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Childhood And Adolescent Obesity: Related Comorbidities And Interventions, Jasmine Wong 2022 Dominican University of California

Childhood And Adolescent Obesity: Related Comorbidities And Interventions, Jasmine Wong

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background

The prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity in the United States has steadily risen over the years and has become a public health concern. Obesity is defined as a BMI at or above the 95th percentile for children and teens of the same age and sex. Obese children and adolescents are at risk for poor health and poor quality of life. Furthermore, there are numerous comorbidities associated with childhood and adolescent obesity. While some of the associated diseases are acute, others can become chronic and result in lifelong conditions.

Objective

The purpose of the present thesis is to explore ...


Safe Practices For Preventing Covid-19 Among School-Aged Children, Meleena Reyelle Banda-Garcia 2022 Dominican University of California

Safe Practices For Preventing Covid-19 Among School-Aged Children, Meleena Reyelle Banda-Garcia

Nursing | Senior Theses

Communicable diseases and infections are common health problems among children. Among the most impactful communicable diseases present today is COVID-19, a disease caused by a virus named SARS-CoV-2, which has forced many school closures due to rapid transmission. Despite children not being the main driving factor of the spread of the disease, severe complications underlying COVID-19 incidence have resulted in increased hospitalization among school-age children.The initial global response to the spread of COVID-19 included the closure of school systems; however as the disease continues to be effectively managed, communities are starting to re-open schools partially or entirely nationwide. Although ...


The Impact Of Psychosocial Stress On Maternal Health Outcomes: A Multi-State Prams 8 (2016-2018) Analysis, Blessing Chidiuto Lawrence, Anna Kheyfets, Keri Carvalho, Shubhecchha Dhaurali, Marwah Kiani, Alison Moky, Ndidiamaka Amutah-Onukagha 2022 Tufts University School of Medicine

The Impact Of Psychosocial Stress On Maternal Health Outcomes: A Multi-State Prams 8 (2016-2018) Analysis, Blessing Chidiuto Lawrence, Anna Kheyfets, Keri Carvalho, Shubhecchha Dhaurali, Marwah Kiani, Alison Moky, Ndidiamaka Amutah-Onukagha

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Introduction: Significant racial disparities persist in maternal morbidity rates, disproportionately affecting Black women. Experiencing high levels of stress during pregnancy is associated with increased risk for preterm birth, infant mortality, and preeclampsia. This study investigates the impact of psychosocial life stressors on maternal morbidity and racial disparities utilizing the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) dataset.

Methods: Participants (N=24,209) included were from Phase 8 (2016-2018) of the PRAMS survey across five states. Stressors were grouped into traumatic, partner-related, financial, or emotional. Maternal outcomes included gestational diabetes, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, prenatal depression, and postpartum depression. The association between ...


From A Place Of Love: The Experiences Of Birthing In A Black-Owned Culturally-Centered Community Birth Center, J'Mag Karbeah, Rachel Hardeman, Numi Katz, Dimpho Orionzi, Katy Kozhimannil 2022 University of Minnesota

From A Place Of Love: The Experiences Of Birthing In A Black-Owned Culturally-Centered Community Birth Center, J'Mag Karbeah, Rachel Hardeman, Numi Katz, Dimpho Orionzi, Katy Kozhimannil

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Introduction: Racial and ethnic disparities in perinatal health outcomes are among the greatest threats to population health in the United States. Black birthing communities are most impacted by these inequities due to structural racism throughout society and within health care settings. Although multiple studies have shown that structural racism and the disrespect associated with this system of inequity are the root causes of observed perinatal inequities, little scholarship has centered the needs of Black birthing communities to create alternative care models. Leaning on reproductive justice and critical race theoretical frameworks, this study explores good birth experiences as described by Black ...


Moving Towards Justice: Reducing Encounters Of Preeclampsia In Adolescent Maternal Health, shaunesse' jacobs plaisimond, George Hodulik, Molly Wilde 2022 Boston University; Center for Mind and Culture

Moving Towards Justice: Reducing Encounters Of Preeclampsia In Adolescent Maternal Health, Shaunesse' Jacobs Plaisimond, George Hodulik, Molly Wilde

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Using data from the Nulliparous Pregnancy Outcomes Study: Monitoring Mothers-to-Be (nuMoM2b), several relationships were explored between nutrition and diet, likely attributed to education, culture, training, and habits around food. While these factors remain relevant and worth pursuing, data analysis implied that the most significant issue remaining is access to healthcare. Across race, age, and nutrition consumption, if pregnant people make higher incomes—inferring better access to healthcare and higher-quality nutrients, then their risk of preeclampsia is reduced. Accordingly, this paper performs an extensive literature review of the intersection of extreme maternal age and nutrient intake as a significant factor for ...


