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Intraocular Sparganosis (Platyhelminthes: Cestoda: Pseudophyllidea: Diphyllobothriidae) In The Green Tree Snake Dendrelaphis Punctulatus (Serpentes: Colubridae: Colubrinae)., Terence J. Annable, Dean C. Metcalfe 2017 Avondale College of Higher Education

Intraocular Sparganosis (Platyhelminthes: Cestoda: Pseudophyllidea: Diphyllobothriidae) In The Green Tree Snake Dendrelaphis Punctulatus (Serpentes: Colubridae: Colubrinae)., Terence J. Annable, Dean C. Metcalfe

Terry Annable

Sparganosis is a parasitic condition found almost on a worldwide scale that can infest fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. In the case described a green tree snake was found to have a dormant intraocular parasite (sparganum) leading to glaucoma and blindness. The first intermediate host is a small aquatic crustacean, commonly Cyclops. Animals can become second intermediate hosts when they ingest contaminated water. The parasite encysts as a sparganum usually forming a small lump under the skin that may remain dormant for many years. The definitive hosts for these parasitic tapeworms are carnivorous mammals such as cats, dogs or ...


Effect Of Reproductive Efficiency In Regards To Workload On Peripheral Circulations Of Blood Cortisol And Leptin In The Open Mare, Michaelle K. Coker 2016 Stephen F Austin State University

Effect Of Reproductive Efficiency In Regards To Workload On Peripheral Circulations Of Blood Cortisol And Leptin In The Open Mare, Michaelle K. Coker

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Effect of Reproductive Efficiency in Regards to Workload on Peripheral Circulations of Blood Cortisol and Leptin in the Open Mare

(December, 2016)

Michaelle Kathleen Coker, B.S., Texas A&M University

Thesis Director: Dr. John Michael Mehaffey

Quarter and Paint horse mares (n= 9) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups after being blocked based by expected conception date. Groups consist of mares on no work (NW), light work (LW), and moderate work (MW). Blood was taken weekly via jugular venipuncture prior to first heat cycle from each mare. Additionally, blood was taken at time of ovulation and then weekly until a 30 day (d) heartbeat was reported for the fetus. Each blood sample was assayed for leptin and cortisol concentrations, to see if cardiovascular fitness played a role in these reproductive hormones. There was a statistical difference between body weight (BW) (p-value < 0.0001) between the groups based on a week interaction. When blood leptin concentrations were observed for a successful 30d pregnancy between the groups, a statistical difference was seen between LW and MW (p-value < 0.0001). Statistical significance was seen between LW and NW (p-value = 0.0069) for serum cortisol levels for mares with successful 15d pregnancies. This study showed moderate workload could be beneficial on reproductive efficiency, while light work could be harmful to the open mare; however more research is needed.


Follicular Dynamics In Insulin Resistant Mares, Julio Cesar Prado 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Follicular Dynamics In Insulin Resistant Mares, Julio Cesar Prado

Masters Theses

Obesity and insulin resistance have been linked to prolonged interovulatory period, aberrations in the estrous cycle, and continuous reproductive activity during the non-breeding season. EMS has been determined to influence the intrafollicular environment of mare ovaries. In humans, insulin resistance has been linked to polycystic ovaries as part of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). A study was conducted to determine 1) the impact of insulin resistance on follicle growth and size at ovulation, and 2) whether predicted ovulatory follicles respond to hCG administration in Insulin-resistant (IR) mares. Mares were selected for the study based on insulin sensitivity and separated into an ...


Effect Of Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid (N-3 Pufa) Supplementation To Lactating Sows On Growth And Indicators Of Stress In The Post-Weaned Pig, John M. McAfee 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Effect Of Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid (N-3 Pufa) Supplementation To Lactating Sows On Growth And Indicators Of Stress In The Post-Weaned Pig, John M. Mcafee

Masters Theses

The first experiment was designed to determine the concentration of protected fish oil product (PFO), as GromegaTM, to be added that would sufficiently decrease the polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) ratio in the sows’ milk and colostrum. Of the 3 diets tested (0.25%, 0.5% and 1%) with a control (0% PFO), only the 1% PFO diet had an effect on the PUFA concentrations. The docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) concentration tended (P = 0.05) to be greater in the 1% PFO diet for both colostrum and milk samples. A second experiment was designed to examine the effects of feeding the ...


Effect Of Varying Rumen Degradable And Undegradable Protein On Milk Production And Nitrogen Efficiency In Lactating Dairy Cows Under Summer Conditions, Jeffrey D. Kaufman 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Effect Of Varying Rumen Degradable And Undegradable Protein On Milk Production And Nitrogen Efficiency In Lactating Dairy Cows Under Summer Conditions, Jeffrey D. Kaufman

Masters Theses

The objective is to determine the effect of reducing nitrogen input through feeding low rumen degradable protein (RDP) and rumen undegradable protein (RUP) proportions on milk production, nitrogen efficiency and metabolism in heat-stressed cows. Forty-eight mid-lactating, Holstein cows were assigned to treatments using a randomized block design in a 2x2 factorial arrangement of treatments (n = 12/treatment). Treatments included two levels of RDP (10 and 8%) and two levels of RUP (8 and 6%). From d 1 to 21, a common diet (10% RDP-8% RUP) was fed to cows followed with their respective treatment diets fed from d 22 to ...


Swine Day 2016 Full Report, R. D. Goodband, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. M. DeRouchey, J. C. Woodworth 2016 Kansas State University, Manhattan

Swine Day 2016 Full Report, R. D. Goodband, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. M. Derouchey, J. C. Woodworth

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

It is with great pleasure that we present the 2016 Swine Industry Day Report of Progress. This report contains updates and summaries of applied and basic research conducted at Kansas State University during the past year. We hope that the information will be of benefit as we attempt to meet the needs of the Kansas swine industry.


Foreword And Supplemental Information, Swine Day, R. D. Goodband, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. M. DeRouchey, J. C. Woodworth 2016 Kansas State University, Manhattan

Foreword And Supplemental Information, Swine Day, R. D. Goodband, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. M. Derouchey, J. C. Woodworth

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

It is with great pleasure that we present the 2016 Swine Industry Day Report of Progress. This report contains updates and summaries of applied and basic research conducted at Kansas State University during the past year. We hope that the information will be of benefit as we attempt to meet the needs of the Kansas swine industry.


The Effect Of Liquid Application Times, And Mixer Types With Different Wet Mix Times On Uniformity Of Mix, M. Saensukjaroenphon, C. K. Jones, C. H. Fahrenholz, C. R. Stark 2016 Kansas State University, Manhattan Kansas

The Effect Of Liquid Application Times, And Mixer Types With Different Wet Mix Times On Uniformity Of Mix, M. Saensukjaroenphon, C. K. Jones, C. H. Fahrenholz, C. R. Stark

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Liquid addition systems are often designed to add liquid ingredients with the shortest application time in order to increase the batching capacity and efficiency of the mixing process. The quantity of liquid that is added into the mixer affects batch cycle time, particularly when there is a programmed “wet mix” time, or mixing time after liquid application has completed. Shorter application time of liquids typically produces a larger droplet size, which may lead to greater clumping tendencies in the feed and less uniformity of liquid incorporation. Two experiments were conducted to determine the effect of liquid application time and wet ...


Effect Of Sample Preparation And Extended Mix Times With Different Salt Particle Sizes On The Uniformity Of Mix Of A Corn-Soybean Meal Swine Diet, M. Saensukjaroenphon, C. K. Jones, C. H. Fahrenholz, C. R. Stark 2016 Kansas State University, Manhattan Kansas

Effect Of Sample Preparation And Extended Mix Times With Different Salt Particle Sizes On The Uniformity Of Mix Of A Corn-Soybean Meal Swine Diet, M. Saensukjaroenphon, C. K. Jones, C. H. Fahrenholz, C. R. Stark

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The uniformity of a feed mixture is determined from the coefficient of variation (CV) of 10 samples in a single batch of feed. The feed industry standard is a CV of less than 10% using a single source tracer, such as salt, trace minerals, or iron filings. The objectives of these experiments were to determine the effects of 1) extended mix time, 2) particle size of the marker, and 3) sample preparation on the CV in a corn-soybean meal swine diet. In Experiment 1, treatments were arranged in a 3 × 7 factorial with main effects of 3 salt particle sizes ...


