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Collecting, Integrating, And Disseminating Patient-Reported Outcomes For Research In A Learning Healthcare System, Christopher A. Harle, Gloria Lipori, Robert W. Hurley 2016 Indiana University Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health

Collecting, Integrating, And Disseminating Patient-Reported Outcomes For Research In A Learning Healthcare System, Christopher A. Harle, Gloria Lipori, Robert W. Hurley

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction: Advances in health policy, research, and information technology have converged to increase the electronic collection and use of patient-reported outcomes (PROs). Therefore, it is important to share lessons learned in implementing PROs in research information systems.

Case Description: The purpose of this case study is to describe a novel information system for electronic PROs and lessons learned in implementing that system to support research in an academic health center. The system incorporates freely available and commercial software and involves clinical and research workflows that support the collection, transformation, and research use of PRO data. The software and processes that ...


The Beauty Of Banner Tables, Pei-Pei Lei, Carla Hillerns 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Beauty Of Banner Tables, Pei-Pei Lei, Carla Hillerns

Center for Health Policy and Research (CHPR) Publications and Presentations

Blog post to AEA365, a blog sponsored by the American Evaluation Association (AEA) dedicated to highlighting Hot Tips, Cool Tricks, Rad Resources, and Lessons Learned for evaluators. The American Evaluation Association is an international professional association of evaluators devoted to the application and exploration of program evaluation, personnel evaluation, technology, and many other forms of evaluation. Evaluation involves assessing the strengths and weaknesses of programs, policies, personnel, products, and organizations to improve their effectiveness.


Injury-Related Infant Deaths: A State Analysis Of A Public Health, Health Care, Policy Network, Sharla Smith, Xi Zhu, Mary Aitken 2016 University of Kansas Medical Center

Injury-Related Infant Deaths: A State Analysis Of A Public Health, Health Care, Policy Network, Sharla Smith, Xi Zhu, Mary Aitken

Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research

Introduction: This research examines a state-level public health, health care, and policy network focused on efforts to reduce unintentional childhood injuries. The network is composed of 12 organizations: four public health, four health care, and four policy.

Methods: A 23-item survey was administered to the 12 organizations between January and June 2015. Analyses were conducted using HyperResearch and UCInet 6.

Results: More organizations worked together on assessment and planning efforts that identify and quantify the nature of at-risk infants in the community and strategies for reducing injury-related infant deaths. The Injury Prevention Center, the most central organization, interacted most frequently ...


A Tool To Cost Environmental Health Services In North Carolina Local Health Departments, Nancy L. Winterbauer, Simone Singh, Ashley Tucker, Lisa M. Harrison 2016 East Carolina University

A Tool To Cost Environmental Health Services In North Carolina Local Health Departments, Nancy L. Winterbauer, Simone Singh, Ashley Tucker, Lisa M. Harrison

Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research

Introduction: The cost of providing a basic set of public health services necessary not been well-described. Recent work suggests public health practitioners are unlikely to have the empirically-based financing information necessary to make informed decisions regarding practice. The purpose of this paper is to describe the development of a costing tool used to collect primary data on the number of services provided, staff employed, and costs incurred for two types of mandated environmental health services: food and lodging inspections and onsite water services.

Methods: The tool was iteratively reviewed, revised, and piloted with local health department (LHD) environmental health and ...


Using The Theory Of Fundamental Causes To Show The Potential Effects Of Socioeconomic Status On Surgical Outcomes, Mehwish Qasim, A.B.D. 2016 University of Iowa

Using The Theory Of Fundamental Causes To Show The Potential Effects Of Socioeconomic Status On Surgical Outcomes, Mehwish Qasim, A.B.D.

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Surgical procedures are both costly and common. There are large differences in surgical outcomes both within and between hospitals based on patient characteristics such as measures of income. In both 2000 and 2009, patients residing in low-income communities had worse morbidity and mortality rates, across a wide range of quality indicators. In this review, the author will explicate the Theory of Fundamental Causes as it relates to surgical care, review key empirical findings and address potential limitations of the theory. This review will provide a platform for researchers to discuss current research in surgical disparities using the Theory of Fundamental ...


Addressing Health Disparities Among Homeless In Alachua County Through Community-Based Participatory Research., Meron Hirpa, Omar Iqbal, Haider Ali, Sama I. Ilyas, Nabeel Iqbal, Jeena A. Kar, Tiffany Splatt, Brendan Shortley, Nancy Hardt 2016 University of Florida

Addressing Health Disparities Among Homeless In Alachua County Through Community-Based Participatory Research., Meron Hirpa, Omar Iqbal, Haider Ali, Sama I. Ilyas, Nabeel Iqbal, Jeena A. Kar, Tiffany Splatt, Brendan Shortley, Nancy Hardt

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Introduction. In states such as Florida that did not expand Medicaid, a large number of economically disadvantaged individuals do not qualify for subsidies to buy health insurance through the Affordable Care Act (ACA) 2. This leaves the health needs of Florida’s homeless population largely unaddressed. Nearly 48.1% of Alachua County’s homeless population has disabling conditions 16. This confirms a pressing need to understand the homeless population's healthcare needs, knowledge, and barriers in accessing healthcare. Methods. We used a Community-Based Participatory Research model in conducting health fairs and needs assessment surveys, incentivizing participation, and providing education about ...


Families Healing Together: Exploring A Family Recovery Online Course, Samantha Estrada 2016 University of Northern Colorado

Families Healing Together: Exploring A Family Recovery Online Course, Samantha Estrada

The Qualitative Report

Family members who are trying to support their loved one are often overburdened with stress, and health issues. Research has shown that families who receive family psychosocial education and support can have a dramatic impact on recovery outcomes and their family’s overall well-being. Family psychoeducation is not common. Families Healing Together (FHT) is an online family mental health recovery program that was developed to address this critical gap in family mental health care services. Using an exploratory case study methodology to understand how the program’s philosophy and practice impacts the program’s participants as well as how the ...


Using A Data Quality Framework To Clean Data Extracted From The Electronic Health Record: A Case Study., Oliwier Dziadkowiec, Tiffany Callahan, Mustafa Ozkaynak, Blaine Reeder, John Welton 2016 University of Colorado, College of Nursing, Anschutz Medical Campus

Using A Data Quality Framework To Clean Data Extracted From The Electronic Health Record: A Case Study., Oliwier Dziadkowiec, Tiffany Callahan, Mustafa Ozkaynak, Blaine Reeder, John Welton

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Objectives: Examine (1) the appropriateness of using a data quality (DQ) framework developed for relational databases as a data-cleaning tool for a dataset extracted from two EPIC databases; and (2) the differences in statistical parameter estimates on a dataset cleaned with the DQ framework and dataset not cleaned with the DQ framework.

Background: The use of data contained within electronic health records (EHRs) has the potential to open doors for a new wave of innovative research. Without adequate preparation of such large datasets for analysis, the results might be erroneous, which might affect clinical decision making or results of Comparative ...


Survival Rates In Trauma Patients Following Health Care Reform In Massachusetts, Turner Osler, Laurent G. Glance, Wenjun Li, Jeffery S. Buzas, David W. Hosmer 2016 University of Vermont Medical Center

Survival Rates In Trauma Patients Following Health Care Reform In Massachusetts, Turner Osler, Laurent G. Glance, Wenjun Li, Jeffery S. Buzas, David W. Hosmer

Wenjun Li

IMPORTANCE: Massachusetts introduced health care reform (HCR) in 2006, expecting to expand health insurance coverage and improve outcomes. Because traumatic injury is a common acute condition with important health, disability, and economic consequences, examination of the effect of HCR on patients hospitalized following injury may help inform the national HCR debate. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of Massachusetts HCR on survival rates of injured patients. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective cohort study of 1,520,599 patients hospitalized following traumatic injury in Massachusetts or New York during the 10 years (2002-2011) surrounding Massachusetts HCR using data from the State Inpatient ...


Driving Change: Tips For Helping Stakeholders Stay Motivated, Joshua P. Twomey, Joan Johnston 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Driving Change: Tips For Helping Stakeholders Stay Motivated, Joshua P. Twomey, Joan Johnston

Center for Health Policy and Research (CHPR) Publications and Presentations

Blog post to AEA365, a blog sponsored by the American Evaluation Association (AEA) dedicated to highlighting Hot Tips, Cool Tricks, Rad Resources, and Lessons Learned for evaluators. The American Evaluation Association is an international professional association of evaluators devoted to the application and exploration of program evaluation, personnel evaluation, technology, and many other forms of evaluation. Evaluation involves assessing the strengths and weaknesses of programs, policies, personnel, products, and organizations to improve their effectiveness.


Commentary: Sense And Sensibility: The Role Of Specialists In Health Care Reform, Nanette M. Schwann MD, Brian A. Nester DO, Thomas M. McLoughlin Jr, MD 2016 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Commentary: Sense And Sensibility: The Role Of Specialists In Health Care Reform, Nanette M. Schwann Md, Brian A. Nester Do, Thomas M. Mcloughlin Jr, Md

Thomas M McLoughlin Jr., MD

No abstract provided.


Tweet, Like, Share: Using Social Media To Connect With The Evaluation World, Jennifer Rosinski 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Tweet, Like, Share: Using Social Media To Connect With The Evaluation World, Jennifer Rosinski

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

Blog post to AEA365, a blog sponsored by the American Evaluation Association (AEA) dedicated to highlighting Hot Tips, Cool Tricks, Rad Resources, and Lessons Learned for evaluators. The American Evaluation Association is an international professional association of evaluators devoted to the application and exploration of program evaluation, personnel evaluation, technology, and many other forms of evaluation. Evaluation involves assessing the strengths and weaknesses of programs, policies, personnel, products, and organizations to improve their effectiveness.


Multiple Imputation Based Clustering Validation (Miv) For Big Longitudinal Trial Data With Missing Values In Ehealth, Zhaoyang Zhang, Hua (Julia) Fang, Honggang Wang 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Multiple Imputation Based Clustering Validation (Miv) For Big Longitudinal Trial Data With Missing Values In Ehealth, Zhaoyang Zhang, Hua (Julia) Fang, Honggang Wang

Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations

Web-delivered trials are an important component in eHealth services. These trials, mostly behavior-based, generate big heterogeneous data that are longitudinal, high dimensional with missing values. Unsupervised learning methods have been widely applied in this area, however, validating the optimal number of clusters has been challenging. Built upon our multiple imputation (MI) based fuzzy clustering, MIfuzzy, we proposed a new multiple imputation based validation (MIV) framework and corresponding MIV algorithms for clustering big longitudinal eHealth data with missing values, more generally for fuzzy-logic based clustering methods. Specifically, we detect the optimal number of clusters by auto-searching and -synthesizing a suite of ...


Prep Advocacy Project: Increasing The Adoption Of Pre-­Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep) In San Luis Obispo County, Leona Rajaee 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Prep Advocacy Project: Increasing The Adoption Of Pre-­Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep) In San Luis Obispo County, Leona Rajaee

Journalism

The following study investigates the need for Pre­exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) in San Luis Obispo (SLO) County in order to develop an effective health outreach and advocacy program that could increase the adoption of PrEP treatment and in turn decrease new HIV transmissions in the community studied. The sponsor of this study is the Access Support Network (ASN), a non­profit organization that provides supportive services for individuals living with HIV/AIDS. ASN launched this study after observing the effectiveness of PrEP in metropolitan cities. At the same time, ASN also noticed a rise in new HIV transmissions, particularly among ...


