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Comparative Analysis Of Simulation Models Of The Production Of Ethylbenzene, Osariemen Imafidon 2020 University of Mississippi

Comparative Analysis Of Simulation Models Of The Production Of Ethylbenzene, Osariemen Imafidon

Honors Theses

Process Engineering is all about making sure a raw material can become the desired product with as little variation as possible, while achieving the customer's specifications. Many equipment used for chemical processes cannot be physically inspected during operation at steady state, hence, the need for simulation software. The objective of this study was to compare the results of three different simulation packages to evaluate their efficacy within process design.

This study focused on the economic analysis of the production of Ethylbenzene using various models. The base case variables were inputted into each model to simulate the calculations for a ...


Ultrasound-Assisted Post-Pyrolysis Magnetization Of Microporous Biochar For Effective Removal Of Heavy Metals, Ronish Shrestha 2020 University of Mississippi

Ultrasound-Assisted Post-Pyrolysis Magnetization Of Microporous Biochar For Effective Removal Of Heavy Metals, Ronish Shrestha

Honors Theses

Low cost and efficient adsorption of heavy metals from wastewater and thorough removal of adsorbent after water treatment have become the two essential needs for the commercial use of any adsorbent. Biochar (BC), the solid byproduct of pyrolysis with microporous carbonaceous structure, has been increasingly recognized as an efficient adsorbent for a vast number of pollutants. Magnetization, though eases the separation and reuse of BC, significantly reduces its adsorption capacity to a comparatively much higher extent. In this study, a hybrid post-pyrolysis magnetization was developed which sustained and even significantly increased the adsorption capacity of biochar. The process included i ...


Recovery Of Thorium From Monazite Ore For Applications In Clean, Sustainable Nuclear Power, Samantha Karklins, Aaron Kuhn, Haley Prater, Thomas Welker 2020 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Recovery Of Thorium From Monazite Ore For Applications In Clean, Sustainable Nuclear Power, Samantha Karklins, Aaron Kuhn, Haley Prater, Thomas Welker

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Extraction Of Thorium From Monazite Ore, Emily Watson, Jacob Reynolds, Victoria Molotoka, Makenna Smith 2020 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Extraction Of Thorium From Monazite Ore, Emily Watson, Jacob Reynolds, Victoria Molotoka, Makenna Smith

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Removal Of Fluoride From Mine Water Via Adsorption For Land-Applied Soil Amendment, Adrian Damian, Kevin Le, Mary Johnson, Ethan Phan, Courtney Golman, Michelle Dopp, Jacqueline Payne 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Removal Of Fluoride From Mine Water Via Adsorption For Land-Applied Soil Amendment, Adrian Damian, Kevin Le, Mary Johnson, Ethan Phan, Courtney Golman, Michelle Dopp, Jacqueline Payne

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The process of mining minerals and elements from ores and rocks creates acid rock drainage (ARD). This drainage is water that contains heavy metals and minerals that can be dangerous for human consumption or damaging to the environment. The mining industry has employed various water treatment methods to prevent these metals and minerals from being discharged into water sources such as ponds, lakes, and streams. Currently, the most used treatment process in the mining industry is a cost-effective highdensity sludge (HDS) process. This method reduces the concentration of metals and elements with the use of lime/limestone. However, the concentration ...


Removal Of Fluoride From Mine Water Via Adsorption For Land-Applied Soil Amendment, Michelle Dopp, Kevin Le, Ethan Phan, Mary Johnson, Jacqueline Payne, Adrian Damian, Courtney Golman 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Removal Of Fluoride From Mine Water Via Adsorption For Land-Applied Soil Amendment, Michelle Dopp, Kevin Le, Ethan Phan, Mary Johnson, Jacqueline Payne, Adrian Damian, Courtney Golman

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Moo Pig Sooie’s researched, designed, and economically analyzed a full-scale adsorption column system to be applied in mining processes that leave high amounts of fluoride in their effluent. This system was designed to remove fluoride from water saturated with calcium sulfate, as calcium sulfate is present in high amounts in certain mining processes. Currently, high density sludge (HDS) is commonly employed to reduce fluoride concentrations, but due to solubility limits the sludge treatment cannot lower fluoride below 10 mg/L (ppm). The current enforceable EPA standard for discharged water is at 4 mg/L (ppm), although mining companies ...


Utilization Of Monazite Ore For Sources Of Thorium Oxide, Makenna Smith, Emily Watson, Victoria Molotoka, Jacob Reynolds 2020 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Utilization Of Monazite Ore For Sources Of Thorium Oxide, Makenna Smith, Emily Watson, Victoria Molotoka, Jacob Reynolds

Faculty Publications and Other Works -- Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering

No abstract provided.


Process Water Recycling, Adrian Barron, Josiah Snider, Kyle Serpe 2020 Olivet Nazarene University

Process Water Recycling, Adrian Barron, Josiah Snider, Kyle Serpe

Scholar Week 2016 - present

The Millipore Sigma-Kankakee Site uses high volumes of water for many operations. One operation utilizes approximately 3600 L of water per batch every couple days and more than 3.8MM liters of water per year. The water is utilized as a component of the buffer washes used in the extraction process for cholesterol that involves various other components such as silica and ions such as sodium, sulfur, and phosphate. The washes that go through the process involve these components and large amounts of water that are then drained out of the facility. This volume is roughly 7% of the site ...


Improvement Of Fluidization Ability For Group A Powders By Fine Powder Additives, Xiaowei Zhang 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Improvement Of Fluidization Ability For Group A Powders By Fine Powder Additives, Xiaowei Zhang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Group A powders are widely utilized in the industry because of the great quality of fluidization, which can be affected by the fine content. This project investigates the feasibility that employing the fine powders (≤ 20 μm) as additives to further improve the fluidization ability of Group A powders. Three additives, Coal-15, GB-6, and SiO2-5 are added into FCC-76, based on various volume fractions. The minimum fluidization velocity (Umf), bed expansion ratio (BER), and dense phase expansion ratio (DER) are tested to evaluate the quality of fluidization. Coal-15 can slightly improve the fluidization quality. High content of GB-6 ...


Tunable Luminescence Of Rare Earth Doped Nanophosphors Via Adaptive Optical Properties Of Transition Metals, Pragathi Darapaneni 2020 Louisiana State University

Tunable Luminescence Of Rare Earth Doped Nanophosphors Via Adaptive Optical Properties Of Transition Metals, Pragathi Darapaneni

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Over the past decades, the development of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) to produce a wide range of wavelengths has revolutionized the solid-state lighting industry due to their higher energy efficiency and operational lifetimes. These LEDs employ rare earth (RE) doped phosphors due to their stable emission wavelengths which can be amplified when sensitized by other RE dopants (Yb, Ce) or shell layer passivation. However, there has been a push to replace the RE elements in LEDs due to increased socioeconomic issues. One proposed alternative, transition metal (TM) dopants, is typically avoided due to their susceptibility to the local crystal environment resulting ...


Features Of Hydration Process, Structure Formation And Curing Processes Of Mono And Polymineral Cement In The Presence Of Additives Of Solid Waste Of Soda Production, Nargis Shamadinova, Gulnora Abdukadirovna Tokhtakhunova PhD, Temur Azimovich Atakuziev, Shakhnoza Saidanvarovna Rakhimjanova 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technogical Institute, Uzbekistan

Features Of Hydration Process, Structure Formation And Curing Processes Of Mono And Polymineral Cement In The Presence Of Additives Of Solid Waste Of Soda Production, Nargis Shamadinova, Gulnora Abdukadirovna Tokhtakhunova Phd, Temur Azimovich Atakuziev, Shakhnoza Saidanvarovna Rakhimjanova

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The influence of the additive of solid waste of soda production (SWSP) on the content of -C2S and C3S in cement studied. It was found that SWSP affects the density of the aluminum-containing minerals C3A and C4AF, in addition, in the presence of gypsum, their plasticizing properties improved. The introduction of SWSP additives during grinding of clinker intensifies the grinding process and made it possible to obtain a more plastic cement. It was proved that SWSP with CaCl2 content can be used as an additive to concrete and cement mortars - this ...


Noble-Transition Alloy Absorbers For Near-Infrared Hot-Carrier Optoelectronics, Sara Karoline Figueiredo Stofela 2020 Louisiana State University

Noble-Transition Alloy Absorbers For Near-Infrared Hot-Carrier Optoelectronics, Sara Karoline Figueiredo Stofela

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Optoelectronics is the field of technology concerned with the study and application of electronic devices that source, detect and control light. Here we focus on the optical communications field which relies on optical fiber systems to carry signals to their destinations operating in the near-infrared range. To improve the performance of current optical fiber systems, one of the paths is to develop better near-infrared photodetectors.

The current group of materials used for near-infrared photodetection relies in the III-V semiconductor family. Although their spectral photosensitivity correlates well with the near-infrared, response time performance and electronic circuit integration remain limited for this ...


Study Of Amino-Acid Composition Of Seed Of Oats Fruit (Avena Sativa L.), Nurullaeva Dilobar, Farmanova Nodira 2020 Tashkent Pharmaceutical Institute, Uzbekistan

Study Of Amino-Acid Composition Of Seed Of Oats Fruit (Avena Sativa L.), Nurullaeva Dilobar, Farmanova Nodira

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

For the first time, the amino acid composition of the seed oat fruit harvested in the Republic of Uzbekistan was stud-ied. Chromatographic detection of amino acids was performed by the method of ascending one-dimensional paper chroma-tography; violet, red-violet and yellow staining was observed, indicating the presence of free amino acids in the raw materi-al under study. The determination of the qualitative and quantitative content of amino acids of oat fruit was carried out by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) on an Agilent Technologies 1200 chromatograph, column 75x4.6 mm Discovery HS C18. Qualitative analysis and quantitative calculation of the concentration ...


Research Of Physical And Chemical Indicators And Food Value Of Semi-Finished Products Of Sauce-Past Of Fruits And Vegetables, Atakhanov Shukhrat, Dadamirzaev Muzaffar, Akramboev Rasuljon, Otakhanov Shokirjon 2020 Namangan Engineering and Technology Institute, Uzbekistan

Research Of Physical And Chemical Indicators And Food Value Of Semi-Finished Products Of Sauce-Past Of Fruits And Vegetables, Atakhanov Shukhrat, Dadamirzaev Muzaffar, Akramboev Rasuljon, Otakhanov Shokirjon

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Development of technology for the storage and processing of fruits and vegetables and an increase in the degree of consumption of pro-cessed products among the population is an urgent problem of the present time.Developed recipes for semi-finished sauce-pastes, consisting of fruits, vegetables and their mixtures, the technology of their production. These recipes rationally used sesame of Yerusalem artichoke - secondary raw materials of the canning industry, the powder of the peel of Walnuts, sunflower seeds. Used existing methods for the determination of physical-chemical parameters and nutritional value of semi-finished sauce-paste. A recipe and production technology for a semi-finished product, persim-mon ...


Extraction Of The Cotton Cake By The Influence Of Pulse Electric Field, Kayimov Fazliddin, Mazhidov Qahramon 2020 Bukhara Engineering-Technological Institute, Uzbekistan

Extraction Of The Cotton Cake By The Influence Of Pulse Electric Field, Kayimov Fazliddin, Mazhidov Qahramon

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The technology of extraction of cotton cake by the influence of a pulsed electric field on the extracted mass is researched. The dependence of the specific conductivity on the inverse temperature using the influence of a pulsed electric field has been estab-lished. The technological process of extraction of vegetable oil is accelerated and an increase in oil yield is ensured.


Effects Of Drinking Water Treatment Processes On Removal Of Algal Matter And Subsequent Water Quality, Ziming Zhao 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Effects Of Drinking Water Treatment Processes On Removal Of Algal Matter And Subsequent Water Quality, Ziming Zhao

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Seasonal algal blooms in drinking water sources have increased significantly over the recent past as a result of increased temperature and nutrient loading in surface water due to agricultural and surface runoff. More than 95% of algal cells can be removed by coagulation and flocculation processes. However, algal organic matter (AOM) is not removed well during coagulation, thus causes several operational challenges in drinking water treatment. This research was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of coagulation, granular activated carbon adsorption, and filtration processes on AOM removal and to evaluate disinfection by-products formation potential with/without UV irradiation.

Initially, coagulation performance ...


Determination Of Amino Acids Buffer Of Soluble Proteins Of The Aral Sea Artemia Cyst, KHAJIBAYEV Quvvat, BERDIMBETOVA Gulsara, QARLIBAYEVA Bakhtigul, OSHCHEPKOVA Yuliya 2020 Institute of Natural Sciences, Nukus, Uzbekistan

Determination Of Amino Acids Buffer Of Soluble Proteins Of The Aral Sea Artemia Cyst, Khajibayev Quvvat, Berdimbetova Gulsara, Qarlibayeva Bakhtigul, Oshchepkova Yuliya

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

For the first time, the amino acid composition of the buffer of soluble proteins of the Artemia cyst of the Aral Sea was determined. The determination of the qualitative and quantitative amino acid content of the buffer of soluble proteins of Artemia cysts was carried out by high performance liquid chromatography. Qualitative analysis and quantitative calculation of the concentration of the studied free amino acids were carried out by comparing the retention time and peak areas of standard amino acids, and the studied phenylthiocarbamide derivatives of amino acids. As a result of studies in the buffer of soluble proteins of ...


A Foundational Approach To Extrusion And Compounding, David Frankart 2020 The University of Akron

A Foundational Approach To Extrusion And Compounding, David Frankart

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

With a history of nearly 200 years, polymer processing and compounding is constantly changing to fit the material science needs of the era. Exposure of undergraduate students to the technology and practices used in industry today in a lab setting would create new opportunities for experiential learning and growth. The objective was to set up a 0.75”, 25 L/D Thermo Haake single screw extruder for lab use and run trials of material in a single screw extruder to set up a basis for experiments. Trials were run of co-polyester resin through a single screw extruder with carbon fiber ...


Filtration Apparatus Design For Oil-Water Separation Using Membranes And Sponges, Alec Jerger 2020 University of Akron

Filtration Apparatus Design For Oil-Water Separation Using Membranes And Sponges, Alec Jerger

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

It can be difficult to separate water and oil emulsions through traditional filtration. Therefore, investigations of filtering using thermo-responsive (TR) polymers, in this case poly(vinyl methyl ether) (PVME), was conducted. It’s hypothesized that below its lower critical solution temperature (LCST), PVME has an affinity for water while oil substances do not. Above the LCST the opposite will be true. To verify this hypothesis, iterations of filtration designs were created to provide optimum control over the parameters to measure flow. The final optimized experimental apparatus was a Chromaflex glass column which was air tight and controlled all parameters besides ...


Design Of Pigments For Use In “Cool” Coatings, Tyler Laughorn 2020 The University of Akron

Design Of Pigments For Use In “Cool” Coatings, Tyler Laughorn

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

This project was focused on the development and testing of several novel pigments that exhibit high NIR-reflectance and therefore show potential for use in “cool” coatings. A “cool” coating will reflect more solar radiation than other standard coatings, and so a coated structure would require less energy to keep cool. Four sets of pigments were synthesized: Co1-xMgxCr2O4 (teal), Co0.25Mg0.75Cr2-yAlyO4 (blue), Ti1-x-yNixSbyO2 (yellow), and Cr2-xFexO3 (black). NIR and TSR values were ...


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