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Avian Jurisprudence And The Protection Of Migratory Birds In North America, Marshall A. Bowen 2018 St. Mary's University School of Law

Avian Jurisprudence And The Protection Of Migratory Birds In North America, Marshall A. Bowen

St. Mary's Law Journal

Abstract forthcoming


Assessment Of A Nutritional Rehabilitation Model In Two Modern Broilers And Their Jungle Fowl Ancestor: A Model For Better Understanding Childhood Undernutrition, Mikayla Baxter 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Assessment Of A Nutritional Rehabilitation Model In Two Modern Broilers And Their Jungle Fowl Ancestor: A Model For Better Understanding Childhood Undernutrition, Mikayla Baxter

Theses and Dissertations

The World Health Organization, estimated that 22.9% of children under the age of 5 are stunted. The etiology of stunting is multifactorial and is associated with poor linear growth, villous atrophy, dysbiosis, and increased intestinal permeability. Inclusion of rye in poultry diets induces nutrient deficiencies and increases intestinal permeability, dysbiosis and decreases growth rates. The objective of this dissertation was to determine if chickens consuming a rye based diet exhibited a similar pathophysiology of stunted children to develop a relevant animal model. Therefore, early or late phase malnutrition was induced determine the effects of malnutrition on performance, bone mineralization ...


Effect Of Morinda Citrifolia (Noni)-Enriched Diet On Hepatic Heat Shock Protein And Lipid Metabolism-Related Genes In Heat Stressed Broiler Chickens, Joshua Flees 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Effect Of Morinda Citrifolia (Noni)-Enriched Diet On Hepatic Heat Shock Protein And Lipid Metabolism-Related Genes In Heat Stressed Broiler Chickens, Joshua Flees

Theses and Dissertations

Heat stress (HS) has been reported to alter fat deposition in broilers, however the underlying molecular mechanisms are not well-defined; therefore, the objectives of the current study were to: (1) determine the effects of acute (2 h) and chronic (3 wk) HS on the expression of key molecular signatures involved in hepatic lipogenic and lipolytic programs; and (2) assess if diet supplementation with dried Noni medicinal plant (0.2% of the diet) modulates these effects. Broilers (n=480 males, 1 d) were randomly assigned to 12 environmental chambers, subjected to two environmental conditions (HS at 35°C vs. thermoneutral condition ...


Fancy Fowls Company - Hopkinsville, Kentucky (Sc 3241), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2018 Western Kentucky University

Fancy Fowls Company - Hopkinsville, Kentucky (Sc 3241), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3241. Letter from Fancy Fowls Company, Hopkinsville, Kentucky, publisher of the poultry journal Fancy Fowls, edited by Charles M. Meacham. The letter acknowledges advertising copy from a Quincy, Illinois company and promises to give the customer an editorial mention every quarter.


The Birds Of Nebraska, Paul Johnsgard 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Birds Of Nebraska, Paul Johnsgard

Zea E-Books

This annotated list of the birds of Nebraska grew gradually out of research associated with my writing of the Birds of the Great Plains: Breeding Species and Their Distribution (Johnsgard, 1979a). It expands and updates an earlier version that was published in 2013 by the University of Nebraska–Lincoln Libraries DigitalCommons’ Zea Books (Johnsgard, 2013a). It has been updated and modified in its current revision to conform with the most recent (2017) major revision of the American Ornithologists’ Society’s Checklist of North American Birds (Chesser et al., 2017). It has also been modified in its current revision to conform ...


Gulls, Martin S. Lowney, Scott F. Beckerman, Scott C. Barras, Thomas W. Seamans 2018 USDA, Wildlife Services

Gulls, Martin S. Lowney, Scott F. Beckerman, Scott C. Barras, Thomas W. Seamans

Wildlife Damage Management Technical Series

Abundant gull (Figure 1) populations in North America have led to a variety of conflicts with people. Gulls cause damage at aquaculture facilities and other properties, and often collide with aircraft. Their use of structures on and near water results in excessive amounts of bird droppings on boats and docks. Their presence near outdoor dining establishments, swimming beaches, and recreational sites can lead to negative interactions with people. Large amounts of gull fecal material pollutes water and beaches resulting in drinking water contamination and swim bans. A combination of dispersal techniques, exclusion and limited lethal control may reduce damage to ...


Enhancing Quality Of Life Through Foreign Direct Investment In Northern Mozambique, Sarah-Beth DeLay 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Enhancing Quality Of Life Through Foreign Direct Investment In Northern Mozambique, Sarah-Beth Delay

Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness Undergraduate Honors Theses

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has the potential to increase economic activity and improve GDP growth in low-income countries, but can hinder economic development (quality of life improvements) if not sustainable and holistic in manner. Africa serves as a host to many cases of FDI focused on economic growth, but not necessarily improving the quality of life for its citizens. FDI has spread throughout the African continent, where many countries are well endowed with natural resources, like minerals and coal. These economies have experienced rapid GDP growth with few benefits reaching citizens of the host country. Mozambique is a low-income country ...


Microbiome Of Commercial Broilers Through Evisceration And Immersion Chilling, John A. Handley 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Microbiome Of Commercial Broilers Through Evisceration And Immersion Chilling, John A. Handley

Theses and Dissertations

The United States poultry industry generated 38.6 billion pounds (17,500 metric ton) of meat in 2014 which averaged to 121 pounds (55 kg) per individual of the U.S that same year. Of that meat generated by the poultry industry, an estimated 1 million cases of Salmonellosis will occur. Out of the 1 million cases approximately 40, 000 to 50,000 will be confirmed cases by the CDC. Recently, the USDA has requested changes in the inspection process and are currently allowing processors more freedom to utilize innovation to drive the increase in safer and more desirable foods ...


The Effect Of Magnetic Water On Feed Conversion Ratio, Body Weight Gain, Feed Intake And Livability Of Male Broiler Chickens, Kenia Mitre 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Effect Of Magnetic Water On Feed Conversion Ratio, Body Weight Gain, Feed Intake And Livability Of Male Broiler Chickens, Kenia Mitre

Poultry Science Undergraduate Honors Theses

Passing water through a magnetic field has been shown to have positive effects in agricultural activities such as crops, cattle and poultry production (Ali, Samaneh and Kavakebian, 2014). Several experiments performed in Middle Eastern countries have evaluated the effect of magnetizing drinking water on poultry performance, but results are inconsistent. The current project was conducted to evaluate the effect of magnetizing the drinking water on key aspects of poultry production such as Feed Conversion Ratio, Body Weight Gain, Feed Intake and Livability. Four hundred and forty-nine male Cobb-500 chicks were randomly placed in 6 replicate pens for each of 3 ...


Effects Of Dimethyl Sulfoxide And Glycerol Based Vitrification Protocols On Zona Pellucida Hardening In Mature Bovine Oocytes, Kaci Denise Rogers 2018 Louisiana State University

Effects Of Dimethyl Sulfoxide And Glycerol Based Vitrification Protocols On Zona Pellucida Hardening In Mature Bovine Oocytes, Kaci Denise Rogers

LSU Master's Theses

Zona pellucida hardening is a natural process that occurs after oocyte fertilization to prevent polyspermic fertilization and to protect embryonic development. Pre-fertilization hardening of the zona pellucida however, decreases fertilization rates. Cryoprotectants have also been shown to negatively affect fertilization rates, one possible mechanism of which being through zona hardening. This experiment was conducted to determine the effect of different cryoprotectants on hardening of the zona pellucida using fresh mature bovine oocytes and vitrified mature bovine oocytes. Oocytes were post-slaughter from mixed breed cows. After collection, oocytes were randomly assigned to three cryoprotectant treatment groups: dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), glycerol or ...


Transcriptome Analysis In Spleen Reveals Differential Regulation Of Response To Newcastle Disease Virus In Two Chicken Lines, Jibin Zhang, Michael G. Kaiser, Melissa S. Deist, Rodrigo A. Gallardo, David A. Bunn, Terra R. Kelly, Jack C.M. Dekkers, Huaijun Zhou, Susan J. Lamont 2018 Iowa State University

Transcriptome Analysis In Spleen Reveals Differential Regulation Of Response To Newcastle Disease Virus In Two Chicken Lines, Jibin Zhang, Michael G. Kaiser, Melissa S. Deist, Rodrigo A. Gallardo, David A. Bunn, Terra R. Kelly, Jack C.M. Dekkers, Huaijun Zhou, Susan J. Lamont

Jibin Zhang

Enhancing genetic resistance of chickens to Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) provides a promising way to improve poultry health, and to alleviate poverty and food insecurity in developing countries. In this study, two inbred chicken lines with different responses to NDV, Fayoumi and Leghorn, were challenged with LaSota NDV strain at 21 days of age. Through transcriptome analysis, gene expression in spleen at 2 and 6 days post-inoculation was compared between NDV-infected and control groups, as well as between chicken lines. At a false discovery rate <0.05, Fayoumi chickens, which are relatively more resistant to NDV, showed fewer differentially expressed ...


Comparative Response Of The Hepatic Transcriptomes Of Domesticated And Wild Turkey To Aflatoxin B1, Kent M. Reed, Kristelle M. Mendoza, Juan E. Abrahante, Roger A. Coulombe 2018 University of Minnesota

Comparative Response Of The Hepatic Transcriptomes Of Domesticated And Wild Turkey To Aflatoxin B1, Kent M. Reed, Kristelle M. Mendoza, Juan E. Abrahante, Roger A. Coulombe

Animal, Dairy, and Veterinary Science Faculty Publications

The food-borne mycotoxin aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) poses a significant risk to poultry, which are highly susceptible to its hepatotoxic effects. Domesticated turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) are especially sensitive, whereas wild turkeys (M. g. silvestris) are more resistant. AFB1 toxicity entails bioactivation by hepatic cytochrome P450s to the electrophilic exo-AFB1-8,9-epoxide (AFBO). Domesticated turkeys lack functional hepatic GST-mediated detoxification of AFBO, and this is largely responsible for the differences in resistance between turkey types. This study was designed to characterize transcriptional changes induced in turkey livers by AFB1, and to contrast the response of domesticated (susceptible ...


Ms Environmental Biology Capstone Project, Taylor Readyhough 2018 Regis University

Ms Environmental Biology Capstone Project, Taylor Readyhough

All Regis University Theses

Life in a zoo brings a score of stressors into the lives of captive animals, including artificial light, crowds of visitors, and increased noise levels. Stress especially impacts captive birds, and continued exposure to these stressors can negatively affect birds’ reproductive success and overall well-being. Staff at the Denver Zoo noticed increased aggression between a male and female pair of great Indian hornbills during the winter of 2016. This behavioral shift coincided with Zoo Lights, a holiday event that results in the hornbills’ exhibit remaining open to the public for approximately four extra hours through the entire month of December ...


Mitigating Ammonia And Pm Generation Of Cage-Free Henhouse Litter With Solid Additive And Liquid Spray, Lilong Chai, Hongwei Xin, Yang Zhao, Tong Wang, Michelle L. Soupir, Kai Liu 2018 Iowa State University

Mitigating Ammonia And Pm Generation Of Cage-Free Henhouse Litter With Solid Additive And Liquid Spray, Lilong Chai, Hongwei Xin, Yang Zhao, Tong Wang, Michelle L. Soupir, Kai Liu

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

A number of chain restaurants, retailers, and grocers in the U.S. have pledged to source only cage-free (CF) eggs in the foreseeable future (e.g., by 2025) due to marketing reasons or concerns over animal welfare. However, CF housing has some inherent challenges, and a predominant one is poor air quality, i.e., ammonia gas (NH3) and particulate matter (PM), and increased emissions. Spraying a liquid agent such as electrolyzed water (EW) can effectively suppress PM generation of CF henhouse litter. However, liquid spray can enhance NH3 generation because it increases the litter moisture content (LMC). Application of acidic ...


Amino Acid Digestibility Of A High Protein Ddgs Product In Broilers, Krysten Fries, Elizabeth Bobeck 2018 Iowa State University

Amino Acid Digestibility Of A High Protein Ddgs Product In Broilers, Krysten Fries, Elizabeth Bobeck

Animal Industry Report

Distiller’s dried grains with solubles (DDGS) are a common feedstuff in poultry diets, however, digestibility estimates vary with production method and strain (broiler vs layer). The objective of this study was to determine the amino acid digestibility of 34.1% (as fed) high-protein DDGS in straight-run Cobb 500 broiler chickens. Calculated standardized ileal amino acid digestibility (SIAAD) of indispensable amino acids (AA) ranged from 81.20 to 90.41%. The SIAAD of dispensable AA ranged from 16.16 to 89.78%. The digestibility of limiting AA in HiP DDGS was greater than reported digestibility values of the same AA ...


Evaluation Of A High Protein Ddgs Product On Broiler Performance, Krysten Fries, Elizabeth Bobeck 2018 Iowa State University

Evaluation Of A High Protein Ddgs Product On Broiler Performance, Krysten Fries, Elizabeth Bobeck

Animal Industry Report

Dried distiller’s grains with solubles (DDGS) are commonly fed at an inclusion of 10% or less in broiler diets with the added benefit of an improved ability to utilize the available nutrients compared to layers fed the same inclusion. Combined with intentional changes to processing to enhance the nutritional quality of DDGS, there is the potential to increase the utilization of DDGS when fed to broilers. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of feeding up to a 20% inclusion of high protein DDGS (HiP DDGS) on broiler performance in straight-run Cobb 500 broiler chickens. Birds ...


