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The Rise Of Political Factions In The United States: 1789–1795, William Wehrs 2018 Ursinus College

The Rise Of Political Factions In The United States: 1789–1795, William Wehrs

History Summer Fellows

Organized factions were something that did not arise with the creation of the United States. Rather, they slowly emerged during George Washington’s presidency. Initially, the Founding Fathers were highly resistant to the idea. There was resistance to political parties partly because of their association with the perceived dysfunctionality of England, and also because major influential thinkers like John Trenchard or David Hume were strongly against them. Soon, however, conflicts began to emerge. These stemmed from the conflicting views the Founding Fathers had on human nature. While Hamilton and Adams were both highly dubious about the trustworthiness of the common ...


Iverson’S Assault: A Cautionary Tale, Abigail Cocco 2018 Gettysburg College

Iverson’S Assault: A Cautionary Tale, Abigail Cocco

The Gettysburg Compiler: On the Front Lines of History

In the fall, I had the incredible opportunity to work on developing a wayside for the 20th Maine at Little Round Top. Working on that wayside was really meaningful to me because it was an opportunity to tell the kind of story that has the potential to inspire in visitors a sense of national pride and appreciation for our past. Though my colleague and I tried to make clear that the fighting at Little Round Top was a bloody and savage fight, the story remains a heroic tale of brave men, exceptional leadership, and sacrifice for a higher purpose. This ...


Moderate Resistance In "A Call For Unity": A Historical Perspective On Martin Luther King Jr.’S Prison Epistle, Noah D. Moore 2018 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Moderate Resistance In "A Call For Unity": A Historical Perspective On Martin Luther King Jr.’S Prison Epistle, Noah D. Moore

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

In April of 1963, the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. wrote a defense of non-violent direct action that students across the country read today. His "Letter from a Birmingham Jail" stands as the pinnacle of civil rights literature, but most people do not realize that it was more than a rhetorical device used to support his cause. Dr. King's letter was in fact a response to different letter, published in the Birmingham News by eight prominent, white clergymen on April 13, 1963. Their letter, "A Call for Unity," urged blacks to end the civil rights demonstrations in Birmingham ...


100 Years Ago: The Death Of Quentin Roosevelt, Keith J. Muchowski 2018 CUNY New York City College of Technology

100 Years Ago: The Death Of Quentin Roosevelt, Keith J. Muchowski

Publications and Research

This blog post focuses on the life and military career of Quentin Roosevelt. Lieutenant Roosevelt died in an aviation firefight in France on July 14, 2018, Bastille Day. He left behind his fiancee Flora Payne Whitney, an heir to the Whitney and Vanderbilt fortunes.


Morgan, William Montrose, 1842-1926 (Sc 3231), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2018 Western Kentucky University

Morgan, William Montrose, 1842-1926 (Sc 3231), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3231. Letter, February 2, 1862, of William Montrose Morgan to his parents and sisters, of Wisconsin. From Camp Wood, Kentucky, he writes of the rainy and snowy weather; the number of soldiers sick in company regiments; he describes his regiment and his brigade commander as being the best in the division. He comments about the regiment being on guard duty and held in reserve to protect a bridge and ferry on Green River. The letter describes that there are 20,000 men in his regiment under General Negley; Union materials were being transported ...


Kibbee, Amos Watson, 1828-1915 (Sc 3230), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2018 Western Kentucky University

Kibbee, Amos Watson, 1828-1915 (Sc 3230), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3230. Letter, 26 January 1862, of Amos Watson Kibbee to his cousin, Hattie Tuttle, of Painesville, Ohio. From Camp Barker in Cairo, Illinois, he writes about camp life and rumors of possible cavalry soldiers being discharged and his experiences of late-night scouting duties. He also describes being in an advance guard with other soldiers, taking the town of Blandville, Kentucky, and arresting suspicious civilians. He writes about guarding a prisoner of war, and his change of religious views. Includes an Illinois Union envelope.


