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Evaluation Of Corn Processing Method And Sweet Bran Inclusion On Beef Cattle Performance And Nutrient Digestion And Individual Sweet Bran Components On Nutrient Digestion, Rebecca L. Sjostrand 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Evaluation Of Corn Processing Method And Sweet Bran Inclusion On Beef Cattle Performance And Nutrient Digestion And Individual Sweet Bran Components On Nutrient Digestion, Rebecca L. Sjostrand

Theses and Dissertations in Animal Science

One feedlot trial (Exp. 1) and one digestion trial (Exp. 2) were conducted to evaluate the interaction of corn processing method and Sweet Bran inclusion on nutrient digestion, ruminal fermentation parameters, and feedlot performance. In Exp. 1 when no Sweet Bran was fed, cattle fed steam-flaked corn (SFC) had greater ADG, HCW and a 12.4% improvement in feed efficiency compared to cattle fed a high-moisture corn/ dry-rolled corn (HMC/DRC) blend. However, as Sweet Bran increased in the diet to 40%, cattle fed HMC/DRC had greater improvements in ADG and HCW than cattle fed SFC resulting in similar ...


The Influence Of Temperature And Body Size On Food Consumption In Prairie Lizards (Sceloporus Consobrinus), Morgan Pelley 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Influence Of Temperature And Body Size On Food Consumption In Prairie Lizards (Sceloporus Consobrinus), Morgan Pelley

Biological Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses

Understanding the effect of temperature on physiological and digestive processes, such as voluntary consumption rate, is critical for assessing the impact of climate change. Food consumption is required for lizard survival and reproduction and its rate is dependent on temperature. For ectotherms, as temperatures increase, the amount of food consumed to meet the energy requirements related to survival and reproduction must also increase. Information on the amount of food voluntarily consumed may aid in determining if lizards can meet energy requirements. Such information could also aid in predicting survival of lizard populations, through construction of predictive climate change models. In ...


Evaluation Of Selected Nuproxa Feed Additives For Protection Against Lameness And Improving The Wellbeing Of Broilers In A Lameness Challenge Model, Jaren Hernandez 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Evaluation Of Selected Nuproxa Feed Additives For Protection Against Lameness And Improving The Wellbeing Of Broilers In A Lameness Challenge Model, Jaren Hernandez

Biological Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses

A common concern in commercial industries profiting from broiler chickens is their inability to yield a completely healthy flock. Bacterial Chondronecrosis with Osteomyelitis poses a threat to these companies by impairing the birds' proximal and distal tibial and femoral heads. In 2000, roughly 17.3% of broiler chickens were affected by Bacterial Chondronecrosis with Osteomyelitis which caused a substantial economic loss in the industry (McNammee et al., 2000). BCO cannot be tied to a particular bacterial species; this experiment focuses on evaluating the efficacy of certain commercial feed additives while determining the bacterial species causing BCO in this set of ...


Methods For Assessing Cellular Phenotypes Related To Aging And Longevity In Turtles, Stephanie E. Bulls 2022 University of South Alabama

Methods For Assessing Cellular Phenotypes Related To Aging And Longevity In Turtles, Stephanie E. Bulls

Theses and Dissertations

There are many costs associated with increased body size and longevity in animals, including the accumulation of genotoxic and cytotoxic damage that comes with having more cells and living longer. Yet, some species have overcome these barriers and have evolved remarkably large body sizes and long lifespans. Organisms with these unique phenotypes have come under recent genomic scrutiny to discover mechanisms of healthy aging and tumor suppression but little physiological work to validate these mechanisms has been conducted outside of mammals. Here I propose that reptiles, especially testudines (turtles), would be an excellent system to investigate the topics of size ...


Impact Of Ph And Palmitic Acid On Ruminal Fermentation And Microbial Community Composition, Lexie Padilla 2022 Utah State University

Impact Of Ph And Palmitic Acid On Ruminal Fermentation And Microbial Community Composition, Lexie Padilla

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of dietary palmitic acid and pH on rumen fermentation, fiber digestibility, and bacterial community composition. The two factors in the experiment were palmitic acid treatment and pH treatment. Palmitic acid treatments included a control diet compared to a diet containing 1.5% palmitic acid. pH treatments included normal pH (6.6 to 7.0) compared to low pH (6.0 to 6.4). Rumen fluid from a cow was added to artificial rumens to study the effects of the two treatments relative to fermentation and changes within the microbial community ...


The Relationship Between People And The Tegu: A Review Of The Literature, Jordan Haley 2022 Murray State University

The Relationship Between People And The Tegu: A Review Of The Literature, Jordan Haley

Honors College Theses

This thesis will explore the relationship humans have had with tegu lizards and how it has evolved over time, from their historical use as a source of leather and bushmeat in South America to their more recent rise in the pet trade and consequential establishment as an invasive species in the United States.


Relative Palatability And Efficacy Of Brodifacoum-25d Conservation Rodenticide Pellets For Mouse Eradication On Midway Atoll, Peter J. Kappes, Shane R. Siers, Israel L. Leinbach, Robert T. Sugihara, Wesley J. Jolley, Jonathan H. Plissner, Elizabeth N. Flint, Kelly L. Goodale, Gregg R. Howald 2022 USDA APHIS National Wildlife Research Center

Relative Palatability And Efficacy Of Brodifacoum-25d Conservation Rodenticide Pellets For Mouse Eradication On Midway Atoll, Peter J. Kappes, Shane R. Siers, Israel L. Leinbach, Robert T. Sugihara, Wesley J. Jolley, Jonathan H. Plissner, Elizabeth N. Flint, Kelly L. Goodale, Gregg R. Howald

USDA Wildlife Services - Staff Publications

Invasive mice (Mus spp.) can negatively impact island species and ecosystems. Because fewer island rodent eradications have been attempted for mice compared to rats (Rattus spp.), less is known about efficacy and palatability of rodenticide baits for mouse eradications. We performed a series of bait acceptance and efficacy cage trials using a standard formulation of brodifacoum-based rodenticide on wild-caught mice from Sand Island, Midway Atoll, to help inform a proposed eradication there. Mice were offered ad libitum brodifacoum pellets along with various alternative food sources, and a “no choice” treatment group received only bait pellets. Mortality in the no choice ...


Liquid Chromatography With Tandem Mass Spectrometry Method Development For The Determination Of Β–Defensins In Bovine Milk, Symone T. Whalin 2022 Western Kentucky University

Liquid Chromatography With Tandem Mass Spectrometry Method Development For The Determination Of Β–Defensins In Bovine Milk, Symone T. Whalin

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Bovine mastitis, caused by a wide array of pathogens, results in a substantial economic loss for the dairy cattle livestock industry. β-defensins are a part of the bovine’s innate immune system and act as the first line of defense against mastitis. Only foundational research has been done on β-defensins’ ability to treat and prevent mastitis. There have been no analytical methods reported in the literature for analyzing β-defensins in bovine milk. This research aims to create an analytical approach to determine β-defensins in bovine milk. It is challenging to determine an analyte in a complex sample matrix, and milk ...


Effects Of Providing Novel Feedstuffs To Livestock On Production And Skeletal Muscle Growth, Laura A. Motsinger 2022 Utah State University

Effects Of Providing Novel Feedstuffs To Livestock On Production And Skeletal Muscle Growth, Laura A. Motsinger

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

As the population increases and available land for food production decreases, it is necessary for livestock producers to continually work towards increasing livestock production efficiency. In livestock operations, feed accounts for the majority of input costs associated with raising livestock. As such, it is necessary to improve growth and production of livestock animals, while also optimizing feed utilization. Different feedstuffs can be included in the diet of livestock animals to maximize growth and production. However, the effects of some of these novel feedstuffs on growth and production of livestock animals has not been elucidated. As such, we investigated the effects ...


Greater Sage-Grouse Brood Responses To Livestock Grazing In Sagebrush Rangelands, Hailey Peatross Wayment 2022 Utah State University

Greater Sage-Grouse Brood Responses To Livestock Grazing In Sagebrush Rangelands, Hailey Peatross Wayment

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The distribution and abundance of the greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus; sage-grouse) have declined in the last 60 years. Range contractions and population declines have been attributed to loss and fragmentation of their sagebrush (Artemisia spp.) habitats. Grazing by livestock remains the predominant anthropogenic land-use across sagebrush ecosystems in North America, occurring on 87% of remaining sage-grouse habitat. Most of the peer-reviewed literature reports the potential for negative impacts of sagebrush reduction treatments, to increase livestock forage, on sage-grouse habitat. However, few studies have linked livestock grazing at the landscape level to vital rates (e.g., nest initiation rates, nest success ...


A Most Unusual Tail: Scoliosis In A Wild Australian Skink, And Reported Incidences And Suggested Causes Of Similar Malformations Amongst Squamates, Philip W. Bateman, Robyn Benken, Ryan Glowacki, Robert A. Davis 2022 Edith Cowan University

A Most Unusual Tail: Scoliosis In A Wild Australian Skink, And Reported Incidences And Suggested Causes Of Similar Malformations Amongst Squamates, Philip W. Bateman, Robyn Benken, Ryan Glowacki, Robert A. Davis

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Malformations of vertebrae potentially occur across many taxa, particularly in Testudines, which are susceptible to kyphosis (dorsoventral curvature of the spine). Such malformations may stem from either genetic or environmental origins, and their prevalence and associated impacts on survival remain poorly understood. However, scoliosis (sideways curvature of the spine) is rarely reported and especially so in wild lizards. We report here on the first known case of scoliosis in a wild Australian lizard, the skink Ctenotus fallens, from Perth, Western Australia. This occurrence is the first of 805 individuals captured in a natural population monitored annually for the past 11 ...


Evaluating The Microbial Quality And Use Of Antimicrobials In Raw Pet Foods, Leslie Pearl Cancio 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Evaluating The Microbial Quality And Use Of Antimicrobials In Raw Pet Foods, Leslie Pearl Cancio

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Raw meat-based diets (RMBDs) are emerging pet foods that pose food safety risks because of the potential presence of pathogens that could cause illness to humans. In this research, the microbial quality of select RMBD products sold by pet food companies online and the use of chemical antimicrobials to reduce the microbial load in chicken liver, a common RMBD ingredient, were evaluated.

Ground meat blends and livers from four animal species (beef, pork, chicken, turkey) were purchased from four online companies that delivers directly to consumers through parcel businesses. Products were procured at three different times during one year and ...


Comparing Genetic Diversity Along Populations Of Rock Sandpipers (Calidris Ptilocnemis), Hyland Alfonso 2022 Ouachita Baptist University

Comparing Genetic Diversity Along Populations Of Rock Sandpipers (Calidris Ptilocnemis), Hyland Alfonso

Scholars Day Conference

Rock Sandpipers (Calidris ptilocnemis) are a shorebird species only found in the North Pacific Basin (Ruthrauff, et al. 2019; Fig. 1, 2). There are four subspecies of Rock Sandpipers, C. p. couesi, C. p. quarta, C. p. tschuktschorum, and C. p. Ptilocnemis (Gibson & Withrow, 2015). Of these four subspecies, three have an overall conservation category of moderately high with a current unknown status and high biological vulnerability due to environmental disturbances (ACCS at UAA, 2018). The three subspecies compared for differences in their genetic diversity and population relatedness were C.p. couesi, C.p. tschuktschorum, and C.p. ptilocnemis. The ...


Chronic Wasting Disease In Deer And Elk Herds In Arkansas, Baker Kendrick 2022 Ouachita Baptist University

Chronic Wasting Disease In Deer And Elk Herds In Arkansas, Baker Kendrick

Scholars Day Conference

This presentation gives a broad introduction to Chronic Wasting Disease. It goes over what the disease is and its history, symptoms, how it works on a molecular level, effects on the hunting industry, host range, management and regulation, transmission, treatment, and research.


Genomic Analysis Of Metabolic Differences Found In Clostridium Perfringens That Cause Necrotic Enteritis In Poultry, Connor Aylor 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Genomic Analysis Of Metabolic Differences Found In Clostridium Perfringens That Cause Necrotic Enteritis In Poultry, Connor Aylor

Dissertations & Theses in Veterinary and Biomedical Science

Clostridium perfringens is a common member of gut microbiota in healthy animals, but can also be an important pathogen in human and veterinary medicine. It produces several protein toxins that contribute to both histotoxic and enteric diseases in animals. Necrotic enteritis in poultry has been associated with the NetB toxin of C. perfringens; however, this toxin alone is insufficient to cause disease in infected chickens. While considerable research has focused on the presence of toxins and virulence factors, little has been done to assess the function of metabolic factors on the ability of the bacteria to cause disease. In this ...


Protective Effects Of Artemisinin On The Placenta Of L-Name Induced Preeclampsia In Rat, hanan eissa el shafey hanan 2022 Mansoura University

Protective Effects Of Artemisinin On The Placenta Of L-Name Induced Preeclampsia In Rat, Hanan Eissa El Shafey Hanan

Delta University Scientific Journal

Background: Preeclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy induced hypertensive disorder and an important cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. It affects about 3 - 8% of all pregnancies worldwide. Placental factors that arise from placental hypoxia/ischemia set off molecular and cellular cascades, resulting in vascular endothelial dysfunction.

Objective: The aim of study was to clarify the possible protective effect of Artemisinin (ART) on the placenta of L-NAME induced PE in rats and to explore possible involved mechanisms.

Method: Thirty pregnant female Sparge Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups (10 rats/each): The control group, PE-group, and ART ...


Carboplatin And Thalidomide Induced Neuro-Hepatotoxicity In Rats: Diminish Effect Of Citrullus Colocynthis, Mokhtar Ibrahim Yousef Ph.D., Sarah Samir Othman Ph.D., Moustafa Ahmed F.H. Mahdy Ph.d., Dina K.A.M. Khalil Ph.d., Maher Abd El-naby Kamel Ph.D. 2022 Department of Environmental Studies, Institute of Graduate Studies and Research, Alexandria University, Egypt., Delta University for Science and Technology, Gamasa City, Coastal International Road, Mansoura, Egypt.

Carboplatin And Thalidomide Induced Neuro-Hepatotoxicity In Rats: Diminish Effect Of Citrullus Colocynthis, Mokhtar Ibrahim Yousef Ph.D., Sarah Samir Othman Ph.D., Moustafa Ahmed F.H. Mahdy Ph.D., Dina K.A.M. Khalil Ph.D., Maher Abd El-Naby Kamel Ph.D.

Delta University Scientific Journal

Carboplatin and thalidomide are good candidate’s treatments against many types of cancer. Latest studies demonstrated that these chemotherapeutic druges caused oxidative damage. So, the present study was conducted to estimate the neurotoxic and hepatotoxic effects induced by carboplatin/ thalidomide regimen and to explore the potential protective effect of Citrillus colocynthis extract (CCE). The obtained results showed that carboplatin/thalidomide induced histological changes, caused significant elevation in serum liver enzymes, decline in brain and plasma neurotransmitters, and increase in acetylcholine esterase. At the molecular level, thalidomide/carboplatin caused marked elevation in inflammatory and apoptotic markers and suppressed the expression of ...


Animal Care Observation Internship, Chandler Carr 2022 Ohio Wesleyan University

Animal Care Observation Internship, Chandler Carr

Student Symposium

Zoos contain a wide variety of animals that each have idiosyncratic behavioral patterns, personalities and preferences. Unlike scientific literature, which tends to focus on the population, zoos take the wants and needs of individuals as priority. It would, thus, be beneficial for the zoo to have a detailed account of individual behavior throughout the day so the zoo knows how best to care for individuals. However, it is very likely that a few zookeepers watch over several animals at a time and have tasks to perform throughout the day. Watching and documenting specific behaviors at a specific time is a ...


Phenotype Characterization Of Sas-7(Or1945) C. Elegans, Chase Reinert 2022 Ohio Wesleyan University

Phenotype Characterization Of Sas-7(Or1945) C. Elegans, Chase Reinert

Student Symposium

The ability to form a bipolar spindle is crucial for accurate cell division. In the nematode C. elegans several genes have been described with roles in spindle assembly including sas-7. The centriole is a key organizer of mitotic spindles. The sas-7 protein is a centriole component that regulates centriole duplication, elongation, and assembly. To date, most work on sas-7 was using a conditional non-null allele. In this study, phenotypes associated with the loss-of-function sas-7(or1945) null allele were characterized. Homozygous sas-7(or1945) hermaphrodites have reduced brood sizes with no viable embryos compared to wild-type and heterozygotes. When they do produce ...


Wildlife Rehabilitation Internship At Ohio Wildlife Center, Chase Reinert, Cassady Wolfinger 2022 Ohio Wesleyan University

Wildlife Rehabilitation Internship At Ohio Wildlife Center, Chase Reinert, Cassady Wolfinger

Student Symposium

Ohio Wildlife Center treats approximately 8,000 sick, orphaned, or injured native Ohio wildlife every year. Throughout the spring semester, we completed a three-month internship to learn all aspects of wildlife rehabilitation. During our time at the Ohio Wildlife Center, we learned basic handling skills of a variety of species, including orphaned animals. Spring is the busiest time of year and most of our time was consumed with doing intake exams and tube feedings of infant animals. In addition to the wildlife hospital, the Ohio Wildlife Center has a pre-release facility located in Powell. Once a patient is deemed healthy ...


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