Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Chemical Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

12,436 Full-Text Articles 16,581 Authors 3,712,069 Downloads 130 Institutions

All Articles in Chemical Engineering

Faceted Search

12,436 full-text articles. Page 5 of 361.

Experimental Investigation Of Bio-Enhancer Drilling Fluid Additive: Can Palm Tree Leaves Be Utilized As A Supportive Eco-Friendly Additive In Water-Based Drilling Fluid System?, Abo Taleb T. Al-Hameedi, Husam H. Alkinani, Shari Dunn-Norman, Mustafa A. Al-Alwani, Waleed H. Al-Bazzaz, Abdullah F. Alshammari, Hussien W. Albazzaz, Rusul A. Mutar 2020 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Experimental Investigation Of Bio-Enhancer Drilling Fluid Additive: Can Palm Tree Leaves Be Utilized As A Supportive Eco-Friendly Additive In Water-Based Drilling Fluid System?, Abo Taleb T. Al-Hameedi, Husam H. Alkinani, Shari Dunn-Norman, Mustafa A. Al-Alwani, Waleed H. Al-Bazzaz, Abdullah F. Alshammari, Hussien W. Albazzaz, Rusul A. Mutar

Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Serious problems will be presented due to using conventional chemical additives to regulate the drilling mud properties, as they have health, safety, and environmental side effects. Thus, there is a considerable necessity for alternative multifunctional bio-enhancer drilling mud additives, which can assist in optimizing the drilling fluid specifications and enhance its effectiveness with the least effects on the environment and the drilling personnel safety. The effects of adding two concentrations of palm tree leaves powder (PTLP) to water-based mud were conducted under fresh and aged conditions using standard API drilling fluids testing methods such as rheometer/viscometer, pH meter and ...


Multimodal Multiplexed Immunoimaging With Nanostars To Detect Multiple Immunomarkers And Monitor Response To Immunotherapies, Yu-Chuan Ou, Xiaona Wen, Christopher A. Johnson, Daniel Shae, Oscar D. Ayala, Joseph A. Webb, Eugene C. Lin, Rossane C. DeLapp, Kelli L. Boyd, Ann Richmond, Anita Mahadevan-Jansen, Marjan Rafat, John T. Wilson, Justin M. Balko, Mohammed N. Tantawy, Anna E. Vilgelm, Rizia Bardhan 2020 Vanderbilt University

Multimodal Multiplexed Immunoimaging With Nanostars To Detect Multiple Immunomarkers And Monitor Response To Immunotherapies, Yu-Chuan Ou, Xiaona Wen, Christopher A. Johnson, Daniel Shae, Oscar D. Ayala, Joseph A. Webb, Eugene C. Lin, Rossane C. Delapp, Kelli L. Boyd, Ann Richmond, Anita Mahadevan-Jansen, Marjan Rafat, John T. Wilson, Justin M. Balko, Mohammed N. Tantawy, Anna E. Vilgelm, Rizia Bardhan

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

The overexpression of immunomarker programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and engagement of PD-1 to its ligand, PD-L1, are involved in the functional impairment of cluster of differentiation 8+ (CD8+) T cells, contributing to cancer progression. However, heterogeneities in PD-L1 expression and variabilities in biopsy-based assays render current approaches inaccurate in predicting PD-L1 status. Therefore, PD-L1 screening alone is not predictive of patient response to treatment, which motivates us to simultaneously detect multiple immunomarkers engaged in immune modulation. Here, we have developed multimodal probes, immunoactive gold nanostars (IGNs), that accurately detect PD-L1+ tumor cells and CD8+ T cells simultaneously in ...


Noble-Transition Alloy Absorbers For Near-Infrared Hot-Carrier Optoelectronics, Sara Karoline Figueiredo Stofela 2020 Louisiana State University

Noble-Transition Alloy Absorbers For Near-Infrared Hot-Carrier Optoelectronics, Sara Karoline Figueiredo Stofela

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Optoelectronics is the field of technology concerned with the study and application of electronic devices that source, detect and control light. Here we focus on the optical communications field which relies on optical fiber systems to carry signals to their destinations operating in the near-infrared range. To improve the performance of current optical fiber systems, one of the paths is to develop better near-infrared photodetectors.

The current group of materials used for near-infrared photodetection relies in the III-V semiconductor family. Although their spectral photosensitivity correlates well with the near-infrared, response time performance and electronic circuit integration remain limited for this ...


