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From Patrons To Landlords: The Transformation Of Class Relations In Zanzibar Through Wakf Reform, Isabel Spafford 2022 University of Mississippi

From Patrons To Landlords: The Transformation Of Class Relations In Zanzibar Through Wakf Reform, Isabel Spafford

Honors Theses

This study examines the role of wakf reforms in reshaping class relationships in Zanzibar during the British protectorate. Prior to the establishment of the British protectorate in Zanzibar, wakf dedications maintained patron-client relationships between the landowning class and poor clients that were established during the time of slavery but continued after abolition. I argue that wakf dedications were essential to continuing these relationships, and therefore British wakf reforms were necessary to achieve British colonial goals of dissolving patron-client relationships and establishing a capitalist system based on wage labor and ground rent. I analyze the relationship of the British colonial class ...


The Relationship Between Turks And Armenians Leading Up To And During The Great War, Kutay Agardici 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Relationship Between Turks And Armenians Leading Up To And During The Great War, Kutay Agardici

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This paper examines the long-standing debate over the events that transpired during the late Ottoman Empire between local Armenians and their predominately Muslim neighbors as well as the government. The term, “Armenian Genocide” has been used often to describe these tragic events. My writing goes into depth regarding the background history of this term. I write about the narrative of what happened between the two major groups during the late 19th and early 20th centuries as told by multiple different scholars. Narratives included are of Abdul Hamid II’s reign, the political parties created by Armenians in order for protest ...


The House Of Wisdom As A Library And Center Of Knowledge, Abdillah Arif Nasution, Aam Slamet Rusydiana, Isfandayani Isfandayani, Eva Misfah Bayuni, Dwi Ratna Kartikawati, Ihsanul Ihwan 2021 Universitas Sumatera Utara

The House Of Wisdom As A Library And Center Of Knowledge, Abdillah Arif Nasution, Aam Slamet Rusydiana, Isfandayani Isfandayani, Eva Misfah Bayuni, Dwi Ratna Kartikawati, Ihsanul Ihwan

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The heyday of Islam was marked by the rapid development of Islamic science, culture, and education. This rapid development is supported by the existence of institutions that accommodate these developments. At that time, scientific institutions were established as learning science, culture, and Islamic education. Ibn Killis was a figure and pioneer of the development of education in the Fatimid Caliphate in Egypt. He founded a university and spent thousands of dinars per month to finance it. One of the most important foundations built during the Fatimid period was the construction of Dar al-Hikmah (The house of wisdom) or Dar al- ...


Mosque Library: Bibliometrics Analysis Based On Web Of Science (Wos) Database, Sri Yayu Ninglasari, M. Fikri Himmawan 2021 Airlangga University

Mosque Library: Bibliometrics Analysis Based On Web Of Science (Wos) Database, Sri Yayu Ninglasari, M. Fikri Himmawan

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Throughout history, mosque libraries have played a critical part in the advancement of civilization. From an economic perspective, the advancement of civilization in terms of education and welfare cannot be separated from the existence of libraries. The purpose of this study is to determine the extent of the development of the mosque library literature using bibliometric tools (RStudio with "biblioshiny" and Vosviewer) based on the Web of Science (WOS) database. This study shows patterns of co-authorship, document citations, keyword co-occurrence, and thematic evolution. We demonstrate the literature's influence by examining its document type, yearly publishing rate, journals, and research ...


Nineteenth- And Twentieth-Century Readings Of The Medieval Orient: Other Encounters, Liliana Sikorska 2021 Adam Mickiewicz University of Poznan

Nineteenth- And Twentieth-Century Readings Of The Medieval Orient: Other Encounters, Liliana Sikorska

Research in Medieval and Early Modern Culture

Travel narratives and historical works shaped the perception of Muslims and the East in the Victorian and post-Victorian periods. The book discusses that troubled legacy drawing on the discourses on Muslims originating in the European Middle Ages, and locates the nineteenth-century texts concerning the Saracens and their lands in the liminal space between history and travel accounts.


Nationalist Theory And Politicization Of Archaeological Resources: Manifestations In Iraq, Andrew Vang-Roberts 2021 University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee

Nationalist Theory And Politicization Of Archaeological Resources: Manifestations In Iraq, Andrew Vang-Roberts

Field Notes: A Journal of Collegiate Anthropology

Archaeological resources have been used by political regimes to further their own interests across time and space for many decades since the discipline was established as a profession in the late 19th century. Regime-backed 20th century dictators like Iraq’s President Saddam Hussein, Iran’s Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, and Egypt’s President Hosni Mubarak understood that whoever controls a nation’s archeological resources controls the nation’s memory. By controlling collective memory, a regime can assert control over its people. Archeological resources can be used to validate a regime’s control over physical space as well. Educating a ...


“Living Under Different Skies”: Misrepresenting Egyptian Education During The British Occupation In The North American Press, Shaymaa Zantout 2021 University of Windsor

“Living Under Different Skies”: Misrepresenting Egyptian Education During The British Occupation In The North American Press, Shaymaa Zantout

Major Papers

During the British occupation from 1882 to 1922, Egypt saw the rise of colonial educational reforms, American missionary projects, and foreign-subsidized schools. Consequently, newspapers in North America reported extensively on these colonial educational excursions. In the view of correspondents, the so-called “enlightenment” of Egyptians was dependent on their adoption of Western moral ideals and instructional models. The main criticisms levelled at Egyptian education centred on what was viewed as the “incompetence” of native instructors and schools, namely Muslim ones, as well as the need for the modern education of young women. Moreover, Christian or Western schooling was posited as the ...


تراث السوسيين في السيرة النبوية, أحمد بن محمد فكير 2021 كلية الآداب والعلوم الإنسانية بأكادير، جامعة إبن زهر، المغرب

تراث السوسيين في السيرة النبوية, أحمد بن محمد فكير

Dirassat

The Legacy of the Soussi People in the Biography of the Prophet

The article is about defining the books and references of the Soussi people on the Prophet’s biography from the 3rd until the 8th Hijri century. It also sheds lights on the praiseworthy poems and writings on the subject. Besides, it refers to some Soussi’s writings on the companions of the prophet.


Islamic Library: History, Classification, And Waqf Role, Muhammad Syafii Antonio, Aam Slamet Rusydiana, Dwi Purwoko, Husnul Khatimah, Amelia Tri Puspita 2021 Tazkia Islamic University College, Indonesia.

Islamic Library: History, Classification, And Waqf Role, Muhammad Syafii Antonio, Aam Slamet Rusydiana, Dwi Purwoko, Husnul Khatimah, Amelia Tri Puspita

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Islam provides a great impetus for humans to pursue knowledge. The first verse revealed from the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is Iqra, which means “to read”. The Qur’an uses repetition to instill certain concepts in the consciousness of its listeners. Allah (God) and Rab (Sustainer) are repeated 2,800 and 950 times, respectively, in the Alquran and Ilm (knowledge) 750 times. The need to preserve the Alqur’an aroused a passion for compiling writings in various forms, which paved the way for establishing the earliest libraries in the Muslim world. Libraries in Islamic history occupy an important position. Its existence ...


The Spread Of Quranic Sciences And Recitation In Lebanon, Ziad Hajj, Fatima Mourad 2021 Jinan University

The Spread Of Quranic Sciences And Recitation In Lebanon, Ziad Hajj, Fatima Mourad

Al Jinan الجنان

علمُ القراءات القرآنيّة، من العلوم الّتي عزَّ طالبوها، حيثُ إنّ الإنسان في الأعم الأغلب يتلقّى الرّواية المشهورة في بلاده، ويحفظ كتاب ربّه سبحانه حسب كيفيّتها، ولا يطلُب ما عداها من قراءات أخرى، إلّا في القليل النّادر، فكانت الدراسة عن كيفية انتشار علم القراءات القرآنيّة على أراضي لبنان – بتقسيمه الحالي - ما بين (1280 ه) و(1330 ه)، أي ما بين (1863 م) و(1912 م)، برغم أنّ التّدوين التّاريخي لهذه الفترة الزّمنيّة فيما يخصّ علم القراءات القرآنية نادر، بل شبه معدوم.

وقد تبيّن لي بعد البحث ...


النفحات الإيمانية في شعر شعراء الدولة الإسلامية في فلسطين, Houssam Sbat, Wael El-Arini, Nabil Abu Ali 2021 الجامعة اللبنانية

النفحات الإيمانية في شعر شعراء الدولة الإسلامية في فلسطين, Houssam Sbat, Wael El-Arini, Nabil Abu Ali

Al Jinan الجنان

يكتب شاعر الدعوة في فلسطين ليقترب من داخله وليلقى فسحة أخرى من الحرية يسلط بها الضوء على الزوايا المعتمة في المجتمع , الزوايا التي لا يراها الآخرون , يكتب لأن في داخله وفي عقله رؤى وافكارًا وهواجس يرغب أن يبثها علّها تلقى من يستقبلها , ولا يكتب الشاعر بدافع أن يبيع كتابه ويجني من ورائه المال , فهو يسكب احساسه على الورق , وكل فكره أو جمله أو كلمه يكتبها لا تساويها كل كنوز العالم, فكيف إذا كانت هذه الكلمات تناجي الله رب العالمين ليغفر ذنبه ويفتح له باب التوبة حتى يكون من الناجين في الدنيا والآخرة , فلكل شاعر دوافعه الخاصة , والشعر هو ...


Diary Of An Afghan Woman Collection - September 2021, 2021 Brigham Young University

Diary Of An Afghan Woman Collection - September 2021

TSOS Interview Gallery

Four women share with us their daily lives in Afghanistan. Join them as they express their love for the country, the people, and each other; and as they share with you their deepest fears and most intimate moments.

They refuse to be silenced as they journey through this new, uncharted chapter in Afghanistan's history.

We at TSOS are honored to provide a platform for their voices to be heard. We will post entries as we receive them. For safety purposes, names have been changed and only avatars (designed with input from each woman) will be used.

ZOYA

Zoya is ...


The Waqf Lands In Turkestan During The Colonization Of The Russian Empire ( In 1865-1881 On The Example Of The Syrdarya Region), Odil Zaripov 2021 The Institute of History of The Academy of Sciences of The Republic of Uzbekistan

The Waqf Lands In Turkestan During The Colonization Of The Russian Empire ( In 1865-1881 On The Example Of The Syrdarya Region), Odil Zaripov

The Light of Islam

The article examines the state of the waqf lands in the Turkestan general-governorate, created during the colonization of the Russian Empire, using the example of the Syrdarya region. The study mainly used primary archival sources, materials from the office of the Governor-General of the region, and scientific works on this topic. We analyzed the reasons for the establishment of the waqf lands in the area and their significance, as well as the fact that these lands became abandoned as a result of the colonial policy of the tsarist authorities. The General government in Turkestan was created in 1867 based on ...


Yosuf, Yosuf, TSOS 2021 Brigham Young University

Yosuf, Yosuf, Tsos

TSOS Interview Gallery

Yosef and his family of four are from the Herat Province in Afghanistan. The eldest child used to sell potatoes with Ibrahim, the middle child, who was killed by a landmine planted by counter-revolutionaries. As a result, the eldest child, Ismail, developed severe nerve and mental issues, and the wife, who is now pregnant, frequently has seizures. They sold their home to treat Ismail, but doctors say nothing can be done. Ismail’s condition continues to worsen, but he refuses to leave to see a doctor because he is afraid of the police for an unknown reason. Yosef says he ...


Making A Muslim: Reading Publics And Contesting Identities In Nineteenth-Century North India, S. Akbar Zaidi 2021 Institute of Business Administration

Making A Muslim: Reading Publics And Contesting Identities In Nineteenth-Century North India, S. Akbar Zaidi

Faculty Research - Books

Using primarily Urdu sources from the nineteenth century, this book allows us to rethink notions of 'the Muslim', in its numerous, complex and often contradictory forms, which emerged in colonial North India after 1857. Allowing the self-representation of Muslimness and its manifestations to emerge, it contrasts how the colonial British 'made Muslims' very differently compared to how the community envisaged themselves. A key argument made here contests the general sense of the narrative of lamentation, decay, decline, and a sense of self-pity and ruination, by proposing a different condition, that of zillat, a condition which gave rise to much self-reflection ...


Retelling Mecca: Shifting Narratives Of Sacred Spaces In Volga-Ural Muslim Hajj Accounts, 1699–1945, Danielle Ross 2021 Utah State University

Retelling Mecca: Shifting Narratives Of Sacred Spaces In Volga-Ural Muslim Hajj Accounts, 1699–1945, Danielle Ross

History Faculty Publications

This article examines how Volga-Ural Muslims narrated their encounters with the sacred spaces visited during the hajj. It examines nine accounts hajj composed from the 1690s to the 1940s, to consider how changes in international politics, Russia’s domestic politics, and the culture of Islamic learning within the Volga-Ural Muslim community led to writers to revise narratives of why the sacred spaces of Mecca were sacred, how best to experience the power of these sacred spaces, and how these sacred spaces fit into the local culture of Volga-Ural Islam under Russian and Soviet rule.


Empire In-The-Round: The Tiered Stages Of Naqsh-I Jahan Square In Isfahan, Sean P. Silvia 2021 University of Southern California

Empire In-The-Round: The Tiered Stages Of Naqsh-I Jahan Square In Isfahan, Sean P. Silvia

Swarthmore Undergraduate History Journal

Naqsh-i Jahan Square lies at the heart of the Safavid Empire's capital city of Isfahan, and it is a remarkable unified artistic statement that renders legible Shah 'Abbas' imperial ideology in the urban landscape. It is also a complex made up of many different buildings with theater iconography: the caravanserai, coffeehouse, maydan, and palace. Though there is much existing scholarship analyzing these buildings separately, this paper proposes a new holistic conception of these stage spaces as linked and hierarchal. The stages embody the Shah's goal of centralization by facilitating ease of movement to promote urban consolidation and they ...


The Judges In The Rashidun Era - An Analytical Historical Study, Yousef Abdallah Al-Sharifain, Raouf Al-Sharifain 2021 Yarmouk University

The Judges In The Rashidun Era - An Analytical Historical Study, Yousef Abdallah Al-Sharifain, Raouf Al-Sharifain

Jerash for Research and Studies Journal مجلة جرش للبحوث والدراسات

This research studies and analyzes the judges in the Rightly Guided Caliphate. By introducing the rightly guided caliphate, the rightly guided caliphs, and the judges in the era of the rightly guided caliphs studied and analyzed To find out the most important and important characteristics that must be taken into account when choosing a judge, as well as the extent of connection or separation of the Rightly Guided Caliphs from the foundations and method of choosing the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, of judges during the prophetic period, by reading the correspondence of the caliphs with ...


Mes 160: Classical Islamic Literature & Civilization, Kirsten Beck 2021 CUNY Queens College

Mes 160: Classical Islamic Literature & Civilization, Kirsten Beck

Open Educational Resources

This open resource includes a syllabus, class schedule, grading rubrics, and guidelines/examples for digital poetry annotation.

The course website can be found here: http://mes160.social.qwriting.qc.cuny.edu/

In this course, we will take a journey through history, literature, and ideas, traveling through Islamic civilization from 600-1250 CE. We will learn about and contemplate the major events and concerns of Islamic civilization, from the dawn of Islam through the expansions, transformations, and fragmentations of Islamic empires, up until the end of the 13th century. Works of Islamic literature from a variety of genres will fuel our journey ...


“Inherently Tender And Prone To Crisis:” U.S.-Israeli Relations, 1974-1989, Sean Scanlon 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

“Inherently Tender And Prone To Crisis:” U.S.-Israeli Relations, 1974-1989, Sean Scanlon

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research, Department of History

This dissertation demonstrates how the relationship between the United States and the State of Israel underwent a significant transformation during 1970s and 1980s. After more than two decades of limited American aid since Israel declared its independence in 1948, the United States under Presidents Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, and Ronald Reagan dramatically increased its support for Israel in the wake of the October War of 1973. This increased level of support is most apparent in the level of U.S. military aid provided to Israel, which Israel received under extremely favorable terms. The deepening of U.S.-Israeli ...


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