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Employing Natural History Collections In The Aid Of Conservation: Streamlining An Approach To Model Species Distributions En Masse For The Preservation Of Biodiversity, Alice Fornari 2018 The University of San Francisco

Employing Natural History Collections In The Aid Of Conservation: Streamlining An Approach To Model Species Distributions En Masse For The Preservation Of Biodiversity, Alice Fornari

Master's Projects and Capstones

Using species distribution models (SDMs) in Natural History Collections (NHCs) can influence how humans implement conservation changes in flora and fauna communities and ecosystems. Through the use of legacy data (old NHCs and their associated locality/collection information), data correction (background data or pseudo absences added to presence-only data), and the SDM software, Maxent (and its associated geographic information systems or GIS projected models), it has been shown that it is feasible to create a low budget protocol/setup to project the past, present and future of species population changes. This has been done in the past few decades as ...


Rediscovery Of Red Wolf Ghost Alleles In Canid Population Along The American Gulf Coast, Elizabeth Heppenheimer, Kristin Brzeski, Ron Wooten, William Waddell, Linda Y. Rutledge, Michael J. Chamberlain, et. al. 2018 Princeton University

Rediscovery Of Red Wolf Ghost Alleles In Canid Population Along The American Gulf Coast, Elizabeth Heppenheimer, Kristin Brzeski, Ron Wooten, William Waddell, Linda Y. Rutledge, Michael J. Chamberlain, Et. Al.

School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science Publications

Rediscovering species once thought to be extinct or on the edge of extinction is rare. Red wolves have been extinct along the American Gulf Coast since 1980, with their last populations found in coastal Louisiana and Texas. We report the rediscovery of red wolf ghost alleles in a canid population on Galveston Island, Texas. We analyzed over 7000 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 60 canid representatives from all legally recognized North American Canis species and two phenotypically ambiguous canids from Galveston Island. We found notably high Bayesian cluster assignments of the Galveston canids to captive red wolves with extensive sharing ...


Population Genomic Analysis Of North American Eastern Wolves (Canic Lycaon) Support Their Conservation Priority Status, Elizabeth Heppenheimer, Ryan Harrigan, Linda Rutledge, Klaus-Peter Koepfli, Alexandra L. DeCandia, Kristin Brzeski, et. al. 2018 Princeton University

Population Genomic Analysis Of North American Eastern Wolves (Canic Lycaon) Support Their Conservation Priority Status, Elizabeth Heppenheimer, Ryan Harrigan, Linda Rutledge, Klaus-Peter Koepfli, Alexandra L. Decandia, Kristin Brzeski, Et. Al.

School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science Publications

The threatened eastern wolf is found predominantly in protected areas of central Ontario and has an evolutionary history obscured by interbreeding with coyotes and gray wolves, which challenges its conservation status and subsequent management. Here, we used a population genomics approach to uncover spatial patterns of variation in 281 canids in central Ontario and the Great Lakes region. This represents the first genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) dataset with substantial sample sizes of representative populations. Although they comprise their own genetic cluster, we found evidence of eastern wolf dispersal outside of the boundaries of protected areas, in that the frequency ...


Painted Ferocity: The Social Behaviors Of African Wild Dogs, Threats To Survival, And Resulting Conservation Initiatives, Alexis Valdes 2018 Liberty University

Painted Ferocity: The Social Behaviors Of African Wild Dogs, Threats To Survival, And Resulting Conservation Initiatives, Alexis Valdes

Senior Honors Theses

African Wild Dogs (Lycaon pictus) are an endangered species of canid from Sub-Saharan Africa. They are very social communal hunters, and are capable of chasing down prey for long stretches of time. Wild dogs benefit a savannah ecosystem by regulating the populations of their prey so that it does not become unhealthy and overgrown. Like many organisms, wild dogs are also in competition with other predators for resources, namely lions and hyenas, who are capable of stealing their kills and occasionally injuring and killing them. Due to the depletion of their wild prey, wild dogs may also prey upon farmers ...


Bats Of Saint Lucia, Lesser Antilles, Scott C. Pedersen, Gary G. Kwiecinski, Hugh H. Genoways, Roxanne J. Larsen, Peter A. Larsen, Carleton J. Phillips, Robert J. Baker 2018 South Dakota State University

Bats Of Saint Lucia, Lesser Antilles, Scott C. Pedersen, Gary G. Kwiecinski, Hugh H. Genoways, Roxanne J. Larsen, Peter A. Larsen, Carleton J. Phillips, Robert J. Baker

Mammalogy Papers: University of Nebraska State Museum

Eight species of bat have been previously recorded from the island of Saint Lucia: Noctilio leporinus, Monophyllus plethodon, Artibeus jamaicensis, Brachyphylla cavernarum, Ardops nichollsi, Sturnira paulsoni, Molossus molossus, and Tadarida brasiliensis. Herein, we add a ninth species to the fauna—Pteronotus davyi. These nine species represent nine genera from four families: Noctilionidae, Mormoopidae, Phyllostomidae, and Molossidae. This fauna includes four trophic guilds: N. leporinus (piscivore/insectivore), M. plethodon (nectarivore/pollenivore), A. jamaicensis × schwartzi, B. cavernarum, A. nichollsi, and S. paulsoni (frugivores), and P. davyi, M. molossus, and T. brasiliensis (insectivores). Based on its geographic location, the bat fauna of St ...


Courtship Behavior, Communication, And Copulation In Tigrosa Annexa, Samuel White 2018 Murray State University

Courtship Behavior, Communication, And Copulation In Tigrosa Annexa, Samuel White

Scholars Week

The evolution of multimodal communication, where signalers use multiple signal components in multiple sensory modalities, has become the subject of investigation by many researchers. Signaling puts males at risk of predation, so why do males of some species evolve extra signals that may increase this risk? In some wolf spider species, males incorporate many visual and vibrational signals into a display that they use to attract a female for mating. Female spiders are often aggressive toward courting males and so the male display also functions to decrease the odds of cannibalism. Female wandering spiders deposit silk containing pheromones that communicate ...


Alternative Genes For Exploring Ranavirus Phylogenetics: Four Core Genes Compared To The Major Capsid Protein And The Whole Genome., Abigale Garner 2018 Gordon College - Barnesville

Alternative Genes For Exploring Ranavirus Phylogenetics: Four Core Genes Compared To The Major Capsid Protein And The Whole Genome., Abigale Garner

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

The Iridoviridae is a family of virus that infects invertebrates and poikilothermic vertebrates such as amphibians, reptiles, and fish. Ranavirus is one of the five genera within the Iridoviridae. Ranavirus infections have been seen on every continent. The ranaviruses have 26 core genes, but our study focuses on the utility of: an immediate early protein ICP-46 [open reading frame (ORF) 91R in Frog virus 3 (FV3)]; a transcription elongation factor TIIS (ORF 81R in FV3); Evrl/Air family protein (ORF 88R in FV3); and a hypothetical/putative protein of unknown function (ORF 94R in FV3) as alternative genes for phylogenetic ...


Museum Metabarcoding: A Novel Method Revealing Gut Helminth Communities Of Small Mammals Across Space And Time, Stephen E. Greiman, Joseph A. Cook, Vasyl V. Tkach, Eric P. Hoberg, Damian M. Menning, Andrew G. Hope, Sarah A. Sonsthagen, Sandra L. Talbot 2018 Georgia Southern University

Museum Metabarcoding: A Novel Method Revealing Gut Helminth Communities Of Small Mammals Across Space And Time, Stephen E. Greiman, Joseph A. Cook, Vasyl V. Tkach, Eric P. Hoberg, Damian M. Menning, Andrew G. Hope, Sarah A. Sonsthagen, Sandra L. Talbot

Faculty Publications from the Harold W. Manter Laboratory of Parasitology

Natural history collections spanning multiple decades provide fundamental historical baselines to measure and understand changing biodiversity. New technologies such as next generation DNA sequencing have considerably increased the potential of museum specimens to address significant questions regarding the impact of environmental changes on host and parasite/pathogen dynamics. We developed a new technique to identify intestinal helminth parasites and applied it to shrews (Eulipotyphla: Soricidae) because they are ubiquitous, occupy diverse habitats, and host a diverse and abundant parasite fauna. Notably, we included museum specimens preserved in various ways to explore the efficacy of using metabarcoding analyses that may enable ...


Callorhinus Ursinus - Northern, Pribilof, Or Alaska Fur Seal, Roger W. Barbour 2018 Morehead State University

Callorhinus Ursinus - Northern, Pribilof, Or Alaska Fur Seal, Roger W. Barbour

Roger W. Barbour Slide Collection

Callorhinus ursinus - Northern, Pribilof, or Alaska fur seal


Callorhinus Ursinus - Northern, Pribilof, Or Alaska Fur Seal, Roger W. Barbour 2018 Morehead State University

Callorhinus Ursinus - Northern, Pribilof, Or Alaska Fur Seal, Roger W. Barbour

Roger W. Barbour Slide Collection

Callorhinus ursinus - Northern, Pribilof, or Alaska fur seal


Felis Yagouaroundi, Roger W. Barbour 2018 Morehead State University

Felis Yagouaroundi, Roger W. Barbour

Roger W. Barbour Slide Collection

Felis yagouaroundi


Ovibos Moschatus - Muskox, Roger W. Barbour 2018 Morehead State University

Ovibos Moschatus - Muskox, Roger W. Barbour

Roger W. Barbour Slide Collection

Ovibos moschatus - Muskox


Bison - American Bison, Buffalo, Roger W. Barbour 2018 Morehead State University

Bison - American Bison, Buffalo, Roger W. Barbour

Roger W. Barbour Slide Collection

Bison - American Bison, Buffalo


Antilocapra Americana - Pronghorn, Roger W. Barbour 2018 Morehead State University

Antilocapra Americana - Pronghorn, Roger W. Barbour

Roger W. Barbour Slide Collection

Antilocapra americana - Pronghorn


Antilocapra Americana - Pronghorn, Roger W. Barbour 2018 Morehead State University

Antilocapra Americana - Pronghorn, Roger W. Barbour

Roger W. Barbour Slide Collection

Antilocapra americana - Pronghorn


Antilocapra Americana - Pronghorn, Roger W. Barbour 2018 Morehead State University

Antilocapra Americana - Pronghorn, Roger W. Barbour

Roger W. Barbour Slide Collection

Antilocapra americana - Pronghorn


Odocoileus Hemionus - Mule Or Black-Tailed Deer, Roger W. Barbour 2018 Morehead State University

Odocoileus Hemionus - Mule Or Black-Tailed Deer, Roger W. Barbour

Roger W. Barbour Slide Collection

Odocoileus hemionus - Mule or Black-tailed Deer


Cervus Elaphus Roosevelti, Roger W. Barbour 2018 Morehead State University

Cervus Elaphus Roosevelti, Roger W. Barbour

Roger W. Barbour Slide Collection

Cervus elaphus roosevelti


Cervus Elaphus Nannodes - Red Deer, Elk, Roger W. Barbour 2018 Morehead State University

Cervus Elaphus Nannodes - Red Deer, Elk, Roger W. Barbour

Roger W. Barbour Slide Collection

Cervus elaphus nannodes - Red Deer, Elk


Cervus Dama, Roger W. Barbour 2018 Morehead State University

Cervus Dama, Roger W. Barbour

Roger W. Barbour Slide Collection

Cervus dama


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