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Need Vs. Supply Analysis Of The New Haven Public Bus System, Stan Mathis 2017 Yale University

Need Vs. Supply Analysis Of The New Haven Public Bus System, Stan Mathis

Yale Day of Data

ABSTRACT:

The aim of the study was to assess how well the public transportation system of New Haven County was matched to the public transit need using publicly available geospatial datasets from state and federal sources. Geospatial bus stop data was extracted from public State of Connecticut data sets. Census tract geography was extracted from US Census TIGER files while census tract aggregated household vehicle access data was queried from the American Community Survey data access server. A census tract’s Need was defined as percentage of households reporting access to zero vehicles; its supply was defined as the number ...


Emergency Department Utilization: A Qualitative Analysis Of Illinois Medical Home Network Patients., Crystal M. Glover, Yanina A. Purim-Shem-Tov 2017 Rush University Medical Center

Emergency Department Utilization: A Qualitative Analysis Of Illinois Medical Home Network Patients., Crystal M. Glover, Yanina A. Purim-Shem-Tov

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Background

Inappropriate emergency department (ED) use continues to plague healthcare in terms of disease management and costs. In 2012, the State of Illinois implemented Medical Home Network (MHN) where Medicaid recipients were assigned to primary care providers to, in part, reduce overreliance on EDs. However, MHN patients have continued to use EDs.

Objective

The purpose of this study is to provide a qualitative analysis of Medicaid patient-identified barriers to primary care, facilitators of emergency use, and related mental health and psychosocial factors.

Methods

Patients who presented themselves at the ED located at an urban, academic medical center participated in one-time ...


Stroke Outreach In The Lao Community, Noor A. Dythavon 2016 University of San Francisco

Stroke Outreach In The Lao Community, Noor A. Dythavon

Master's Projects

CNL Abstract

A community health needs assessment for the service area prompted concern regarding access to quality healthcare for non-English speaking Southeast Asians (SEA) in the area. Goals of an initial investigation and subsequent implementation of sustainable stroke health fairs for non-English speaking communities were evaluated to assess primary healthcare concerns that the SEA community face and to suggest long-term solutions to these issues. Initial investigation required researching population-specific minority health statistics to quantify the prevalence of chronic diseases and conditions which were prioritized in terms of needs versus disparities. Research came from evidence base practice guidelines and personal concern ...


Tobacco Use, Cessation, And Locus Of Control Among College Students, Bernard Ambe 2016 Stephen F Austin State University

Tobacco Use, Cessation, And Locus Of Control Among College Students, Bernard Ambe

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to (a) determine the locus of control among American college students (b) determine if tobacco use or cessation correlate with any demographic variables to better understand the efficacy of tobacco interventions and help design an intervention most effective in the prominent LOC of college students.

The Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) was modified for the purposes of this study and used to determine demographic factors and tobacco usage status. The modified GATS survey also included the LOC questionnaire which yielded the data. Seventy-four responses were recorded. The mean locus of control scores were ...


Health Communication, Information Technology And The Public’S Attitude Toward Periodic General Health Examination, Quan-Hoang Vuong 2016 Universite Libre de Bruxelles

Health Communication, Information Technology And The Public’S Attitude Toward Periodic General Health Examination, Quan-Hoang Vuong

Quan-Hoang Vuong

Periodic general health examinations (GHEs) are gradually becoming more popular as they employ
subclinical screenings as a means of early detection. This study considers the effect of information
technology (IT), health communications and the public’s attitude towards GHEs in Vietnam. A total of
2,068 valid observations were obtained from a survey in Hanoi and its surrounding areas, out of which
42.12% said they were willing to use IT applications to recognise illness symptoms, nearly 2/3 of them
rated the healthcare quality at average level or below. The data, which is processed by the BCL model,
has ...


Leveraging A Statewide Clinical Data Warehouse To Expand Boundaries Of The Learning Health System, Christine B. Turley 2016 Health Sciences South Carolina

Leveraging A Statewide Clinical Data Warehouse To Expand Boundaries Of The Learning Health System, Christine B. Turley

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Learning Health Systems (LHS) require accessible, usable health data and a culture of collaboration—a challenge for any single system, let alone disparate organizations, with macro- and micro-systems. Recently, the National Science Foundation described this important setting as a cyber-social ecosystem. In 2004, in an effort to create a platform for transforming health in South Carolina, Health Sciences South Carolina (HSSC) was established as a research collaboration of the largest health systems, academic medical centers and research intensive universities in South Carolina. With work beginning in 2010, HSSC unveiled an integrated Clinical Data Warehouse (CDW) in 2013 as a crucial ...


Availability Of Buprenorphine Treatment In Kentucky, Elijah T. Myers, Tyrone F. Borders 2016 University of Kentucky

Availability Of Buprenorphine Treatment In Kentucky, Elijah T. Myers, Tyrone F. Borders

Institute for Rural Health Policy Reports

Drug overdose and substance use treatment admissions data indicate that opioid use is problematic in Kentucky, but little information exists about the geographic availability of buprenorphine treatment across the state. Furthermore, there is even less information about the characteristics of the physicians prescribing buprenorphine. This report describes the availability of buprenorphine treatment in Kentucky.


Cost-Effectiveness Of Genomic-Based Warfarin Therapy, John Weissert, Kourosh Ravvaz 2016 Aurora Research Institute

Cost-Effectiveness Of Genomic-Based Warfarin Therapy, John Weissert, Kourosh Ravvaz

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: With over 40 years of demonstrated clinical efficacy, warfarin remains the world’s most used pharmaceutical to prevent ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, warfarin has many challenges. Thus, despite known effectiveness, warfarin is a leading cause to drug-induced morbidity and mortality. Over 50 different warfarin therapy protocols, including a number of pharmacogenomic-based (PG) protocols, with as many as 14 independent variables, have been developed to improve safety and efficacy, thereby reducing ischemic strokes and intracranial hemorrhages (ICH).

Purpose: To conduct a preliminary cost-effectiveness study to determine the price point at which using warfarin PG dosing ...


Identifying Disparities In Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates In Milwaukee-Based Academic And Nonacademic Clinics, Jasmine Wiley, Jonathan J. Blaza, Will Lehmann, Deborah Simpson, Jeffrey A. Stearns, Shelby L. Pischke, Tracy L. Greiten 2016 Department of Family Medicine, Aurora Health Care

Identifying Disparities In Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates In Milwaukee-Based Academic And Nonacademic Clinics, Jasmine Wiley, Jonathan J. Blaza, Will Lehmann, Deborah Simpson, Jeffrey A. Stearns, Shelby L. Pischke, Tracy L. Greiten

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: The Institute for Healthcare Improvement’s Triple Aim focuses on improving the patient’s experience of care, improving population health and reducing the per capita cost of health care. Health care systems and providers continuously seek to improve quality of care through understanding what percentage of their patients are achieving quality-of-care standards for various indicators, including immunizations, tobacco cessation, asthma and cancer screening. As health care moves toward reimbursing for value-based care, deepening our understanding of patient population characteristics within each of these conditions is vital to continuous quality improvement.

Purpose: To determine if there are race/ethnicity/age ...


Bias In The Eyes Of Resident Physicians, Abel H. Irena, Kern A. Reid, Richard Battiola, Anthony Cáceres 2016 Department of Internal Medicine, Aurora Health Care

Bias In The Eyes Of Resident Physicians, Abel H. Irena, Kern A. Reid, Richard Battiola, Anthony Cáceres

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: The utilization of patient characteristics can allow health care providers to arrive at diagnosis or decide on treatment options; however, the subjective nature of patient characterization can negatively affect patient care. A 2003 Institute of Medicine report, called Unequal Treatment, recognized that bias or stereotyping may affect provider-patient communication or the care offered.

Purpose: To investigate residents’ recognition of bias in an inpatient care setting.

Methods: In order to explore the topic of bias among providers, we elected to indirectly assess its recognition among providers by asking their opinion in an anonymous manner about their fellow residents. This, we ...


Health And Health Care In Kentucky: Variations By Region And Metro/Micro/Rural Status, Tyrone F. Borders, Keith Branham 2016 University of Kentucky

Health And Health Care In Kentucky: Variations By Region And Metro/Micro/Rural Status, Tyrone F. Borders, Keith Branham

Institute for Rural Health Policy Reports

Health policy makers and health system managers frequently make decisions to allocate and organize resources according to differences in unmet needs across geographic areas. This report describes, compares, and contrasts key health, health behavior, and health care access indicators by region and metropolitan status in Kentucky.


Quantitative Economic Evaluations Of Hiv-Related Prevention And Treatment Services: A Review, David R. Holtgrave, Ronald O. Valdiserri, Gary A. West 2016 University of New Hampshire

Quantitative Economic Evaluations Of Hiv-Related Prevention And Treatment Services: A Review, David R. Holtgrave, Ronald O. Valdiserri, Gary A. West

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Dr. Holtgrave and colleagues at the CDC set forth an extensive taxonomy of HIV prevention and treatment services and review reports of efforts to subject some of those services to formal economic evaluation. They find few services thus far to have been so evaluated, no evaluation to have focused solely upon behavioral outcomes and most economic evaluations to lack formal quantitative analyses.


Motor Development And Skill Acquisition In Elementary Aged Students, Joanna M. Guerrant Ms. 2016 Morehead State University

Motor Development And Skill Acquisition In Elementary Aged Students, Joanna M. Guerrant Ms.

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Mastering physical movement occurs through motor learning and experience. Motor development is needed for successful acquisition of sport and other physical skills. A lack of motor skills has been associated with decreased physical activity later in life, which has been linked to a variety of hypokinetic diseases. This study examined motor learning and skill acquisition in elementary age children. Twenty 2nd-5th grade students were recruited through the local school system. Subjects did not have any injuries that would preclude them from performing three basic skills (modified squat, tree, and arm and leg raises). IRB approval, parental consent ...


“What Matters To You?”: A Pilot Project For Implementing Patient-Centered Care, Anthony M. DiGIoia MD, III, Sarah B. Clayton, Michelle B. Giarrusso 2016 Bone and Joint Center at Magee-Womens Hospital of UPMC and PFCC Innovation Center of UPMC

“What Matters To You?”: A Pilot Project For Implementing Patient-Centered Care, Anthony M. Digioia Md, Iii, Sarah B. Clayton, Michelle B. Giarrusso

Patient Experience Journal

This project was intended to enhance the delivery of patient-centered care by asking patients what matters to them before and after total joint replacement (TJR) surgery. In Phase I, pre-operatively, patients undergoing total joint replacement (TJR) surgery were asked, “What matters to you before surgery, during your hospital stay, and in the first 3 months following surgery?” and “What matters to you moving forward after you’ve recovered from your joint replacement?” Four weeks post-operatively they were asked, “Now that that you’ve been through the surgery and first 4 weeks of recovery, can you identify new concerns that you ...


Envisioning Mechanisms For Success: Evaluation Of Ebcd At Cheo, Kristina Rohde, Mireille Brosseau, Diane Gagnon, Jennifer Schellinck, Christine Kouri 2016 Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute

Envisioning Mechanisms For Success: Evaluation Of Ebcd At Cheo, Kristina Rohde, Mireille Brosseau, Diane Gagnon, Jennifer Schellinck, Christine Kouri

Patient Experience Journal

To advance patient engagement (PE) and more comprehensively involve patients, families, and staff in quality improvement (QI) at the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO), the Experience Based Co-Design (EBCD) approach was piloted. Set against the backdrop of envisioning factors that would facilitate success, an evaluation was designed to assess five domains: strengthening of mutual understanding, collaboration, and partnerships between patients/families and staff; a greater involvement of patients, families, and staff in QI; satisfaction with the process; the ability of EBCD to generate clear and useful data to ascertain the patient/family and staff experience; and the ability ...


Patient Advisors: How To Implement A Process For Involvement At All Levels Of Governance In A Healthcare Organization, Marie-Pascale Pomey, Edith Morin, Catherine Neault, Veronique Biron, Lise Houle, Louise Lavigueur, Guy Bouvette, Nicole St-Pierre, Martin Beaumont 2016 University of Montreal

Patient Advisors: How To Implement A Process For Involvement At All Levels Of Governance In A Healthcare Organization, Marie-Pascale Pomey, Edith Morin, Catherine Neault, Veronique Biron, Lise Houle, Louise Lavigueur, Guy Bouvette, Nicole St-Pierre, Martin Beaumont

Patient Experience Journal

Patient involvement at the operational (clinical care and services), tactical (management), and strategic (board of directors and executive management) levels of establishments is increasingly sought after. To address this specific challenge, a Canadian healthcare organization, the Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux de la Mauricie-et-du-Centre-du-Québec, has developed an integrated strategy based on three principles: (1) shared leadership between a patient and a manager to build the strategy; (2) a clear process for recruiting, training, and coaching patient advisors (PA) so that they can participate in decision-making at the various levels of governance of the establishment; and (3 ...


Using Patient Value Statements To Develop A Culture Of Patient-Centred Care: A Case Study Of An Ontario, Canada Hospital, Erica Bridge, Madelyn P. Law, Miya Narushima 2016 Brock University

Using Patient Value Statements To Develop A Culture Of Patient-Centred Care: A Case Study Of An Ontario, Canada Hospital, Erica Bridge, Madelyn P. Law, Miya Narushima

Patient Experience Journal

Patient-centred care (PCC) is not a new concept; however, in recent years it has garnered increasing attention in the research literature and clinical practice. PCC in clinical practice has been found to improve clinical outcomes, resource allocation, and the patient experience. In response to the need for PCC and quality in healthcare, the Ontario, Canada government developed the Excellent Care for All Act (ECFAA) in 2010. The ECFAA imposes six obligations to Ontario hospitals, one of which is developing and publishing a Patient Declaration of Values (PDoV). The purpose of this study was to explore how a leading patient-centred Ontario ...


Showcasing Patient Experience And Engagement Best Practices Through An Innovative Forum Celebrating Patients, Families, And Multidisciplinary Care Teams, Alison S. Tothy MD, Sunitha K. Sastry, Andres Valencia, Mary Kate Springman, Susan Murphy 2016 University of Chicago

Showcasing Patient Experience And Engagement Best Practices Through An Innovative Forum Celebrating Patients, Families, And Multidisciplinary Care Teams, Alison S. Tothy Md, Sunitha K. Sastry, Andres Valencia, Mary Kate Springman, Susan Murphy

Patient Experience Journal

A platform was designed for interdisciplinary teams to learn from colleagues, patients, and their families, about what creates and sustains positive, lasting impressions from their care team. A forum focused on positive experiences designed to highlight the relationships between patients and care teams was utilized. A Best Practices Forum was designed to share methods for generating positive patient experiences across the institution. These quarterly conferences featured patient stories and highlighted best practices such as empathic communications, collaboration, and teamwork used by caregivers throughout the institution. The patient experience team invited various well-performing departments to share best practices, as well as ...


Creating A Common Trajectory: Shared Decision Making And Distributed Cognition In Medical Consultations, Katherine D. Lippa, Valerie L. Shalin 2016 Wright State University

Creating A Common Trajectory: Shared Decision Making And Distributed Cognition In Medical Consultations, Katherine D. Lippa, Valerie L. Shalin

Patient Experience Journal

The growing literature on shared decision making and patient centered care emphasizes the patient’s role in clinical care, but research on clinical reasoning almost exclusively addresses physician cognition. In this article, we suggest clinical cognition is distributed between physicians and patients and assess how distributed clinical cognition functions during interactions between medical professionals and patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). A combination of cognitive task analysis and discourse analysis reveals the distribution of clinical reasoning between 24 patients and 3 medical professionals engaged in MS management. Findings suggest that cognition was distributed between patients and physicians in all major tasks ...


Improving The Patient Experience Through A Commit To Sit Service Excellence Initiative, Cari D. Lidgett 2016 Texas Christian University Doctorate of Nursing Practice Student

Improving The Patient Experience Through A Commit To Sit Service Excellence Initiative, Cari D. Lidgett

Patient Experience Journal

Effective communication between nurses and patients positively impacts patient care, outcomes, and the patient experience. While in the hospital, patients receive information from multiple caregivers and are often overwhelmed and confused. Nurses make up the majority of interactions with patients and are in an ideal position to improve the patient experience from the front lines. The purpose of implementing the Commit to Sit service excellence initiative was to positively impact the patient’s perception of nurse communication by nurses sitting with their patients during each shift. Outcomes were measured by the overall nurse communication composite on the Press Ganey survey ...


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