Barriers To Maternal Retention In Hiv Care In Ghana: Key Differences During Pregnancy And The Postpartum Period., 2020 Children's Mercy Hospital
Barriers To Maternal Retention In Hiv Care In Ghana: Key Differences During Pregnancy And The Postpartum Period., Kwame S. Sakyi, Margaret Y. Lartey, Caitlin E. Kennedy, Julie A. Dension, Luke C. Mullany, Prince G. Owusu, Emma Sacks, Emily A. Hurley, Pamela J. Surkan
Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers
BACKGROUND: Maternal retention in HIV care is lower for women in the postpartum period than during pregnancy, but the reasons are poorly understood. We examined key differences in barriers to retention in HIV care during and after pregnancy.
METHODS: We conducted semi-structured, in-depth interviews with 30 postpartum women living with HIV. Participants were recruited from two tertiary facilities implementing Option B+ for prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission in Accra, Ghana. We collected data from mothers who had disengaged from HIV care and those who were still engaged in care. The interviews were analyzed using principles adapted from grounded theory.
Impact Of Parity On Gait Biomechanics, 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst
Impact Of Parity On Gait Biomechanics, Bekah P. Stein
IMPACT OF PARITY ON GAIT BIOMCECHANICS
BEKAH P. STEIN, B.A., UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS AMHERST
M.A., UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS AMHERST
Directed by: Professor Katherine A. Boyer
Background: Symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) is an incurable condition that affects nearly 50% of adults, and women are twice as likely as men to develop OA. Throughout pregnancy, women experience large changes in morphology and gait mechanics, as well as changes in joint loading. It is possible these adaptations could cause lasting changes postpartum, which may potentially contribute to initiation of OA, thereby increasing the overall risk of OA for women ...
Effect And Feasibility Of District Level Scale Up Of Maternal, Newborn And Child Health Interventions In Pakistan: A Quasi-Experimental Study, Zahid Memon, Shah Muhammad, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Nimra Khan, Nadia Akseer, Atif Habib, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta
Woman and Child Health
Introduction: Pakistan has a high burden of maternal, newborn and child morbidity and mortality. Several factors including weak scale-up of evidence-based interventions within the existing health system; lack of community awareness regarding health conditions; and poverty contribute to poor outcomes. Deaths and morbidity are largely preventable if a combination of community and facility-based interventions are rolled out at scale.
Methods and analysis: Umeed-e-Nau (UeN) (New Hope) project aims is to improve maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) in eight high-burden districts of Pakistan by scaling up of evidence-based interventions. The project will assess interventions focused on, first, improving the quality ...
What Do Children Need From Playwork In The Time Of Covid-19? A Reflection On Playwork Practice In A Pandemic., Freya H. Howard
International Journal of Playwork Practice
This article explores the child’s need for play especially at the time of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in terms of the child’s welfare and rights, playfulness and their wellbeing. It reflects on previously learnt lessons with regards to virus outbreaks and the production of activity packs as a means of playwork in the pandemic context.
Food Supplements To Reduce Stunting In Pakistan: A Process Evaluation Of Community Dynamics Shaping Uptake, Shehla Zaidi, Jai K. Das, Gul Nawaz Khan, Rabia Najmi Taha, Mashal Murad Shah, Sajid Bashir Soofi
Community Health Sciences
Background: There is an increasing interest in use of food supplements to prevent childhood stunting, however the evidence on the process indicators is scarce. We in this study explore the barriers to the effective implementation of food supplementation programs and the possible mitigation strategies which can guide the design of future programs.
Methods: We undertook a process evaluation of a stunting prevention food supplementation pilot program in rural Pakistan that distributed Wheat Soy Blend (WSB) to pregnant & lactating women, and Lipid-based Nutrient Supplement (LNS) and micronutrient powder (MNP) to < 5 years children. We used a mixed methods approach through a quantitative survey of 800 households and conducted 18 focused group discussion (FGDs) (with male and female caregivers), 4 FGDs (with Community Health Workers (CHWs)) and 22 key informant interviews (with district stakeholders) to evaluate the community side factors affecting uptake through five parameters: value, acceptability, receipt of supplement, usage and correct dosage.
Results: The findings show that proportionately few beneficiaries consumed the full ...
Strengthening The Evidence Base For Telehealth For Abortion Service Delivery, 2020 Maine Medical Center
Strengthening The Evidence Base For Telehealth For Abortion Service Delivery, Nadi Kaonga
Journal of Maine Medical Center
Telehealth – which is the use of information and communication technology to provide clinical services to patients remotely – provides an opportunity to extend safe abortion services to women. A recent review article on telehealth for abortion service delivery found it to be acceptable, feasible and safe when compared to in-person service delivery. Despite the promising findings, the evidence base can and should be strengthened to optimize the impact of such services for women. Areas for improvement include evaluating the efficacy and effectiveness of telehealth implementations in more remote settings and with women across variable levels of technoliteracy, conducting cost-effectiveness analyses and ...
