Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

History of Science, Technology, and Medicine Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3123 Full-Text Articles 1184 Authors 609786 Downloads 137 Institutions

All Articles in History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Faceted Search

3123 full-text articles. Page 1 of 43.

Some Comments On Multiple Discovery In Mathematics, Robin W. Whitty 2017 Queen Mary University of London

Some Comments On Multiple Discovery In Mathematics, Robin W. Whitty

Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

Among perhaps many things common to Kuratowski's Theorem in graph theory, Reidemeister's Theorem in topology, and Cook's Theorem in theoretical computer science is this: all belong to the phenomenon of simultaneous discovery in mathematics. We are interested to know whether this phenomenon, and its close cousin repeated discovery, give rise to meaningful questions regarding causes, trends, categories, etc. With this in view we unearth many more examples, find some tenuous connections and draw some tentative conclusions.


Beyond The Biological: William Beebe, The Bronx Zoo, And U.S. Biological Field Stations In British Guiana, Katherine F. McLeod 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Beyond The Biological: William Beebe, The Bronx Zoo, And U.S. Biological Field Stations In British Guiana, Katherine F. Mcleod

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The Department of Tropical Research (the DTR) was created in 1916 by William Beebe, an ornithologist working for the New York Zoological Society, in British Guiana as a branch of the newly opened Bronx Zoo in New York. It was the first biological laboratory set up in the tropics connected to a large research institution in the United States. This paper looks at how these early field stations were tied to the economic desires of U.S. businessmen working in British Guiana during what Greg Grandin and other historians have called the “second conquest” of Latin America by U.S ...


The Ecocritical Carnivalesque Of Mason & Dixon: Thomas Pynchon's Environmental Vision, Theodor Jack Hamstra 2017 University of Colorado Boulder

The Ecocritical Carnivalesque Of Mason & Dixon: Thomas Pynchon's Environmental Vision, Theodor Jack Hamstra

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Among American novelists since 1945, Thomas Pynchon ranks as one of the most accomplished, with arguably the most fully realized and profound visions of Postmodernity. Therefore, his absence from the field of Ecocriticism is alarming. The aim of my thesis is to demonstrate that Pynchon’s 1997 novel Mason & Dixon ought to be considered as an essential text of American environmental writing. My thesis triangulates the environmental vision of Mason & Dixon by highlighting its affinity with environmental literature on three overlapping levels: the specter of the ancient, the spectacle of the new during the Enlightenment setting of the novel, and ...


"The Church Or The Wheel?" Religious Institutions Respond To The American Bicycle Boom (Forthcoming), Christopher A. Sweet 2016 Illinois Wesleyan University

"The Church Or The Wheel?" Religious Institutions Respond To The American Bicycle Boom (Forthcoming), Christopher A. Sweet

Christopher A. Sweet

“These bladder-wheel bicycles are diabolical devices of the demon of darkness.” Thus railed a Baltimore preacher against the massive wave of popularity for the safety bicycle in the mid-1890s. From a 21st century perspective it seems quaint that American religious institutions felt threatened by something so mundane as bicycles. At the time though, easy-to-ride and relatively cheap safety bicycles presented a direct challenge to many established cultural and social norms. Women cyclists gained independent mobility and were able to press for dress reform. Physical health became a priority for city-dwellers. Christian churches and pastors primarily criticized the bicycle for encouraging ...


Rationality, Parapsychology, And Artificial Intelligence In Military And Intelligence Research By The United States Government In The Cold War, Guy M. LoMeo 2016 CUNY Hunter College

Rationality, Parapsychology, And Artificial Intelligence In Military And Intelligence Research By The United States Government In The Cold War, Guy M. Lomeo

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

A study analyzing the roles of rationality, parapsychology, and artificial intelligence in military and intelligence research by the United States Government in the Cold War. An examination of the methodology behind the decisions to pursue research in two fields that were initially considered irrational.


Causation In Occupational Disease: Balancing Epidemiology, Law And Manufacturer Conduct, Richard M. Lynch, Mary S. Henifin 2016 University of New Hampshire

Causation In Occupational Disease: Balancing Epidemiology, Law And Manufacturer Conduct, Richard M. Lynch, Mary S. Henifin

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Drs. Lynch & Henefin examine evolution of disease causation theory and its impact on public health, as well as how these relate to the courtroom admissibility of expert opinion evidence.


Fire – The Enigma That Continues To Blaze, Sara Kapadia 2016 Claremont Colleges

Fire – The Enigma That Continues To Blaze, Sara Kapadia

The STEAM Journal

How did humans first discover fire? What stories do we pass down to explain the discovery of fire?


Sources Of Epidemiological Equivocacy, Timothy Sly 2016 University of New Hampshire

Sources Of Epidemiological Equivocacy, Timothy Sly

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Mr. Sly discusses five sources of uncertainty and ambiguity in health and medical research that can interfere with decision making.


Medical Services Available During The Revolutionary War Including Treatment For Soldiers Wounded In Action, Jessica Lathrop 2016 American Public University System

Medical Services Available During The Revolutionary War Including Treatment For Soldiers Wounded In Action, Jessica Lathrop

Saber and Scroll

One of the often uncharted avenues of United States Revolutionary War information pertains to the care and treatment of wounded soldiers, from medical services available during the late eighteenth century to the treatment of veterans. This paper seeks to examine, at least briefly, the various methods of medical care for wounded soldiers and their families as well as the options within the colonies for long term and short term veteran treatment


An Enchanting Witchcraft: Masculinity, Melancholy, And The Pathology Of Gaming In Early Modern London, Celeste Chamberland 2016 Roosevelt University

An Enchanting Witchcraft: Masculinity, Melancholy, And The Pathology Of Gaming In Early Modern London, Celeste Chamberland

Occasional Papers

Abstract: In seeking to illuminate the ways in which inchoate models of addiction emerged alongside the unprecedented popularity of gambling in Stuart London, this paper will explore the intersections between a rudimentary pathology of addiction and transformations in the epistemology of reason, the passions, and humoral psychology in the seventeenth century. By exploring the connections between endogenous and exogenous categories of mental illness, this study will examine the ways in which medicine, social expectations, and religion intersected in the seventeenth century alongside the historical relationship between evolving concepts of mental illness, stigma and the politics of blame and responsibility in ...


The Other 'Vd': The Educational Campaign To Reduce Venereal Disease Rate During World War Ii, Madeleine L. Gaiser 2016 Gettysburg College

The Other 'Vd': The Educational Campaign To Reduce Venereal Disease Rate During World War Ii, Madeleine L. Gaiser

Student Publications

Venereal disease was a major contributor to lost man days in World War I so the government attempted to implement an educational campaign beginning in 1918. After a loss of funding, venereal disease became unattended until 1936 when Thomas Parran was appointed as Surgeon General. He made prevention of venereal disease his top priority and began a new campaign, determined to make it more effective and better funding than its predecessor. The subsequent advent of World War II strengthened national interest. With the inspiration of Parran, the Public Health Service and other organizations made movies, posters, pamphlets, books, and school ...


The Prudential Carve-Out Clause: Is Risk The New Corrupt Moral?, John Anwesen 2016 Penn State Law

The Prudential Carve-Out Clause: Is Risk The New Corrupt Moral?, John Anwesen

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


International Legal Instruments And New Judicial Principles For Restitution Of Illegally Exported Cultural Properties, Ho-Young Song 2016 Penn State Law

International Legal Instruments And New Judicial Principles For Restitution Of Illegally Exported Cultural Properties, Ho-Young Song

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Caught In The Act But Not Punished: On Elite Rule Of Law And Deterrence, Francesca Jensenius, Abby Wood 2016 Penn State Law

Caught In The Act But Not Punished: On Elite Rule Of Law And Deterrence, Francesca Jensenius, Abby Wood

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Abused, Abandoned, Or Neglected: Legal Options For Recent Immigrant Women And Girls, Meaghan Fitzpatrick, Leslye Orloff 2016 Penn State Law

Abused, Abandoned, Or Neglected: Legal Options For Recent Immigrant Women And Girls, Meaghan Fitzpatrick, Leslye Orloff

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


The Forgotten Victim: Men And Domestic Violence - Issues For The I-360 Petition, Christine Grant 2016 Penn State Law

The Forgotten Victim: Men And Domestic Violence - Issues For The I-360 Petition, Christine Grant

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Domestic Violence Victims Need Support At State Level, Rep. Scott Conklin 2016 Penn State Law

Domestic Violence Victims Need Support At State Level, Rep. Scott Conklin

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Violence Against Women Symposium And Collected Works, 2016 Penn State Law

Violence Against Women Symposium And Collected Works

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


An Environmental History Of Medieval Europe By Richard C. Hoffman, Geneviève Pigeon Dr 2016 Université du Québec à Montréal

An Environmental History Of Medieval Europe By Richard C. Hoffman, Geneviève Pigeon Dr

The Goose

Review of Richard C. Hoffman's An Environmental History of Medieval Europe.


National Treasure: A Survey Of The Current International Law Regime For Underwater Cultural Heritage, Christian Hoefly 2016 Penn State Law

National Treasure: A Survey Of The Current International Law Regime For Underwater Cultural Heritage, Christian Hoefly

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress