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Race, Age, And Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status In Low Birth Weight Disparities Among Adolescent Mothers: An Intersectional Inquiry, Sheryl L. Coley, Tracy R. Nichols 2017 University of Wisconsin Madison

Race, Age, And Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status In Low Birth Weight Disparities Among Adolescent Mothers: An Intersectional Inquiry, Sheryl L. Coley, Tracy R. Nichols

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Introduction: Few studies examined socioeconomic contributors to racial disparities in low birth weight outcomes between African-American and Caucasian adolescent mothers. This cross-sectional study examined the intersections of maternal racial status, age, and neighborhood socioeconomic status in explaining these disparities in low birth weight outcomes across a statewide sample of adolescent mothers.

Methods: Using data from the North Carolina State Center of Health Statistics for 2010-2011, birth cases for 16,472 adolescents were geocoded by street address and linked to census-tract information from the 2010 United States Census. Multilevel models with interaction terms were used to identify significant associations between maternal ...


Inside The Juvenile Justice System, Megan Phalon 2016 University of San Francisco

Inside The Juvenile Justice System, Megan Phalon

Master's Projects

The United States of America is known for freedom and integrity and being a nation that stands for justice and equality for all. Within the United States there are systems in place to better the people and communities in order to provide safety and order. However, just as any nation, there is a struggle with violent behavior and tendencies among adults and adolescents. Within the last three decades, the United States has created a correctional system that specifically targets adolescents, and that acknowledges the differences between adult and juvenile development and deviant behavior. Within this literature review, academic databases were ...


Doula Support As A Means To Improve Birth Outcomes For Minority Women, Christina Bao Ngoc Thich 2016 University of San Francisco

Doula Support As A Means To Improve Birth Outcomes For Minority Women, Christina Bao Ngoc Thich

Master's Projects

Ethnic minorities such as African Americans, American Indians, Hispanics, Laotions, Hmongs, and Alaskan Natives have higher rates of cesarean delivery, pre-term birth, fetal demise, perinatal laceration, and congenital abnormalities than their white counterparts. Continuous labor support by way of doula care has been recommended for all pregnant women as a means to prevent adverse birth outcomes. Despite this, the population most in need of such support in unable to access doula services due to low socioeconomic status, availability of services, and cultural inaccessibility. This paper focuses on my capstone experience with UCSF and Roots of Labor Birth Collective as we ...


Mapping The Geography Of Child Mortality: A Key Step In Addressing Disparities, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta 2016 Aga Khan University

Mapping The Geography Of Child Mortality: A Key Step In Addressing Disparities, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

No abstract provided.


Assessing Physical Activity And Sedentary Time In The Early Years, Leigh M. Vanderloo 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Assessing Physical Activity And Sedentary Time In The Early Years, Leigh M. Vanderloo

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The overall purpose of this dissertation was to explore young children’s (18 months to 5 years) physical activity and sedentary time. Study 1 assessed the physical activity and sedentary time among a sample of toddlers from London, Canada using two data processing approaches. Study 2 explored the impact of three different early learning environments, and their respective characteristics (e.g., staff behaviours, equipment, sedentary opportunities, etc.), on preschoolers’ activity levels. Study 3 examined differences in two popular accelerometers used to measure young children’s physical activity and sedentary time to better understand measurement discrepancies.

Study 1 revealed that toddlers ...


Association Between Pregnancy Intention And Maternal Characteristics, Outcomes, And Cost Of Care: A Pilot Study, Kristy M. Kelel, Kiley B. Vander Wyst, Danielle M. Greer, Danish Siddiqui 2016 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aurora Sinai Medical Center

Association Between Pregnancy Intention And Maternal Characteristics, Outcomes, And Cost Of Care: A Pilot Study, Kristy M. Kelel, Kiley B. Vander Wyst, Danielle M. Greer, Danish Siddiqui

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: An estimated 51% of pregnancies in the United States are unintended. In Wisconsin, unplanned pregnancies account for 40% of all pregnancies and cost $148 million in public funds. Unintended pregnancy, which creates increased hardship for mothers and threatened well-being of infants, has been recognized as an important health, social and economic problem.

Purpose: To determine the pregnancy intentions of postpartum women and the maternal characteristics, outcomes and costs of care associated with unintended pregnancies at a large urban hospital in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Methods: Postpartum women were surveyed prior to discharge. The 20-item survey included whether or not the woman ...


Home Visiting Programs For Families Of Children Who Are Deaf Or Hard Of Hearing: A Systematic Review, Nannette Nicholson, Patti Martin, Abby Smith, Sheila Thomas, Ahmad A. Alanazi M.Aud. 2016 University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, Arkansas Children's Hospital

Home Visiting Programs For Families Of Children Who Are Deaf Or Hard Of Hearing: A Systematic Review, Nannette Nicholson, Patti Martin, Abby Smith, Sheila Thomas, Ahmad A. Alanazi M.Aud.

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Prelingual hearing loss greatly restricts a child’s language development, hindering his or her behavioral, cognitive and social functioning. Although technology such as hearing aids and cochlear implants are an option for providing access to sound, they fail to teach the child how to listen or attend, how to process language (whether visual or spoken), or how to produce language and communicate. Home visiting is widely recognized as a cost-effective intervention service delivery model. Home visiting programs for promoting language development in children who are diagnosed as deaf or hard of hearing have been in existence for over 50 years ...


Time Trend And Factors Associated With Late Enrollment In Early Intervention Among Children With Permanent Hearing Loss In Louisiana 2008-2013, Tri Tran, Yao Wang, Mary Jo Smith, Brenda Sharp, Terri Ibieta, Jeanette Webb, Wendy Jumonville, Melinda Peat, Susan Berry 2016 Louisiana Office of Public Health

Time Trend And Factors Associated With Late Enrollment In Early Intervention Among Children With Permanent Hearing Loss In Louisiana 2008-2013, Tri Tran, Yao Wang, Mary Jo Smith, Brenda Sharp, Terri Ibieta, Jeanette Webb, Wendy Jumonville, Melinda Peat, Susan Berry

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

This study aimed to identify the time trend of and factors associated with late enrollment in early intervention (EI) services among children with permanent hearing loss (HL) born between 2008 and 2013 in Louisiana. 2008-2013 linked Louisiana Early Hearing Detection and Intervention, birth records, EarlySteps (IDEA, Part C), Parent-Pupil Education Program, and Medicaid data were analyzed. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the trend and associations of mother and child’s demographic and hearing loss characteristics with late EI enrollment. Results of data analyses did not show any trend of late enrollment in EI services from 2008 to 2013 ...


Progress In Standardization Of Reporting And Analysis Of Data From Early Hearing Detection And Intervention (Ehdi) Programs, Suhana Alam, Ashley Satterfield, Xidong Deng, Craig A. Mason 2016 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Progress In Standardization Of Reporting And Analysis Of Data From Early Hearing Detection And Intervention (Ehdi) Programs, Suhana Alam, Ashley Satterfield, Xidong Deng, Craig A. Mason

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Congenital hearing loss affects one to three of every 1,000 live born infants. If left undetected, it may negatively impact children through delayed speech and language development. To help avoid developmental delays and ensure that deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) infants are identified and receiving services as early as possible, complete and accurate data are crucial. Despite substantial progress made over the years, some children are still delayed in identification and/or lost to the early hearing detection and intervention (EHDI) surveillance and tracking systems. Lack of standardization in data reporting contributes to this issue. This article discusses ...


Velamentous Cord: A Dangerous Case Complicated By A Rural Population, Adam Franks, MD, Carolyn Curtis, MD, Shawndra Barker, MD 2016 Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

Velamentous Cord: A Dangerous Case Complicated By A Rural Population, Adam Franks, Md, Carolyn Curtis, Md, Shawndra Barker, Md

Carolyn Curtis

A velamentous cord insertion occurs when the umbilical cord’s Wharton jelly fails to reach the placenta, due to early placental atrophy around the insertion site, leaving a segment of unprotected vessels running through the thin membranes of the amniotic sac. This area of weakness exposes a threat to the well-being of the fetus through acute hemorrhage and both acute and chronic restriction of nutrition. With advances in technology, resolution capabilities of ultrasounds allow for antenatal diagnosis, when previously this was impossible. With this knowledge, considerations for screening and management of this pathology are essential when dealing with a rural ...


Chemical Reactions: Marijuana, Opioids, And Our Families, Denise A. Hines Ph.D, Staci Gruber Ph.D, John F. Kelly Ph.D, Kathleen M. Palm Reed, Hilary Smith Connery M.D., Ph.D. 2016 Clark University

Chemical Reactions: Marijuana, Opioids, And Our Families, Denise A. Hines Ph.D, Staci Gruber Ph.D, John F. Kelly Ph.D, Kathleen M. Palm Reed, Hilary Smith Connery M.D., Ph.D.

Mosakowski Institute for Public Enterprise

Chemical Reactions: Marijuana, Opioids, and Our Families is the seventh Massachusetts Family Impact Seminar. This seminar was designed to emphasize a family perspective in policymaking on issues related to the legalization of marijuana and managing the opioid abuse crisis in the Commonwealth. In general, Family Impact Seminars analyze the consequences an issue, policy, or program may have for families.


Community Conversation Guide: How Can Our Community Support The Breastfeeding Experience In Brookings Businesses, Becky Kuehl, Jenn Anderson, Sara A. Mehltretter Drury, Charlotte Bachman, Marilyn Hildreth, Jamison Lamp, Mary Schwaegerl, Lois Tschetter, Julia Yoder 2016 South Dakota State University

Community Conversation Guide: How Can Our Community Support The Breastfeeding Experience In Brookings Businesses, Becky Kuehl, Jenn Anderson, Sara A. Mehltretter Drury, Charlotte Bachman, Marilyn Hildreth, Jamison Lamp, Mary Schwaegerl, Lois Tschetter, Julia Yoder

Jenn Anderson

This forum is an opportunity for our community to come together and consider breastfeeding and support for our mothers and children with fresh eyes, fresh ideas, and a fresh conversation. Our conversation today will consider different approaches for increasing breastfeeding support in local businesses.
This guide introduces the issue, explains concerns with the breastfeeding experience in Brookings businesses, and presents three approaches to improving support. These approaches are not the only possible responses to the issue. Instead, they represent different ways that our community can take action based on our priorities.


Report On The Community Conversation On Breastfeeding In Brookings Businesses, Sara A. Mehltretter Drury, Rebecca A. Kuehl, Jenn Anderson 2016 Wabash College

Report On The Community Conversation On Breastfeeding In Brookings Businesses, Sara A. Mehltretter Drury, Rebecca A. Kuehl, Jenn Anderson

Jenn Anderson

The Brookings Supports Breastfeeding (BSB) team hosted a Community Conversation on Breast feeding in Brookings Businesses, a public deliberation event on November 1, 2014. The deliberation focused on the question, “How can our community support the breastfeeding experience in Brookings businesses?” The event was held from 10am-2pm at the McCrory Gardens Education &Visitor Center in Brookings, SD.

Background

The BSB project is a community effort to promote dialogue and deliberation about supporting breastfeeding in Brookings businesses. It is funded through a Community Innovation grant from the Bush Foundation, and is a partnership between South Dakota State University (SDSU), the Brookings Area Chamber of Commerce, Brookings Health System, community breastfeeding advocates, and a public deliberation expert from Wabash College (IN).

Focus Groups

To prepare for the event, the BSB team conducted 6focusgroups:3with breastfeeding mothers and 3 with business representatives. From the focus groups, the team learned that: 1) support for breastfeeding in Brookings is growing, 2) some businesses already provide breast feeding support, and 3) breastfeeding support in Brookings can be improved. Based on these findings, the BSB team created a deliberation guide for the Community Conversation event. The guide and event focused on 3different approaches to improving breastfeeding support in Brookings businesses.

Event

On November 1, 2014, more than 70 community members attended the Community Conversation. At 10 tables, community members participated in directed discussions led by trained facilitators (community members and SDSU students). At each table, facilitators and note takers recorded key aspects of the conversation; the conversations were also audio recorded. Each participant had a copy of the Community Conversation guide and was encouraged to complete pre-and post-event surveys.

Report

This report presents a summary of the conversations and the preferred actions generated by participants at the event; it is not a portrayal ...


Book Review, Ann Marie Wheatcraft 2016 University of New Hampshire

Book Review, Ann Marie Wheatcraft

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Review of: ROBERT H. BLANK, MOTHER AND FETUS: CHANGING NOTIONS OF MATERNAL RESPONSIBILITY. (Greenwood Press 1992) [207 pp.], Appendix, bibliography, figures, index, preface, tables. LC-91- 38029; ISBN 0-313-27639-0. [$45.00 cloth. 88 Post Road West, Box 5007, Westport CT 06881.]


Women’S Experiences With Prenatal Care: A Mixed-Methods Study Exploring The Influence Of The Social Determinants Of Health, Karen A. D'Angelo, Janelle K. Bryan, Brenda Kurz 2016 University of Illinois at Chicago Jane Addams College of Social Work

Women’S Experiences With Prenatal Care: A Mixed-Methods Study Exploring The Influence Of The Social Determinants Of Health, Karen A. D'Angelo, Janelle K. Bryan, Brenda Kurz

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Background & Purpose: Racial and ethnic disparities pervade birth outcomes in the United States and the state of Connecticut. While Connecticut’s infant mortality rate is less than the national average, rates for the state’s Black/African American and Hispanic/Latino communities exceed it. This study explored how prenatal care in Connecticut may be enhanced to address these disparities.

Methods: In spring 2013, seven focus groups and two semi-structured interviews were conducted (n=47). Participants also self-administered brief surveys. Recruited by local service providers, participants were 18 or older, pregnant and/or in the first year post-partum at the time ...


Visualizing Complex Adaptive Systems: A Case Study Of The Missouri Maternal, Infant, And Early Childhood Home Visiting Program, Julie M. Kapp, Sara Schlemper, Riyad Haq, Sofia Campos Vidal Pires, Eduardo J. Simoes 2016 University of Missouri School of Medicine

Visualizing Complex Adaptive Systems: A Case Study Of The Missouri Maternal, Infant, And Early Childhood Home Visiting Program, Julie M. Kapp, Sara Schlemper, Riyad Haq, Sofia Campos Vidal Pires, Eduardo J. Simoes

Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research

Background: The Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) program was created by the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. MIECHV provides comprehensive services to at-risk families through evidence-based home visiting programs.

Purpose: The following question is addressed: Does the Missouri MIECHV system meet the definition of a complex adaptive system (CAS)?

Methods: A systematic review was conducted of documents related to MIECHV programs (federal, state, and local levels), and to affiliated programs with a home visiting and early childhood (aged birth to 5 years) scope. The organizations’ fit was identified for the scope of early childhood home ...


Therapeutic Listening® - Quickshifts Support For Pediatric Intervention, Bryant Luong, Ann Malloy, Shannon Preto 2016 Dominican University of California

Therapeutic Listening® - Quickshifts Support For Pediatric Intervention, Bryant Luong, Ann Malloy, Shannon Preto

Student Research Posters

Few empirical studies have been conducted to provide evidence for the effectiveness of Therapeutic Listening - Quickshifts (TL-Q). Anecdotally, TL-Q has produced consistent positive results for therapists and clients as a pediatric intervention. Therefore, it is imperative to research TL-Q’s efficacy, which may lead to its broader implementation. In this study, the researchers examined the effectiveness of TL-Q intervention for children with sensory processing difficulties to improve participation and function in 1) school performance, (2) self-regulation and arousal, (3) activities of daily living (ADLs), (4) social/emotional skills, and (5) sensorimotor skills. Over the course of an 8 week prospective ...


External Validation Of The Dhaka Score And Comparison With The Current Imci Algorithm For The Assessment Of Dehydration In Children With Diarrhoea: A Prospective Cohort Study, Adam C. Levine, Justin Glavis-Bloom, Payal Modi, Sabiha Nasrin, Bita Atika, Soham Rege, Sarah Robertson, Christopher H. Schmid, Nur H. Alam 2016 Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University

External Validation Of The Dhaka Score And Comparison With The Current Imci Algorithm For The Assessment Of Dehydration In Children With Diarrhoea: A Prospective Cohort Study, Adam C. Levine, Justin Glavis-Bloom, Payal Modi, Sabiha Nasrin, Bita Atika, Soham Rege, Sarah Robertson, Christopher H. Schmid, Nur H. Alam

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Dehydration due to diarrhoea is a leading cause of child death worldwide, yet no clinical tools for assessing dehydration have been validated in resource-limited settings. The Dehydration: Assessing Kids Accurately (DHAKA) score was derived for assessing dehydration in children with diarrhoea in a low-income country setting. In this study, we aimed to externally validate the DHAKA score in a new population of children and compare its accuracy and reliability to the current Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) algorithm.

METHODS: DHAKA was a prospective cohort study done in children younger than 60 months presenting to the International Centre for ...


Zika Virus And Global Health Security, Lawrence O. Gostin, James G. Hodge Jr. 2016 Georgetown University Law Center

Zika Virus And Global Health Security, Lawrence O. Gostin, James G. Hodge Jr.

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Americans are largely apathetic about the risks of Zika virus and Congress cannot agree on preparedness funding. Strategies to counter the spread of Zika by the World Health Organisation (WHO) grossly underestimate the disease’s impact. WHO and member countries lack sufficient resources to respond. Consequences of fiscal apathy can be measured in lives lost and long-term disabilities. Zika prevention is a matter of global health security.

The epidemiologic brunt of Zika in South America falls largely on vulnerable women at heightened risk of exposure through mosquitoes and sexual transmission. Resulting transmission to fetuses and infants will have generational impacts ...


Waiting 2 Minutes After Sucrose Administration—Unnecessary?, Naomi Meesters, Sinno Simons, Joost van Rosmalen, Irwin Reiss, John van den Anker, Monique van Dijk 2016 George Washington University

Waiting 2 Minutes After Sucrose Administration—Unnecessary?, Naomi Meesters, Sinno Simons, Joost Van Rosmalen, Irwin Reiss, John Van Den Anker, Monique Van Dijk

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Background Worldwide, oral sucrose is standard of care in many neonatal intensive care units to relieve procedural pain in neonates. This study aims to determine if time interval between sucrose administration and heelstick correlates with pain scores.

Methods Neonates were prospectively studied with variable time intervals and assessed with the Premature Infant Pain Profile-Revised (PIPP-R).

Results 150 neonates were included with a median gestational age of 30+6 (IQR 27+6–33+2) weeks and a median time interval of 72 (IQR 39–115) seconds between sucrose administration and heelstick. In multiple regression analysis, this time interval was not significantly ...


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