Delivering Water, Sanitation And Hygiene Interventions To Women And Children In Conflict Settings: A Systematic Review, 2020 Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Delivering Water, Sanitation And Hygiene Interventions To Women And Children In Conflict Settings: A Systematic Review, Daina Als, Sarah Meteke, Marianne Stefopulos, Michelle F. Gaffey, Mahdis Kamali, Mariella Munyuzangabo, Shailja Shah, Reena P. Jain, Amruta Radhakrishnan, Fahad J. Siddiqui, Anushka Ataullahjan, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta
Woman and Child Health
Background: Access to safe water and sanitation facilities and the adoption of effective hygiene practices are fundamental to reducing maternal and child morbidity and mortality globally. In armed conflict settings, inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) infrastructure poses major health risks for women and children. This review aimed to synthesise the existing information on WASH interventions being delivered to women and children in conflict settings in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) and to identify the personnel, sites and platforms being used to deliver such interventions.
Methods: We conducted a systematic search for publications indexed in four databases, and grey literature ...
Pregnancy In Peril: The Impact Of Conflict On Antenatal Care And Skilled Birth Attendant Utilization In The Democratic Republic Of The Congo And Burundi, 2020 The University of Western Ontario
Pregnancy In Peril: The Impact Of Conflict On Antenatal Care And Skilled Birth Attendant Utilization In The Democratic Republic Of The Congo And Burundi, Bianca R. Ziegler
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
As of 2019, over two billion people globally reside in conflict-affected areas, and as a result, face negative health implications. Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are among those countries classified as fragile and conflict-affected situations, resulting in disproportionally high maternal mortality rates. Grounded in Andersen’s Model of Healthcare Utilization, this thesis employed multivariate binary logistic regressions to examine factors which influence antenatal care and skilled birth attendant usage in these two countries. Findings indicate that women living in high conflict regions were significantly less likely than those in low conflict regions to have their first antenatal ...
Use Of Mobile Health In Infant And Young Child Nutrition: A Formative Study In Rural Maharashtra, 2020 Lata Medical Research Foundation,Nagpur
Use Of Mobile Health In Infant And Young Child Nutrition: A Formative Study In Rural Maharashtra, Samreen Sadaf Khan Dr., Archana Patel Dr., Amrita Puranik Ms., Priyanka Kuhite Dr., Yamini Pusdekar Dr., Michael J. Dibley Dr., Ashraful Alam Dr.
The Qualitative Report
Undernutrition is a major public health problem for under 5 years of age children in India. Approximately 41% and 21% of under 5 years of age children are stunted and wasted respectively. Despite the known importance of age appropriate infant and young child feeding practices for child nutrition, the rates of these practices remain poor in India. The major determinants for inappropriate IYCF practices are beliefs and knowledge of parents and caregivers. These can be effectively addressed through counselling by mobile Health technology as mobile phones are widely available and have a high penetration across the country. This formative research ...
Impact Of Conflict On Maternal And Child Health Service Delivery: A Country Case Study Of Afghanistan, 2020 Aga Khan Health Service, Kabul, Afghanistan
Impact Of Conflict On Maternal And Child Health Service Delivery: A Country Case Study Of Afghanistan, Mohammed Shafiq Mirzazada, Zahra Ali Padhani, Sultana Jabeen, Malika Fatima, Arjumand Rizvi, Uzair Ansari, Jai K. Das, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta
Woman and Child Health
Introduction: Since decades, the health system of Afghanistan has been in disarray due to ongoing conflict. We aimed to explore the direct effects of conflict on provision of reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health and nutrition (RMNCAH&N) services and describe the contextual factors influencing these services.
Method: We conducted a quantitative analysis of secondary data on RMNCAH&N indicators and undertook a supportive qualitative study to help understand processes and contextual factors. For quantitative analysis, we stratified the various provinces of Afghanistan into minimal-, moderate- and severe conflict categories based on battle-related deaths from Uppsala Conflict Data Program ...
Prelacteal Feeding Practices In Pakistan: A Mixed-Methods Study, 2020 Aga Khan University
Prelacteal Feeding Practices In Pakistan: A Mixed-Methods Study, Muhammad Asim, Zarak Husain Ahmed, Mark D. Hayward, Elizabeth M. Widen
Community Health Sciences
Background: Prelacteal feeding, the feeding a newborn substances or liquids before breastfeeding, is a common cultural practice in Pakistan, but is associated with neonatal morbidity and mortality because it delays early initiation of breastfeeding. In this study, we sought to examine the social and cultural factors associated with prelacteal feeding in Pakistan.
Methods: This mixed-method study used data from the Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (PDHS) 2012-13. Findings from the survey were complemented by qualitative interviews with mothers and healthcare providers. In a subset of PDHS dyads (n = 1361) with children (0-23 months), descriptive statistics and bivariate and multivariable logistic ...
Intergrowth-21st Project International Inter-Nda Standards For Child Development At 2 Years Of Age: An International Prospective Population-Based Study, 2020 University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.
Intergrowth-21st Project International Inter-Nda Standards For Child Development At 2 Years Of Age: An International Prospective Population-Based Study, Michelle Fernandes, José Villar, Alan Stein, Eleonora Staines Urias, Cutberto Garza, Cesar G. Victora, Fernando C. Barros, Enrico Bertino, Manorama Purwar, Maria Carvalho, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta
Woman and Child Health
Objectives: To describe the construction of the international INTERGROWTH-21st Neurodevelopment Assessment (INTER-NDA) standards for child development at 2 years by reporting the cognitive, language, motor and behaviour outcomes in optimally healthy and nourished children in the INTERGROWTH-21st Project.
Design: Population-based cohort study, the INTERGROWTH-21st Project.
Setting: Brazil, India, Italy, Kenya and the UK.
Participants: 1181 children prospectively recruited from early fetal life according to the prescriptive WHO approach, and confirmed to be at low risk of adverse perinatal and postnatal outcomes.
Primary measures: Scaled INTER-NDA domain scores for cognition, language, fine and gross motor skills and behaviour; vision outcomes measured ...
Teachers’ Perceptions And Understanding Of Children’S Fluid Intake, 2020 Canterbury Christ Church University
Teachers’ Perceptions And Understanding Of Children’S Fluid Intake, Kristy Howells, Tara Coppinger
Dept. of Sports, Leisure & Early Childhood Studies Publications
No public health data exists on elementary teachers’ perceptions of both their own fluid intake and of their elementary school aged children’s fluid intake. A total of 271 (20 males, 251 females) teachers in developed areas of Australia, Belgium, England, Ireland, United Arab Emirates, and the United States of America completed an online questionnaire (Feb–Mar 2019) on: (i) their fluid intake, (ii) their perception and understanding of children’s fluid intake and (iii) barriers in the school day that they felt prevented school children consuming fluids. Overall, the data indicated that teachers consume considerably lower amounts than recommended ...
Speaking Volumes: The Failure Of American Courts To Address The Underlying Themes Of Silence And Patriarchy Within The Civil Order Of Protection Process In Davenport, Iowa, Catherine Priebe
Sociology: Student Scholarship & Creative Works
Domestic abuse is a pervasive issue within the United States. Approximately three women will be murdered by an intimate partner every day and around half of all women will experience psychological abuse by an intimate partner in their lifetime. As such, it is important to have legal avenues that survivors can pursue in order to ensure safety for themselves and their children. There are many obstacles to obtaining a civil order of protection despite it being the most common legal option survivors choose to pursue. Survivors must take on the burden of proof and hire their own attorney if they ...
Experiences And Satisfaction Of High-Risk Mothers Who Gave Birth In Select Facilities In Legazpi City, Philippines, 2020 Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health
Experiences And Satisfaction Of High-Risk Mothers Who Gave Birth In Select Facilities In Legazpi City, Philippines, Maria Stephanie Fay S. Cagayan, Veincent Christian F. Pepito, Rita Mae Ang-Bon, Erlidia F. Llamas-Clark
Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health Faculty Publications
Among the interventions implemented to curb maternal mortality in the Philippines, service delivery networks (SDNs) have been one of the most important. However, due to their recent implementation, frameworks to assess the quality of care they provide have not yet been established. To address this need, we had formulated the Integrated Patient-Centered Health Service Framework and used it to explore the satisfaction of mothers who gave birth in select facilities Legazpi City Philippines. We conducted key-informant interviews with 14 mothers. We found out that they were satisfied with the quality of care during pre-pregnancy, pregnancy, and post-partum; however, the quality ...
Understanding The Factors Affecting The Humanitarian Health And Nutrition Response For Women And Children In Somalia Since 2000: A Case Study, 2020 Somali Disaster Resilience Institute, Mogadishu, Somali
Understanding The Factors Affecting The Humanitarian Health And Nutrition Response For Women And Children In Somalia Since 2000: A Case Study, Zahra Ahmed, Anushka Ataullahjan, Michelle F. Gaffey, Mohamed Osman, Chantal Umutoni, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Abdirisak A. Dalmar
Woman and Child Health
Background: Somalia has been ravaged by more than two decades of armed conflict causing immense damage to the country's infrastructure and mass displacement and suffering among its people. An influx of humanitarian actors has sought to provide basic services, including health services for women and children, throughout the conflict. This study aimed to better understand the humanitarian health response for women and children in Somalia since 2000.
