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12,524 full-text articles. Page 6 of 365.

Evaluating Lignin Valorization Via Pyrolysis And Vapor-Phase Hydrodeoxygenation For Production Of Aromatics And Alkenes, Alireza Saraeian, Alvina Aui, Yu Gao, Mark M. Wright, Marcus Foston, Brent H. Shanks 2020 Iowa State University

Evaluating Lignin Valorization Via Pyrolysis And Vapor-Phase Hydrodeoxygenation For Production Of Aromatics And Alkenes, Alireza Saraeian, Alvina Aui, Yu Gao, Mark M. Wright, Marcus Foston, Brent H. Shanks

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Lignin valorization to chemicals is an important component of creating economically viable biofuels production from lignocellulosic biomass. Any such strategy should aim at producing chemicals used at scales that can appropriately match lignin availability. Herein, a combined pyrolysis and low-pressure hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) process configuration is proposed to achieve total oxygen removal and obtain hydrocarbon (aromatic and alkene) products. This approach is tested for its robustness for lignin feedstocks obtained from a variety of sources and extracted using different procedures. The experimental results demonstrate that regardless of the lignin source, the HDO process using a MoO3 catalyst was able to funnel ...


The Effect Of Oxygen On Properties Of Zirconium Metal, Jie ZHAO 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

The Effect Of Oxygen On Properties Of Zirconium Metal, Jie Zhao

Doctoral Dissertations

The influence of oxygen on the thermophysical properties of zirconium has been investigated using MSL-EML (Material Science Laboratory Electromagnetic Levitator) on ISS (International Space Station) in collaboration with NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration), ESA (European Space Agency), and DLR (German Aerospace Center). Zirconium samples with different oxygen concentrations was subjected to multiple melt cycles during which the thermophysical properties, such as density, viscosity and surface tension, have been measured at various undercooled and superheated temperatures. Also, there are melt cycles for verifying the solidification mechanism. Similar samples were found to show anomalous nucleation of the solid for certain ranges ...


Surface Driven Flows : Liquid Bridges, Drops And Marangoni Propulsion, Samrat Sur 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Surface Driven Flows : Liquid Bridges, Drops And Marangoni Propulsion, Samrat Sur

Doctoral Dissertations

Molecules sitting at a free liquid surface against vacuum or gas have weaker binding than molecules in the bulk. The missing (negative) binding energy can therefore be viewed as a positive energy added to the surface itself. Since a larger area of the surface contains larger surface energy, external forces must perform positive work against internal surface forces to increase the total area of the surface. Mathematically, the internal surface forces are represented by surface tension, defined as the normal force per unit of length. One common manifestation of surface tension is the difference in pressure it causes across a ...


Investigation Of Tracer-Surfactant-Foam Processes In Shallow Subsurface Environmental Remediation: History-Matching And Performance Prediction, Hazem Fleifel 2020 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Investigation Of Tracer-Surfactant-Foam Processes In Shallow Subsurface Environmental Remediation: History-Matching And Performance Prediction, Hazem Fleifel

LSU Master's Theses

In-situ subsurface remediation has been widely used as an efficient means of cleaning up non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL) from contaminated soils and aquifer. The use of tracer, surfactant, and foam are often considered to keep track of the propagation of injected fluids in the medium, dissolve and mobilize contaminants trapped by capillary forces, and overcome the level of heterogeneity and improve displacement and sweep efficiencies.

This study shows an actual remediation process to reduce NAPL within a military base in South Korea, by injecting tracer and surfactant solutions together for a duration of 10 days. The site consists of 5 ...


Enhancing The Conductivity Of Cell-Laden Alginate Microfibers With Aqueous Graphene For Neural Applications, Marilyn C. McNamara, Amir Ehsan Niaraki-Asli, Jingshuai Guo, Jasmin Okuzono, Reza Montazami, Nicole N. Hashemi 2020 Iowa State University

Enhancing The Conductivity Of Cell-Laden Alginate Microfibers With Aqueous Graphene For Neural Applications, Marilyn C. Mcnamara, Amir Ehsan Niaraki-Asli, Jingshuai Guo, Jasmin Okuzono, Reza Montazami, Nicole N. Hashemi

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Microfluidically manufacturing graphene-alginate microfibers create possibilities for encapsulating rat neural cells within conductive 3D tissue scaffolding to enable the creation of real-time 3D sensing arrays with high physiological relavancy. Cells are encapsulated using the biopolymer alginate, which is combined with graphene to create a cell-containing hydrogel with increased electrical conductivity. Resulting novel alginate-graphene microfibers showed a 2.5-fold increase over pure alginate microfibers, but did not show significant differences in size and porosity. Cells encapsulated within the microfibers survive for up to 8 days, and maintain ~20% live cells over that duration. The biocompatible aqueous graphene suspension used in this ...


Hybrid Monomers & Resins For High-Performance Thermosetting Polymers, Thermoplastics, & Additive Manufacturing, Alexander William Bassett 2020 Rowan University

Hybrid Monomers & Resins For High-Performance Thermosetting Polymers, Thermoplastics, & Additive Manufacturing, Alexander William Bassett

Theses and Dissertations

Vinyl ester and epoxy resins are used to produce thermosetting polymeric materials for a variety of commercial and military applications due to their relatively high moduli (2-3 GPa at 25 deg C), glass transition temperatures (Tgs) (greater than or equal to 120 deg C), and adequate fracture toughness (G1C approx. 200-250 J m-2). Most commercially available vinyl ester and epoxy resins are typically cured via traditional manufacturing techniques such as resin transfer molding and thermal curing. However, additive manufacturing (AM) has gained significant traction as a favorable manufacturing technique over traditional methods due to the ability to create customizable parts ...


Re-Crosslinking Particle Gel For Co₂ Conformance Control And Co₂ Leakage Blocking, Yifu Long, Baojun Bai, Thomas P. Schuman 2020 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Re-Crosslinking Particle Gel For Co₂ Conformance Control And Co₂ Leakage Blocking, Yifu Long, Baojun Bai, Thomas P. Schuman

Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The present invention generally relates to the composition of particle gels for CO2-EOR and CO2 storage. More particularly, CO2 resistant particle gels are provided that can re-crosslink at subterranean conditions. These particle gels can be deployed to improve the conformance of CO2 flooding, CO2 huff-puff, or Water-Alternative-Gas (WAG). The applications may also involve CO2 storage, such as the blocking of CO2 leakage and similar CO2 processing.


High-Throughput Synthesis And Screening Of Rapidly-Degrading Polyanhydride Nanoparticles, Adam S. Mullis, Sarah J. Jacobson, Balaji Narasimhan 2020 Iowa State University

High-Throughput Synthesis And Screening Of Rapidly-Degrading Polyanhydride Nanoparticles, Adam S. Mullis, Sarah J. Jacobson, Balaji Narasimhan

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Combinatorial techniques can accelerate the discovery and development of polymeric nanodelivery devices by pairing high-throughput synthesis with rapid materials characterization. Biodegradable polyanhydrides demonstrate tunable release, high cellular internalization, and dose sparing properties when used as nanodelivery devices. This nanoparticle platform shows promising potential for small molecule drug delivery, but the pace of understanding and rational design of these nanomedicines is limited by the low throughput of conventional characterization. This study reports the use of a high-throughput method to synthesize libraries of a newly synthesized, rapidly-eroding polyanhydride copolymer based on 1,8-bis(p-carboxyphenoxy)-3,6-dioxaoctane (CPTEG) and sebacic acid (SA) monomers ...


A Simplified Method For Experimentally Quantifying Crude Oil Swelling During Immiscible Carbon Dioxide Injection, Sherif Fakher, Abdulmohsin Imqam 2020 Missouri University of Science and Technology

A Simplified Method For Experimentally Quantifying Crude Oil Swelling During Immiscible Carbon Dioxide Injection, Sherif Fakher, Abdulmohsin Imqam

Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Immiscible carbon dioxide (CO2) injection is one of the highly applied enhanced oil recovery (EOR) methods due to its high oil recovery potential and its ability to store CO2 in the reservoir. The main mechanism of immiscible CO2 injection is oil swelling. Generally, oil swelling is measured experimentally or measured using modeling methods. This research conducts oil swelling experiments using a simplified method in order to easily and accurately measure oil swelling and determines some of the most significant factors that may impact oil swelling during CO2 injection. The impact of varying CO2 injection pressure ...


Integrity Testing Of Gas Permeable Silicone Filters, Maggie M. Baker, Thomas P. Humann, Kevin J. Yerina 2020 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Integrity Testing Of Gas Permeable Silicone Filters, Maggie M. Baker, Thomas P. Humann, Kevin J. Yerina

Biomedical Engineering

This report investigates the most reasonable, cost efficient, and reliable ways to integrity test a filter made from a permeable silicone membrane for future biomedical and pharmaceutical applications. The goal of the project was to create a fixture that a pharmaceutical company can use to quickly and reliably test the integrity of the filter. A variety of methods are outlined to test the integrity of the filter, after a series of quantitative tests, a single method was established that meet the requirements most thoroughly. The method that was determined to be most effective involves a series of components including a ...


Insights Into The Applications Of Waste Materials In The Oil And Gas Industry: State Of The Art Review, Availability, Cost Analysis, And Classification, Abo Taleb T. Al-Hameedi, Husam H. Alkinani, Hussein W. Albazzaz, Shari Dunn-Norman, Mohammed M. Alkhamis 2020 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Insights Into The Applications Of Waste Materials In The Oil And Gas Industry: State Of The Art Review, Availability, Cost Analysis, And Classification, Abo Taleb T. Al-Hameedi, Husam H. Alkinani, Hussein W. Albazzaz, Shari Dunn-Norman, Mohammed M. Alkhamis

Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

This study investigates different types of waste materials and their applicability in the oil and gas industry as well as analyzing various applications of these waste materials in the petroleum industry. This study also explores the availability of these waste materials by performing a statistical analysis in a good number of countries worldwide. The statistical study was performed starting with a study on which countries generate waste the most overall, followed by examining multiple countries and investigating their top three most available waste. The results showed that the USA is the leading country in terms of municipal solid waste generation ...


Precise Measuring Cells For Quantitative And Qualitative Measurement, A.A. Begunov, B.M. Akhmedov, R.A. Ibragimov 2020 Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Automation and Automation of Production Processes, St. Petersburg Institute of Management and Food Technologies, Address: nab. Griboedov Canal, 7, 191186, St. Petersburg, Russia,

Precise Measuring Cells For Quantitative And Qualitative Measurement, A.A. Begunov, B.M. Akhmedov, R.A. Ibragimov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The main provisions considered in assessing the accuracy of methods and measurement results are considered. It is shown that in the experimental assessment of various accuracy indicators, and also when analyzing the content of components in various gaseous media, the sorption-gravimetric measurement method is widely used, methods for measuring the mass of the sorbent and possible sources of error of this technique. Methods of measuring the mass of gas using specific surface areas, including taking into account the contact of gas with a solid material, and also, the amount of adsorbed gas and its pressure, temperature, type and size of ...


Features Of Hydration Process, Structure Formation And Curing Processes Of Mono And Polymineral Cement In The Presence Of Additives Of Solid Waste Of Soda Production, Nargis Shamadinova, Gulnora Abdukadirovna Tokhtakhunova PhD, Temur Azimovich Atakuziev, Shakhnoza Saidanvarovna Rakhimjanova 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technogical Institute, Uzbekistan

Features Of Hydration Process, Structure Formation And Curing Processes Of Mono And Polymineral Cement In The Presence Of Additives Of Solid Waste Of Soda Production, Nargis Shamadinova, Gulnora Abdukadirovna Tokhtakhunova Phd, Temur Azimovich Atakuziev, Shakhnoza Saidanvarovna Rakhimjanova

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The influence of the additive of solid waste of soda production (SWSP) on the content of -C2S and C3S in cement studied. It was found that SWSP affects the density of the aluminum-containing minerals C3A and C4AF, in addition, in the presence of gypsum, their plasticizing properties improved. The introduction of SWSP additives during grinding of clinker intensifies the grinding process and made it possible to obtain a more plastic cement. It was proved that SWSP with CaCl2 content can be used as an additive to concrete and cement mortars - this ...


Controlling And Forecasting The Reliability Of Integrated Circuits Of Radio Systems Transmitting Information, Abdulaziz M. Nazarov Prof, Dilmurod A. Davronbekov Prof. 2020 Tashkent State Technical University, Uzbekistan

Controlling And Forecasting The Reliability Of Integrated Circuits Of Radio Systems Transmitting Information, Abdulaziz M. Nazarov Prof, Dilmurod A. Davronbekov Prof.

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The issues of forecasting the reliability of integrated circuits, which are the main element base of modern radio engineering information transmission systems, are considered. Methods of parametric and functional control are described to determine the correspondence of the static and dynamic parameters of microcircuits to the required values. A combined method for determining the operating parameters of microcircuits is also described. The advantage of this method in addition to the two above methods is indicated that it combines the function of controlling the operation of the entire control system. Two approaches for predicting reliability are given, as well as mathematical ...


Investigating The Solution Properties Of Population Model Of Cross-Diffusion Model With Double Nonlinearity And With Variable Density, Dildora Kabilovna Muhamediyeva 2020 Scientific and Innovation Center of Information and Communication Technologies at Tashkent University of Information Technologies named after Muhammad al-Khwarizmi, Address: Amir Temur street, 108, 100200, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan

Investigating The Solution Properties Of Population Model Of Cross-Diffusion Model With Double Nonlinearity And With Variable Density, Dildora Kabilovna Muhamediyeva

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The models of two competing populations with double nonlinear diffusion and three types of functional dependencies are considered. The first dependence corresponds to the Malthusian type, the second to the Verhühlst type (logistic population), and the third to Olli-type populations. A common element of this kind of description is the presence of a linear source. Nonlinear sinks are also present in descriptions of populations of the Verhulst and Ollie type. Suitable initial approximations for a rapidly converging iterative process are proposed. Based on a self-similar analysis and comparison of the solutions of the Cauchy problem in the domain for an ...


Steady Algorithms For Synthesis Of Multidimensional Controlling Systems With Incomplete Information About The Object State, Uktam Farkhodovich Mamirov 2020 PhD., Department Tashkent State Technical University, Tel.: (+99890) 900-56-25

Steady Algorithms For Synthesis Of Multidimensional Controlling Systems With Incomplete Information About The Object State, Uktam Farkhodovich Mamirov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

In this paper, questions of forming and creation of steady synthesis algorithms of multidimensional controlling systems at incomplete information on object status are considered. It is shown that the matrix of feedback coupling on a status at the complete information is not determined. The different algorithms of steady calculation of a matrix pseudo-inverse to the matrix of outputs using these or those decomposition of matrixes are analyzed. Algorithms of iterative specification of a required solution of "skeletal" decomposition are given. The given expressions allow synthesizing the simplified computing procedures of synthesis of multidimensional controlling systems at incomplete information on object ...


Techniques To Solve Decision-Making Problems, Dilnoz Tulkunovna Muhamediyeva, Bekmuratov Fayzievich Tulkun 2020 Scientific and Innovation Center of Information and Communication Technologies at Tashkent University of Information Technologies named after Muhammad al-Khwarizmi, Address: Amir Temurstreet, 108, 100200, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan, Phone:+998-95-195-47-52

Techniques To Solve Decision-Making Problems, Dilnoz Tulkunovna Muhamediyeva, Bekmuratov Fayzievich Tulkun

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

Solving decision-making problems in poorly formalized systems only with the help of deterministic and probabilistic methods is insufficient. To do this, it is necessary to widely apply the methods of hybrid intelligent systems and, especially, the methods of “soft” calculations (SoftCalculation, SoftComputing) and the directions of ComputationalIntelligence — intelligent computing technologies that are emerging on this theoretical and methodological base. An immune - fuzzy algorithm for the synthesis of fuzzy inference systems (FIS) is proposed. A two-stage adaptive FIS synthesis algorithm is described. At the first stage, the initial fuzzy parameters are clustered in order to reduce the number of input parameters ...


Neuro-Fuzzy Modeling For Predictive Control Systems With Complex Technological Processes And Production, Yusupbekov Nodirbek, Shukhrat Gulyamov, Malika Doshchanova 2020 Tashkent State Technical University named after Islam Karimov

Neuro-Fuzzy Modeling For Predictive Control Systems With Complex Technological Processes And Production, Yusupbekov Nodirbek, Shukhrat Gulyamov, Malika Doshchanova

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The paper implements a modification of a fuzzy neural network, which is suitable for predictive control purposes. Adaptation of a multidimensional programmable controller based on a neural algorithm for the back propagation of forecasting errors is proposed, as well as neural parametric identification of a fuzzy mathematical model of complex technological processes and production based on experimental data and expert estimates.


Importance Of Morphological Features In Orthoptera Identification, Kamilov Mirzoyan, Alisher Khamroev, Hudayberdiev Mirzaakbar 2020 Scientific And Innovation Center Of Information And Communication Technologies, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Importance Of Morphological Features In Orthoptera Identification, Kamilov Mirzoyan, Alisher Khamroev, Hudayberdiev Mirzaakbar

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

This article analyzes the problems of implementing image recognition methods and algorithms for identifying biological objects. The Orthoptera group was chosen as a biological object. Orthoptera is a taxonomic order of insects that includes grasshoppers, crickets, locusts, and others. Approaches to the formation and identification of features of Orthoptera species and the formation of training and control samples of their samples are proposed. Estimation algorithms (ACE) were chosen as algorithmic support for identifying Orthoptera collections. ACE is based on the principle of partial priority. Approaches to the formation of a training and testing complex based on the data from the ...


Influence Of Conditions For Alcoholysis Of Secondary Polyethylene Terephthalate On The Output Of Bis (Hydroxyethyl) Terephthalate, ABDUVOKHIDOV Iqboljon, JURAYEV Asror, ALIMUKHAMEDOV Muzafar, MAGRUPOV Farkhad 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technological Institute, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Influence Of Conditions For Alcoholysis Of Secondary Polyethylene Terephthalate On The Output Of Bis (Hydroxyethyl) Terephthalate, Abduvokhidov Iqboljon, Jurayev Asror, Alimukhamedov Muzafar, Magrupov Farkhad

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The paper presents the results of a study of the process of alcoholysis of secondary polyethylene terephthalate ethylene glycol (EG). The main attention is paid to determining the optimal conditions for the formation of bis-hydroxy ethylene terephthalate, since this product is an intermediate in the production of polyethylene terephthalate. At the same time, the effects of the duration of alcoholysis, the type and amount of catalyst on the yield of bis-hydroxy ethylene terephthalate (ratio of PET: EG = 1 mol elementary link 4 mol) were studied. Changing the duration of alcoholysis from 8 to 10 hours, the type and amount of ...


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