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Hydrogen Production By Photocatalytic Water Splitting Under Near-Uv And Visible Light Using Doped Pt And Pd Tio2, Bianca Rusinque 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Hydrogen Production By Photocatalytic Water Splitting Under Near-Uv And Visible Light Using Doped Pt And Pd Tio2, Bianca Rusinque

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Photocatalysis is a promising methodology for hydrogen production. It involves the use of an unlimited source of energy, sunlight, and a semiconductor material to split water with zero carbon emissions.

This Master’s thesis reports high efficiencies in terms of hydrogen production via water splitting using 2.0v/v% ethanol as scavenger, platinum and palladium as noble metals on TiO2 photocatalysts at three metal loadings (1.0, 2.5 and 5.0wt%). Both near UV and visible light were used in the studies developed. These photocatalysts were synthetized using a sol-gel method whose morphological properties were enhanced due to ...


Numerical Investigations Of Bubble Column Equipped With Vertical Internals In Different Arrangements, Tuntun Gaurav 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Numerical Investigations Of Bubble Column Equipped With Vertical Internals In Different Arrangements, Tuntun Gaurav

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Bubble columns are multiphase contactors with wide applications in industrial processes. Often they are equipped with longitudinal tube bundles to facilitate heat exchange. Studying effects of these internals on column hydrodynamics is vital for the design of these internals. Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) simulations provide an understanding of the complex two-phase flow enabling the study of the effects of the internals on the column hydrodynamics. In the present work, an Eulerian-Eulerian based two-fluid model (TFM) coupled with a population balance model (PBM) is used to simulate the gas-liquid two-phase flows in bubble columns. The models studied were validated using experimental ...


Platinum-Gallium (Pt-Ga) Intermetallic Alloys For Propane Dehydrogenation, Brittany K. Roopnarine, Nicole J. Libretto, Johnny Zhuchen, Zhenwei Wu, Evan Wegener, Griffin Canning, Abhaya K. Datye, Jeffrey T. Miller 2018 Manhattan College

Platinum-Gallium (Pt-Ga) Intermetallic Alloys For Propane Dehydrogenation, Brittany K. Roopnarine, Nicole J. Libretto, Johnny Zhuchen, Zhenwei Wu, Evan Wegener, Griffin Canning, Abhaya K. Datye, Jeffrey T. Miller

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Natural gas is a source of energy for the United States. The Center for Innovative Strategic Transformation of Alkane Resources (CISTAR) plans to use shale gas extracted from shale rock formations as a bridge fuel to replace coal and oil while the US transitions to renewable energy like solar and wind. After methane, the largest components in shale gas are light alkanes such as ethane and propane. These can be catalytically converted to olefins, which can be further reacted to produce fuels, for example. Olefins from alkanes can be accomplished by dehydrogenation by promoted platinum alloys. This study compares the ...


Computational Catalysis: Creating A User-Friendly Tool For Research And Education, Kevin P. Greenman, Peilin Liao 2018 University of Michigan - Ann Arbor

Computational Catalysis: Creating A User-Friendly Tool For Research And Education, Kevin P. Greenman, Peilin Liao

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Catalysis is used in a significant portion of production processes in the industrialized world, including most processing of chemicals and fuels. This makes maximizing the efficiency of catalysts a high priority. However, the immense number of candidates for new catalysts precludes the possibility of testing all of them by experiments. Density functional theory (DFT) has been widely and successfully used to calculate material properties relevant to catalysis and to screen promising candidates for experimental testing, but there currently exists no publicly- available, user-friendly tool for performing these DFT calculations. This work details the development of such a tool for nanoHUB ...


Identification Of Proximal And Isolated Aluminum Heteroatoms In Zeolites By Infrared Spectroscopy, Melanie A. Brunet Torres, Philip Kester, Rajamani Gounder 2018 University of Puerto Rico - Mayagüez

Identification Of Proximal And Isolated Aluminum Heteroatoms In Zeolites By Infrared Spectroscopy, Melanie A. Brunet Torres, Philip Kester, Rajamani Gounder

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

High demand for energy production and limited fossil fuel reserves are two factors that motivate intense research for new alternative energy resources. While we are still far from completely moving to renewable energy solutions, a new solution that replaces crude oil and coal with shale gas is currently under investigation. For this modern technology, new zeolite catalysts need to be developed for the conversion of light hydrocarbons gases to liquid transportation fuels. These catalysts are of special interest in the production of liquid fuels since they exhibit high reaction rates, molecular sieving properties and selectivity behavior. In this work, the ...


Investigation Of The Effects Of Solid-State Treatments On The Structure And Mobility Of Copper In Zeolites, Jiayang Wu, Laura Wilcox, Rajamani Gounder 2018 Purdue University

Investigation Of The Effects Of Solid-State Treatments On The Structure And Mobility Of Copper In Zeolites, Jiayang Wu, Laura Wilcox, Rajamani Gounder

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Zeolites are microporous, aluminosilicate catalysts that play an important role in industrial applications as well as studies for the fundamental understanding of catalysts for emerging reactions of interest. The introduction of aluminum into the zeolite lattice introduces a negative charge on the framework that can be balanced with extra-framework cations. The control of the aluminum distribution and the choice of charge balancing cations allows for the ability to tailor the active sites to facilitate a desired reaction. This research focuses on studying copper active sites in zeolites. Copper oxide was used as a copper precursor to introduce copper ions in ...


Scaling Relationships Across Chemically Related Adsorbates For Fast Screening Of Alloy Catalysts For Propane Dehydrogenation, Anne Esther Serban, Ranga Rohit Seemakurthi, Brandon C. Bukowski, Jeffrey Greeley 2018 University of Illinois at Chicago

Scaling Relationships Across Chemically Related Adsorbates For Fast Screening Of Alloy Catalysts For Propane Dehydrogenation, Anne Esther Serban, Ranga Rohit Seemakurthi, Brandon C. Bukowski, Jeffrey Greeley

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

A catalyst is a material which speeds up the rate of a specific reaction. A reaction that is of significant importance to the chemical industry is the selective transformations of light alkanes (ethane, propane), which are largely available in shale gas, to olefins. These olefins can then be converted into higher-value chemicals, materials, and fuels. However, there are several undesired reactions that take place alongside the main dehydrogenation reaction, so a catalyst of high selectivity is desired. Apart from the industrially used PtSn catalyst, work by our experimental collaborators has shown that various other Pt and Pd alloys (In, Zn ...


Increased Energy Yield Through Fast Pyrolysis: Empowering Malawian Villages, Diehl Mutamba 2018 Brigham Young University

Increased Energy Yield Through Fast Pyrolysis: Empowering Malawian Villages, Diehl Mutamba

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Biomass contributes to several renewable energy technologies. This project will explore the use of fast pyrolysis to produce fuels by designing an apparatus for fast pyrolysis. Malawian people harvest firewood from the forests, which is a major contributor to deforestation. Furthermore, they convert some of it to charcoal with about 10-15% efficiency to sell to city dwellers. The project will enable herbaceous fuels to replace wood, increase charcoal yields and create new products. Firewood and charcoal produce smoke and carbon monoxide (CO) that compromises the villagers’ health.

This project will address deforestation problems, improve sustainability, decrease health hazards and improve ...


Production Of Monomeric Aromatics/Phenolics From Hydrolysis Lignin (Hl) By Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis And Hydrothermal Liquefaction, Hooman Paysepar 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Production Of Monomeric Aromatics/Phenolics From Hydrolysis Lignin (Hl) By Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis And Hydrothermal Liquefaction, Hooman Paysepar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Bio-oil, produced from bio-feedstocks by thermochemical conversion technologies (e.g., pyrolysis or direct liquefaction), can be renewable replacement for petroleum for energy and chemical production. However, bio oil has high oxygen content, low stability, and low heating value. Thus, upgrading of bio-oil is necessary to remove the oxygen and make it a suitable substitute for conventional liquid transportation fuels or for value-added bio-based chemicals. Oxygen in a bio-oil can be removed by catalytic cracking or hydro-de-oxygenation to the form of H2O, CO and CO2 in the presence of a catalyst.

The overall objective of this PhD project ...


Hydrogen Generation From Eosin Y-Sensitized Pt/Zno Under Solar Light Irradiation, Tianfang Tian 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Hydrogen Generation From Eosin Y-Sensitized Pt/Zno Under Solar Light Irradiation, Tianfang Tian

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Hydrogen is a promising alternative energy carrier. Generating hydrogen via photocatalysts is clean and energy saving comparing to the current technology for hydrogen generation. ZnO has been proved to have photocatalytic activities for wastewater treatment by multiple studies. However, there are not enough studies to investigate its potential to generate hydrogen as the photocatalyst under light irradiation. Therefore, we will investigate the photocatalytic ability of Pt/ZnO to generate hydrogen. Triethanolamine (TEOA) was used as sacrificial reagent while Eosin Y was used as sensitizer. Pt/ZnO was characterized and tested for its activity for hydrogen generation in different conditions, which ...


Degradation Of Orange G Through Persulfate Activated Nanoscale Zerovalent Iron Composites And Boron-Doped Diamond Electrodes, Suzana Ivandic 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Degradation Of Orange G Through Persulfate Activated Nanoscale Zerovalent Iron Composites And Boron-Doped Diamond Electrodes, Suzana Ivandic

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Properly treated wastewater is necessary for water reuse and to avoid unnecessary impacts on the environment. The poultry industry utilizes large amounts of water for poultry processing. The need for innovative ways to treat organic contaminants in the poultry wastewater industry is especially necessary due to increased poultry consumption. The U.S. Department of Agriculture projected Americans would consume approximately 92 pounds of chicken per person in 2017.1 Dissolved air flotation (DAF) is currently used in poultry wastewater treatment, but DAF does not remove organic contaminants efficiently per effluent standards. Implementation of processes that degrade contaminants directly would benefit ...


Removal Of Carbamazepine From Drinking Water, Paola Marrero-Rivera, Adam Johnson, Jordan Alex Gadberry, Juan Rodriguez, Thomas Krumpolc, Zach Wiese 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Removal Of Carbamazepine From Drinking Water, Paola Marrero-Rivera, Adam Johnson, Jordan Alex Gadberry, Juan Rodriguez, Thomas Krumpolc, Zach Wiese

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Due to the increasing prevalence of prescription medication over the past few decades, pharmaceuticals have accumulated in various water sources. This has become a public health concern because many pharmaceuticals have limited research on the effects of chronic low-level exposure.One pharmaceutical of interest that has been detected in water sources is carbamazepine. Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a common pharmaceutical prescribed for the treatment of seizure disorders, neuropathic pain, and various psychological disorders. It’s mechanism of action is “sodium channel blocking,” which is the impairment of conduction of sodium ions in sodium channels. This, in effect, reduces nervous-system conductivity in ...


A Proposed Process And Economic Analysis For A Manufacturing Facility For Nylon 6,6, Perry Doles 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

A Proposed Process And Economic Analysis For A Manufacturing Facility For Nylon 6,6, Perry Doles

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The global nylon market is a multi-billion-dollar industry that has been thriving in recent years due to advances in the process technology and its flexibility as a material. Nylon 6,6 is a versatile material with uses in many industries because of its ability manipulated into many forms. It is commonly used in applications that require heat resistance, chemical resistance, and high mechanical strength. It is commonly used in luggage, car parts, carpets, and many other plastic products that require the properties that nylon 6,6 exhibits. The versatility and demand for nylon 6,6 make it an attractive process ...


Method Of Increasing Mass Transfer Rate Of Acid Gas Scrubbing Solvents, Cameron Anthony Lippert, Kunlei Liu, Christine Marie Brandewie, Joseph Eugene Remias, Moushumi Sarma 2018 University of Kentucky

Method Of Increasing Mass Transfer Rate Of Acid Gas Scrubbing Solvents, Cameron Anthony Lippert, Kunlei Liu, Christine Marie Brandewie, Joseph Eugene Remias, Moushumi Sarma

Center for Applied Energy Research Faculty Patents

A method and catalysts for increasing the overall mass transfer rate of acid gas scrubbing solids is disclosed. Various catalyst compounds for that purpose are also disclosed.


Addition Of Exothermic Reaction Scale-Up Lab To Unit Operations Curriculum., Lisa A Anderson 2018 University of Louisville

Addition Of Exothermic Reaction Scale-Up Lab To Unit Operations Curriculum., Lisa A Anderson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

According to the Chemical Safety Board’s 2002 report entitled "Improving Reactive Hazard Management,” the CSB identified 167 serious accidents involving uncontrolled chemical reactions in the United States between 1980 and 2001 causing 108 deaths and hundreds of millions of dollars in property damage. Of the 167 accidents, 35% involved runaway reactions. One noteworthy incident from recent history is the fatal explosion that occurred at T2 Laboratories in Jacksonville, FL as a result of improper scale-up and an insufficient cooling design for the system.

One recommendation resulting from the CSB investigation of the incident was that the Accreditation Board for ...


Spectro-Electrochemical Platforms For Dynamic Analyses Of Catalytic Cascade Systems, Nalin I. Andersen 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Spectro-Electrochemical Platforms For Dynamic Analyses Of Catalytic Cascade Systems, Nalin I. Andersen

Nanoscience and Microsystems ETDs

The development of spectro-electrochemical platforms that facilitate the dynamic analyses of complex catalytic cascade systems was explored in this research. These systems facilitated multiple modalities of catalysts and were used as platforms for monitoring catalytic transformations quasi-in situ. The analytical platforms allowed for the characterization of intermediates and products using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). The design and fabrication of these devices proved to be reproducible, made of materials that can be manipulated for multiple applications, and incorporate fluid mechanics, electrochemistry, and multimodal catalysis. Microfluidic technology offers capabilities for understanding catalytic cascade systems by providing precise dynamic control of complex ...


Engineering Of E. Coli Inherent Fatty Acid Biosynthesis Capacity To Increase Octanoic Acid Production, Zaigao Tan, Jong Moon Yoon, Anupam Chowdhury, Kaitlin Burdick, Laura R. Jarboe, Costas D. Maranas, Jacqueline V. Shanks 2018 Iowa State University

Engineering Of E. Coli Inherent Fatty Acid Biosynthesis Capacity To Increase Octanoic Acid Production, Zaigao Tan, Jong Moon Yoon, Anupam Chowdhury, Kaitlin Burdick, Laura R. Jarboe, Costas D. Maranas, Jacqueline V. Shanks

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Background

As a versatile platform chemical, construction of microbial catalysts for free octanoic acid production from biorenewable feedstocks is a promising alternative to existing petroleum-based methods. However, the bio-production strategy has been restricted by the low capacity of E. coli inherent fatty acid biosynthesis. In this study, a combination of integrated computational and experimental approach was performed to manipulate the E. coli existing metabolic network, with the objective of improving bio-octanoic acid production.

Results

First, a customized OptForce methodology was run to predict a set of four genetic interventions required for production of octanoic acid at 90% of the theoretical ...


Co2 Biomass Fluidized Gasification. Thermodynamic And Reactivity Studies., Amanda Kuhn Bastos 2018 The University of Westen Ontario

Co2 Biomass Fluidized Gasification. Thermodynamic And Reactivity Studies., Amanda Kuhn Bastos

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study reports biomass gasification in a CREC Riser Simulator under thermal and catalytic conditions. Steam-CO2 and steam-inert were used as gasifier agents. Biomass feedstocks and a model compound were employed to evaluate gasification performance. It was proven that catalytic steam-CO2 gasification significantly reduces tar formation while improving carbon conversion to syngas.

Experimental results were compared with thermodynamic equilibrium model predictions. This model accounts for biomass composition, bed temperature and gasifying agents. The model predictions are close to experimental results for steam-CO2 gasification, leading to a zero CO2 gain.

2-methoxy-4-methylphenol and 20%Ni-5%CeO2/γ-Al ...


Selective Conversion Of Biomass-Derived Oxygenates Over Bimetallic Catalysts, Steven Zhou, Jason Yang 2018 Selected Works

Selective Conversion Of Biomass-Derived Oxygenates Over Bimetallic Catalysts, Steven Zhou, Jason Yang

Jason Yang

Biomass contains a large variety amounts of oxygenates, which can be converted into bio-fuels and valuable chemicals. Pt-based and Pd-based catalysts show good activity for these reactions. However, these mono-metallic catalysts typically cause issues of either poor selectivity towards target product or low stability (thus deactivation). Bimetallic catalysts could alter selectivity and improve stability, especically for cases when methane is involved for biomass derived oxygenate conversions. The present study proposes a roadmap for using such bimetallic
catalysts for biomass-derived oxygenate conversion.


Laboratory Catalytic Reactors For Testing Heterogeneous Catalysts: A Practical Introduction, Steven Zhou, Jason Yang 2018 Selected Works

Laboratory Catalytic Reactors For Testing Heterogeneous Catalysts: A Practical Introduction, Steven Zhou, Jason Yang

Jason Yang

Laboratory catalytic reactors are commonly used to evaluate performance of heterogeneous catalysts. It is of importance to select appropriate reactors for specific catalytic system before actual experiments are carried out. In the present work, various laboratory catalytic reactors are introduced and summarized for testing heterogeneous catalysts.


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