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Transition In Occupations Of Refugees During Resettlement, Jacqueline-Elizabeth Cantrell, Kimberley K. Banuelos, Adam Chan, Jennifer H. Daine 2019 Dominican University of California

Transition In Occupations Of Refugees During Resettlement, Jacqueline-Elizabeth Cantrell, Kimberley K. Banuelos, Adam Chan, Jennifer H. Daine

Occupational Therapy | Graduate Capstone Projects

Purpose: In 2016, there were 22.5 million refugees worldwide (UNHCR, 2017). California resettled just over 5,000 of those 85,000 (Igielnik & Krogstad, 2017). Limited research has been conducted in the United States (U.S.) focusing on the refugee experience; furthermore, there is a significant gap in research regarding the impact of the refugee experience on the occupations of refugees as they transition to living in the U.S. Smith (2012) explored the adaptation of cultural weaving among Karen refugees to maintain their previous occupations and the impact of daily weaving on their lives within Western culture; however, the study focused only on work occupations. This study sought to capture the experience of refugees and the impact ...


Patterns Of Interaction Public Health Pbrns: Insight From Network Analysis, Rachel A. Hogg, Glen P. Mays 2019 University of Kentucky

Patterns Of Interaction Public Health Pbrns: Insight From Network Analysis, Rachel A. Hogg, Glen P. Mays

Rachel Hogg-Graham

This report presents data from a network analysis survey conducted with public health practice-based research networks (PBRNs) to examine patterns of interaction among researchers and public health practitioners who participate in the networks. These data provide a baseline for tracking the types and frequencies of interaction that occur within networks, and reveal opportunities for promoting more productive patterns of engagement in applied public health research. Over time, these types of data can reveal how and under what circumstances PBRNs facilitate the production and application of research about public health services and delivery systems. The analysis includes data on more than ...


Tell Me More: Promoting Compassionate Patient Care Through Conversations With Medical Students, Danielle Qing, Anjali Narayan, Kristin Reese, Sarah Hartman, Taranjeet Ahuja, Alice Fornari 2019 Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell

Tell Me More: Promoting Compassionate Patient Care Through Conversations With Medical Students, Danielle Qing, Anjali Narayan, Kristin Reese, Sarah Hartman, Taranjeet Ahuja, Alice Fornari

Alice Fornari

Tell Me More® (TMM) is a medical student driven project that represents a movement amongst the rising generation of physicians to practice humanistic, patient-centered medicine through a collaborative approach. Students interviewed patients to create individualized posters designed to build rapport and trust between patients and clinicians, remind patients of their special strengths by highlighting their unique interests and qualities, and encourage more personal and compassionate patient-clinician interactions in order to enhance the patient experience. Students asked each patient three questions: 1. “How would your friends describe you?” 2. “What are your strengths?” 3. “What has been most meaningful to you ...


At-Risk Ems Employees- A Model Of Assessment And Intervention.Pdf, Ron J. Hammond, Kate Miller 2019 Utah Valley University

At-Risk Ems Employees- A Model Of Assessment And Intervention.Pdf, Ron J. Hammond, Kate Miller

Ron J. Hammond

This paper includes data results from a survey of Utah (U.S.) EMS personnel.  Those who reported having already reach a point of wanting to quit the field and having reached a point of wanting to resign their current position were classified as being “At Risk” (N=142) and were compared to those who had not (N=395).  T-Test and ratio analysis indicated that those At Risk were found to have significantly higher incidences of difficult past calls, PTSD-like symptoms, and a variety of personal hardships. Both groups had relatively high indicators of negative impact of working in the EMS ...


Do Hospital Closures Affect Patient Time In An Ambulance?, SuZanne Troske, Alison Davis 2019 University of Kentucky

Do Hospital Closures Affect Patient Time In An Ambulance?, Suzanne Troske, Alison Davis

Rural & Underserved Health Research Center Publications

When a hospital closes in a community, patients needing emergency care may spend more time in an ambulance to receive care in an emergency department (ED). We explore how hospital closures affect the time a patient travels from an incident location where 9-1-1 was called to the ED in an ambulance.

  • Rural patients average an estimated 11 additional minutes in an ambulance the year after a hospital closure in their zip code, a 76% increase compared to before the closure.
  • Urban and suburban patients have no change in transportation time in zip codes where a hospital closes.
  • Patients over 64 ...


Using Networks And Econometrics To Identify Pathways For Population Health Improvement, Glen P. Mays 2019 University of Kentucky

Using Networks And Econometrics To Identify Pathways For Population Health Improvement, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

This lecture for Vanderbilt University's Health Policy Grand Rounds series describes research from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Systems for Action program about multi-sector strategies for improving population health. Combining methods from network analysis and econometrics, we characterize the structure of multi-sector health networks and estimate their influence on health outcomes and healthcare spending over time.


Improving Population Health Through System Alignment: Lessons For Local Boards Of Health, Glen P. Mays 2019 University of Kentucky

Improving Population Health Through System Alignment: Lessons For Local Boards Of Health, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

This session for local board of health officials in Kentucky describes research from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Systems for Action program about strategies to align medical, social, and public health delivery systems, and the health and economic effects of these initiatives.


Acknowledgment Of 2018 Jpcrr Peer Reviewers, 2019 Aurora Health Care

Acknowledgment Of 2018 Jpcrr Peer Reviewers

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

The editors of Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews gratefully acknowledge the contributions of submission reviewers from the previous year. Peer review is an essential component to publishing quality, trustworthy scientific literature.


Delineating And Operationalizing The Definition Of Patient-Oriented Research: A Modified E-Delphi Study, Navdeep Kaur, Pierre Pluye 2019 McGill University

Delineating And Operationalizing The Definition Of Patient-Oriented Research: A Modified E-Delphi Study, Navdeep Kaur, Pierre Pluye

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: The importance of patient-oriented research (POR) has been recognized by the scientific community and governmental agencies, and its development is exponential across most health-related disciplines. The current Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) definition of POR is overly broad and hinders the reliable selection of POR-related publications from bibliographic databases. The present study was aimed to adapt CIHR’s definition of POR into an operational definition that can be used by stakeholders for selecting POR publications.

Methods: Eighteen POR experts in Québec, Canada, were invited to participate in a modified e-Delphi study. Two rounds of Delphi surveys were undertaken ...


Physical Therapists’ Perceptions Of Barriers To The Use Of Evidence-Based Fall Prevention Intervention With Individuals Of 65 Years Of Age Or Older, Charles Agbonghae 2019 University of St Augustine for Health Sciences

Physical Therapists’ Perceptions Of Barriers To The Use Of Evidence-Based Fall Prevention Intervention With Individuals Of 65 Years Of Age Or Older, Charles Agbonghae

Student Dissertations

Falls are a problem in the elderly population. Evidence-based fall prevention programs are available but physical therapists do not always utilize them. The literature identifies a number of barriers to clinician’s use of evidence-based interventions in general but there is limited knowledge of barriers to the use of evidence-based interventions in the clinical practice area of fall prevention. The purpose of this study was to identify barriers perceived by physical therapists to the use of evidence-based fall prevention interventions with individuals of 65 years of age or older. The study utilized an on-line survey of physical therapists licensed in ...


Who Speaks For Me?: Addressing Variability In Informed Consent Practices For Minimal Risk Research Involving Foster Youth, Mary V. Greiner, Sarah J. Beal, Antonio Allen, Vikash Patel, Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Armand Antommaria 2019 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and the University of Cincinnati

Who Speaks For Me?: Addressing Variability In Informed Consent Practices For Minimal Risk Research Involving Foster Youth, Mary V. Greiner, Sarah J. Beal, Antonio Allen, Vikash Patel, Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Armand Antommaria

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Background: Youth in protective custody (i.e., foster care) are at higher risk for poorer physical and mental health outcomes compared with those who are not. These differences may be due in part to the lack of research on the population to create evidence-based recommendations for health care delivery. A potential contributor to this lack of research is difficulties in obtaining informed consent for empirical studies in this population. The objective of this study was to describe the approaches to obtaining informed consent in minimal risk studies of foster youth and provide recommendations for future requirements.

Methods: We conducted a ...


Disparities In Access To Primary Care And Emergency Department Utilization In A Large Medicaid Program, Natasha Parekh, Marian Jarlenski, David Kelley 2019 University of Pittsburgh

Disparities In Access To Primary Care And Emergency Department Utilization In A Large Medicaid Program, Natasha Parekh, Marian Jarlenski, David Kelley

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Identifying and eliminating disparities are priorities for State Medicaid programs, especially in the context of increased enrollment through Medicaid expansion. We assessed racial, ethnic, regional, and managed care organization (MCO) differences, as well as time trends before and after Medicaid expansion, in primary care and emergency department (ED) utilization in a large Medicaid program. We performed a cross-sectional evaluation of data from Pennsylvania Medicaid from 2011-2015. Three primary care outcomes included: 1) adult access to primary care; 2) adolescent access to primary care; and 3) pediatric access to dental care. Our fourth outcome reflected ED utilization. We observed significant racial ...


