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Characterization Of Iron Phthalocyanine As The Cathode Active Material For Lithium-Ion Batteries, Sarwan S. Sandhu, Joseph P. Fellner 2017 University of Dayton

Characterization Of Iron Phthalocyanine As The Cathode Active Material For Lithium-Ion Batteries, Sarwan S. Sandhu, Joseph P. Fellner

Sarwan S. Sandhu

The developed thermodynamic functions for the determination of Gibbs free energy, enthalpy, and entropy of formation of solid lithium-iron phthalocyanine (LixFePc) from solid lithium and iron phthalocyanine as a function of x, defined as g-moles of the intercalated lithium per g-mole of iron phthalocyanine, at a fixed set of temperature and pressure conditions are presented. In addition, a proposed expression for the evaluation of lithium diffusion coefficient in solid iron phthalocyanine as a function of both x and temperature, and the experimental results from the ongoing research/development work on the lithium/iron phthalocyanine cells are included.


Tunable Nanocomposite Membranes For Water Remediation And Separations, Sebastián Hernández Sierra 2017 University of Kentucky

Tunable Nanocomposite Membranes For Water Remediation And Separations, Sebastián Hernández Sierra

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

Nano-structured material fabrication using functionalized membranes with polyelectrolytes is a promising research field for water pollution, catalytic and mining applications. These responsive polymers react to external stimuli like temperature, pH, radiation, ionic strength or chemical composition. Such nanomaterials provide novel hybrid properties and can also be self-supported in addition to the membranes.

Polyelectrolytes (as hydrogels) have pH responsiveness. The hydrogel moieties gain or lose protons based on the pH, displaying swelling properties. These responsive materials can be exploited to synthesize metal nanoparticles in situ using their functional groups, or to immobilize other polyelectrolytes and biomolecules. Due to their properties, these ...


Abstract Template Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Abstract Template Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Order Form Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Order Form Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


C.V., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

C.V., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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Characterization Of Molecular Communication Based On Cell Metabolism Through Mutual Information And Flux Balance Analysis, Zahmeeth Sayed Sakkaff 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Characterization Of Molecular Communication Based On Cell Metabolism Through Mutual Information And Flux Balance Analysis, Zahmeeth Sayed Sakkaff

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Synthetic biology is providing novel tools to engineer cells and access the basis of their molecular information processing, including their communication channels based on chemical reactions and molecule exchange. Molecular communication is a discipline in communication engineering that studies these types of communications and ways to exploit them for novel purposes, such as the development of ubiquitous and heterogeneous communication networks to interconnect biological cells with nano and biotechnology-enabled devices, i.e., the Internet of Bio-Nano Things. One major problem in realizing these goals stands in the development of reliable techniques to control the engineered cells and their behavior from ...


Lignin Maximization: Analyzing The Impact Of Different Feedstocks And Feedstock Ratios Using Organosolv Fractionation, Marc Banholzer 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Lignin Maximization: Analyzing The Impact Of Different Feedstocks And Feedstock Ratios Using Organosolv Fractionation, Marc Banholzer

Masters Theses

Over-exploitation of fossil fuels coupled with increasing pressure to reduce carbon emissions are prompting a transition from conventional petrochemical feedstocks to sustainable and renewable sourced carbon. The use of lignocellulosic biomass as a feedstock for integrated biorefining is of current high interest, as separation into its component parts affords process streams of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, each of which can serve as a starting point for the production of biobased chemicals and fuels. Given the large number of potential sources of lignocellulosic feedstocks, the biorefinery will need to adapt to the supplies available over a normal growing season. Of particular ...


Effects Of Ultrasonic Transducers On Heat Transfer In Packed Particle Beds, David Patrick Moseley 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Effects Of Ultrasonic Transducers On Heat Transfer In Packed Particle Beds, David Patrick Moseley

Masters Theses

The objective of this study was to determine the effects of ultrasonic transducers on heat transfer in a packed particle bed heat exchanger. Although substantial research has been devoted to ultrasound, and the associated improvements in heat transfer, data regarding the effects on packed particle beds is non-existent. This is of particular interest given the potential to improve heat transfer in a wide variety of packed particle bed systems. A 42.9% increase in the heat transfer rate was demonstrated as the result of improved fluid convection throughout the packed particle bed. Secondary effects, including acoustic cavitation, acoustic streaming and ...


Sulfur Species Selective Adsorption Using A New Offretite Based Additive, Yira Yorsirys Aponte Torrealba 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Sulfur Species Selective Adsorption Using A New Offretite Based Additive, Yira Yorsirys Aponte Torrealba

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) unit is one of the most important conversion processes used in petroleum refineries. Nowadays, petroleum refineries, and specifically FCC units, have to be improved. New technologies must be developed to increase the refineries revenues as well to comply with environmental regulations. One area of significant concern is the necessary in-situ FCC gasoline sulfur reduction.

In this respect, this PhD dissertation proposes a new Zn-Offretite (Zn-OFF) additive for gasoline sulfur reduction via selective adsorption in FCC units. The PhD research developed covers the preparation of the Zn-OFF zeolites and their physicochemical characterization. This physicochemical characterization ...


Numerical Simulation On The Combustion Characteristic Of Iron Ore Sintering With Flue Gas Recirculation, Gan Wang, Zhi Wen, Guofeng Lou, Ruifeng Dou, Xunliang Liu, Fuyong Su, Sizong Zhang 2016 University of Science and Technology Beijing

Numerical Simulation On The Combustion Characteristic Of Iron Ore Sintering With Flue Gas Recirculation, Gan Wang, Zhi Wen, Guofeng Lou, Ruifeng Dou, Xunliang Liu, Fuyong Su, Sizong Zhang

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Study Of Poisoning Mechanism Of Hg And As On V2o5–Wo3/Tio2 Scr De-Nox Catalysts, Qingcai Liu, Ming Kong, Lu Yao, Shan Ren, Jian Yang 2016 Chongqing University

Study Of Poisoning Mechanism Of Hg And As On V2o5–Wo3/Tio2 Scr De-Nox Catalysts, Qingcai Liu, Ming Kong, Lu Yao, Shan Ren, Jian Yang

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Reactor Performances And Hydrodynamics Of Various Gas-Solids Fluidized Beds, Jiangshan Liu 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Reactor Performances And Hydrodynamics Of Various Gas-Solids Fluidized Beds, Jiangshan Liu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The reactor performances and hydrodynamics were systematically studied in a multifunctional fluidized-bed system which included a bubbling fluidized bed (BFB), a turbulent fluidized bed (TFB) as well as a newly identified circulating turbulent fluidized bed (CTFB) using the same batch of activated FCC particles. Catalytic ozone decomposition was employed as the model reaction to experimentally investigate the reactor performances of BFB, TFB and CTFB. The complete mappings of ozone concentration were obtained in these fluidized beds, showing close relationship with the solids holdup distributions. In the BFBs and TFBs, the study of scale-up effect revealed that the static bed height ...


Evaluation Of Voc Degradation In Photo-Catalytic Air Reactors: Tio2 Immobilization, Energy Efficiency And Kinetic Modeling, Cristina S. Lugo Vega 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Evaluation Of Voc Degradation In Photo-Catalytic Air Reactors: Tio2 Immobilization, Energy Efficiency And Kinetic Modeling, Cristina S. Lugo Vega

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The high VOC emissions from anthropogenic sources are detrimental to both the environment and humans, contributing with ground-level ozone and particle matter formation. Heterogeneous photocatalysis provides significant potential for VOC degradation. However, the approaches to be used for photocatalyst immobilization in scaled and highly efficient photoreactors are still not well established. Furthermore, there is a lack of reported photonic efficiencies and a shortage of required methods to establish these efficiencies.

To address these issues, this PhD Dissertation reports the study of photonic efficiencies, TiO2 immobilization on a stainless steel mesh and kinetic models in a scaled-up Photo-CREC-Air Reactor. Acetone ...


Catalytic Pyrolysis Of Poly Vinyl Chloride As A Viable Way Of Waste Management, Randy Santos, Foster A. Agblevor 2016 Utah State University

Catalytic Pyrolysis Of Poly Vinyl Chloride As A Viable Way Of Waste Management, Randy Santos, Foster A. Agblevor

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

The main purpose of this investigation is to achieve the dechlorination and cracking of PVC producing a low chlorinated oil using a single step process; finding and using a suitable adsorbent that captures the chlorine released in the decomposition of the Poly Vinyl Chloride in the solid phase; then use the adsorbent to enhance red mud chlorine absorption activity. Find an alternative viable use for the waste PVC and red mud that will reduce landfilling. Calcium Hydroxide was selected as the main chlorine adsorbent since it captured 75% chlorine in the solid phase. The calcium hydroxide was mixed with red ...


Microwave And Ultrasound Assisted Zeolitization Of Coal Fly Ash, Syed Salman Raza Bukhari 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Microwave And Ultrasound Assisted Zeolitization Of Coal Fly Ash, Syed Salman Raza Bukhari

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Coal fly ash (CFA) is a major bi-product of coal fired power plants and is a liability for coal power industry. Coal fly ash has been accumulating rapidly around the globe and has been known to be accident prone, resulting in $1.65 billion in clean-up costs and fines. Given the environmental damage CFA is capable of causing, it is a great interest for scientists to recycle this material. Utilization of novel energy such as microwave and ultrasound has been of research interest for the zeolitization of coal fly ash.

This research produced zeolites from CFA utilizing microwave and ultrasound ...


Mechanism Of Ethanol Partial Oxidation Over Titania Supported Vanadia Catalysts: Geometric And Electronic Structure Consequences On Reaction Kinetics, Dongmin Yun 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Mechanism Of Ethanol Partial Oxidation Over Titania Supported Vanadia Catalysts: Geometric And Electronic Structure Consequences On Reaction Kinetics, Dongmin Yun

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Supported vanadium oxide catalysts (VOx) are used for a wide range of industrial processes. A significant amount of research has been carried on this specific system with the aim to identify the critical parameters involved in catalytic activity. The results on this relative large body of research indicate that the catalyst support plays a critical role in determining the catalytic activity of vanadia and the use of titanium dioxide as support renders a catalyst with superior activity. Studies on supported vanadia on titanium oxide (VOx/TiO2) have provided an understanding on support interactions that result in tuning ...


Hydrophobic Zeolites For Applications In Adsorption And Catalysis, Zige Huang, Michael Cordon, Rajamani Gounder 2016 Purdue University

Hydrophobic Zeolites For Applications In Adsorption And Catalysis, Zige Huang, Michael Cordon, Rajamani Gounder

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Lewis acidic zeolites such as Sn-Beta are commonly studied for use as selective catalysts for glucose isomerization to fructose in liquid water. Glucose to fructose isomerization is a critical reaction for lignocellulosic biomass upgrading, which converts abundant and renewable feedstocks into commercially desirable fuels and chemicals.

Industrial applications require catalysts that maintain optimal reactivity over long time scales, yet at typical reaction temperatures, Lewis acidic Beta zeolites are known to deactivate in liquid water through poorly understood mechanisms. Recent work in our group has shown that interactions between water and Sn-Beta zeolites can cause leaching of active Sn sites from ...


Quantification And Characterization Of Aluminum Distributions In Commercial Beta And Mordenite Zeolites By Cobalt Exchange, Rebecca L. Reitzel, Claire T. Nimlos, Rajamani Gounder 2016 Purdue University

Quantification And Characterization Of Aluminum Distributions In Commercial Beta And Mordenite Zeolites By Cobalt Exchange, Rebecca L. Reitzel, Claire T. Nimlos, Rajamani Gounder

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

The aluminum distribution throughout the zeolite framework determines the structural, ion-exchange and catalytic properties of the zeolite. Several methods have been proposed to control the Al distribution, but in order to accurately assess these methods a procedure is needed to quantify Al distribution in various zeolite frameworks. Co2+ ions exchange onto the zeolite framework at Al pairs, and atomic absorbance spectroscopy (AAS) can be used to quantify the number of exchanged Co2+ ions and, in turn, the overall number of Al pairs. Each framework exhibits differences in pore size and channel configuration which affect the equilibrium conditions needed ...


Pt-Cu Catalysts For Catalytic Dehydrogenation Of Alkanes For Energy Production, Zixue Ma, Zhenwei Wu, Jeffrey T. Miller 2016 Purdue University

Pt-Cu Catalysts For Catalytic Dehydrogenation Of Alkanes For Energy Production, Zixue Ma, Zhenwei Wu, Jeffrey T. Miller

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

More active, selective and stable catalysts are in demand to increase the yields of olefins production from light alkane dehydrogenation. Cu was reported to promote Pt catalysts and Pt-Cu catalysts has been shown to achieve increased olefin selectivity and decreased deactivation rate. Pt-Cu catalysts with different Pt:Cu molar ratios may have different crystal structure and performance. This study seeks to understand of the promotion effect of Cu on Pt alkane dehydrogenation catalysts. Four different Pt-Cu catalysts with different atomic ratios were prepared and tested for propane dehydrogenation at 550℃. Synchrotron in situ X-ray diffraction and X-ray absorption spectroscopy are ...


Development Of Highly Active And Stable Compressive Pt Cathode Catalysts For Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells, Taekeun Kim 2016 University of South Carolina

Development Of Highly Active And Stable Compressive Pt Cathode Catalysts For Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells, Taekeun Kim

Theses and Dissertations

With the limited fossil fuel reserve and increased power demand, polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) have been considered to be a promising alternative to the current energy consumption mode due to its high energy conversion, high efficiency, and zero emissions. However, high cost, poor stability, and sluggish kinetic for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) of Pt/C cathode catalysts are obstacles for the commercialization of PEMFC for automotive application. The observed poor stability is attributed to a corrosion of carbon supports due to low pH, high temperature, and high anodic potentials (1.0-1.5 V) at the cathode interface during ...


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