Methods: The study utilized a mixed-methods design. We collated intervention coverage data from publically available large-scale household surveys and we conducted 32 interviews with representatives from government, UN agencies, NGOs, and health ...
Impact Of Conflict On Maternal And Child Health Service Delivery - How And How Not: A Country Case Study Of Conflict Affected Areas Of Pakistan, Jai K. Das, Zahra Ali Padhani, Sultana Jabeen, Arjumand Rizvi, Uzair Ansari, Malika Fatima, Ghulam Akbar, Wardah Ahmed, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta
Woman and Child Health
Introduction: In conflict affected countries, healthcare delivery remains a huge concern. Pakistan is one country engulfed with conflict spanning various areas and time spans. We aimed to explore the effect of conflict on provision of reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health and nutrition (RMNCAH&N) services and describe the contextual factors influencing the prioritization and implementation in conflict affected areas of Pakistan (Balochistan and FATA).
Method: We conducted a secondary quantitative and a primary qualitative analysis. For the quantitative analysis, we stratified the various districts/agencies of Balochistan and FATA into the conflict categories of minimal-, moderate- and severe ...
Investigating The Delivery Of Health And Nutrition Interventions For Women And Children In Conflict Settings: A Collection Of Case Studies From The Branch Consortium, 2020 Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada
Investigating The Delivery Of Health And Nutrition Interventions For Women And Children In Conflict Settings: A Collection Of Case Studies From The Branch Consortium, Anushka Ataullahjan, Michelle F. Gaffey, Samira Sami, Neha S. Singh, Hannah Tappis, Robert E. Black, Karl Blanchet, Ties Boerma, Ana Langer, Paul B. Spiegel, Ronald J. Waldman, Paul H. Wise, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta
Woman and Child Health
Globally, the number of people affected by conflict is the highest in history, and continues to steadily increase. There is currently a pressing need to better understand how to deliver critical health interventions to women and children affected by conflict. The compendium of articles presented in this Conflict and Health Collection brings together a range of case studies recently undertaken by the BRANCH Consortium (Bridging Research & Action in Conflict Settings for the Health of Women and Children). These case studies describe how humanitarian actors navigate and negotiate the multiple obstacles and forces that challenge the delivery of health and nutrition ...
C'Est Vraiment Compliqué: A Case Study On The Delivery Of Maternal And Child Health And Nutrition Interventions In The Conflict-Affected Regions Of Mali, 2020 Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada
C'Est Vraiment Compliqué: A Case Study On The Delivery Of Maternal And Child Health And Nutrition Interventions In The Conflict-Affected Regions Of Mali, Anushka Ataullahjan, Michelle F. Gaffey, Moctar Tounkara, Samba Diarra, Seydou Doumbia, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Diego G. Bassani
Woman and Child Health
Background: Mali is currently in the midst of ongoing conflicts which involve jihadist groups, rebels, and the state. This conflict has primarily centered in the North of the country. Humanitarian actors delivering services in these geographies must navigate the complex environment created by conflict. This study aimed to understand how humanitarian actors make decisions around health service delivery within this context.
Methods: The current case-study utilized a mixed methods approach and focused on Mopti, Mali's fifth administrative region and fourth largest in population. Latent content analysis was used to analyze interview transcripts guided by our research objectives and new ...
Substantial And Sustained Reduction In Under-5 Mortality, Diarrhea, And Pneumonia In Oshikhandass, Pakistan: Evidence From Two Longitudinal Cohort Studies 15 Years Apart, 2020 National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, USA.
Substantial And Sustained Reduction In Under-5 Mortality, Diarrhea, And Pneumonia In Oshikhandass, Pakistan: Evidence From Two Longitudinal Cohort Studies 15 Years Apart, C L. Hansen, B J J. Mccormick, Iqbal Azam Syed, K Ahmed, J M. Baker, E Hussain, A Jahan, A F. Jamison, N Samji, Oshikhandass Diarrhea And Pneumonia Project, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Ahmed Jan
Community Health Sciences
Background: Oshikhandass is a rural village in northern Pakistan where a 1989-1991 verbal autopsy study showed that diarrhea and pneumonia were the top causes of under-5 mortality. Intensive surveillance, active community health education and child health interventions were delivered in 1989-1996; here we assess improvements in under-5 mortality, diarrhea, and pneumonia over this period and 15 years later.
Methods: Two prospective open-cohort studies in Oshikhandass from 1989 to 1996 (Study 1) and 2011-2014 (Study 2) enrolled all children under age 60 months. Study staff trained using WHO guidelines, conducted weekly household surveillance and promoted knowledge on causes and management of ...