Defining Birth Equity In Kansas, Oluoma Obi, Michelle L. Redmond, Joi Wickliffe, Sapphire Garcia-Lies, Sharla Smith 2022 University of Kansas Medical Center

Defining Birth Equity In Kansas, Oluoma Obi, Michelle L. Redmond, Joi Wickliffe, Sapphire Garcia-Lies, Sharla Smith

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Background: While some health outcomes improve in the United States, racial and ethnic disparities in pregnancy-related outcomes persist. In the United States and Kansas, Black women are three times more likely to die from a pregnancy-related complication than white women.

Description: The Kansas Birth Equity Network (KBEN), is an initiative developed to address racial disparities in maternal and child health outcomes. We used a community-centered approach to collect stakeholder perceptions of birth equity and develop a case definition of birth equity.

Methods: An open-ended online survey was designed to collect stakeholders’ definition of birth equity, their organization’s birth equity ...


Birth Justice Philly: Equitable Community Engagement In Action, Simone N. Snead, Imani Davis, Samantha Shuster, Elizabeth Guman, Cynthia Estremera Gauthier, Aasta D. Mehta 2022 Philadelphia Department of Public Health

Birth Justice Philly: Equitable Community Engagement In Action, Simone N. Snead, Imani Davis, Samantha Shuster, Elizabeth Guman, Cynthia Estremera Gauthier, Aasta D. Mehta

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

This article describes how a multi-sector coalition focusing on carrying out recommendations of the Philadelphia Maternal Mortality Review Committee (MMRC) engages community participation through the development of equitable strategies that culminate in the implementation of actionable methods to improve perinatal outcomes.

The U.S. maternal mortality crisis continues to impact countless families and communities. Despite having some of the finest academic medical centers in the nation and a functioning county-level maternal mortality review committee, the maternal mortality rate in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is far above the national average. Vital statistics show that Philadelphia’s rate of pregnancy-related deaths from 2012 to ...


Addressing Racial Disparities In Maternal Health: The Case For An Equity Birth Plan, Alice Trye, Damali Campbell Oparaji, Natalie Roche, Lisa Gittens Williams 2022 Rutgers NJ Medical School

Addressing Racial Disparities In Maternal Health: The Case For An Equity Birth Plan, Alice Trye, Damali Campbell Oparaji, Natalie Roche, Lisa Gittens Williams

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Birth equity can be defined as “The assurance of the conditions of optimal births for all people with a willingness to address racial and social inequities in a sustained effort.” (Birth Equity |California Maternal Quality Care Collaborative, n.d.). Complex explanations exist for adverse maternal outcomes, but unequal health care, socioeconomic and racial inequalities pose risks to women and their babies (“Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care,” 2003). The data is clear: Maternal death rates have increased and are 3 to 4 times higher for black women than white women (Zaharatos et al., 2018). These disparities ...


Editor's Notes, NeKeshia Jones, Sharla Smith, Melva Thompson-Robinson 2022 Alameda Health System

Editor's Notes, Nekeshia Jones, Sharla Smith, Melva Thompson-Robinson

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

These Editors' Notes introduce the first special issue of the Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice based on the work the National Maternal Health Research Network.


Overlaps And Gaps Of Preterm Birth Programs In The Triangle Area Of North Carolina, Amber Bobbitt 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Overlaps And Gaps Of Preterm Birth Programs In The Triangle Area Of North Carolina, Amber Bobbitt

Capstone Experience

Background: Preterm birth rates are a long-standing issue that has yet to be adequately addressed and prioritized. Nationally about 1 in every 10 infants are born prematurely in the United States. In the state of North Carolina, 1 in every 9 live births was preterm in the year 2020. The aim of the study was to determine the strategies organizations use in North Carolina to reduce preterm births in comparison to the CDC’s Five Strategy framework and to understand how the organizations address health equity and measure/evaluate the success of their initiatives.

Methods: Semi-structured one-on-one interviews were conducted ...


Mothers’ Reflections On Cat Ownership For A Child With Autism Spectrum Disorder During Covid-19, Saskia Keville, Sophia De Vita, Amanda K. Ludlow 2022 University of Hertfordshire

Mothers’ Reflections On Cat Ownership For A Child With Autism Spectrum Disorder During Covid-19, Saskia Keville, Sophia De Vita, Amanda K. Ludlow

People and Animals: The International Journal of Research and Practice

Animal- assisted interventions are increasingly used as a complementary therapy in clinical practice to support people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with promising outcomes compared to traditional therapies. Less is understood about the therapeutic benefits of more accessible and affordable small pet ownership for families with a child with ASD, alongside the pets’ welfare living in these homes. This study explored the experiences of cat ownership for young people with ASD from the perspective of their mothers during a time of transition generated by COVID-19. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six mothers and transcripts analyzed using reflexive thematic analysis. Three ...


A Comparison Of American Women's Experiences With Both Gestational Surrogate Pregnancies And Spontaneous Pregnancies, Jennifer Lahl, Kallie Fell, Kate Bassett, Frances H. Broghammer, William M. Briggs 2022 Center for Bioethics and Culture

A Comparison Of American Women's Experiences With Both Gestational Surrogate Pregnancies And Spontaneous Pregnancies, Jennifer Lahl, Kallie Fell, Kate Bassett, Frances H. Broghammer, William M. Briggs

Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence

This article evaluates the pregnancy experiences of American women by comparing their spontaneous or non-surrogate pregnancies with their gestational surrogate pregnancies. Data were collected through structured interviews using an online video platform. In total, 96 interviews were conducted. Data revealed that a woman was more likely to have a pregnancy that was high-risk during a surrogate pregnancy than during a non-surrogate pregnancy, independent of maternal age or gravidity (OR 11.4, 3.5-36.6; p


“The Worst Part About My Pregnancy Was Stuff That Didn’T Have To Do With My Pregnancy”: Medicaid Beneficiaries’ Pregnancy Intentions & Experiences In South Carolina, Andrew Michael Chen 2022 University of South Carolina

“The Worst Part About My Pregnancy Was Stuff That Didn’T Have To Do With My Pregnancy”: Medicaid Beneficiaries’ Pregnancy Intentions & Experiences In South Carolina, Andrew Michael Chen

Senior Theses

Low-income women and women of color experience adverse birth outcomes at disproportionately higher rates in the United States than most people who give birth. This thesis examines individual interviews conducted with 30 low-income women whose most recent birth was covered by Medicaid, the United States’ largest means-tested public health insurance program. The aim of this thesis is to examine how the women in the study thought about pregnancy, and how they described their intentions to become or avoid becoming pregnant at various times in their life. While public health researchers often frame pregnancy as an event that is either intended ...


Book Review: Urban Health | Emerging Public Health Perspectives, Demi Miriam 2022 Edward & Cynthia Institute of Public Health, India

Book Review: Urban Health | Emerging Public Health Perspectives, Demi Miriam

Journal of Research Initiatives

Book Review

Book Title: Urban Health | Emerging public health perspectives

Editors: Fernandes & Grewal, 2021

Publisher: Global South Strategies

Publication: 02 September 2021

City: Mangalore, India

Total No. of Pages: 341

Price (in INR): 950 (Paperback)

ISBN-13: 978-8195336418


The Impact Of A Lifestyle Intervention On Risk Factors Of Cardiovascular Disease And Type Ii Diabetes Among At-Risk Hispanic Women, Kathryn A. Wagner 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

The Impact Of A Lifestyle Intervention On Risk Factors Of Cardiovascular Disease And Type Ii Diabetes Among At-Risk Hispanic Women, Kathryn A. Wagner

Doctoral Dissertations

Cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes are global epidemics affecting approximately 127 and 21 million people in the U.S., respectively. Women who are overweight, obese or who develop glucose intolerance during pregnancy represent high-risk groups for the development of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Hispanic women are both more likely to begin their pregnancies as overweight or obese and have a higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes, compared to non-Hispanic whites. However, prior lifestyle interventions have largely been limited to non-Hispanic whites. Therefore, this research assessed how culturally tailored lifestyle modification may affect cardiovascular disease and type 2 ...


Discharged Against Medical Advice In The Postpartum Period: Why Should We Care?, Gurbani Bedi BS, Mariam Ayyash MD, MSCR, Monique Swain MD 2022 Wayne State University

Discharged Against Medical Advice In The Postpartum Period: Why Should We Care?, Gurbani Bedi Bs, Mariam Ayyash Md, Mscr, Monique Swain Md

Medical Student Research Symposium

Objective: To understand reasons and events surrounding postpartum discharges against medical advice (AMA) in an urban population in Detroit, Michigan.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted looking at women who left AMA in the postpartum period from Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit, Michigan between 2013 and 2021.

Results: 111 women (0.18%) left AMA in the postpartum period between 2013 and 2021. 35.1% of women were Black, 53% were White, 11.7% were of other races. 4.5% of women had home births and were brought in by EMS shortly after delivery. 44.1% of women had preterm ...


Language Preference Impact On The Outcomes Of Those Lost To Follow-Up After A Diagnosis Of Pregnancy Of Unknown Location, Erin A. Leestma, Mayra A. Shafique, Megan McNitt, Annmarie Vilkins 2022 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Language Preference Impact On The Outcomes Of Those Lost To Follow-Up After A Diagnosis Of Pregnancy Of Unknown Location, Erin A. Leestma, Mayra A. Shafique, Megan Mcnitt, Annmarie Vilkins

Medical Student Research Symposium

Pregnancy of unknown location (PUL) is a temporary diagnosis when there is a positive pregnancy test but an intrauterine gestational sac and/or fetal pole are not visualized with ultrasonography. The three potential outcomes for such a pregnancy are failed pregnancy, an early intrauterine pregnancy or an ectopic/abnormal pregnancy. Given the serious associated morbidity of ectopic pregnancy, these PUL require strict follow up of bHCG levels to help the clinician determine the likely outcome of the PUL (failed vs early vs ectopic) and choose the best intervention (expectant management, surgical management or medical management). One potential barrier to follow-up ...


Associations Of Maternal Lipoprotein Particle Distribution In Mid-Pregnancy With Birth Outcomes: A Pilot Study., Todd C. Rideout, Xiaozhong Wen, Divya Choudhary, Marissa Catanzaro, Richard W. Browne, Vanessa M. Barnabei, Kai Ling Kong 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Associations Of Maternal Lipoprotein Particle Distribution In Mid-Pregnancy With Birth Outcomes: A Pilot Study., Todd C. Rideout, Xiaozhong Wen, Divya Choudhary, Marissa Catanzaro, Richard W. Browne, Vanessa M. Barnabei, Kai Ling Kong

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: An excessive rise in maternal lipids during pregnancy may have detrimental impacts on maternal and fetal health leading to adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, knowledge gaps exist with respect to the association between lipid biomarkers and birth outcomes.

METHODS: We conducted a secondary data analysis of healthy pregnant women (N = 25) with mid-pregnancy fasting serum samples collected at 22-28 weeks of gestation and birth outcome data. Serum was analyzed for conventional lipid profile (total-C, HDL-C, LDL-C, and triglycerides) and lipoprotein subclass distribution, including particle number (nM) and size (nm), for very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL)/chylomicron (CM), low density lipoprotein (LDL ...


The Impact Of Training On Self-Reported Performance In Reproductive, Maternal, And Newborn Health Service Delivery Among Healthcare Workers In Tanzania: A Baseline- And Endline-Survey, Tumbwene Mwansisya, Columba Mbekenga, Kahabi Isangula, Loveluck Mwasha, Stewart Mbelwa, Mary Lyimo, Lucy Kisaka, Victor Mathias, Eunice Pallangyo, Grace Edwards, Michaela Mantel, Sisawo Konteh, Thomas Rutachunzibwa, Marleen Temmerman 2022 Aga Khan University

The Impact Of Training On Self-Reported Performance In Reproductive, Maternal, And Newborn Health Service Delivery Among Healthcare Workers In Tanzania: A Baseline- And Endline-Survey, Tumbwene Mwansisya, Columba Mbekenga, Kahabi Isangula, Loveluck Mwasha, Stewart Mbelwa, Mary Lyimo, Lucy Kisaka, Victor Mathias, Eunice Pallangyo, Grace Edwards, Michaela Mantel, Sisawo Konteh, Thomas Rutachunzibwa, Marleen Temmerman

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Background: Delivery of quality reproductive health services has been documented to depend on the availability of healthcare workers who are adequately supported with appropriate training. However, unmet training needs among healthcare workers in reproductive, maternal, and newborn health (RMNH) in low-income countries remain disproportionately high. This study investigated the effectiveness of training with onsite clinical mentorship towards self-reported performance in RMNH among healthcare workers in Mwanza Region, Tanzania.

Methods: The study used a quasi-experimental design with pre-and post-intervention evaluation strategy. The baseline was compared with two endline groups: those with intervention (training and onsite mentorship) and those without. The differences ...


Maternal Socioeconomic Status And Infant Low Birth Weight: Interactions Across Generations, Kira M. Anderson 2022 Portland State University

Maternal Socioeconomic Status And Infant Low Birth Weight: Interactions Across Generations, Kira M. Anderson

University Honors Theses

This article examines the interplay between low birth weight (LBW) and socioeconomic status (SES) across generations. Transgenerational research of LBW and SES is limited and poses certain challenges and nuances. A literature review was conducted which gathered studies that analyze both LBW and SES for two or more generations. Results of these studies are mixed, but the body of research is suggestive of patterns in which LBW and low SES may mutually exacerbate each other across generations. Furthermore, the research suggests that these patterns may be more severe among Black women. This paper calls into question the consequences that these ...


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