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Remembering Rebellion, Remembering Resistance: Collective Memory, Identity, And The Veterans Of 1869-70 And 1885, Matthew J. McRae 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Remembering Rebellion, Remembering Resistance: Collective Memory, Identity, And The Veterans Of 1869-70 And 1885, Matthew J. Mcrae

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This dissertation analyses two of the Canadian state’s earliest military operations through the lens of personal and collective memory: The Red River conflict of 1869-70 and the Northwest Campaign of 1885. Both campaigns were directed by the Canadian state against primarily Métis and First Nations opponents. In each case, resistance to Canadian hegemony was centered on, though not exclusively led by, Métis leader Louis Riel.

This project focuses on the various veteran communities that were created in the aftermath of these two events. On one side, there were the Canadian government soldiers who had served in the campaigns and ...


Invisibility Of Choice, Madison T. Ellis 2018 Thompson Rivers University

Invisibility Of Choice, Madison T. Ellis

Proceedings of the Annual Thompson Rivers University Undergraduate Research and Innovation Conference

The purpose of this essay was to explore how dams have affected and shaped the town of Revelstoke, BC. In this piece, stories of long-term residents are juxtaposed with those of more recent immigrants to raise universal questions surrounding how all actions, big or small, field-planting or dam-building, resound with both benefits and detriments. Within the historical context of dam-building in a small mountain town, food security provides an especially vivid lens with which to consider our personal values as well as our obligations as local and global citizens. This creative nonfiction essay encapsulates both the author’s research and ...


The Geopolitics Of Canadian Defense White Papers: Lofty Rhetoric And Limited Results, Bert Chapman 2018 Purdue University

The Geopolitics Of Canadian Defense White Papers: Lofty Rhetoric And Limited Results, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

As the United States northern neighbor, Canada serves as a NATO ally and a strategic partner with Washington through the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD). Canadian forces have fought honorably and bravely in concert with American forces in many wars. Canada's government, however, has been less consistent in promoting a credible vision of Canadian national security policy and geopolitical interests in its defense white papers. These documents have often contained idealistic rhetoric about adhering to a rules-based international order and defending freedom. In reality, Canadian governments of varying political parties have consistently failed to provide the sustained funding ...


Winter Birches At York Redoubt, Irene Oore 2018 Dalhousie University

Winter Birches At York Redoubt, Irene Oore

The Goose

This painting of Winter Birches at York Redoubt in Halifax, Nova Scotia reflects the grandeur and beauty of the historic site on which it sits and evacuates the fortification from it. York Redoubt, now a National Historic Park, was constructed in 1793 (just as war broke out between Britain and France) on a bluff at the narrowest point on the outer harbour. It overlooks the entrance to Halifax Harbour at Ferguson's Cove, Nova Scotia, Canada.


Modernizing Midwifery: Managing Childbirth In Ontario And The British Isles, 1900–1950, Gwenith Cross 2018 Wilfrid Laurier University

Modernizing Midwifery: Managing Childbirth In Ontario And The British Isles, 1900–1950, Gwenith Cross

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

This dissertation considers the differences, as well as the similarities, between midwifery and childbirth practices in Ontario and in Britain in the first half of the twentieth century. Addressing the modernization of medical practices on either side of the Atlantic, the periodization of this project reflects the increasing concerns about maternal and infant morbidity and mortality alongside medical and political attempts to ensure the involvement of trained medical professionals during pregnancy and childbirth. In Britain, the establishment of the 1902 Midwives Act regulated midwifery so that only midwives approved by the Central Midwives’ Board were allowed to practice. British midwives ...


Writing Activism: Indigenous Newsprint Media In The Era Of Red Power, Elizabeth Best 2018 Wilfrid Laurier University

Writing Activism: Indigenous Newsprint Media In The Era Of Red Power, Elizabeth Best

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

This thesis reconstructs Indigenous activism in the era of Red Power, 1972-1976, by examining three newspapers, the Native Youth Movement (NYM), The Native Voice (TNV) and The Native People (TNP). By linking these newspapers, the overarching themes of 1970s Indigenous activism are explored in order to understand the social conditions faced by young Indigenous people. Through a content analysis of these newspapers, the author examines questions such as: what were the living conditions of Indigenous people during the 1970s? What mattered most to the journalists and editors of these papers? What did Indigenous grassroots activism in Western Canada look like ...


Waters Of Labor, Waters Of Leisure: An Environmental History Of Lake Memphremagog, Katherine Tucker 2018 Bucknell University

Waters Of Labor, Waters Of Leisure: An Environmental History Of Lake Memphremagog, Katherine Tucker

Honors Theses

This thesis seeks to examine the transition from traditional resource extractive industry to seasonal tourism industry around Lake Memphremagog, a mid-sized freshwater lake that is situated across the USA/ Canada border in northern Vermont and southern Quebec. Reading sources primarily from the decades 1860-1890, this research examines changing conceptualizations of nature that link to specific land use trends. Northern Vermont was left with a decimated landscape following the decline of the logging and agricultural industries by the mid-nineteenth century. Meanwhile, nature centered tourism began to emerge in the same area. The new tourism economy catered to the wealthy urban elite ...


