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All Articles in Process Control and Systems

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Strong Stability Of A Class Of Difference Equations Of Continuous Time And Structured Singular Value Problem, Qian Ma, Keqin Gu, Narges Choubedar 2018 Nanjing University of Science and Technology

Strong Stability Of A Class Of Difference Equations Of Continuous Time And Structured Singular Value Problem, Qian Ma, Keqin Gu, Narges Choubedar

SIUE Faculty Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activity

This article studies the strong stability of scalar difference equations of continuous time in which the delays are sums of a number of independent parameters tau_i, i = 1, 2, . . . ,K. The characteristic quasipolynomial of such an equation is a multilinear function of exp(-tau_i s). It is known that the characteristic quasipolynomial of any difference equation set in the form of one-delayper- scalar-channel (ODPSC) model is also in such a multilinear form. However, it is shown in this article that some multilinear forms of quasipolynomials are not characteristic quasipolynomials of any ODPSC difference equation set. The equivalence between local strong ...


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2018, June 18-20, Brussels, Belgium, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2017 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2018, June 18-20, Brussels, Belgium, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Registration Form Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2017 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Registration Form Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Abstract Template Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2017 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Abstract Template Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Simulating Microbial Electrolysis For Renewable Hydrogen Production Integrated With Separation In Biorefinery, Christian James Wilson 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Simulating Microbial Electrolysis For Renewable Hydrogen Production Integrated With Separation In Biorefinery, Christian James Wilson

Masters Theses

Biomass conversion to hydrocarbon fuels requires significant amounts of hydrogen. Fossil resources typically supply hydrogen via steam reforming. A new technology called microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) has emerged which can generate hydrogen from organic sources and biomass. The thermochemical route to fuels via pyrolysis generates bio-oil aqueous phase (BOAP) which can be used to make hydrogen. A process engineering and economic analysis of this technology was conducted for application in biorefineries of the future. Steam methane reforming, bio-oil separation and microbial electrolysis unit operations were simulated in Aspen Plus to derive the mass and energy balance for conversion of biomass ...


Design And Implementation Of Smart Sensors With Capabilities Of Process Fault Detection And Variable Prediction, An He 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Design And Implementation Of Smart Sensors With Capabilities Of Process Fault Detection And Variable Prediction, An He

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

A typical sensor consists of a sensing element and a transmitter. The major functions of a transmitter are limited to data acquisition and communication. The recently developed transmitters with ‘smart’ functions have been focused on easy setup/maintenance of the transmitter itself such as self-calibration and self-configuration. Recognizing the growing computational capabilities of microcontroller units (MCUs) used in these transmitters and underutilized computational resources, this thesis investigates the feasibility of adding additional functionalities to a transmitter to make it ‘smart’ without modifying its foot-print, nor adding supplementary hardware. Hence, a smart sensor is defined as sensing elements combined with a ...


Likelihood And Bayesian Methods For Accurate Identification Of Measurement Biases In Pseudo Steady-State Processes, Sriram Devanathan, Stephen B. Vardeman, Derrick K. Rollins Sr. 2017 Iowa State University

Likelihood And Bayesian Methods For Accurate Identification Of Measurement Biases In Pseudo Steady-State Processes, Sriram Devanathan, Stephen B. Vardeman, Derrick K. Rollins Sr.

Stephen B. Vardeman

Two new approaches are presented for improved identification of measurement biases in linear pseudo steady-state processes. Both are designed to detect a change in the mean of a measured variable leading to an inference regarding the presence of a biased measurement. The first method is based on a likelihood ratio test for the presence of a mean shift. The second is based on a Bayesian decision rule (relying on prior distributions for unknown parameters) for the detection of a mean shift. The performance of these two methods is compared with that of a method given by Devanathan et al. (2000 ...


Drawing And Twisting Of Graphene Fibers, Gregory T. Lane, Robert J. Sekerak, Isaias Diaz 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Drawing And Twisting Of Graphene Fibers, Gregory T. Lane, Robert J. Sekerak, Isaias Diaz

Mechanical Engineering

The aim of this project was to develop a more automated process for drawing and twisting of graphene fibers than was currently in place. This was implemented by having two chemical baths with variable speed rollers at either end, and intermediate roller to spool fiber between stages, and a twisting cylinder with integral spool to twist the fiber as it is collected. The goal was to have this first iteration deliver a working prototype, however due to manufacturing delays and timing constraints, that will be missed. A second follow-on project would be able to continue the work presented here and ...


Economic Analysis Of Rare Earth Element Recovery From Clay, Garrett W. Smith 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Economic Analysis Of Rare Earth Element Recovery From Clay, Garrett W. Smith

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Process Control Laboratory Skid Refurbishment, Danny Crowder 2017 The University of Akron

Process Control Laboratory Skid Refurbishment, Danny Crowder

Honors Research Projects

This project evaluates a salvaged process control skid for potential refurbishment and educational re-use. In-lab work evaluated the existing skid. Several process control elements have been recommended for replacement, including the process tank (due to corrosion), the pressure transmitter (operability/corrosion), the flow meters (mechanical) and the control system (age). The control valves, temperature elements and transmitters, pump, holding tanks, and the electrical heat exchanger should be salvaged. An I/P converter and pressure relief valve should be added to the pneumatic feed. Enclosing of all electrical components should be prioritized. An electrical schematic for a new control system should ...


Use Of Natural Ores As Oxygen Carriers In Chemical Looping Combustion: A Review, Michael J. Matzen, Jessica Pinkerton, Xiaomeng Wang, Yasar Demirel 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Use Of Natural Ores As Oxygen Carriers In Chemical Looping Combustion: A Review, Michael J. Matzen, Jessica Pinkerton, Xiaomeng Wang, Yasar Demirel

Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering -- All Faculty Papers

Chemical looping combustion (CLC) has gained considerable ground in energy production due to its inherent carbon capture with a minimal energy penalty. The choice of metal oxide used as an oxygen carrier (OC) in CLC has a substantial weight on the overall efficiency of energy production as well as the ultimate cost per MW. While much work has gone into manufacturing synthetic OCs with high fuel conversions, harsh operating conditions and process limitations cause some unavoidable loss of the oxygen carrier. With low production costs and minimal conditioning required, natural ores have grown in interest as cheap alternative oxygen carriers ...


Renewable Energy And Sustainable Development (Resd) Group, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Renewable Energy And Sustainable Development (Resd) Group, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Proceedings Of The 2nd Resrb 2017 Conference, June 19-21, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Proceedings Of The 2nd Resrb 2017 Conference, June 19-21, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


C.V. - Wojciech Budzianowski, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

C.V. - Wojciech Budzianowski, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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Development Of Ultrasonic Techniques For Characterization Of Liquid Mixtures, William A. Cooke 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Development Of Ultrasonic Techniques For Characterization Of Liquid Mixtures, William A. Cooke

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

To evaluate the suitability of ultrasonic techniques for on-line process monitoring applications, an ultrasonic probe was used to measure acoustic velocity, acoustic impedance, and isentropic compressibility of hydrocarbons (including n-, iso-, and cycloalkanes, toluene, mineral oil, and crude oil) and polar liquids (alcohols, water, salt water) over a temperature range of 25-60°C. Temperature, carbon chain length, molecular shape, and intermolecular forces had significant effects on ultrasonic parameters. Relationships between media characteristics and observed ultrasonic parameters were modeled using empirical-least squares equations. The same parameters were measured in binary mixtures of hydrocarbons in heptane, as well as polar liquids in ...


Delay-Independent Stability Analysis Of Linear Time-Delay Systems Based On Frequency, Xianwei Li, Huijun Gao, Keqin Gu 2016 Harbin Institute of Technology

Delay-Independent Stability Analysis Of Linear Time-Delay Systems Based On Frequency, Xianwei Li, Huijun Gao, Keqin Gu

SIUE Faculty Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activity

This paper studies strong delay-independent stability of linear time-invariant systems. It is known that delay-independent stability of time-delay systems is equivalent to some frequency-dependent linear matrix inequalities. To reduce or eliminate conservatism of stability criteria, the frequency domain is discretized into several sub-intervals, and piecewise constant Lyapunov matrices are employed to analyze the frequency-dependent stability condition. Applying the generalized Kalman–Yakubovich–Popov lemma, new necessary and sufficient criteria are then obtained for strong delay-independent stability of systems with a single delay. The effectiveness of the proposed method is illustrated by a numerical example.


Utilization Of Sulfur Oxides For The Production Of Sodium Sulfate, J.A.B. Satrio, S.B. Jagtap, Thomas D. Wheelock 2016 Iowa State University

Utilization Of Sulfur Oxides For The Production Of Sodium Sulfate, J.A.B. Satrio, S.B. Jagtap, Thomas D. Wheelock

Thomas D. Wheelock

The use of coal and other fossil fuels generates large quantities of sulfurous byproducts which could find an outlet in the manufacture of Na2SO4. In this work, the feasibility of converting SO2 and SO3 into Na2SO4 by employing modern technology, i.e., a fluidized-bed reactor, was investigated. Bench-scale and larger fluidized-bed reactors were used to study the reaction of SO2 or SO3 with NaCl, steam, and air at temperatures ranging from 400 to 600 °C. Because the rate of reaction of SO2 with salt as in the Hargreaves process ...


Regeneration Of Sulfided Calcium-Based Sorbents By A Cyclic Process, S.B. Jagtap, Thomas D. Wheelock 2016 Iowa State University

Regeneration Of Sulfided Calcium-Based Sorbents By A Cyclic Process, S.B. Jagtap, Thomas D. Wheelock

Thomas D. Wheelock

A unique process for regenerating calcium-based sorbents which are in the form of calcium sulfide was demonstrated by employing thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The process converts calcium sulfide to calcium oxide by subjecting particles of the material to repeated cycles of oxidation and reduction at temperatures between 950 and 1100 °C. During each cycle a small portion of material is first converted to calcium sulfate by oxidation and then to calcium oxide by reduction. Air can be used for oxidation and any of the following gases can be used for reduction:  30 mol % CO, 5 mol % CH4, or 2 mol % C3H8 ...


Desulfurization Of Coal In A Fluidized-Bed Reactor, G.B. Haldipur, Thomas D. Wheelock 2016 Iowa State University

Desulfurization Of Coal In A Fluidized-Bed Reactor, G.B. Haldipur, Thomas D. Wheelock

Thomas D. Wheelock

The pioneering investigation of Jacobs and Mirkus (1) showed that substantial amounts of sulfur could be removed from Illinois No. 6 coal by treatment with mixtures of air, nitrogen, and steam in a fluidized bed reactor at moderately elevated temperatures. Thus by treating coal, which had been ground in a hammer mill (100% through 8-mesh screen), with a gas mixture containing 2.7% oxygen, 35% steam, and 62.3% nitrogen at 510°C for 30 min, the sulfate and pyritic sulfur content of the solids was reduced about 80% and the organic sulfur content 10%. However, at the same time ...


Effect Of Packaging Material On Color Properties Of Catsup Tomato Sauce, Naser Kohan-nia, Babak Pakbin, Razzagh Mahmoudi, Omid Fakhri 2016 Department of Food Health and Safety, School of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran

Effect Of Packaging Material On Color Properties Of Catsup Tomato Sauce, Naser Kohan-Nia, Babak Pakbin, Razzagh Mahmoudi, Omid Fakhri

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Catsup and tomato sauce products currently are one of the most popular and commercially available table sauces particularly consumed by young people and families around the world in recent decades. In this study colorimetric properties of catsup sauce samples including L*, a* and b* values in different packaging materials including PP, PE, PET, Glass and Sachet have been investigated during and after 180 days storage time at 22̊ C (environmental temperature). Hunter Lab system has been used to evaluate the color values of sauce samples. According to obtained results of experimental measurements and sensory evaluations, PP and PE packaging materials ...


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