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Full Issue: Volume 1, Issue 1, Editorial Board 2020 Swarthmore College

Full Issue: Volume 1, Issue 1, Editorial Board

Swarthmore Undergraduate History Journal

The first issue of the Swarthmore Undergraduate History Journal.


Shock And Awe, Sectarianism, And Violence In Iraq Post-2003, Sarim Al-Rawi 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Shock And Awe, Sectarianism, And Violence In Iraq Post-2003, Sarim Al-Rawi

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The violence systematically deployed upon the prosperous nation of Iraq in 2003 was directly influenced by the Shock and Awe doctrine set forth by Harlan K. Ullman and James P. Wade in their 1996 book Shock and Awe: Achieving Rapid Dominance. The experimental methods of warfare and violence outlined in the text describe methods for the systematic destruction of every major aspect of a nation and society, militarily, economically, and socially. In the wake of the US Invasion of Iraq, we saw the direct implementation of these methods by the occupation forces, setting off a brutal cycle of violence that ...


British Imperial Air Power: The Royal Air Forces And The Defense Of Australia And New Zealand Between The World Wars, Alex M. Spencer 2020 Purdue University

British Imperial Air Power: The Royal Air Forces And The Defense Of Australia And New Zealand Between The World Wars, Alex M. Spencer

Purdue University Press Book Previews

British Imperial Air Power examines the air defense of Australia and New Zealand during the interwar period. It also demonstrates the difficulty of applying new military aviation technology to the defense of the global Empire and provides insight into the nature of the political relationship between the Pacific Dominions and Britain. Following World War I, both Dominions sought greater independence in defense and foreign policy. Public aversion to military matters and the economic dislocation resulting from the war and later the Depression left little money that could be provided for their respective air forces. As a result, the Empire’s ...


Making Opportunity Out Of Chaos: The Misconceptions And Realities Of Republican-Era Warlord Governance, Zachary Clark 2020 The University of San Francisco

Making Opportunity Out Of Chaos: The Misconceptions And Realities Of Republican-Era Warlord Governance, Zachary Clark

Master's Projects and Capstones

Chinese history has largely been defined by a transition of power from one major imperial dynasty to another, separated by notable times of division such as the Warring States (475 BC-221 BC) and Three Kingdoms (220-280) periods. The early twentieth-century collapse of the Qing dynasty in 1912 is no exception to this historical trend and gave way to a twelve-year period termed the “Warlord Era.” Dating back to the 1960s, Western scholarly discourse argued that these warlords lacked the ideologies or visons to implement any changes outside of their own personal and political interests. This research contends that warlords were ...


Tinderbox: Danish-Russian Relations, 1989-2019, Maddy Ghose 2020 The University of San Francisco

Tinderbox: Danish-Russian Relations, 1989-2019, Maddy Ghose

Master's Theses

This thesis documents and analyzes the major trends of the military, political, economic, and cultural relationships between Denmark and Russia from 1989 to 2019. I document the relationship from the Danish perspective, using primary sources, with the aim to conduct analysis of Danish politicians’ speeches and activities during this period. The outcome is a comprehensive image of the Danish-Russian bilateral relationship at the present time. This relationship has fluctuated widely during the time period under study. Shared economic development interests in the 1990s contributed to a positive relationship; controversy surrounding the war in Chechnya and an assertive Danish prime minister ...


Sinnet, Edwin, 1827-1902 (Sc 3528), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2020 Western Kentucky University

Sinnet, Edwin, 1827-1902 (Sc 3528), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and typescript (Click on "Additional Files" below). Letter, 21 January 1862, written to his wife in Granville, Ohio, by Dr. Edwin Sinnet while serving as a surgeon with the 94th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. From Mill Springs Kentucky, he writes of the fate of the Confederate forces after the recent battle: their ill-advised attack from their winter quarters; their flight and abandonment of arms, equipment and horses; their burning of flatboats used to cross the Cumberland River; and the “bloody corpses” scattered across fields and roads. He tells of encountering a survivor still lying wounded on the battlefield.


Democracy Revoked: How Foreign Relations And Domestic Opinion Led To The Internment Of Japanese Americans During World War Ii, Claire Nakayama 2020 Trinity University

Democracy Revoked: How Foreign Relations And Domestic Opinion Led To The Internment Of Japanese Americans During World War Ii, Claire Nakayama

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

This research project aims to explore the internment of Japanese Americans during World War Two through the lens of intersecting pressures from both the American federal government, headed by the War Relocation Authority, and public opinion through media and pop culture. The paper illustrates how these factors culminated in the dissolution and seizure of personal freedoms and constitutional rights of a minority for the sake of national security. Through the discussion of pre-existing scholarship and primary sources ranging from government documents and newspapers to letters and memoirs, my research re-evaluates the causes of American paranoia at the time, as well ...


Requisitioned: American War Art Of The Second World War, Spenser Carroll-Johnson 2020 Chapman University

Requisitioned: American War Art Of The Second World War, Spenser Carroll-Johnson

War and Society (MA) Theses

The United States requisitioned artists to assist with military objectives and servicemen requisitioned art as a form of rhetoric. This research reexamines the role of “official artists” and thereby extends its definition to include the multitude of art they produced during the Second World War. The underpinnings of this thesis reside during the economic crises of the 1930s that brought about American emergency relief initiatives for artists under the direction of Holger Cahill and, by extension, Edward Bruce. For the first time in history, the American public engaged with state-sponsored art. Due to a symbiotic relationship that formed between the ...


Dilettantes Of War -The Impact And Importance Of A U.S. Tribal Engagement Strategy In Afghanistan, Fernando Pons 2020 Dominican University of California

Dilettantes Of War -The Impact And Importance Of A U.S. Tribal Engagement Strategy In Afghanistan, Fernando Pons

Humanities & Cultural Studies | Senior Theses

Since 2019, the Taliban and U.S currently engaged in peace talks, now is the time to reconsider the Tribal Engagement Strategy (TES) implemented by U.S Army Major Jim Gant in 2010-2012. The Impact and Importance of a U.S. Tribal Engagement Strategy in Afghanistan argues for the 2010-2012 successes of TES in Afghanistan and its potential future benefits for other regions.

Peace talks or troop reduction negotiations are not peace for the people of Afghanistan. Once the Taliban assumes control, establishing a new TES will lead to much needed security for the people of Afghanistan. After nineteen years ...


Douglas Macarthur's Nation-Building: The Reconstruction Of Japan, Carson Nathaniel Newman 2020 Liberty University

Douglas Macarthur's Nation-Building: The Reconstruction Of Japan, Carson Nathaniel Newman

Masters Theses

At the end of World War II, Japan was militarily and economically devastated; Hiroshima and Nagasaki were radiated ruins; and the people were on the brink of starvation. Japan’s situation in 1945 looked very bleak as its people slowly began to rebuild their lives and move past years of bloody war. Transforming Japan meant replacing a military state focused on expansion with a parliamentary democracy focused on economic prosperity through innovation, industry, and peace. The American occupation lasted eight years and by the 1960s the Japanese economy was well on its ways to becoming the third largest in the ...


Argumentative Synthesis Essay On Enhanced Interrogation Techniques, Gwendolyn D. Wheatley 2020 Cleveland State University

Argumentative Synthesis Essay On Enhanced Interrogation Techniques, Gwendolyn D. Wheatley

The Downtown Review

This essay discusses enhanced interrogation techniques. For reference, enhanced interrogation techniques are interrogation techniques that involve “physically coercive interventions” (Duke & Puyvelde, 2017). The U.S. government supported these techniques after the attacks on September 11, 2001. This essay argues that enhanced interrogation techniques should not be used in interrogations because they are unethical, ineffective, and negatively impact the mental health of the interrogators using these techniques. Additionally, the essay references articles on the varied viewpoints as well as explains information on these interrogation techniques. Also, the essay argues that enhanced interrogation techniques encourage people to be cruel and inhumane. Moreover ...


Creating The Warrior Mentality Through Chemical Influence: The Use Of Drugs In Warfare And Its Consequences, Michael Richardson 2020 Texas Tech University

Creating The Warrior Mentality Through Chemical Influence: The Use Of Drugs In Warfare And Its Consequences, Michael Richardson

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

How prevalent has the use of psychoactive substances been in warfare throughout history and what are the consequences of drug-fueled warfare? In conducting this research, I read several texts on not just the history of drugs in warfare, but also of the history of drugs in the context of globalization. When we hear the words "war" and "drugs" we automatically think of the War on Drugs. While the War on Drugs is a modern event, the presence of psychoactive substances in society and warfare has existed for millennia: from the use of opium mixed with wine in Ancient Greece to ...


Exploring War And Translation: A Lost German Soldier's Letter Home, Brian Herrmann 2020 Susquehanna University

Exploring War And Translation: A Lost German Soldier's Letter Home, Brian Herrmann

Senior Scholars Day

In summer 2019, a man named John Bleich loaned fifty-four pieces of correspondence from World War II to the Blough-Weis Library at Susquehanna University. The letters are written in German and are communication between a German Soldier on the Eastern Front, Adolf Lohmann, and his wife in western Germany, Maria Lohmann, along with some messages to friends and relatives. In 1944, Maria Lohmann is informed that Adolf Lohmann has gone missing. My research project investigates these letters as well as Lohmann’s disappearance. My translation of one of the letters into English gives voice, as it were, to a representative ...


The Cia On Canadian Defence Policy, J.L. Granatstein 2020 Wilfrid Laurier University

The Cia On Canadian Defence Policy, J.L. Granatstein

Canadian Military History

At the request of the Pentagon, in the spring of 1985 the Central Intelligence Agency prepared an assessment of Canadian defence policy. Brian Mulroney’s Progressive Conservatives had formed the government in the election of 4 September 1984 and, in the CIA’s view, the new administration was likely to be more interested in defence than the Liberals. Even so, the assessment observed that “Canadians generally think little about defense and when they do, reject outright the idea of giving defense priority over maintaining the social welfare system.”


Haskins, Lee Owsley, 1890-1964 (Sc 3525), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2020 Western Kentucky University

Haskins, Lee Owsley, 1890-1964 (Sc 3525), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3525. Letters to Captain Lee Owsley Haskins, written by his family in Bowling Green, Kentucky during his World War I military service. His father describes his business activities, discusses his son’s plans after the war, and reports in November 1918 of the ebbing of the influenza epidemic and the Board of Health’s plan to “lift the Ban.” His mother refers to his recent surgery, and his sister writes of the arrival of a troop train in Bowling Green and the soldiers’ march downtown for canteen service.


Pro-Confederate Sympathy And Its Results In Northern Kentucky, Joel Shutt 2020 Liberty University

Pro-Confederate Sympathy And Its Results In Northern Kentucky, Joel Shutt

Senior Honors Theses

During the Civil War, Kentucky was deeply divided in sentiment between Union and Confederate sympathies. Although these divides could be found anywhere, even within the smallest of towns, the population of some regions numerically favored one side or the other. Even so, there was always a vocal and active minority present, leading to political and even violent contention. This thesis seeks to understand the role that pro-Confederate sentiment played in northern Kentucky during the war. It will investigate how the region influenced the war and public sentiment statewide, and the nature of the conflict within. It will investigate geographic, social ...


Review Of "Progressives In Navy Blue: Maritime Strategy, American Empire, And The Transformation Of U.S. Naval Identity, 1873-1898" By Scott Mobley, Heather Venable 2020 Wilfrid Laurier University

Review Of "Progressives In Navy Blue: Maritime Strategy, American Empire, And The Transformation Of U.S. Naval Identity, 1873-1898" By Scott Mobley, Heather Venable

Canadian Military History

Review of Progressives in Navy Blue: Maritime Strategy, American Empire, and the Transformation of U.S. Naval Identity, 1873-1898 by Scott Mobley


Review Of "A Family Of Brothers: Soldiers Of The 26th New Brunswick Battalion In The Great War" By J. Brent Wilson, Samuel Titus 2020 Wilfrid Laurier University

Review Of "A Family Of Brothers: Soldiers Of The 26th New Brunswick Battalion In The Great War" By J. Brent Wilson, Samuel Titus

Canadian Military History

Review of A Family of Brothers: Soldiers of the 26th New Brunswick Battalion in the Great War by J. Brent Wilson


Review Of "Double Threat: Canadian Jews, The Military, And World War Ii" By Ellin Bessner, Andrew Theobald 2020 Wilfrid Laurier University

Review Of "Double Threat: Canadian Jews, The Military, And World War Ii" By Ellin Bessner, Andrew Theobald

Canadian Military History

Review of Double Threat: Canadian Jews, the Military, and World War II by Ellin Bessner


Review Of "Sam Steele: A Biography" By Rod Macleod, Richard Roy 2020 Wilfrid Laurier University

Review Of "Sam Steele: A Biography" By Rod Macleod, Richard Roy

Canadian Military History

Review of Sam Steele: A Biography by Rod Macleod


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