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Vigilancia De Las Agresiones Causadas Por Animales Susceptibles A Rabia, Una Lesión De Causa Externa Evitable, Casanare-Colombia, 2012-2016, Yenny Angélica Azuero Vargas, Oneida Castañeda-Porras, Olga Lucía Ramírez Jiménez 2020 Secretaría de Salud de Casanare

Vigilancia De Las Agresiones Causadas Por Animales Susceptibles A Rabia, Una Lesión De Causa Externa Evitable, Casanare-Colombia, 2012-2016, Yenny Angélica Azuero Vargas, Oneida Castañeda-Porras, Olga Lucía Ramírez Jiménez

Revista de Medicina Veterinaria

La vigilancia, prevención y control de la rabia es una prioridad para la salud pública, especialmente, la rabia transmitida por perros (variante 1) y la rabia silvestre. El objetivo de esta investigación fue describir el comportamiento epidemiológico del evento entre 2012-2016 en el departamento de Casanare-Colombia. El estudio fue descriptivo, retrospectivo a partir de la notificación de casos al Sistema Nacional de Vigilancia en Salud PúblicaSivigila. Variables a estudio: a) características sociodemográficas, b) agresión/contacto, c) exposición, d) inmunización y e) tratamiento. Aplicación de estadística descriptiva y cálculo de indicadores de vigilancia. Datos analizados con el paquete estadístico Epi-(6036 ...


Desempeño De Bancos Forrajeros De Cratylia Argentea (Desv.) Kuntze, En Suelos Degradados En El Departamento De Casanare, Alexander Navas Panadero, José Ignacio Daza Cárdenas, Victor Montaña Barrera 2020 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Desempeño De Bancos Forrajeros De Cratylia Argentea (Desv.) Kuntze, En Suelos Degradados En El Departamento De Casanare, Alexander Navas Panadero, José Ignacio Daza Cárdenas, Victor Montaña Barrera

Revista de Medicina Veterinaria

Las épocas de sequía o lluvias extremas afectan la eficiencia en los sistemas ganaderos, los cuales basan la producción de forrajes en el monocultivo de gramíneas, estas son más vulnerables a las condiciones climáticas extremas, lo que hace necesario buscar alternativas de plantas más resistentes a estas condiciones. Se determinó el desempeño de Cratylia argentea en bancos forrajeros, establecidos en suelos degradados con alto uso de agroquímicos, bajo condiciones de bosque húmedo tropical. El estudio se realizó durante un año y se estableció en la finca Matapantano, ubicada en Yopal, Casanare (Colombia), se determinó el efecto sobre las propiedades físico-químicas ...


Intoxicación Accidental Con Nerium Oleander En Lechería Caprina En La Región Metropolitana De Santiago En Chile, Carlos Andrés Flores Olivares, Cristina Andrea Moraga Muñoz, Francisco López Eldredge, Isabel Pinto Morales, Lía Alejandra Navarrete Figueroa, Constanza Andrea Rodríguez Latorre, Romina Javiera de María Peña Meza, Susana Sam Rodríguez 2020 Universidad Mayor, Santiago de Chile

Intoxicación Accidental Con Nerium Oleander En Lechería Caprina En La Región Metropolitana De Santiago En Chile, Carlos Andrés Flores Olivares, Cristina Andrea Moraga Muñoz, Francisco López Eldredge, Isabel Pinto Morales, Lía Alejandra Navarrete Figueroa, Constanza Andrea Rodríguez Latorre, Romina Javiera De María Peña Meza, Susana Sam Rodríguez

Revista de Medicina Veterinaria

En establecimiento de pequeño productor caprino (n = 52) en la zona central de Chile, se les administraron en comederos plantas ornamentales y pastos que fueron obtenidos posterior a la poda de jardines en sectores aledaños. A las 12 horas post ingesta de este alimento se encuentran 8 caprinos, hembras, adultos, productivos muertos previo al ingreso a sala de ordeña. El episodio de mortandad se extendió por 84 horas generando una mortalidad del 48 % y una morbilidad del 52 %. Se realizó visita, inspección clínica, necropsia y análisis microscópico de especímenes fijados en solución formolada tamponada al 10 %. La inspección clínica confirma ...


La Displasia De Codo En El Perro: Una Propuesta De Modelización Biomecánica, Julio Gil García, Ricardo Olivares Pérez-Montt 2020 Universidad de Zaragoza, España

La Displasia De Codo En El Perro: Una Propuesta De Modelización Biomecánica, Julio Gil García, Ricardo Olivares Pérez-Montt

Revista de Medicina Veterinaria

La displasia del codo (DC), es un término general, usado para designar una enfermedad hereditaria poligénica del codo de los perros. Los huesos de las articulaciones involucradas son tres: húmero, ulna y radio, que dan lugar a tres articulaciones: humeroradial, humeroulnar y radioulnar. Cuatro procesos configuran dicha enfermedad, en forma independiente o en combinación: I) Fractura del proceso coronoides medial, II) Osteocondritis disecante del cóndilo del húmero, III) No unión del proceso ancóneo y IV) Incongruencia entre radio y ulna. Con el objetivo de contribuir al mejor conocimiento de esta enfermedad, se investigó si existía alguna asociación entre la mecánica ...


Comportamiento Ingestivo Diurno Y Desempeño Productivo De Corderos Suplementados Con Semilla De Algodón Y Maíz Molido, Emiro Andrés Suárez Paternina, Libardo Alfonso Maza Ángulo, Wilson Andrés Barragán Hernández, René Mauricio Patiño Pardo, Oscar David Vergara Garay, Lorena Angélica Aguayo Ulloa 2020 Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria - AGROSAVIA

Comportamiento Ingestivo Diurno Y Desempeño Productivo De Corderos Suplementados Con Semilla De Algodón Y Maíz Molido, Emiro Andrés Suárez Paternina, Libardo Alfonso Maza Ángulo, Wilson Andrés Barragán Hernández, René Mauricio Patiño Pardo, Oscar David Vergara Garay, Lorena Angélica Aguayo Ulloa

Revista de Medicina Veterinaria

El estudio del comportamiento ingestivo es importante para conocer el desempeño de los animales y es especialmente imprescindible cuando se evalúan diferentes regímenes de alimentación. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar la conducta ingestiva diurna y la respuesta productiva de corderos criollos suplementados con semilla de algodón (SA) y maíz molido (MM). Se emplearon 16 corderos criollos machos enteros con peso inicial de 16 ± 2 kg, los cuales fueron distribuidos aleatoriamente en cuatro tratamientos experimentales consistentes en: T0 = Pastoreo, T1 = Pastoreo + 25 % SA + 75 % MM, T2 = Pastoreo + 50 SA + 50 % MM y T3 = Pastoreo + 75% SA + 25 % MM. En ...


Utilidad De Las Herramientas Cartográficas Para El Diagnóstico, Análisis Y Monitoreo De La Gestión Ambiental En Producciones Avícolas Y Porcícolas, María Elena Belalcázar Zafra, Carolina Bespalhok Jacometo, Diego Soler-Tovar, Patricia Hernández Rodríguez 2020 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Utilidad De Las Herramientas Cartográficas Para El Diagnóstico, Análisis Y Monitoreo De La Gestión Ambiental En Producciones Avícolas Y Porcícolas, María Elena Belalcázar Zafra, Carolina Bespalhok Jacometo, Diego Soler-Tovar, Patricia Hernández Rodríguez

Revista de Medicina Veterinaria

No abstract provided.


Guacamayos En Peligro De Extinción Criados Por Híbridos, Antonio Alejandro Sciabarrasi Bagilet, Adrián Hugo Cornejo Bering 2020 Universidad Nacional del Litoral

Guacamayos En Peligro De Extinción Criados Por Híbridos, Antonio Alejandro Sciabarrasi Bagilet, Adrián Hugo Cornejo Bering

Revista de Medicina Veterinaria

La intervención humana es generalmente responsable de la creación de psitácidos híbridos en cautiverio. Este es el núcleo de la controversia del presente artículo. Con y sin intención se generan híbridos en los centros de fauna, que se suman a aquellos ingresados por entregas voluntarias de sus tenedores o como resultado del tráfico ilegal de especies. Esto conduce a la existencia de aves, sin una finalidad concreta, en refugios dedicados a la conservación. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo relatar la cría de guacamayos en peligro de extinción como herramienta para la conservación, usando guacamayos híbridos a manera de padres sustitutos ...


Fístula Cutánea Secundaria A Úlcera De Abomaso De Una Cabra: Reporte De Caso, María Angélica Hernández Molina, Laura Paola Pinto Rojas, German Alonso Prada Sanmiguel 2020 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Fístula Cutánea Secundaria A Úlcera De Abomaso De Una Cabra: Reporte De Caso, María Angélica Hernández Molina, Laura Paola Pinto Rojas, German Alonso Prada Sanmiguel

Revista de Medicina Veterinaria

Las úlceras abomasales son raras y poco conocidas en los pequeños rumiantes y en los rumiantes, en general. Estas llegan a presentarse por diferentes causas como lo son: la dieta, el estrés, la alteración de los mecanismos protectores de la mucosa gástrica, entre otros. En este artículo, se presenta el caso de un caprino hembra raza criolla de aproximadamente diecisiete años, que presentaba una lesión en la región ventral del abdomen, entre la cicatriz del ombligo y el cartílago xifoides, y, adicionalmente, tenía una enfermedad articular. Como método de diagnóstico se realizaron exámenes paraclínicos como: cuadro hemático, coprológico y toma ...


Role Of Coastal Environmental Conditions During Austral Winter On Plankton Community Dynamics And The Occurrence Of Pseudo-Nitzschia Spp. And Domoic Acid In Inhambane Province, Mozambique, Holly Kelchner 2020 Louisiana State University

Role Of Coastal Environmental Conditions During Austral Winter On Plankton Community Dynamics And The Occurrence Of Pseudo-Nitzschia Spp. And Domoic Acid In Inhambane Province, Mozambique, Holly Kelchner

LSU Master's Theses

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are increasing globally in frequency, persistence, and geographic extent. HABs pose a threat to economic stability, and ecosystem and human health. To date no incidences of marine toxins produced by phytoplankton have been recorded in Mozambique, which may be due to the absence of a monitoring program and general awareness of the potential threat. This study is the first documentation of the occurrence of a neurotoxin, domoic acid (DA), produced by the diatom genus Pseudo-nitzschia spp. along the east coast of Africa. The coast of Inhambane Province is a biodiversity hotspot where year-round Rhincodon typus (whale ...


Effects Of Farrowing Stall Layout And Number Of Heat Lamps On Sow And Piglet Production Performance, Suzanne M. Leonard, Hongwei Xin, Tami M. Brown-Brandl, Brett C. Ramirez, Somak Dutta, Gary A. Rohrer 2020 Iowa State University

Effects Of Farrowing Stall Layout And Number Of Heat Lamps On Sow And Piglet Production Performance, Suzanne M. Leonard, Hongwei Xin, Tami M. Brown-Brandl, Brett C. Ramirez, Somak Dutta, Gary A. Rohrer

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Most farrowing facilities in the United States use stalls and heat lamps to improve sow and piglet productivity. This study investigated these factors by comparing production outcomes for three different farrowing stall layouts (traditional, expanded creep area, expanded sow area) and use of one or two heat lamps. Data were collected on 427 sows and their litters over one year. Results showed no statistical differences due to experimental treatment for any of the production metrics recorded, excluding percent stillborn. Parity one sows had fewer piglets born alive (p < 0.001), lower percent mortality (p = 0.001) and over-lay (p = 0.003), and a greater number of piglets weaned (p < 0.001) with lower average daily weight gain (ADG) (p < 0.001) and more uniform litters (p = 0.001) as compared to higher parity sows. Farrowing turn, associated with group/seasonal changes, had a significant impact on most of the production metrics measured. Number of piglets born influenced the percent stillborn (p < 0.001). Adjusted litter size had a significant impact on percent mortality (p < 0.001), percent over-lay (p < 0.001), and number of piglets weaned (p < 0.001). As the number of piglets weaned per litter increased, both piglet ADG and litter uniformity decreased (p < 0.001). This information can be used to guide producers in farrowing facility design.


Pcr Cloning Combined With Dna Barcoding Enables Partial Identification Of Fish Species In A Mixed-Species Product, Anthony J. Silva, Michael D. Kawalek, Donna M. Williams-Hill, Rosalee S. Hellberg 2020 Chapman University

Pcr Cloning Combined With Dna Barcoding Enables Partial Identification Of Fish Species In A Mixed-Species Product, Anthony J. Silva, Michael D. Kawalek, Donna M. Williams-Hill, Rosalee S. Hellberg

Food Science Faculty Articles and Research

DNA barcoding is a valuable tool for regulatory identification of fish species; however, it does not perform well when multiple species are present within the same food product. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the use of PCR cloning to identify fish in a mixed-species product that cannot be identified with standard DNA barcoding. A total of 15 fish ball mixtures were prepared with known amounts of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus), and walleye pollock (Gadus chalcogrammus). Three subsamples from each fish ball underwent DNA extraction, full DNA barcoding (655 bp), and mini-barcoding (226 ...


Vaginal Microbiota Diverges In Sows With Low And High Reproductive Performance After Porcine Reproductive And Respiratory Syndrome Vaccination, L. P. Sanglard, S. Schmitz-Esser, K. A. Gray, D. C. L. Linhares, C. J. Yeoman, J. C. M. Dekkers, M. C. Niederwerder, N. V. L. Serão 2020 Iowa State University

Vaginal Microbiota Diverges In Sows With Low And High Reproductive Performance After Porcine Reproductive And Respiratory Syndrome Vaccination, L. P. Sanglard, S. Schmitz-Esser, K. A. Gray, D. C. L. Linhares, C. J. Yeoman, J. C. M. Dekkers, M. C. Niederwerder, N. V. L. Serão

Animal Science Publications

Previous studies have demonstrated evidence for a relationship between the vaginal microbiome and reproductive performance, suggesting the vaginal microbiota may serve as a tool to predict farrowing outcomes in commercial pigs. In this study, we compared the vaginal microbiome in sows with low and high farrowing performance and used it to classify animals with contrasting reproductive outcomes in commercial sows following immune challenge with porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome (PRRS) vaccination. Eighteen microbes were differentially abundant (q-value < 0.05) between the Low and High farrowing performance groups. Among them, Campylobacter, Bacteroides, Porphyromonas, Lachnospiraceae unclassified, Prevotella, and Phascolarctobacterium were also selected in the discriminant and linear regression analyses, and could be used ...


Consumption Of The Total Western Diet Promotes Colitis And Inflammation-Associated Colorectal Cancer In Mice, Abby D. Benninghoff, Korry J. Hintze, Stephany P. Monsanto, Daphne Michelle Rodriguez Jimenez, Ashli H. Hunter, Sumira Phatak, James J. Pestka, Arnaud J. Van Wettere, Robert E. Ward 2020 Utah State University

Consumption Of The Total Western Diet Promotes Colitis And Inflammation-Associated Colorectal Cancer In Mice, Abby D. Benninghoff, Korry J. Hintze, Stephany P. Monsanto, Daphne Michelle Rodriguez Jimenez, Ashli H. Hunter, Sumira Phatak, James J. Pestka, Arnaud J. Van Wettere, Robert E. Ward

Animal, Dairy, and Veterinary Science Faculty Publications

Consumption of a Western type diet is a known risk factor for colorectal cancer. Our group previously developed the total Western diet (TWD) for rodents with energy and nutrient profiles that emulate a typical Western diet. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that consumption of the TWD would enhance colitis, delay recovery from gut injury and promote colon tumorigenesis. In multiple experiments using the azoxymethane + dextran sodium sulfate or ApcMin/+ mouse models of colitis-associated colorectal carcinogenesis (CAC), we determined that mice fed TWD experienced more severe and more prolonged colitis compared to their counterparts fed the standard AIN93G ...


Impacts Of Invasive Rats On Hawaiian Cave Resources, Francis G. Howarth, Fred D. Stone 2020 Bernice P. Bishop Museum

Impacts Of Invasive Rats On Hawaiian Cave Resources, Francis G. Howarth, Fred D. Stone

International Journal of Speleology

Although there are no published studies and limited data documenting damage by rodents in Hawaiian caves, our incidental observations during more than 40 years of surveying caves indicate that introduced rodents, especially the roof rat, Rattus rattus, pose significant threats to vulnerable cave resources. Caves, with their nearly constant and predictable physical environment often house important natural and cultural features including biological, paleontological, geological, climatic, mineralogical, cultural, and archaeological resources. All four invasive rodents in Hawai‘i commonly nest in cave entrances and rock shelters, but only the roof rat (Rattus rattus) habitually enters caves and utilizes areas in total ...


Economic Estimates Of Invasive Wild Pig Damage To Crops In 12 Us States, Sophie McKee, Aaron Anderson, Keith Carlisle, Stephanie A. Shwiff 2020 USDA/APHIS/WS National Wildlife Research Center & Colorado State University

Economic Estimates Of Invasive Wild Pig Damage To Crops In 12 Us States, Sophie Mckee, Aaron Anderson, Keith Carlisle, Stephanie A. Shwiff

USDA National Wildlife Research Center - Staff Publications

We report the results of a survey on invasive wild pig (Sus scrofa L.) damage and control in 12 US states (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, and Texas). The crops chosen for this study represent the “second-tier” in terms of economic importance after the six crops that were the subject of Anderson et al. (2016). The survey was distributed by the USDA National Agricultural Statistical Service (NASS) in the summer of 2019 to a sample of producers in each of the states (except California) of the following six crops: hay, pecans (Carya ...


Analysis Of An Agent-Based Model For Predicting The Behavior Of Bighead Carp (Hypophthalmichthys Nobilis) Under The Influence Of Acoustic Deterrence, Craig Garzella, Joseph Gaudy, Karl R. B. Schmitt, Arezu Mansuri 2020 Valparaiso University

Analysis Of An Agent-Based Model For Predicting The Behavior Of Bighead Carp (Hypophthalmichthys Nobilis) Under The Influence Of Acoustic Deterrence, Craig Garzella, Joseph Gaudy, Karl R. B. Schmitt, Arezu Mansuri

Spora: A Journal of Biomathematics

Bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis) are an invasive, voracious, highly fecund species threatening the ecological integrity of the Great Lakes. This agent-based model and analysis explore bighead carp behavior in response to acoustic deterrence in an effort to discover properties that increase likelihood of deterrence system failure. Results indicate the most significant (p < 0.05) influences on barrier failure are the quantity of detritus and plankton behind the barrier, total number of bighead carp successfully deterred by the barrier, and number of native fishes freely moving throughout the simulation. Quantity of resources behind the barrier influence bighead carp to penetrate when populations are resource deprived. When native fish populations are low, an accumulation of phytoplankton can occur, increasing the likelihood of an algal bloom occurrence. Findings of this simulation suggest successful implementation with proper maintenance of an acoustic deterrence system has potential of abating the threat of bighead carp on ecological integrity of the Great Lakes.


Range Extension For Dekay’S Brownsnake (Storeria Dekayi) In South-Central Nebraska, Macy K. Cool, Keith Geluso 2020 University of Nebraska at Kearney

Range Extension For Dekay’S Brownsnake (Storeria Dekayi) In South-Central Nebraska, Macy K. Cool, Keith Geluso

Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences and Affiliated Societies

Dekay’s Brownsnake (Storeria dekayi) generally occurs in southeastern parts of the state, where the species was known from 16 counties. Herein, we update the distribution of S. dekayi in the state and briefly comment on habitat and abundance from observations in September and October 2018. We documented 7 new county records that extend its distribution in south-central Nebraska. We observed that S. dekayi does not only reside in mesic wooded habitats in Nebraska but also occupies open environments, including areas with upland grasslands and row-crop agriculture. Dekay’s Brownsnake currently is listed as a species of concern in Nebraska ...


Vaejovis Lapidicola Stahnke, 1940: Hemispermatophore And Mating Plug From A Topotype Male (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae), Brandon Myers, Richard F. Ayrey 2020 Marshall University

Vaejovis Lapidicola Stahnke, 1940: Hemispermatophore And Mating Plug From A Topotype Male (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae), Brandon Myers, Richard F. Ayrey

Euscorpius

While doing research on an undescribed scorpion species, we needed to examine the hemispermatophore and mating plug of Vaejovis lapidicola Stahnke, 1940. Included are photographs and a description of these structures from a topotype specimen collected in the same “red sandstone quarry” (Flagstaff, Arizona, USA), from which Herbert Stahnke collected the original specimens in 1938.


Juvenile Rank Acquisition Is Associated With Fitness Independent Of Adult Rank, Eli D. Strauss, Daizaburo Shizuka, Kay E. Holekamp 2020 Michigan State University

Juvenile Rank Acquisition Is Associated With Fitness Independent Of Adult Rank, Eli D. Strauss, Daizaburo Shizuka, Kay E. Holekamp

Faculty Publications in the Biological Sciences

Social rank is a significant determinant of fitness in a variety of species. The importance of social rank suggests that the process by which juveniles come to establish their position in the social hierarchy is a critical component of development. Here, we use the highly predictable process of rank acquisition in spotted hyenas to study the consequences of variation in rank acquisition in early life. In spotted hyenas, rank is ‘inherited’ through a learning process called ‘maternal rank inheritance.’ This pattern is very consistent: approximately 80% of juveniles acquire the exact rank expected under the rules of maternal rank inheritance ...


Anthropogenic Disturbance And Population Viability Of Woodland Caribou In Ontario, John M. Fryxell, Tal Avgar, Boyan Liu, James A. Baker, Arthur R. Rodgers, Jennifer Shuter, Ian D. Thompson, Douglas E. B. Reid, Andrew M. Kittle, Anna Mosser, Steven G. Newmaster, Tom D. Nudds, Garrett M. Street, Glen S. Brown, Brent Patterson 2020 University of Guelph

Anthropogenic Disturbance And Population Viability Of Woodland Caribou In Ontario, John M. Fryxell, Tal Avgar, Boyan Liu, James A. Baker, Arthur R. Rodgers, Jennifer Shuter, Ian D. Thompson, Douglas E. B. Reid, Andrew M. Kittle, Anna Mosser, Steven G. Newmaster, Tom D. Nudds, Garrett M. Street, Glen S. Brown, Brent Patterson

Wildland Resources Faculty Publications

One of the most challenging tasks in wildlife conservation and management is to clarify how spatial variation in land cover due to anthropogenic disturbance influences wildlife demography and long‐term viability. To evaluate this, we compared rates of survival and population growth by woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) from 2 study sites in northern Ontario, Canada that differed in the degree of anthropogenic disturbance because of commercial logging and road development, resulting in differences in predation risk due to gray wolves (Canis lupus). We used an individual‐based model for population viability analysis (PVA) that incorporated adaptive patterns of caribou ...


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