Ratliff, Charles, 1854-1940 (Sc 3236), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2018 Western Kentucky University

Ratliff, Charles, 1854-1940 (Sc 3236), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3236. Letter, 30 July 1889, of Charles Ratliff, Princeton, Kentucky, on his letterhead as a dealer in building material, hardware, saddlery, roofing, etc., advising of the sale of his quarry property and assuring the recipient that the new owners will promptly supply stone.


Bridges, Robert Alton, 1911-1997 (Sc 3238), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2018 Western Kentucky University

Bridges, Robert Alton, 1911-1997 (Sc 3238), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3238. Letter, June 1952, of Robert Alton Bridges to his young son while the boy is away from home. He supplies family news, urges his son to keep a diary of his travel, and hopes that he will learn to swim.


Myers, Lloyd (Sc 3237), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2018 Western Kentucky University

Myers, Lloyd (Sc 3237), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3237. Letter, 16 January 1889, of Lloyd Myers, clerk of the Duncan Hotel, Henderson, Kentucky, on hotel letterhead. He asks for a quote on materials to construct columns, an ornamented pediment, and window hardware for a two-story building and includes a rough design sketch of a storefront.


A Mutual Charge: The Shared Mission Of Herbert Hoover And Harry S. Truman To Alleviate Global Hunger In A Postwar World, Brian Douglas Reese 2018 Portland State University

A Mutual Charge: The Shared Mission Of Herbert Hoover And Harry S. Truman To Alleviate Global Hunger In A Postwar World, Brian Douglas Reese

Dissertations and Theses

Famine and destitution stemming from the Second World War had spread across the European continent and parts of Asia by mid-1945. Recognizing the need for recovery and survival in those regions, President Harry S. Truman at the recommendation of several Cabinet members, summoned ex-President Herbert Hoover for advice on how the United States should proceed in offering aid beyond the earlier efforts of the United Nations Rehabilitation and Relief Administration and other relief sources. After an absence from the White House and official government participation for many years, Hoover readily provided crucial advice on addressing famine relief in Europe and ...


A Select List Of Books In Mexican-American History (2018 Update), John R. Chavez 2018 Southern Methodist University

A Select List Of Books In Mexican-American History (2018 Update), John R. Chavez

History Faculty Publications

This list of secondary sources includes surveys and monographs, but few collections or biographies; while some works may overlap disciplines, their content is historical on the whole and focused significantly on ethnic Mexicans in the United States.


Witherspoon, Alexander Maclaren, 1894-1964 (Sc 3235), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2018 Western Kentucky University

Witherspoon, Alexander Maclaren, 1894-1964 (Sc 3235), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3235. Letter, 14 August 1931, written by Alex Witherspoon to Carl D. Herdman, Bowling Green, Kentucky, regarding Witherspoon’s gift to Herdman of The Martyrdom of Man by Winwood Reade, found in an Edinburgh, Scotland bookshop, and recommendations for other reading. Includes photocopies of the book’s title page, Witherspoon’s inscription, and comments pasted into the book, presumably by Herdman. Also includes data about Witherspoon, a graduate of Bowling Green’s Ogden College and Yale University.


100 Years: The Death Of John Purroy Mitchel – New York City’S Boy Mayor, Keith J. Muchowski 2018 CUNY New York City College of Technology

100 Years: The Death Of John Purroy Mitchel – New York City’S Boy Mayor, Keith J. Muchowski

Publications and Research

The blog post focuses on the life and times of John Purroy Mitchel, the mayor of New York City during the First World War. Mitchel was active in the Preparedness Movement and eventually killed in a military training exercise in July 1918, six months after leaving office.


Yates, Otis Webster, 1888-1981 (Sc 3234), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2018 Western Kentucky University

Yates, Otis Webster, 1888-1981 (Sc 3234), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3234. Letter, 30 November 1922, to “Levy” from O. W. Yates, Dean of Bethel College, Russellville, Kentucky. He describes his work teaching the Bible and Greek to ministerial students, his pastorship, and his house and family, and asks about seeing Levy when he visits North Carolina at Christmas.


Mcleod, Ann Sara (Prosser), 1910-2003 (Mss 642), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2018 Western Kentucky University

Mcleod, Ann Sara (Prosser), 1910-2003 (Mss 642), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Collection 642. Two diaries and a chronology kept by Ann Sara (Prosser) McLeod, of Jackson, Mississippi. McLeod discusses daily happening, social events, club news, and comments about emotional and physical health issues. Occasionally she mentions things happening at a national level, such as the Cuban Missile Crisis and the funeral of John F. Kennedy.


Interview Of Michael J. Mcginniss, F.S.C, Ph.D., Michael J. McGinniss F.S.C, Ryan F. Campbell 2018 La Salle University

Interview Of Michael J. Mcginniss, F.S.C, Ph.D., Michael J. Mcginniss F.S.C, Ryan F. Campbell

All Oral Histories

Michael McGinniss was born on November 11, 1947. His parents were Dr. Thomas McGinniss and Helen Catherine McGinniss. He attended St. Helena’s Church Parish School and La Salle High School. Brother Mike joined the De La Salle Christian Brothers in 1965. In 1970 he graduated from then La Salle College with a Bachelor’s Degree in English. Brother Mike taught at South Hills Catholic High School located in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania from 1970 to 1974. He completed his graduate work at Notre Dame during the years of 1974 – 1979, where he was student and an adjunct professor. He then taught ...


Maurice Halperin: From Sooner Subversive To Soviet Spy, Landry Brewer 2018 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

Maurice Halperin: From Sooner Subversive To Soviet Spy, Landry Brewer

Faculty Articles & Research

Maurice Halperin was a University of Oklahoma (OU) professor in the late 1930s and early 1940s when the state’s governor and legislature began actively pursuing Communists in higher education. After Halperin fell under suspicion, he left the university for a job with the federal government’s wartime intelligence agency. Still under a cloud of suspicion, Halperin eventually fled the country, never to return. Shortly after the Cold War ended, evidence emerged verifying the allegations made by his accusers that, during the 1930s, Maurice Halperin was a covert Oklahoma Communist who later betrayed his country by committing espionage for the ...


Re-Mapping Tacoma's Pre-War Japantown: Living On The Tideflats, Lisa Hoffman, Mary Hanneman, Sarah Pyle 2018 University of Washington Tacoma

Re-Mapping Tacoma's Pre-War Japantown: Living On The Tideflats, Lisa Hoffman, Mary Hanneman, Sarah Pyle

Conflux

This article, drawing on oral histories with Nisei, addresses the dearth of publications about pre-WWII Japanese life in the urban U.S. and provides evidence of Japanese immigrants’ active presence in the lumber industry and on Tacoma’s tideflats. This is important not only for Tacoma’s history and a fuller accounting of the major industries that shaped the south Puget Sound region, but also because Japanese contributions to early industrial development are often overlooked. The oral history narratives also stretch the boundaries of what has been depicted as a densely-connected and lively Japanese community in the downtown core. Also ...


Albion Native Illustrated Snow White And The Seven Dwarfs, Matthew R. Ballard 2018 Orleans County Department of History

Albion Native Illustrated Snow White And The Seven Dwarfs, Matthew R. Ballard

Pioneer Record

Henry Lyon Porter, a native of Albion, studied at the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts before starting his own commercial art business in Buffalo. He later attended the New York School for Walt Disney Animators, graduating in 1936 and eventually participating in the illustration of Disney's first full-length animated film, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.


Built Ford Tough: Masculinity, Gerald Ford's Presidential Museum, And The Macho Presidential Style, Dustin Jones 2018 University of Windsor

Built Ford Tough: Masculinity, Gerald Ford's Presidential Museum, And The Macho Presidential Style, Dustin Jones

Major Papers

In Cold War America, spanning roughly from 1945-1991, masculinity was in crisis. The rise of Communism and the Soviet Union had led to a fear of spies, infiltrators, and defectors known most commonly as the Red Scare. Americans were encouraged to be hyper vigilant in sussing out deviant behaviour. Alongside this scare came the Lavender Scare. It was suggested that homosexuals were deviant peoples and were therefore more susceptible to being turned Communist than their heterosexual counterparts. This led to a crisis of masculinity where even the smallest suggestion of femininity could lead to accusations of potential compromise, an effect ...


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