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Hiv Mortality Difference Between Black And White Women, CARLOS O. NESBETH, Rajiv Kandala, Syed Najeeb, Ruksana Nazneen, Banglore Murthy 2018 Meharry Medical College

Hiv Mortality Difference Between Black And White Women, Carlos O. Nesbeth, Rajiv Kandala, Syed Najeeb, Ruksana Nazneen, Banglore Murthy

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

OBJECTIVE

In the United States, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to be among the top 10 leading causes of mortality for black women between the ages of 20 and 54¹, but does not rank among the top 10 leading causes of death for white women amongst all age groups². This study describes the HIV mortality difference between black and white women and formulate hypotheses that may reduce or eliminate disparities.

METHODS

Information was accessed through public data, the US Census, and the US Compressed Mortality File.

RESULTS

In these descriptive data from 1987 through 2015, including reliable HIV mortality ...


A Cohort Study Of Public Health Insurance Coverage Loss Among Oregon Adolescents, Heather Angier MPH, Carrie Tillotson MPH, Lorraine Wallace PhD, Miguel Marino PhD, Jean O'Malley MPH, Aleksandra Sumic MPH, Lynn Baker BSEE, Christine Nelson PhD, RN, Nathalie Huguet PhD, Andrew Suchocki MD, MPH, Heather Holderness MPH, Jennifer E. DeVoe MD, DPhil 2018 Oregon Health & Science University

A Cohort Study Of Public Health Insurance Coverage Loss Among Oregon Adolescents, Heather Angier Mph, Carrie Tillotson Mph, Lorraine Wallace Phd, Miguel Marino Phd, Jean O'Malley Mph, Aleksandra Sumic Mph, Lynn Baker Bsee, Christine Nelson Phd, Rn, Nathalie Huguet Phd, Andrew Suchocki Md, Mph, Heather Holderness Mph, Jennifer E. Devoe Md, Dphil

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Churning on and off and/or experiencing coverage gaps is common among public health insurance recipients. Although the Affordable Care Act (ACA) provisions to extend parental coverage for adolescents transitioning to young adulthood on private insurance plans were implemented in 2010, no such protection was mandated for adolescents with public health insurance.

Methods: Oregon public health insurance enrollment and electronic health record data from community health centers were used to conduct a retrospective, observational cohort study of Oregon adolescents (17-19 years of age) with public coverage [January 1, 2011-December 31, 2013 (n=51,988)] to assess loss. Time-to-event ...


Lost Seasonality And Overconsumption Of Plants: Risking Oxalate Toxicity, Sally K. Norton 2018 My Food Matters, LLC

Lost Seasonality And Overconsumption Of Plants: Risking Oxalate Toxicity, Sally K. Norton

Journal of Evolution and Health

In many plants, oxalate crystals are present. These relatively large microcrystals have the potential to inflict mechanical injury. On the other hand, ionic, soluble, and nano-crystal forms of oxalate are readily absorbed. Bioaccumulation in humans is well documented. Crystals and ionic oxalate are associated with pain and both functional and chronic disorders.

Today’s many health challenges have led people to select foods purported to be healthier, many of which are high in oxalate. Modern dietary approaches have placed great emphasis on the health benefits of vegetables, nuts, and spices. Many of these are high oxalate foods that are now ...


Regulation Of Food Consumption As An Effort To Control Obesity Rates, Shelby Kantner 2018 University of Puget Sound

Regulation Of Food Consumption As An Effort To Control Obesity Rates, Shelby Kantner

Sound Decisions: An Undergraduate Bioethics Journal

This paper utilizes a rule-utilitarian framework to examine the ethical issue of food consumption regulation in the United States as an effort to control obesity rates. Rule-utilitarianism presents the idea that “a right action is one that conforms to a rule that if followed consistently, would create for everyone involved the most beneficial balance of good over bad” (Vaughn 35). Specifically, this paper argues that if the government were to enact a policy or law that required food companies and restaurants to reduce their portion sizes, this law/policy would be considered morally permissible under rule-utilitarianism theory. Doing so would ...


The Importance Of Interdisciplinarity: Redefining The Health Belief Model, Ross F. Lordo 2018 University of South Carolina

The Importance Of Interdisciplinarity: Redefining The Health Belief Model, Ross F. Lordo

Senior Theses

Throughout academia, there lacks an existence of a commonly utilized multicomponent and interdisciplinary approach in understanding our outside world. This thesis provides an analysis of the current state of interdisciplinarity and the need to develop interdisciplinary theory. Through this effort, the researcher utilizes the health belief model as a framework that is severely limited in applicable scope due to its constructs. Contrastingly, systems theory and game theory are validated as examples of theories with an interdisciplinary nature. Through the coding of the literature pertaining to the qualitative characteristics of the health belief model, game theory and systems theory, guidelines in ...


Identifying The Newly Insurable Medicaid Coverage Gap Population Under The Affordable Care Act: Who They Are And Where They Live, Samuel L. Woodruff 2018 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Identifying The Newly Insurable Medicaid Coverage Gap Population Under The Affordable Care Act: Who They Are And Where They Live, Samuel L. Woodruff

Service Learning/Capstone Experience

The goal of this Capstone Project is to better define and geographically locate the potential distribution of individuals who fall within the current Medicaid Coverage Gap and those populations who would be eligible for Medicaid under the expansion of Medicaid within the state of Nebraska. Using data from multiple United States Census Bureau sources, along with available data from the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), this project looks to also locate populations of these individuals that may live within established Medically Underserved Areas (MUA's) or Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSA's) within the state. American Community Survey 5-year ...


Policy Of Current Hospital Translation Services And Recommendations For Future Adjustments For Spanish-Speaking Patients, Isidora Rose Beach 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Policy Of Current Hospital Translation Services And Recommendations For Future Adjustments For Spanish-Speaking Patients, Isidora Rose Beach

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Exploration Of Rape Myths Among Former Military Professionals, Gabrielle Caldara 2018 East Tennessee State University

Exploration Of Rape Myths Among Former Military Professionals, Gabrielle Caldara

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Sexual violence is sometimes considered a taboo topic for discussion, but it gained widespread attention in the media in late 2017 due to the social movements addressing the sexual assault of women. However, sexual violence perpetrated against men lacks publicity in America, and highlights a similar situation in the Armed Forces. A discussion of sexually violent acts committed against men is sometimes impeded by cultural norms. This discrepancy associated with civilian and military communities inspired this exploratory study.

A convenience sample of 520 former American military professionals completed an anonymous online survey to describe their attitudes and beliefs regarding rape ...


Dispensing Medical Countermeasures In Public Health Emergencies Via Home Health Agencies And Points Of Distribution, Anna Hudgeons 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Dispensing Medical Countermeasures In Public Health Emergencies Via Home Health Agencies And Points Of Distribution, Anna Hudgeons

Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

A major concern regarding emergency preparedness on the state government level involves the handling and dispensing of the Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) of medicinal supplies. Each state is required to update and maintain a plan of action for dispensing SNS materials that would effectively provide care to the state’s population in times of distress. This research evaluates a state’s ability to dispense an adequate amount of medicine to her population in a timely manner, specifically after it has been received by the state government. Although simulation modeling has previously been utilized to replicate the dispensing process at pre-designated ...


Transportation And Distribution Of Strategic National Stockpile Supplies In A Public Health Emergency, Olivia A. Goss 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Transportation And Distribution Of Strategic National Stockpile Supplies In A Public Health Emergency, Olivia A. Goss

Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the event of a public health emergency in the United States, it is important that public

authorities are equipped to distribute medical supplies to every person in need as quickly as

possible. Federal guidelines state that all persons in an area affected by a public health

emergency should receive their medical countermeasures within 48 hours of the emergency’s

declaration. While the CDC has determined a general dispensing plan for each state and county

to follow, it is ultimately up to the state and county to formalize and implement detailed plans.

A body of academic literature focuses on optimizing ...


High Maternal Dietary Glycemic Index And Sugar Consumption And Their Association With Birth Defects And Pregnancy Complications, Nicole Thornton 2018 Carroll College

High Maternal Dietary Glycemic Index And Sugar Consumption And Their Association With Birth Defects And Pregnancy Complications, Nicole Thornton

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Objective: The purpose of this systematic review was to look at existing peer reviewed articles regarding high maternal dietary glycemic index (DGI) and/or sugar consumption (including glucose, fructose, and sucrose) and the risk for birth defects or pregnancy complications.

Methods: PubMed was the primary database used to search for relevant articles. Other related articles were found in the reference sections of the articles screened in the original search.

Results: Nine case-control and cohort studies were used in this review. Five of the six case-control studies found a significant risk between high maternal DGI and/or sugar intake and birth ...


Long-Term Care Of Elderly Citizens: A Comparative Study, Kerri McInnis 2018 Carroll College

Long-Term Care Of Elderly Citizens: A Comparative Study, Kerri Mcinnis

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Recently, countries around the world have experienced an exponential increase in the number of senior citizens. This unfathomable demographic change is only expected to intensify in the coming years. Countries in the western hemisphere have implemented very different strategies in an effort to cope with the new demands presented by the aging population and demographic shift. The norm in the United States is providing institutional care in either assisted livings or nursing homes, whereas the norm in Latin American countries is offering familial care and multigenerational coresidence. The aim of this study is to compare the benefits and shortcomings of ...


Recovering Parasites From Mummies And Coprolites: An Epidemiological Approach, Morgana Camacho, Adauto Araújo, Johnica J. Morrow, Jane E. Buikstra, Karl Reinhard 2018 Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca/Fundação Oswaldo Cruz

Recovering Parasites From Mummies And Coprolites: An Epidemiological Approach, Morgana Camacho, Adauto Araújo, Johnica J. Morrow, Jane E. Buikstra, Karl Reinhard

Karl Reinhard Papers/Publications

In the field of archaeological parasitology, researchers have long documented the distribution of parasites in archaeological time and space through the analysis of coprolites and human remains. This area of research defined the origin and migration of parasites through presence/absence studies. By the end of the 20th century, the field of pathoecology had emerged as researchers developed an interest in the ancient ecology of parasite transmission. Supporting studies were conducted to establish the relationships between parasites and humans, including cultural, subsistence, and ecological reconstructions. Parasite prevalence data were collected to infer the impact of parasitism on human health. In ...


(Video) Differences In Psychosocial And Behavioral Risk Profiles Of Cigarette Smokers And E-Cigarette Users Among Minnesota Adolescents: 2016, Tara E. Jenson 2018 George Washington University

(Video) Differences In Psychosocial And Behavioral Risk Profiles Of Cigarette Smokers And E-Cigarette Users Among Minnesota Adolescents: 2016, Tara E. Jenson

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Background/Objectives: Rates of cigarette smoking among adolescents have been trending downward, however rates of adolescent e-cigarette use rates are now twice those of adolescent cigarette smoking nationally. The objective of this study was to examine the association of demographic, socioeconomic, psychosocial and health behavioral factors as surveyed by the Minnesota Student Survey with cigarette smoking and e-cigarette use among Minnesota adolescents.

Methods: This study analyzed the 2016 Minnesota Student Survey (MSS), an anonymous, school-based, cross-sectional survey of students in grades five, eight, nine and eleven. The 2016 MSS contains a total of 168,733 records, 118,198 of which ...


Family Impact Seminar 2018: The Kids Are Not All Right: Policy Options To Address Youth Trauma In Massachusetts, Denise A. Hines Ph.D, Laurie Ross Ph.D, Marianne Sarkis Ph.D 2018 Clark University

Family Impact Seminar 2018: The Kids Are Not All Right: Policy Options To Address Youth Trauma In Massachusetts, Denise A. Hines Ph.D, Laurie Ross Ph.D, Marianne Sarkis Ph.D

Mosakowski Institute for Public Enterprise

Family Impact Seminars are a series of annual seminars, briefing reports, and discussion sessions that provide up-to-date, solution-oriented research on current issues for state legislators and their aides. The seminars provide objective, nonpartisan research on current issues and do not lobby for particular policies. Seminar participants discuss policy options and identify common ground where it exists.

The Kids are NOT All Right: Policy Options to Address Youth Trauma in Massachusetts is the ninth Massachusetts Family Impact Seminar. Today’s seminar is designed to emphasize a family perspective in policymaking on issues related to early intervention in childhood trauma, sex trafficking ...


