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259 full-text articles. Page 1 of 9.

Bubble Dynamics And Bed Expansion For Single-Component And Binary Gas-Solid Fluidization Systems, Bowen Han 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Bubble Dynamics And Bed Expansion For Single-Component And Binary Gas-Solid Fluidization Systems, Bowen Han

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Gas-solid fluidized beds are widely used in industrial dry coal preparation to separate waste from coal (still a primarily important energy source worldwide). It is the density difference between coal and the waste that enables the separation. Experiments were carried out in a two dimensional gas-solid fluidized bed. Filtered air at room temperature was used as the fluidizing gas, while magnetite, sand (two types) and FCC catalyst particles belonging to Geldart groups A and B were used as bed particles. Image processing and Matlab were applied for bubble size and velocity measurements. Bubble properties and bed expansion in fluidized beds ...


Numerical Description Of Dilute Particle-Laden Flows By A Quadrature-Based Moment Method, N. Le Lostec, Rodney O. Fox, O. Simonin, P. Villedieu 2017 Office National d'Etudes et de Recherches Aerospatiales, France

Numerical Description Of Dilute Particle-Laden Flows By A Quadrature-Based Moment Method, N. Le Lostec, Rodney O. Fox, O. Simonin, P. Villedieu

Rodney O. Fox

The numerical simulation of gas-particle flows is divided into two families of methods. In Euler-Lagrange methods individual particle trajectories are computed, whereas in Euler-Euler methods particles are characterized by statistical descriptors. Lagrangian methods are very precise but their computational cost increases with instationarity and particle volume fraction. In Eulerian methods (also called moment methods) the particle-phase computational cost is comparable to that of the fluid phase but requires strong simplificaions. Existing Eulerian models consider unimodal or close-to-equilibrium particle velocity distributions and then fail when the actual distribution is far from equilibrium. Quadrature-based Eulerian methods introduce a new reconstruction of the ...


Treatment Of Fast Chemistry In Fdf/Les: In Situ Adaptive Tabulation, van Vliet E., Rodney O. Fox, J. J. Derksen, S. B. Pope 2017 Iowa State University

Treatment Of Fast Chemistry In Fdf/Les: In Situ Adaptive Tabulation, Van Vliet E., Rodney O. Fox, J. J. Derksen, S. B. Pope

Rodney O. Fox

The feasibility to implement fast-chemistry reactions in a three-dimensional large eddy simulation (LES) of a turbulent reacting flow using a filtered density function (PDF) technique is studied. Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) is used as an representative reaction due to the stiff nature of the ordinary differential equation (ODE's) describing the kinetics. In FDF/LES, the chemistry needs to be evaluated many times for a large number of fictitious particles that are tracked in the flow, and therefore a constraint is put to the CPU time needed to solve the kinetics. Pope (1997) developed an in situ adaptive tabulation (ISAT) to ...


Effect Of Electrolytes On Co−Water Mass Transfer, Haiyang Zhu, Brent H. Shanks, Theodore J. Heindel 2017 Iowa State University

Effect Of Electrolytes On Co−Water Mass Transfer, Haiyang Zhu, Brent H. Shanks, Theodore J. Heindel

Brent H Shanks

The influence of various electrolytes such as sulfate, nitrate, and chloride on CO−water mass transfer was investigated in this study. The results indicate that the enhancement in the CO−water volumetric mass-transfer coefficient ranged from 1.5 to 4.7 times that of a baseline system without electrolytes, depending on electrolyte type and concentration. For those electrolytes with the same anions, copper-containing electrolytes provided stronger enhancement, whereas for those electrolytes with the same cations, sulfate-containing electrolytes showed stronger enhancement. By measuring both the CO−water volumetric mass-transfer coefficient (kLa) and the mass-transfer coefficient (kL), it was ...


Synthesis Of Biopolymer Materials Tailored For Biological Applications, Nathan P. Birch 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Synthesis Of Biopolymer Materials Tailored For Biological Applications, Nathan P. Birch

Doctoral Dissertations

Biopolymers are able to address a wide variety of medical concerns from chronic wounds to stem cell cultivation to antibacterial and antifouling applications. They are non-toxic, biodegradable, and biocompatible, making them ideal candidates for creating green materials for biological applications. In this thesis, we cover the synthesis of two novel materials from the biopolymers, chitosan and pectin. Chitosan is a biocompatible antibacterial polycation and pectin is an anti-inflammatory polyanion with a strong propensity for hydrogen-bonding. The two chitosan:pectin materials, particles and hydrogels, explore some of the structures that can be created by tuning the electrostatic interactions between chitosan and ...


Experimental Analysis Of R134a, R22, And R404 For An Edibon Taab: Air Conditioning Lab Unit, Kyle T. Heesen 2017 James Madison University

Experimental Analysis Of R134a, R22, And R404 For An Edibon Taab: Air Conditioning Lab Unit, Kyle T. Heesen

Senior Honors Projects, 2010-current

This paper presents an experimental analysis of an Ebidon® TAABTM: Air Conditioning Lab unit running on R-134a being compared with R22 and R404 refrigerants, a $24,449 piece of equipment purchased by the JMU ISAT Department. In this paper we will compare the performance of the R-134a refrigerant under a range of working conditions and compare them to how the system would run on R22 or R404. The experimental tests use varying fan speeds and the R-134a data collected is compared to simulated data collected for R22 and R404. Analysis of the collected data and simulated data will be compared ...


Renewable Energy And Sustainable Development (Resd) Group, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Renewable Energy And Sustainable Development (Resd) Group, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Abstract Template Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Abstract Template Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


C.V. - Wojciech Budzianowski, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

C.V. - Wojciech Budzianowski, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2018, June 18-20, Brussels, Belgium, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2018, June 18-20, Brussels, Belgium, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Proceedings Of The 2nd Resrb 2017 Conference, June 19-21, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Proceedings Of The 2nd Resrb 2017 Conference, June 19-21, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Order Form Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Order Form Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Synthesis And Characterization Of Porous Liquids, Yuanyou Gao 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Synthesis And Characterization Of Porous Liquids, Yuanyou Gao

Masters Theses

Porous liquids consisting of modified hollow spheres which are fabricated by surface engineering with suitable corona and canopy species is one of interesting porous liquids reported recently. By taking advantage of the liquid-like polymeric matrices as a separation medium and the empty cavities as a gas transport pathway, porous liquids can function as promising candidates for postcombustion gas separation and thermal insulation purposes. Moreover, this synthetic strategy can be applied to other nanostructure-based porous liquids, facilitating production of porous liquids with specific request. In this thesis, a new member of this type of porous liquid with hollow spheres ranging from ...


Determination Of Aqueous Surfactant Solution Surface Tensions With A Surface Tensiometer, Remelisa Esteves, Birce Dikici Ph.D, Matthew Lehman, Qayyum Mazumder, Nonso Onukwuba 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Determination Of Aqueous Surfactant Solution Surface Tensions With A Surface Tensiometer, Remelisa Esteves, Birce Dikici Ph.D, Matthew Lehman, Qayyum Mazumder, Nonso Onukwuba

Beyond: Undergraduate Research Journal

Surfactant solutions are applicable to engineering systems for cooling equipment for electronics. Surfactants can be added to water to improve heat transfer. An application of using aqueous surfactant solutions can be through microchannel heat sink. Although it is ideal to redesign these systems to reduce heat, it is a costly method. Surfactant solutions at optimal solution concentration can be able to transfer heat quickly and effectively with minimum expense. The surface tension of surfactant solutions is an important parameter for boiling heat transfer and must be taken into consideration. The purpose of this research is to measure surface tension of ...


Determination Of Surfactant Solution Viscosities With A Rotational Viscometer, Remelisa Esteves, Nonso Onukwuba, Birce Dikici Ph.D 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Determination Of Surfactant Solution Viscosities With A Rotational Viscometer, Remelisa Esteves, Nonso Onukwuba, Birce Dikici Ph.D

Beyond: Undergraduate Research Journal

Aqueous surfactant solutions are used in engineering systems for improving boiling heat transfer. The purpose of this research is to determine the viscosities of surfactant solutions and to investigate the effect of composition on viscosity. The results obtained can possibly be used as reference for further study in the effects of surfactant solution viscosities on nucleate boiling. A rotational viscometer was used to determine the viscosities of three surfactant solutions – SLS, EH-14, and SA-9 – of various compositions at room temperature. It was discovered that the viscosities of SLS, EH-14, and SA-9 had a nearly consistent pattern as their compositions increased ...