The Desorption Kinetics Of Methane From Nonaqueous Fluids For Enhanced Well Control, James Lee Nielsen Jr. 2020 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

The Desorption Kinetics Of Methane From Nonaqueous Fluids For Enhanced Well Control, James Lee Nielsen Jr.

LSU Master's Theses

The mass transfer of a dissolved gas evolving to return to the gaseous phase from a liquid is governed by many parameters. This process affects the development of an oil and gas well due to the possibility of gas contamination occurring from either an influx entering the wellbore, or drilling through gas-bearing formations. Once this dissolved hydrocarbon gas circulates up the wellbore, it will begin to evolve from solution and poses a potential risk to drilling equipment, the environment, and personnel at a drilling rig. Being able to predict the behavior of gas desorption based on a known set of ...


Selection Of Optimal Conditions For The Cultivation Of Insect Cells For Use In Biotechnology, Khasanоv Shuhrat, Sasmakоv Sobir, Abdurakhmanоv Jaloliddin, Ashirоv Оybek 2020 Institute of the Chemistry of Plant Substances, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Selection Of Optimal Conditions For The Cultivation Of Insect Cells For Use In Biotechnology, Khasanоv Shuhrat, Sasmakоv Sobir, Abdurakhmanоv Jaloliddin, Ashirоv Оybek

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The article discusses use of the insect cell cultures for biotechnological purposes. Optimal conditions for the cultiva-tion of Spodoptera exigua and Lymantria dispar cell lines were selected.


Development Of A Method Of Oriented Immobilization Of Lipases On A Solid Carrier, Ziyavitdinov Jamolitdin Fazlitdinovich, Inogamov Utkir Kudratillayevich, Berdiev Nodir Sharifovich, Ishimov Uchkun Jomuradovich 2020 Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Development Of A Method Of Oriented Immobilization Of Lipases On A Solid Carrier, Ziyavitdinov Jamolitdin Fazlitdinovich, Inogamov Utkir Kudratillayevich, Berdiev Nodir Sharifovich, Ishimov Uchkun Jomuradovich

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The methods of oriented immobilization of lipases on a solid carrier - Silochrome C-80 have been developed. The resulting sorbents were tested in the process of obtaining biodiesel from cotton oil. It was shown that immobilized lipase on Silochrome C-80 with NH2 group has the highest transetrification ability and stability, while in sorbents with the enzyme immobilized with -COOH and -SH groups this value was 87 and 53%, respectively. Biocatalysis using an affinity sorbent of immobilized lipase with the –NH2 group has a high operational stability, which, after 240 hours of operation, retains more than 50%, and after 480 hours, 17 ...


Study Of Amino-Acid Composition Of Seed Of Oats Fruit (Avena Sativa L.), Nurullaeva Dilobar, Farmanova Nodira 2020 Tashkent Pharmaceutical Institute, Uzbekistan

Study Of Amino-Acid Composition Of Seed Of Oats Fruit (Avena Sativa L.), Nurullaeva Dilobar, Farmanova Nodira

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

For the first time, the amino acid composition of the seed oat fruit harvested in the Republic of Uzbekistan was stud-ied. Chromatographic detection of amino acids was performed by the method of ascending one-dimensional paper chroma-tography; violet, red-violet and yellow staining was observed, indicating the presence of free amino acids in the raw materi-al under study. The determination of the qualitative and quantitative content of amino acids of oat fruit was carried out by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) on an Agilent Technologies 1200 chromatograph, column 75x4.6 mm Discovery HS C18. Qualitative analysis and quantitative calculation of the concentration ...


Research Of Physical And Chemical Indicators And Food Value Of Semi-Finished Products Of Sauce-Past Of Fruits And Vegetables, Atakhanov Shukhrat, Dadamirzaev Muzaffar, Akramboev Rasuljon, Otakhanov Shokirjon 2020 Namangan Engineering and Technology Institute, Uzbekistan

Research Of Physical And Chemical Indicators And Food Value Of Semi-Finished Products Of Sauce-Past Of Fruits And Vegetables, Atakhanov Shukhrat, Dadamirzaev Muzaffar, Akramboev Rasuljon, Otakhanov Shokirjon

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Development of technology for the storage and processing of fruits and vegetables and an increase in the degree of consumption of pro-cessed products among the population is an urgent problem of the present time.Developed recipes for semi-finished sauce-pastes, consisting of fruits, vegetables and their mixtures, the technology of their production. These recipes rationally used sesame of Yerusalem artichoke - secondary raw materials of the canning industry, the powder of the peel of Walnuts, sunflower seeds. Used existing methods for the determination of physical-chemical parameters and nutritional value of semi-finished sauce-paste. A recipe and production technology for a semi-finished product, persim-mon ...


Extraction Of The Cotton Cake By The Influence Of Pulse Electric Field, Kayimov Fazliddin, Mazhidov Qahramon 2020 Bukhara Engineering-Technological Institute, Uzbekistan

Extraction Of The Cotton Cake By The Influence Of Pulse Electric Field, Kayimov Fazliddin, Mazhidov Qahramon

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The technology of extraction of cotton cake by the influence of a pulsed electric field on the extracted mass is researched. The dependence of the specific conductivity on the inverse temperature using the influence of a pulsed electric field has been estab-lished. The technological process of extraction of vegetable oil is accelerated and an increase in oil yield is ensured.


Research On The Process Of Obtaining Industrial Important From Wheat Straw, Kedelbayev Bakhytzhan, Rakhmanberdiev Gaffar, Lahanova Kulzada, Kalymbetov Gani 2020 South Kazakhstan State University. M. Auezov, Almati, Kazakhstan

Research On The Process Of Obtaining Industrial Important From Wheat Straw, Kedelbayev Bakhytzhan, Rakhmanberdiev Gaffar, Lahanova Kulzada, Kalymbetov Gani

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of this work was to develop a process of chemical hydrolytic hydrogenation of cellulose wheat straw, with the aim of increasing the yield of valuable products necessary for the biotechnology, pharmaceutical and chemical indus-tries. To obtain cellulose wheat straw carried out the process of auto hydrolysis. Studies have been conducted to study the process of chemical hydrolytic hydrolysis and hydrogenation of cellulose from rice processing waste, and optimal process parameters have been developed. As a result, we have implemented a combined (hybrid) hydrolysis-hydrogenation process for producing sorbitol. Developed catalysts for this process, investigated their activity. The influence of ...


Synthesis And Study Of The Products Of The Interaction Of Diethanolamine And Aldehyde., Magrupov Farkhad Asadullayevich, Alimukhamedov Muzaffar Ganiyevich, Adilov Irkinovich, Khudoyberdiev Akhmadali 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technological Institute, Uzbekistan

Synthesis And Study Of The Products Of The Interaction Of Diethanolamine And Aldehyde., Magrupov Farkhad Asadullayevich, Alimukhamedov Muzaffar Ganiyevich, Adilov Irkinovich, Khudoyberdiev Akhmadali

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The influence of the nature of aldehydes of the structure of the products of their interaction with diethanolamine was studied. It was found that the interaction of one mole of diethanolamine with one mole of aldehyde produces 2-substituted 1,3- oxosolidines. Moreover, hydroxylase-containing compounds are formed at molar ratios of diethanolamine: aldehyde = 2: 1 mol / mol. By carrying out the reaction of the interaction of diethanolamine with an aldehyde at their molar ratios of 2: 1 mol / mol, hydroxylase-containing compounds containing two tertiary nitrogen and four hydroxyl groups in their structure were synthesized. The exothermic effect of the reaction of ...


Unusual Effect Of Iodine Ions On The Self-Assembly Of Poly(Ethylene Glycol)-Capped Gold Nanoparticles, Wenjie Wang, Hyeong Jin Kim, Wei Bu, Surya Mallapragada, David Vaknin 2020 Ames Laboratory

Unusual Effect Of Iodine Ions On The Self-Assembly Of Poly(Ethylene Glycol)-Capped Gold Nanoparticles, Wenjie Wang, Hyeong Jin Kim, Wei Bu, Surya Mallapragada, David Vaknin

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

We use synchrotron X-ray reflectivity and grazing incidence small-angle X-ray scattering to investigate the surface assembly of the polyethylene glycol (PEG) grafted gold nanoparticles (PEG-AuNPs) induced by different salts. We find that NaCl and CsCl behave as many other electrolytes, namely drive the PEG-AuNPs to the vapor/suspension interface to form a layer of single particle depth and organize them into very high quality two-dimensional (2D) hexagonal crystals. By contrast, NaI induces the migration of PEG-AuNPs to the aqueous surface at much higher surface densities than the other salts (at similar concentrations). The resulting 2D ordering at moderate NaI concentrations ...


Determination Of The Free Energies Of Mixing Of Organic Solutions Through A Combined Molecular Dynamics And Bayesian Statistics Approach, Shi Li, Balaji Sesha Sarath Pokuri, Sean Ryno, Asare Nkansah, Camron De’vine, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Chad Risko 2020 University of Kentucky

Determination Of The Free Energies Of Mixing Of Organic Solutions Through A Combined Molecular Dynamics And Bayesian Statistics Approach, Shi Li, Balaji Sesha Sarath Pokuri, Sean Ryno, Asare Nkansah, Camron De’Vine, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Chad Risko

Mechanical Engineering Publications

As new generations of thin-film semiconductors are moving towards solution-based processing, the development of printing formulations will require information pertaining to the free energies of mixing of complex mixtures. From the standpoint of in silico materials design, this move necessitates the development of methods that can accurately and quickly evaluate these formulations in order to maximize processing speed and reproducibility. Here, we make use of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations in combination with the two-phase thermodynamic (2PT) model to explore the free energy of mixing surfaces for a series of halogenated solvents and high boiling point solvent additives used in the ...


Effects Of Drinking Water Treatment Processes On Removal Of Algal Matter And Subsequent Water Quality, Ziming Zhao 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Effects Of Drinking Water Treatment Processes On Removal Of Algal Matter And Subsequent Water Quality, Ziming Zhao

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Seasonal algal blooms in drinking water sources have increased significantly over the recent past as a result of increased temperature and nutrient loading in surface water due to agricultural and surface runoff. More than 95% of algal cells can be removed by coagulation and flocculation processes. However, algal organic matter (AOM) is not removed well during coagulation, thus causes several operational challenges in drinking water treatment. This research was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of coagulation, granular activated carbon adsorption, and filtration processes on AOM removal and to evaluate disinfection by-products formation potential with/without UV irradiation.

Initially, coagulation performance ...


Obtaining Of The “Green Flourecent Protein - Gfp” In Yeast Of Pichia Pastoris As Repoter Of Heterological Protein Expression, ASHIRОV Оybek, SASMAKОV Sobirdjan, ABDURAKHMANОV Jaloliddin, HASANОV Shuhrat 2020 Institute of the Chemistry of Plant Substances, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Obtaining Of The “Green Flourecent Protein - Gfp” In Yeast Of Pichia Pastoris As Repoter Of Heterological Protein Expression, Ashirоv Оybek, Sasmakоv Sobirdjan, Abdurakhmanоv Jaloliddin, Hasanоv Shuhrat

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Based on pPIC3.5 and pPIC9 yeast vectors the recombinant plasmid DNA pPIC3.5-GFP (8464 bp) and pPIC9-GFP (8718 bp) containing cDNA (719 bp) of Green fluorescent protein (GFP) were cloned. The obtained plasmids were transformed into yeast cells of the GS115 Pichia pastoris strain. Transformants are selected on histidine-deficient medium. Recombinant clones of pPIC3.5-GFP and pPIC9-GFP were identified by detecting cell fluorescence. GFP expression in yeast is confirmed by green fluorescence. Using electrophoresis in PAAG the molecular weight of the synthesized protein (≈27 kDa) is determined. The resulting reporter constructs and recombinant strains can be used to study ...


Determination Of Amino Acids Buffer Of Soluble Proteins Of The Aral Sea Artemia Cyst, KHAJIBAYEV Quvvat, BERDIMBETOVA Gulsara, QARLIBAYEVA Bakhtigul, OSHCHEPKOVA Yuliya 2020 Institute of Natural Sciences, Nukus, Uzbekistan

Determination Of Amino Acids Buffer Of Soluble Proteins Of The Aral Sea Artemia Cyst, Khajibayev Quvvat, Berdimbetova Gulsara, Qarlibayeva Bakhtigul, Oshchepkova Yuliya

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

For the first time, the amino acid composition of the buffer of soluble proteins of the Artemia cyst of the Aral Sea was determined. The determination of the qualitative and quantitative amino acid content of the buffer of soluble proteins of Artemia cysts was carried out by high performance liquid chromatography. Qualitative analysis and quantitative calculation of the concentration of the studied free amino acids were carried out by comparing the retention time and peak areas of standard amino acids, and the studied phenylthiocarbamide derivatives of amino acids. As a result of studies in the buffer of soluble proteins of ...


Synthesis Of Pyridine Bases And Application As Corrosion Inhibitors, SARSENBAEV Nurlan Tenelbayevich, KADIROV Xasan Irgashevich 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technological Institute, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Synthesis Of Pyridine Bases And Application As Corrosion Inhibitors, Sarsenbaev Nurlan Tenelbayevich, Kadirov Xasan Irgashevich

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of this work was to obtain corrosion inhibitors. It has been established that heterocyclic compounds, including pyridine and its derivatives, are more frequently used as the active component in the combination of modern inhibitors of carrosion The catalytic reaction of obtaining pyridine and its derivatives by passing a mixture of acetaldehyde and formalin with ammonia was studied. By modifying the mixture of the obtained pyridine bases with urotropine, acrylic emulsion, thiourea, copper salts, etc., compositions are obtained that can serve as inhibitors of hydrochloric acid treatment.


Alkinylation Reactions Of Benzaldehyde By Ethynylbenzene In The Presence Of Some Catalysts, ABDURAKHMANOVA Saida, ZIYADULLAEV Odiljon, IKRAMOV Abduvakhab, DOBRYNKIN Nikolay 2020 Chirchik State Pedagogical Institute, Chirchik, Uzbekistan

Alkinylation Reactions Of Benzaldehyde By Ethynylbenzene In The Presence Of Some Catalysts, Abdurakhmanova Saida, Ziyadullaev Odiljon, Ikramov Abduvakhab, Dobrynkin Nikolay

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The synthesis of acetylene alcohol 1,3-diphenyl propin-2-ol-1, which has several reaction centers in the molecule, is studied. This product was obtained for the first time from a representative of aromatic hydrocarbons of benzaldehyde with phenylacetylene based on an alkynylation reaction in the presence of stereoselective catalysts - ZnEt2/Ti(OiPr)4/PhMe and Sn(OTf)2/NEt3/MeCN. The influence of the activity, stability, and selectivity of the selected catalysts on the yield of products, as well as, the rate of the main reactions, along with side reactions was analyzed. The optimal conditions for the alkynylation reaction and the selectivity ...


Influence Of Nanostructural Catalyst In The Synthesis Of Allyl Phenyl Ether And Of Its Isomerization Products, MUSAEV Khusniddin, AZIMOVA Gulmira, TAJIMUKHAMMEDOV Khabibulla, YULDASHEVA Мukhabbat 2020 National University of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Influence Of Nanostructural Catalyst In The Synthesis Of Allyl Phenyl Ether And Of Its Isomerization Products, Musaev Khusniddin, Azimova Gulmira, Tajimukhammedov Khabibulla, Yuldasheva Мukhabbat

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Attention to 2-allylphenol (2-AF) and its synthesis is due by the fact that this compound is the starting material for the production of a number of biologically active natural compounds, such as synthetic fungicide. A number of recent publications have shown the high activity of zeolite, rhodium, iridium, and ruthenium catalysts in allylation reactions. The lack of these catalysts is their high cost. Therefore, the use of new effective and inexpensive catalysts in the reactions of synthesis and isomerization of allyl phenyl ether is important problem. The aim of this work is the selective synthesis of o-allylphenols in the isomerization ...


A Study Of Particle-Laden Flows From Meso And Micro-Scale Perspectives, Daniel Guedes de Oliveira 2020 Louisiana State University

A Study Of Particle-Laden Flows From Meso And Micro-Scale Perspectives, Daniel Guedes De Oliveira

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Particle-laden flows are investigated numerically from a meso-scale perspective using Computational Fluid Dynamics coupled with Discrete Element Method (CFD-DEM) and from a micro-scale perspective using Particle Resolved Direct Numerical Simulation (PR-DNS). For the former, the dynamics of a pseudo-2D pulsed fluidized bed (PFB) consisting of 400,000 to 800,000 particles was investigated (Chapters 2 and 3). The focus is on the capabilities of CFD-DEM to (1) reproduce pattern formation in these systems and (2) further the understanding of the dynamics of PFB's as a function of pulsation parameters. In Chapter 4, a two-spheres system is investigated with a ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress