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Revolution Is American Until It Isn't: A Study Of American Reactions To The French Revolution 1789 And The Russian Revolutionary Period Of 1917, Jonathan Dunning 2018 Murray State University

Revolution Is American Until It Isn't: A Study Of American Reactions To The French Revolution 1789 And The Russian Revolutionary Period Of 1917, Jonathan Dunning

Steeplechase: An ORCA Student Journal

This study compares American reactions to both the French Revolution of 1789 and the Russian revolutions of 1917, and it finds that there are striking similarities in American responses to both. Early Republic Americans supported the French Revolution when it began, as they believed the French were adopting democratic and liberal ideas. Likewise, World War I era Americans supported the February Revolution in Russia, as they thought the rise of the Provisional Government would create a bright democratic future for the Russian people. However, as the French Revolution turned increasing violent in the 1790s and the Bolsheviks brought about the ...


The Rise Of Gay Culture And Why Portland Is Different, Lucas Y. Morimoto 2018 Lakeridge High School

The Rise Of Gay Culture And Why Portland Is Different, Lucas Y. Morimoto

Young Historians Conference

This paper serves as a short history of the gay movement in Portland, as well as the reasons why Portland’s movement was inherently dissimilar to the movements of other major cities. It begins by providing historical context on the movements of some of Americas biggest cities, focusing primarily on the 1969 events of the Stonewall Riots in New York, the election and assassination of Harvey Milk in San Francisco, and Seattle’s movement for the purpose of comparison. A brief history on homosexuality in Portland’s recent past follows, going on then to the influence of “Darcelle’s” for ...


The United States ‘Civil’ War: The Forgotten Nation Of Cherokee People And Their Dynamic Wartime Experience, Lauren E. Monkewicz 2018 Lakeridge High School

The United States ‘Civil’ War: The Forgotten Nation Of Cherokee People And Their Dynamic Wartime Experience, Lauren E. Monkewicz

Young Historians Conference

No abstract provided.


An Examination Of American Isolationism Through Public Opinion, 1935-1939, Maggie S. Wu 2018 Lakeridge High School

An Examination Of American Isolationism Through Public Opinion, 1935-1939, Maggie S. Wu

Young Historians Conference

The 1930’s saw the widespread use of public opinion polling as a way to inform lawmakers and the general public alike of where the masses stood on issues. These polls, paired with newspapers and magazines from the time period, offer a rich glimpse into 1930’s United States. This paper will pull on this extensive pool of primary sources to illustrate the story of the United States’ shift from isolationism to interventionism in the era of Nazi Germany, appeasement, and World War II.


African Americans In Portland, A History Of Displacement And Exclusion, Brock Gjesdal 2018 Lakeridge High School

African Americans In Portland, A History Of Displacement And Exclusion, Brock Gjesdal

Young Historians Conference

Throughout the history of Portland, African Americans living within the city have been subject to discrimination and hardship by the hand of whites living among them, but not willing to live beside them. For this reason, whites enforced housing regulations to concentrate most of the African Americans living in Portland into the Northeast reaches of the city, more specifically the Albina District. However, as African American inequality in Portland gathered more and more recognition, the blunt racism embodied by the restrictive housing covenants that had been imposed upon African Americans for decades became less and less acceptable by the 1950s ...


Updates From The 2018 Pca Conference, Thomas Gubbels 2018 Lincoln University

Updates From The 2018 Pca Conference, Thomas Gubbels

Title III Professional Development Reports

This blog summarizes my experiences at the 2018 PCA/ACA National Conference and briefly describes a presentation that I made at the conference entitled "The Autoscope Theatre: A Missouri Love Story."


The Not So Lost Cause: How Historians Endorsed A False History, Abby Echeverria 2018 Stephen F Austin State University

The Not So Lost Cause: How Historians Endorsed A False History, Abby Echeverria

Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Holding On To Culture: The Effects Of The 1837 Smallpox Epidemic On Mandan And Hidatsa, Jayne Reinhiller 2018 Taylor University - Upland

Holding On To Culture: The Effects Of The 1837 Smallpox Epidemic On Mandan And Hidatsa, Jayne Reinhiller

Butler Journal of Undergraduate Research

The Mandan and Hidatsa tribes located in modern day North Dakota have a rich history characterized by elaborate social and religions structures and trade based economic systems; however, because of their stationary lifestyles and increased European and American trade, the Mandan and Hidatsa faced substantial loses during the 1837 smallpox epidemic. The tribal decimation altered both social and ceremonial structures resulting in a new and collective identity and a new ceremonial structure. Through the analysis of the anthropological studies of Alfred Bowers and the journals of fur traders and explorers like F. A. Chardon, Meriwether Lewis, and William Clark, it ...