Numerical Simulation On The Combustion Characteristic Of Iron Ore Sintering With Flue Gas Recirculation, Gan Wang, Zhi Wen, Guofeng Lou, Ruifeng Dou, Xunliang Liu, Fuyong Su, Sizong Zhang 2016 University of Science and Technology Beijing

Numerical Simulation On The Combustion Characteristic Of Iron Ore Sintering With Flue Gas Recirculation, Gan Wang, Zhi Wen, Guofeng Lou, Ruifeng Dou, Xunliang Liu, Fuyong Su, Sizong Zhang

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Reactor Performances And Hydrodynamics Of Various Gas-Solids Fluidized Beds, Jiangshan Liu 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Reactor Performances And Hydrodynamics Of Various Gas-Solids Fluidized Beds, Jiangshan Liu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The reactor performances and hydrodynamics were systematically studied in a multifunctional fluidized-bed system which included a bubbling fluidized bed (BFB), a turbulent fluidized bed (TFB) as well as a newly identified circulating turbulent fluidized bed (CTFB) using the same batch of activated FCC particles. Catalytic ozone decomposition was employed as the model reaction to experimentally investigate the reactor performances of BFB, TFB and CTFB. The complete mappings of ozone concentration were obtained in these fluidized beds, showing close relationship with the solids holdup distributions. In the BFBs and TFBs, the study of scale-up effect revealed that the static bed height ...


Particle Agglomeration In A Slurry Bubble Column Due To Interparticle Liquid Bridging, Shona MacIntyre 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Particle Agglomeration In A Slurry Bubble Column Due To Interparticle Liquid Bridging, Shona Macintyre

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Particle agglomeration in heavy oil upgrading may occur due to the formation of a secondary liquid phase, known as carbonaceous mesophase. This secondary liquid phase is denser and more viscous compared to the continuous phase and may cause operational challenges. The experimental system in this work consisted of biodiesel (continuous liquid), aqueous glycerol (secondary liquid), glass beads, and nitrogen in a cold-flow, non-reacting slurry bubble column. The effects of the secondary liquid loading, secondary liquid viscosity, and particle diameter on the fluid dynamic behaviour are examined. Overall the addition of a denser and more viscous secondary liquid phase was found ...


The Influence Of Relative Particle Size And Material Interactions On The Flow-Induced Detachment Of Particles From A Microchannel, Morgan Brittany Mayfield 2016 Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology

The Influence Of Relative Particle Size And Material Interactions On The Flow-Induced Detachment Of Particles From A Microchannel, Morgan Brittany Mayfield

Graduate Theses - Chemical Engineering

Particulate transport in microfluidic channels is difficult due to confined geometries and low flow rates, which promote solids settling. To re-entrain these solids, the detachment behavior of closely-fitting particles from microchannel walls must be understood. Experiments were completed to examine the effects of particle size and material interactions on particle detachment velocity. Studies were conducted for various sizes of glass and poly(methyl methacrylate), PMMA, spheres in glass and poly(dimethyl siloxane), PDMS, microfluidic channels. In addition, an inexpensive method to produce monodisperse PMMA microparticles was developed. To analyze the effect of material interactions, the work of adhesion between the ...


Role Of Induction Time And Other Properties In The Recovery Of Coal From Aqueous Suspensions By Agglomeration With Heptane, C.W. Fan, Y.C. Hu, R. Markuszewski, Thomas D. Wheelock 2016 Iowa State University

Role Of Induction Time And Other Properties In The Recovery Of Coal From Aqueous Suspensions By Agglomeration With Heptane, C.W. Fan, Y.C. Hu, R. Markuszewski, Thomas D. Wheelock

Thomas D. Wheelock

The percent recovery of fine coal or graphite particles suspended in water by agglomeration with heptane was highly dependent on the measured induction time, i.e., the gas bubble to particle attachment time of the material. The induction time was found to correlate closely with the heat of immersion of the solids in water, another indicator of the hydrophobic/hydrophilic character of the material. For a series of coals and graphite, the agglomeration recovery decreased exponentially with increasing induction time. For the more oleophilic coal or graphite particles, an increase in salt (NaC1) concentration of the suspending medium caused an ...


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