Intersecting Positions Of Social Disadvantage And Self-Reported Health Status Disparities, 2016 Oregon State University
Intersecting Positions Of Social Disadvantage And Self-Reported Health Status Disparities, Carla S. Alvarado, Chunhuei Chi
Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Health disparities along the gender, race and class are particularly important to monitor and study given the predicted differential distribution of health along these social identities. Intersectionality is a theoretical framework that allows public health and health disparities researchers to account for the simultaneous, mutually constitutive, reinforcing and multidimensional effects of gender, class, and race with the aim to better understand health disparities. Disparities along gender, race and class have been noted in self-reported health status (SRHS) which has been shown to be a strong predictive factor of mortality, morbidity and mental health independent of other physiologic, behavioral and psychosocial ...
Calcium Phosphate As A Key Material For Socially Responsible Tissue Engineering, 2016 Chapman University
Calcium Phosphate As A Key Material For Socially Responsible Tissue Engineering, Vuk Uskoković, Victoria M. Wu
Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research
Socially responsible technologies are designed while taking into consideration the socioeconomic, geopolitical and environmental limitations of regions in which they will be implemented. In the medical context, this involves making therapeutic platforms more accessible and affordable to patients in poor regions of the world wherein a given disease is endemic. This often necessitates going against the reigning trend of making therapeutic nanoparticles ever more structurally complex and expensive. However, studies aimed at simplifying materials and formulations while maintaining the functionality and therapeutic response of their more complex counterparts seldom provoke a significant interest in the scientific community. In this review ...
Making An Employee Wellness Program Work For You, 2016 Butler University
Making An Employee Wellness Program Work For You, Ryan Schneck
This paper attempts to look at the problems with employee wellness programs and why they're not achieving the results many hoped they would. In addition to looking at why employee wellness programs do not succeed, it attempts to give solutions and tips for better health care outcomes. This paper focuses on the economics of employee wellness programs, the benefits they can provide, and the future of employee wellness.
This paper has no additional disclosures or conflicts of interests with outside sources.
Exploring Emergency Communication Experiences In Response To The 2010 Haiti Earthquake: Lessons Learned From International Donors And Local Government Agencies, 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center
Exploring Emergency Communication Experiences In Response To The 2010 Haiti Earthquake: Lessons Learned From International Donors And Local Government Agencies, Pierre Marie Barbara Roussel
Theses & Dissertations
In almost every disaster situation, the use of standardized communication procedures among humanitarian relief agencies has been identified as one of the efficient practices to minimize the mismanagement of resources and thus to maximize the response effort among actors to reduce the incidence impact on the public and to increase their resilience capabilities.
Agencies have access to several guidelines to follow during domestic disasters, but there have been very few manuals developed to guide relief organizations on best practices during international large and complex natural disasters such as the 2010 Haiti earthquake.
Haiti has experienced over its history several ...
Comparing The Quantitation Of Opiates From Possible Drug Overdose Cases Using Results Of Blood Analysis And Liver Analysis, 2016 State University of New York Buffalo State
Comparing The Quantitation Of Opiates From Possible Drug Overdose Cases Using Results Of Blood Analysis And Liver Analysis, Lee Ann Garozzo
Forensic Science Theses
Currently the quantitation of opiates at the Erie County Medical Examiner’s Office Toxicology Laboratory is conducted through whole blood analysis. The objective of this thesis project was to determine if the analysis of opiates could be conducted through liver analysis, and if the analysis of opiates would provide a more accurate quantitation compared to the blood analysis. The quantitation of opiates was conducted from the livers of sixty-four possible overdose cases that were brought into the Erie County Medical Examiner’s Office between 2013 and 2015. Results showed that the opiate drugs could successfully be quantitated using the liver ...
The Impact Of Medicaid Expansion On Utilization Of Mental Health Services In West Louisville, Kentucky., 2016 University of Louisville
The Impact Of Medicaid Expansion On Utilization Of Mental Health Services In West Louisville, Kentucky., Susan Theresa Buchino
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Mental health is an essential component of overall health status, and mental illnesses are a leading cause of disability. In addition to expanding insurance coverage, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) reinforced parity for mental health services in insurance plans. This mixed-methods study assessed mental health service utilization by an urban and predominately African-American population following the successful implementation of the ACA and Medicaid expansion in Louisville, KY. Claims data from one Medicaid Managed Care Organization were analyzed to assess mental health care utilization patterns pre- and post- Medicaid expansion and determine differences in utilization rates between the Medicaid expansion population ...
Trends In Clinical Billing By Local Health Departments, 2016 Arizona State University
Trends In Clinical Billing By Local Health Departments, J. Mac Mccullough
Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research
Background: Billing for clinical services is perceived to be increasingly important for local health departments (LHDs). Yet very little evidence exists regarding the frequency and relative financial importance of clinical billing revenues.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to report on trends in the frequency and financial scope of clinical billing by LHDs from 2008 to 2013.
Methods: The study used data from the 2008, 2010, and 2013 National Association of City and County Health Officials Profile report surveys. Per capita revenues from clinical billing and percent of total LHD revenues from clinical billing were calculated.
