Inside The Juvenile Justice System, 2016 University of San Francisco
Inside The Juvenile Justice System, Megan Phalon
The United States of America is known for freedom and integrity and being a nation that stands for justice and equality for all. Within the United States there are systems in place to better the people and communities in order to provide safety and order. However, just as any nation, there is a struggle with violent behavior and tendencies among adults and adolescents. Within the last three decades, the United States has created a correctional system that specifically targets adolescents, and that acknowledges the differences between adult and juvenile development and deviant behavior. Within this literature review, academic databases were ...
Community Conversation Guide: How Can Our Community Support The Breastfeeding Experience In Brookings Businesses, 2016 South Dakota State University
Community Conversation Guide: How Can Our Community Support The Breastfeeding Experience In Brookings Businesses, Becky Kuehl, Jenn Anderson, Sara A. Mehltretter Drury, Charlotte Bachman, Marilyn Hildreth, Jamison Lamp, Mary Schwaegerl, Lois Tschetter, Julia Yoder
This forum is an opportunity for our community to come together and consider breastfeeding and support for our mothers and children with fresh eyes, fresh ideas, and a fresh conversation. Our conversation today will consider different approaches for increasing breastfeeding support in local businesses.
This guide introduces the issue, explains concerns with the breastfeeding experience in Brookings businesses, and presents three approaches to improving support. These approaches are not the only possible responses to the issue. Instead, they represent different ways that our community can take action based on our priorities.
Report On The Community Conversation On Breastfeeding In Brookings Businesses, 2016 Wabash College
Report On The Community Conversation On Breastfeeding In Brookings Businesses, Sara A. Mehltretter Drury, Rebecca A. Kuehl, Jenn Anderson
The Brookings Supports Breastfeeding (BSB) team hosted a Community Conversation on Breast feeding in Brookings Businesses, a public deliberation event on November 1, 2014. The deliberation focused on the question, “How can our community support the breastfeeding experience in Brookings businesses?” The event was held from 10am-2pm at the McCrory Gardens Education &Visitor Center in Brookings, SD.
The BSB project is a community effort to promote dialogue and deliberation about supporting breastfeeding in Brookings businesses. It is funded through a Community Innovation grant from the Bush Foundation, and is a partnership between South Dakota State University (SDSU), the Brookings Area Chamber of Commerce, Brookings Health System, community breastfeeding advocates, and a public deliberation expert from Wabash College (IN).
To prepare for the event, the BSB team conducted 6focusgroups:3with breastfeeding mothers and 3 with business representatives. From the focus groups, the team learned that: 1) support for breastfeeding in Brookings is growing, 2) some businesses already provide breast feeding support, and 3) breastfeeding support in Brookings can be improved. Based on these findings, the BSB team created a deliberation guide for the Community Conversation event. The guide and event focused on 3different approaches to improving breastfeeding support in Brookings businesses.
On November 1, 2014, more than 70 community members attended the Community Conversation. At 10 tables, community members participated in directed discussions led by trained facilitators (community members and SDSU students). At each table, facilitators and note takers recorded key aspects of the conversation; the conversations were also audio recorded. Each participant had a copy of the Community Conversation guide and was encouraged to complete pre-and post-event surveys.
This report presents a summary of the conversations and the preferred actions generated by participants at the event; it is not a portrayal ...
Book Review, 2016 University of New Hampshire
Book Review, Ann Marie Wheatcraft
RISK: Health, Safety & Environment
Review of: ROBERT H. BLANK, MOTHER AND FETUS: CHANGING NOTIONS OF MATERNAL RESPONSIBILITY. (Greenwood Press 1992) [207 pp.], Appendix, bibliography, figures, index, preface, tables. LC-91- 38029; ISBN 0-313-27639-0. [$45.00 cloth. 88 Post Road West, Box 5007, Westport CT 06881.]
Women’S Experiences With Prenatal Care: A Mixed-Methods Study Exploring The Influence Of The Social Determinants Of Health, 2016 University of Illinois at Chicago Jane Addams College of Social Work
Women’S Experiences With Prenatal Care: A Mixed-Methods Study Exploring The Influence Of The Social Determinants Of Health, Karen A. D'Angelo, Janelle K. Bryan, Brenda Kurz
Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Background & Purpose: Racial and ethnic disparities pervade birth outcomes in the United States and the state of Connecticut. While Connecticut’s infant mortality rate is less than the national average, rates for the state’s Black/African American and Hispanic/Latino communities exceed it. This study explored how prenatal care in Connecticut may be enhanced to address these disparities.
Methods: In spring 2013, seven focus groups and two semi-structured interviews were conducted (n=47). Participants also self-administered brief surveys. Recruited by local service providers, participants were 18 or older, pregnant and/or in the first year post-partum at the time ...
Visualizing Complex Adaptive Systems: A Case Study Of The Missouri Maternal, Infant, And Early Childhood Home Visiting Program, 2016 University of Missouri School of Medicine
Visualizing Complex Adaptive Systems: A Case Study Of The Missouri Maternal, Infant, And Early Childhood Home Visiting Program, Julie M. Kapp, Sara Schlemper, Riyad Haq, Sofia Campos Vidal Pires, Eduardo J. Simoes
Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research
Background: The Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) program was created by the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. MIECHV provides comprehensive services to at-risk families through evidence-based home visiting programs.
Purpose: The following question is addressed: Does the Missouri MIECHV system meet the definition of a complex adaptive system (CAS)?
Methods: A systematic review was conducted of documents related to MIECHV programs (federal, state, and local levels), and to affiliated programs with a home visiting and early childhood (aged birth to 5 years) scope. The organizations’ fit was identified for the scope of early childhood home ...
Zika Virus And Global Health Security, 2016 Georgetown University Law Center
Zika Virus And Global Health Security, Lawrence O. Gostin, James G. Hodge Jr.
Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works
Americans are largely apathetic about the risks of Zika virus and Congress cannot agree on preparedness funding. Strategies to counter the spread of Zika by the World Health Organisation (WHO) grossly underestimate the disease’s impact. WHO and member countries lack sufficient resources to respond. Consequences of fiscal apathy can be measured in lives lost and long-term disabilities. Zika prevention is a matter of global health security.
The epidemiologic brunt of Zika in South America falls largely on vulnerable women at heightened risk of exposure through mosquitoes and sexual transmission. Resulting transmission to fetuses and infants will have generational impacts ...
Food Justice Youth Development: Using Photovoice To Study Urban School Food Systems, 2016 University of Massachusetts - Amherst
Food Justice Youth Development: Using Photovoice To Study Urban School Food Systems, Krista Harper, Catherine Sands, Diego Angarita, Molly Totman, Monica Maitin, Jonell Sostre Rosado, Jazmin Colon, Nick Alger
Krista M. Harper
Perceptions Of Fidelity And Adaptation In Evidence-Informed Interventions By Women Of Color Sexuality Health Educators, 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Perceptions Of Fidelity And Adaptation In Evidence-Informed Interventions By Women Of Color Sexuality Health Educators, Sara C. Flowers
All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
Sexuality health educators (SHEs) adapt interventions to the participants’ needs in the dissemination and implementation of comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) programming. However, there is a lack of understanding of how, why and when SHEs make such adaptations. Success or failure of the transfer of prevention technology to practitioners occurs by determining community capacities and preparedness to adopt/adapt high-impact interventions to effectively manage implementation. Experts argue for evidence-informed interventions (EII), as opposed to evidence-based interventions (EBI), as the best way to incorporate research in applied settings. EBIs are solely guided by recommendations from current evidence, whereas EIIs recognize and incorporate ...
Systematic Identification Of Coordination Gaps In Pediatric Care, 2016 Western Michigan University
Systematic Identification Of Coordination Gaps In Pediatric Care, Diana M. Prieto, Anil Kumar, Catherine L. Kothari, Cheryl Dickson
Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research
In the United States, the status of coordination among pediatric care services is not well understood. Through the use of quality improvement (QI) techniques, coordination gaps were systematically identified in the interagency network of pediatric services in Kalamazoo MI. Gaps were found in transportation resources, follow-up procedures, awareness of services, interagency communication, insurance limitations, population behaviors, and resource utilization. This preliminary study reveals the need for (1) protocols for intra- and inter-agency communication, (2) mechanisms for easy and fast retrieval of pediatric resources, and (3) health information exchange.
Using Process Mining To Assess The Fidelity Of A Home Visiting Program, 2016 University of Missouri School of Medicine
Using Process Mining To Assess The Fidelity Of A Home Visiting Program, Riyad Haq, Sofia Campos Vidal Pires, Julie M. Kapp, Sara Schlemper, Eduardo J. Simoes
Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research
Background: The Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) program is a federal public health initiative which supports at-risk families through evidence-based programs and promising approaches for pregnant women, and childhood development for children aged 0 to 5. These public health program funding mechanisms commonly include process evaluation mandates.
Purpose: The use of process mining was explored as a methodology to assess the fidelity of the MIECHV programs’ actual workflow to that of their intended models.
Methods: Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap) data files that were populated with program process data elements from the local implementing agencies were mined ...
Unicef Kid Power: Empowering Kids To Get Active And Save Lives, 2016 University of San Francisco
Unicef Kid Power: Empowering Kids To Get Active And Save Lives, Emily L. Gudaitis
UNICEF Kid Power is a program aimed at increasing U.S. children’s activity levels by tapping into children’s intrinsic desire to do good. Through their activity levels, kids earn points, which unlocks funding from partners that will support treatment for a malnourished child. This one-of-a-kind program was implemented in the Bay Area in Spring 2016 with 7,800 youth participants. The attached paper is a summary of a 300-hour fieldwork experience at the U.S. Fund for UNICEF assisting with the UNICEF Kid Power implementation in the Bay Area. The fieldwork included program implementation and evaluation, presentations at ...
The Complexity Of Non-Profit Administration In Global Development: A Case-Study On Neonatal Mortality, 2016 University of San Francisco
The Complexity Of Non-Profit Administration In Global Development: A Case-Study On Neonatal Mortality, Paul D. Glantz
In 2015, 5.9 million children died with 44% of those deaths occurring in the most vulnerable period of life: the neonatal period (first 28 days of life). Because this is such a pervasive problem, in order to meet the United Nation’s third Sustainable Development Goal of reducing the global neonatal mortality rate down from 27 to 12 deaths per 1,000 live births, there needs to be more evidence-based, effective interventions. Thrive Networks addresses newborn mortality by improving facility-based care in low-resource settings via intensive training and lifesaving medical equipment built to operate in these conditions. Despite all ...
Mater: Innovative Programs For Maternal Addiction Education Treatment And Research, 2016 Thomas Jefferson University
Mater: Innovative Programs For Maternal Addiction Education Treatment And Research, Meghan Gannon Phd Msph
Population Health Matters (Formerly Health Policy Newsletter)
No abstract provided.
A Pilot Study To Assess The Feasibility, Safety And Acceptability Of Soy-Based Diet For Pregnant Women At High Risk For Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, 2016 University of Massachusetts Boston
A Pilot Study To Assess The Feasibility, Safety And Acceptability Of Soy-Based Diet For Pregnant Women At High Risk For Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Ling Shi, Vidya Iyer, Emily Jones, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Alice H. Lichtenstein, Laura L. Hayman
Tiffany A. Moore Simas
Background: Diet plays an important role in the prevention and management of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Previous studies suggest that soy protein and isoflavones may have beneficial effects on lipid and glucose metabolism. Little is known regarding the cardiometabolic effects of soy intake during pregnancy. This pilot study assessed the feasibility, safety and acceptability of daily consumption of soy foods during pregnancy in women at high risk for GDM, and participant adherence to their assigned treatment.
Methods: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted among pregnant women at high risk for GDM. The Soy group were counseled to consume a ...
Can Physician Champions Improve Kangaroo Care? Trends Over 5 Years In Rural Western India, 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Can Physician Champions Improve Kangaroo Care? Trends Over 5 Years In Rural Western India, Apurv Soni, Amee Amin, Dipen V. Patel, Nisha Fahey, Ajay G. Phatak, Jeroan Allison, Somashekhar M. Nimbalkar
Jeroan J. Allison
Introduction: In 2013, approximately 2.8 million children worldwide died within the neonatal period. India is at the epicenter of this tragedy, accounting for one-third of all neonatal mortalities. Prematurity and/or with low birth weight are the leading cause of neonatal mortality and India has the highest number of neonates born preterm and weighing less than 2,500 grams worldwide. It is estimated that Kangaroo Care can avert up to 48% of all neonatal deaths among premature babies by 2025. However, the promise of Kangaroo Care as a low-cost, safe, and efficacious intervention to reduce neonatal mortality in India ...
Retention Of Mothers And Infants In The Prevention Of Mother-To-Child Transmission Of Hiv Programme Is Associated With Individual And Facility-Level Factors In Rwanda., 2016 George Washington University
Retention Of Mothers And Infants In The Prevention Of Mother-To-Child Transmission Of Hiv Programme Is Associated With Individual And Facility-Level Factors In Rwanda., Godfrey B Woelk, Dieudonne Ndatimana, Sally Behan, Martha Mukaminega, Epiphanie Nyirabahizi, Heather J. Hoffman, Placidie Mugwaneza, Muhayimpundu Ribakare, Anouk Amzel, B Ryan Phelps
Epidemiology and Biostatistics Faculty Publications
OBJECTIVES: Investigate levels of retention at specified time periods along the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) cascade among mother-infant pairs as well as individual- and facility-level factors associated with retention.
METHODS: A retrospective cohort of HIV-positive pregnant women and their infants attending five health centres from November 2010 to February 2012 in the Option B programme in Rwanda was established. Data were collected from several health registers and patient follow-up files. Additionally, informant interviews were conducted to ascertain health facility characteristics. Generalized estimating equation methods and modelling were utilized to estimate the number of mothers attending each antenatal care visit ...
Injury-Related Infant Deaths: A State Analysis Of A Public Health, Health Care, Policy Network, 2016 University of Kansas Medical Center
Injury-Related Infant Deaths: A State Analysis Of A Public Health, Health Care, Policy Network, Sharla Smith, Xi Zhu, Mary Aitken
Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research
Introduction: This research examines a state-level public health, health care, and policy network focused on efforts to reduce unintentional childhood injuries. The network is composed of 12 organizations: four public health, four health care, and four policy.
Methods: A 23-item survey was administered to the 12 organizations between January and June 2015. Analyses were conducted using HyperResearch and UCInet 6.
Results: More organizations worked together on assessment and planning efforts that identify and quantify the nature of at-risk infants in the community and strategies for reducing injury-related infant deaths. The Injury Prevention Center, the most central organization, interacted most frequently ...
The Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills Model: An Examination Of Obesity Prevention Behavioral Change In Children Who Participated In The Afterschool Program Virginia Beach Let’S Move, 2016 Old Dominion University
The Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills Model: An Examination Of Obesity Prevention Behavioral Change In Children Who Participated In The Afterschool Program Virginia Beach Let’S Move, Marilyn Miroshlava Bartholmae
Health Services Research Dissertations
The purpose of this study was to examine the utility of the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills Model (IMB) as a foundation to design childhood obesity prevention afterschool programs. This study employed a secondary analysis of pre (n=172), post (n=170), and 1-year follow-up (n=32) evaluations of the obesity prevention afterschool program Virginia Beach Let’s Move for children ages 5-11 years. Independent variables included demographic characteristics for the participating children and their parents. Dependent variables used in this study were the IMB constructs information and motivation. Motivation was measured by the attitudes of the children and information was measured by ...
Assessment Of Micronutrient Status In Pregnant Malawian Women Before And After Treatment For Moderate Malnutrition, 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
Assessment Of Micronutrient Status In Pregnant Malawian Women Before And After Treatment For Moderate Malnutrition, Cambria M. Glosz
Master's Theses and Project Reports
Background: Multiple micronutrient deficiencies are prevalent in pregnant women in developing countries and can result in adverse effects to both the mother and infant. Multiple micronutrient supplements or supplementary foods may be a way to combat micronutrient deficiencies.
Objective: To assess change in micronutrient and protein levels in moderately malnourished pregnant Malawian women after receiving one of three nutritional interventions.
Methods: Serum retinol, 25-hydroxyvitamin D, ferritin, vitamin B12, folate, zinc, albumin and C-reactive protein concentrations were measured in pregnant women with MUAC >20.6 cm and
Results: Baseline micronutrient concentrations indicated high rates of deficiency in zinc (29-39%) and ...