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Leveraging A Statewide Clinical Data Warehouse To Expand Boundaries Of The Learning Health System, Christine B. Turley 2016 Health Sciences South Carolina

Leveraging A Statewide Clinical Data Warehouse To Expand Boundaries Of The Learning Health System, Christine B. Turley

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Learning Health Systems (LHS) require accessible, usable health data and a culture of collaboration—a challenge for any single system, let alone disparate organizations, with macro- and micro-systems. Recently, the National Science Foundation described this important setting as a cyber-social ecosystem. In 2004, in an effort to create a platform for transforming health in South Carolina, Health Sciences South Carolina (HSSC) was established as a research collaboration of the largest health systems, academic medical centers and research intensive universities in South Carolina. With work beginning in 2010, HSSC unveiled an integrated Clinical Data Warehouse (CDW) in 2013 as a crucial ...


Cost-Effectiveness Of Genomic-Based Warfarin Therapy, John Weissert, Kourosh Ravvaz 2016 Aurora Research Institute

Cost-Effectiveness Of Genomic-Based Warfarin Therapy, John Weissert, Kourosh Ravvaz

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: With over 40 years of demonstrated clinical efficacy, warfarin remains the world’s most used pharmaceutical to prevent ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, warfarin has many challenges. Thus, despite known effectiveness, warfarin is a leading cause to drug-induced morbidity and mortality. Over 50 different warfarin therapy protocols, including a number of pharmacogenomic-based (PG) protocols, with as many as 14 independent variables, have been developed to improve safety and efficacy, thereby reducing ischemic strokes and intracranial hemorrhages (ICH).

Purpose: To conduct a preliminary cost-effectiveness study to determine the price point at which using warfarin PG dosing ...


Bias In The Eyes Of Resident Physicians, Abel H. Irena, Kern A. Reid, Richard Battiola, Anthony Cáceres 2016 Department of Internal Medicine, Aurora Health Care

Bias In The Eyes Of Resident Physicians, Abel H. Irena, Kern A. Reid, Richard Battiola, Anthony Cáceres

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: The utilization of patient characteristics can allow health care providers to arrive at diagnosis or decide on treatment options; however, the subjective nature of patient characterization can negatively affect patient care. A 2003 Institute of Medicine report, called Unequal Treatment, recognized that bias or stereotyping may affect provider-patient communication or the care offered.

Purpose: To investigate residents’ recognition of bias in an inpatient care setting.

Methods: In order to explore the topic of bias among providers, we elected to indirectly assess its recognition among providers by asking their opinion in an anonymous manner about their fellow residents. This, we ...


Identifying Disparities In Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates In Milwaukee-Based Academic And Nonacademic Clinics, Jasmine Wiley, Jonathan J. Blaza, Will Lehmann, Deborah Simpson, Jeffrey A. Stearns, Shelby L. Pischke, Tracy L. Greiten 2016 Department of Family Medicine, Aurora Health Care

Identifying Disparities In Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates In Milwaukee-Based Academic And Nonacademic Clinics, Jasmine Wiley, Jonathan J. Blaza, Will Lehmann, Deborah Simpson, Jeffrey A. Stearns, Shelby L. Pischke, Tracy L. Greiten

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: The Institute for Healthcare Improvement’s Triple Aim focuses on improving the patient’s experience of care, improving population health and reducing the per capita cost of health care. Health care systems and providers continuously seek to improve quality of care through understanding what percentage of their patients are achieving quality-of-care standards for various indicators, including immunizations, tobacco cessation, asthma and cancer screening. As health care moves toward reimbursing for value-based care, deepening our understanding of patient population characteristics within each of these conditions is vital to continuous quality improvement.

Purpose: To determine if there are race/ethnicity/age ...


Quantitative Economic Evaluations Of Hiv-Related Prevention And Treatment Services: A Review, David R. Holtgrave, Ronald O. Valdiserri, Gary A. West 2016 University of New Hampshire

Quantitative Economic Evaluations Of Hiv-Related Prevention And Treatment Services: A Review, David R. Holtgrave, Ronald O. Valdiserri, Gary A. West

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Dr. Holtgrave and colleagues at the CDC set forth an extensive taxonomy of HIV prevention and treatment services and review reports of efforts to subject some of those services to formal economic evaluation. They find few services thus far to have been so evaluated, no evaluation to have focused solely upon behavioral outcomes and most economic evaluations to lack formal quantitative analyses.


Motor Development And Skill Acquisition In Elementary Aged Students, Joanna M. Guerrant Ms. 2016 Morehead State University

Motor Development And Skill Acquisition In Elementary Aged Students, Joanna M. Guerrant Ms.

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Mastering physical movement occurs through motor learning and experience. Motor development is needed for successful acquisition of sport and other physical skills. A lack of motor skills has been associated with decreased physical activity later in life, which has been linked to a variety of hypokinetic diseases. This study examined motor learning and skill acquisition in elementary age children. Twenty 2nd-5th grade students were recruited through the local school system. Subjects did not have any injuries that would preclude them from performing three basic skills (modified squat, tree, and arm and leg raises). IRB approval, parental consent ...


“What Matters To You?”: A Pilot Project For Implementing Patient-Centered Care, Anthony M. DiGIoia MD, III, Sarah B. Clayton, Michelle B. Giarrusso 2016 Bone and Joint Center at Magee-Womens Hospital of UPMC and PFCC Innovation Center of UPMC

“What Matters To You?”: A Pilot Project For Implementing Patient-Centered Care, Anthony M. Digioia Md, Iii, Sarah B. Clayton, Michelle B. Giarrusso

Patient Experience Journal

This project was intended to enhance the delivery of patient-centered care by asking patients what matters to them before and after total joint replacement (TJR) surgery. In Phase I, pre-operatively, patients undergoing total joint replacement (TJR) surgery were asked, “What matters to you before surgery, during your hospital stay, and in the first 3 months following surgery?” and “What matters to you moving forward after you’ve recovered from your joint replacement?” Four weeks post-operatively they were asked, “Now that that you’ve been through the surgery and first 4 weeks of recovery, can you identify new concerns that you ...


Envisioning Mechanisms For Success: Evaluation Of Ebcd At Cheo, Kristina Rohde, Mireille Brosseau, Diane Gagnon, Jennifer Schellinck, Christine Kouri 2016 Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute

Envisioning Mechanisms For Success: Evaluation Of Ebcd At Cheo, Kristina Rohde, Mireille Brosseau, Diane Gagnon, Jennifer Schellinck, Christine Kouri

Patient Experience Journal

To advance patient engagement (PE) and more comprehensively involve patients, families, and staff in quality improvement (QI) at the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO), the Experience Based Co-Design (EBCD) approach was piloted. Set against the backdrop of envisioning factors that would facilitate success, an evaluation was designed to assess five domains: strengthening of mutual understanding, collaboration, and partnerships between patients/families and staff; a greater involvement of patients, families, and staff in QI; satisfaction with the process; the ability of EBCD to generate clear and useful data to ascertain the patient/family and staff experience; and the ability ...


Patient Advisors: How To Implement A Process For Involvement At All Levels Of Governance In A Healthcare Organization, Marie-Pascale Pomey, Edith Morin, Catherine Neault, Veronique Biron, Lise Houle, Louise Lavigueur, Guy Bouvette, Nicole St-Pierre, Martin Beaumont 2016 University of Montreal

Patient Advisors: How To Implement A Process For Involvement At All Levels Of Governance In A Healthcare Organization, Marie-Pascale Pomey, Edith Morin, Catherine Neault, Veronique Biron, Lise Houle, Louise Lavigueur, Guy Bouvette, Nicole St-Pierre, Martin Beaumont

Patient Experience Journal

Patient involvement at the operational (clinical care and services), tactical (management), and strategic (board of directors and executive management) levels of establishments is increasingly sought after. To address this specific challenge, a Canadian healthcare organization, the Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux de la Mauricie-et-du-Centre-du-Québec, has developed an integrated strategy based on three principles: (1) shared leadership between a patient and a manager to build the strategy; (2) a clear process for recruiting, training, and coaching patient advisors (PA) so that they can participate in decision-making at the various levels of governance of the establishment; and (3 ...


Using Patient Value Statements To Develop A Culture Of Patient-Centred Care: A Case Study Of An Ontario, Canada Hospital, Erica Bridge, Madelyn P. Law, Miya Narushima 2016 Brock University

Using Patient Value Statements To Develop A Culture Of Patient-Centred Care: A Case Study Of An Ontario, Canada Hospital, Erica Bridge, Madelyn P. Law, Miya Narushima

Patient Experience Journal

Patient-centred care (PCC) is not a new concept; however, in recent years it has garnered increasing attention in the research literature and clinical practice. PCC in clinical practice has been found to improve clinical outcomes, resource allocation, and the patient experience. In response to the need for PCC and quality in healthcare, the Ontario, Canada government developed the Excellent Care for All Act (ECFAA) in 2010. The ECFAA imposes six obligations to Ontario hospitals, one of which is developing and publishing a Patient Declaration of Values (PDoV). The purpose of this study was to explore how a leading patient-centred Ontario ...


Showcasing Patient Experience And Engagement Best Practices Through An Innovative Forum Celebrating Patients, Families, And Multidisciplinary Care Teams, Alison S. Tothy MD, Sunitha K. Sastry, Andres Valencia, Mary Kate Springman, Susan Murphy 2016 University of Chicago

Showcasing Patient Experience And Engagement Best Practices Through An Innovative Forum Celebrating Patients, Families, And Multidisciplinary Care Teams, Alison S. Tothy Md, Sunitha K. Sastry, Andres Valencia, Mary Kate Springman, Susan Murphy

Patient Experience Journal

A platform was designed for interdisciplinary teams to learn from colleagues, patients, and their families, about what creates and sustains positive, lasting impressions from their care team. A forum focused on positive experiences designed to highlight the relationships between patients and care teams was utilized. A Best Practices Forum was designed to share methods for generating positive patient experiences across the institution. These quarterly conferences featured patient stories and highlighted best practices such as empathic communications, collaboration, and teamwork used by caregivers throughout the institution. The patient experience team invited various well-performing departments to share best practices, as well as ...


Creating A Common Trajectory: Shared Decision Making And Distributed Cognition In Medical Consultations, Katherine D. Lippa, Valerie L. Shalin 2016 Wright State University

Creating A Common Trajectory: Shared Decision Making And Distributed Cognition In Medical Consultations, Katherine D. Lippa, Valerie L. Shalin

Patient Experience Journal

The growing literature on shared decision making and patient centered care emphasizes the patient’s role in clinical care, but research on clinical reasoning almost exclusively addresses physician cognition. In this article, we suggest clinical cognition is distributed between physicians and patients and assess how distributed clinical cognition functions during interactions between medical professionals and patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). A combination of cognitive task analysis and discourse analysis reveals the distribution of clinical reasoning between 24 patients and 3 medical professionals engaged in MS management. Findings suggest that cognition was distributed between patients and physicians in all major tasks ...


Improving The Patient Experience Through A Commit To Sit Service Excellence Initiative, Cari D. Lidgett 2016 Texas Christian University Doctorate of Nursing Practice Student

Improving The Patient Experience Through A Commit To Sit Service Excellence Initiative, Cari D. Lidgett

Patient Experience Journal

Effective communication between nurses and patients positively impacts patient care, outcomes, and the patient experience. While in the hospital, patients receive information from multiple caregivers and are often overwhelmed and confused. Nurses make up the majority of interactions with patients and are in an ideal position to improve the patient experience from the front lines. The purpose of implementing the Commit to Sit service excellence initiative was to positively impact the patient’s perception of nurse communication by nurses sitting with their patients during each shift. Outcomes were measured by the overall nurse communication composite on the Press Ganey survey ...


Beyond Patient-Centered Care: Enhancing The Patient Experience In Mental Health Services Through Patient-Perspective Care, Timothy A. Carey Prof 2016 Flinders University

Beyond Patient-Centered Care: Enhancing The Patient Experience In Mental Health Services Through Patient-Perspective Care, Timothy A. Carey Prof

Patient Experience Journal

Delivering mental health services as patient-centered care has been an international priority for more than 50 years. Despite its longevity there is still not widespread agreement regarding how it should be defined or how it should guide the delivery of services. Generally, though, prioritizing the patient’s values and preferences seem to be at the core of this particular approach. It is not clear, however, that services attend to patient values and preferences as closely as they should. Terms such as “treatment resistant” and “noncompliant” seem to belie an attitude where the therapist’s opinion is privileged rather than the ...


Patient Organizations And Primary Care Development: Reflections By Patients With Chronic Diseases, Britta E. Berglund, Irene Westerlund 2016 Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Box 564, Uppsala University, SE-75122 Uppsala, Sweden

Patient Organizations And Primary Care Development: Reflections By Patients With Chronic Diseases, Britta E. Berglund, Irene Westerlund

Patient Experience Journal

To explore how patients with chronic diseases, as well as members of patient organizations, perceive primary care and how they think about how to participate in primary care development. Focus group interviews with 28 patients in three regions in Sweden were conducted. We identified four themes: Availability of care, How to be met by professionals, Information needs and Continuity and prevention in care. Important was to meet the same doctor at every visit and to be met with empathy and knowledge about your disease. Suggestions about better use of technical information services, introduction of a coordinator in the waiting room ...


Why Do They Do That?: Looking Beyond Typical Reasons For Non-Urgent Ed Use Among Medicaid Patients, Cynthia J. Sieck, Jennifer L. Hefner, Randy Wexler, Chris A. Taylor, Ann S. McAlearney 2016 The Ohio State University

Why Do They Do That?: Looking Beyond Typical Reasons For Non-Urgent Ed Use Among Medicaid Patients, Cynthia J. Sieck, Jennifer L. Hefner, Randy Wexler, Chris A. Taylor, Ann S. Mcalearney

Patient Experience Journal

Barriers to accessing primary care, including lack of transportation and inadequate appointment times, are common reasons for non-urgent emergency department (ED) use yet even when these barriers are addressed, the problem persists. This study explored non-urgent ED use by Medicaid enrollees through interviews with patients and providers and sought to identify themes beyond the commonly mentioned logistical and access issues. Qualitative interviews with 23 Medicaid enrollees and 31 PCP and ED providers utilizing a semi-structured interview guide focused on reasons for seeking care in the ED and issues associated with PCP appointments. We identified overlap as well as surprising differences ...


Uninsured Free Clinic Patients’ Experiences And Perceptions Of Healthcare Services, Community Resources, And The Patient Protection And Affordable Care Act, Akiko Kamimura, Jeanie Ashby, Ha Trinh, Liana Prudencio, Anthony Mills, Jennifer Tabler, Maziar Nourian, Fattima Ahmed, Justine Reel 2016 University of Utah

Uninsured Free Clinic Patients’ Experiences And Perceptions Of Healthcare Services, Community Resources, And The Patient Protection And Affordable Care Act, Akiko Kamimura, Jeanie Ashby, Ha Trinh, Liana Prudencio, Anthony Mills, Jennifer Tabler, Maziar Nourian, Fattima Ahmed, Justine Reel

Patient Experience Journal

Free clinics provide free or reduced fee healthcare to individuals who lack access to primary care and are socio-economically disadvantaged. There has been a paucity of free clinic research with the few studies employing a quantitative design. The purpose of this study is to conduct an in-depth qualitative exploration of free clinic patients’ experience and perceptions of healthcare services, community resources, and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). Free clinic adult patients (n=35) participated in four focus groups between June and July 2014 (one Spanish group in June, and two English groups and one Spanish group in ...


Why Human Resources Policies And Practices Are Critical To Improving The Patient Experience, Shari Berman 2016 GPFAC The Beryl Institute

Why Human Resources Policies And Practices Are Critical To Improving The Patient Experience, Shari Berman

Patient Experience Journal

While providing patient-centered care seems to be a goal for many organizations, delivering on this goal requires practices which are embedded in the organization, which incent patient-centered behavior. The author argues Human Resources (HR) policies, procedures and programs are key to supporting an organizations’ vision and culture. This means an HR executive partnering with the CEO who sets the vision and HR builds programs to support the vision. As the organization understands what is important to patients and how to best serve them, HR can build patient care improvement into every aspect of the organization. The author describes how competency ...


‘First, Do No Harm’: Shifting The Paradigm Towards A Culture Of Health, Karen Luxford 2016 Clinical Excellence Commission

‘First, Do No Harm’: Shifting The Paradigm Towards A Culture Of Health, Karen Luxford

Patient Experience Journal

Over the past 17 years since the release of the Institute of Medicine report ‘To Err is Human’,1 health services and agencies around the world have increasingly focused on improving the safety and quality of health care. Historically, the commitment by health care professionals to ‘first do no harm’ has produced a focus on the absence of interventions that may cause adverse outcomes. This clinical approach links to the Hippocratic Oath which includes the promise "to abstain from doing harm". The Oath reminds clinicians to first consider the possible harm that any intervention might do. This approach to interactions ...


The Experience Era Is Upon Us, Jason A. Wolf PhD 2016 The Beryl Institute / Patient Experience Journal

The Experience Era Is Upon Us, Jason A. Wolf Phd

Patient Experience Journal

In this moment in healthcare, the challenges for those in the system are dynamically shifting and the perspectives, desires and needs of the healthcare consumer are putting positive and lasting pressures on how healthcare works that will shift healthcare from where it has been to where it must go. At the heart of this transition are the ideas framing an experience era, where collaborative, consumer-focused and purposeful actions can and will lead to a healthcare system returning to its fundamental calling, that of human beings caring for human beings. In doing so we can change the nature of healthcare and ...


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