Ghosts Of Quebec: Violence And Trauma At The Siege And Battle For Quebec, 1759., Nick R. Girard 2018 University of Windsor

Ghosts Of Quebec: Violence And Trauma At The Siege And Battle For Quebec, 1759., Nick R. Girard

Major Papers

Ghosts of Quebec spotlights the violence and killing in the Seven Years’ War and how it exemplifies a cycle of violence perpetuated by common soldiers. In doing this, the main analysis of this essay includes modern research on violence and killing as well as psychological combat trauma at the Siege of Quebec, 1759. The present literature on the Seven Years’ War often assumes a top down approach and emphasizes the roles of leaders and politicians without engaging the combat experience of common soldiers. Research on the siege and battle for Quebec follows a comparable methodology that leaves out the story ...


Pierre Trudeau’S White Paper And The Struggle For Aboriginal Rights In Canada: An Analysis Of The Extent To Which The White Paper Was A Turning Point In The Struggle For Aboriginal Rights And Land Claims In Canada, Elisabetta A. Kerr 2017 University of Toronto

Pierre Trudeau’S White Paper And The Struggle For Aboriginal Rights In Canada: An Analysis Of The Extent To Which The White Paper Was A Turning Point In The Struggle For Aboriginal Rights And Land Claims In Canada, Elisabetta A. Kerr

The Great Lakes Journal of Undergraduate History

This paper contends that Pierre Trudeau’s 1969 “White Paper” on the status of Aboriginals in Canada was not a major turning point in improving the status of Aboriginals in Canada, but succeeded in inspiring activism and interest in the plight of Canada’s First Nations. The policy attempted to redefine the Canadian government’s relationship with its Aboriginal peoples, expressing the centrality of the government in Aboriginal affairs and reinforcing its obliviousness to the needs of Canada’s First Nations. The White Paper proposed to remove “Indian Status” for Aboriginals, and as a result was vehemently rejected. The effects ...


Remembrance As Presence: Promoting Learning From Difficult Knowledge At The Canadian Museum For Human Rights, Kelsey Perreault 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Remembrance As Presence: Promoting Learning From Difficult Knowledge At The Canadian Museum For Human Rights, Kelsey Perreault

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis explores the relationship between memorial museums and the Canadian Museum for Human Rights (CMHR), Winnipeg. Although the CMHR self-defines as an idea museum, using theories of remembrance, commemorative museum pedagogy, memory, and difficult knowledge, the CMHR is also easily situated in the growing global network of memorial museums. Angela Failler's theory of consolatory hope and my own theory of past-future dissonance suggest that there are several reasons the CMHR has not fulfilled its intended mandate of advocating for human rights in the present. Through a compare and contrast approach, this paper argues that the CMHR should look ...


The Validity Of Self-Report Measures In Assessing Historical Knowledge: The Case Of Canada’S Residential Schools, Greg D. B. Boese, Katelin H. S. Neufeld, Katherine B. Starzyk 2017 Simon Fraser University

The Validity Of Self-Report Measures In Assessing Historical Knowledge: The Case Of Canada’S Residential Schools, Greg D. B. Boese, Katelin H. S. Neufeld, Katherine B. Starzyk

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC) strives to increase public education regarding residential schools. A baseline measure of the public’s residential school knowledge could be useful to evaluate the progress of the TRC. The National Benchmark Survey, Urban Aboriginal Peoples Study, and Canadian Public Opinion on Aboriginal Peoples Report are three existing surveys that provide such a baseline, though each use only self-report measures. We measured residential school knowledge of 2,250 non-Indigenous Canadian undergraduate students through self-report (subjective) and multiple-choice (objective) measures. Analyses revealed a statistically significant correlation between self-reported and objective knowledge of residential schools.


Thunderstruck: Teaching Boy Scouts About History And Cannons, Gary H. Nobbs Jr., Andrew D. Nicholls 2017 State University of New York College at Buffalo - Buffalo State College

Thunderstruck: Teaching Boy Scouts About History And Cannons, Gary H. Nobbs Jr., Andrew D. Nicholls

The Exposition

No abstract provided.


Ice Bear: The Cultural History Of An Arctic Icon By Michael Engelhard, Geneviève Pigeon 2017 Université du Québec à Montréal

Ice Bear: The Cultural History Of An Arctic Icon By Michael Engelhard, Geneviève Pigeon

The Goose

Review of Michael Engelhard's Ice Bear: The Cultural History of an Arctic Icon.


A Library Matter Of Genocide: The Library Of Congress And The Historiography Of The Native American Holocaust, Michael Q. Dudley 2017 University of Winnipeg

A Library Matter Of Genocide: The Library Of Congress And The Historiography Of The Native American Holocaust, Michael Q. Dudley

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

For decades, Indigenous experiences of mass killings, atrocities, ethnic cleansing, and assimilation have been marginalized from genocide studies due to the ways in which knowledge is constructed in the field, specifically in terms of its focus on definitions and prototype-based conceptions. This article argues that these exclusions are not merely owed to discourses internal to genocide studies, but are affirmed by conventional library terminologies for the purposes of knowledge organization and information retrieval in the form of Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) and classification, as applied to books regarding genocidal colonial encounters with Indigenous Peoples. These headings largely exhibit ...


Stronger, Leaner, Francophone: Physical Culture In The Nationalism Of Adrien Gagnon, Phillip Chipman 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Stronger, Leaner, Francophone: Physical Culture In The Nationalism Of Adrien Gagnon, Phillip Chipman

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The idea of nationalism within the Province of Quebec has been prominent throughout its history. As a notable subject, French Canadian nationalism has been studied in great detail, in relation to sport, politics, and art. However, the relationship between Francophone pride and physical culture has yet to be examined.

The purpose of this thesis was to reveal the presence of French Canadian nationalism within the realm of bodybuilding, more specifically, to study Adrien Gagnon’s physical culture magazine Santé et Développement Physique as a vehicle for nationalist thinking. Since Gagnon was publishing between 1946 and 1956, but was born in ...


Book Review: Louis Riel: A Comic-Strip Biography - Representing Canadian History Through Graphic Art, Brock J. Vaughan 2017 Wilfrid Laurier University

Book Review: Louis Riel: A Comic-Strip Biography - Representing Canadian History Through Graphic Art, Brock J. Vaughan

Bridges: An Undergraduate Journal of Contemporary Connections

This paper explores how graphic art, specifically in the comic-strip form, can represent events of the past and engage readers in historical narratives. Chester Brown’s Louis Riel: A Comic-Strip Biography tells history in a unique way by depicting heightened moments of drama in Riel’s life during the Red River Rebellion. Through vivid illustrations, Brown involves readers in the imaginative process and helps readers uncover Riel’s character and the choices he made during the series of events before his hanging for high treason in 1885. This paper contains original interpretations of Brown’s comic-strip biography, coupled with scholars ...


History Of Sioux Lookout Black Hawks Hockey Team, 1949-1951, Fatima Ba'abbad 2017 The University of Western Ontario

History Of Sioux Lookout Black Hawks Hockey Team, 1949-1951, Fatima Ba'abbad

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Existing literature on residential schools in Canada indicates that sports played an important role within that system and were a positive experience for Aboriginal students. However, these sporting experiences have not been analyzed from the students’ perspectives. This thesis aims to enrich our understanding of the role of sports within residential schools; the meanings former students attached to their experiences, and what sports mean to reconciliation initiatives using 1) narrative analysis of media representations of the Black Hawks team from Pelican Lake Indian Residential School during their 1951 hockey tour to Ottawa and Toronto, 2) a two-part interview process (photo ...


Historically-Informed Nursing: The Untapped Potential Of History In Nursing Education, Sonya Grypma Dr 2017 Trinity Western University

Historically-Informed Nursing: The Untapped Potential Of History In Nursing Education, Sonya Grypma Dr

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

For much of the 20th century, nursing history was a core component of nursing education. However, nursing history has all but disappeared from the curriculum. In an effort to prepare nurses for a rapidly-evolving health care system, nursing educators emphasize the value of new, evidence-informed knowledge—specifically in the form of literature published within the previous five years. The focus on the ‘cutting edge’ has effectively, if inadvertently, severed nursing from its roots. As a result, nurses have become disconnected from the richness embedded in our nursing past – a history that spans four centuries in Canada. This article makes ...


“No Great Mischief If They Should Fall”: Scottish Highland Soldiers In The French And Indian War, Douglas Breton 2017 College of William and Mary

“No Great Mischief If They Should Fall”: Scottish Highland Soldiers In The French And Indian War, Douglas Breton

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Although now among the most recognizable soldiers in the British Army, Scottish Highlanders were once regarded with suspicion and hostility. A number of clans revolted against the king in 1745-1746, and this act was punished severely with the proscription of Highland dress and weapons. Yet only one decade later, as the British government faced a critical shortage of troops in the French and Indian War, it decided to create two new Highland regiments and enlarge a third for service in North America. Men from formerly rebellious clans enlisted in droves, later showing themselves to be among the king’s best ...


'Gifts From Amin': The Resettlement, Integration, And Identities Of Ugandan Asian Refugees In Canada, Shezan Muhammedi 2017 The University of Western Ontario

'Gifts From Amin': The Resettlement, Integration, And Identities Of Ugandan Asian Refugees In Canada, Shezan Muhammedi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Given the current climate of the global refugee crisis it is vital to investigate why and how Canada has admitted refugees in the past. Prior to the creation of formal refugee policy, several notable resettlement initiatives occurred within the country in the postwar period including the arrival of Hungarian and Czechoslovakian refugees. This is the first academic study on the resettlement, integration, and identities of Ugandan Asian refugees who arrived in Canada between 1972 and 1974. They were the largest group of non-European and predominately Muslim refugees to arrive in Canada before the official creation of formal refugee policy in ...


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