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Fernando Iii Y La Cruzada Hispánica, Carlos de Ayala Martínez 2017 Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

Fernando Iii Y La Cruzada Hispánica, Carlos De Ayala Martínez

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

The present article examines the relationship between Fernando III of Castile-León and the phenomenon of crusading in which he was an active and frequent participant. The study makes an in important contribution to wider discussions of crusading and holy war in Iberia in the period by its patient excavation of the papal and local diplomatic material and the major chronicles from the period. Taken together, the argument of the essay shows that, far from being a passive recipient of the crusading movement and its rhetoric, Fernando and his court participated in the discourse of crusading and employed it in a ...


The Geopolitics Of Rare Earth Elements: Emerging Challenge For U.S. National Security And Economics, Bert Chapman 2017 Purdue University

The Geopolitics Of Rare Earth Elements: Emerging Challenge For U.S. National Security And Economics, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Rare earth elements (REE) contain unique chemical and physical properties such as lanthanum, are found in small concentrations, need extensive precise processes to separate, and are critical components of modern technologies such as laser guidance systems, personal electronics such as IPhones, satellites, and military weapons systems as varied as Virginia-class fast attack submarines, DDG- 51 Aegis destroyers, the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, and precision guided munitions. The U.S. has some rare earth resources, but is heavily dependent on access to them from countries as varied as Afghanistan, Bolivia, and China. Losing access to these resources would have significant adverse ...


Bower, Robert Founer, 1823-1882 - Relating To (Sc 3157), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2017 Western Kentucky University

Bower, Robert Founer, 1823-1882 - Relating To (Sc 3157), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3157. Letter, 1 February 1878 to Robert F. Bower, Keokuk, Iowa, from the U. S. War Department with information about his service in the Mexican War; letter, 29 May 1882, to Bower’s widow from the National Association of Veterans of the Mexican War acknowledging his death and advising that pending legislation will entitle her to a pension.


Geopolitics Of Rare Earth Elements, Bert Chapman 2017 Purdue University

Geopolitics Of Rare Earth Elements, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Rare earth elements (REE) contain unique chemical physical properties such as lanthamum, are found in small concentrations, need extensive precise properties to separate, and are critical components of modern technologies such as laser guidance systems, personal electronics such as IPhones, satellites, and military weapons systems as varied as Virginia-class fast attack submarines, DDG-51 Aegis destroyers, the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, and precision guided munitions. The U.S. has some rare earth resources, but is heavily dependent on access to them from countries as varied as Afghanistan, Bolivia, and China. Losing access to these resources would have significant adverse economic, military ...


The Duration Of Sub-Saharan African Civil Armed Conflict Episodes, Christian Ilunga-Matthiesen 2017 Eastern Illinois University

The Duration Of Sub-Saharan African Civil Armed Conflict Episodes, Christian Ilunga-Matthiesen

The Eastern Illinois University Political Science Review

The socio-economic question which this study intends to answer is one of global relevance. For quite some time now, civil wars on the African continent have been a major source of economic and social destruction resulting in excessive human suffering. The primary objective of this study will constitute the analysis of 32 armed conflict episodes across 17 countries between 1990 and 2014 throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Armed conflicts will be defined as the following: “a contested incompatibility that concerns government and/or territory where the use of armed force between two parties, of which at least one is the government of ...


Hebron, John L., 1842-1914 (Sc 3154), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2017 Western Kentucky University

Hebron, John L., 1842-1914 (Sc 3154), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and full-text typescript of letter (Click on "Additional Files" below) for Manuscripts Small Collection 3154. Letter, 26 October 1861, to his mother from John L. Hebron, serving with the 2nd Ohio Infantry at Camp Leslie Combs, West Liberty, Kentucky. He describes a recent engagement with Confederate troops, reports on the killed, wounded and local conditions in the aftermath, and criticizes Confederate battle skills. Expecting to spend the winter at Camp Dennison, Ohio, he expresses satisfaction with his warm clothing but complains of the lack of overcoats.


Part 6: Miscellaneous And Bibliography, Jack L. Dickinson 2017 Marshall University

Part 6: Miscellaneous And Bibliography, Jack L. Dickinson

C.S.S. Alabama: An Illustrated History

The Alabama claims were a diplomatic dispute between the United States and Great Britain that arose out of the U.S. Civil War. The peaceful resolution of these claims 7 years after the war ended set an important precedent for solving serious international disputes through arbitration, and laid the foundation for greatly improved relations between Britain and the United States.


Part 5: Exploration & Excavation, Jack L. Dickinson 2017 Marshall University

Part 5: Exploration & Excavation, Jack L. Dickinson

C.S.S. Alabama: An Illustrated History

During June and July 2001, the American CSS Alabama Association and the French Association CSS Alabama carried out an archaeological investigation of the remains of the Confederate commerce raider CSS Alabama. Under the direction of Dr. Gordon P. Watts Jr., American and French archaeologists, French volunteer divers and French Navy personnel cooperated in an examination of the wreck that took place between 6 June and 4 July. Objectives for the investigation included video and 35mm photographic documentation of the wreck, limited test excavation in the officer’s quarters and recovery of selected artifacts exposed on the bottom surface. Unfortunately the ...


Part 4: Battle With Uss Kearsarge, Jack L. Dickinson 2017 Marshall University

Part 4: Battle With Uss Kearsarge, Jack L. Dickinson

C.S.S. Alabama: An Illustrated History

“June 19: Lying off Cherbourg. Moderate breeze from the westward. At 10:20 am discovered the Alabama steaming out of the port of Cherbourg, accompanied by a French ironclad steamer and a fore-and-aft rigged steamer, showing the white English ensign. Beat to general quarters and cleared for action. Steamed ahead, standing offshore, being distant from land about 2 leagues; altered our course and approached the Alabama."

Official Records of Union and Confederate Navies, I, 3, p.64.


Part 3: Cruise Of The Alabama, Jack L. Dickinson 2017 Marshall University

Part 3: Cruise Of The Alabama, Jack L. Dickinson

C.S.S. Alabama: An Illustrated History

“The Alabama was built for speed rather than battle. Her lines were symmetrical and fine; her material of the best. In fifteen minutes her propeller could be hoisted, and she could go through every evolution under sail without any impediment. In less time her propeller could be lowered; with sails furled, and yards braced within two points of a headwind, she was a perfect steamer. Her speed, independent, was from ten to twelve knots; combined, and under favorable circumstances, she could make fifteen knots. When ready for sea she drew fifteen feet of water.”

Century Magazine, 31, April 1886, p ...


Part 2: Officers And Crew, Jack L. Dickinson 2017 Marshall University

Part 2: Officers And Crew, Jack L. Dickinson

C.S.S. Alabama: An Illustrated History

During the Civil War naval officers were divided into four categories for purposes of berthing and messing aboard ship: cabin, wardroom, steerage, and forward officers. The captain had a private state room, and higher ranking officers had small cabins, while lower ranks only had individual lockers. This was the arrangement of the officers of the CSS Alabama.


Part 1: Building Ship No. 290, Jack L. Dickinson 2017 Marshall University

Part 1: Building Ship No. 290, Jack L. Dickinson

C.S.S. Alabama: An Illustrated History

Classified as a bark-rigged sloop-of-war known as “hull 290,” built by Laird Shipbuilders in England, launched 15 May 1862.


The Call To End Conscription, Commission for Justice and Peace 2017 Columbia College Chicago

The Call To End Conscription, Commission For Justice And Peace

End Conscription Campaign

A pamphlet with the statement by the South African Catholic Bishops Conference explaining its call to end conscription.


Fast For A Just Peace, End Conscription Campaign 2017 Columbia College Chicago

Fast For A Just Peace, End Conscription Campaign

End Conscription Campaign

A pamphlet explaining the End Conscription Campaign’s “Troops out of the Townships” campaign and three week fast. Includes biographies of conscientious objectors, Ivan Toms, Harold Winkler, and Richard Steele.


Deciding About The Army? Conscription Counselling Service, Conscription Counselling Service 2017 Columbia College Chicago

Deciding About The Army? Conscription Counselling Service, Conscription Counselling Service

End Conscription Campaign

A pamphlet from the Conscription Counselling Service explaining the options for citizens in South Africa who are called to report for national service in the South Africa Defence Force.


Don't Give A War Toy This Christmas, End Conscription Campaign 2017 Columbia College Chicago

Don't Give A War Toy This Christmas, End Conscription Campaign

End Conscription Campaign

A flyer from the End Conscription Campaign advocating against the purchase of children’s toys that resemble weapons for Christmas.


Count The Cost Of War, End Conscription Campaign 2017 Columbia College Chicago

Count The Cost Of War, End Conscription Campaign

End Conscription Campaign

A flyer from the End Conscription Campaign addressing the monetary and emotional costs of the South African Defence Force’s efforts.


Rock Against The War, End Conscription Campaign 2017 Columbia College Chicago

Rock Against The War, End Conscription Campaign

End Conscription Campaign

A flyer promoting an event sponsored by the End Conscription Campaign.


What Has The Cost Of The War To Do With The Price Of Eggs?, End Conscription Campaign 2017 Columbia College Chicago

What Has The Cost Of The War To Do With The Price Of Eggs?, End Conscription Campaign

End Conscription Campaign

A flyer from the End Conscription Campaign advocating against military spending and a reallocation of those funds to agricultural efforts due to malnutrition and hunger for South African children.


End Conscription Campaign, End Conscription Campaign 2017 Columbia College Chicago

End Conscription Campaign, End Conscription Campaign

End Conscription Campaign

A flyer explaining the beliefs and positions of the End Conscription Campaign.


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