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A Study Of The United States Influence On German Eugenics., Cameron Williams 2020 East Tennessee State University

A Study Of The United States Influence On German Eugenics., Cameron Williams

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis is a study of the influence and effects that the United States had upon Germany from the rise of eugenics to its fall following the end of World War II. There are three stages to this study. First, I examine the rise of eugenics in the United States from its inception to the end of World War I and the influence it had upon Germany. Then I examine the interwar era along with the popularization of eugenics within both countries before concluding with the Second World War and post war era.

My thesis focuses on both the active ...


Full Issue: Volume 1, Issue 1, Editorial Board 2020 Swarthmore College

Full Issue: Volume 1, Issue 1, Editorial Board

Swarthmore Undergraduate History Journal

The first issue of the Swarthmore Undergraduate History Journal.


The Found World: The Role Of Findability In The History Of Botany, Douglas Tuers 2020 University of South Carolina - Columbia

The Found World: The Role Of Findability In The History Of Botany, Douglas Tuers

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

This study will investigate how a community of botanists used the findability inherent in botanical localities to rediscover species that were previously lost to botany. This article will look at the literature that announced the rediscovery of three species in the vicinity of White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia. These species are Heuchera hispida, Phlox buckleyi, and Gaylussacia brachycera. These three plants were rediscovered over a short period of time, about 13 years from 1919 to 1932. This study will draw from the announcement of these rediscoveries. In each of these cases there was a surrounding literature that preceded or followed ...


The History Of The Dental Profession - From Ancient Origins To Modern Day, Steven A. Kezian 2020 University of Pacific

The History Of The Dental Profession - From Ancient Origins To Modern Day, Steven A. Kezian

Pacific Journal of Health

Abstract:

This research paper explores some of the earliest known evidences of dental treatment and traveled through time discussing important figures who made vital contributions toward the development of this profession.

Dentistry is one of the oldest professions to be developed. Ever since there have been humans, there have been problems with our teeth, and we have been figuring out ways to alleviate them. The idea that there were people specializing in the healing of the teeth and oral diseases has roots to ancient pre-history and a long and fascinating saga.

This history is divided into five stages:

-Ancient pre-history ...


Giving The Body A Voice: Dance As Illness Narrative, Ana Worthington 2020 Wake Forest University

Giving The Body A Voice: Dance As Illness Narrative, Ana Worthington

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

While dance historically functioned as an art form designed to portray the virtuosity of the dancer, in the 1990s, many choreographers began choreographing pieces that rather conveyed the vulnerable human experiences of illness and even death. This research paper examines the historical factors that inspired the incorporation of illness narratives into concert dance, such as the AIDS epidemic of the 1980s, and discusses key dance pieces performed in the 1990s to explore how, by incorporating illness narratives into their work, choreographers provided vital contributions to the conversation between the arts, medicine, and the developing field of narrative medicine. By incorporating ...


The Science That Will Save The World: Tektological Practice For The Coming Storm, Remi Debs Bruno 2020 Community College of Baltimore County

The Science That Will Save The World: Tektological Practice For The Coming Storm, Remi Debs Bruno

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Alexander Bogdanov, a Russian physicist, philosopher of science, and Old Bolshevik who strove to devolve scientific knowledge from its rarified perch amongst the 'intelligentsiya' to the level of mass engagement originated what has since been developed into systems theory. The conjuncture between Bogdanov's Tektology (meaning, roughly, "the universal science of organization", which was later developed into the field of cybernetics and complexity theory) and a universalizable approach to ecology is a fecund terrain containing, this presentation will argue, the seeds of a revolutionary approach to the existential impasses of the Anthropocene-- those interposed amongst social formations as well as ...


From Fields To Factories: The Industrialization Of The United States’ Cattle Industry, Joseph Petersen 2020 Dominican University of California

From Fields To Factories: The Industrialization Of The United States’ Cattle Industry, Joseph Petersen

History | Senior Theses

This paper will look at the changes of the United States of America's cattle and beef industry from the 19th into the 21st century. It will also show how the industry has evolved into its current state and predict the changes to come. This paper will be evaluating how technology and equipment have changed the traditional farming and ranch lifestyles. While also breaking down the economies from pre-industrial times into modern day. This paper will also explore the effect that technology, equipment, ranching styles, labor and financial changes had on the cattle and beef industry. Finally, this paper will ...


Nicaragua's Response To Covid-19 – Authors' Reply, Mateo Jarquin, Andrea M. Prado, Benjamin Gallo Marin 2020 Chapman University

Nicaragua's Response To Covid-19 – Authors' Reply, Mateo Jarquin, Andrea M. Prado, Benjamin Gallo Marin

History Faculty Articles and Research

An author's to John Perry's commentary ("Nicaragua's Response to COVID-19"), which was itself written in response to Mather, Gallo Marin, Medina Perez, et al.'s "Love in the Time of COVID-19: Negligence in the Nicaraguan Response". Original article: Salazar Mather TP, Gallo Marin B, Medina Perez G, et al. Love in the time of COVID-19: negligence in the Nicaraguan response. The Lancet Global Health. 2020;8(6):e773. doi:10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30131-5 Perry's commentary: Perry J. Nicaragua’s response to COVID-19. The Lancet Global Health. Published online April 2020. doi:10.1016/S2214-109X(20 ...


The Führer Of All Maladies: Cancer And The Utility Of Metaphors For Its "Independence," Under The Nazi Regime, Jill Jones 2020 Duke University

The Führer Of All Maladies: Cancer And The Utility Of Metaphors For Its "Independence," Under The Nazi Regime, Jill Jones

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Work in science studies has demonstrated that metaphors construct a cognitive framework for making sense both of diseases and of new scientific research. In her 1978 book, "Illness as Metaphor," Susan Sontag argued that the dominant metaphor for cancer has ultimately become one of war; cancer cells do not just "multiply", they are invasive, and cancer patients do not just "heal", they "fight a battle". However, this war metaphor for cancer was not always and everywhere so ubiquitous. In the Third Reich, for example, Nazi scientists discussed cancer in terms of independent agency; cancer cells were viewed not on equal ...


280— Exploring The Geographic Distribution Of Childbed Fever Deaths In Mid-19th Century Rochester, Ny, Meaghan Parks 2020 SUNY Geneseo

280— Exploring The Geographic Distribution Of Childbed Fever Deaths In Mid-19th Century Rochester, Ny, Meaghan Parks

GREAT Day

Childbed fever, formally called puerperal fever or puerperal septicemia, is an infection typically contracted by women after childbirth. Historically, childbed fever was a serious threat to maternal health. Childbed fever is caused by exposure of open wounds or abrasions, which are common after giving birth, to group A and B Streptococcal bacteria. Ignaz Semmelweis discovered that hand washing using a chlorinated solution reduced cases of childbed fever in 1847. This project reviews the instances of death from childbed fever in Rochester, New York from 1837-1860 and later from 1907-1919 and attempts to determine which areas of the city had the ...


Evolutionary Bioethics Advanced By Ernest Everett Just: Implications For Biology, Ethics, And Theology, Theodore Walker 2020 Southern Methodist University

Evolutionary Bioethics Advanced By Ernest Everett Just: Implications For Biology, Ethics, And Theology, Theodore Walker

Perkins Faculty Research and Special Events

Ernest Everett Just (1883-1941) is an acknowledged “pioneer” in biology, being honored with a Black Heritage postage stamp in 1996. Here we discover that Just also made pioneering contributions to general evolutionary bioethics (distinct from special medical bioethics) by advancing a cell-biology-rooted theory of the origin and continuing evolution of ethical behavior influenced by the “law of environmental dependence.”

See especially “The Origin of Man’s Ethical Behavior (1941, unpublished book manuscript) by Ernest Everett Just and Hedwig Schnetzler Just, discovered in 2018 among the collected papers of E.E. Just at the Moorland-Spingarn Research Center at Howard University.

Accordingly ...


An Analysis Of The Debate Over Creation, Evolution, And The Timeline Of The Universe At An Ecumenical Christian University, Mason Pohlman 2020 Belmont University

An Analysis Of The Debate Over Creation, Evolution, And The Timeline Of The Universe At An Ecumenical Christian University, Mason Pohlman

Honors Theses

Throughout a significant portion of history and within modern culture, the fields of science and religion appear to be competing for the same holds in a person’s belief system. Universities are where academics and the sciences are the prevailing held truth, while in churches, the Bible reigns as supreme authority. However, in a Christian academic setting, the predominate school of thought in belief systems might turn into a little more of a melting pot. By analyzing gathered personal data (via surveys and interviews), one can begin to piece together the predominate thoughts on the apparent conflict between religion and ...


Teaching And Testing Textual Analysis In Reacting To The Past: Thucydides And Jigsaw Method Discussion, Cary Barber 2020 California State University, San Bernardino

Teaching And Testing Textual Analysis In Reacting To The Past: Thucydides And Jigsaw Method Discussion, Cary Barber

Q2S Enhancing Pedagogy

The activity this work presents is designed to both strengthen and evaluate students’ ability to think critically about ancient texts within a Reacting to the Past gaming environment (specifically in the game ‘The Threshold of Democracy: Athens in 403 B.C.’). The activity is part of a preliminary set of assignments meant to improve students’ sense of the game’s historical, social, political, economic, and religious context. Moreover, the activity helps to ensure that students can incorporate texts appropriately into speeches, writings, and general gameplay.

Using the Jigsaw Method of discussion, I organize students into ‘numbered’ (I, II, III, etc ...


Love In The Time Of Covid-19: Negligence In The Nicaraguan Response, Thais P. Salazer Mather, Benjamin Gallo Marin, Giancarlo Medina Perez, Briana Christophers, Marcelo L. Paiva, Rocío Oliva, Baraa A. Hijaz, Andrea M. Prado, Mateo C. Jarquín, Katelyn Moretti, Catalina González Marqués, Alejandro Murillo, Elizabeth Tobin-Tyler 2020 Office of Medical Education and Continuous Quality Improvement

Love In The Time Of Covid-19: Negligence In The Nicaraguan Response, Thais P. Salazer Mather, Benjamin Gallo Marin, Giancarlo Medina Perez, Briana Christophers, Marcelo L. Paiva, Rocío Oliva, Baraa A. Hijaz, Andrea M. Prado, Mateo C. Jarquín, Katelyn Moretti, Catalina González Marqués, Alejandro Murillo, Elizabeth Tobin-Tyler

History Faculty Articles and Research

"The response of the Nicaraguan government to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been perhaps the most erratic of any country in the world to date. Directly contradicting mitigation strategies recommended by WHO, President Daniel Ortega has refused to encourage any physical distancing measures. Vice President Rosario Murillo (Daniel Ortega's wife) instead called on thousands of sympathisers to congregate in street marches under the slogan 'love in the time of COVID-19'. By downplaying the danger of the pandemic and increasing the risk of community transmission in the second-poorest country in the western hemisphere, the Nicaraguan government is violating ...


The 'Spanish Flu': A True Global Pandemic, Erin H. Keener 2020 Gettysburg College

The 'Spanish Flu': A True Global Pandemic, Erin H. Keener

Student Publications

This paper examines the portrayal of the 'Spanish Flu' in the press as it was emerging on the scene in 1918. Using contemporaneous newspaper articles, it shows the evolution from denial, to blame, and eventually to a call to action that developed as it spread around the country. This piece also provides some insight into the parallels between this pandemic and the current Covid 19 pandemic in regard to how both were handled, and what can be learned from when this devastating occurrence repeats itself.


Test 1948: John Deere 5093e Ltd. Diesel, Nebraska Tractor Test Laboratory 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Test 1948: John Deere 5093e Ltd. Diesel, Nebraska Tractor Test Laboratory

Nebraska Tractor Tests

ABOUT THE TEST REPORT AND USE OF THE DATA The test data contained in this report are a tabulation of the results of a series of tests. Due to the restricted format of these pages, only a limited amount of data and not all of the tractor specifications are included. The full OECD report contains usually about 30 pages of data and specifications. The test data were obtained for each tractor under similar conditions and therefore, provide a means of comparison of performance based on a limited set of reported data. EXPLANATION OF THE TEST PROCEDURES Purpose The purpose of ...


Test 1924: John Deere 9530 Diesel, Nebraska Tractor Test Laboratory 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Test 1924: John Deere 9530 Diesel, Nebraska Tractor Test Laboratory

Nebraska Tractor Tests

ABOUT THE TEST REPORT AND USE OF THE DATA The test data contained in this report are a tabulation of the results of a series of tests. Due to the restricted format of these pages, only a limited amount of data and not all of the tractor specifications are included. The full OECD report contains usually about 30 pages of data and specifications. The test data were obtained for each tractor under similar conditions and therefore, provide a means of comparison of performance based on a limited set of reported data. EXPLANATION OF THE TEST PROCEDURES Purpose The purpose of ...


A New Kind Of Loom In Early Roman Egypt? How Iconography Could Explain (Or Not) Papyrological Evidence, Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert 2020 University of Copenhagen

A New Kind Of Loom In Early Roman Egypt? How Iconography Could Explain (Or Not) Papyrological Evidence, Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert

Egyptian textiles and their production: ‘word’ and ‘object’

The question of the different kinds of loom used in ancient Egypt is one of the most crucial issues to understanding the evolution of textile production and its technological development in the Nile Valley. However, sources concerning looms (archaeological, iconographic and written) from the Pharaonic era until the Arab medieval period are meagre, and many research questions remain open. This article is an attempt at a new interpretation of some evidence, particularly iconographic and papyrological, which could add new data to the study of weaving looms used in Egypt of the early Roman period (1st–2nd century AD).


Frontmatter For Egyptian Textiles And Their Production: ‘Word’ And ‘Object’. (Hellenistic, Roman And Byzantine Periods), Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert 2020 University of Copenhagen

Frontmatter For Egyptian Textiles And Their Production: ‘Word’ And ‘Object’. (Hellenistic, Roman And Byzantine Periods), Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert

Egyptian textiles and their production: ‘word’ and ‘object’

Covers

Dedication

Contents

Introduction by Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert

Contributors


Egyptian Pit-Looms From The Late First Millennium Ad — Attempts In Reconstruction From The Archaeological Evidence, Johanna Sigl 2020 German Archaeological Institute (DAI), Cairo

Egyptian Pit-Looms From The Late First Millennium Ad — Attempts In Reconstruction From The Archaeological Evidence, Johanna Sigl

Egyptian textiles and their production: ‘word’ and ‘object’

In discussions on the development of weaving technology, specifically treadle looms in the Mediterranean area, Egypt is often referred to as one of the earliest countries in which people used foot-powered looms for producing cloth. It is thought to have been in regular use in the production of cloth as early as the second half of the 1st millennium AD. This belief is built on results from excavations undertaken during the early 20th century by the Egypt Exploration Fund at the hill of Sheikh Abd el-Qurna in Luxor, as well as on textile studies. Unfortunately, none of the postulated looms ...


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