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Sulfur Species Selective Adsorption Using A New Offretite Based Additive, Yira Yorsirys Aponte Torrealba 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Sulfur Species Selective Adsorption Using A New Offretite Based Additive, Yira Yorsirys Aponte Torrealba

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) unit is one of the most important conversion processes used in petroleum refineries. Nowadays, petroleum refineries, and specifically FCC units, have to be improved. New technologies must be developed to increase the refineries revenues as well to comply with environmental regulations. One area of significant concern is the necessary in-situ FCC gasoline sulfur reduction.

In this respect, this PhD dissertation proposes a new Zn-Offretite (Zn-OFF) additive for gasoline sulfur reduction via selective adsorption in FCC units. The PhD research developed covers the preparation of the Zn-OFF zeolites and their physicochemical characterization. This physicochemical characterization ...


Numerical Simulation On The Combustion Characteristic Of Iron Ore Sintering With Flue Gas Recirculation, Gan Wang, Zhi Wen, Guofeng Lou, Ruifeng Dou, Xunliang Liu, Fuyong Su, Sizong Zhang 2016 University of Science and Technology Beijing

Numerical Simulation On The Combustion Characteristic Of Iron Ore Sintering With Flue Gas Recirculation, Gan Wang, Zhi Wen, Guofeng Lou, Ruifeng Dou, Xunliang Liu, Fuyong Su, Sizong Zhang

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Study Of Poisoning Mechanism Of Hg And As On V2o5–Wo3/Tio2 Scr De-Nox Catalysts, Qingcai Liu, Ming Kong, Lu Yao, Shan Ren, Jian Yang 2016 Chongqing University

Study Of Poisoning Mechanism Of Hg And As On V2o5–Wo3/Tio2 Scr De-Nox Catalysts, Qingcai Liu, Ming Kong, Lu Yao, Shan Ren, Jian Yang

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Reactor Performances And Hydrodynamics Of Various Gas-Solids Fluidized Beds, Jiangshan Liu 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Reactor Performances And Hydrodynamics Of Various Gas-Solids Fluidized Beds, Jiangshan Liu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The reactor performances and hydrodynamics were systematically studied in a multifunctional fluidized-bed system which included a bubbling fluidized bed (BFB), a turbulent fluidized bed (TFB) as well as a newly identified circulating turbulent fluidized bed (CTFB) using the same batch of activated FCC particles. Catalytic ozone decomposition was employed as the model reaction to experimentally investigate the reactor performances of BFB, TFB and CTFB. The complete mappings of ozone concentration were obtained in these fluidized beds, showing close relationship with the solids holdup distributions. In the BFBs and TFBs, the study of scale-up effect revealed that the static bed height ...


Evaluation Of Voc Degradation In Photo-Catalytic Air Reactors: Tio2 Immobilization, Energy Efficiency And Kinetic Modeling, Cristina S. Lugo Vega 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Evaluation Of Voc Degradation In Photo-Catalytic Air Reactors: Tio2 Immobilization, Energy Efficiency And Kinetic Modeling, Cristina S. Lugo Vega

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The high VOC emissions from anthropogenic sources are detrimental to both the environment and humans, contributing with ground-level ozone and particle matter formation. Heterogeneous photocatalysis provides significant potential for VOC degradation. However, the approaches to be used for photocatalyst immobilization in scaled and highly efficient photoreactors are still not well established. Furthermore, there is a lack of reported photonic efficiencies and a shortage of required methods to establish these efficiencies.

To address these issues, this PhD Dissertation reports the study of photonic efficiencies, TiO2 immobilization on a stainless steel mesh and kinetic models in a scaled-up Photo-CREC-Air Reactor. Acetone ...


Catalytic Pyrolysis Of Poly Vinyl Chloride As A Viable Way Of Waste Management, Randy Santos, Foster A. Agblevor 2016 Utah State University

Catalytic Pyrolysis Of Poly Vinyl Chloride As A Viable Way Of Waste Management, Randy Santos, Foster A. Agblevor

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

The main purpose of this investigation is to achieve the dechlorination and cracking of PVC producing a low chlorinated oil using a single step process; finding and using a suitable adsorbent that captures the chlorine released in the decomposition of the Poly Vinyl Chloride in the solid phase; then use the adsorbent to enhance red mud chlorine absorption activity. Find an alternative viable use for the waste PVC and red mud that will reduce landfilling. Calcium Hydroxide was selected as the main chlorine adsorbent since it captured 75% chlorine in the solid phase. The calcium hydroxide was mixed with red ...


Microwave And Ultrasound Assisted Zeolitization Of Coal Fly Ash, Syed Salman Raza Bukhari 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Microwave And Ultrasound Assisted Zeolitization Of Coal Fly Ash, Syed Salman Raza Bukhari

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Coal fly ash (CFA) is a major bi-product of coal fired power plants and is a liability for coal power industry. Coal fly ash has been accumulating rapidly around the globe and has been known to be accident prone, resulting in $1.65 billion in clean-up costs and fines. Given the environmental damage CFA is capable of causing, it is a great interest for scientists to recycle this material. Utilization of novel energy such as microwave and ultrasound has been of research interest for the zeolitization of coal fly ash.

This research produced zeolites from CFA utilizing microwave and ultrasound ...


Mechanism Of Ethanol Partial Oxidation Over Titania Supported Vanadia Catalysts: Geometric And Electronic Structure Consequences On Reaction Kinetics, Dongmin Yun 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Mechanism Of Ethanol Partial Oxidation Over Titania Supported Vanadia Catalysts: Geometric And Electronic Structure Consequences On Reaction Kinetics, Dongmin Yun

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Supported vanadium oxide catalysts (VOx) are used for a wide range of industrial processes. A significant amount of research has been carried on this specific system with the aim to identify the critical parameters involved in catalytic activity. The results on this relative large body of research indicate that the catalyst support plays a critical role in determining the catalytic activity of vanadia and the use of titanium dioxide as support renders a catalyst with superior activity. Studies on supported vanadia on titanium oxide (VOx/TiO2) have provided an understanding on support interactions that result in tuning ...


Quantification And Characterization Of Aluminum Distributions In Commercial Beta And Mordenite Zeolites By Cobalt Exchange, Rebecca L. Reitzel, Claire T. Nimlos, Rajamani Gounder 2016 Purdue University

Quantification And Characterization Of Aluminum Distributions In Commercial Beta And Mordenite Zeolites By Cobalt Exchange, Rebecca L. Reitzel, Claire T. Nimlos, Rajamani Gounder

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

The aluminum distribution throughout the zeolite framework determines the structural, ion-exchange and catalytic properties of the zeolite. Several methods have been proposed to control the Al distribution, but in order to accurately assess these methods a procedure is needed to quantify Al distribution in various zeolite frameworks. Co2+ ions exchange onto the zeolite framework at Al pairs, and atomic absorbance spectroscopy (AAS) can be used to quantify the number of exchanged Co2+ ions and, in turn, the overall number of Al pairs. Each framework exhibits differences in pore size and channel configuration which affect the equilibrium conditions needed ...


Pt-Cu Catalysts For Catalytic Dehydrogenation Of Alkanes For Energy Production, Zixue Ma, Zhenwei Wu, Jeffrey T. Miller 2016 Purdue University

Pt-Cu Catalysts For Catalytic Dehydrogenation Of Alkanes For Energy Production, Zixue Ma, Zhenwei Wu, Jeffrey T. Miller

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

More active, selective and stable catalysts are in demand to increase the yields of olefins production from light alkane dehydrogenation. Cu was reported to promote Pt catalysts and Pt-Cu catalysts has been shown to achieve increased olefin selectivity and decreased deactivation rate. Pt-Cu catalysts with different Pt:Cu molar ratios may have different crystal structure and performance. This study seeks to understand of the promotion effect of Cu on Pt alkane dehydrogenation catalysts. Four different Pt-Cu catalysts with different atomic ratios were prepared and tested for propane dehydrogenation at 550℃. Synchrotron in situ X-ray diffraction and X-ray absorption spectroscopy are ...


Hydrophobic Zeolites For Applications In Adsorption And Catalysis, Zige Huang, Michael Cordon, Rajamani Gounder 2016 Purdue University

Hydrophobic Zeolites For Applications In Adsorption And Catalysis, Zige Huang, Michael Cordon, Rajamani Gounder

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Lewis acidic zeolites such as Sn-Beta are commonly studied for use as selective catalysts for glucose isomerization to fructose in liquid water. Glucose to fructose isomerization is a critical reaction for lignocellulosic biomass upgrading, which converts abundant and renewable feedstocks into commercially desirable fuels and chemicals.

Industrial applications require catalysts that maintain optimal reactivity over long time scales, yet at typical reaction temperatures, Lewis acidic Beta zeolites are known to deactivate in liquid water through poorly understood mechanisms. Recent work in our group has shown that interactions between water and Sn-Beta zeolites can cause leaching of active Sn sites from ...


Metal Assisted Chemical Etching, Inayat Bajwa 2016 Quattrone Nanofabrication Facility

Metal Assisted Chemical Etching, Inayat Bajwa

Protocols and Reports

No abstract provided.


Particle Entrainment Studies From Dry And Wet Bed, Saber Ayatollahi 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Particle Entrainment Studies From Dry And Wet Bed, Saber Ayatollahi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

During the Fluid Coking Process™ bitumen is sprayed into a fluidized bed of hot coke particles. The bitumen undergoes thermal cracking and is converted into gasses, condensable vapors, and solid coke, which deposits on the coke particles. These vapors rise through the vessel and result in entrainment of coke particles. Wet fine coke particles from the freeboard region enter the cyclone and contribute to the fouling of the Coker cyclones which can lead to the premature shut-down of Fluid Cokers.

The primary objective of this research is to determine how bed wetness affects entrainment.

First, a new fluidized bed was ...


Catalytic Co2 Hydrogenation - Literature Review: Technology Development Since 2014, Drayson Bratt 2016 University of Wyoming

Catalytic Co2 Hydrogenation - Literature Review: Technology Development Since 2014, Drayson Bratt

Chemical Engineering Plan B

Global atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration from fossil fuel combustion has generated much concern because of the several environmental issues associated with high levels of atmospheric CO2, a major greenhouse gas. In order to reduce the risks associated with global warming, the increase in atmospheric CO2 concentration must be prevented. CO2 capture and conversion not only mitigates the risks associated with increasing CO2 concentration in the atmosphere, but also addresses the problem of fossil fuel depletion by providing sustainable production of industrial demanded fuels and chemicals.

This literature review analyzes several of the most promising ...


Tandem Laser Ablation Synthesis In Solution-Galvanic Replacement Reaction (Lasis-Grr): A Facile Route For The Synthesis Of Complex Intermetallic Nanomaterials With Engineered Functionalities, Sheng Hu 2016 The University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Tandem Laser Ablation Synthesis In Solution-Galvanic Replacement Reaction (Lasis-Grr): A Facile Route For The Synthesis Of Complex Intermetallic Nanomaterials With Engineered Functionalities, Sheng Hu

Doctoral Dissertations

Tailoring the heteronanostructures of nanoscale materials to tune their structure-property relations for desirable interfacial energetics is imperative for their catalytic, optoelectronic and electrochemical applications. Current PhD thesis develops a facile, yet “green” synthesis route that uses laser ablation synthesis in solution in tandem with galvanic replacement reaction (tandem LASiS-GRR) as a one-pot, one-step technique for manufacturing diverse and complex heteronanostructures of metal oxides, hydroxides, nanocomposites (NCs), and nanoalloys (NAs). The scientific concept here is that the non-equilibrium thermodynamics and kinetics of high-energy LASiS-GRR can be tuned by laser parameters and solvent chemistry to form complex NCs/NAs of tailored sizes ...


Visible Light Driven Photocatalysis For Degradation Of Diclofenac, Noshin Hashim 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Visible Light Driven Photocatalysis For Degradation Of Diclofenac, Noshin Hashim

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Diclofenac (DCF), a widely used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), is a commonly detected substance that readily accumulates in tissues of aquatic fish and poses a threat to wildlife and freshwater quality. Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) have been explored as an alternative method for complete mineralization of DCF as conventional treatment methods are inadequate for treatment of trace contaminants.

This study employs a semi-batch, swirl-flow, monolithic type photocatalytic reactor to determine intrinsic kinetic parameters of DCF mineralization, in an immobilized system under both UV and visible radiation. The goal of this work to determine true kinetics of DCF, after correcting for ...


Synthesis Of Ptcuco Ternary Alloy Using Laser Ablation Synthesis In Solution-Galvanic Replacement Reaction (Lasis-Grr), Kangmin Cheng 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Synthesis Of Ptcuco Ternary Alloy Using Laser Ablation Synthesis In Solution-Galvanic Replacement Reaction (Lasis-Grr), Kangmin Cheng

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Laser ablation synthesis in solution in tandem with galvanic replacement reaction (LASiS-GRR) is a newly-developed, facile and environmental friendly synthesis technique for manufacturing a variety of complex nanostructures including hydroxides, metal/metal oxides nanocomposites (NCs), metal-metal nanoalloys (NAs), core-shell nanostructures, etc. This synthetic technique incorporates both “top-down” pulsed laser ablation synthesis in solution approach (LASiS) and the “bottom-up” chemical reduction method (CRM). The setup houses a Q-switched Nd:YAG pulsed laser (1064 nm) with the laser beam focused at a metal target in liquid medium inside a sealed stainless steel reactor cell. The cell is mounted with a gas inlet ...


Enhanced Solar Photocatalytic Hydrogen Generation And Water Treatment Using Hetero-Structure Photocatalysts, Ghodsieh Malekshoar 2016 The University of western ontario

Enhanced Solar Photocatalytic Hydrogen Generation And Water Treatment Using Hetero-Structure Photocatalysts, Ghodsieh Malekshoar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Among different approaches to overcome current environmental concerns, heterogeneous photocatalysis is recognized as a promising one. While there are various applications of photocatalysis including water splitting and water treatment, the overall efficiency of this process is still fairly low due to the two dominant drawbacks of current semiconductors, namely wide band gap and fast recombination of photo-generated charges, which restrict the photocatalytic reactions. Designing a hybrid photocatalyst composed of semiconductor hetero-junctions is a viable approach to address these challenges.

The objective of this research project is developing efficient photocatalysts via simple and practical synthesis methods in order to enhance the ...


Procesy Cieplne I Aparaty (Lab), Wojciech Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Procesy Cieplne I Aparaty (Lab), Wojciech Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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Development Of Non-Destructive Methods For Detection Of Alkali Silica Reaction In Concrete Structures, Alexander Heifetz, Sasan Bakhtiari, Igor Aronson, Valerii Vinokour, Juan Lu, Anthony Bentivegna 2016 Argonne, National Laboratory

Development Of Non-Destructive Methods For Detection Of Alkali Silica Reaction In Concrete Structures, Alexander Heifetz, Sasan Bakhtiari, Igor Aronson, Valerii Vinokour, Juan Lu, Anthony Bentivegna

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Concrete deterioration due to damage from alkali silica reaction (ASR) is one of the most common causes of concern for aging of thick concrete structures. Damage caused by ASR gel formation and expansion typically takes 25 to 50 years to develop into visible cracks in concrete, which could undermine structural integrity. Non-destructive detection of ASR damage at early stages requires the ability to sense the presence of ASR gel, and possibly small cracks, well inside the thick concrete structure. Currently, there are no standard non-destructive testing methods for in-situ detection and monitoring of ASR. Existing assessments of ASR in concrete ...


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