Bio-Economies Of Scope And The Discard Problem In Multiple Species Fisheries, 2016 Iowa State University
Bio-Economies Of Scope And The Discard Problem In Multiple Species Fisheries, Rajesh Singh, Quinn Weninger
This paper considers the problem of multi-species fisheries management when targeting individual species is costly and at-sea discards of fish by fishermen are unobserved by the regulator. Stock conditions, ecosystem interaction, technological specification, and relative prices under which at sea discards are acute are identified. A dynamic model is developed to balance ecological interdependencies among multiple fish species, and scope economies implicit in a costly targeting technology. Three regulatory regimes, species-specific harvest quotas, landing taxes, and revenue quotas, are contrasted against a hypothetical sole owner problem. An optimal plan under all regimes precludes discarding. For both very low and very ...
Health Transfers: An Application Of Health-Health Analysis To Assess Food Safety Regulations, 2016 University of New Hampshire
Health Transfers: An Application Of Health-Health Analysis To Assess Food Safety Regulations, Fred Kuchler, Jackqueline L. Teague, Richard A. Williams, Don W. Anderson
RISK: Health, Safety & Environment
The authors apply a Health-Health Analysis to risks associated with harvesting Gulf oysters to evaluate that approach to managing health and safety risks.
Techno-Economic Analysis (Tea) Of Extruded Aquafeeds, 2016 Iowa State University
Techno-Economic Analysis (Tea) Of Extruded Aquafeeds, Rashid A. Suleiman, Chenxu Yu, Kurt A. Rosentrater
The worldwide decline and overexploitation of ocean fisheries stocks had provided incentive for rapid growth of aquaculture. The aquaculture industry has been recognized as the fastest-growing food production system globally, with a 10% increases in production per year, and is one of the most reliable and sustainable growth markets for manufactured feeds. Extrusion technology has been extensively used in the modern aquatic feed manufacturing, due to nutritional, physical properties improvements and cost effectiveness of feeds. Cost related to aquatic feed remains the biggest challenge, especially for small-scale producers. In this study a single screw extruders and three different scenarios (i ...
Potential Benefits Of Rights-Based Management In The Reef Fish Fishery, 2016 Iowa State University
Potential Benefits Of Rights-Based Management In The Reef Fish Fishery, Quinn Weninger, James R. Waters
The sad truth is that direct regulations have not eliminated overfishing but instead increased fishing costs for fishermen risking their lives on the high seas. The good news is that there is a better way to manage our ocean fisheries. Property rights approaches, such as individual transferable quotas (ITQs) and private harvest agreements are proving highly effective in restoring health and sanity to a host of fisheries around the globe. This book traces such developments and addresses the remaining obstacles to the continued development of property rights in ocean fisheries.
Early Nutritional Programming To Enhance The Utilization Of Plant Based Diets In Fish (Largemouth Bass, Micropterus Salmoides), 2016 Kentucky State University
Early Nutritional Programming To Enhance The Utilization Of Plant Based Diets In Fish (Largemouth Bass, Micropterus Salmoides), Maya Rene Jackson, Amit Kumar Yadav, Waldemar Rossi
Aquaculture has been the fastest growing animal food-producing sector for over half a century. Sustainable aquaculture should include replacement of fish-based feed sources by plant-based ingredients. However, this approach is often impeded by poor growth in carnivorous fish such as largemouth bass (LMB, Micropterus salmoides) fed high levels of plant-based protein. Therefore, our overall goal of the present work was to develop alternative methods of utilizing the plant-based diets (PBD) for sustainable LMB production. When fish is exposed to PBD early in their life, they may accept them more efficiently at later stages (so called Nutritional Programing, NP). Therefore, we ...
Fish Names Variability Traces The Geo-Historical Dynamics Of Moroccan Fishermen Communities, 2016 Institut National de Recherche Halieutique - Morocco
Fish Names Variability Traces The Geo-Historical Dynamics Of Moroccan Fishermen Communities, Hicham Masski, Abdelaziz Ait Hammou
Journal of Ecological Anthropology
Fish vernacular names in Morocco needs a structuring system. Though used widely, these names are highly variable and do not necessarily meet trade requirements. The 138 species considered in this study have 691 vernacular names and the vernacular names lists of the 16 study sites show large disparities. The most part of this variability is of linguistic origin coming from four geographic regions and thus cultural groups. Even if possible, the adoption of a unique standard, which is the goal of the national fisheries regulation authorities, might encounter resistance to its dissemination throughout fishermen and the local population.
Testing Raised Food Lines In Virginia's Striped Bass Fishery: A Gear Based Method Of Reducing Sturgeon Interactions In Anchored Gillnets, 2016 Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Testing Raised Food Lines In Virginia's Striped Bass Fishery: A Gear Based Method Of Reducing Sturgeon Interactions In Anchored Gillnets, Thomas J. Murray
Working with commercial fishermen and scientists, the project evaluated the efficacy of altering net designs to achieve reductions in incidental contacts with protected species while maintaining harvest efficiency. In addition project participants assisted in the transfer of the new gear technology to industry as a gear-based method to reduce sturgeon interactions in gillnets targeting striped bass. The intent was to raise the effective fishing depth (webbing) of anchored gillnets interactions with protected Atlantic sturgeon while not impacting direct harvest of striped bass, the target species. The gear was shown to not impact Catch Per Unit Effort (CPUE) of the directed ...
Calibration Of Vims Research Vessel Catch Data To Ensure Continuity Of Recruitment Indices For The Chesapeake Bay Region, 2016 Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Calibration Of Vims Research Vessel Catch Data To Ensure Continuity Of Recruitment Indices For The Chesapeake Bay Region, Mary C. Fabrizio, Troy D. Tuckey
The VIMS Juvenile Fish Trawl Survey, which has been in operation since 1955, has undergone considerable changes to the sampling gear, location of sampling sites, and the methodology used to select sampling sites. Recently, a new vessel, the R/V Tidewater, replaced the R/V Fish Hawk, which had been in service for 25 years. In addition to the change in vessel, a new net was used; this net design is more robust to deployment methods and performs more consistently under varying environmental conditions. Therefore, a calibration study was conducted whereby the two research vessels with different nets fished in ...
Understanding The Impact Of Commercial Harvest On White Suckers (Catostomus Commersonii) In Maine, 2016 University of Maine - Main
Understanding The Impact Of Commercial Harvest On White Suckers (Catostomus Commersonii) In Maine, Megan A. Begley
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The State of Maine issues an unlimited number of commercial permits for the harvest of White Suckers Catostomus commersonii in Maine’s inland waters. The fishery provides a necessary source of fresh lobster Homarus americanus bait to coastal communities at a time when other bait sources are scarce. The impacts of the increasing number of permits and subsequent numbers of fishermen on the white sucker population is unknown. The Maine Department on Inland Fisheries and Wildlife (MDIFW) has closed a number of waters due to concerns that overfishing and incidental catch of other fish species may occur.
In Chapter 1 ...
Comparison Of Predicted And Observed Dioxin Levels In Fish: Implications For Risk Assessment, 2016 University of New Hampshire
Comparison Of Predicted And Observed Dioxin Levels In Fish: Implications For Risk Assessment, Judy S. Lakind, Daniel Q. Naiman
RISK: Health, Safety & Environment
After comparing sampled and modelled dioxin levels in the tissue of fish near pulp and paper mill discharges, the authors argue that, until an improved bioaccumulation model is incorporated into EPA's Risk assessment process, determination of human health Risks associated with consuming dioxin-contaminated fish should be based on sampling.
Initial Observations On The Inclusion Of High Protein Distillers Dried Grain Into Rainbow Trout Diets, 2016 South Dakota Department of Game, Fish and Parks
Initial Observations On The Inclusion Of High Protein Distillers Dried Grain Into Rainbow Trout Diets, Michael E. Barnes, Michael L. Brown, Kurt A. Rosentrater
Kurt A. Rosentrater
An initial investigation into the inclusion of high protein distillers dried grain with solubles (HPDDG) in juvenile rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss diets was conducted during a 36-day feeding trial. Four experimental diets containing either 10% or 20% HPDDG with supplemental amino acids, and either with or without phytase, were compared to a fish-meal-based, non-HPDDG, diet. There was no significant difference among any of the diets in total weight gain, percent weight gain, feed conversion ratio, or percent mortality. There was also no significant difference in length, weight, condition factor, hepatosomatic index, viscerosomatic index, or any fish health parameter in fishes ...
Assessing Ecological And Economic Effects Of Derelict Fishing Gear: A Guiding Framework, 2016 CSS-Dynamac, Inc.
Assessing Ecological And Economic Effects Of Derelict Fishing Gear: A Guiding Framework, Christopher F.G. Jeffrey, Kirk J. Havens, H. Ward Slacum Jr., Donna Marie Bilkovic, Danielle Zaveta, Andrew M. Scheld, Sean Willard, John D. Evans
Developing standardized protocols to assess the ecological and socio-economic effects of marine debris – especially, derelict fishing gear – is critical for the protection of natural resources and for evaluating policies and programs designed to reduce and remove debris. This document outlines a Derelict Fishing Gear Assessment Framework to guide the development and implementation of derelict gear assessment, management and mitigation. The framework draws from techniques and protocols developed to assess derelict crab traps effects in the Chesapeake Bay and on past derelict gear assessments either conducted by or known to the framework authors. However, this framework is generalized and intended to ...
Ecological And Economic Effects Of Derelict Fishing Gear In The Chesapeake Bay 2015/2016 Final Assessment Report, 2016 Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Ecological And Economic Effects Of Derelict Fishing Gear In The Chesapeake Bay 2015/2016 Final Assessment Report, Donna Marie Bilkovic, H. Ward Slacum Jr., Kirk J. Havens, Danielle Zaveta, Christopher F.G. Jeffrey, Andrew M. Scheld, David Stanhope, Kory Angstadt, John D. Evans
Derelict fishing gear represents a major challenge to marine resource management: whether through deliberate abandonment or through accidental loss, derelict traps in particular have significant negative effects both economic (e.g., reduced fishery harvest from ghost fishing and gear competition that leads to the reduced efficiency of active gear) and ecological (e.g., degraded habitats and marine food webs and crab and bycatch mortality). Throughout the Chesapeake Bay, commercial harvest of hard-shelled blue crabs is a major fishing activity: every year sees the deployment of several hundred thousand blue crab traps (known locally as crab “pots”) across the Bay, of ...
Intensive, Regular Sampling And Removal Of Modest Numbers Of Fishes Shows No Measurable Impact On Fish Populations In Three Streams Of North Georgia, Steven L. Powers
Southeastern Fishes Council Proceedings
Recent publications and restrictions on collecting by state fish and game managers indicate a growing concern regarding the impact of field sampling on native fish populations. To evaluate the validity of these concerns, data from five life-history studies conducted in Cherokee County, Georgia were examined to test the hypothesis that regular sampling has a negative impact on fish populations. Number of individuals collected was divided by time collecting to calculate catch per unit effort (CPUE) as an indicator of relative abundance for each species. The collecting sequence (i.e. the number of times a species had previously been sampled) was ...
Mccardell, James (Fa 905), 2016 Western Kentucky University
Mccardell, James (Fa 905), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives
FA Finding Aids
Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 905. Project titled: “Fishing Beliefs.” Project includes note cards with brief descriptions of fishing beliefs in Indiana, Massachusetts and Rhode Island. Note cards include a brief description and informant’s name.
Krause, Janet L. (Fa 872), 2016 Western Kentucky University
Krause, Janet L. (Fa 872), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives
FA Finding Aids
Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 872. Paper titled: “Fishing Lore of Hadley Community.” Project includes survey sheets with brief descriptions of various aspects of fishing including methods, gear, terminology, sayings and beliefs. Sheets include a brief description of each topic, informant’s name and some illustrations.
Estimating Relative Juvenile Abundance Of Ecologically Important Finfish In The Virginia Portion Of Chesapeake Bay (1 June 2015 - 31 May 2016) : 2016 Annual Report, 2016 Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Estimating Relative Juvenile Abundance Of Ecologically Important Finfish In The Virginia Portion Of Chesapeake Bay (1 June 2015 - 31 May 2016) : 2016 Annual Report, Troy D. Tuckey, Mary C. Fabrizio
The Trawl Survey provides crucial data to state, regional, and national fisheries management agencies, including the Virginia Marine Resources Commission (VMRC), the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission (ASMFC), the Mid‐Atlantic Fisheries Management Council (MAFMC), and the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). The MAFMC recognizes the juvenile trawl survey as one of the key predictors of Summer Flounder recruitment. Annual indices of juvenile abundance have been generated from trawl survey data for species of key recreational, ecological, and commercial importance in the Virginia portion of Chesapeake Bay. These include Spot, Atlantic Croaker, Weakfish, Summer Flounder, Black Sea Bass, Scup, Striped ...
Measuring Maine’S Marine Economy, 2016 University of Maine
Measuring Maine’S Marine Economy, Brian Roach, Jonathan Rubin, Charles Morrris
Even though Maine’s new license plate no longer features the lobster, the ocean remains central to Maine’s identity and to its economy. As the authors point out, Maine has more than 4,500 miles of coastline and more than 4,600 islands over one acre in size. For many who live here, their way of life is tied to the sea; for many who visit Maine, their stay is tied to the sea. Despite such prominence, it has been difficult to accurately assess the importance of Maine’s marine economy. In part, this is because there clear definition ...
Shortnose Sturgeon (Acipenser Brevirostrum) Spawning Potential In The Penobscot River, Maine: Considering Dam Removals And Emerging Threats, Catherine Johnston
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Dam removals from the Penobscot River in Maine restored access to freshwater habitat critical for the life cycle of endangered shortnose sturgeon. Prior to the dam removals, shortnose sturgeon spawning activity had not been documented. Instead, evidence suggested that individuals emigrated from the Penobscot River to spawn in the Kennebec complex, 140 km away. A central question of this thesis was whether spawning activity would commence in the first two years following dam removal. Consistent with pre-dam removal movement patterns determined using acoustic telemetry, the majority (78%) of tagged individuals emigrated from the Penobscot River at some point over the ...
Panarchy Use In Environmental Science For Risk And Resilience Planning, 2016 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Panarchy Use In Environmental Science For Risk And Resilience Planning, David G. Angeler, Craig R. Allen, Ahjond S. Garmestani, Lance Gunderson, Igor Linkov
Nebraska Cooperative Fish & Wildlife Research Unit -- Staff Publications
Environmental sciences have an important role in informing sustainable management of built environments by providing insights about the drivers and potentially negative impacts of global environmental change. Here, we discuss panarchy theory, a multi-scale hierarchical concept that accounts for the dynamism of complex socio-ecological systems, especially for those systems with strong cross-scale feedbacks. The idea of panarchy underlies much of system resilience, focusing on how systems respond to known and unknown threats. Panarchy theory can provide a framework for qualitative and quantitative research and application in the environmental sciences, which can in turn inform the ongoing efforts in sociotechnical resilience ...