Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Health Services Research Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

4271 Full-Text Articles 7639 Authors 597329 Downloads 111 Institutions

All Articles in Health Services Research

Faceted Search

4271 full-text articles. Page 1 of 183.

Identifying Disparities In Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates In Milwaukee-Based Academic And Nonacademic Clinics, Jasmine Wiley, Jonathan J. Blaza, Will Lehmann, Deborah Simpson, Jeffrey A. Stearns, Shelby L. Pischke, Tracy L. Greiten 2017 Department of Family Medicine, Aurora Health Care

Identifying Disparities In Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates In Milwaukee-Based Academic And Nonacademic Clinics, Jasmine Wiley, Jonathan J. Blaza, Will Lehmann, Deborah Simpson, Jeffrey A. Stearns, Shelby L. Pischke, Tracy L. Greiten

Will Lehmann, MD

Background: The Institute for Healthcare Improvement’s Triple Aim focuses on improving the patient’s experience of care, improving population health and reducing the per capita cost of health care. Health care systems and providers continuously seek to improve quality of care through understanding what percentage of their patients are achieving quality-of-care standards for various indicators, including immunizations, tobacco cessation, asthma and cancer screening. As health care moves toward reimbursing for value-based care, deepening our understanding of patient population characteristics within each of these conditions is vital to continuous quality improvement.

Purpose: To determine if there are race/ethnicity/age ...


Identifying Disparities In Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates In Milwaukee-Based Academic And Nonacademic Clinics, Jasmine Wiley, Jonathan J. Blaza, Will Lehmann, Deborah Simpson, Jeffrey A. Stearns, Shelby L. Pischke, Tracy L. Greiten 2017 Department of Family Medicine, Aurora Health Care

Identifying Disparities In Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates In Milwaukee-Based Academic And Nonacademic Clinics, Jasmine Wiley, Jonathan J. Blaza, Will Lehmann, Deborah Simpson, Jeffrey A. Stearns, Shelby L. Pischke, Tracy L. Greiten

Will Lehmann, MD

Background: The Institute for Healthcare Improvement’s Triple Aim focuses on improving the patient’s experience of care, improving population health and reducing the per capita cost of health care. Health care systems and providers continuously seek to improve quality of care through understanding what percentage of their patients are achieving quality-of-care standards for various indicators, including immunizations, tobacco cessation, asthma and cancer screening. As health care moves toward reimbursing for value-based care, deepening our understanding of patient population characteristics within each of these conditions is vital to continuous quality improvement.

Purpose: To determine if there are race/ethnicity/age ...


Identifying Disparities In Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates In Milwaukee-Based Academic And Nonacademic Clinics, Jasmine Wiley, Jonathan J. Blaza, Will Lehmann, Deborah Simpson, Jeffrey A. Stearns, Shelby L. Pischke, Tracy L. Greiten 2017 Department of Family Medicine, Aurora Health Care

Identifying Disparities In Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates In Milwaukee-Based Academic And Nonacademic Clinics, Jasmine Wiley, Jonathan J. Blaza, Will Lehmann, Deborah Simpson, Jeffrey A. Stearns, Shelby L. Pischke, Tracy L. Greiten

Will Lehmann, MD

Background: The Institute for Healthcare Improvement’s Triple Aim focuses on improving the patient’s experience of care, improving population health and reducing the per capita cost of health care. Health care systems and providers continuously seek to improve quality of care through understanding what percentage of their patients are achieving quality-of-care standards for various indicators, including immunizations, tobacco cessation, asthma and cancer screening. As health care moves toward reimbursing for value-based care, deepening our understanding of patient population characteristics within each of these conditions is vital to continuous quality improvement.

Purpose: To determine if there are race/ethnicity/age ...


Building Delivery Systems For Population Health, Glen P. Mays 2017 University of Kentucky

Building Delivery Systems For Population Health, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

This session profiles recent research on the characteristics of communities that achieve success in improving population health, including the structure of multi-organizational networks that support cooperative health initiatives.    


Sustained Use Of Patient Portal Features And Improvements In Diabetes Physiological Measures, Stephanie L. Shimada, Jeroan J. Allison, Amy K. Rosen, Hua Feng, Thomas K. Houston 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Sustained Use Of Patient Portal Features And Improvements In Diabetes Physiological Measures, Stephanie L. Shimada, Jeroan J. Allison, Amy K. Rosen, Hua Feng, Thomas K. Houston

Jeroan J. Allison

BACKGROUND: Personal health records (PHRs) have the potential to improve patient self-management for chronic conditions such as diabetes. However, evidence is mixed as to whether there is an association between PHR use and improved health outcomes.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between sustained use of specific patient portal features (Web-based prescription refill and secure messaging-SM) and physiological measures important for the management of type 2 diabetes.

METHODS: Using a retrospective cohort design, including Veterans with diabetes registered for the My Health e Vet patient portal who had not yet used the Web-based refill or ...


The Alzheimer’S Association Dementia Care Coordination Program: A Process Evaluation, Executive Summary, Nina Silverstein, Frank Porell, Pamela Nadash 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston

The Alzheimer’S Association Dementia Care Coordination Program: A Process Evaluation, Executive Summary, Nina Silverstein, Frank Porell, Pamela Nadash

Nina Silverstein

The Massachusetts/New Hampshire (MA/NH) Chapter of the Alzheimer's Association has long sought ways to systematically increase the number of families who utilize its services and support. According to the Alzheimer’s Association’s 2015 Alzheimer’s Disease Facts and Figures, there are 142,000 individuals living with Alzheimer’s disease in Massachusetts and New Hampshire, and the Alzheimer’s Association estimates that less than 30% of those individuals and their caregivers take advantage of its programs (Alzheimer’s Association, 2015). The MA/NH Chapter recognized that one major barrier to accessing services is a model that relies ...


Evolution In Public Health Systems And Their Contributions To Population Health, Glen P. Mays 2017 University of Kentucky

Evolution In Public Health Systems And Their Contributions To Population Health, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

This session describes new empirical approaches for classifying and comparing public health delivery systems based on their organizational and network characteristics.  Using these classification systems together with quasi-experimental methods for causal inference, we estimate health and economic outcomes that are attributable to improvements in public health delivery systems. Results indicate that strong systems contribute to sizable gains in health status and slower rates of growth in medical costs over time.    


Longitudinal Changes In Neurodevelopmental Outcomes Between 18 And 36 Months In Children With Prenatal Triptan Exposure: Findings From The Norwegian Mother And Child Cohort Study, Mollie E. Wood, Jean A. Frazier, Hedvig M.E. Nordeng, Kate L. Lapane 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Longitudinal Changes In Neurodevelopmental Outcomes Between 18 And 36 Months In Children With Prenatal Triptan Exposure: Findings From The Norwegian Mother And Child Cohort Study, Mollie E. Wood, Jean A. Frazier, Hedvig M.E. Nordeng, Kate L. Lapane

Jean A. Frazier

OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine whether changes in neurodevelopmental outcomes between 18 and 36 months of age were associated with prenatal exposure to triptan medications, a class of 5-HT receptor agonists used in the treatment of migraine. METHOD: Using data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, a prospective birth cohort that includes nearly 40% of all pregnancies in Norway from 1999 to 2008, we identified 50 469 mother-child dyads who met inclusion criteria and were present for at least one follow-up assessment at 18 or 36 months postpartum. Neurodevelopment was assessed using the Child Behaviour Checklist, the ...


Understanding And Using Patient Experience Feedback To Improve Health Care Quality: Systematic Review And Framework Development, Emmanuel Kumah, Felix Osei-Kesse, Cynthia Anaba 2017 Scuola Superiore Sant Anna, Italy

Understanding And Using Patient Experience Feedback To Improve Health Care Quality: Systematic Review And Framework Development, Emmanuel Kumah, Felix Osei-Kesse, Cynthia Anaba

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Patient experience data is increasingly collected worldwide; however, questions persist regarding how it is used to improve health care quality. Synthesizing information from the existing literature, we have developed an empirically based framework to help organizations and managers understand what to do with patient experience feedback to improve health care quality at the organizational level. We identified six post-data collection/analysis activities, which were categorized into three main themes: 1) make sense of the data, 2) communicate and explain the data, and 3) plan for improvement. Our framework suggests that simply executing a survey will not improve performance. It is ...


A Critical Discussion Of Patient Engagement In Research, Andrea Elaine Bombak, Heather M. Hanson 2017 Central Michigan University

A Critical Discussion Of Patient Engagement In Research, Andrea Elaine Bombak, Heather M. Hanson

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Patients are increasingly expected to take a more involved role in research. Funding for some projects now requires incorporating patients’ viewpoints or involvement in research processes. While intended to achieve commendable goals, it is important to critically assess the means used to achieve these aims. Presently, there may be issues of valuing only certain epistemologies, failing to evaluate existing programs and their impacts, marginalizing less “engaged” patients, and promoting only tokenism. These are areas that require exploration and reflection before assuming that patient engagement approaches are sufficient or the only means of incorporating patient perspectives into research.


A Chart Review Of Acute Care Inter-Hospital Transfers From Rural Wv Hospitals, Dilip Nair, Freddie Vaughan, Katherine Bennett 2017 Marshall University

A Chart Review Of Acute Care Inter-Hospital Transfers From Rural Wv Hospitals, Dilip Nair, Freddie Vaughan, Katherine Bennett

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Abstract

Objective: To document the characteristics of acute care patient transfers from rural West Virginia hospitals.

Data Sources/Study Setting: Hospital patient charts in rural West Virginia hospitals

Design: We examined 40 acute care patient transfers from rural West Virginia hospitals for patients’ age, gender, race and primary health insurance, the diagnosis and desired specialty service. We compared patients who were not transferred. For each transfer we collected data on the reason for transfer, the availability of beds of the appropriate acuity level as well as the availability of the relevant specialty at the time of transfer.

Principal Findings: Transferred ...


Approaching Document Review In A Systematic Way, Linda M. Cabral 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Approaching Document Review In A Systematic Way, Linda M. Cabral

Center for Health Policy and Research (CHPR) Publications

Blog post to AEA365, a blog sponsored by the American Evaluation Association (AEA) dedicated to highlighting Hot Tips, Cool Tricks, Rad Resources, and Lessons Learned for evaluators. The American Evaluation Association is an international professional association of evaluators devoted to the application and exploration of program evaluation, personnel evaluation, technology, and many other forms of evaluation. Evaluation involves assessing the strengths and weaknesses of programs, policies, personnel, products, and organizations to improve their effectiveness.


Counting And Computing With Microsoft Excel, Laura A. Sefton 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Counting And Computing With Microsoft Excel, Laura A. Sefton

Center for Health Policy and Research (CHPR) Publications

Blog post to AEA365, a blog sponsored by the American Evaluation Association (AEA) dedicated to highlighting Hot Tips, Cool Tricks, Rad Resources, and Lessons Learned for evaluators. The American Evaluation Association is an international professional association of evaluators devoted to the application and exploration of program evaluation, personnel evaluation, technology, and many other forms of evaluation. Evaluation involves assessing the strengths and weaknesses of programs, policies, personnel, products, and organizations to improve their effectiveness.


Need Vs. Supply Analysis Of The New Haven Public Bus System, Stan Mathis 2017 Yale University

Need Vs. Supply Analysis Of The New Haven Public Bus System, Stan Mathis

Yale Day of Data

ABSTRACT:

The aim of the study was to assess how well the public transportation system of New Haven County was matched to the public transit need using publicly available geospatial datasets from state and federal sources. Geospatial bus stop data was extracted from public State of Connecticut data sets. Census tract geography was extracted from US Census TIGER files while census tract aggregated household vehicle access data was queried from the American Community Survey data access server. A census tract’s Need was defined as percentage of households reporting access to zero vehicles; its supply was defined as the number ...


Breast Cancer Care In California And Ontario: Primary Care Protections Greatest Among The Most Socioeconomically Vulnerable Women Living In The Most Underserved Places, Kevin M. Gorey, Caroline Hamm, Isaac N. Luginaah, Guangyong Zou, Eric J. Holowaty 2017 University of Windsor

Breast Cancer Care In California And Ontario: Primary Care Protections Greatest Among The Most Socioeconomically Vulnerable Women Living In The Most Underserved Places, Kevin M. Gorey, Caroline Hamm, Isaac N. Luginaah, Guangyong Zou, Eric J. Holowaty

Social Work Publications

Background: Better health care among Canada’s socioeconomically vulnerable versus America’s has not been fully explained. We examined the effects of poverty, health insurance and the supply of primary care physicians on breast cancer care. Methods: We analyzed breast cancer data in Ontario (n = 950) and California (n = 6300) between 1996 and 2000 and followed until 2014. We obtained socioeconomic data from censuses, oversampling the poor. We obtained data on the supply of physicians, primary care and specialists. The optimal care criterion was being diagnosed early with node negative disease and received breast conserving surgery followed by adjuvant radiation ...


Emergency Department Utilization: A Qualitative Analysis Of Illinois Medical Home Network Patients., Crystal M. Glover, Yanina A. Purim-Shem-Tov 2017 Rush University Medical Center

Emergency Department Utilization: A Qualitative Analysis Of Illinois Medical Home Network Patients., Crystal M. Glover, Yanina A. Purim-Shem-Tov

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Background

Inappropriate emergency department (ED) use continues to plague healthcare in terms of disease management and costs. In 2012, the State of Illinois implemented Medical Home Network (MHN) where Medicaid recipients were assigned to primary care providers to, in part, reduce overreliance on EDs. However, MHN patients have continued to use EDs.

Objective

The purpose of this study is to provide a qualitative analysis of Medicaid patient-identified barriers to primary care, facilitators of emergency use, and related mental health and psychosocial factors.

Methods

Patients who presented themselves at the ED located at an urban, academic medical center participated in one-time ...


Summary Of Proposed Updates To The National Health Security Preparedness Index For 2015-2016, Glen P. Mays, Michael T. Childress, Pierre Martin Dominique Zephyr, Christopher R. Bollinger, Anna Goodman Hoover 2017 University of Kentucky

Summary Of Proposed Updates To The National Health Security Preparedness Index For 2015-2016, Glen P. Mays, Michael T. Childress, Pierre Martin Dominique Zephyr, Christopher R. Bollinger, Anna Goodman Hoover

Anna G. Hoover

This report describes proposed updates in methodology and measures for the 2015-16 release of the National Health Security Preparedness Index


Visualizing The Diffusion Of Digital Mammography In New York State, Francis P. Boscoe, Xiuling Zhang 2017 University at Albany, State University of New York

Visualizing The Diffusion Of Digital Mammography In New York State, Francis P. Boscoe, Xiuling Zhang

Epidemiology & Biostatistics Faculty Scholarship

Digital mammography saw rapid adoption during the first decade of the 2000s. According to data maintained by the Food and Drug Administration, which regulates mammography machines, fewer than 1 percent of the machines in 2001 were digital. By 2014, this figure had risen to 94%. We were interested in identifying the times and locations where the technology was introduced within the state of New York as a way of illustrating the uneven introduction of this technology. While the diffusion of medical innovation has been well-studied, there have not been many instances where maps or geographic information science methods have been ...


Patient-Centered Medical Home Model Of Care For Non-Elderly Adults With Mental Illness: Preventive Care, Healthcare Quality, Services Utilization, And Cost Analyses, Jennifer Bowdoin 2017 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Patient-Centered Medical Home Model Of Care For Non-Elderly Adults With Mental Illness: Preventive Care, Healthcare Quality, Services Utilization, And Cost Analyses, Jennifer Bowdoin

Doctoral Dissertations May 2014 - current

Background. Patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs) may improve outcomes for non-elderly adults with mental illness while containing the cost of care. However, additional research is needed to assess the association between receipt of care consistent with the PCMH and preventive care, healthcare quality, healthcare services utilization, and healthcare services cost for a nationally representative sample of non-elderly adults with mental illness in the United States. Research is also needed to examine whether non-elderly adults with mental illness receive care consistent with the PCMH.

Methods. A surveillance study was conducted using self-reported data for a nationally representative sample of non-elderly adults participating ...


The Changing Roles Of Community Health Workers, Mary-Beth Malcarney, Patricia Pittman, Leo Quigley, Naomi Seiler, Katie B. Horton 2017 George Washington University

The Changing Roles Of Community Health Workers, Mary-Beth Malcarney, Patricia Pittman, Leo Quigley, Naomi Seiler, Katie B. Horton

Health Workforce Research Center Publications

Community Health Workers (CHWs) have been gaining attention from policymakers because of their unique role in addressing health disparities and socioeconomic drivers of disease, and because of their potential integration into the health care delivery system. To date, there has been limited research specifically describing the variation in CHWs’ roles and relationships, and how that variation relates to management, to financing, to health system integration, and to the competencies CHWs should have in different contexts.

This report provides a snapshot of the varied landscape of CHW programs to better understand how CHWs are integrating with the health system both in ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress