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Land Of Abundance: A History Of Settler Colonialism In Southern California, Benjamin Shultz 2020 California State University, San Bernardino

Land Of Abundance: A History Of Settler Colonialism In Southern California, Benjamin Shultz

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

The historical narrative produced by settler colonialism has significantly impacted relationships among individuals, groups, and institutions. This thesis focuses on the enduring narrative of settler colonialism and its connection to American Civilization. It is this process and system of American Civilization (established and reified through institutions and cultural norms) that perpetuates the oppressive impact of settler colonialism on various groups who have resided in Southern California for generations before the settlers arrived. This thesis will also demonstrate that the results of settler colonialism at the turn of the 20th century in Southern California had massive socioeconomic consequences in the ...


Indigeneity On The Atlantic Coast: Tracing The Political Mobilization Of Miskitu Indians During The Nicaraguan Revolution, Madeline Bowman 2020 University of Florida

Indigeneity On The Atlantic Coast: Tracing The Political Mobilization Of Miskitu Indians During The Nicaraguan Revolution, Madeline Bowman

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Following the toppling of the Somoza regime in 1978, the Sandinista National Liberation Front of Nicaragua created a revolutionary government based on Marxist ideals of anti-capitalist economic reforms and the establishment of state-owned agricultural land. The Sandinistas popularized their revolutionary government through literacy and education campaigns and the improvement and expansion of healthcare throughout the country. This revolutionary government quickly faced threats of counterrevolution by Contras backed by the Reagan administration and the CIA who were vested in stamping out the rise of socialism in the Global South. Nicaragua now hosted a proxy war in which the United States could ...


The Mapuche And Chilean State: An Analysis Of The State Reaction To Mapuche Protests, Mckenna Gossrau 2020 University of Mississippi

The Mapuche And Chilean State: An Analysis Of The State Reaction To Mapuche Protests, Mckenna Gossrau

Honors Theses

The history between the Mapuche and Chilean state is long and complex. Since 2000, the conflict between the state and Mapuche has periodically drawn wider public attention as well as public demands for change. In this thesis, I look to examine how the Chilean state has reacted to the demands of the Mapuche since 2000. Mapuche activists have protested violently and peacefully against state policy that has left many rural Mapuche impoverished and landless. This project assesses the impact of protests on state-Mapuche policy. The project also examines how deeply entrenched neoliberal fiscal policies of the state play a central ...


Sunset Piracy: The Ends Of Atlantic Piratical Careers In The Age Of Sail, Cory Henderson 2020 University of Mississippi

Sunset Piracy: The Ends Of Atlantic Piratical Careers In The Age Of Sail, Cory Henderson

Honors Theses

This thesis concerns the careers of pirates in the latest stage of that career, as pirates prepared to end their roving of the seas in order to “settle down.” Though pirates are idolized in modern fiction, their ends are often overshadowed by the highlights of their careers. Here, the goal is to find what motivated pirates to engage in a life as outlaws and then at some point choose to cast that life aside. Conclusions on this are drawn from both primary and secondary sources where pirates gave information pertaining to their view of the world and retirement in it ...


The Belt And Road Initiative: China’S Rise, America’S Balance, And Latin America’S Struggle, Garrett Bullock 2020 Ursinus College

The Belt And Road Initiative: China’S Rise, America’S Balance, And Latin America’S Struggle, Garrett Bullock

History Honors Papers

This research attempts to understand the evolving relationship between China, the United States, and Latin America. Specifically, it explores China’s rapid rise as a formidable geopolitical power, the United States’ mixed response to that rise, and efforts by two Latin American countries, Ecuador and Argentina, to avoid exploitation by both China and the United States—and, indeed, to even benefit from this mutating relationship. In all cases, historically constructed ideas and strategic interests shape relations among these various actors. Accordingly, this research lays out the historical sources for each of these powers’ central ideas. Then, it connects those ideas ...


Sex, Drugs, And Human Sacrifice: The Exploration Of Iguanas As Visual Representations Of Spiritual Conduits/Portals In Mochica Sacrifice Scenes, Christina Nicole Conti 2020 University of California Santa Cruz

Sex, Drugs, And Human Sacrifice: The Exploration Of Iguanas As Visual Representations Of Spiritual Conduits/Portals In Mochica Sacrifice Scenes, Christina Nicole Conti

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

This paper will diverge from the viewpoint that the Mochica line drawings are representations of the Mochica elite. It will explore the deeper symbolism behind the idea of the iguana as a visual metaphor for a portal to the spiritual realm in Mochica visual culture. I will focus specifically on the analysis of Mochica line drawings from ceremonial vessels. The analysis of these vessels will show that Iguana exists as a representation of a spiritual conduit, i.e., a portal between this world and the next--that Iguana exists outside of reality but has a foot in both realms. The use ...


The Guano Age: How Bird Poop From Peru Led To The Imperialistic Expansion Of The United States, Christina Barry 2020 SUNY Cortland

The Guano Age: How Bird Poop From Peru Led To The Imperialistic Expansion Of The United States, Christina Barry

Transformations: Presentation Slides

No abstract provided.