Genetic Parameters And Genomic Regions Associated With Growth Rate And Response To Newcastle Disease In Local Chicken Ecotypes In Ghana And Tanzania, Esinam Nancy Amuzu-Aweh, Muhammed Walugembe, Boniface Baboreka Kayang, Amandus Pachificus Muhairwa 2018 University of Ghana

Genetic Parameters And Genomic Regions Associated With Growth Rate And Response To Newcastle Disease In Local Chicken Ecotypes In Ghana And Tanzania, Esinam Nancy Amuzu-Aweh, Muhammed Walugembe, Boniface Baboreka Kayang, Amandus Pachificus Muhairwa

Animal Industry Report

Local chicken enterprises in Africa are of great importance to household livelihoods but face major constraints with devastating disease outbreaks such as Newcastle disease (ND), which cause major economic losses. A study was conducted in two countries, Ghana and Tanzania, where three ecotypes in each country were challenged with a lentogenic (vaccine) strain of ND virus and various response phenotypes, including growth, anti-NDV antibody levels, and viral load from hatch to 38 days of age were taken. We estimated variance components and performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) using ~2800 birds. Moderate heritabilities (0.14-0.55) of the above traits ...


Regions Of Genomic Control Identified For Feed Efficiency In Laying Hens Under Heat Stress, Kaylee Rowland, John C.F. Hsieh, Nathaniel Barrett, Chris M. Ashwell, Mike E. Persia, Max F. Rothschild, Carl Schmidt, Susan J. Lamont 2018 Iowa State University

Regions Of Genomic Control Identified For Feed Efficiency In Laying Hens Under Heat Stress, Kaylee Rowland, John C.F. Hsieh, Nathaniel Barrett, Chris M. Ashwell, Mike E. Persia, Max F. Rothschild, Carl Schmidt, Susan J. Lamont

Animal Industry Report

The future of agriculture presents unique challenges, including producing more food using fewer resources, as global climate changes. Genetic selection and genomic data continue to be valuable tools in animal agriculture that will help address these challenges. We used genomic data and statistical analysis to investigate response of laying hens to heat stress. Hens of the Hy-Line W-36 female parent line were exposed to a daily cyclic heat challenge from 24 to 28 weeks of age. Eggs were collected daily in two-week periods (pre heat, 2 and 4 weeks post heat) for measurements of egg weight. Egg weights and feed ...


Integration Of Host And Virus Gene Expression For Chickens Response To Avian Leukosis Virus Challenge, Xi Lan, John C.F. Hsieh, Haibo Liu, Susan J. Lamont, Qing Zhu 2018 Iowa State University

Integration Of Host And Virus Gene Expression For Chickens Response To Avian Leukosis Virus Challenge, Xi Lan, John C.F. Hsieh, Haibo Liu, Susan J. Lamont, Qing Zhu

Animal Industry Report

The tumorigenesis caused by avian leukosis virus (ALV) occurs through a complex regulatory architecture. , We applied a novel methodology to jointly analyze four different types of datasets: mRNA expression, the associated regulatory factors of miRNA and lncRNA, and ALV gene expression. The pathway analysis shows that combined analysis produced more informative results than single data-type analyses, and the co-expression network analysis found key elements involved in the host-pathogen interaction. The integration of multiple data sources yielded deeper insights into the pathogenesis of the virus and the host immune response.


More Mhc-Like Class I Y Mrna Detected In Relatively Resistant Fayoumis Than Susceptible Leghorns, Melissa S. Deist, Rodrigo A. Gallardo, David A. Bunn, Terra R. Kelly, Jack C. M. Dekkers, Huaijun Zhou, Susan J. Lamont 2018 Iowa State University

More Mhc-Like Class I Y Mrna Detected In Relatively Resistant Fayoumis Than Susceptible Leghorns, Melissa S. Deist, Rodrigo A. Gallardo, David A. Bunn, Terra R. Kelly, Jack C. M. Dekkers, Huaijun Zhou, Susan J. Lamont

Animal Industry Report

The inbred chicken lines Fayoumi and Leghorn have been shown to be relatively resistant and susceptible, respectively, to Newcastle disease virus (NDV). In this experiment we detected higher gene expression levels of MHC-like class I Y (MHCIY) in the Fayoumi trachea, lung, and Harderian gland of NDV challenged and nonchallenged birds across multiple time points. MHC region is important to the immune system and is often associated with resistance to pathogens. This gene may be associated with the Fayoumis’ resistant phenotype.


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