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Full Issue: Volume 1, Issue 1, Editorial Board 2020 Swarthmore College

Full Issue: Volume 1, Issue 1, Editorial Board

Swarthmore Undergraduate History Journal

The first issue of the Swarthmore Undergraduate History Journal.


Bloodied Hearts And Bawdy Planets: Greco-Roman Astrology And The Regenerative Force Of The Feminine In Shakespeare’S The Winter’S Tale, Christina E. Farella 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Bloodied Hearts And Bawdy Planets: Greco-Roman Astrology And The Regenerative Force Of The Feminine In Shakespeare’S The Winter’S Tale, Christina E. Farella

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This thesis offers a new reading of William Shakespeare’s late play The Winter’s Tale (1623), positing that in order to understand this complex and eccentric work, we must read it with a complex and eccentric eye. In The Winter’s Tale, planets strike without warning, pulling at hearts, wombs, and blood, impacting the health and emotional experience of characters in the play. This work is renowned for its inconsistent formal structure; the first half is a tragedy set in winter, but abruptly shifts to a comedy set in spring/summer in its latter half. What’s more, is ...


Devotional Literature Of The Prophet Muhammad In South Asia, Zahra F. Syed 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Devotional Literature Of The Prophet Muhammad In South Asia, Zahra F. Syed

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Many Sufi poets are known for their literary masterpieces that combine the tropes of love, religion, and the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). In a thorough analysis of these works, readers find that not only were these prominent authors drawing from Sufi ideals to venerate the Prophet, but also outputting significant propositions and arguments that helped maintain the preservation of Islamic values, and rebuild Muslim culture in a South Asian subcontinent that had been in a state of colonization for centuries. The continued practice of both ritualistic and literary veneration of the Prophet became a key factor in this preservation and rejuvenation ...


The Seventy-Weeks Prophecy Of Daniel 9:24–27 And First-Century Ad Jewish Messianic Expectation, David J. Hamstra 2020 Andrews University

The Seventy-Weeks Prophecy Of Daniel 9:24–27 And First-Century Ad Jewish Messianic Expectation, David J. Hamstra

Andrews University Seminary Student Journal

For Christians who interpret the seventy weeks of Daniel 9:24–27 by correlating the coming of the messiah with the arrival of Jesus Christ, the question of whether Jesus could have been identified as the predicted messiah at the time of fulfillment is theologically significant given biblical claims of prophetic intelligibility. There is a consensus among scholars affirming the view that interpretation of the seventy-weeks prophecy led to a climate of messianic expectation among certain sectors of first-century Jewish society. This position is supported by the explicit connection of the seventy weeks to the anticipated arrival of a messiah ...


Eucharist As Sacrifice: A Study Into The Development Of The Eucharist As A Sacrifice Of The Believer In The First And Second Centuries, David Williams 2020 Andrews University

Eucharist As Sacrifice: A Study Into The Development Of The Eucharist As A Sacrifice Of The Believer In The First And Second Centuries, David Williams

Andrews University Seminary Student Journal

The sacrifice of the believer at the Eucharist can nowhere be found in the Adventist understanding of the Lord’s Supper. However, Adventists may find value in reexamining the early church’s teachings on sacrifice. While the early church deviated from Scripture in its primary teachings on the Eucharist, they maintained the scriptural notion of the spiritual sacrifice of the worshiper— something Adventists would do well to practice. This article examines the liturgical orders and teachings of the apostolic fathers, apologists, and early liturgical orders of the first and second centuries. The author considers four major issues relating to the ...


A Review Of The Historical Roots Of The Union Conference Organizational Structure In The Seventh-Day Adventist Church And Inter-Structural Accountability, Eric Louw 2020 Andrews University

A Review Of The Historical Roots Of The Union Conference Organizational Structure In The Seventh-Day Adventist Church And Inter-Structural Accountability, Eric Louw

Andrews University Seminary Student Journal

Over the last few years, a debate regarding the inter-structural relationship of each level of the Seventh-day Adventist Church has grown to the point where it can be polarizing, regardless of which side of the debate one is on. This tension has likely come about, at least in part, as a response to the ongoing gender role debate, which has given rise to the emergence of an “us vs. them” mentality between those who agree and disagree with the decisions of the General Conference Sessions and its Executive Committee. This paper looks at some of the historical data related to ...


Adventism In East Africa: Were The Initial Mission Strategies Effective?, Christopher R. Mwashinga 2020 Andrews University

Adventism In East Africa: Were The Initial Mission Strategies Effective?, Christopher R. Mwashinga

Andrews University Seminary Student Journal

The Seventh-day Adventist Church (SDA) is one of the fastest-growing Christian denominations in the world. Studies show that the SDA Church in Africa in general and East Africa, in particular, has recorded tremendous growth since it was introduced in the region in the early 1900s. This article surveys the first fifty years of the beginning and development of the SDA Church in East African (1903–1953). It focuses on the three initial mission strategies employed by early Adventist missionaries to East Africa, including education, medical care, and publishing work. Early Adventist missionaries to East Africa established educational and medical institutions ...


Dream Visions As A Safe Space For Purgatorial Speculation, Tucker Douglass 2020 Ouachita Baptist University

Dream Visions As A Safe Space For Purgatorial Speculation, Tucker Douglass

History Class Publications

People have believed in something like purgatory for thousands of years. Their specific ideas reflect their cultural environments and their personal feelings about the human condition. By looking at the dream vision genre over the past 2,000 years we may get a better idea of the development of the doctrine of purgatory and, with it, how people have understood themselves in history.


The Transition Of Guanyin: Reinterpreting Queerness And Buddha Nature In Medieval East Asia, Robert Wilf 2020 Ursinus College

The Transition Of Guanyin: Reinterpreting Queerness And Buddha Nature In Medieval East Asia, Robert Wilf

Religious Studies Honors Papers

Avalokitesvara, better known by the Chinese name of Guanyin, is perhaps the second most pervasive figure in all of Buddhism after the historical Buddha himself. Part of this popularity comes from his adaptability and willingness to change to order to save everyone, no matter what part of society they might be from. It is thanks to this adaptability that Guanyin’s iconography varies wildly by region, with much of Theravada and tantric Buddhism depicting him as a man, while Mahayana Buddhism tends to revere her as the patron of women. From their earliest description, Guanyin was known to transcend boundaries ...


David Hume, "The Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion," And Religious Tolerance, Jarrett Delozier 2020 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

David Hume, "The Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion," And Religious Tolerance, Jarrett Delozier

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Non-Muslim Integration Into The Early Islamic Caliphate Through The Use Of Surrender Agreements, Rachel Hutchings 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Non-Muslim Integration Into The Early Islamic Caliphate Through The Use Of Surrender Agreements, Rachel Hutchings

History Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this honors thesis, I discuss the role of surrender agreements in the early Islamic caliphate and their evolution through the ninth century. Seen as a window into the developing relations between Muslims and non-Muslims, surrender agreements shed considerable light on the evolving conceptualization of non-Muslims’ place in dar al-Islam from the point of view of Islamic legal tradition and political theory. By defining the relationship between Muslims and non-Muslims in a framework that was agreed on by all parties and one that preserved the basic rights of non-Muslims, these agreements were remarkably effective in facilitating the incorporation of non-Muslims ...


The Legacy Of Jesse Mercer: His Influence On Journalism And Education As Components Of Religious Journalism, Madilyn Grace Harrell 2020 Mercer University

The Legacy Of Jesse Mercer: His Influence On Journalism And Education As Components Of Religious Journalism, Madilyn Grace Harrell

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

By analyzing religious journalism under the influence of Jesse Mercer as a defender of religious liberty and looking at how his impact on religious journalism provoked journalism and education, the future of the topic can be discussed and better understood. Based on evidence of religious journalism in Georgia from Mercer to today, there are positives and negatives that will affect religious journalism in the future. The goal of the project is to report on Jesse Mercer as a pioneer of religious journalism and to give a history of his legacy. I will present the findings of my research in order ...


Modern Yoga In America, Emily Parkinson Perry 2020 Utah State University

Modern Yoga In America, Emily Parkinson Perry

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Yoga’s immense growth and popularity during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, along with its proliferation into countless varieties and styles, presents teachers, students, and scholars with the question: “What is yoga?” Answering this question requires the investigation of a number of cultural, historical and philosophical tensions at play in modern expressions of this ancient tradition: (1) Is modern postural yoga (MPY)—the yoga widely practiced in studios across the country today—an authentic expression of yoga or is it simply another form of physical fitness? (2) Does the modern focus on the physical dimension of yoga forsake its original ...


Fighting For Religious Freedom; Muhammad Ali And His Battle Against The U.S. Supreme Court, Jessica Wakelin 2020 William & Mary

Fighting For Religious Freedom; Muhammad Ali And His Battle Against The U.S. Supreme Court, Jessica Wakelin

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis explores Muhammad Ali's 1971 draft evasion court case and the implications that his religion, race/views on racial issues, and surveillance by the FBI had on judicial proceedings. The Supreme Court was tasked with determining the sincerity of Ali's religious convictions and therefore if his claim to conscientiously object to war was valid. The combination of the different facets of Ali's identity tested the court's ability to be objective and thus, this thesis argues, his access to constitutionally granted religious freedoms were restricted.