Dolores Huerta: A Groundbreaking Activist Of Today, Olivia Patania 2020 Dominican University of California

Dolores Huerta: A Groundbreaking Activist Of Today, Olivia Patania

History | Senior Theses

This paper examines the development and transformation of human rights activism and labor relations that can be attributed to the efforts of several groups and individuals in society through the United Farm Workers Union. Understanding the strategies employed by the groundbreaking activism of Dolores Huerta is critical to comprehending the effectiveness and development of union action and labor relations in addressing the problem of labor exploitation in American society. This paper examines three major texts that have been critical in evaluating the efforts of different individuals and their contribution to the labor and human rights movement of the 1950s, 1960s ...


The Mexican Ex-Voto Tradition As A Potential Subversion Of Authority, Samantha Ros 2020 William & Mary

The Mexican Ex-Voto Tradition As A Potential Subversion Of Authority, Samantha Ros

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Ex-votos are small devotional paintings, typically painted on tin using oil paint. The format of these works follows a recognizable formula, organized into three registers: an inscription, a central register dedicated to the earthly realm, and an uppermost register where the image of a holy figure is depicted. Ex-votos are commissioned in gratitude for divine intervention, or, less commonly, as a petition for miraculous intercession. This thesis examines Mexican ex-votos from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and considers how their production, display, and content may undermine political dictates.


Immigrants: A Threat To The Economy Or Cultural Identity? A Case Study Of Haitian And Venezuelan Immigrants In Chile, Erin Geist 2020 University of Mississippi

Immigrants: A Threat To The Economy Or Cultural Identity? A Case Study Of Haitian And Venezuelan Immigrants In Chile, Erin Geist

Honors Theses

Historically, countries often faced the difficult task of favoring one immigrant group over another. Typically, this is in response to their inability to support those immigrants due to an unstable economy. However, some scholars argue that during times of economic prosperity, excluding immigrants may be the result of the group’s incapacity to assimilate to the nation’s “cultural identity”. Since Chile’s conception as a nation and as one of the most prosperous Latin American countries, they have received notably minuscule immigration rates. As a result, Chileans prides themselves as a relatively homogeneous country. Consequently, in 2018, President Sebastián ...


Nicaragua's Response To Covid-19 – Authors' Reply, Mateo Jarquin, Andrea M. Prado, Benjamin Gallo Marin 2020 Chapman University

Nicaragua's Response To Covid-19 – Authors' Reply, Mateo Jarquin, Andrea M. Prado, Benjamin Gallo Marin

History Faculty Articles and Research

An author's to John Perry's commentary ("Nicaragua's Response to COVID-19"), which was itself written in response to Mather, Gallo Marin, Medina Perez, et al.'s "Love in the Time of COVID-19: Negligence in the Nicaraguan Response". Original article: Salazar Mather TP, Gallo Marin B, Medina Perez G, et al. Love in the time of COVID-19: negligence in the Nicaraguan response. The Lancet Global Health. 2020;8(6):e773. doi:10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30131-5 Perry's commentary: Perry J. Nicaragua’s response to COVID-19. The Lancet Global Health. Published online April 2020. doi:10.1016/S2214-109X(20 ...


The Drug War Hegemony: The United States In Latin America, Chris Tasker 2020 University of North Florida

The Drug War Hegemony: The United States In Latin America, Chris Tasker

Showcase of Osprey Advancements in Research and Scholarship (SOARS)

International relations are based upon power, the dynamics of these power relations are integral to the interaction of all states. In this regard my work has been focused on examining how the United States and a broader group of Latin American states have had the character of their relations changed by a priority on the “War on Drugs” through the early 1970s, up until the early 2000s. The scope of my study included such works as international treaties, government accounts, accounts from non-government organizations, and works of academia, which were contrasted by the actual actions which participating states took. The ...


Love In The Time Of Covid-19: Negligence In The Nicaraguan Response, Thais P. Salazer Mather, Benjamin Gallo Marin, Giancarlo Medina Perez, Briana Christophers, Marcelo L. Paiva, Rocío Oliva, Baraa A. Hijaz, Andrea M. Prado, Mateo C. Jarquín, Katelyn Moretti, Catalina González Marqués, Alejandro Murillo, Elizabeth Tobin-Tyler 2020 Office of Medical Education and Continuous Quality Improvement

Love In The Time Of Covid-19: Negligence In The Nicaraguan Response, Thais P. Salazer Mather, Benjamin Gallo Marin, Giancarlo Medina Perez, Briana Christophers, Marcelo L. Paiva, Rocío Oliva, Baraa A. Hijaz, Andrea M. Prado, Mateo C. Jarquín, Katelyn Moretti, Catalina González Marqués, Alejandro Murillo, Elizabeth Tobin-Tyler

History Faculty Articles and Research

"The response of the Nicaraguan government to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been perhaps the most erratic of any country in the world to date. Directly contradicting mitigation strategies recommended by WHO, President Daniel Ortega has refused to encourage any physical distancing measures. Vice President Rosario Murillo (Daniel Ortega's wife) instead called on thousands of sympathisers to congregate in street marches under the slogan 'love in the time of COVID-19'. By downplaying the danger of the pandemic and increasing the risk of community transmission in the second-poorest country in the western hemisphere, the Nicaraguan government is violating ...


La Conquista RetóRica: La AutolegitimacióN De HernáN CortéS Y Su JustificacióN Del Colonialismo EspañOl A TravéS De Las Cartas De RelacióN (1519 - 1526), Kent Shi 2020 Trinity College

La Conquista RetóRica: La AutolegitimacióN De HernáN CortéS Y Su JustificacióN Del Colonialismo EspañOl A TravéS De Las Cartas De RelacióN (1519 - 1526), Kent Shi

Senior Theses and Projects

No abstract provided.


The Sun Sets On Chinchontepec: (Re)Productions Of Salvadoran Memory, Aida Campos 2020 William & Mary

The Sun Sets On Chinchontepec: (Re)Productions Of Salvadoran Memory, Aida Campos

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Sun Sets on Chinchontepec is a collection of poetry and prose written in the style of a "fictional memoir." This project explores a mosaic of Salvadoran memory by spanning different narrators, intimacies, motivations, and histories to imagine makeshift recollections of Salvadoran experiences and timelines. The collection moves through images of chaos, the mundane, and the supernatural alike, re-told or imagined, to develop a metaphysical relationship with the landscape that the author observes. A bilingual text, this collection also navigates the power and instability of language, separation, and communion. This project struggles to interpret and memorialize all that has been ...


Improving Country And Destination Image Can Bring More American Tourists To Cuba, Suja Chaulagain, Jessica Wiitala, Xiaoxiao Fu 2020 University of Central Florida

Improving Country And Destination Image Can Bring More American Tourists To Cuba, Suja Chaulagain, Jessica Wiitala, Xiaoxiao Fu

Rosen Research Review

Country image, how an entire country is perceived by potential tourists, and the more specific destination image are important concepts in tourism marketing. They have a profound impact on a person's intent to travel to a particular destination. Suja Chaulagain, Jessica Wiitala and Xiaoxiao Fu of Rosen College of Hospitality Management have used the example of Cuba to examine the impact of country image and destination image on U.S. tourists' travel intentions. Their work provides guidance for Cuba's tourist marketing industry for attracting more tourists from the United States.


Black Catholicism: The Formation Of Local Religion In Colonial Mexico, Krystle F. Sweda 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Black Catholicism: The Formation Of Local Religion In Colonial Mexico, Krystle F. Sweda

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

“Black Catholicism: The Formation of Local Religion in Colonial Mexico” examines the emergence of Catholicism and its local expressions among Africans and their descendants in seventeenth-century New Spain. In that century, New Spain (the Spanish term for colonial Mexico) was home to the second largest enslaved population and the largest free black population in the Western Hemisphere. My research studies the intricate, generational process of Catholic conversion among Mexico’s black population and how that process affected the formation of local religion. Previous scholars have largely overlooked early Catholic efforts of African conversion in Latin America and presented Afro-Christianity as ...


"What Good Can There Be In This Kind Of Human?" Spanish Justification For The Conquest Of The Americas, Jack Pittenger 2020 Gettysburg College

"What Good Can There Be In This Kind Of Human?" Spanish Justification For The Conquest Of The Americas, Jack Pittenger

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

The Spanish conquest of the Americas was one of the most brutal episodes in human history. Entire cultures of American natives were suppressed, murdered, raped, and enslaved by Spanish conquistadors on an incessant quest for precious metals and other material wealth. The devastation wrought upon the natives was so great that some Spaniards felt that what they were doing violated God's will and was naturally and morally wrong, but they were vastly outnumbered. The majority saw it as their right, duty, and privilege to conquer and subject these millions of people to Spanish rule. Since they were trying to ...


The Question Of Morality In Relations Between The United States And Huerta's Government, Ashley Towle 2020 Gettysburg College

The Question Of Morality In Relations Between The United States And Huerta's Government, Ashley Towle

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

The presidency of General Victoriano Huerta was one of the darker times in the history of the Mexican Revolution. Often described as a ruthless dictator, Huerta went to extreme measures to maintain power, even going as far as to assassinate those who opposed his rule. Senator Belisario Dominguez was one of those men who opposed Huerta's right to the presidency, and was assassinated after speaking out against the dictator. The series of events following the senator's murder did not affect just Mexico; the repercussions of Huerta's actions were felt in Europe and the United States. As a ...


Marielle Franco, Rhaissa Sanches 2020 Arcadia University

Marielle Franco, Rhaissa Sanches

Faculty Curated Undergraduate Works

Marielle Franco was a Black, Brazilian activist (1979-2018) who rose from the favelas (poor areas) of Rio de Janeiro to be elected as a councilwoman in Rio's election of 2016. Franco was known for exposing the violence waged in the favelas by Brazil's military and police under the "pretense of maintaining law and order," as well as how the militia wields power over those who live in the favelas. In addition to detailing Franco's life, activism and death, this paper also explains the history and development of the favelas in Rio de Janeiro, as well as the ...


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