Prevalence Of Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertension, And Dyslipidemia In Student-Run Screening Clinics For Rural Communities In The Sierra Norte Of Puebla, Mexico, Sean Navin, Daniel M. Tomaszewski 2018 University of Minnesota - Duluth

Prevalence Of Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertension, And Dyslipidemia In Student-Run Screening Clinics For Rural Communities In The Sierra Norte Of Puebla, Mexico, Sean Navin, Daniel M. Tomaszewski

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background: The growing prevalence of hypertension (HTN), diabetes mellitus (DM), and in Mexico highlights the need for preventative health care services. Rural communities worldwide lack access to such services. The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of HTN, DM, and dyslipidemia in student-run screening clinics in rural communities of the Sierra Norte of Puebla, Mexico to better understand the role the clinics play for the patients served.

Methods: Data were collected from patients from rural, Mexican towns participating in free pharmacy student-run screening clinics. Patients consented to have their de-identified information pooled for re-search. Screenings included blood ...


The Health Belief Model And Preventive Measures: A Study Of The Ministry Of Health Campaign On Coronavirus In Saudi Arabia, Saud A. Alsulaiman, Terry L. Rentner 2018 Bowling Green State University

The Health Belief Model And Preventive Measures: A Study Of The Ministry Of Health Campaign On Coronavirus In Saudi Arabia, Saud A. Alsulaiman, Terry L. Rentner

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

As of August 2017, approximately 684 people have died in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia since the coronavirus Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV) outbreak in 2012. Saudi Arabia became the leading country for the number of illnesses and deaths related to MERS-CoV, making this a health megacrisis. Early Ministry of Health (MOH) communication efforts proved ineffective and created anger, confusion, and mistrust. Changes in command, implementation of new guidelines and policies, and a health preventive campaign have been instrumental in the fight. The MOH launched the “We Can Stop It” campaign in 2015. This study shares results from a survey ...


Supporting Medicaid In Virginia, Scott Burns 2018 Tidewater Community College

Supporting Medicaid In Virginia, Scott Burns

Exigence

This report analyzes Medicaid in Virginia, the needs-based social health insurance program providing health coverage to children, pregnant women, working parents, the disabled, and elderly who cannot afford health costs on their own. It supports the value of the Medicaid program to these beneficiaries’ long term health, the healthcare sector, cost control and Virginia’s economy. Additionally, it analyzes healthcare policy looking at what effects the Affordable Care Act has had in improving healthcare access and what effects healthcare reform under president-elect Donald Trump’s administration and the Republican controlled 115th United States Congress might have targeting healthcare cost ...


Wdph 2017 Summer Internship Report, Lauren Meininger 2018 Clark University

Wdph 2017 Summer Internship Report, Lauren Meininger

Mosakowski Institute for Public Enterprise

In the spring of 2014, the Worcester Division of Public Health, UMass Memorial Health Care, and Clark University’s Mosakowski Institute for Public Enterprise joined forces to begin developing a partnership that would combine academic resources, student input, and public health needs in the City of Worcester. Founders of this program were motivated to seek and implement innovative interventions for public health issues while simultaneously inspiring a new generation of public health professionals.

Each year, the Academic Health Collaborative of Worcester (AHCW) brings in student interns to work on the pressing public health issues of the moment. Interns work alongside ...


Intellectual Property And Public Health – A White Paper, Ryan G. Vacca, Jim Chen, Jay Dratler Jr., Tom Folsom, Timothy Hall, Yaniv Heled, Frank Pasquale, Elizabeth Reilly, Jeff Samuels, Kathy Strandburg, Kara Swanson, Andrew Torrance, Katharine Van Tassel 2018 University of Akron School of Law

Intellectual Property And Public Health – A White Paper, Ryan G. Vacca, Jim Chen, Jay Dratler Jr., Tom Folsom, Timothy Hall, Yaniv Heled, Frank Pasquale, Elizabeth Reilly, Jeff Samuels, Kathy Strandburg, Kara Swanson, Andrew Torrance, Katharine Van Tassel

Katharine Van Tassel

On October 26, 2012, the University of Akron School of Law’s Center for Intellectual Property and Technology hosted its Sixth Annual IP Scholars Forum. In attendance were thirteen legal scholars with expertise and an interest in IP and public health who met to discuss problems and potential solutions at the intersection of these fields. This report summarizes this discussion by describing the problems raised, areas of agreement and disagreement between the participants, suggestions and solutions made by participants and the subsequent evaluations of these suggestions and solutions.

Led by the moderator, participants at the Forum focused generally on three ...


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