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American Society Of Parasitologists Newsletter, V. 36, Nos. 1-2, Spring-Summer 2014, Scott Lyell Gardner 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

American Society Of Parasitologists Newsletter, V. 36, Nos. 1-2, Spring-Summer 2014, Scott Lyell Gardner

Newsletter of the American Society of Parasitologists

Includes editor's note and contents, a report to the ASP by President Janovy, information about a new parasitology book, a report of the ASP Meeting in New Orleans, information about the transfer of the U.S. National Parasite Collection from the Agricultural Research Service to the Smithsonian Institution, and a list of credits and ASP Affiliates.


New Species Of Ctenomys Blainville 1826 (Rodentia: Ctenomyidae) From The Lowlands And Central Valleys Of Bolivia, Scott Lyell Gardner, Jorge Salazar Bravo, Joseph A. Cook 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

New Species Of Ctenomys Blainville 1826 (Rodentia: Ctenomyidae) From The Lowlands And Central Valleys Of Bolivia, Scott Lyell Gardner, Jorge Salazar Bravo, Joseph A. Cook

Faculty Publications from the Harold W. Manter Laboratory of Parasitology

The genus Ctenomys Blainville 1826 is one of the most diverse of South American hystricognath rodents. Currently, nine species of tuco-tucos are reported from Bolivia, four at elevations above 2,000 m and five inhabiting the lowlands (< 1,000 m). In the present paper, morphology, karyology, and phylogenetic analyses of DNA sequences for a mitochondrial locus were used to assess the taxonomic status of specimens of Ctenomys from localities beyond the previously known ranges of these rodents in the departments of Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, and Tarija. Based on these analyses, we describe four new species in the genus Ctenomys, all apparently endemic to the country. In addition, we place Ctenomys goodfellowi Thomas 1921 in synonymy under C. boliviensis Waterhouse 1848 and confirm the presence of C. nattereri Wagner ...


A Preliminary Survey Of Freshwater Mollusca (Gastropoda And Bivalva) And Distribution In The River Brahmaputra, Mymensingh, Bangladesh, Md.Muzammel Hossain 2014 SelectedWorks

A Preliminary Survey Of Freshwater Mollusca (Gastropoda And Bivalva) And Distribution In The River Brahmaputra, Mymensingh, Bangladesh, Md.Muzammel Hossain

Md.Muzammel Hossain

The present studies the molluscan fauna from twelve sampling stations within two sites of River Brahmaputra in Mymensingh, Bangladesh. Survey was carried out from December 2011 to November 2012. During survey period we have collected mollusca by hand packing from the study area and identified a total of 15 species. Altogether 15 species (10 gastropod and 5 bivalve species) were recorded during the study period. Among gastropoda Melanoides tuberculata (Muller), Indoplanorbis exustus (Deshayes) and Bellamya begalensis were most dominant species recorded from all stations and in Bivalve specie Lamellidens marginalis were found at ten stations out of twelve. Three types ...


About Fish, The Humane Society of the United States 2014 Humane Society Institute for Science and Policy

About Fish, The Humane Society Of The United States

Aquaculture, Fish, and Fisheries

Although a number of fish species have been studied in their freshwater life stages, further research on the behavior and habitat requirements of ocean-going fish is required. While fishes have historically been regarded as more “primitive” than other vertebrate groups, Rodriguez et al concluded that several memory and learning systems of bony fishes are noticeably similar to those of reptiles, birds, and mammals. When animals as small and under appreciated as fish display complex mating systems, parental care, and demonstrate the ability to traverse significant distances using olfactory and celestial cues, it is clear that previously established definitions of intelligence ...


Phenotypic Variation In The Model Organism, Danio Rerio, Rachel D. Champaigne, Kim H. Brown 2014 Portland State University

Phenotypic Variation In The Model Organism, Danio Rerio, Rachel D. Champaigne, Kim H. Brown

Student Research Symposium

Model organisms are used to study evolutionary conserved traits. Zebrafish (Danio rerio) are used a model organism because of their highly fecundity, external fertilization, and robust nature, making them highly adaptable to environmental and genetic variation. In an effort to limit data variation that lies outside of topic interest, phenotypic measures of variation must be performed, understood, and taken into consideration for future studies. A common measurement of phenotypic variation in fish is in the maximum (Ucrit) swimming speeds. Inter and intra-strain variation in zebrafish Ucrit swimming speeds will be observed in a swim tunnel. Baseline values will be recorded ...


Zutrition: Analyzing And Evaluating Diets Fed To Captive Mammals At Capron Park Zoo, Briell M. Dzierga 2014 University of Rhode Island

Zutrition: Analyzing And Evaluating Diets Fed To Captive Mammals At Capron Park Zoo, Briell M. Dzierga

Senior Honors Projects

Zoos provide both experiential and educational opportunities for the general public to learn about animals found in a variety of habitats around the world. A successful zoo must provide a safe and enjoyable environment for the visitors, in addition to the species living within the enclosures. Animal husbandry and welfare are crucial aspects to which close attention must be paid, and zoos have a responsibility to attempt to approximate the captive species’ natural habitats and life histories. An essential part of maintaining a captive zoo animal’s health and wellbeing is providing the animal with an appropriate diet. In addition ...


The Cova Des Pas De Vallgornera (Llucmajor, Mallorca): A Singular Deposit Bearing An Exceptional Well Preserved Early Pleistocene Vertebrate Fauna, Pere Bover, Alex Valenzuela, Carmen Guerra, Juan Rofes, Josep A. Alcover, Joaquin Gines, Joan J. Fornos, Gloria Cuenca-Bescós, Antoni Merino 2014 University of South Florida

The Cova Des Pas De Vallgornera (Llucmajor, Mallorca): A Singular Deposit Bearing An Exceptional Well Preserved Early Pleistocene Vertebrate Fauna, Pere Bover, Alex Valenzuela, Carmen Guerra, Juan Rofes, Josep A. Alcover, Joaquin Gines, Joan J. Fornos, Gloria Cuenca-Bescós, Antoni Merino

International Journal of Speleology

The Cova des Pas de Vallgornera is the longest cave of Mallorca (Balearic Islands, Western Mediterranean) and one of the 30 longest caves in the world. The exploration of one of the galleries allowed the discovery of a fossiliferous deposit of vertebrate remains in a remarkable preservation state. The fossil faunal complex found in this gallery is composed of up to 5 mammalian species (Myotragus aff. kopperi, Hypnomys onicensis, Nesiotites aff. ponsi, Rhinolophus aff. mehelyi and Pipistrellus sp.), at least 14 bird species (among them two Mallorcan endemic taxa: Pica mourerae and Athene vallgornerensis), one reptile (Podarcis aff. lilfordi) and ...


Great Apes: A Study Of Human And Non-Human Primate Interactions In A Zoological Environment, Haley V. Sheehy 2014 Georgia State University

Great Apes: A Study Of Human And Non-Human Primate Interactions In A Zoological Environment, Haley V. Sheehy

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Irrawaddy Dolphin (Orcaella Brevirostris) Is Death On Sonadia Island, Cox’S Bazar, Bangladesh, Md.Muzammel Hossain 2014 SelectedWorks

Irrawaddy Dolphin (Orcaella Brevirostris) Is Death On Sonadia Island, Cox’S Bazar, Bangladesh, Md.Muzammel Hossain

Md.Muzammel Hossain

Sonadia, about with an area of 9 square km and it’s the north–west of Cox’s Bazar. Survey was conducted from 7 am to 5 pm on March 20, 2014. Sonadia Island located between 21°28'26.92"N, 91°55'53.74"E and 21°32'49.47"N, 91°50'38.45"E. One dead Irrawaddy dolphin was found on Sonadia Island, Cox’s bazar which near Bay of Bengal in Bangladesh during faunal survey.


Central Florida Butterfly Conservation: The Importance Of Host Plants In Sandhill And Urban Habitats, Erin S. Josephitis 2014 Rollins College

Central Florida Butterfly Conservation: The Importance Of Host Plants In Sandhill And Urban Habitats, Erin S. Josephitis

Honors Program Theses

This study analyzes the relationship between butterfly (Lepidoptera) populations and host plants in a natural sandhill (Wekiwa Springs), a butterfly garden (Leu Gardens), and an urban landscape (Central Park). The Traditional Butterfly Monitoring Scheme is the chosen method for data collection on Lepidoptera populations over a span of nine visits from October - December 2013. Paired t-tests and ANOVA with post hoc Scheffé tests indicate significant correlations between the average number of host plants and overall Lepidoptera abundance, richness, and diversity scores. The life history features of Lepidoptera distributions serve as tools for assessing biodiversity in Central Florida’s natural environment ...


Multilocus Coalescent Analyses Reveal The Demographic History And Speciation Patterns Of Mouse Lemur Sister Species, Christopher Blair, Kellie L. Heckman, Amy L. Russell, Anne D. Yoder 2014 Grand Valley State University

Multilocus Coalescent Analyses Reveal The Demographic History And Speciation Patterns Of Mouse Lemur Sister Species, Christopher Blair, Kellie L. Heckman, Amy L. Russell, Anne D. Yoder

Amy L. Russell

Background: Debate continues as to whether allopatric speciation or peripatric speciation through a founder effect is the predominant force driving evolution in vertebrates. The mouse lemurs of Madagascar are a system in which evolution has generated a large number of species over a relatively recent time frame. Here, we examine speciation patterns in a pair of sister species of mouse lemur, Microcebus murinus and M. griseorufus. These two species have ranges that are disparately proportioned in size, with M. murinus showing a much more extensive range that marginally overlaps that of M. griseorufus. Given that these two species are sister ...


Genetic Structure Of Little Brown Bats (Myotis Lucifugus) Corresponds With Spread Of White-Nose Syndrome Among Hibernacula, Cassandra M. Miller-Butterworth, Maarten J. Vonhof, Joel Rosenstern, Greg G. Turner, Amy L. Russell 2014 Grand Valley State University

Genetic Structure Of Little Brown Bats (Myotis Lucifugus) Corresponds With Spread Of White-Nose Syndrome Among Hibernacula, Cassandra M. Miller-Butterworth, Maarten J. Vonhof, Joel Rosenstern, Greg G. Turner, Amy L. Russell

Amy L. Russell

Until recently, the little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus) was one of the most common bat species in North America. However, this species currently faces a significant threat from the emerging fungal disease white-nose syndrome (WNS). The aims of this study were to examine the population genetic structure of M. lucifugus hibernating colonies in Pennsylvania (PA) and West Virginia (WV), and to determine whether that population structure may have influenced the pattern of spread of WNS. Samples were obtained from 198 individuals from both uninfected and recently infected colonies located at the crest of the disease front. Both mitochondrial (636 bp ...


Averting Lemur Extinctions Amid Madagascar's Political Crisis, Christoph Schwitzer, Russell Mittermeier, Steig Johnson, Giuseppe Donati, Mitchell Irwin, Heather Peacock, Jonah Ratsimbazafy, Josia Razafindramanana, Edward E. Louis, Lounes Chikhi, Ian C. Colquhoun, Jennifer Tinsman, Ranier Dolch, Marni LaFleur, Stephen Nash, Erik Patel, Blanchard Randrianambinina, Tove Rasolofoharivelo, Patricia C. Wright 2014 Western University

Averting Lemur Extinctions Amid Madagascar's Political Crisis, Christoph Schwitzer, Russell Mittermeier, Steig Johnson, Giuseppe Donati, Mitchell Irwin, Heather Peacock, Jonah Ratsimbazafy, Josia Razafindramanana, Edward E. Louis, Lounes Chikhi, Ian C. Colquhoun, Jennifer Tinsman, Ranier Dolch, Marni Lafleur, Stephen Nash, Erik Patel, Blanchard Randrianambinina, Tove Rasolofoharivelo, Patricia C. Wright

Anthropology Publications

The most threatened mammal group

on Earth, Madagascar’s five endemic

lemur families (lemurs are found

nowhere else), represent more than 20%

of the world’s primate species and 30% of

family-level diversity. This combination of

diversity and uniqueness is unmatched by

any other country—remarkable considering

that Madagascar is only 1.3 to 2.9% the

size of the Neotropics, Africa, or Asia, the

other three landmasses where nonhuman

primates occur. But lemurs face extinction

risks driven by human disturbance of forest

habitats. We discuss these challenges

and reasons for hope in light of site-specific,

local actions proposed in ...


Environmental Factors Influencing Spring Migration Chronology Of Lesser Scaup (Aythya Affinis), Taylor A. Finger 2014 Western University

Environmental Factors Influencing Spring Migration Chronology Of Lesser Scaup (Aythya Affinis), Taylor A. Finger

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Weather likely affects the timing and rate of migration by waterfowl to their breeding grounds. I hypothesized that timing of migration by lesser scaup during spring is affected by annual variation in temperature, precipitation and ice cover. I used satellite telemetry data, waterfowl survey data and corresponding weather data to evaluate competing models that explained variation in timing and rate of migration by lesser scaup. Timing of spring migration occurred earlier and faster when lesser scaup encountered warmer temperatures and greater precipitation, both of which are known to influence thermoregulation and habitat availability for waterfowl. Migration chronology of lesser scaup ...


Animals' Capability To Bond And The Implications That Follow, Falyn Goldfarb 2014 Pace University

Animals' Capability To Bond And The Implications That Follow, Falyn Goldfarb

Honors College Theses

This paper explores the ways in which humans have historically viewed animals, with a focus on Descartes theory automata. Further concepts of the problem of different minds, inherent value, empathy, love, friendship, grief, isolation, anthropomorphism, and biochemistry (focusing on oxytocin, cortisol and the prefrontal cortex) are all explored. Numerous literature reviews are used as examples to fight against the argument that animals are merely machines and can therefore be used and abused. Animal social bonds, including parent-child, purely social, and animal-human, are analyzed for their evolutionary and biological purposes in attempt to highlight the relationships that are not obviously valuable ...


Can They Dig It? Functional Morphology And Degrees Of Semifossoriality Among Some American Shrews (Mammalia, Soricidae)., Neal Woodman, Sarah A. Gaffney 2014 SelectedWorks

Can They Dig It? Functional Morphology And Degrees Of Semifossoriality Among Some American Shrews (Mammalia, Soricidae)., Neal Woodman, Sarah A. Gaffney

Neal Woodman

Small-eared shrews (Mammalia: Soricidae: Cryptotis), exhibit modifications of the forelimb skeleton that have been interpreted as adaptations for semifossoriality. Most species inhabit remote regions, however, and their locomotory and foraging behaviors remain mostly speculative. To better understand the morphological modifications in the absence of direct observations, we quantified variation in these species by measuring 151 individuals representing 18 species and populations of Cryptotis and two species of moles (Talpidae) for comparison. From our measurements, we calculated 22 indices, most of which have been used previously to characterize substrate use among rodents and other taxa. We analyzed the indices using 1 ...


Behavioral Response To A Novel “X” Shape Target Stimuli In A Harbor Seal, Johanna F. Sholar, Anna K. Johnson, Keiko Sampson, Chad Comer, Kevin Drees 2014 Iowa State University

Behavioral Response To A Novel “X” Shape Target Stimuli In A Harbor Seal, Johanna F. Sholar, Anna K. Johnson, Keiko Sampson, Chad Comer, Kevin Drees

Animal Industry Report

The objective of this study was to provide an environmental enrichment device (shape target) to determine if it improved the Harbor Seal’s visibility in the underwater viewing windows when housed at the Blank Park Zoo. One male harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) 3-years of age weighing 39 kg was used. Testing occurred Saturday through Tuesday over 6 consecutive weeks between 1300 and 1330 h. Live observations were collected continuously by one observer. Latency, frequency, and duration were measured. All data is presented descriptively. During baseline the Seal had no interest in the window. Upon presenting the “X” target, he approached ...


Inclusion Of Fresh Pork Pancreas In Raw Pork Meat-Based Diets For African Wildcats (Felis Silvestris Tristrami) Does Not Impact Macronutrient Digestibility, Cheryl L. Morris, Kelly Kappen 2014 Iowa State University

Inclusion Of Fresh Pork Pancreas In Raw Pork Meat-Based Diets For African Wildcats (Felis Silvestris Tristrami) Does Not Impact Macronutrient Digestibility, Cheryl L. Morris, Kelly Kappen

Animal Industry Report

Apparent total tract macronutrient digestibility was evaluated in 4 African wildcats (Felis silvestris tristrami) fed beef or pork-based raw meat diets. Diets were formulated to meet nutrient requirements of cats (NRC, 2006). Cats were fed isocaloric amounts of either control (standard beef raw diet) or pork-based raw diets containing 0, 3, or 5% added raw pancreas, in four 14-day periods. Protein digestibility was higher for pork diets compared with beef and inclusion up to 5% fresh pancreas did not increase macronutrient digestibility in healthy animals. Raw pork can be fed to exotic felids as a viable alternative to standard beef-based ...


The Short-Term Effects Of A Routine Poisoning Campaign On The Movements And Detectability Of A Social Top-Predator., B l. Allen, R. M. Engeman, L. K-P. Leung 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Short-Term Effects Of A Routine Poisoning Campaign On The Movements And Detectability Of A Social Top-Predator., B L. Allen, R. M. Engeman, L. K-P. Leung

USDA National Wildlife Research Center - Staff Publications

Top-predators can be important components of resilient ecosystems, but they are still controlled in many places to mitigate a variety of economic, environmental and/or social impacts. Lethal control is often achieved through the broadscale application of poisoned baits. Understanding the direct and indirect effects of such lethal control on subsequent movements and behaviour of survivors is an important pre-requisite for interpreting the efficacy and ecological outcomes of top predator control. In this study, we use GPS tracking collars to investigate the fine-scale and short-term movements of dingoes (Canis lupus dingo and other wild dogs) in response to a routine ...


An Assessment Of Habitat Suitability For Pronghorn Populations Of The Central Valley Region Of California, Virginia Burroughs 2013 California Polytechnic State University

An Assessment Of Habitat Suitability For Pronghorn Populations Of The Central Valley Region Of California, Virginia Burroughs

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Efforts to reintroduce and maintain populations of pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) to the California Central Valley, specifically the Carrizo Plain National Monument (CPNM) and the Mojave Desert (Antelope Valley) portion of Tejon Ranch, have largely been unsuccessful due to dwindling numbers of translocated animals. The objective of this study was to improve upon previous models for the CPNM using aerial survey data and then apply the model to the Tejon Ranch. Aerial survey data collected from 2000-2010 on the CPNM was used to establish “use” and “non-use” areas in the model. Model variables included vegetation type (forest, shrub, grassland, semi-desert scrub ...


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