Financial Barriers And Utilization Of Medical Services In Prison: An Examination Of Co-Payments, Personal Assets, And Individual Characteristics, Brian R. Wyant PhD, Holly M. Harner 2019 La Salle University

Financial Barriers And Utilization Of Medical Services In Prison: An Examination Of Co-Payments, Personal Assets, And Individual Characteristics, Brian R. Wyant Phd, Holly M. Harner

Journal for Evidence-based Practice in Correctional Health

Although research has found that requiring incarcerated individuals to pay fees for medical service decreases use, there are still important unanswered questions about this association: 1) Is the copayment fee a barrier to those seeking medical attention? 2) If so, what individual factors are associated with viewing the copayments as the reason to avoid seeing a medical professional? Using 2012 survey data collected from 45 incarcerated persons housed in a maximum security prison on the East Coast, it was discovered that over 70% of the men surveyed reported avoiding medical services at least once in the past three months due ...


General Population Normative Data For The Eortc Qlq-C30 Health-Related Quality Of Life Questionnaire Based On 15,386 Persons Across 13 European Countries, Canada And The Unites States, S. Nolte, G. Liegl, M. A. Petersen, N. K. Aaronson, A. Costantini, P. M. Fayers, M. Groenvold, B. Holzner, C. D. Johnson, G Kemmler, K. A. Tomaszewski, A. Waldmann, T. E. Young, Matthias S. F. Rose 2019 Humboldt University of Berlin

General Population Normative Data For The Eortc Qlq-C30 Health-Related Quality Of Life Questionnaire Based On 15,386 Persons Across 13 European Countries, Canada And The Unites States, S. Nolte, G. Liegl, M. A. Petersen, N. K. Aaronson, A. Costantini, P. M. Fayers, M. Groenvold, B. Holzner, C. D. Johnson, G Kemmler, K. A. Tomaszewski, A. Waldmann, T. E. Young, Matthias S. F. Rose

Open Access Articles

OBJECTIVE: The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 health-related quality of life questionnaire is one of the most widely used cancer-specific health-related quality of life questionnaires worldwide. General population norm data can facilitate the interpretation of QLQ-C30 data obtained from cancer patients. This study aimed at systematically collecting norm data from the general population to develop European QLQ-C30 norm scores and to generate comparable norm data for individual countries in Europe and North America.

METHODS: We collected QLQ-C30 data from the general population across 11 European Union (EU) countries, Russia, Turkey, Canada and United States (n ...


Establishing The European Norm For The Health-Related Quality Of Life Domains Of The Computer-Adaptive Test Eortc Cat Core, G. Liegl, M. A. Petersen, M. Groenvold, N. K. Aaronson, A. Costantini, P. M. Fayers, B. Holzner, C. D. Johnson, G. Kemmler, K. A. Tomaszewski, A. Waldmann, T. E. Young, Matthias S. F. Rose, S. Nolte 2019 Humboldt University of Berlin

Establishing The European Norm For The Health-Related Quality Of Life Domains Of The Computer-Adaptive Test Eortc Cat Core, G. Liegl, M. A. Petersen, M. Groenvold, N. K. Aaronson, A. Costantini, P. M. Fayers, B. Holzner, C. D. Johnson, G. Kemmler, K. A. Tomaszewski, A. Waldmann, T. E. Young, Matthias S. F. Rose, S. Nolte

Open Access Articles

OBJECTIVE: The computer-adaptive test (CAT) of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC), the EORTC CAT Core, assesses the same 15 domains as the EORTC QLQ-C30 health-related quality of life questionnaire but with increased precision, efficiency, measurement range and flexibility. CAT parameters for estimating scores have been established based on clinical data from cancer patients. This study aimed at establishing the European Norm for each CAT domain based on general population data.

METHODS: We collected representative general population data across 11 European Union (EU) countries, Russia, Turkey, Canada and the United States (n > /= 1000/country; stratified by ...


Care Of Acute Conditions And Chronic Diseases In Canada And The United States: Rapid Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Keren M. Escobar, Dorian Murariu, Sharon Munro, Kevin M. Gorey 2019 University of Windsor

Care Of Acute Conditions And Chronic Diseases In Canada And The United States: Rapid Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Keren M. Escobar, Dorian Murariu, Sharon Munro, Kevin M. Gorey

Social Work Publications

This study tested the hypothesis that socioeconomically vulnerable Canadians with diverse acute conditions or chronic diseases have health care access and survival advantages over their counterparts in the USA. A rapid systematic review retrieved 25 studies (34 independent cohorts) published between 2003 and 2018. They were synthesized with a streamlined meta-analysis. Very low-income Canadian patients were consistently and highly advantaged in terms of health care access and survival compared with their counterparts in the USA who lived in poverty and/or were uninsured or underinsured. In aggregate and controlling for specific conditions or diseases and typically 4 to 9 comorbid ...


Defining Homelessness In The Rural United States, Amelia Yousey, Rhucha Samudra 2018 SUNY Brockport

Defining Homelessness In The Rural United States, Amelia Yousey, Rhucha Samudra

Online Journal of Rural Research & Policy

Rural homelessness in the United States is an understudied phenomenon. Among those studies which do address the issue, there exists no uniform or consistent definition for rural homelessness. In this review of the literature, we look at rural homelessness and consolidate the literature into four main groups based on the definitions currently in use. We recommend a comprehensive definition for rural homelessness that looks at this phenomenon on a spectrum of needs, populations, and periodicity. We further recommend that current homeless count methodology be improved by using a more detailed survey of homeless situations, not only in the rural United ...


Trends In Opioid Use In Pediatric Patients In Us Emergency Departments From 2006 To 2015, Daniel M. Tomaszewski, Cody Arbuckle, Sun Yang, Erik J. Linstead 2018 Chapman University

Trends In Opioid Use In Pediatric Patients In Us Emergency Departments From 2006 To 2015, Daniel M. Tomaszewski, Cody Arbuckle, Sun Yang, Erik J. Linstead

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Importance The use of opioids to treat pain in pediatric patients has been viewed as necessary; however, this practice has raised concerns regarding opioid abuse and the effects of opioid use. To effectively adjust policy regarding opioids in the pediatric population, prescribing patterns must be better understood.

Objective To evaluate opioid prescribing patterns in US pediatric patients and factors associated with opioid prescribing.

Design, Setting, and Participants This cross-sectional study used publicly available data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey from January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2015. Analysis included the use of bivariate and multivariate models to ...


One-Sentence, One-Word: An Innovative Data Collection Method To Enhance Exploration Of The Lived Experiences, Shannon L. Sibbald, Dylan Brennan, Aleksandra Zecevic 2018 Western University

One-Sentence, One-Word: An Innovative Data Collection Method To Enhance Exploration Of The Lived Experiences, Shannon L. Sibbald, Dylan Brennan, Aleksandra Zecevic

The Qualitative Report

Experienced-based methods are growing in popularity and are increasingly being utilized in a variety of research programs and investigations. They enable researchers and participants to co-design research strategies and outcomes and subsequently propose solutions to potential problems in the partnership. By applying an experience-based methods lens, we sought to augment traditional qualitative interviewing methodologies by using a novel method we named “one-sentence, one-word” (1S1W). To apply our 1S1W method, we used a phenomenological study that examined the relationship between the risk of falling and the desire of master athletes to engage in competitive sports. Participants reflected and recorded their subjective ...


Designing Shared Decision-Making Interventions For Dissemination And Sustainment: Can Implementation Science Help Translate Shared Decision Making Into Routine Practice, Andy S. Tan L, Kathleen M. Mazor, Daniel McDonald, Stella J. Lee, Demetria McNeal, Daniel D. Matlock, Russell E. Glasgow 2018 Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Designing Shared Decision-Making Interventions For Dissemination And Sustainment: Can Implementation Science Help Translate Shared Decision Making Into Routine Practice, Andy S. Tan L, Kathleen M. Mazor, Daniel Mcdonald, Stella J. Lee, Demetria Mcneal, Daniel D. Matlock, Russell E. Glasgow

Open Access Articles

Shared decision making (SDM) is not widely practiced in routine care due to a variety of organizational, provider, patient, and contextual factors. This article explores how implementation science-which encourages attention to the multilevel contextual factors that influence the adoption, implementation, and sustainment of health care practices-can provide useful insights for increasing SDM use in routine practice. We engaged with stakeholders representing different organizations and geographic locations over three phases: 1) multidisciplinary workgroup meeting comprising researchers and clinicians (n = 11); 2) survey among a purposive sample of 47 patient advocates, clinicians, health care system leaders, funders, policymakers, and researchers; and 3 ...


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