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Bse: Risk, Uncertainty, And Policy Change, Enda Cummins, Pat Grace, Kevin McDonnell, Shane Ward 2017 University of New Hampshire

Bse: Risk, Uncertainty, And Policy Change, Enda Cummins, Pat Grace, Kevin Mcdonnell, Shane Ward

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The authors discuss how, in our "risk society," a range of potential risks and uncertainties are associated with new technologies and new diseases, such as BSE. These risks bring with them worries about human health, while the ability to assess and manage new health scares is an essential skill for government and related industries.


The Relative Value Of Measures Of Omega-3 Index, Perceived Stress, Cortisol And Sleep Time In Identifying Depression Among A Cohort Of Australian Adolescents, Ross Grant, Ayse Bilgin, Jade Guest, Margaret J. Morris, Manohar Garg, Robyn Pearce 2017 Australasian Research Institute

The Relative Value Of Measures Of Omega-3 Index, Perceived Stress, Cortisol And Sleep Time In Identifying Depression Among A Cohort Of Australian Adolescents, Ross Grant, Ayse Bilgin, Jade Guest, Margaret J. Morris, Manohar Garg, Robyn Pearce

Ross Grant

Objective: To assess the relative prognostic value of 11 variables including, omega-3, perceived stress, cortisol and sleep duration, in predicting adolescent depression. Design, Setting and Participants: A cross-sectional study of 444 healthy adolescents aged 16-18 years, from 10 schools within the Northern Sydney and Central Coast regions of New South Wales, Australia. Participants provided blood and saliva samples and completed questionnaires. Statistical classification methods were used to model the relationships between the predictors and depression. Main Outcome Measures: relative predictive value of each variable in correctly classifying depression. Results: 6% of boys and 9% of girls were categorised as experiencing ...


E-Cigarette Specialty Retailers: Data To Assess The Association Between Retail Environment And Student E-Cigarette Use, Georgiana Bostean, Catherine M. Crespi, Patsornkarn Vorapharuek, William J. McCarthy 2017 Chapman University

E-Cigarette Specialty Retailers: Data To Assess The Association Between Retail Environment And Student E-Cigarette Use, Georgiana Bostean, Catherine M. Crespi, Patsornkarn Vorapharuek, William J. Mccarthy

Sociology Faculty Articles and Research

The retail environment is a major social determinant of health, yet little is known about the e-cigarette specialty retailer environment. The e-cigarette specialty retail environment may be associated with e-cigarette use by middle and high school students, an issue that was addressed in a recent article entitled, “E-cigarette use among students and e-cigarette specialty retailer presence near schools,” by Bostean and colleagues (G. Bostean, C.M. Crespi, P. Vorapharuek, W.J. McCarthy, 2016). We present data relating to e-cigarette specialty retailers in Orange County, California. We describe the data collection method (including the search methodology to identify e-cigarette specialty retailers ...


Stroke Outreach In The Lao Community, Noor A. Dythavon 2016 University of San Francisco

Stroke Outreach In The Lao Community, Noor A. Dythavon

Master's Projects

CNL Abstract

A community health needs assessment for the service area prompted concern regarding access to quality healthcare for non-English speaking Southeast Asians (SEA) in the area. Goals of an initial investigation and subsequent implementation of sustainable stroke health fairs for non-English speaking communities were evaluated to assess primary healthcare concerns that the SEA community face and to suggest long-term solutions to these issues. Initial investigation required researching population-specific minority health statistics to quantify the prevalence of chronic diseases and conditions which were prioritized in terms of needs versus disparities. Research came from evidence base practice guidelines and personal concern ...


Mental Health Workout: Lifting Stigma, Jeremy Bambery 2016 University of San Francisco

Mental Health Workout: Lifting Stigma, Jeremy Bambery

Master's Projects

Mental illness affects one out of every five Americans between the ages 13-18, and it is estimated that two-thirds of these individuals will not seek treatment due to the stigma associated with having a mental illness or mental health issue (National Alliance on Mental Illness). Access to information and the ability to talk openly without fear will aid in creating a stigma free future. The goal of this project is to supply high school students in the San Francisco Bay Area with information regarding the stigma associated with mental health and mental illness via videos that will be used as ...


Geographical Incidence Of Antimicrobial Resistant Gonorrhea, Christofer A. Rodriguez 2016 University of San Francisco

Geographical Incidence Of Antimicrobial Resistant Gonorrhea, Christofer A. Rodriguez

Master's Projects

Evolving throughout the last century, Gonorrhea has become a superbug, becoming difficult to treat. As the second most commonly reported notifiable disease, gonorrhea rates have been increasing, despite efforts in prevention and treatment. Populations at risk are mainly MSM and FSW. In 2015, men’s gonorrhea rates in the United States were higher compared to women, at 140.9 and 107.2 per 100,000 population, respectively. Illinois has consecutively had higher rates of infection compared to the US, at 133.5 per 100,000 population compared to the US rate of 123.9 per 100,000 population. The surveillance ...


Kinder Ready: Exploring The Role Of Technology In Promoting School Readiness Among Low-Income Parents In A Clinic-Based Setting, Brenda Lu 2016 University of San Francisco

Kinder Ready: Exploring The Role Of Technology In Promoting School Readiness Among Low-Income Parents In A Clinic-Based Setting, Brenda Lu

Master's Projects

The Stanford Pediatric Advocacy Program advocates to improve the health status of children in Silicon Valley and the surrounding community. This summer, I worked on a project called Kinder Ready, with the goal of evaluating the feasibility of technology use in promoting school readiness in children ages zero to five. We used a variety of qualitative research methods, including focus groups, one-on-one interviews, and surveys to collect feedback from the community on what their children need to transition into schools. Our local participatory research approach has paved the way for many new partnerships with local organizations, while strengthening existing ones ...


Smoking Prevalence And Media Impact On Smoking Behaviors Among Adult Lgbt Persons, Christina Tuell 2016 University of Texas at Tyler

Smoking Prevalence And Media Impact On Smoking Behaviors Among Adult Lgbt Persons, Christina Tuell

Health and Kinesiology Theses

Objective: The purpose of this study is to explore the prevalence of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) smoking prevalence and to identify possible associations between smoking behavior and depictions of smoking presented in visual media programming commonly viewed by these groups.

Background: Recent studies have shown there is a higher prevalence of smoking in LGBT communities (Tang et al., 2004). Approximately 17.8% of adults age 18 or older in the U.S. smoke cigarettes; while, 26.6% - 36.0% of LGBT persons smoke. The Big Tobacco industry has been known to intentionally target sub-groups of the general population ...


Leveraging A Statewide Clinical Data Warehouse To Expand Boundaries Of The Learning Health System, Christine B. Turley 2016 Health Sciences South Carolina

Leveraging A Statewide Clinical Data Warehouse To Expand Boundaries Of The Learning Health System, Christine B. Turley

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Learning Health Systems (LHS) require accessible, usable health data and a culture of collaboration—a challenge for any single system, let alone disparate organizations, with macro- and micro-systems. Recently, the National Science Foundation described this important setting as a cyber-social ecosystem. In 2004, in an effort to create a platform for transforming health in South Carolina, Health Sciences South Carolina (HSSC) was established as a research collaboration of the largest health systems, academic medical centers and research intensive universities in South Carolina. With work beginning in 2010, HSSC unveiled an integrated Clinical Data Warehouse (CDW) in 2013 as a crucial ...


Cost Of Care For Hospitalized Patients With Pulmonary Mycobacterial Diseases In The United States., Mary Beth Wells Allen 2016 University of Louisville

Cost Of Care For Hospitalized Patients With Pulmonary Mycobacterial Diseases In The United States., Mary Beth Wells Allen

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Background: Pulmonary mycobacterial diseases describe both tuberculosis (TB) and nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). Few data are available measuring the cost burden of mycobacterial diseases on the national level. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cost burden and measure emerging trends in hospitalization of pulmonary TB and NTM in the US from 2001 through 2012. Methods: This study was a retrospective community based cost analysis of hospitalized patients with a principal diagnosis of pulmonary mycobacterial diseases from 2001 through 2012. Data for pulmonary TB and NTM were retrieved from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), US Department of ...


Applying Community-Based Participatory Research Partnership Principles To Public Health Practice-Based Research Networks, Anna G. Hoover, Nancy L. Winterbauer, Betty Bekemeier, Lisa VanRaemdonck 2016 University of Kentucky

Applying Community-Based Participatory Research Partnership Principles To Public Health Practice-Based Research Networks, Anna G. Hoover, Nancy L. Winterbauer, Betty Bekemeier, Lisa Vanraemdonck

Anna G. Hoover

With real-world relevance and translatability as important goals, applied methodological approaches have arisen along the participatory continuum that value context and empower stakeholders to partner actively with academics throughout the research process. Community-based participatory research (CBPR) provides the gold standard for equitable, partnered research in traditional communities. Practice-based research networks (PBRNs) also have developed, coalescing communities of practice and of academics to identify, study, and answer practice-relevant questions. To optimize PBRN potential for expanding scientific knowledge, while bridging divides across knowledge production, dissemination, and implementation, we elucidate how PBRN partnerships can be strengthened by applying CBPR principles to build and ...


The Relative Value Of Measures Of Omega-3 Index, Perceived Stress, Cortisol And Sleep Time In Identifying Depression Among A Cohort Of Australian Adolescents, Ross Grant, Ayse Bilgin, Jade Guest, Margaret J. Morris, Manohar Garg, Robyn Pearce 2016 Australasian Research Institute

The Relative Value Of Measures Of Omega-3 Index, Perceived Stress, Cortisol And Sleep Time In Identifying Depression Among A Cohort Of Australian Adolescents, Ross Grant, Ayse Bilgin, Jade Guest, Margaret J. Morris, Manohar Garg, Robyn Pearce

Robyn Pearce

Objective: To assess the relative prognostic value of 11 variables including, omega-3, perceived stress, cortisol and sleep duration, in predicting adolescent depression. Design, Setting and Participants: A cross-sectional study of 444 healthy adolescents aged 16-18 years, from 10 schools within the Northern Sydney and Central Coast regions of New South Wales, Australia. Participants provided blood and saliva samples and completed questionnaires. Statistical classification methods were used to model the relationships between the predictors and depression. Main Outcome Measures: relative predictive value of each variable in correctly classifying depression. Results: 6% of boys and 9% of girls were categorised as experiencing ...


Patient Portals In Pharmacist-Run Ambulatory Care Clinics: Is There “Meaningful Use”?, H. Paige Erdeljac, Melissa J. Snider, Kelly Bartsch, Raul Weiss 2016 The Arthur G. James Comprehensive Cancer Center

Patient Portals In Pharmacist-Run Ambulatory Care Clinics: Is There “Meaningful Use”?, H. Paige Erdeljac, Melissa J. Snider, Kelly Bartsch, Raul Weiss

Excerpts in Pharmacy Research Journal

Objective

The purpose of this study is to describe patient portal utilization within pharmacist-managed clinics at an academic medical center from the perspectives of the institution, healthcare team, and patient. This study measures the progress toward meeting requirements for meaningful use per the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS).

Methods

The study included patients in pharmacist-managed clinics and consisted of a retrospective chart review and patient survey. Primary endpoints consisted of: 1) report progress toward meeting CMS criteria for meaningful use in subset of patients seen in the pharmacy-managed clinics, 2) describe utilization of patient portal across the healthcare ...


The Meaning Of Fast Food To Those Experiencing Homelessness: A Phenomenology, Kari R. Gottfried 2016 Liberty University

The Meaning Of Fast Food To Those Experiencing Homelessness: A Phenomenology, Kari R. Gottfried

Senior Honors Theses

The following study was conducted to evaluate and better understand the attitudes and perceptions those experiencing homelessness have toward fast food. While previous research has studied those experiencing homelessness and their consumption of fast food, little to no research has been done to qualitatively assess what they think about fast food. This study was a qualitative phenomenology conducted through interviews with nineteen adults currently experiencing homelessness in a medium-sized city in the Mid-Atlantic U.S. Some insights those experiencing homelessness had toward fast food focused on the topics of health, cost, availability, necessity, and experience. Implications of this study include ...


Financial Hardship From Purchasing Medications For Senior Citizens Before And After The Medicare Modernization Act Of 2003 And The Patient Protection And Affordable Care Act Of 2010: Findings From 1998, 2001, And 2015, Anthony W. Olson, Jon C. Schommer, David A. Mott, Lawrence M. Brown 2016 University of Minnesota

Financial Hardship From Purchasing Medications For Senior Citizens Before And After The Medicare Modernization Act Of 2003 And The Patient Protection And Affordable Care Act Of 2010: Findings From 1998, 2001, And 2015, Anthony W. Olson, Jon C. Schommer, David A. Mott, Lawrence M. Brown

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

BACKGROUND: The Medicare Modernization Act of 2003 (Medicare Part D) added prescription drug coverage for senior citizens aged 65 years and older and applied managed care approaches to contain costs. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (ACA) had the goals of expanding health care insurance coverage and slowing growth in health care expenditures.

OBJECTIVES: To (a) describe the proportion of senior citizens who had prescription drug insurance coverage and the proportion who experienced financial hardship from purchasing medications in 2015, and (b) compare the findings with those collected in 1998 and 2001.

METHODS: Data were obtained in ...


Emergency Medical Services And Public Policy In Durban, Kwazulu-Natal, John Buyske 2016 SIT Study Abroad

Emergency Medical Services And Public Policy In Durban, Kwazulu-Natal, John Buyske

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This project seeks to explore the realities of the emergency medical system in the Durban area, particularly relative to government policy. It contextualizes its findings within the literature on public policy. Data for the project was collected via nine in-depth interviews with various professionals working in the field of emergency medical services, as well as a survey of fourteen citizens conducted in the peri-urban township of Cato Manor. This data was analyzed using qualitative methods. While every participant had different views and a different perspective on emergency services, some recurring themes and trends became evident, allowing for conclusions to be ...


Give A Man A Fish: A Narrative Approach To A Case Study Of Soup Kitchens In The Wentworth Community, Evelyn Shen 2016 SIT Study Abroad

Give A Man A Fish: A Narrative Approach To A Case Study Of Soup Kitchens In The Wentworth Community, Evelyn Shen

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This study uses a narrative approach to explore the role of soup kitchens in the predominantly Coloured and English-speaking Wentworth community. Many of the community’s churches1 and non-profit organizations host soup kitchens regularly, rotating so that there is a meal available each day of the week.

Qualitative data was gathered through volunteering with the soup kitchens as a participant observer and having conversations and open-ended interviews with soup kitchen guests and hosts. Institutional context was provided by interviews with the Convener of the War Room and the Ward Councillor, and representatives of three non-profits in the community. In order ...


The Lived Palliative Care Experiences Of Community-Dwelling Older Adults With Dementia In South Western Ontario, Kristina M. Kokorelias 2016 The University of Western Ontario

The Lived Palliative Care Experiences Of Community-Dwelling Older Adults With Dementia In South Western Ontario, Kristina M. Kokorelias

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Palliative care is often suggested for individuals with dementia, yet there remains great uncertainty surrounding best delivery of care to individuals wishing to die at home. The aim of this phenomenological study was to understand the experiences of both individuals with dementia who receive palliative care in the community, and their informal family caregivers. Hermeneutic thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews from ten participant dyads revealed key themes. The themes for older adults with dementia were: belonging at home and acceptance of terminal illness; the themes for informal caregivers were: impact of dementia, double strain and home as a source of ...


Temporal And Spatial Distribution Of Enterobius Vermicularis (Nematoda: Oxyuridae) In The Prehistoric Americas, Karl J. Reinhard, Adauto Araújo, Johnica J. Morrow 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Temporal And Spatial Distribution Of Enterobius Vermicularis (Nematoda: Oxyuridae) In The Prehistoric Americas, Karl J. Reinhard, Adauto Araújo, Johnica J. Morrow

Karl Reinhard Papers/Publications

Investigations of Enterobius sp. infection in prehistory have produced a body of data that can be used to evaluate the geographic distribution of infection through time in the Americas. Regional variations in prevalence are evident. In North America, 119 pinworm positive samples were found in 1,112 samples from 28 sites with a prevalence of 10.7%. Almost all of the positive samples came from agricultural sites. From Brazil, 0 pinworm positive samples were found in 325 samples from 7 sites. For the Andes region, 22 pinworm positive samples were found in 411 samples from 26 sites for a prevalence ...


Assessing Change In Baseline Preparedness Knowledge In Long-Term Care Facilities, Heidi L. Wheeler 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Assessing Change In Baseline Preparedness Knowledge In Long-Term Care Facilities, Heidi L. Wheeler

Theses & Dissertations

With much of the focus and federal resources in recent history going to support hospital preparedness, long-term care facilities have been left behind even though they house one of our most vulnerable populations. Few regulations and standards have required these facilities to keep pace with preparing for an increasingly volatile environment and aging society. This is changing with the proposal of new federal standards and regulations requiring more thorough and robust preparedness planning. These new requirements do not have to be overwhelming or burdensome to facilities but can be included quite simply into routine planning and training. This study looks ...


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