Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Political History Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3490 Full-Text Articles 1931 Authors 754762 Downloads 203 Institutions

All Articles in Political History

Faceted Search

3490 full-text articles. Page 1 of 76.

The Needed Man: The Evolution, Abandonment, And Resurrection Of The Roman Dictatorship, Mark B. Wilson 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Needed Man: The Evolution, Abandonment, And Resurrection Of The Roman Dictatorship, Mark B. Wilson

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Despite being an integral institution of the Roman state, employed frequently and routinely from the Republic’s earliest crises to the last days of the climactic fight with Hannibal, the Roman dictatorship is profoundly misunderstood. Perplexed by the idea of the Roman Republic—a state born out of the rejection of the preeminence of any one man—nonetheless investing the power of the state in a single unelected individual, and reacting to the anomalous first-century BCE dictatorships of Sulla and Caesar, both late-Republic historians and modern scholars have consistently described the office in ominous and fundamentally mythological terms that are ...


Girls Just Wanna Be President: How The History Of Female Presidential Candidates Affects Political Ambition And Engagement, KayCee Babb 2017 Boise State University

Girls Just Wanna Be President: How The History Of Female Presidential Candidates Affects Political Ambition And Engagement, Kaycee Babb

History Graduate Projects and Theses

Female political ambition drops around high school, none of the 45 presidents of the United States have been female, and the history of female presidential candidates is largely absent from public memory. This project examines the connection between social perceptions of political involvement and the history of female politicians by creating a resource website of female presidential candidates in the United States. The website is meant to encourage youth political engagement, specifically the engagement of middle school to college-aged female students to lower the gender gap of political ambition. Without representation within American politics, many young women are not inspired ...


William Walker And The Seeds Of Progressive Imperialism: The War In Nicaragua And The Message Of Regeneration, 1855-1860, John J. Mangipano 2017 The University of Southern Mississippi

William Walker And The Seeds Of Progressive Imperialism: The War In Nicaragua And The Message Of Regeneration, 1855-1860, John J. Mangipano

Dissertations

For a brief period of time, between 1855 and 1857, William Walker successfully portrayed himself to American audiences as the regenerator of Nicaragua. Though he arrived in Nicaragua in June 1855, with only fifty-eight men, his image as a regenerator attracted several-thousand men and women to join him in his mission to stabilize the region. Walker relied on both his medical studies as well as his experience in journalism to craft a message of regeneration that placated the anxieties that many Americans felt about the instability of the Caribbean. People supported Walker because he provided a strategy of regeneration that ...


Broken Glass: The Decline Of Corporate Paternalism And Welfare Capitalism, A Critical Analysis Of One Company’S Systematic Socio-Economic Metamorphosis, Doug Bruno 2017 Northern Michigan University

Broken Glass: The Decline Of Corporate Paternalism And Welfare Capitalism, A Critical Analysis Of One Company’S Systematic Socio-Economic Metamorphosis, Doug Bruno

Conspectus Borealis

No abstract provided.


Rasputin And The Fragmentation Of Imperial Russia, Jessie Radcliffe 2017 St. Mary's Academy

Rasputin And The Fragmentation Of Imperial Russia, Jessie Radcliffe

Young Historians Conference

In 1917 the Romanov Dynasty ended as did Imperial Russia. Faced with years of political, social and economic instability tracing back to the Revolution of 1905, it was only a matter of time before everything fell apart. This paper analyzes the role in which Gregory Rasputin played in further polarizing the many facets of Russian society and priming the country for the Revolution of 1917.


A Collaborative Work: The Role Of University Students And Dissidents In Czechoslovakia's Velvet Revolution, Milena Rogers 2017 Saint Mary's Academy

A Collaborative Work: The Role Of University Students And Dissidents In Czechoslovakia's Velvet Revolution, Milena Rogers

Young Historians Conference

The 1989 Velvet Revolution is fairly unknown against the tumultuous historical backdrop of the Communist controlled Eastern Bloc in the second half of the twentieth century. However, it is arguably one of the most important events in the history of Czechoslovakia and remains as a powerful testament of the power of the people. This paper explores the collaboration of university students and established intellectuals in the forty years that Czechoslovakia was controlled by the Soviets, and examines how a bloodless uprising removed one of the world’s greatest entities in a peaceful transfer of power.


The Communist Manifesto: A Case Study In The Class Politics Of Industrialization, Benjamin B. Goldberg 2017 Riverdale High School

The Communist Manifesto: A Case Study In The Class Politics Of Industrialization, Benjamin B. Goldberg

Young Historians Conference

Karl Marx is among the few historical figures whose influence was not fully apparent until after his death. When he penned his best-known work, The Communist Manifesto, “communism” was little more than a vague boogeyman employed by the political establishment of Europe to discredit movements among industrial laborers, but after he had long since passed, the students of his works, in the midst of World War I, seized power from the Tsar of Russia. Why the revolution occurred but the expected workers’ paradise failed to follow has been the subject of much debate. Opinions range from the White Russian view ...


Hitler, Anti-Semitism, And The Demise Of The Third Reich, Jacob T. Mach 2017 Cedarville University

Hitler, Anti-Semitism, And The Demise Of The Third Reich, Jacob T. Mach

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Adolf Hitler, the leader of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945, is most well-known for two particular political/societal standpoints: German nationalism, and namely, anti-Semitism. Hitler served as the chairman of the Nazi party from 1921 till its questionable rise as the dominant party in pre-war Germany. He then rose to the position of Chancellor, and ultimately, the Fuhrer. Historically, the Nazi Party was known for anti-Marxism (anti-communism), anti-capitalism, anti-democracy, and anti-Semitism. Hitler’s rise to power in the Nazi Party shifted the focus, drawing the party away from many of its foundational tenants. During the Second World War, the ...


Distinguishing Marks: The Politics Of The First Great Awakening, Amy C. Searl 2017 Cedarville University

Distinguishing Marks: The Politics Of The First Great Awakening, Amy C. Searl

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Few people spend much time thinking about the revivals of the 1700s on the American continent. Most Christians who do probably see the evangelical movement from about 1730 through the 1740s as a clear outpouring of God’s Spirit. In the heat of the moment, though, not all were convinced that the revivals were from God. The First Great Awakening challenged the traditional theology in the colonies, pushing boundaries and forcing churches to wrestle with new issues. The revivals started in local areas, but soon spread throughout the colonies. Without a doubt, the Great Awakening permanently altered the face of ...


Petty Passions, Nobler Actions, And Two Peculiar Institutions: Sectionalism, Partisanship, And The United States Senate, 1845-1850, Stanley G. Schwartz 2017 Cedarville University

Petty Passions, Nobler Actions, And Two Peculiar Institutions: Sectionalism, Partisanship, And The United States Senate, 1845-1850, Stanley G. Schwartz

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

The period from 1845-1850 was a critical moment in American history, as the question of the expansion of slavery into western territories battered the nation, turning a political system until then focused on issues of tariff and banking, to the decision of sectional and moral questions. Despite the emotion and danger of the time, the Senate, which ultimately decided the questions of slavery’s expansion, brokered the Compromise of 1850, a measure that stemmed the sectionalist fervor for a time. This was achieved only through the seasoned leadership and sacrifice of uniquely great American political leaders, overcoming complications of party ...


Connections Between The Niagara Movement, The N.A.A.C.P., And Alonzo Herndon’S Atlanta Life Insurance Company For The Purpose Of The Long Civil Rights Movement, Andrea DeSantis 2017 Georgia State University

Connections Between The Niagara Movement, The N.A.A.C.P., And Alonzo Herndon’S Atlanta Life Insurance Company For The Purpose Of The Long Civil Rights Movement, Andrea Desantis

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Hail To The Chief: Official Presidential Portraits And The Imagery Of The Private Individual In The Public Office, Erin Sinski 2017 Lynchburg College

Hail To The Chief: Official Presidential Portraits And The Imagery Of The Private Individual In The Public Office, Erin Sinski

Student Scholar Showcase

Much has been written about the presidency of the United States and the individuals that have inhabited its office. However, not much research has been dedicated to the presidential portraits that commemorate each president’s term served. Yet it is within the plane of a portrait that an artist has encapsulated the gargantuan nature of the public figure alongside the vulnerability of the private individual. Presidential portraits possess a psychological nature which creates a reciprocity between the viewer and the subject. Through all of this the presidential portrait has become a means for the American public to understand and recognize ...


Johnson’S War: How Vietnam Tarnished A Presidency, Patrick Lyons 2017 Salve Regina University

Johnson’S War: How Vietnam Tarnished A Presidency, Patrick Lyons

Pell Scholars and Senior Theses

This Senior History thesis entitled, Johnson's War: How Vietnam Tarnished a Presidency, dives into the controversial and often questioned success of Lyndon Johnson as President of the United States. Specifically, the Vietnam War and its harsh effect on Johnson and the United States is debated throughout. The context expresses how Johnson's presidency would forever be tarnished by the stain the Vietnam War has left in American history. The steps taken during the Johnson administration were proven to be quite harmful to his reputation and the success of the nation. The decisions made and consequences that came with the ...


Enlightenment, Latin America, Age Of Revolutions, Spanish America, Brazil, Katherine A. Lentz 2017 Gettysburg College

Enlightenment, Latin America, Age Of Revolutions, Spanish America, Brazil, Katherine A. Lentz

Student Publications

An essay analyzing the effect of Enlightenment thinking on the political and societal elite of the colonial Spanish and Portuguese Americas, and the subsequent colonial revolutions.


Visionaries In Opposition: Napoleon, Talleyrand, And The Future Of France, Seth J. Browner 2017 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut

Visionaries In Opposition: Napoleon, Talleyrand, And The Future Of France, Seth J. Browner

Senior Theses and Projects

This thesis is a study of the relationship between Napoleon and Talleyrand, the foreign minister. It examines their relationship from the vantage point of three key events: the coup of 18 Brumaire, the Strasbourg memorandum, and Talleyrand's resignation. Ultimately, this study finds that their relationship was troubled, and the falling out occurred because of a difference in their goals. Napoleon wanted to build an empire. Talleyrand wanted to reintegrate France into the system of European powers.


Taylor Studies, Teaches The History Of Civil Rights., Aldemaro Romero Jr. 2017 CUNY Bernard M Baruch College

Taylor Studies, Teaches The History Of Civil Rights., Aldemaro Romero Jr.

Publications and Research

For many, the era of the Civil Rights Movement belongs to the past, a time vaguely associated with hippies and protesters. However, in the last few months, we have seen both new and old grievances surfacing, whether regarding immigrants, women, ethnic minorities, or members of the LGBTQ group.

As the Spanish philosopher and Harvard professor Jorge Santayana once said, “Those who ignore the past are doomed to repeat it.” Therefore, it’s important to look at past struggles and ask ourselves whether there’s anything we can learn from them.


Chilean Coup – Un General Assembly Meeting Simulation Scenario And Background Readings, Kitty Lam 2017 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

Chilean Coup – Un General Assembly Meeting Simulation Scenario And Background Readings, Kitty Lam

Kitty Lam

This lesson plan for high school students in World History and United States History courses is related to Augusto Pinochet's 1973 coup d'etat in Chile. Students will simulate a fictitious United Nations General Assembly Meeting in December 1973 to address the crisis in Chile. This lesson is based on material from the CNN Cold War documentary series, episode 18 "Backyard" and primary source material from "Chile and the United States: Declassified Documents Relating to the Military Coup, September 11, 1973", National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 8, by Peter Kornbluh (http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB8/nsaebb8i ...


Content Matters--Teaching "The Case For Reparations," 9-12, Tamara Jaffe-Notier, Carol Friedman 2017 Niles West High School

Content Matters--Teaching "The Case For Reparations," 9-12, Tamara Jaffe-Notier, Carol Friedman

National Youth-At-Risk Conference Savannah

We offer specific materials and plans for teaching the structure and content of Ta-Nehisi Coates' persuasive essay, "The Case for Reparations," and building trustworthy relationships with and among students. By participating in this interactive session, you will practice teaching five specific high school appropriate lessons addressing requisite knowledge and skills for studying this essay, from real estate redlining to building academic vocabulary for rhetorical analysis.


Transformed: How Oregon's Public Health University Won Independence And Healed Itself, William Graves 2017 Pacific University

Transformed: How Oregon's Public Health University Won Independence And Healed Itself, William Graves

Pacific University Press

Oregon Health & Science University seemed stuck in the backwaters of the nation’s academic health centers when Dr. Peter Kohler became its president in 1988. Its hospital hemorrhaged money, served rusty water from its faucets, and sometimes forced women in its cramped maternity ward to deliver babies in hallways. Legislators proposed bills to close it. State support for the university was on the decline as was maintenance on its aging buildings. Roofs leaked, walls cracked, and researchers struggled in dark, ill-equipped labs. So Kohler and his young administrative team came up with a radical plan to help OHSU take control of its fate as a semi-independent public corporation. And they sold the plan to the Legislature and state leaders. Free from constraints of the state and its university system, the health center’s creative and entrepreneurial power exploded. Over the next two decades, OHSU more than doubled its research, clinical and classroom space; tripled its employees; quadrupled its research grants; and expanded its operating budget five-fold, reaching the top echelon of the nation’s medical research universities. This remarkable story offers a case study and possible model for other public universities and academic health centers now facing the same social and economic forces that drove OHSU to transform.

Alternate formats:

  • ISBN 978-0-9884827-9-1 (pbk)
  • ISBN 978-1-945398-94-0 (epub)
  • ISBN 978-1-945398-98-8 (hbk)


The Origins Of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights, James V. Spickard 2017 University of Redlands

The Origins Of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights, James V. Spickard

Working Papers

Presents the history of the 1948 adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, focusing on the prior status of human rights in international law and the cultural/ideological aspects of the debates surrounding its adoption. This chapter shows both the Western origin of the core human rights concepts and the positive-law nature of the Universal Declaration. it also shows that the cultural issues were present from the very start of the modern human rights era.


Digital Commons powered by bepress