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Soviet Commemoration And Myth-Making Of The Nazi Extermination Camps: Case Studies On Treblinka, Sobibór, And Majdanek, Isaac Bluestein 2023 William & Mary

Soviet Commemoration And Myth-Making Of The Nazi Extermination Camps: Case Studies On Treblinka, Sobibór, And Majdanek, Isaac Bluestein

Swarthmore Undergraduate History Journal

The Nazi extermination camps of Treblinka, Sobibór, and Majdanek, all located in Eastern Europe, are understudied, underdiscussed, and undermemorialized in public and scholarly memory. In this paper, I seek to conduct case studies of these three camps, their histories, and their commemoration efforts. Ultimately, four main factors prevented these camps from achieving the solemn recognizability they deserve and from having their victims’ stories adequately told; little remains of these camps compared to concentration camps in Germany, fewer individuals survived them to emphasize their importance, the Soviet Union possessed near complete control of their study and commemoration, which allowed for them …


A United Failure: The Failure Of The United Nations, United States, And Global Community In Preventing And Responding To The 1994 Rwandan Genocide, Josh Ratsch 2022 Murray State University

A United Failure: The Failure Of The United Nations, United States, And Global Community In Preventing And Responding To The 1994 Rwandan Genocide, Josh Ratsch

Honors College Theses

The Rwandan Genocide represents a glaring failure of the global community to provide humanitarian protection to targets of ethnic violence and slaughter. The complete indifference displayed by the United Nations provided extremist Hutu leaders with an environment for killing without a threat of foreign intervention. Calls by the leader of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR), Roméo Dallaire to reinforce the mission both before and during the slaughter fell upon deaf ears as UN leaders attempted to justify their inaction. Accounts from Rwandan representatives, who at the start of the genocide held a position on the UN Security …


Is Superman Circumcised? The Complete Jewish History Of The World’S Greatest Hero By Roy Schwartz, Gabriel C. Salter 2022 Independent Scholar

Is Superman Circumcised? The Complete Jewish History Of The World’S Greatest Hero By Roy Schwartz, Gabriel C. Salter

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

In Is Superman Circumcised?, Russell Schwartz provides a historical overview of Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster's creation of the comic book character Superman, arguing that Siegel and Shuster's backgrounds in Jewish immigrants gives a particularly Jewish subtext to their character. Schwartz builds on this argument with a larger historical overview of American comic book publishing, showing how Judaism and Jewish-American immigrant experiences have informed that industry from its earliest days.


Round Table (Part 3): The Limits Of Lemkin, Scott Straus 2022 University of California, Berkeley

Round Table (Part 3): The Limits Of Lemkin, Scott Straus

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Round Table (Part 2): Reflections & Questions, Sarah Federman 2022 University of San Diego

Round Table (Part 2): Reflections & Questions, Sarah Federman

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Critique Beyond Judgment: Exploring Testimony And Truth In The Classroom, Sean Sidky 2022 Indiana University

Critique Beyond Judgment: Exploring Testimony And Truth In The Classroom, Sean Sidky

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

This essay offers a set of strategies for utilizing the words of survivors and of witnesses to genocide in the classroom. Including the voices of survivors and victims in our classroom conversations about genocide, its impact, representation, and the possibilities for its prevention is crucial to an ethical and wholistic pedagogy of genocide. Discussion of these events in the classroom often finds us confronting questions from students about truth, historical accuracy, authenticity, and authority. Addressing such questions requires careful framing that takes into account student assumptions and cultural discourses about memory and witnessing, as we work with students to develop …


Round Table (Part 4): The Marginal Man, Max Pensky 2022 Binghamton University

Round Table (Part 4): The Marginal Man, Max Pensky

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Round Table (Full Symposium): What’S Raphaël Lemkin Got To Do With Genocide Studies? A Conversation On Gender, Culture, Economics, Categorical Violence, And Colonization With Professors Sarah Federman, Dirk Moses, Max Pensky, And Scott Straus, A. Dirk Moses, Sarah Federman, Scott Straus, Max Pensky, Douglas Irvin-Erickson 2022 City College of New York, CUNY

Round Table (Full Symposium): What’S Raphaël Lemkin Got To Do With Genocide Studies? A Conversation On Gender, Culture, Economics, Categorical Violence, And Colonization With Professors Sarah Federman, Dirk Moses, Max Pensky, And Scott Straus, A. Dirk Moses, Sarah Federman, Scott Straus, Max Pensky, Douglas Irvin-Erickson

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents, 2022 University of South Florida

Table Of Contents

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Editors' Introduction, 2022 University of South Florida

Editors' Introduction

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Round Table (Part 1): The Apex Of Biographical Intellectual History, A. Dirk Moses 2022 City College of New York, CUNY

Round Table (Part 1): The Apex Of Biographical Intellectual History, A. Dirk Moses

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

In my brief commentary, I ask Douglas Irvin-Erickson, six years since his book appeared, about what comes next: namely, whether he thinks a new intellectual history of genocide needs transcend the assumption about its humanization of domestic and international affairs.


Full Issue 16.2, 2022 University of South Florida

Full Issue 16.2

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Round Table (Part 5): What’S Raphaël Lemkin Got To Do With Genocide Studies?, Douglas Irvin-Erickson 2022 George Mason University

Round Table (Part 5): What’S Raphaël Lemkin Got To Do With Genocide Studies?, Douglas Irvin-Erickson

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Armenian Resistance To The Hamidian Massacres, Deborah Mayersen 2022 University of New South Wales Canberra at the Australian Defence Force Academy

Armenian Resistance To The Hamidian Massacres, Deborah Mayersen

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Between 1894 and 1896, the Hamidian massacres claimed the lives of more than 100,000 Armenians in Ottoman Turkey. This article presents an exploratory analysis of Armenian resistance to the massacres. It examines the context and contours of resistance, including the strategies employed, scope and organization of resistance efforts. Evidence indicates that resistance was widespread, and Armenians adopted a diverse range of strategies in attempting self-protection. The relative powerlessness of the Armenian minority, however, meant that most attempts at resistance were overwhelmed. Additionally, resisters were often targeted for especially violent retribution. The lack of success of resistance efforts can also be …


Arts & Literature: Looking Back At The Roots Of Genocides In Ex-Belgian Africa, René Lemarchand 2022 University of Florida

Arts & Literature: Looking Back At The Roots Of Genocides In Ex-Belgian Africa, René Lemarchand

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Gatumba Massacre, Background Essay, Christopher Davey, Ezra Schrader, Fidele Sebahizi, Jean Paul Iranzi 2022 Clark University

Gatumba Massacre, Background Essay, Christopher Davey, Ezra Schrader, Fidele Sebahizi, Jean Paul Iranzi

Background

On August 13th 2004, 166 people were killed and 106 were wounded at the UN’s Gatumba refugee camp in Burundi. Nearly all the victims were members of the Banyamulenge community, a Congolese Tutsi ethnic group who were deliberately targeted in the attack. The massacre was carried out by the Forces Nationales pour la Liberation (FNL), a Hutu supremacist rebel group fighting in Burundi’s civil war. Understanding the Gatumba Massacre requires understanding what forced those Banyamulenge refugees to flee their homes in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and why the FNL targeted them. This background essay addresses the context …


Bibliography For Charlotte Salomon Display, Ruby Blakesleay 2022 Chapman University

Bibliography For Charlotte Salomon Display, Ruby Blakesleay

Library Displays and Bibliographies

A bibliography created to accompany a display about Charlotte Salomon in September 2022 at the Leatherby Libraries at Chapman University. This display was created in partnership with the Sala and Aron Samueli Holocaust Memorial Library and the Rodgers Center for Holocaust Education.


“I Held On At Any Price”: Victim Self-Preservation In The Sonderkommando In Auschwitz And Treblinka, Jessica Christina Foster 2022 Clemson University

“I Held On At Any Price”: Victim Self-Preservation In The Sonderkommando In Auschwitz And Treblinka, Jessica Christina Foster

All Theses

Many Holocaust victims have expressed uneasiness or even shame regarding the actions they took to stay alive in the death camps. These acts of self-preservation were usually humiliating and often came at the expense of their fellow victims. This comes out most clearly in the testimonies of the members of the Sonderkommando in Auschwitz and Treblinka. Writers such as Filip Müller, Zalmen Gradowski, and Richard Glazar recount how they survived the lethal environment of the camp by appropriating the food, clothing, and valuables of the people murdered in the gas chambers. Although most scholars have interpreted these testimonies, and the …


Full Issue 16.1, 2022 University of South Florida

Full Issue 16.1

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Climate In Crisis: Art And Activism At The Brooklyn Museum, Nancy B. Rosoff 2022 Brooklyn Museum

Climate In Crisis: Art And Activism At The Brooklyn Museum, Nancy B. Rosoff

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

This paper explores the Brooklyn Museum’s activism-centered museum practice as exemplified by the exhibition Climate in Crisis: Environmental Change in the Indigenous Americas. The exhibition presents the collections of Indigenous art from North, Central, and South America through the lens of climate change and its impact on the survival of Indigenous people. The main thesis is that the current climate emergency is part of a longer history of environmental colonialism that began five hundred years ago. For millennia, Indigenous communities throughout the Americas have maintained profound and expansive relationships with the natural world. However, beginning in the 1500s, Europe’s …


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