A Blend Of Absurdism And Humanism: Defending Kurt Vonnegut’S Place In The Secondary Setting, Krisandra R. Johnson 2018 Indiana Wesleyan University

A Blend Of Absurdism And Humanism: Defending Kurt Vonnegut’S Place In The Secondary Setting, Krisandra R. Johnson

Butler Journal of Undergraduate Research

This essay argues that Kurt Vonnegut blends a unique humanist stance into his absurdist plots and characters, ultimately urging readers to confront the absurd with a kindness and human decency his protagonists often find rare. As a result of this absurd and humanist synthesis, I defend and promote Vonnegut’s place in the secondary English curriculum, despite his rank on many banned books lists, since his characters’ journeys correlate thematically with the growth and process of postmodern adolescents and encourage moral responsibility without sentimental manipulation.

Focusing on Cat’s Cradle, God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater, and Slaughterhouse-Five as primary sources ...


Social Reform And Gender: Henry Bergh, "Manliness", And The Early Animal Rights Movement In America, Hannah Gretchen Nelsen 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Social Reform And Gender: Henry Bergh, "Manliness", And The Early Animal Rights Movement In America, Hannah Gretchen Nelsen

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

In 1867, New York resident and philanthropist Henry Bergh founded the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (better known now the ASPCA). He was responsible for creating the first animal cruelty society of its kind in the United States, only a few years after the United States had abolished slavery and decades before women would be given the right to vote. While Bergh's work would start a revolution into the way Americans treated animals legally, he did not do so without controversy.


Whiskey In Early America, Grace Bellino 2018 University of North Georgia

Whiskey In Early America, Grace Bellino

International Social Science Review

Following the American Revolution (1775-1781), Americans turned to whiskey as their spirit of choice simply because it was readily available. Whiskey would shape the identity of the early republic after the Whiskey Rebellion (1791-1794) and set the precedent for frontier insurrection and the authority of the federal government. Whiskey became a crucial contributor to the budding economy of early America and the establishment of distilleries and the ease of distribution of the drink opened up the development of the West. Whiskey became so prolific in the first few decades of the United States that even today, it remains a significant ...


Holley Woman Survived Titanic Disaster, 106 Years Ago, Matthew R. Ballard 2018 Orleans County Department of History

Holley Woman Survived Titanic Disaster, 106 Years Ago, Matthew R. Ballard

Pioneer Record

On April 14, 1912, the unsinkable RMS Titanic struck an iceberg off the coast of Newfoundland, descending to the bottom of the Atlantic. Of the hundreds of people who lost their lives, several were bound for Orleans County and seeking employment in sandstone quarries at Holley and Albion. Several others, including Lillian Bentham of Holley, survived the disaster and relayed her experiences to local newspapers in the weeks following the event.


The Nuremberg Trials: A Troubled Legacy, Jacob T. Mach 2018 Cedarville University

The Nuremberg Trials: A Troubled Legacy, Jacob T. Mach

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

The Second World War wreaked a measure of destruction unseen in human history. An unprecedented number of people died or were killed during the conflict across the European and Pacific theatres of war. Fighting waged for the better part of a decade, claiming nearly one hundred million lives, soldiers and civilians combined. American, British, and Russian forces finally surrounded Berlin in April 1945. Adolf Hitler, the cunning, vengeful, ideologically-driven leader who plunged the world in war, took a cyanide tablet and shot himself in his underground bunker only a week before Germany finally surrendered. The fighting in Europe finally ended ...


Bishop Chatard: Secret Societies, Irish Nationalists, Americanists, And Modernists, 1878-1918, William Doherty Ph.D. 2018 Marian University - Indianapolis

Bishop Chatard: Secret Societies, Irish Nationalists, Americanists, And Modernists, 1878-1918, William Doherty Ph.D.

Department of History and Social Sciences

"This chapter deals with a set of movements that Bishop Chatard, a religious, social, and political conservative, had to deal with. Born into comfort, rector of the American College in Rome, Chatard, so far as he was able, operated as a brakeman to some of and the salient developments of Gilded Age America, in particular, trade unionism, Irish nationalism, and the efforts of the Modernists to bring the Church up to date and escape from medieval scholasticism. Nor did he share the confidence of the Americanist bishops who reveled in the freedom found in the United States and believed that ...


Don't Call King A 'Civil Rights' Leader: Toward Abolishing Poverty And War By Correcting Our Fatally Inadequate Remembering Of Mlk Jr., Theodore Walker 2018 Southern Methodist University

Don't Call King A 'Civil Rights' Leader: Toward Abolishing Poverty And War By Correcting Our Fatally Inadequate Remembering Of Mlk Jr., Theodore Walker

Perkins Faculty Research and Special Events

Remembering Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.—primarily as a domestic “civil rights” leader—is inadequate, and sometimes harmful. The term “civil rights” fails to embrace King’s abolitionist movements toward the global abolition of poverty and war. Moreover, King was a Baptist preacher called by God. He advanced an optimistic realism (including a “realistic pacifism”) that improves upon pessimistic-cynical versions of political realism. And King went beyond advancing “civil rights” to advancing economic justice, economic rights, and human rights. He prescribed adding a social and economic bill of rights to the US Constitution, plus full-employment supplemented by “guaranteed income ...


The Church Besieged, The French Revolution, Nationalism, And The Battle Over Modernity, William Doherty Ph.D. 2018 Marian University - Indianapolis

The Church Besieged, The French Revolution, Nationalism, And The Battle Over Modernity, William Doherty Ph.D.

Department of History and Social Sciences

"From the French Revolution, 1798, right through the nineteenth century and into the 20th Century, in nearly every major European country the Catholic Church found itself embattled. Its monopoly in religion ended or challenged by anti-clericalism, secularism, liberalism targeting the Church’s authority and putting its privileges, property, prestige, and independence under siege.

Every pope from Pius VI (1775-1799) to Pius X (1903-1914) fought against the enemy--modernity. They revived the Index of Prohibited Books, declared monarchy the best polity, and condemned church-state separation, toleration, freedom of conscience, and any idea the Church needed reform."


The Land Ordinance Act Of 1784: Defining The Political Geography Of A New Nation, Jeff Ballard 2018 American Public University System

The Land Ordinance Act Of 1784: Defining The Political Geography Of A New Nation, Jeff Ballard

Saber and Scroll

In 1783, the Confederation Congress of the United States formed a committee to recommend policies for the disposal of lands ceded by Great Britain to the United States at the conclusion of the American War of Independence. After much debate during the spring of 1784, a significantly amended report became the Land Ordinance Act of 1784. The liberal democratic principles expressed by the Act ensured the success of Republicanism, which made individual liberty and unalienable human rights the central ideal of post-war American society. As applied to the political geography of the new nation brought into existence by the Treaty ...


The Second Gold Rush: How Wartime Shipbuilding Shaped The San Francisco East Bay, Jeff Ballard 2018 American Public University System

The Second Gold Rush: How Wartime Shipbuilding Shaped The San Francisco East Bay, Jeff Ballard

Saber and Scroll

During World War II, the American population mobilized on an unprecedented scale for a common purpose—victory over fascism in Germany, Italy, and Japan. Enter industrialist and construction magnate Henry J. Kaiser and his revolutionary prefabricated shipbuilding techniques; with them, Kaiser could build ships in weeks instead of years, as the task had previously taken. By 1945, Kaiser, with partner Todd-California Shipyards, had built 1,490 ships at its California, Oregon, and Washington shipyards from a budget of $4 billion, or $55.4 billion 2018 dollars. Kaiser’s manufacturing innovation coupled with vastly improved antisubmarine warfare techniques meant that in ...


New Sweden: Sweden’S Failure To Colonize, Susan Danielsson 2018 American Public University System

New Sweden: Sweden’S Failure To Colonize, Susan Danielsson

Saber and Scroll

Before the seventeenth century, Sweden was not an integral part of Europe, much less a great power, but the ascension of Gustav II Adolphus to the throne changed this. Gustav was an intelligent man who established the Swedish Empire through domestic reforms that modernized the country’s economy and its military. Dutch investors persuaded the fledgling empire to invest in a joint colonization effort with Dutch and Swedish stockholders under the new Swedish South Company. New Sweden, established in present-day Wilmington, Delaware, along the lower Delaware River, was the first colony. Sweden’s inexperience with the mercantile system and underdeveloped ...


Holley Native Became Johnson & Johnson Matriarch, Matthew R. Ballard 2018 Orleans County Department of History

Holley Native Became Johnson & Johnson Matriarch, Matthew R. Ballard

Pioneer Record

On June 27, 1892, in the foothills of the Great Smokey Mountains, Robert Wood Johnson and Evangeline Brewster Armstrong were wed outside Mayville, Tennessee. The daughter of Holley physician Dr. Edwin R. Armstrong, Evangeline quickly went from rural girl to the belle of New Jersey's urban society.


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