For Creating A Patient-Centered, Community-Engaged Health Program For Homeless Pregnant Women, Tegan Ake, Sabina Diehr, Leslie Ruffalo, Emily Farias, Ashton Fitzgerald, Samuel D. Good, Lindsay B. Howard, Stefan P. Kostelyna, Linda N. Meurer

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Women who experience homelessness during pregnancy have poorer birth outcomes than the general population. This exploratory research describes the needs assessment of homeless women currently living at a shelter in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, to identify unmet needs related to maternal and infant perinatal health as the first step in designing a mutually beneficial patient-centered service-learning program for medical students to address these needs.

Methods: Two 1-hour focus groups were held at a shelter for women who are homeless and/or victims of domestic violence. A total of 13 women participated in each session; four medical students and a physician served ...


Community Health, Advocacy, And Managing Populations (Champ) Longitudinal Residency Education And Evaluation, Kjersti E. Knox, Will Lehmann, Joseph Vogelgesang, Deborah Simpson 2018 Aurora Health Care; University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Community Health, Advocacy, And Managing Populations (Champ) Longitudinal Residency Education And Evaluation, Kjersti E. Knox, Will Lehmann, Joseph Vogelgesang, Deborah Simpson

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Longitudinal education initiatives designed to prepare residents to address health disparities and social determinants of health (SDH) are needed. This report addresses this gap by describing a family medicine residency’s Community Health, Advocacy, and Managing Populations (CHAMP) curriculum and its evaluation by learners, faculty, and community partners. The CHAMP longitudinal curriculum is explicitly designed to prepare residents to address health disparities and SDH. We report early outcomes, including community partner feedback, of this innovative curriculum.

Methods: Data were obtained through standardized rotation evaluations, thematic analysis of structured group and individual interviews, and aggregated competency milestone data. Kirkpatrick’s ...


An Undergraduate Curriculum In Public Health Benchmarked To The Needs Of The Workforce, J. Michael Stoots, Randy Wykoff, Amal Khoury, Robert P. Pack 2018 East Tennessee State University

An Undergraduate Curriculum In Public Health Benchmarked To The Needs Of The Workforce, J. Michael Stoots, Randy Wykoff, Amal Khoury, Robert P. Pack

ETSU Faculty Works

East Tennessee State University (ETSU) has offered an undergraduate degree in public health for 60 years. Alumni survey data have documented that the majority of the graduates from this program enter the workforce [see accompanying commentary by Wykoff, et al. (1)]. To keep pace with ongoing changes in the workforce, the decision was made to completely review, and, as appropriate, revise and restructure the Bachelor of Science in Public Health (BSPH) curriculum.


Exploring Health Care Seeking Knowledge, Perceptions And Practices For Childhood Diarrhea And Pneumonia And Their Context In A Rural Pakistani Community, Wafa Aftab, Leah Shipton, Fauziah Rabbani, Kashif Sangrasi, Shagufta Perveen, Aysha Zahidie, Imran Naeem, Shamim Qazi 2018 Aga Khan University

Exploring Health Care Seeking Knowledge, Perceptions And Practices For Childhood Diarrhea And Pneumonia And Their Context In A Rural Pakistani Community, Wafa Aftab, Leah Shipton, Fauziah Rabbani, Kashif Sangrasi, Shagufta Perveen, Aysha Zahidie, Imran Naeem, Shamim Qazi

Community Health Sciences

BACKGROUND:

Where access to facilities for childhood diarrhea and pneumonia is inadequate, community case management (CCM) is an effective way of improving access to care. In Pakistan, utilization of CCM for these diseases through the Lady Health Worker Program remains low. Challenges of access to facilities persist leading to delayed care and poor outcomes. Estimating caregiver knowledge, understanding their perceptions and practices, and recognizing how these are related to care seeking decisions about childhood diarrhea and pneumonia is crucial to bring about coherence between supply and demand-side practices.

METHODS:

Data was collected from family caregivers to explore their knowledge, perceptions ...


Implementation Of A Low-Cost Unna Boot Alternative As Adjunctive Treatment For Kaposi Sarcoma, Alexander Robert Mills, Edith Tonui, Sonak Pastakia, Rakhi Karwa, Phelix Were 2018 Purdue University

Implementation Of A Low-Cost Unna Boot Alternative As Adjunctive Treatment For Kaposi Sarcoma, Alexander Robert Mills, Edith Tonui, Sonak Pastakia, Rakhi Karwa, Phelix Were

Engagement & Service-Learning Summit: Reciprocal & Sustainable Partnerships

There are 6 million people living with HIV; 70% reside in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Furthermore, 1.1 million deaths occur due to opportunistic infections (OIs) that can be minimized with antiretroviral therapy. In Kenya, Kaposi Sarcoma (KS) is an especially debilitating OI that presents with dermatologic lesions; magnifying the stigma that patients with HIV face physically and psychosocially. Dermatology research is underway to determine the effectiveness of an unna boot (medicated, layered compression dressing) to speed the healing of these lesions with anecdotal success. Commercially available unna boot products are too expensive and not readily available in SSA. Clinicians from ...


Arizona Registered Dietitians Show Gaps In Knowledge Of Bean Health Benefits, Donna M. Winham, Andrea M. Hutchins, Sharon V. Thompson, Mariah K. Dougherty 2018 Iowa State University

Arizona Registered Dietitians Show Gaps In Knowledge Of Bean Health Benefits, Donna M. Winham, Andrea M. Hutchins, Sharon V. Thompson, Mariah K. Dougherty

Donna Winham

Registered Dietitians (RDs) promote nutrition practices and policies and can influence food consumption patterns to include nutrient dense foods such as beans. Although many evidence-based health benefits of bean consumption (e.g., cholesterol reduction, glycemic control) have been demonstrated, there is limited research on the knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of RDs regarding the inclusion of beans in a healthy diet. To fill this existing research gap, this cross-sectional survey explored the perceptions, knowledge, and attitudes of 296 RDs in Arizona, USA, toward beans. The RDs largely held positive attitudes toward the healthfulness of beans and were aware of many health ...


Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices Regarding Cervical Cancer And Screening Among Women Visiting Primary Health Care Centres In Bahrain., Ghufran A. Jassim, Alaaeddin Obeid, Huda A. Al Nasheet 2018 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland-Medical University of Bahrain

Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices Regarding Cervical Cancer And Screening Among Women Visiting Primary Health Care Centres In Bahrain., Ghufran A. Jassim, Alaaeddin Obeid, Huda A. Al Nasheet

Family and Community Medicine MUB Articles

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers among women, with 80% of the cases occurring in developing countries. Cervical cancer is largely preventable by effective screening programs. This has not been possible with opportunistic screening and its low use in the Kingdom of Bahrain. The objective of this study was to explore the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of women attending primary care health centres for cervical cancer screening.

METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 300 women attending primary health care centres in Bahrain. We used a validated tool comprised of 45 items to collect data through ...


Arizona Registered Dietitians Show Gaps In Knowledge Of Bean Health Benefits, Donna M. Winham, Andrea M. Hutchins, Sharon V. Thompson, Mariah K. Dougherty 2018 Iowa State University

Arizona Registered Dietitians Show Gaps In Knowledge Of Bean Health Benefits, Donna M. Winham, Andrea M. Hutchins, Sharon V. Thompson, Mariah K. Dougherty

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Registered Dietitians (RDs) promote nutrition practices and policies and can influence food consumption patterns to include nutrient dense foods such as beans. Although many evidence-based health benefits of bean consumption (e.g., cholesterol reduction, glycemic control) have been demonstrated, there is limited research on the knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of RDs regarding the inclusion of beans in a healthy diet. To fill this existing research gap, this cross-sectional survey explored the perceptions, knowledge, and attitudes of 296 RDs in Arizona, USA, toward beans. The RDs largely held positive attitudes toward the healthfulness of beans and were aware of many health ...


An Ambivalent Embrace: Service Needs And Gaps For Asian Immigrants In New Destinations, John J. Chin 2018 Hunter College, City University of New York

An Ambivalent Embrace: Service Needs And Gaps For Asian Immigrants In New Destinations, John J. Chin

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Asian immigrants to the U.S. are settling in "new destinations," but there has been little research on their health care and social service needs. Our analysis of Census data to identify cities with the fastest Asian immigrant population growth (1990-2000) yielded 33 smaller cities in 13 states. The cities ranged in population from 7,677 to 86,660; were spread across 13 states in the Northeast, South, and Midwest regions of the US; and varied widely demographically. Pilot surveys conducted in 2009 indicated that, although many residents had positive attitudes towards immigrants, many were also concerned about job competition ...


Using Photovoice As A Tool For Community Engagement To Assess The Environment And Explore Environmental Health Disparities, Heather M. Brandt, Venice E. Haynes, LaShanta J. Rice, Dayna Campbell, Edith Williams, *Sacoby Wilson, Saundra H. Glover 2018 University of South Carolina

Using Photovoice As A Tool For Community Engagement To Assess The Environment And Explore Environmental Health Disparities, Heather M. Brandt, Venice E. Haynes, Lashanta J. Rice, Dayna Campbell, Edith Williams, *Sacoby Wilson, Saundra H. Glover

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Photovoice was used as a participatory research method to document perceived local environmental hazards, pollution sources, and potential impact on health among community members to address environmental health disparities. A convenience sample of 16 adults in Orangeburg, South Carolina participated in Photovoice. Photos depicted positive and negative implications of the environment across seven themes: recreation and leisure; food access; hazards and pollution; health, human, and social services; economic issues; beautification; and accommodation and accessibility. Positive and negative photos demonstrated a high level of interest among community members in considering how the environment influences health and health disparities.


Race And “Hotspots” Of Preventable Hospitalizations, Caryn N. Bell, Janice V. Bowie, Roland J. Thorpe Jr. 2018 University of Maryland, College Park

Race And “Hotspots” Of Preventable Hospitalizations, Caryn N. Bell, Janice V. Bowie, Roland J. Thorpe Jr.

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Abstract

Preventable hospitalizations (PHs) are those for ambulatory care-sensitive conditions that indicate insufficiencies in local primary healthcare. PH rates tend to be higher among African Americans, in urban centers, rural areas and areas with more African American residents. The objective of this study is to determine geographic clusters of high PH rates (“spatial clusters”) by race. Data from Maryland hospitals were utilized to determine the rates of PHs in zip code tabulation areas (ZCTAs) by race in 2010. Geographic clusters of ZCTAs with higher than expected PH rates were identified using Scan Statistic and Anselin’s Local Moran’s I ...


Persistence With Mammography Screening And Stage At Breast Cancer Diagnosis Among Elderly Appalachia-West Virginia Women, Ami Vyas, Suresh Madhavan, Usha Sambamoorthi 2018 University of Rhode Island

Persistence With Mammography Screening And Stage At Breast Cancer Diagnosis Among Elderly Appalachia-West Virginia Women, Ami Vyas, Suresh Madhavan, Usha Sambamoorthi

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

The objective of this study is to evaluate the association between persistence with mammography screening and stage at breast cancer diagnosis in elderly Appalachia-West Virginia women diagnosed with first incident breast cancer. The study utilized West Virginia Cancer Registry-Medicare linked database to identify women age 70 and above diagnosed with first incident breast cancer in 2007. Persistence to mammography screening was defined as having had at least three mammography screenings before breast cancer diagnosis. A multiple logistic regression was conducted to assess the association between persistence with mammography screening and stage at breast cancer diagnosis in these women. Of the ...


Seychelles: Diabetes, Camille Myers 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Seychelles: Diabetes, Camille Myers

Global Public Health

One of the major health problems in Seychelles, a cluster of islands off the coast of Eastern Africa, is diabetes. There are many different types of diabetes, but the most common type to this region is Type 2 diabetes. At this time Seychelles, and many other countries in Africa, have about half of the adult population diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. Along with the diagnosis of diabetes being a problem, people in Seychelles often go undiagnosed for a while because they are ignorant to the risks and the symptoms of the disease. Only about 50% of the population with pre-diabetic ...


South Africa: Hiv/Aids, Ninna Therese P. Mendoza 2018 Augustana College - Rock Island

South Africa: Hiv/Aids, Ninna Therese P. Mendoza

Global Public Health

South Africa is found in the southernmost part of the African continent. Over half of its 54.8 million people live in urban areas such as Johannesburg and Cape Town, which are the largest urban centers in the country. Some major challenges this country currently faces include the growing drug trade, border disputes, and racial tensions attributed to their history with the apartheid. When it comes to public health, one of their biggest challenges is the HIV/AIDS epidemic, which is currently the largest in the world. Although no cure exists yet, antiretroviral treatments (ARTs) have been highly successful for ...


Micronesia: Tuberculosis, Mulualem Hailom 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Micronesia: Tuberculosis, Mulualem Hailom

Global Public Health

This brief contains the general information of the Federal state of Micronesia, major problems of the country, and in particular Tuberculosis disease and Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis. Under the general information of Micronesia, the location, the political structure, the demographic information, and the internal and also external challenges are listed. This brief also has detailed information about the two simultaneous outbreaks of Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis of Micronesia. Tuberculosis is one of death contributing factor in Micronesia. Tuberculosis can be cured if the therapy is properly taken but if the therapy isn’t taken properly, the TB disease can grow into Multidrug –Resistance tuberculosis ...


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