Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

674 Full-Text Articles 711 Authors 139706 Downloads 27 Institutions

All Articles in Catalysis and Reaction Engineering

Faceted Search

674 full-text articles. Page 1 of 22.

Reductive Decomposition Of Calcium Sulfate With Carbon Monoxide: Reaction Mechanism, Jae Seung Oh, Thomas D. Wheelock 2016 Iowa State University

Reductive Decomposition Of Calcium Sulfate With Carbon Monoxide: Reaction Mechanism, Jae Seung Oh, Thomas D. Wheelock

Thomas D. Wheelock

When CaS04 was treated with a mixture of CO, COz, SOz, and Nz at 1150 "C in thermogravimetric analysis equipment, various reaction stages were identified, and the final product distribution was found to depend on the reducing potential (Pco/PcoJ of the gases. At low reducing potentials (_<0.10), the CaS04 was completely converted to CaO. At moderate reducing potentials (Le., 0.20), CaS04 was converted rapidly to CaO, which was then converted more slowly to Cas. The rate-controlling mechanisms seemed to differ markedly for the earlier and final reaction stages.


Role Of Induction Time And Other Properties In The Recovery Of Coal From Aqueous Suspensions By Agglomeration With Heptane, C.W. Fan, Y.C. Hu, R. Markuszewski, Thomas D. Wheelock 2016 Iowa State University

Role Of Induction Time And Other Properties In The Recovery Of Coal From Aqueous Suspensions By Agglomeration With Heptane, C.W. Fan, Y.C. Hu, R. Markuszewski, Thomas D. Wheelock

Thomas D. Wheelock

The percent recovery of fine coal or graphite particles suspended in water by agglomeration with heptane was highly dependent on the measured induction time, i.e., the gas bubble to particle attachment time of the material. The induction time was found to correlate closely with the heat of immersion of the solids in water, another indicator of the hydrophobic/hydrophilic character of the material. For a series of coals and graphite, the agglomeration recovery decreased exponentially with increasing induction time. For the more oleophilic coal or graphite particles, an increase in salt (NaC1) concentration of the suspending medium caused an ...


Metal Assisted Chemical Etching, Inayat Bajwa 2016 Quattrone Nanofabrication Facility

Metal Assisted Chemical Etching, Inayat Bajwa

Protocols and Reports

No abstract provided.


Particle Entrainment Studies From Dry And Wet Bed, Saber Ayatollahi 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Particle Entrainment Studies From Dry And Wet Bed, Saber Ayatollahi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

During the Fluid Coking Process™ bitumen is sprayed into a fluidized bed of hot coke particles. The bitumen undergoes thermal cracking and is converted into gasses, condensable vapors, and solid coke, which deposits on the coke particles. These vapors rise through the vessel and result in entrainment of coke particles. Wet fine coke particles from the freeboard region enter the cyclone and contribute to the fouling of the Coker cyclones which can lead to the premature shut-down of Fluid Cokers.

The primary objective of this research is to determine how bed wetness affects entrainment.

First, a new fluidized bed was ...


Catalytic Co2 Hydrogenation - Literature Review: Technology Development Since 2014, Drayson Bratt 2016 University of Wyoming

Catalytic Co2 Hydrogenation - Literature Review: Technology Development Since 2014, Drayson Bratt

Chemical Engineering Plan B

Global atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration from fossil fuel combustion has generated much concern because of the several environmental issues associated with high levels of atmospheric CO2, a major greenhouse gas. In order to reduce the risks associated with global warming, the increase in atmospheric CO2 concentration must be prevented. CO2 capture and conversion not only mitigates the risks associated with increasing CO2 concentration in the atmosphere, but also addresses the problem of fossil fuel depletion by providing sustainable production of industrial demanded fuels and chemicals.

This literature review analyzes several of the most promising ...


Tandem Laser Ablation Synthesis In Solution-Galvanic Replacement Reaction (Lasis-Grr): A Facile Route For The Synthesis Of Complex Intermetallic Nanomaterials With Engineered Functionalities, Sheng Hu 2016 The University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Tandem Laser Ablation Synthesis In Solution-Galvanic Replacement Reaction (Lasis-Grr): A Facile Route For The Synthesis Of Complex Intermetallic Nanomaterials With Engineered Functionalities, Sheng Hu

Doctoral Dissertations

Tailoring the heteronanostructures of nanoscale materials to tune their structure-property relations for desirable interfacial energetics is imperative for their catalytic, optoelectronic and electrochemical applications. Current PhD thesis develops a facile, yet “green” synthesis route that uses laser ablation synthesis in solution in tandem with galvanic replacement reaction (tandem LASiS-GRR) as a one-pot, one-step technique for manufacturing diverse and complex heteronanostructures of metal oxides, hydroxides, nanocomposites (NCs), and nanoalloys (NAs). The scientific concept here is that the non-equilibrium thermodynamics and kinetics of high-energy LASiS-GRR can be tuned by laser parameters and solvent chemistry to form complex NCs/NAs of tailored sizes ...


Visible Light Driven Photocatalysis For Degradation Of Diclofenac, Noshin Hashim 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Visible Light Driven Photocatalysis For Degradation Of Diclofenac, Noshin Hashim

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Diclofenac (DCF), a widely used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), is a commonly detected substance that readily accumulates in tissues of aquatic fish and poses a threat to wildlife and freshwater quality. Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) have been explored as an alternative method for complete mineralization of DCF as conventional treatment methods are inadequate for treatment of trace contaminants.

This study employs a semi-batch, swirl-flow, monolithic type photocatalytic reactor to determine intrinsic kinetic parameters of DCF mineralization, in an immobilized system under both UV and visible radiation. The goal of this work to determine true kinetics of DCF, after correcting for ...


Synthesis Of Ptcuco Ternary Alloy Using Laser Ablation Synthesis In Solution-Galvanic Replacement Reaction (Lasis-Grr), Kangmin Cheng 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Synthesis Of Ptcuco Ternary Alloy Using Laser Ablation Synthesis In Solution-Galvanic Replacement Reaction (Lasis-Grr), Kangmin Cheng

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Laser ablation synthesis in solution in tandem with galvanic replacement reaction (LASiS-GRR) is a newly-developed, facile and environmental friendly synthesis technique for manufacturing a variety of complex nanostructures including hydroxides, metal/metal oxides nanocomposites (NCs), metal-metal nanoalloys (NAs), core-shell nanostructures, etc. This synthetic technique incorporates both “top-down” pulsed laser ablation synthesis in solution approach (LASiS) and the “bottom-up” chemical reduction method (CRM). The setup houses a Q-switched Nd:YAG pulsed laser (1064 nm) with the laser beam focused at a metal target in liquid medium inside a sealed stainless steel reactor cell. The cell is mounted with a gas inlet ...


Procesy Cieplne I Aparaty (Lab), Wojciech Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Procesy Cieplne I Aparaty (Lab), Wojciech Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

-


Rational Development Of Solid Lewis Acid Catalysts For Biomass Conversion, Chun-Chih Chang 2016 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Rational Development Of Solid Lewis Acid Catalysts For Biomass Conversion, Chun-Chih Chang

Doctoral Dissertations May 2014 - current

The need for sustainable production of everyday materials in addition to declining reserves of petroleum-based feedstocks has motivated research into the production of renewable aromatic chemicals from biomass. We have proposed a multistep pathway to produce renewable p-xylene from lignocellulosic biomass using heterogeneous catalysts. The pathway includes formation of glucose by saccharification of cellulose, isomerization of glucose into fructose, dehydration/hydrogenolysis for production of 2,5-dimethylfuran (DMF), and final step for producing p-xylene from reacting DMF with ethylene.

Lewis acid zeolite catalysts (e.g. Sn-BEA, a tin containing molecular sieve with zeolite BEA structure) exhibited critical roles in ...


Selective, Catalytic Decomposition Of Hydrazine, Benjamin A. Kitson, Shirin N. Oliaee 2016 University of Akron

Selective, Catalytic Decomposition Of Hydrazine, Benjamin A. Kitson, Shirin N. Oliaee

Honors Research Projects

The selective, catalytic decomposition of hydrazine has been investigated using a 1 wt% Pt-Ni(OH)2 catalyst system quantitatively studied by changing the following parameters; reaction solution alkalinity, temperature, hydrazine concentration, catalyst selectivity, catalyst stability, and catalyst durability. Using sodium hydroxide (NaOH), the best alkalinity was found to be 1 M NaOH. The optimal temperature was found to be 50 °C for complete hydrazine conversion. A hydrazine concentration of 0.1 M produced the most effective reaction. The catalyst was found to be completely selective in hydrogen and nitrogen production with no ammonia formation. The catalyst activity decreased by 15 ...


Perspectives For Low-Carbon Electricity Production Until 2030: Lessons Learned From The Comparison Of Local Contexts In Poland And Portugal, Wojciech Budzianowski, Joao Gomes 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

Perspectives For Low-Carbon Electricity Production Until 2030: Lessons Learned From The Comparison Of Local Contexts In Poland And Portugal, Wojciech Budzianowski, Joao Gomes

Wojciech Budzianowski

This paper compares perspectives for low-carbon electricity production in two EU member states - Poland and Portugal until 2030. Electricity production capacities, carbon emissions of electricity production, and production cost of electricity (COE) of Poland and Portugal are analyzed. The dilemmas of investments into low-carbon electricity production technologies relying on: (i) renewable energy sources (RES), (ii) nuclear fuel, and (iii) fossil fuels integrated with carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) are discussed. Roadmap 2050 recommends about 40% decarbonization of electricity generation by 2030 and 100% by 2050. Based on electricity production mix forecast for 2030 carbon emissions of electricity are estimated at ...


Inżynieria Chemiczna Lab., Wojciech Budzianowski 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

Inżynieria Chemiczna Lab., Wojciech Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

-


Order Form Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

Order Form Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Renewable Energy And Sustainable Development (Resd) Group, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

Renewable Energy And Sustainable Development (Resd) Group, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Conference Proceedings, Resrb 2016, June 22-24, 2016, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

Conference Proceedings, Resrb 2016, June 22-24, 2016, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


A1, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

A1, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Abstract Template Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

Abstract Template Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Computational Simulation Of Mass Transport And Energy Transfer In The Microbial Fuel Cell System, Shiqi Ou 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Computational Simulation Of Mass Transport And Energy Transfer In The Microbial Fuel Cell System, Shiqi Ou

Doctoral Dissertations

This doctoral dissertation introduces the research in the computational modeling and simulation for the microbial fuel cell (MFC) system which is a bio-electrochemical system that drives a current by using bacteria and mimicking bacterial interactions found in nature. The numerical methods, research approaches and simulation comparison with the experiments in the microbial fuel cells are described; the analysis and evaluation for the model methods and results that I have achieved are presented in this dissertation.

The development of the renewable energy has been a hot topic, and scientists have been focusing on the microbial fuel cell, which is an environmentally-friendly ...


Synthesis, Characterisation, Electrochemical, And Spectroscopic Studies Of Cobaloximes: Unique Clues Of Cobalt(I) Species In Various Solvents, Michael John Celestine 2015 Old Dominion University

Synthesis, Characterisation, Electrochemical, And Spectroscopic Studies Of Cobaloximes: Unique Clues Of Cobalt(I) Species In Various Solvents, Michael John Celestine

Chemistry & Biochemistry Theses & Dissertations

With the dwindling amount of fossil fuels in the world’s reserve is said to run out in the future. The use of alternative fuels such as hydrogen can be produced from renewable sources. One source is the use of first row transition metal complexes that can harness the power of the sun to reduce protons to hydrogen. In this thesis we investigated a well-known hydrogen evolution catalyst in a quest to understand the behavior of different oxidation states that occur during the catalytic cycle.

In an attempt to synthesize a binuclear ruthenium(II) complex, [{Ru(phen)2}2{µmes ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress