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Engineering Dopant Position In Structure-Controlled Ceo2-Zro2 Catalysts, Behnam Safavinia 2020 Louisiana State University

Engineering Dopant Position In Structure-Controlled Ceo2-Zro2 Catalysts, Behnam Safavinia

LSU Master's Theses

CeO2-ZrO2 (CZO) nanoparticles (NPs) have application in many catalytic reactions, such as methane reformation, due to their oxygen cycling ability. Ni doping has been shown to improve the catalytic activity and acts as an active site for the decomposition of methane. In this work, Ni:CZO NPs were synthesized via a two-step co-precipitation/molten salt synthesis to compare Ni distribution, oxygen vacancy concentration, and catalytic activity relative to a reference state-of-the-art catalyst. To better understand the effects of Ni position and dispersion, and oxygen vacancy formation in these materials, the Ni concentration, reaction time, and deposition methods ...


Removal Of Fluoride From Mine Water Via Adsorption For Land-Applied Soil Amendment, Michelle Dopp, Kevin Le, Ethan Phan, Mary Johnson, Jacqueline Payne, Adrian Damian, Courtney Golman 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Removal Of Fluoride From Mine Water Via Adsorption For Land-Applied Soil Amendment, Michelle Dopp, Kevin Le, Ethan Phan, Mary Johnson, Jacqueline Payne, Adrian Damian, Courtney Golman

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Moo Pig Sooie’s researched, designed, and economically analyzed a full-scale adsorption column system to be applied in mining processes that leave high amounts of fluoride in their effluent. This system was designed to remove fluoride from water saturated with calcium sulfate, as calcium sulfate is present in high amounts in certain mining processes. Currently, high density sludge (HDS) is commonly employed to reduce fluoride concentrations, but due to solubility limits the sludge treatment cannot lower fluoride below 10 mg/L (ppm). The current enforceable EPA standard for discharged water is at 4 mg/L (ppm), although mining companies ...


Improvement Of Fluidization Ability For Group A Powders By Fine Powder Additives, Xiaowei Zhang 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Improvement Of Fluidization Ability For Group A Powders By Fine Powder Additives, Xiaowei Zhang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Group A powders are widely utilized in the industry because of the great quality of fluidization, which can be affected by the fine content. This project investigates the feasibility that employing the fine powders (≤ 20 μm) as additives to further improve the fluidization ability of Group A powders. Three additives, Coal-15, GB-6, and SiO2-5 are added into FCC-76, based on various volume fractions. The minimum fluidization velocity (Umf), bed expansion ratio (BER), and dense phase expansion ratio (DER) are tested to evaluate the quality of fluidization. Coal-15 can slightly improve the fluidization quality. High content of GB-6 ...


Research Of Kinetic Characteristics Of The Process Of Decomposition Of Zinc Concentrate With Hydrochloric Acid, Rosilov Mansur, Deng Tianlong, Usmanov Ilham, Samadiy Murodjon 2020 Tashkent Chemical Technological Institute

Research Of Kinetic Characteristics Of The Process Of Decomposition Of Zinc Concentrate With Hydrochloric Acid, Rosilov Mansur, Deng Tianlong, Usmanov Ilham, Samadiy Murodjon

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of the study was the theoretical justification of the kinetic characteristics of the process of producing zinc chloride from zinc concentrate of the Khandiza deposit. For this, the effect of temperature and duration of the process of autoclave zinc extraction in a 28% hydrochloric acid solution was studied at a ratio of Zn: HCI = 1:1.1. Variable parameters were the temperature of 70, 80 and 90 °C and the duration of the leaching process of 6, 8 and 10 hours. The optimal parameters for the production of zinc chloride were determined.


The Study Of The Component Composition Of The Reaction Mixture Containing Formaldehyde Reaction Products, Hurramov Lochinbek, Alimukhamedova Nozima, Adilov Ravshan, Alimukhamedov Muzafar 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technological Institute

The Study Of The Component Composition Of The Reaction Mixture Containing Formaldehyde Reaction Products, Hurramov Lochinbek, Alimukhamedova Nozima, Adilov Ravshan, Alimukhamedov Muzafar

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of this work is to study the effect of the conditions of the reaction of monoethanolamine (Meol) with formaldehyde (FD) on the composition of the reaction mixture. Interaction of monoethanolamine with formaldehyde leads to the formation of N,N’,N”-tris(β-oxyethyl) hexahydro-S-triazine or N,N-bisoxazolidine. The type of final product was determined by the conditions of the reaction and the molar ratio of aminoalcohol:formaldehyde. The chromatogram of the vacuum-distilled final product obtained at the molar ratio of monoethanolamine:formaldehyde=1:1 shows on an individual compound with a retention time of 4.173 s. With increase ...


Evaluating Lignin Valorization Via Pyrolysis And Vapor-Phase Hydrodeoxygenation For Production Of Aromatics And Alkenes, Alireza Saraeian, Alvina Aui, Yu Gao, Mark M. Wright, Marcus Foston, Brent H. Shanks 2020 Iowa State University

Evaluating Lignin Valorization Via Pyrolysis And Vapor-Phase Hydrodeoxygenation For Production Of Aromatics And Alkenes, Alireza Saraeian, Alvina Aui, Yu Gao, Mark M. Wright, Marcus Foston, Brent H. Shanks

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Lignin valorization to chemicals is an important component of creating economically viable biofuels production from lignocellulosic biomass. Any such strategy should aim at producing chemicals used at scales that can appropriately match lignin availability. Herein, a combined pyrolysis and low-pressure hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) process configuration is proposed to achieve total oxygen removal and obtain hydrocarbon (aromatic and alkene) products. This approach is tested for its robustness for lignin feedstocks obtained from a variety of sources and extracted using different procedures. The experimental results demonstrate that regardless of the lignin source, the HDO process using a MoO3 catalyst was able to funnel ...


Influence Of Conditions For Alcoholysis Of Secondary Polyethylene Terephthalate On The Output Of Bis (Hydroxyethyl) Terephthalate, ABDUVOKHIDOV Iqboljon, JURAYEV Asror, ALIMUKHAMEDOV Muzafar, MAGRUPOV Farkhad 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technological Institute, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Influence Of Conditions For Alcoholysis Of Secondary Polyethylene Terephthalate On The Output Of Bis (Hydroxyethyl) Terephthalate, Abduvokhidov Iqboljon, Jurayev Asror, Alimukhamedov Muzafar, Magrupov Farkhad

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The paper presents the results of a study of the process of alcoholysis of secondary polyethylene terephthalate ethylene glycol (EG). The main attention is paid to determining the optimal conditions for the formation of bis-hydroxy ethylene terephthalate, since this product is an intermediate in the production of polyethylene terephthalate. At the same time, the effects of the duration of alcoholysis, the type and amount of catalyst on the yield of bis-hydroxy ethylene terephthalate (ratio of PET: EG = 1 mol elementary link 4 mol) were studied. Changing the duration of alcoholysis from 8 to 10 hours, the type and amount of ...


A Technoeconomic Platform For Early-Stage Process Design And Cost Estimation Of Joint Fermentative‒Catalytic Bioprocessing, Mothi Bharath Viswanathan, D. Raj Raman, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Brent H. Shanks 2020 Iowa State University

A Technoeconomic Platform For Early-Stage Process Design And Cost Estimation Of Joint Fermentative‒Catalytic Bioprocessing, Mothi Bharath Viswanathan, D. Raj Raman, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Brent H. Shanks

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Technoeconomic analyses using established tools such as SuperPro Designer® require a level of detail that is typically unavailable at the early stage of process evaluation. To facilitate this, members of our group previously created a spreadsheet-based process modeling and technoeconomic platform explicitly aimed at joint fermentative‒catalytic biorefinery processes. In this work, we detail the reorganization and expansion of this model—ESTEA2 (Early State Technoeconomic Analysis, version 2), including detailed design and cost calculations for new unit operations. Furthermore, we describe ESTEA2 validation using ethanol and sorbic acid process. The results were compared with estimates from the literature, SuperPro Designer ...


Utilization Of Mechanocatalytic Oligosaccharides By Ethanologenic Escherichia Coli As A Model Microbial Cell Factory, Tao Jin, Mats Käldström, Adriana Benavides, Marcelo D. Kaufman Rechulski, Laura R. Jarboe 2020 Iowa State University

Utilization Of Mechanocatalytic Oligosaccharides By Ethanologenic Escherichia Coli As A Model Microbial Cell Factory, Tao Jin, Mats Käldström, Adriana Benavides, Marcelo D. Kaufman Rechulski, Laura R. Jarboe

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Mechanocatalysis is a promising method for depolymerization of lignocellulosic biomass. Microbial utilization of the resulting oligosaccharides is one potential route of adding value to the depolymerized biomass. However, it is unclear how readily these oligosaccharides are utilized by standard cell factories. Here, we investigate utilization of cellulose subjected to mechanocatalytic depolymerization, using ethanologenic Escherichia coli as a model fermentation organism. The mechanocatalytic oligosaccharides supported ethanol titers similar to those observed when glucose was provided at comparable concentrations. Tracking of the various oligomers, using maltose (alpha-1,4) and cellobiose (beta-1,4) oligomers as representative standards of the orientation, but not linkage ...


Research On The Process Of Obtaining Industrial Important From Wheat Straw, Kedelbayev Bakhytzhan, Rakhmanberdiev Gaffar, Lahanova Kulzada, Kalymbetov Gani 2020 South Kazakhstan State University. M. Auezov, Almati, Kazakhstan

Research On The Process Of Obtaining Industrial Important From Wheat Straw, Kedelbayev Bakhytzhan, Rakhmanberdiev Gaffar, Lahanova Kulzada, Kalymbetov Gani

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of this work was to develop a process of chemical hydrolytic hydrogenation of cellulose wheat straw, with the aim of increasing the yield of valuable products necessary for the biotechnology, pharmaceutical and chemical indus-tries. To obtain cellulose wheat straw carried out the process of auto hydrolysis. Studies have been conducted to study the process of chemical hydrolytic hydrolysis and hydrogenation of cellulose from rice processing waste, and optimal process parameters have been developed. As a result, we have implemented a combined (hybrid) hydrolysis-hydrogenation process for producing sorbitol. Developed catalysts for this process, investigated their activity. The influence of ...


Synthesis And Study Of The Products Of The Interaction Of Diethanolamine And Aldehyde., Magrupov Farkhad Asadullayevich, Alimukhamedov Muzaffar Ganiyevich, Adilov Irkinovich, Khudoyberdiev Akhmadali 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technological Institute, Uzbekistan

Synthesis And Study Of The Products Of The Interaction Of Diethanolamine And Aldehyde., Magrupov Farkhad Asadullayevich, Alimukhamedov Muzaffar Ganiyevich, Adilov Irkinovich, Khudoyberdiev Akhmadali

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The influence of the nature of aldehydes of the structure of the products of their interaction with diethanolamine was studied. It was found that the interaction of one mole of diethanolamine with one mole of aldehyde produces 2-substituted 1,3- oxosolidines. Moreover, hydroxylase-containing compounds are formed at molar ratios of diethanolamine: aldehyde = 2: 1 mol / mol. By carrying out the reaction of the interaction of diethanolamine with an aldehyde at their molar ratios of 2: 1 mol / mol, hydroxylase-containing compounds containing two tertiary nitrogen and four hydroxyl groups in their structure were synthesized. The exothermic effect of the reaction of ...


Synthesis Of Pyridine Bases And Application As Corrosion Inhibitors, SARSENBAEV Nurlan Tenelbayevich, KADIROV Xasan Irgashevich 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technological Institute, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Synthesis Of Pyridine Bases And Application As Corrosion Inhibitors, Sarsenbaev Nurlan Tenelbayevich, Kadirov Xasan Irgashevich

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of this work was to obtain corrosion inhibitors. It has been established that heterocyclic compounds, including pyridine and its derivatives, are more frequently used as the active component in the combination of modern inhibitors of carrosion The catalytic reaction of obtaining pyridine and its derivatives by passing a mixture of acetaldehyde and formalin with ammonia was studied. By modifying the mixture of the obtained pyridine bases with urotropine, acrylic emulsion, thiourea, copper salts, etc., compositions are obtained that can serve as inhibitors of hydrochloric acid treatment.


Alkinylation Reactions Of Benzaldehyde By Ethynylbenzene In The Presence Of Some Catalysts, ABDURAKHMANOVA Saida, ZIYADULLAEV Odiljon, IKRAMOV Abduvakhab, DOBRYNKIN Nikolay 2020 Chirchik State Pedagogical Institute, Chirchik, Uzbekistan

Alkinylation Reactions Of Benzaldehyde By Ethynylbenzene In The Presence Of Some Catalysts, Abdurakhmanova Saida, Ziyadullaev Odiljon, Ikramov Abduvakhab, Dobrynkin Nikolay

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The synthesis of acetylene alcohol 1,3-diphenyl propin-2-ol-1, which has several reaction centers in the molecule, is studied. This product was obtained for the first time from a representative of aromatic hydrocarbons of benzaldehyde with phenylacetylene based on an alkynylation reaction in the presence of stereoselective catalysts - ZnEt2/Ti(OiPr)4/PhMe and Sn(OTf)2/NEt3/MeCN. The influence of the activity, stability, and selectivity of the selected catalysts on the yield of products, as well as, the rate of the main reactions, along with side reactions was analyzed. The optimal conditions for the alkynylation reaction and the selectivity ...


Influence Of Nanostructural Catalyst In The Synthesis Of Allyl Phenyl Ether And Of Its Isomerization Products, MUSAEV Khusniddin, AZIMOVA Gulmira, TAJIMUKHAMMEDOV Khabibulla, YULDASHEVA Мukhabbat 2020 National University of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Influence Of Nanostructural Catalyst In The Synthesis Of Allyl Phenyl Ether And Of Its Isomerization Products, Musaev Khusniddin, Azimova Gulmira, Tajimukhammedov Khabibulla, Yuldasheva Мukhabbat

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Attention to 2-allylphenol (2-AF) and its synthesis is due by the fact that this compound is the starting material for the production of a number of biologically active natural compounds, such as synthetic fungicide. A number of recent publications have shown the high activity of zeolite, rhodium, iridium, and ruthenium catalysts in allylation reactions. The lack of these catalysts is their high cost. Therefore, the use of new effective and inexpensive catalysts in the reactions of synthesis and isomerization of allyl phenyl ether is important problem. The aim of this work is the selective synthesis of o-allylphenols in the isomerization ...


Nanoscale Colocalization Of Fluorogenic Probes Reveals The Role Of Oxygen Vacancies In The Photocatalytic Activity Of Tungsten Oxide Nanowires, Meikun Shen, Tianben Ding, Steven T. Hartman, Fudong Wang, Christina Krucylak, Zheyu Wang, Che Tan, Bo Yin, Rohan Mishra, Matthew D. Lew, Bryce Sadtler 2020 Washington University in St. Louis

Nanoscale Colocalization Of Fluorogenic Probes Reveals The Role Of Oxygen Vacancies In The Photocatalytic Activity Of Tungsten Oxide Nanowires, Meikun Shen, Tianben Ding, Steven T. Hartman, Fudong Wang, Christina Krucylak, Zheyu Wang, Che Tan, Bo Yin, Rohan Mishra, Matthew D. Lew, Bryce Sadtler

Electrical & Systems Engineering Publications and Presentations

Defect engineering is a strategy that has been widely used to design active semiconductor photocatalysts. However, understanding the role of defects, such as oxygen vacancies, in controlling photocatalytic activity remains a challenge. Here, we report the use of chemically triggered fluorogenic probes to study the spatial distribution of active regions in individual tungsten oxide nanowires using super-resolution fluorescence microscopy. The nanowires show significant heterogeneity along their lengths for the photocatalytic generation of hydroxyl radicals. Through quantitative, coordinate-based colocalization of multiple probe molecules activated by the same nanowires, we demonstrate that the nanoscale regions most active for the photocatalytic generation of ...


Dynamic Study Of Mo/Zsm-5 Catalyst For Ch4 Dehydroaromatization, Hadi Yahya Almusawa 2020 West Virginia University

Dynamic Study Of Mo/Zsm-5 Catalyst For Ch4 Dehydroaromatization, Hadi Yahya Almusawa

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Methane dehydroaromatization (CH4-MDA) is a highly promising venture for natural gas utilization/exploitation, i.e., direct conversion of methane (CH4) to liquid aromatics (benzene) and hydrogen. This process is a catalytic reaction and therefore, is subject to all the advantages and constraints of catalysis. This study discussed the structure and reactivity of Mo/ZSM-5 zeolite catalysts and their effect on the active conversion of methane to valuable aromatic products such as benzene: 1) The preparation and characterization of Mo/ZSM-5, which are crucial steps in any catalytic reaction process since a better performing catalyst consequently leads to ...


Characterization And Electrochemical Performance Of Dopamine-Sensitized Titania Thin Films, Joshua Garay 2020 University of Kentucky

Characterization And Electrochemical Performance Of Dopamine-Sensitized Titania Thin Films, Joshua Garay

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

Sensitization of mesoporous titania films with dopamine and polydopamine for visible light photoelectrochemical activity is investigated. Sensitization effectiveness is compared with 8 mM dopamine solutions of varying pH (acidic, basic, and neutral), as well as with a basic polydopamine solution. Vibrational changes due to dopamine attachment are determined from detached powders by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) is used to quantify organics attached. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) of intact films probes the chemically induced charge shift from dopamine attachment. Cyclic voltammetry identifies the irreversible dopamine oxidation and tin reduction voltages. Finally, chronoamperometric curves are used to compare ...


Aqueous And Oil Products From Hydrothermal Liquefaction Of Manure Digestate, Kenzie Burns 2020 Bucknell University

Aqueous And Oil Products From Hydrothermal Liquefaction Of Manure Digestate, Kenzie Burns

Honors Theses

Hydrothermal liquefaction is a promising thermochemical waste-to-energy (WtE) technology for conversion of wet biomasses, such as manure and digested manure, into value-added products, namely energy-rich biofuel and a nutrient-rich aqueous product. WtE technologies can address environmental issues relating to overproduction of organic wastes and increasing dependence on fossil fuels, which leads to climate change. HTL has not been implemented on a commercial scale, in part due to the uncertainty regarding specific reaction pathways for different feedstocks and ideal conditions for production of the most valuable products.

This research investigates the compositions of the aqueous and oil products from HTL of ...


Investigation Of Oxygen Reduction Reaction In Carbon-Based Electrocatalysts, Andrew Mason 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Investigation Of Oxygen Reduction Reaction In Carbon-Based Electrocatalysts, Andrew Mason

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

In the modern era, some global challenges are energy storage conversion. To find sustainable solutions to this problem, researchers have turned to renewable energy resources. An example of promising energy generation devices is fuel cell. Fuel cells are electrochemical systems that convert the chemical energy of the fuel to electrochemical potential that can be used as direct current (dc) generators. Although these technologies are very attractive, they are known to be expensive due to high cost of catalysts and concerns regarding their energy densities. Fuel cells composed of two electrodes, namely cathode and anode and electrolyte separating the oxidizing agents ...


Hydrodynamics Of Liquid-Solid And Three-Phase Inverse Circulating Fluidized Beds, Tian Nan 2019 The University of Western Ontario

Hydrodynamics Of Liquid-Solid And Three-Phase Inverse Circulating Fluidized Beds, Tian Nan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The hydrodynamics of inverse liquid-solid circulating fluidized bed (ILSCFB) is experimentally studied in a 5.4 m tall and 0.076 m ID column. 5 types of low density particles are investigated with different particle terminal velocities.

Solids holdup distribution is found to be uniform in a wide range of superficial liquid velocities and over 10 solid circulation rates. Average solids hold is not sensitive to particle properties. Clustering phenomenon is found to be significant affecting the slip velocity in the ILSCFB. And the cluster phenomenon is directly related to particle R­eynolds number (Ret). Particles with little Ret ...


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