Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Polymer Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,378 Full-Text Articles 1,673 Authors 149,507 Downloads 57 Institutions

All Articles in Polymer Science

Faceted Search

1,378 full-text articles. Page 1 of 48.

Factors Influencing Cellulosic Sugar Production During Acid-Catalyzed Solvent Liquefaction In 1,4-Dioxane, Arpa Ghosh, Robert C. Brown 2019 Iowa State University

Factors Influencing Cellulosic Sugar Production During Acid-Catalyzed Solvent Liquefaction In 1,4-Dioxane, Arpa Ghosh, Robert C. Brown

Mechanical Engineering Publications

This work explores the use of 1,4-dioxane to depolymerize cellulose into solubilized carbohydrates. This low boiling point solvent offers inexpensive and simple separation compared to higher boiling point solvents such as γ-valerolactone previously considered for acid-catalyzed depolymerization of cellulose. In the present study, several key reaction parameters, including reaction temperature, catalyst concentration, and water content, were studied as major factors influencing sugar production from cellulose. A maximum yield of 51% for levoglucosan, the major product of cellulose depolymerization, was achieved at higher temperature, shorter reaction time and lower acid concentration in the ranges tested for these parameters. Addition of ...


Gelation Suppression In Raft Polymerization, Fang-Yi Lin, Mengguo Yan, Eric W. Cochran 2019 Iowa State University

Gelation Suppression In Raft Polymerization, Fang-Yi Lin, Mengguo Yan, Eric W. Cochran

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

In this article, we extend the understanding of gelation suppression in reversible addition–fragmentation chain-transfer (RAFT) polymerization in systems with long primary chains and high crosslinker content, regimes which have been mostly overlooked to date. Using a model methacrylate system, the gel point, apparent propagation rate constants, and polymer architectures are seen to vary in a systematic fashion. By combining our experimental data with several related studies, we introduce a new phenomenological parameter, the “crosslinking tendency,” that incorporates monomer concentration and excess functionality to universally describe the gelation suppression in both RAFT- and atom-transfer radical polymerization (ATRP)-controlled radical polymerization ...


Evaluation Of Biodegradability Characteristics Of Cellulose-Based Film As Per Is/Iso 14855-1, Narayan C. Saha Dr, Gaurav Madhu Dr, Diksha B. Kadu Ms 2019 Indian Institute of Packaging, Mumbai

Evaluation Of Biodegradability Characteristics Of Cellulose-Based Film As Per Is/Iso 14855-1, Narayan C. Saha Dr, Gaurav Madhu Dr, Diksha B. Kadu Ms

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Biodegradable polymers (especially those derived from plant sources) begin their lifecycle as renewable resources, usually in the form of starch or cellulose. In this paper, the evaluation of biodegradability of cellulose-based polymer film under controlled composting conditions as per the guidelines of IS/ISO 14855 (Part-1) standard has been described. Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) powder was taken as positive-control polymer. The apparatus used to analyse the degree and rate of biodegradation was developed indigenously. The validation of the biodegradability testing apparatus was also performed as per the prescribed test method given in IS/ISO 14855-1.


Fabrication Of High-Resolution Graphene-Based Flexible Electronics Via Polymer Casting, Metin Uz, Kyle Jackson, Maxsam S. Donta, Juhyung Jung, Matthew T. Lentner, John A. Hondred, Jonathan C. Claussen, Surya K. Mallapragada 2019 Iowa State University

Fabrication Of High-Resolution Graphene-Based Flexible Electronics Via Polymer Casting, Metin Uz, Kyle Jackson, Maxsam S. Donta, Juhyung Jung, Matthew T. Lentner, John A. Hondred, Jonathan C. Claussen, Surya K. Mallapragada

Jonathan C. Claussen

In this study, a novel method based on the transfer of graphene patterns from a rigid or flexible substrate onto a polymeric film surface via solvent casting was developed. The method involves the creation of predetermined graphene patterns on the substrate, casting a polymer solution, and directly transferring the graphene patterns from the substrate to the surface of the target polymer film via a peeling-off method. The feature sizes of the graphene patterns on the final film can vary from a few micrometers (as low as 5 µm) to few millimeters range. This process, applied at room temperature, eliminates the ...


Fabrication Of High-Resolution Graphene-Based Flexible Electronics Via Polymer Casting, Metin Uz, Kyle Jackson, Maxsam S. Donta, Juhyung Jung, Matthew T. Lentner, John A. Hondred, Jonathan C. Claussen, Surya K. Mallapragada 2019 Iowa State University

Fabrication Of High-Resolution Graphene-Based Flexible Electronics Via Polymer Casting, Metin Uz, Kyle Jackson, Maxsam S. Donta, Juhyung Jung, Matthew T. Lentner, John A. Hondred, Jonathan C. Claussen, Surya K. Mallapragada

Surya K. Mallapragada

In this study, a novel method based on the transfer of graphene patterns from a rigid or flexible substrate onto a polymeric film surface via solvent casting was developed. The method involves the creation of predetermined graphene patterns on the substrate, casting a polymer solution, and directly transferring the graphene patterns from the substrate to the surface of the target polymer film via a peeling-off method. The feature sizes of the graphene patterns on the final film can vary from a few micrometers (as low as 5 µm) to few millimeters range. This process, applied at room temperature, eliminates the ...


Fabrication Of High-Resolution Graphene-Based Flexible Electronics Via Polymer Casting, Metin Uz, Kyle Jackson, Maxsam S. Donta, Juhyung Jung, Matthew T. Lentner, John A. Hondred, Jonathan C. Claussen, Surya K. Mallapragada 2019 Iowa State University

Fabrication Of High-Resolution Graphene-Based Flexible Electronics Via Polymer Casting, Metin Uz, Kyle Jackson, Maxsam S. Donta, Juhyung Jung, Matthew T. Lentner, John A. Hondred, Jonathan C. Claussen, Surya K. Mallapragada

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

In this study, a novel method based on the transfer of graphene patterns from a rigid or flexible substrate onto a polymeric film surface via solvent casting was developed. The method involves the creation of predetermined graphene patterns on the substrate, casting a polymer solution, and directly transferring the graphene patterns from the substrate to the surface of the target polymer film via a peeling-off method. The feature sizes of the graphene patterns on the final film can vary from a few micrometers (as low as 5 µm) to few millimeters range. This process, applied at room temperature, eliminates the ...


Phosphine Oxide Containing Poly(Pyridinium Salt)S As Fire Retardant Materials, Maksudul M. Alam, Bidyut Biswas, Alexi K. Nedeltchev, Haesook Han, Asanga D. Ranasinghe, Pradip K. Bhowmik, Kisholoy Goswami 2019 InnoSense LLC

Phosphine Oxide Containing Poly(Pyridinium Salt)S As Fire Retardant Materials, Maksudul M. Alam, Bidyut Biswas, Alexi K. Nedeltchev, Haesook Han, Asanga D. Ranasinghe, Pradip K. Bhowmik, Kisholoy Goswami

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Six new rugged, high-temperature tolerant phosphine oxide-containing poly(4,4′-(p-phenylene)-bis(2,6-diphenylpyridinium)) polymers P-1, P-2, P-3, P-4, P-5, and P-6 are synthesized, characterized, and evaluated. Synthesis results in high yield and purity, as confirmed by elemental, proton (1H), and carbon 13 (13C) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra analyses ... See full text for complete abstract.


Thin Biobased Transparent Uv-Blocking Coating Enabled By Nanoparticle Self-Assembly, Emily Olson, Yifan Li, Fang-Yi Lin, Ana Miller, Fei Liu, Ayuna Tsyrenova, Devin Palm, Greg W. Curtzwiler, Keith L. Vorst, Eric W. Cochran, Shan Jiang 2019 Iowa State University

Thin Biobased Transparent Uv-Blocking Coating Enabled By Nanoparticle Self-Assembly, Emily Olson, Yifan Li, Fang-Yi Lin, Ana Miller, Fei Liu, Ayuna Tsyrenova, Devin Palm, Greg W. Curtzwiler, Keith L. Vorst, Eric W. Cochran, Shan Jiang

Eric W. Cochran

A waterborne, UV-blocking, and visually transparent nanocomposite coating was formulated with ZnO nanoparticles and 2-hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC). The coating is highly effective (< 5% UV and ~ 65% visible transmittance) and the film thickness (0.2 – 2.5 μm) is ~100 times thinner than the conventional coatings of similar UV-blocking performance. The superior properties are due to the fractal structures of ZnO nanoparticles assembled within the HEC matrix, revealed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS). Changing the binder to 2-hydroxyethyl starch (HES) diminishes the UV-blocking performance, as ZnO nanoparticles form dense globular aggregates, with an aggregation number measured by SAXS three orders of magnitude larger than the HEC coating. Since HEC and HES share the same same chemical compositionrepeating glucose unit in the polymer backbone, it suggests that the conformational characteristics of the binder polymer have a strong influence on the nanoparticle aggregation, which plays a key role in determining the optical performance. Similar structures were achieved with TiO2 nanoparticles. This study not only offers a cost-effective and readily scalable method to fabricate transparent UV-blocking coating, but also demonstrates that the unique fractal aggregation structures in a nanocomposite material can provide high performance and functionality without fully dispersing the nanoparticles.


Thin Biobased Transparent Uv-Blocking Coating Enabled By Nanoparticle Self-Assembly, Emily Olson, Yifan Li, Fang-Yi Lin, Ana Miller, Fei Liu, Ayuna Tsyrenova, Devin Palm, Greg W. Curtzwiler, Keith L. Vorst, Eric W. Cochran, Shan Jiang 2019 Iowa State University

Thin Biobased Transparent Uv-Blocking Coating Enabled By Nanoparticle Self-Assembly, Emily Olson, Yifan Li, Fang-Yi Lin, Ana Miller, Fei Liu, Ayuna Tsyrenova, Devin Palm, Greg W. Curtzwiler, Keith L. Vorst, Eric W. Cochran, Shan Jiang

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

A waterborne, UV-blocking, and visually transparent nanocomposite coating was formulated with ZnO nanoparticles and 2-hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC). The coating is highly effective (< 5% UV and ~ 65% visible transmittance) and the film thickness (0.2 – 2.5 μm) is ~100 times thinner than the conventional coatings of similar UV-blocking performance. The superior properties are due to the fractal structures of ZnO nanoparticles assembled within the HEC matrix, revealed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS). Changing the binder to 2-hydroxyethyl starch (HES) diminishes the UV-blocking performance, as ZnO nanoparticles form dense globular aggregates, with an aggregation number measured by SAXS three orders of magnitude larger than the HEC coating. Since HEC and HES share the same same chemical compositionrepeating glucose unit in the polymer backbone, it suggests that the conformational characteristics of the binder polymer have a strong influence on the nanoparticle aggregation, which plays a key role in determining the optical performance. Similar structures were achieved with TiO2 nanoparticles. This study not only offers a cost-effective and readily scalable method to fabricate transparent UV-blocking coating, but also demonstrates that the unique fractal aggregation structures in a nanocomposite material can provide high performance and functionality without fully dispersing the nanoparticles.


Non-Einstein Viscosity Phenomenon Of Acrylonitrile–Butadiene–Styrene Composites Containing Lignin–Polycaprolactone Particulates Highly Dispersed By High-Shear Stress, Sing-Hoon Kim, Kisuk Choi, Kyouk Ryeol Choi, Taesung Kim, Jonghwan Suhr, Kwang Jin Kim, Hyoung Jin Choi, Jae-Do Nam 2019 Sungkyunkwan University

Non-Einstein Viscosity Phenomenon Of Acrylonitrile–Butadiene–Styrene Composites Containing Lignin–Polycaprolactone Particulates Highly Dispersed By High-Shear Stress, Sing-Hoon Kim, Kisuk Choi, Kyouk Ryeol Choi, Taesung Kim, Jonghwan Suhr, Kwang Jin Kim, Hyoung Jin Choi, Jae-Do Nam

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

Lignin powder was modified via ring-opening polymerization of caprolactone to form a lignin–polycaprolactone (LPCL) particulate. The LPCL particulates were mixed with an acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene (ABS) matrix at an extremely high rotational speed of up to 3000 rpm, which was achieved by a closed-loop screw mixer and in-line melt extruder. Using this high-shear extruding mixer, the LPCL particulate size was controlled in the range of 3395 nm (conventional twin-screw extrusion) down to 638 nm (high-shear mixer of 3000 rpm) by altering the mixing speed and time. The resulting LPCL/ABS composites clearly showed non-Einstein viscosity phenomena, exhibiting reduced viscosity ...


Nano-Enhanced Composite Membranes For Water Desalination, Benjamin Fredrik Victor Sundling von Fürstenrecht 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Nano-Enhanced Composite Membranes For Water Desalination, Benjamin Fredrik Victor Sundling Von Fürstenrecht

Materials Engineering

In theory single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) will aid in ion rejection due hydrophobicity and smoothness of the SWCNT. An efficient means of water desalination utilizing SWCNT in a membrane seems plausible. A lyotropic liquid crystal (LLC) solution was made with a synthesized polymerizable surfactant methacryloxy ethyl hexadecyl dimethyl ammonium bromide (C16MA) to help with vertical alignment of SWCNT. Due to SWCNT lack of solubility and tendency to agglomerate in water, a dispersion performed using an inert surfactant centrimonium bromide (CTAB) to make sure that the SWCNT were homogeneously dispersed in the solution without altering the hexagonal packing factor of ...


Production Optimization Of Ring-Banded Spherulitic Crystals Of Poly (3-Butylthiophene-2,5-Diyl) Using Controlled Solution Evaporation, Frederick Paul Henderson III 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Production Optimization Of Ring-Banded Spherulitic Crystals Of Poly (3-Butylthiophene-2,5-Diyl) Using Controlled Solution Evaporation, Frederick Paul Henderson Iii

Materials Engineering

Conductive polymers can carry a charge due to the presence of excess electrons along the carbon backbone. By growing these polymers into crystals, the usual insulative isotropic matrix that polymers form will be replaced with anisotropic regions where conduction is possible parallel to the crystal lattice growth direction. In previous research, while growing sphere shaped crystals it was observed that a few would exhibit rings that formed parallel to the circumference of the sphere. In this project, the conditions to produce this ring structure were examined by looking at two polymer solutions (with carbon disulfide or dichlorobenzene as solvent) and ...


Designing A Simulator For An Electrically-Pumped Organic Laser Diode, Robert Hulbert 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Designing A Simulator For An Electrically-Pumped Organic Laser Diode, Robert Hulbert

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Organic semiconductors provide an alternative set of basis materials to fabricate electronic devices like PN Junctions, LEDs, and FETs. These materials have several benefits over traditional inorganic semiconductors including their mechanical flexibility, reliance on renewable resources, and inexpensive large-scale manufacturability. Despite the contemporary device implementations with organic semiconductors, a solid-state electrically-pumped organic laser diode does not exist. However, organically-based lasers do exist by utilizing the organic material strictly for optical gain. The challenge occurs when charge carriers appear in the organic material. The charge carriers must reach a concentration such that population inversion occurs producing optical gain. However, between the ...


Glass Transition Temperature Of Particles For Drug Delivery, Yiqing Yang 2019 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Glass Transition Temperature Of Particles For Drug Delivery, Yiqing Yang

Theses

Drug delivery plays an important role in targeted therapies and nanoparticles which can be used as drug carriers and it’s a frequently researched topic. Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), a highly biocompatible polymer, has been used as a drug delivery vehicle in many studies. One of the challenges facing drug delivery particles is the problem of burst release which is when a large amount of the drug is suddenly released from the particle once it is placed in the body. This is generally undesirable as usually a slow and controlled release is preferred. The glass transition temperature has an effect ...


A Model-Based Framework For The Smart Manufacturing Of Polymers, Santiago D. Salas Ortiz 2019 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

A Model-Based Framework For The Smart Manufacturing Of Polymers, Santiago D. Salas Ortiz

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

It is hard to point a daily activity in which polymeric materials or plastics are not involved. The synthesis of polymers occurs by reacting small molecules together to form, under certain conditions, long molecules. In polymer synthesis, it is mandatory to assure uniformity between batches, high-quality of end-products, efficiency, minimum environmental impact, and safety. It remains as a major challenge the establishment of operational conditions capable of achieving all objectives together. In this dissertation, different model-centric strategies are combined, assessed, and tested for two polymerization systems.

The first system is the synthesis of polyacrylamide in aqueous solution using potassium persulfate ...


Parameters That Influence The Performance Of Dispersion Barrier Coatings, Randy Raditya 2019 University of Maine

Parameters That Influence The Performance Of Dispersion Barrier Coatings, Randy Raditya

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Barrier coating layers are important in many paper grades used in food packaging and have the potential to help reduce our use of plastics in some situations. Barrier layers to produce water proof packaging such as milk or juice cartons or coffee cups are common. Water based dispersion barrier coatings have the potential to be a low-cost alternative to extrusion coated layers. Water borne coatings are reported to be easy to recycle and break down in the environment. However, barrier properties are often less than what is desired and expected for these water borne coatings. The reason for this poor ...


Nanogels And Microgels: From Model Colloids To Applications, Recent Developments, And Future Trends, Mattias Karg, Andrij Pich, Thomas Hellweg, Todd Hoare, L. Andrew Lyon, J. J. Crassous, Daisuke Suzuki, Rustam A. Gumerov, Stefanie Schneider, Igor I. Potemkin, Walter Richtering 2019 Heinrich-Heine-University

Nanogels And Microgels: From Model Colloids To Applications, Recent Developments, And Future Trends, Mattias Karg, Andrij Pich, Thomas Hellweg, Todd Hoare, L. Andrew Lyon, J. J. Crassous, Daisuke Suzuki, Rustam A. Gumerov, Stefanie Schneider, Igor I. Potemkin, Walter Richtering

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

Nanogels and microgels are soft, deformable, and penetrable objects with an internal gel-like structure that is swollen by the dispersing solvent. Their softness and the potential to respond to external stimuli like temperature, pressure, pH, ionic strength, and different analytes make them interesting as soft model systems in fundamental research as well as for a broad range of applications, in particular in the field of biological applications. Recent tremendous developments in their synthesis open access to systems with complex architectures and compositions allowing for tailoring microgels with specific properties. At the same time state-of-the-art theoretical and simulation approaches offer deeper ...


Biodegradable Polymeric Film For Food Packaging, Neelam yadav, Raminder Kaur 2019 Delhi Technological University

Biodegradable Polymeric Film For Food Packaging, Neelam Yadav, Raminder Kaur

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Food packaging films that show post-consumer biodegradability are rarely explored by researchers. The present study was carried out to investigate the physicomechanical characteristics of ethyl cellulose (EC) based films to be used in food packaging. Ethyl cellulose was plasticized with different percentage of polyethylene glycol (PEG). The samples of standard dimensions were subjected to different testing such as soluble matter content, moisture content, oil permeability, surface morphology, mechanical testing etc. The data obtained was analysed to decide the moderate percentage of plasticizer that can be used to provide a rational explanation of a perfect quality specimen. It has been revealed ...


Chemical And Physical Modification Of Thiol-Ene And Epoxy-Amine Networks For Advanced Control Of Gas Transport And Flame Retardant Behavior, Vivek Vasagar 2019 University of Southern Mississippi

Chemical And Physical Modification Of Thiol-Ene And Epoxy-Amine Networks For Advanced Control Of Gas Transport And Flame Retardant Behavior, Vivek Vasagar

Dissertations

Crosslinked polymers are widely used due to its several advantages not limited to high mechanical strength combined with the easy processability. Despite of its popular usage, the fundamental understanding of polymer structure affecting the desired properties is still lacking. This PhD thesis is in two parts, the first part is devoted to the design and developing a basic understanding of structure and chemical composition dependencies of gas transport, whereas in the second part a fundamental relationship between structure to the fire-retardant properties is established.

Membrane based gas separation technique has attracted interest of selective removal of carbon dioxide gas from ...


Synthesis, Functionalization, And Application Of Nanofiltration And Composite Membranes For Selective Separations, Andrew Steven Colburn 2019 University of Kentucky

Synthesis, Functionalization, And Application Of Nanofiltration And Composite Membranes For Selective Separations, Andrew Steven Colburn

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

Future nanofiltration (NF) membranes used for selective separations of ions and small organic molecules must maintain performance in environments where high concentrations of total dissolved solvents or foulants are present. These challenges can be addressed through the development of composite membranes, as well as the engineering of enhanced surface properties and operating conditions for existing commercial membranes.

In this work, ion transport through commercial thin film composite (TFC) polyamide NF membranes were studied in both lab-prepared salt solutions and industrial wastewater. The dependence of several variables on ion rejection was investigated, including ion radius, ion charge, ionic strength, and temperature ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress