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Review On Locusta Migratoria Cinerascens (Fabricius, 1781)., Laib Djamel Eddine, Benzehra Abdelmadjid, Laib Imen, Aouzal Badis, Salah Akkal 2023 Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Sciences, 20 August 1955 University, Skikda,21000, Algeria.

Review On Locusta Migratoria Cinerascens (Fabricius, 1781)., Laib Djamel Eddine, Benzehra Abdelmadjid, Laib Imen, Aouzal Badis, Salah Akkal

Journal of Bioresource Management

The migratory locust, scientifically known as Locusta migratoria (Linnaeus, 1758), is a captivating insect species that has drawn the interest of scientists, farmers, and the general public. Recognized for its notorious swarming behavior, this insect has the potential to cause extensive damage to crops, leading to agricultural plagues and food shortages. However, beyond its reputation as a pest, the migratory locust is a subject of scientific fascination due to its intricate life cycle, remarkable ability to undergo rapid and dramatic transformations, and its crucial role within the ecosystems it inhabits. This review delves into various facets of L. migratoria, including …


Establishment Of Hand Rearing Protocols With Respect To Feeding, Physiological And Behavioral Aspects In Abandoned Lion Cubs At Safari Zoo Lahore, Muhammad Azhar, Bushra Nisar Khan, Fahd Haseeb, Muhammad Hassan Saleem, Abdul Rehman, Zahid Iqbal Khan, Muhammad Rizwan Khan 2023 Punjab Wildlife and Parks Department, Pakistan

Establishment Of Hand Rearing Protocols With Respect To Feeding, Physiological And Behavioral Aspects In Abandoned Lion Cubs At Safari Zoo Lahore, Muhammad Azhar, Bushra Nisar Khan, Fahd Haseeb, Muhammad Hassan Saleem, Abdul Rehman, Zahid Iqbal Khan, Muhammad Rizwan Khan

Journal of Bioresource Management

African lion (Panthera leo) being most attractive but vulnerable exhibit of zoos and safaris; need particular attention to breeding plans. At captive sites, lioness neglects newborns commonly; at that stage, hand rearing is preferred. This study will highlight the best practices for hand-rearing lion cubs, including knowledge of early medical issues along with their treatment during the first 4 months of growth. 34 lions (08Male: 17Females: 9Cubs) were housed on 15 acres during 2019-21 at Safari Zoo Lahore. A total of 04 lionesses were found entirely abandoned to 05 newborns (03 males & 02 females). The hand-rearing period …


Economic Valuation Model Of Vanname Shrimp Culture And Mangrove Rehabilitation, Elrin Meivian Mongi Mongi, Mahawan Karuniasa, Mufti Petala Patria 2023 Environmental Science, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, 10430, Indonesia

Economic Valuation Model Of Vanname Shrimp Culture And Mangrove Rehabilitation, Elrin Meivian Mongi Mongi, Mahawan Karuniasa, Mufti Petala Patria

Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development

The current climate change is caused by anthropogenic activities involving energy and industry usage that affect the temperature and climate of the Earth. The Paris Agreement on climate change is a commitment by some countries to act to address climate change by developing sustainably and emitting low levels of carbon dioxide (CO2). Changes in the oceans include temperature increases, acidification, and changes in currents, leading to decreased productivity in fishing and aquaculture. Integrated mangrove shrimp farming, known as silvofisheries, has been recognized as environmentally friendly cultivation. The implementation of silvofishery is a form of mangrove ecosystem management that integrates ecology …


Community Structure Of Sea Urchin As An Indicator Of The Ecological Balance Of Coastal Areas, Abdul Wahab Radjab, Intan Rabiyanti, Fiqih Muharby 2023 National Research and Innovation Agency

Community Structure Of Sea Urchin As An Indicator Of The Ecological Balance Of Coastal Areas, Abdul Wahab Radjab, Intan Rabiyanti, Fiqih Muharby

Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development

Sea urchins, soft-shelled invertebrates (Echinoderms), crucially contribute to cleaning the ocean bottom. However, sea urchins in tropical waters like Indonesia have not yet been fully disclosed. This study was conducted at Hutumuri and Rutong waters, Ambon City. This study assessed physical-chemical parameters, sea urchin species composition, classification, and community structure. Employing the Line Transect method with 5x5 m quadrants and 50m transect spacing, data analysis included density, relative density, frequency of presence, diversity, uniformity, and dominance indices. Results indicated normal temperature and salinity at both stations, supporting sea urchin life, with rocky and sandy substrates deemed suitable. A total of …


Utilizing An Extract From Endophytic Fungus, Alternaria Alternata, Isolated From Ricinus Communis L. Leaves As A Biological Agent For Controlling The Migratory Locust In Algeria, Laib Djamel Eddine, Benzehra Abdelmadjid, Laib Imen, Aouzal Badis, Akkal Salah 2023 Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Sciences, 20 August 1955 University, Skikda,21000, Algeria

Utilizing An Extract From Endophytic Fungus, Alternaria Alternata, Isolated From Ricinus Communis L. Leaves As A Biological Agent For Controlling The Migratory Locust In Algeria, Laib Djamel Eddine, Benzehra Abdelmadjid, Laib Imen, Aouzal Badis, Akkal Salah

Journal of Bioresource Management

In this research, we aimed to explore the insecticidal potential of Alternaria alternata, an endophytic fungus derived from the leaves of castor oil plant. To test its insecticidal efficacy, various doses of A. alternata mycoextract were administered to Locusta migratoria L. through both topical and oral pathways. The findings revealed that the insects displayed the highest susceptibility to a concentration of 2 g/L, leading to an impressive mortality rate of 87.5 % and 93.75 % for topical and oral administrations, in the same order. The extract displayed remarkable insecticidal properties, demonstrating LC50 values of 1.09 g/L for the topical …


Fungicide Data, Amber Johnson 2023 Brigham Young University - Provo

Fungicide Data, Amber Johnson

ScholarsArchive Data

This dataset contains emergence, biomass, and fungal biomass data collected during a laboratory study examining the effects of soil fungal level and seed coating treatment on the growth of bluebunch wheatgrass (Pseudoroegneria spicata). Pathogenesis from soil and seed-borne fungus can limit success when restoring native species. Fungicides can combat fungal pathogens, but in some studies, fungicides treatments are ineffective at improving seedling emergence over untreated, control seed. These studies suggest low fungal presence due to dry conditions may be the cause of the ineffectiveness of fungicide treatments for some years and sites. This study tested if fungicide treatment …


Comprehensive Assessment Of Economic, Productive, Phenotypic, And Morphometric Traits In Azikheli Buffalo Breed Of Northern Pakistan, Nadar Khan, Bakhtawara Bibi, Tariq Ahmad, Salman Khan, Aamir Khan, Muhammad Ibrahim 2023 Livestock and Dairy Development Department (Research) Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Comprehensive Assessment Of Economic, Productive, Phenotypic, And Morphometric Traits In Azikheli Buffalo Breed Of Northern Pakistan, Nadar Khan, Bakhtawara Bibi, Tariq Ahmad, Salman Khan, Aamir Khan, Muhammad Ibrahim

Journal of Bioresource Management

The study was conducted to illuminate the phenotypic, morphometric, and productive characteristics of the Azikheli buffalo breed. One thousand two hundred pure Azikheli buffaloes (male: female) were randomly selected from the main hub of the Azikheli buffalo breed in Swat (Azikhel). The data were analyzed for comparison and frequency distribution. Phenotypic characteristic of the female buffalo shows that more than 73 % of the body color was golden yellowish. In contrast, in males, this value was 83 %, followed by white-albino and grayish colors. The shape of horns were semi sickle and grayish in color. Morphometric parameters of the breed …


Hepatoprotective Effect Of Berberis Lycium In Αlpha-Naphthylisothiocyanate Induced Cholestatic Mouse Models, Shamaila Bashir, Hassan Hameed, Nida Irshad, Aqsa Ashraf, Muhammad Faizan, Saiyada Fatima Maida Halim, Hafiz M. Mazhar Asjad, Andleeb Batool, Imran Sohail 2023 Department of Zoology, Government College University Lahore, Pakistan

Hepatoprotective Effect Of Berberis Lycium In Αlpha-Naphthylisothiocyanate Induced Cholestatic Mouse Models, Shamaila Bashir, Hassan Hameed, Nida Irshad, Aqsa Ashraf, Muhammad Faizan, Saiyada Fatima Maida Halim, Hafiz M. Mazhar Asjad, Andleeb Batool, Imran Sohail

Journal of Bioresource Management

Cholestasis is characterized by the obstruction of bile flow from hepatocytes to the intestine. It results in accumulation of bile acids in the liver, which cause oxidative stress, inflammation, apoptosis, fibrosis, and cirrhosis. Till now, the treatment options against cholestasis are limited. Therefore, there is an utmost requirement to develop and evaluate the drugs with potential anti-cholestatic effects. In the current study, the drug-induced cholestasis mouse models were generated via oral administration of α-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT). The mice were placed into three groups of six animals each. Group I was the control group and was given saline. The cholestasis model Group …


Biology, Ecology, Infestation, And Management Of Warble Flies (Diptera: Oestridae), Muhammad Jamil, Abdul Razzaq, Noman Latif, Mariam Fatima, Muhammad Saqib, Matiullah Jaffar, Hafiz Zille Rehman, Faiqah Ramzan 2023 PARC Arid Zone Research Center, Dera Ismail Khan-29050-Pakistan

Biology, Ecology, Infestation, And Management Of Warble Flies (Diptera: Oestridae), Muhammad Jamil, Abdul Razzaq, Noman Latif, Mariam Fatima, Muhammad Saqib, Matiullah Jaffar, Hafiz Zille Rehman, Faiqah Ramzan

Journal of Bioresource Management

The range grazing livestock (cattles and goats) are afflicted by a significant skin/hide issue known as warble fly larval infestation, which is caused by the larvae of Hypoderma lineatum and Hypoderma bovis species which resulted in substantial economic losses to the leather industries. The life cycle of hypodermosis is complex, involving both ecto- and endoparasitic stages. Female warble flies deposit their eggs in rows of 5-8 on individual hairs of the host, often targeting the legs but also other areas. These eggs are securely attached to the hairs and a single female fly may lay as many as 800 eggs …


Optimizing Conservation Of Nili Ravi Buffaloes In Southern Region Of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: A Comprehensive Evaluation Of Phenotypic, Morphometric, And Productive Traits, Arsalan Khan, Israr ud Din, Hafiz Abdul Majid, Amjad Ali, Akhtar Ali, Muhammad Rizwan, Waseem Ullah, Shah Zeb, Safi Ullah, Imran Khan, Abid Ullah 2023 Livestock Research and Development Station, Paharpur, Dera Ismail Khan-29050-Pakistan

Optimizing Conservation Of Nili Ravi Buffaloes In Southern Region Of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: A Comprehensive Evaluation Of Phenotypic, Morphometric, And Productive Traits, Arsalan Khan, Israr Ud Din, Hafiz Abdul Majid, Amjad Ali, Akhtar Ali, Muhammad Rizwan, Waseem Ullah, Shah Zeb, Safi Ullah, Imran Khan, Abid Ullah

Journal of Bioresource Management

In Pakistan, Nili Ravi buffalo is highly valued breed due to its high milk yield. Native to Punjab province, the breed is now extensively distributed throughout the country. To assess and optimize the conservation strategies for Nili Ravi buffaloes in southern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa by evaluating their phenotypic, morphometric, productive, and reproductive characteristics. Buffaloes were maintained at Livestock Research and Development Station in Paharpur, Dera Ismail Khan from 2010-2023, under breed conservation program. A sum of 298 records Nili Ravi buffaloes were used for the investigation. The research examined physical attributes such as coat color, horn morphology, and other qualitative characteristics. …


Feeding Overlap Investigations Between Hypophthalmichthys Molitrix And Cyprinus Carpio From Punjab, Pakistan, Afzala Munawar, Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Ameen, Abdul Majid Khan, Ayesha Sania, Muhammad Shahbaz 2023 Department of Zoology, University of Sialkot, Pakistan

Feeding Overlap Investigations Between Hypophthalmichthys Molitrix And Cyprinus Carpio From Punjab, Pakistan, Afzala Munawar, Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Ameen, Abdul Majid Khan, Ayesha Sania, Muhammad Shahbaz

Journal of Bioresource Management

Freshwater ichthyofauna is facing intensive stress as a result of urbanization and growing industries in Pakistan. The alien fish species are considered one of the major challenges due to their deleterious effects. Feeding habit analysis is a basic tool to evaluate the ecological stress on fish species residing in different habitats. The present study was designed to disclose the feeding overlap between Cyprinus carpio (Common Carp) and Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Silver Carp) from Head Marala (river Chenab) and Mangla Dam (river Jhelum). For this purpose, 20 samples i-e 10 from each site of each fish species out of total 40 were …


Aversion Properties Of Retrorsine, Retrorsine Nitrogen Oxide And Frosted Senecio Latifolius, Leendert D. Snyman 2023 Toxicology, Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Private Bag X05, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa

Aversion Properties Of Retrorsine, Retrorsine Nitrogen Oxide And Frosted Senecio Latifolius, Leendert D. Snyman

Poisonous Plant Research (PPR)

Two pilot trials, investigating the aversive properties of retrorsine and retrorsine nitrogen oxide and that of frosted Senecio latifolius, were executed. Retrorsine and retrorsine-NO (the toxic principles of Senecio retrorsus), unlke sceleratine-NO (the toxic principle of another hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloid containing plant, namely S. latifolius), were not capable of establishing aversion when given to a sheep. Frosted S. latifolius given to a sheep also did not induce aversion. However, a sheep averted to S. latifolius (non-frosted) refused eating frosted S. latifolius.


You Can Lead A Horse To Water: Mapping Seasonal Water Resources To Predict Wild Horse Movements On Utah Rangelands, David C. Stoner, Eric Thacker, Linden Greenhalgh, Mark Nelson 2023 Utah State University

You Can Lead A Horse To Water: Mapping Seasonal Water Resources To Predict Wild Horse Movements On Utah Rangelands, David C. Stoner, Eric Thacker, Linden Greenhalgh, Mark Nelson

All Current Publications

All wild horse herd management areas in Utah overlap BLM grazing allotments. Although horses and cattle have similar dietary habits, both species rely heavily on predictable water sources during dry periods. The concentration of wildlife and livestock in mesic areas during droughts can become problems for farmers and livestock producers. We aimed to map the annual distribution of temporary surface water across Utah that cattle, horses, and wildlife could use. Herein we analyzed an 18-year record of satellite imagery to create a statewide map of seasonal surface-water availability for agricultural and wildlife management purposes.


Sceleratin Nitrogen Oxide As Aversive Agent In Conditioning Livestock To Avoid Senecio Latifolius, Leendert D. Snyman 2023 Toxicology, Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Private Bag X05, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa

Sceleratin Nitrogen Oxide As Aversive Agent In Conditioning Livestock To Avoid Senecio Latifolius, Leendert D. Snyman

Poisonous Plant Research (PPR)

Sceleratine nitrogen oxide, when administered together with a dichloromethane extract of Senecio latifolius, successfully conditioned cattle and sheep to avoid milled freeze dried S. latifolius mixed with maize meal. This treatment was effectively applied in conditioning steers to refuse eating S. latifolius grown in pots.


Noninvasive Pregnancy Detection In Wild Felids Using Enzyme Immunoassay Of Fecal 13, 14–Dihydro–15–Keto–Pgf2Α Metabolite (Pgfm), NIKITHA PRAKASH, SUCHITRA BHADRAVATHI RAJU, SAHADEV ANNAYAPPA, LEENA GOWDA, VEENA MALAVALLI PRABHUSHANKAR 2023 TÜBİTAK

Noninvasive Pregnancy Detection In Wild Felids Using Enzyme Immunoassay Of Fecal 13, 14–Dihydro–15–Keto–Pgf2Α Metabolite (Pgfm), Nikitha Prakash, Suchitra Bhadravathi Raju, Sahadev Annayappa, Leena Gowda, Veena Malavalli Prabhushankar

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The study was carried out on Panthera species (4 lions and 5 tigers) housed in Bannerghatta Biological Park, Bengaluru, and Sri Chamarajendra Zoological Gardens, Mysuru. Estrus behavior such as rolling, licking, nudging, chuffing, frequent urination, whitish discharge, vocalisation, lordosis and copulatory behavior such as vocalisation, allowed to be mounted, aggression towards male, mounting, and biting of the nape of female were exhibited both in lions and tigers which helped to identify the time of fecal sample collection. The study’s main aim was to carry out noninvasive and noncontact pregnancy detection in these wild felids. Feces samples collected from the female …


Investigation Of Three Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms (1252 G>A, 2534 G>A, And 2569 T>C) Of The Mbl1 Gene In Anatolian Buffaloes, ESMA GAMZE AKSEL, BİLAL AKYÜZ 2023 TÜBİTAK

Investigation Of Three Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms (1252 G>A, 2534 G>A, And 2569 T>C) Of The Mbl1 Gene In Anatolian Buffaloes, Esma Gamze Aksel, Bi̇lal Akyüz

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

It has been reported that since the MBL gene is involved in the first step of infection and inflammation processes, it may be associated with susceptibility to bacterial and viral diseases in living organisms. In this study, it was aimed to determine the genotypic variation of Anatolian buffaloes in terms of three (1252G>A, 2534 G>A, and 2569 T>C) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the MBL-1 gene. For this purpose, 103 Anatolian buffaloes were genotyped for relevant SNPs by PCR-RFLP process. The allele and genotype frequencies of the examined samples were determined, and the population was examined for …


Radiology Versus Rt-Pcr For Detection Of Proventricular Dilatation Disease In Psittacines, MOHAMMAD BAYAT, ABOLFAZL GHANIEI, MAJID JAMSHIDIAN MOJAVER, ALI MIRSHAHI, MOHAMMAD AZIZZADEH 2023 TÜBİTAK

