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Humanization Of The Enemy: The Pacifist Soldier And France In World War One, Daniel E. Stockman 2017 Dominican University of California

Humanization Of The Enemy: The Pacifist Soldier And France In World War One, Daniel E. Stockman

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Not all French citizens were enthused by the prospect of war in 1914, nor were they all so willing to embrace a dehumanized view of the enemy. Some French citizens believed the “Great War” to be a patriotic endeavor. Propaganda encouraged this nationalism and the dehumanization of the enemy. “Political” pacifism existed within the French Third Republic psyche following France’s defeat in the 1870 Franco-Prussian War. However, these pacifistic undertones were systematically undermined as France began to militarize itself. Drawing from a series of notebooks, and established academic sources, this paper shows that some French soldiers endured a world ...


Imperialism, Self Determination, And The Failure Of The Nation State: European Influence In The Middle East At The Turn Of The Nineteenth Century, Clay H. Cade 2017 J Sargeant Reynolds Community College

Imperialism, Self Determination, And The Failure Of The Nation State: European Influence In The Middle East At The Turn Of The Nineteenth Century, Clay H. Cade

Exigence

An effort to demonstrate French and British influence in Iraq, Syria, and Palestine in relation to the Mandate system have led to systematic instability throughout the region


Thirteen Washington University Students And Their Deep Dive Into The Study Of The Holocaust: Reflections From A Trip To Germany, Poland, And Lithuania And A Year Of Intensive Study, Brian Vetruba, Cecily Hibbs, Talia Wazana, Abigail Wippel 2017 Washington University in St Louis

Thirteen Washington University Students And Their Deep Dive Into The Study Of The Holocaust: Reflections From A Trip To Germany, Poland, And Lithuania And A Year Of Intensive Study, Brian Vetruba, Cecily Hibbs, Talia Wazana, Abigail Wippel

University Libraries Presentations

This poster exhibit offers reflections and images from Washington University (WU) students, faculty, and staff who traveled across Germany, Poland, and Lithuania in May 2016. The trip took place after a year of intensive study in 2015-2016 as part of the FOCUS program “The History, Memory, and Representation of the Holocaust.” The exhibit encompasses critical perspectives on the history, memory, and representation of the Holocaust alongside students’ first-person reflections. The exhibit is being held at the St. Louis Holocaust Museum and Learning Center from Feb. 2 to Marcy 15, 2017. A video recording of interviews with students and faculty accompanies ...


Decidedly Uncertain, Sophia I. Varosy 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Decidedly Uncertain, Sophia I. Varosy

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

My capstone project is meant to reflect the ideas I’ve been exposed to and the ways in which they have, as a consequence, influenced my life; the ways, I suppose, I can apply them. Over the course, or courses (literally), of my time spent at The CUNY Graduate Center, I felt (mostly) enthusiastic about the ideas and philosophies I was growing to at-least-marginally understand. However, as time passed I became increasingly more unsettled about my position as an “academic.” In other words, I found that I was moved and motivated to increase my understanding of things, but never did ...


Owing And Owning: Zubayr Pasha, Slavery, And Empire In Nineteenth-Century Sudan, Zachary S. Berman 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Owing And Owning: Zubayr Pasha, Slavery, And Empire In Nineteenth-Century Sudan, Zachary S. Berman

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The Mahdist revolt provides a quandary: why did Africans revolt against imperialism in defense of slavery? This study approaches the issue by analyzing the life of Zubayr Pasha, most well-known of Sudanese slave-traders in the decades leading to the Mahdist Revolt. What I found in interviews with him, parliamentary debates over him, articles about him, and proclamations concerning him, was that the emotional responses to his story show different perspectives on the processes of overlapping imperialisms, voluntary slavery, and a host of integrated issues. To himself he was a trader, a businessman working within the letter of the law; to ...


From Rochel To Rose And Mendel To Max: First Name Americanization Patterns Among Twentieth-Century Jewish Immigrants To The United States, Jason H. Greenberg 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

From Rochel To Rose And Mendel To Max: First Name Americanization Patterns Among Twentieth-Century Jewish Immigrants To The United States, Jason H. Greenberg

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

There has been a dearth of investigation into the distribution of and the alterations among Jewish given names. Whereas Jewish surnames are a popular topic of study, first names receive far less analysis. Because Jewish immigrants to the United States frequently changed their names, this thesis can serve as a guide to genealogists and other scholars seeking to trace the paths of Jewish immigrants from Europe. Data was drawn from about 1500 naturalization records from Brooklyn in order to determine the correspondences between the given names featured on passenger lists and their Americanized counterparts. More than three-quarters of surveyed immigrants ...


Gregory Of Tours, The Eastern Emperor, And Merovingian Gaul, Robert Winn 2017 Northwestern College - Orange City

Gregory Of Tours, The Eastern Emperor, And Merovingian Gaul, Robert Winn

Northwestern Review

Gregory of Tours (538-594) was a historian of his time and place. His primary concerns were shaped by his theological, ecclesiastical, and political commitments: western orthodoxy, the Roman Catholic Church, and Merovingian Gaul. It thus is surprising that in his famous Ten Books of Histories he takes a more than passing interest in the eastern Roman Emperor and empire. This article explores Gregory’s passages on imperial Rome and argues that they were intended to highlight the virtues and vices of particular Merovingian kings in comparison with particular Roman emperors. Also, Gregory meant to subtly point to the dangers of ...


Arnold Whitridge: Scholar And Veteran Of Two Armies And Two Wars, Keith J. Muchowski 2017 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Arnold Whitridge: Scholar And Veteran Of Two Armies And Two Wars, Keith J. Muchowski

Publications and Research

This is an invited blog post written for Roads to the Great War, a site dedicated to the study of the First World War edited by historian Mike Hanlon. The article discusses the life and career of Arnold Whitridge, a soldier, scholar and grandson of British poet Matthew Arnold.

This is the url:

http://roadstothegreatwar-ww1.blogspot.com/2017/01/arnold-whitridge-scholar-and-veteran-of.html


Protests From The Pulpit: The Confessing Church And The Sermons Of World War Ii, William S. Skiles 2017 Regent University

Protests From The Pulpit: The Confessing Church And The Sermons Of World War Ii, William S. Skiles

Sermon Studies

This article examines sermons delivered by Confessing Church pastors in the Nazi dictatorship during World War II, and specifically explores the messages of opposition against the regime. The approach of most historians has focused on the history of the Christian institutions, its leaders, and its persecution by the Nazi regime, leaving the most elemental task of the pastor - that is, preaching - largely unexamined. To understand Confessing Church opposition during World War II, I have analyzed 255 sermons delivered in pulpits, published in pamphlets, and broadcast over the airwaves. Furthermore, I have examined sermons delivered "out in the open" in German ...


Aethelred And Cnut: Saxon England And The Vikings, Matthew Hudson 2017 American Public University System

Aethelred And Cnut: Saxon England And The Vikings, Matthew Hudson

Saber and Scroll

While many factors played a role in the eventual fall of the Saxons, one of the pivotal pieces in the evolution of Anglo-Saxon England was the conflict between Aethelred II (978-1016), called the Unready, and Cnut (1016-1035), the son of Aethelred’s Viking rival. The failure of Aethelred to repel the Vikings provided an atmosphere in which an emboldened Cnut was able to successfully conquer and consolidate Anglo-Saxon England as well as much of Scandinavia. Cnut strengthened the central authority of the crown and increased the stability of the kingdom while opening a door for the rise of earls to ...


American Battleship At War: Uss New York, Keith J. Muchowski 2017 New York City College of Technology

American Battleship At War: Uss New York, Keith J. Muchowski

Publications and Research

This invited blog post tells the story of the USS New York, a dreadnought built just prior to the outbreak of the First World War and decommissioned after World War II.


Review Of The Book Harmful And Undesirable: Book Censorship In Nazi Germany, John A. Drobnicki 2017 CUNY York College

Review Of The Book Harmful And Undesirable: Book Censorship In Nazi Germany, John A. Drobnicki

Publications and Research

Review of the book Harmful and undesirable: Book censorship in Nazi Germany.


The Ecocritical Carnivalesque Of Mason & Dixon: Thomas Pynchon's Environmental Vision, Theodor Jack Hamstra 2017 University of Colorado Boulder

The Ecocritical Carnivalesque Of Mason & Dixon: Thomas Pynchon's Environmental Vision, Theodor Jack Hamstra

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Among American novelists since 1945, Thomas Pynchon ranks as one of the most accomplished, with arguably the most fully realized and profound visions of Postmodernity. Therefore, his absence from the field of Ecocriticism is alarming. The aim of my thesis is to demonstrate that Pynchon’s 1997 novel Mason & Dixon ought to be considered as an essential text of American environmental writing. My thesis triangulates the environmental vision of Mason & Dixon by highlighting its affinity with environmental literature on three overlapping levels: the specter of the ancient, the spectacle of the new during the Enlightenment setting of the novel, and ...


Civil War Or Genocide? The United Nations Commission Of Experts’ Misunderstanding Of The Third Balkan War Of The 1990s, Matthew G. Morley 2017 DePaul University

Civil War Or Genocide? The United Nations Commission Of Experts’ Misunderstanding Of The Third Balkan War Of The 1990s, Matthew G. Morley

Grand Valley Journal of History

When the country of Yugoslavia disintegrated into war, the United Nations created a research commission, the Yugoslav Commission of Experts, to document war crimes. This commission, led by Cherif M. Bassiouni, depicted the conflict as a perpetual problem with historical roots and also as having victims on both sides, which presented a legal-definitional paradox to the Security Council, requiring litigation of principles, categorization of conflicts, and discussion of further involvement - if applicable. This paper traces the essentialist understandings of the Commission of Experts and the International Human Rights Law Institute – two groups that otherwise had good intentions to bring about ...


Cloelia: Breaking Glass Ceilings Before It Was Cool, Lindsay Kline 2016 Collin College

Cloelia: Breaking Glass Ceilings Before It Was Cool, Lindsay Kline

Lindsay Kline

This essay discusses the heroic deeds of Cloelia, an ancient roman heroine of Roman history.


Forum: Spanish Online Resources For Spanish And Latin American History, Roger L. Martínez-Dávila 2016 Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Forum: Spanish Online Resources For Spanish And Latin American History, Roger L. Martínez-Dávila

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

The mid-2010s are a challenging period to investigate digital collections precisely because they exist as patchwork of emerging collections that are incompletely indexed, and thus it is difficult to appreciate their significance. For diligent researchers who employ a robust digital search methodology, there are substantial opportunities to locate and reveal high-dispersed and fragmentary histories. This researcher proposes six essential approaches to researching electronic collections based on personal expertise in physically researching in almost thirty Spanish private, local, church, provincial, and national archives and libraries, as well as countless digital collections.

The essential online digital collections for Spanish and Latin American ...


Beyond Cultural Imperialism: Rethinking Americanization, National Identity, And “Difference” In Post-Franco Spain, Hamilton M. Stapell 2016 State University of New York, New Paltz

Beyond Cultural Imperialism: Rethinking Americanization, National Identity, And “Difference” In Post-Franco Spain, Hamilton M. Stapell

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

It was in the 1980s that Americanization became seen as a real cultural danger in Europe, especially in France and West Germany. While this resistance to American cultural influence has been well established in the existing scholarship, Spain’s reaction has remained far less clear. The purpose of this paper is to reconsider the Spanish response, especially in light of the French reaction. The main argument of this paper is that Spain may be somewhat of an exception to the European norm. Spaniards often welcomed American investment, business know-how, and cultural products with open arms. In these cases it appears ...


Franco's Spain And The European Integration Process (1945-1975), Enrique Moradiellos 2016 Universidad de Extremadura

Franco's Spain And The European Integration Process (1945-1975), Enrique Moradiellos

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

The Francoist dictatorship had a highly complex relationship with the European integration process started after 1945. On account of its authoritarian profile and pro-Axis policies during the Second World War, Spain was barred access to the new European institutions and organisations created in the postwar era. As a result, the Spanish regime adopted an official attitude of contempt towards the European integration process up to 1957. But the creation of the European Economic Community forced a marked change in its policies because Spain could not afford to be left out of the Common Market. The consequent search for some sort ...


Nuevas Reflexiones Sobre “Elena, Alias Eleno De Céspedes”, Transgénero, Redes Sociales Y Libertad En La España Del Siglo Xvi, Aurelia Martín Casares Prof., Magdalena Díaz Hernández 2016 University of Granda, Spain

Nuevas Reflexiones Sobre “Elena, Alias Eleno De Céspedes”, Transgénero, Redes Sociales Y Libertad En La España Del Siglo Xvi, Aurelia Martín Casares Prof., Magdalena Díaz Hernández

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

Hasta ahora el personaje de Elena de Céspedes, una esclava que llegó a ser cirujano y a casarse con una mujer, ha sido reconocido por su dualidad sexual, de género o de ocupación. Sin embargo, todos esos factores se interrelacionan en la construcción de su realidad transgenéro. El cross-dressing o travestismo, el género fluido, la androginia y la transexualidad fueron elementos esenciales en la construcción de diferentes tipos de redes sociales que le posibilitaron ascender personal, social y profesionalmente, obteniendo así un amplio margen de libertad en la España de finales del siglo XVI.

Precisamente, el gran valor de Elena ...


“An Impossible Quid Pro Quo”: Representations Of Tomás De Torquemada, Carolyn Salomons 2016 St Marys University

“An Impossible Quid Pro Quo”: Representations Of Tomás De Torquemada, Carolyn Salomons

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

The name Tomás de Torquemada has become synonymous with the Holy Office of the Spanish Inquisition, and a symbol of religious fanaticism, hatred, oppression of minorities, and even sadism. Throughout the centuries since his death, he has been co-opted by writers and artists as a representation of cruelty and persecution. Although contemporaries praised him (albeit somewhat carefully), and he certainly enjoyed the favor of his monarchs, Isabel and Ferdinand, after his death Torquemada quickly gained a nefarious reputation as a fanatical zealot and a torturer, a characterization which lingers today. How did an (admittedly) austere Dominican come to so powerfully ...


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