Results: Clinical billing ...
Around Campus, 2016 DePaul University
Center for Community Health Equity Launches; Sustainability the Focus of the 2015 Vincent de Paul Lecture; The Women's Center Celebrates 20 Years with Feminist Editor; Craft of Composing Panel Addresses the Vocation of Writing; Third Annual Horror of the Humanities Unmasks the Monstrosities of Daily Life; DePaul Basketball Enjoys Game-Changing Groundbreaking Day; Bruno Marks 30th Season Coaching the Game He Lovers; Late-Season Rally Propels Men's Soccer to Postseason; Women's Soccer Qualifies for Sixth BIG EAST Tournament; Wyatt Excels On and Off the Field; Preseason Honors the BIG EAST; Polish Scholar Reflects on Solidarity Movement and Catholicism; The ...
Consensus Statement On Electronic Health Predictive Analytics: A Guiding Framework To Address Challenges, Ruben Amarasingham, Anne-Marie J. Audet, David W. Bates, I. Glenn Cohen, Martin Entwistle, G J. Escobar, Vincent Liu, Lynn Etheredge, Bernard Lo, Lucila Ohno-Machado, Sudha Ram, Suchi Saria, Lisa M. Schilling, Anand Shah, Walter F. Stewart, Ewout W. Steyerberg, Bin Xie
eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)
Context: The recent explosion in available electronic health record (EHR) data is motivating a rapid expansion of electronic health care predictive analytic (e-HPA) applications, defined as the use of electronic algorithms that forecast clinical events in real time with the intent to improve patient outcomes and reduce costs. There is an urgent need for a systematic framework to guide the development and application of e-HPA to ensure that the field develops in a scientifically sound, ethical, and efficient manner.
Objectives: Building upon earlier frameworks of model development and utilization, we identify the emerging opportunities and challenges of e-HPA, propose a ...
Consumption Of Low-Calorie Sweeteners In The United States 2009-12, 2016 George Washington University
Consumption Of Low-Calorie Sweeteners In The United States 2009-12, Yichen Jin, Allison C. Sylvetsky, Jean A. Welsh, Kristina I. Rother, Sameera A Talegawkar
GW Research Days 2016 - Present
We have previously demonstrated that low-calorie sweetener (LCS) consumption increased in the United States (US) between 1999 and 2008 (from 9% to 15 % in kids and from 27% to 32% in adults), but little is known about current consumption. We therefore analyzed National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data collected in 2011-12 and compared LCS consumption patterns across socio-demographic subgroups. Dietary sources of LCS were identified using NHANES food descriptions. Prevalence of consumption nationally and by age, race, gender, socio-economic status, educational attainment, were estimated using two 24-hour dietary recalls. F-tests were used to evaluate differences in consumption across ...
A “Health In All Policies” Evolution In New York City’S Planyc, 2016 Georgia Institute of Technology - Main Campus
A “Health In All Policies” Evolution In New York City’S Planyc, Stephanie Noble, Kimberley R. Isett
Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research
Background: Health in All Policies (HiAP) is a framework requiring that the promotion of health be embedded in all substantive policy areas to have a comprehensive approach to the health and well-being of local citizens.
Purpose: To determine the extent to which the Bloomberg Administration in New York City used an HiAP approach to promote attention to health outcomes in peer agencies (outside the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene) within the city bureaucracy.
Methods: Document analysis was completed on a hallmark sustainability plan in New York City, called PlaNYC: the 2007 PlaNYC report, 2011 PlaNYC update, and PlaNYC progress ...
Bleeding Control - The Next Step In Active Shooter Guidance, 2016 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Bleeding Control - The Next Step In Active Shooter Guidance, Birch X. Barron
Homeland Security Publications
No abstract provided.
Heath And The Homeless Population Of Missoula: “Housing First” As A Solution, 2016 The University Of Montana
Heath And The Homeless Population Of Missoula: “Housing First” As A Solution, Marissa S. Ginnett
Undergraduate Theses and Professional Papers
Missoula, Montana has an extremely high rate of homelessness at .75% of the population (compared to other large cities, Seattle, Washington at .23% and Los Angeles, California at .32%). This is due to there not being much done to help chronically inebriated homeless individuals. All are turned away from Missoula's overnight shelters if they are not sober. For an inebriated homeless person, the jail and the hospital are the only two places where they can stay the night. Through comparison to other cities, such as Seattle, Washington, I have identified that Missoula needs a wet housing program. Wet housing ...
Creating A Community Of Practice To Prevent Suicide Through Multiple Channels: Describing The Theoretical Foundations And Structured Learning Of Pc Cares, 2016 University of Massachusetts Amherst
Creating A Community Of Practice To Prevent Suicide Through Multiple Channels: Describing The Theoretical Foundations And Structured Learning Of Pc Cares, Lisa Wexler, Diane Mceachern, Gloria Difulvio, Cristine Smith, Louis F. Graham, Kirk Dombrowski
Sociology Department, Faculty Publications
It is critical to develop practical, effective, ecological, and decolonizing approaches to indigenous suicide prevention and health promotion for the North American communities. The youth suicide rates in predominantly indigenous small, rural, and remote Northern communities are unacceptably high. This health disparity, however, is fairly recent, occurring over the last 50 to 100 years as communities experienced forced social, economic, and political change and intergenerational trauma. These conditions increase suicide risk and can reduce people’s access to shared protective factors and processes. In this context, it is imperative that suicide prevention includes—at its heart— decolonization, while also utilizing ...
Evaluation Of Geo-Social Networking Application Use Among Young Adults, 2016 University of Vermont
Evaluation Of Geo-Social Networking Application Use Among Young Adults, Caleb Seufert
Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects
Background: Since 2009 geosocial networking applications (GNAs) have rapidly emerged as a new technological platform for users to communicate, date, and meet for sex. Popular GNAs include Tinder, Grindr, Bumble, Plenty of Fish, and many more. GNA’s are unique to traditional dating websites in that they allow users to connect with each other based on geographic proximity of their mobile phones. Given the pervasiveness of technology usage among young adults, it is important to understand the potential risks and benefits that GNA-facilitated communication poses on sexual health, emotional well-being, and safety. Popular GNA’s, like Tinder, estimate the majority ...
Exploring A Possible Correlation Between The Human Oral Microbiome And Body Mass Index, 2016 University of Colorado, Boulder
Exploring A Possible Correlation Between The Human Oral Microbiome And Body Mass Index, Ivy S. Mcdermott
Undergraduate Honors Theses
Obesity is a growing health problem in America affecting more than a third of Americans25 and is quickly becoming a global health crisis34. Recently there has been much interest in the possible link between the human gut microbiome and obesity as fecal transplants may serve as a potential therapeutic treatment. However, not much research has been done looking at a potential association with the human oral microbiome and obesity. In this thesis, I examined 976 individuals previously sequenced for their oral microbiome. Each sample was classified as underweight, normal, overweight, or obese, according to their BMI. I measured the microbial ...
Incorporation Of Interprofessional Education And Special Care Dentistry Into Standard Dental School Curriculum, 2016 Virginia Commonwealth University
Incorporation Of Interprofessional Education And Special Care Dentistry Into Standard Dental School Curriculum, Marshall D. Adzima
Undergraduate Research Posters
According to dentistry, special needs is defined as individuals whose medical, physical, psychological, or social situations may make it necessary to modify normal dental routines in order to provide dental treatment for that individual. The population of special needs patients is increasing. The lack of educated professionals in special care dentistry is leading to severe and untreated systemic and oral health problems in the special needs population. The implementation of interprofessional treatment for special needs individuals has proven to be the most effective method of treatment within the special needs population. This study examines the current application of special care ...
Oil & Gas Drilling In National Parks, 2016 CUNY School of Public Health
Oil & Gas Drilling In National Parks, Elizabeth Ann Glass Geltman
Publications and Research
While a great deal of public attention addresses the Halliburton loophole of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and Bureau of Land Management efforts to regulate hydraulic fracturing on public lands, less attention has been paid to the National Park Service “9B Regulations,” which provide a national regulatory framework governing the exercise of nonfederal oil and gas rights in national parks. This article begins with a review of law pertaining to oil and gas drilling in national parks. The article examines the tension in striking a balance between environmental protection, conservation of national lands and achieving energy independence, including National ...
A Mixed Methods Assessment Of The Implementation Of Electronic Health Records In Local Health Departments, 2016 Georgia Southern University
A Mixed Methods Assessment Of The Implementation Of Electronic Health Records In Local Health Departments, Karmen S. Williams
Electronic Theses & Dissertations
Background: Electronic Health Record (EHR) implementation has seen great advances in health care, but the movement is leaving public health agencies behind. EHRs have shown improvement in operational and societal outcomes when implemented. Scarce allocation of resources, lack of trained staff, and security are limiters to implementation, despite the varied benefits of EHRs. The objective of this research is to establish a comprehensive view of EHR implementation in local health departments (LHDs) through assessing the status of implementation, benefits, barriers, and strategies to overcome challenges. Methods: This research uses a mixed methods approach to assess 49 key-informant interviews and 324 ...
Evaluation Of Tattoo Artists' Perceptions Of Tattoo Regulations In The United States, 2016 Georgia Southern University
Evaluation Of Tattoo Artists' Perceptions Of Tattoo Regulations In The United States, Jessica L.C. Sapp
Electronic Theses & Dissertations
Background: With the increasing popularity in recent years, tattoos are no longer considered taboo but rather becoming a mainstream mode of self-expression so the inherent risks associated with tattooing could have a greater impact on the public’s health.
Objective: The study aims to gain an understanding and describe the perceptions and opinions of tattoo artists regarding tattoo regulations in the United States.
Methods: Data were collected through an online survey using a descriptive, survey research design. Survey responses were used from 1,315 study participants.
Results: There were 5 health policy related items evaluated: 1) tattoo artists should be ...