Changing Notions Of Identity: Transformations In Jewish Self-Identification Before, During, And After The American Civil War, Heather Byrum 2020 William & Mary

Changing Notions Of Identity: Transformations In Jewish Self-Identification Before, During, And After The American Civil War, Heather Byrum

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Jewish self-identification underwent an enormous transformation from the 1840s to the early 1900s, largely due to the American Civil War. Jews went from people living in America to Jewish Americans that were here permanantly.


An Analysis Of The Debate Over Creation, Evolution, And The Timeline Of The Universe At An Ecumenical Christian University, Mason Pohlman 2020 Belmont University

An Analysis Of The Debate Over Creation, Evolution, And The Timeline Of The Universe At An Ecumenical Christian University, Mason Pohlman

Honors Theses

Throughout a significant portion of history and within modern culture, the fields of science and religion appear to be competing for the same holds in a person’s belief system. Universities are where academics and the sciences are the prevailing held truth, while in churches, the Bible reigns as supreme authority. However, in a Christian academic setting, the predominate school of thought in belief systems might turn into a little more of a melting pot. By analyzing gathered personal data (via surveys and interviews), one can begin to piece together the predominate thoughts on the apparent conflict between religion and ...


Between The Judean Desert And Gaza: Asceticism And The Monastic Communities Of Palestine In The Sixth Century, Austin McCray 2020 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Between The Judean Desert And Gaza: Asceticism And The Monastic Communities Of Palestine In The Sixth Century, Austin Mccray

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The dissertation focuses on the religious culture of Christian monasticism in sixth-century Palestine. Rather than see the monastic communities of the Judean Desert, just to the east of Jerusalem, and those around Gaza as two independent monastic regions, as much scholarship has done, the dissertation focuses on the common threads that can be seen in the monastic teachings and idealized ascetic practices in the literature of the area. This dissertation reveals ways to redefine the boundaries between the monastic communities of Palestine during the sixth century as well as emphasizes the continuities between the monks of the Judean Desert and ...


A Universal Message: Pope John Xxiii On International Order In The Postwar World, Joseph E. Esparza 2020 California State University, San Marcos

A Universal Message: Pope John Xxiii On International Order In The Postwar World, Joseph E. Esparza

Armstrong Undergraduate Journal of History

Pope John XXIII’s 1963 encyclical Pacem in terris encapsulates the church’s vision and teaching for international society. This work attempts to explain and trace the origins of these teachings and demonstrate their evolution over the period in responding to contemporary societal questions. Steeped in a natural law theory revived by philosopher Jacques Maritain, co-author of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, this paper examines Pope John XXIII’s influences and responses to internationalism and world peace after World War II.


Psalmody, Shape Notes, And Sankey: The Evolution Of Protestant American Hymnody In The 19th Century, Paul T. Anderson 2020 Harding University

Psalmody, Shape Notes, And Sankey: The Evolution Of Protestant American Hymnody In The 19th Century, Paul T. Anderson

Tenor of Our Times

With improvements in the lyrics, rhythms, emotional appeal, and overall quality of hymns, nineteenth century Protestant American hymnody evolved from crude psalmody to gospel songs with influences from the American frontier, new denominations, and the African-American spiritual. By examining the general trends in Christian singing in the 1800's, a better understanding can be had of the origins of popular church music today.


Gems Of Gods And Mortals: The Changing Symbolism Of Pearls Throughout The Roman Empire, Emily Hallman 2020 Savannah College of Art and Design

Gems Of Gods And Mortals: The Changing Symbolism Of Pearls Throughout The Roman Empire, Emily Hallman

Armstrong Undergraduate Journal of History

Born in the wombs of shells and polished by mother nature herself, pearls were regarded as gifts from the gods. For millennia, the creation of pearls was credited to the tears of heavenly creatures or the formation of sun-touched dewdrops. Countless civilizations, both Western and Non-Western, have their own myths and legends surrounding the pearl, a mark of their mysterious allure. The artform of jewelry, favored by the Roman aristocracy, took advantage of naturally perfected pearls to create stunning pieces with staggering prices. The pearl’s meaning evolved throughout the Roman Empire and into Early Christian Rome, setting up a ...


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