Effects Of Increasing Levels Of Copper From Either Cuso4 Or Combinations Of Cuso4 And A Cu-Amino Acid Complex On Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, And Economics Of Finishing Pigs, C. B. Carpenter, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. DeRouchey, M. D. Tokach, R. D. Goodband, S. S. Dritz, Z. J. Rambo 2016 Kansas State University, Manhattan

Effects Of Increasing Levels Of Copper From Either Cuso4 Or Combinations Of Cuso4 And A Cu-Amino Acid Complex On Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, And Economics Of Finishing Pigs, C. B. Carpenter, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. Derouchey, M. D. Tokach, R. D. Goodband, S. S. Dritz, Z. J. Rambo

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 1,089 pigs (PIC 280 ×1050; initially 82.2 lb) were used in a 105-d experiment to determine the effects of increasing added Cu from either CuSO4 alone or a 50/50 blend of CuSO4 and Cu-AA (Availa®-Cu, Zinpro Corporation, Eden Prairie, MN) on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and economics of finishing pigs. All 6 dietary treatments contained 17 ppm Cu from CuSO4 from the trace mineral premix. Additional treatment diets contained added CuSO4 to provide 70 and 130 ppm total Cu or a 50/50 blend of added Cu from CuSO ...


Effects Of Increasing Zn From Zinc Sulfate Or Zinc Hydroxychloride On Finishing Pig Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, And Economic Return, C. Carpenter, K. Coble, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. DeRouchey, M. D. Tokach, R. D. Goodband, S. S. Dritz, J. Usry 2016 Kansas State University, Manhattan

Effects Of Increasing Zn From Zinc Sulfate Or Zinc Hydroxychloride On Finishing Pig Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, And Economic Return, C. Carpenter, K. Coble, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. Derouchey, M. D. Tokach, R. D. Goodband, S. S. Dritz, J. Usry

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 1,008 pigs [TR4 (Fast × L02 PIC; initially 70.6 lb BW)] were used in a 103-d growth study to determine the effects of Zn source and level on finishing pig growth performance, carcass characteristics, and economic return. The 6 dietary treatments were arranged as a 2 × 3 factorial with main effects of Zn source (ZnSO4; Agrium Advance Technology, Loveland, CO, or Zn hydroxychloride; Intellibond-Z®; Micronutrients, Indianapolis, IN) and level (50, 100, or 150 ppm added Zn). The trace mineral premix was formulated to contain no added Zn. There were 21 pigs per pen and 8 ...


Effects Of Increasing Space Allowance By Removing A Pig Or Gate Adjustment On Finishing Pig Growth Performance, C. Holder, C. Carpenter, M. D. Tokach, J. M. DeRouchey, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband, S. S. Dritz 2016 Kansas State University, Manhattan

Effects Of Increasing Space Allowance By Removing A Pig Or Gate Adjustment On Finishing Pig Growth Performance, C. Holder, C. Carpenter, M. D. Tokach, J. M. Derouchey, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband, S. S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 256 pigs (PIC 327 × 1050; initially 123.1 lb) were used in a 71 d growth study to compare the effects of increasing space allowance by removing a pig or gate adjustment, on finishing pig growth performance. At the initiation of the trial, pens of pigs were blocked by BW and allotted to 1 of 4 space allowance treatments. The 4 treatments included: 1) 9.8 ft2/pig or 2) 6.8 ft2/pig for the entire study with treatments 3 and 4 initially providing 6.8 ft2, but either a gate was adjusted ...


Effects Of Added Chromium And Space Allocation On Finishing Pig Performance, A. Santos, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband, J. M. DeRouchey 2016 Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

Effects Of Added Chromium And Space Allocation On Finishing Pig Performance, A. Santos, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband, J. M. Derouchey

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 256 pigs (Line 600 × 241, DNA Columbus, NE) were used in a 72-d trial to determine the effect of dietary chromium (chromium propionate; Kemin Industries, Des Moines, IA) and space allowance on performance and carcass characteristics of finishing pigs. Pens were blocked by initial weight and randomly assigned to treatments with 8 pigs per pen and 8 pens per treatment. Treatments were arranged in a 2 × 2 factorial with main effects of diet (control or added chromium, 200 ppb) and 2 space allowances (9.8 ft2 - normal and 6.8 ft2 – restricted). Adding chromium to ...


Determining The Influence Of Kemtrace Cr And/Or Micro-Aid On Growth Performance And Carcass Composition Of Pigs Housed In A Commercial Environment, J. T. Gebhardt, J. C. Woodworth, M. D. Tokach, J. M. DeRouchey, R. D. Goodband, J. Loughmiller, S. S. Dritz 2016 Kansas State University, Manhattan

Determining The Influence Of Kemtrace Cr And/Or Micro-Aid On Growth Performance And Carcass Composition Of Pigs Housed In A Commercial Environment, J. T. Gebhardt, J. C. Woodworth, M. D. Tokach, J. M. Derouchey, R. D. Goodband, J. Loughmiller, S. S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A study was conducted to determine the interactive effects of chromium propionate (KemTRACE Cr; Kemin Industries Inc., Des Moines, IA) and Micro-Aid (Yucca schidigera-based product; Distributors Processing Inc., Porterville, CA) on growth performance and carcass composition of finishing pigs housed in a commercial environment. There were a total of 1,188 pigs (PIC 337 × 1050; initial BW = 60.3 lb) with 27 pigs/ pen and 11 pens/treatment. Pigs were split by gender upon arrival at the facility, with 5 blocks of each gender and a final mixed sex gender block. Gender blocks were randomly allotted to groups ...


Influence Of Chromium Dose And Feeding Regimen On Growth Performance And Carcass Composition Of Pigs Housed In A Commercial Environment, J. T. Gebhardt, J. C. Woodworth, M. D. Tokach, J. M. DeRouchey, R. D. Goodband, J. Loughmiller, S. S. Dritz 2016 Kansas State University, Manhattan

Influence Of Chromium Dose And Feeding Regimen On Growth Performance And Carcass Composition Of Pigs Housed In A Commercial Environment, J. T. Gebhardt, J. C. Woodworth, M. D. Tokach, J. M. Derouchey, R. D. Goodband, J. Loughmiller, S. S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A study was conducted to determine the effects of increasing chromium propionate (KemTRACE Cr; Kemin Industries Inc., Des Moines, IA) and feeding regimen on growth performance and carcass characteristics of finishing pigs housed in a commercial environment. There were a total of 1,206 pigs (PIC 337 × 1050; initial BW = 63.2 lb) with 27 pigs/pen and 9 pens/treatment. Pigs were split by gender upon arrival at the facility, with 4 blocks of each gender and a final mixed gender block. Gender blocks were randomly allotted to groups of 5 pen locations within the barn. Diets were corn-soybean ...


Evaluation Of Dietary Phytogenics On Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, And Economics Of Grow-Finish Pigs Housed Under Commercial Conditions, J. Soto, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. DeRouchey, R. D. Goodband 2016 Kansas State University, Manhattan

Evaluation Of Dietary Phytogenics On Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, And Economics Of Grow-Finish Pigs Housed Under Commercial Conditions, J. Soto, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. Derouchey, R. D. Goodband

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 1,260 pigs (PIC 327 × 1050, initially 48.7 lb) were used in a 125-d trial to determine the effect of two dietary essential oil mixtures on the growth performance, carcass characteristics, and economics of finishing pigs. Pigs were allotted by BW and randomly assigned to 1 of 5 dietary treatments. Pigs were fed six dietary phases. Treatment 1 was the control with no feed additives and 12% of CP in the Phase 6 diet. Treatment 2 was the same formulation as treatment 1 but contained an essential oil mixture 1 (EOM 1) containing caraway, garlic, thyme ...


Effects Of Dietary Electrolyte Balance And Crude Protein Level On Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, And Blood Analytes Of Finishing Pigs, J. Soto, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. DeRouchey, R. D. Goodband 2016 Kansas State University, Manhattan

Effects Of Dietary Electrolyte Balance And Crude Protein Level On Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, And Blood Analytes Of Finishing Pigs, J. Soto, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. Derouchey, R. D. Goodband

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 288 finishing pigs (PIC 327 × 1050, initially 243.5 lb) were used in a 20-d trial to determine if dietary electrolyte balance (dEB) in conjunction with low protein, amino acid fortified diets has any influence on growth performance. Pens of 8 pigs were allotted by BW and randomly assigned to 1 of 4 dietary treatments with 9 replications per treatment. Treatments were arranged in a 2 × 2 factorial with main effects of CP (10 or 13%) and dEB (48 or 107 mEq/kg). At d 20, the pigs were transported to a packing plant for processing and ...


Determination Of The Optimum Levels Of Dietary Crude Protein For Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Finishing Pigs From 240 To 280 Lb, J. Soto, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. DeRouchey, R. D. Goodband 2016 Kansas State University, Manhattan

Determination Of The Optimum Levels Of Dietary Crude Protein For Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Finishing Pigs From 240 To 280 Lb, J. Soto, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. Derouchey, R. D. Goodband

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 224 pigs (PIC 327 × 1050, initially 241.1 lb) were used in a 20-d trial to determine the optimum dietary CP concentration for growth performance and carcass characteristics of finishing pigs. Pens of 7 pigs were allotted by BW and randomly assigned to 1 of 4 dietary treatments with 7 or 8 replications per treatment. Dietary treatments included 4 levels of CP (10, 11, 12, and 13%) that were formed by reducing the amount of crystalline Lys in a corn-soybean meal diet. At d 20, pigs were transported to a packing plant for processing and carcass data ...


Effects Of Crude Protein And Amino Acid To Lysine Ratio On Finishing Pig Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics, M. A. Gonçalves, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, K. Touchette, J. M. DeRouchey, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband 2016 Kansas State University, Manhattan

Effects Of Crude Protein And Amino Acid To Lysine Ratio On Finishing Pig Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics, M. A. Gonçalves, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, K. Touchette, J. M. Derouchey, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The increased availability of synthetic amino acids has reduced the amount of intact protein sources used in swine diets. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of different CP levels and AA to Lys ratios on growth performance and carcass characteristics in late finishing pigs. A total of 1,682 pigs (327 × 1050, PIC, Hendersonville, TN; initially 252.7 lb BW) were used in a 25-d growth trial arranged in an unbalanced randomized complete block design with 25 pigs per pen and initially 8 or 16 pens per treatment. Dietary treatments were arranged in a 2 × 2 ...


Diet Formulation Method Influences The Response To Increasing Net Energy For Growing-Finishing Pigs, D. Marcal, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband, J. M. DeRouchey 2016 Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande, MS, Brazil

Diet Formulation Method Influences The Response To Increasing Net Energy For Growing-Finishing Pigs, D. Marcal, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband, J. M. Derouchey

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The objective of this study was to compare the effects of increasing dietary net energy (NE) in growing-finishing diets with maintaining a standardized ileal digestible (SID) Lys:NE ratio or not adjusting this ratio and keeping SID Lysine (Lys) constant across increasing NE density. A total of 150 pigs (Line 600 Duroc × Line 241, DNA, Columbus, NE) were used in a 91-d trial. Pens of pigs were blocked by gender and BW before being randomly assigned to treatments with 2 pigs per pen and 15 pens per treatment. Treatment diets included a low-energy negative control diet and a 2 × 2 ...


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