Kentucky Special Report: State-Level Field Network Study Of The Implementation Of The Affordable Care Act, Julia Costich, Glen P. Mays 2016 University of Kentucky

Kentucky Special Report: State-Level Field Network Study Of The Implementation Of The Affordable Care Act, Julia Costich, Glen P. Mays

Health Management and Policy Reports

No abstract provided.


Chhs June 2016 Icymi, Dr. John Bonaguro, VaShon S. Wells, editor, College of Health and Human Services 2016 Western Kentucky University

Chhs June 2016 Icymi, Dr. John Bonaguro, Vashon S. Wells, Editor, College Of Health And Human Services

College of Health & Human Services Publications

No abstract provided.


Calcium Phosphate As A Key Material For Socially Responsible Tissue Engineering, Vuk Uskoković, Victoria M. Wu 2016 Chapman University

Calcium Phosphate As A Key Material For Socially Responsible Tissue Engineering, Vuk Uskoković, Victoria M. Wu

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Socially responsible technologies are designed while taking into consideration the socioeconomic, geopolitical and environmental limitations of regions in which they will be implemented. In the medical context, this involves making therapeutic platforms more accessible and affordable to patients in poor regions of the world wherein a given disease is endemic. This often necessitates going against the reigning trend of making therapeutic nanoparticles ever more structurally complex and expensive. However, studies aimed at simplifying materials and formulations while maintaining the functionality and therapeutic response of their more complex counterparts seldom provoke a significant interest in the scientific community. In this review ...


Literature Review On Hospital Costs For Patients Undergoing Colectomy, Brian P.H. Chen, ScM, Hang Cheng, Martha Romney, RN, MS, JD, MPH, Carine Chia-Wen Hsiao 2016 Jefferson College of Population Health

Literature Review On Hospital Costs For Patients Undergoing Colectomy, Brian P.H. Chen, Scm, Hang Cheng, Martha Romney, Rn, Ms, Jd, Mph, Carine Chia-Wen Hsiao

Jefferson College of Population Health Posters

Objective:

This study aims to identify the range of direct hospital costs associated with a minimally invasive or open colectomy procedure across different countries.

Poster presented at 2016 ISPOR conference in Washington DC.


Literature Review On Hospital Costs For Patients Undergoing Hysterectomy, Brian P.H. Chen, ScM, PharmD, Hang Cheng, Martha Romney, RN, MS, JD, MPH, Carine Chia-Wen Hsiao 2016 Jefferson College of Population Health, Thomas Jefferson University

Literature Review On Hospital Costs For Patients Undergoing Hysterectomy, Brian P.H. Chen, Scm, Pharmd, Hang Cheng, Martha Romney, Rn, Ms, Jd, Mph, Carine Chia-Wen Hsiao

Jefferson College of Population Health Posters

Objective:

This study aims to identify the range of direct hospital costs associated with a minimally invasive or abdonimal hysterectomy procedure across different countries.

Poster presented at 2016 ISPOR conference in Washington DC.


Erosion Of Empathy In Primary Care Trainees, Jacquelyn McRae, PharmD, G. Calusi, Mengdan Liu, V. Scognamiglio, E. Messina, L. Polenzani, Vittorio Maio, PharmD, MSPH 2016 Jefferson College of Population Health, Thomas Jefferson University

Erosion Of Empathy In Primary Care Trainees, Jacquelyn Mcrae, Pharmd, G. Calusi, Mengdan Liu, V. Scognamiglio, E. Messina, L. Polenzani, Vittorio Maio, Pharmd, Msph

Jefferson College of Population Health Posters

Objective:

To evaluate if empathy among physician residents (trainees) differs dependent on training year and to assess trainees' characteristics associated with higher empathy scores.

Poster presented at 2016 ISPOR conference in Washington DC.


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