Radiology Versus Rt-Pcr For Detection Of Proventricular Dilatation Disease In Psittacines, Mohammad Bayat, Abolfazl Ghaniei, Majid Jamshidian Mojaver, Ali Mirshahi, Mohammad Azizzadeh

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Proventricular dilatation disease (PDD) is a potentially fatal disease of psittacine birds. Avian bornavirus (ABV), the causative agent of PDD, causes inflammation of the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems. Clinically, birds affected by PDD present with gastrointestinal tract dysfunction, neurological symptoms, or both. In this study, we evaluated the presence of proventriculus dilation and ABV in 40 birds (cockatiel, n = 12; budgerigar, n = 28), submitted to the veterinary clinic, by radiology and RT-PCR. Lateral and ventrodorsal radiographs and feather samples were taken from 36 live birds including the cockatiel and budgerigar, as well as samples of proventriculus …


Virological And Pathological Investigation Of Canine Parvovirus-2 (Cpv-2) With The Assessment Of The Genetic Variability Of Field Strains, ZEYNEP KARAPINAR, MUSA KARAMAN, İHSAN KISADERE, MUSTAFA USTA, MEHMET ÖZKAN TİMURKAN 2023 TÜBİTAK

Virological And Pathological Investigation Of Canine Parvovirus-2 (Cpv-2) With The Assessment Of The Genetic Variability Of Field Strains, Zeynep Karapinar, Musa Karaman, İhsan Kisadere, Mustafa Usta, Mehmet Özkan Ti̇murkan

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Canine parvovirus-2 (CPV-2), which is common worldwide, is a highly contagious pathogen in domestic dogs and some wild carnivore species. The agent causes a multisystemic infection in affected animals, especially acute hemorrhagic enteritis and fatal myocarditis in puppies. The study aimed to reveal the presence of virus in dogs with clinical symptoms of CPV-2 infection using virological, pathological, and immunohistochemical methods and make molecular characterization based on partial VP-2 gene of strains circulating in the region. As a result of PCR studies, 9 out of 16 rectal swab samples and 17 out of 38 blood samples were positive. A phylogenetic …


Functional Training Promotes Benefits In The Physical Condition Of Horses, PAULA GOMES RODRIGUES, CAMILA FERNANDA FIDÊNCIO, KATIA DE OLIVEIRA, CAMILLA MENDONÇA SILVA, CLISTENES GOMES OLIVEIRA, JOSÉ MIRADELSON OLIVEIRA CARVALHO, ANSELMO DOMINGOS FERREIRA SANTOS, GREGORIO MURILO DE OLIVEIRA JUNIOR, JOSÉ CAMISÃO DE SOUZA 2023 TÜBİTAK

Functional Training Promotes Benefits In The Physical Condition Of Horses, Paula Gomes Rodrigues, Camila Fernanda Fidêncio, Katia De Oliveira, Camilla Mendonça Silva, Clistenes Gomes Oliveira, José Miradelson Oliveira Carvalho, Anselmo Domingos Ferreira Santos, Gregorio Murilo De Oliveira Junior, José Camisão De Souza

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Horses that perform constant physical activity related to sport or work are subject to musculoskeletal disorders. Thus, the objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a functional training program to promote physical conditions (epaxial musculature biometry and linear kinematics) and behavior traits in patrol horses. Sixteen crossbred horses were randomly distributed in two experimental treatments: not submitted (control group) and submitted (test group) to a functional exercise program. The training program exercises were performed three times per week for 90 days and consisted of dynamic mobilization techniques, reflexive mobilization, dynamic imbalance, and passive stretching. The studied variables were Longissimus dorsi …


Determining The Quality Of Sugar Beet Pulp, Lenox, And Ryegrass Silages Used In Feeding Dairy Cattle, In Comparison To Corn Silage, FATMA ÖZKAN, SUPHİ DENİZ 2023 TÜBİTAK

Determining The Quality Of Sugar Beet Pulp, Lenox, And Ryegrass Silages Used In Feeding Dairy Cattle, In Comparison To Corn Silage, Fatma Özkan, Suphi̇ Deni̇z

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

This study was carried out to determine the quality of sugar beet pulp (Beta vulgaris L.), lenox (Brassica rapa L.), and ryegrass (Lolium multiflorium cv. caramba) silages used in feeding dairy cattle, in comparison to corn silage. Whole corn was harvested at the dough stage, lenox was harvested at the end of flowering, and ryegrass was harvested at the beginning of spike. No additives were added to the corn silage, but 5% molasses was added to the sugar beet pulp, ryegrass, and lenox silages that have low levels of easily degradable sugar. Additionally, 5% sainfoin was added to the sugar …


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