Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

History of Science, Technology, and Medicine Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3109 Full-Text Articles 1198 Authors 609786 Downloads 145 Institutions

All Articles in History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Faceted Search

3109 full-text articles. Page 1 of 43.

William Walker And The Seeds Of Progressive Imperialism: The War In Nicaragua And The Message Of Regeneration, 1855-1860, John J. Mangipano 2017 The University of Southern Mississippi

William Walker And The Seeds Of Progressive Imperialism: The War In Nicaragua And The Message Of Regeneration, 1855-1860, John J. Mangipano

Dissertations

For a brief period of time, between 1855 and 1857, William Walker successfully portrayed himself to American audiences as the regenerator of Nicaragua. Though he arrived in Nicaragua in June 1855, with only fifty-eight men, his image as a regenerator attracted several-thousand men and women to join him in his mission to stabilize the region. Walker relied on both his medical studies as well as his experience in journalism to craft a message of regeneration that placated the anxieties that many Americans felt about the instability of the Caribbean. People supported Walker because he provided a strategy of regeneration that ...


Adrift At Sea: How The United States Government Is Forgoing The Fourth Amendment In The Prosecution Of Captured Terrorists, Frank Sullivan 2017 Penn State Law

Adrift At Sea: How The United States Government Is Forgoing The Fourth Amendment In The Prosecution Of Captured Terrorists, Frank Sullivan

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Air Traffic Control: How Mexican Cartels Are Utilizing Drones To Traffic Narcotics Into The United States, Britton Shields 2017 Penn State Law

Air Traffic Control: How Mexican Cartels Are Utilizing Drones To Traffic Narcotics Into The United States, Britton Shields

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Legal Status Of Drones Under Loac And International Law, Vivek Sehrawat 2017 Penn State Law

Legal Status Of Drones Under Loac And International Law, Vivek Sehrawat

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


The Innocent Combatant: Preserving Their Jus In Bello Protections, Mark "Max" Maxwell, Richard V. Meyer 2017 Penn State Law

The Innocent Combatant: Preserving Their Jus In Bello Protections, Mark "Max" Maxwell, Richard V. Meyer

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Maintaining Individual Liability In Aml And Cybersecurity At New York's Financial Institutions, Harry Dixon 2017 Penn State Law

Maintaining Individual Liability In Aml And Cybersecurity At New York's Financial Institutions, Harry Dixon

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


A Research Agenda To Improve Decision Making In Cyber Security Policy, Benjamin Dean, Rose McDermott 2017 Penn State Law

A Research Agenda To Improve Decision Making In Cyber Security Policy, Benjamin Dean, Rose Mcdermott

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


The Cyber Longbow & Other Information Strategies: U.S. National Security And Cyberspace, Gary D. Brown 2017 Penn State Law

The Cyber Longbow & Other Information Strategies: U.S. National Security And Cyberspace, Gary D. Brown

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Masthead, 2017 Penn State Law

Masthead

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


War In The 21st Century And Collected Works, 2017 Penn State Law

War In The 21st Century And Collected Works

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Surgery As A Science: The Intellectual And Practical Evolution Of European Surgery From The 16th To The 18th Century, Molly Nebiolo 2017 Butler University

Surgery As A Science: The Intellectual And Practical Evolution Of European Surgery From The 16th To The 18th Century, Molly Nebiolo

Butler Journal of Undergraduate Research

This article explores the transition of surgery from a collection of skills and techniques used on the battlefield to its acceptance as a medical profession. Opinion was shaped through advances in technology, use of anesthesia, and surgical practices. This success prompted a shift in public confidence facilitated by the Church’s funding of public autopsies led by surgeons. Once the public understood the greater effectiveness of surgeons, their status changed from butcher to doctor by the early 18th century. Previous research has focused on the technological advances behind the professionalization of surgery and the sociological change in beliefs, but this ...


Tainted Benevolence: Sources Of Funding For The Liverpool School Of Tropical Medicine From 1898-1915, Lucy Cummins 2017 St. Mary's Academy

Tainted Benevolence: Sources Of Funding For The Liverpool School Of Tropical Medicine From 1898-1915, Lucy Cummins

Young Historians Conference

The final two decades of the nineteenth century saw a race among European powers to secure vast tracts of land in Africa for colonization and exploitation. However, the empires of the West soon found that effective occupation of this new continent would not end with a physical takeover. In order to benefit politically and financially from their new territories, colonial governments would have to confront a series of unforeseen challenges, one of the largest of which was the prevalence of so-called "tropical" diseases. Few doctors in Europe had any experience with or understanding of conditions from sleeping sickness to Guinea ...


Clickbait Science: A Review Of Rhetorical Patterns Within The Royal Society, Bryan T. Le 2017 Clackamas High School

Clickbait Science: A Review Of Rhetorical Patterns Within The Royal Society, Bryan T. Le

Young Historians Conference

King Charles II of England gave birth to the Royal Society and the right for it to publish without interference in the seventeenth century. Out of this society came forth Philosophical Transactions, the first ever science journal. The journal, however, was not strictly bound to science. Articles within the journal exhibit a variety of unusual bits of information ranging from making water colors to constructing a bee-house. This paper shows that the Royal Society included articles that weren’t science but human interest to gather a following for themselves.


Historically-Informed Nursing: The Untapped Potential Of History In Nursing Education, Sonya Grypma Dr 2017 Trinity Western University

Historically-Informed Nursing: The Untapped Potential Of History In Nursing Education, Sonya Grypma Dr

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

For much of the 20th century, nursing history was a core component of nursing education. However, nursing history has all but disappeared from the curriculum. In an effort to prepare nurses for a rapidly-evolving health care system, nursing educators emphasize the value of new, evidence-informed knowledge—specifically in the form of literature published within the previous five years. The focus on the ‘cutting edge’ has effectively, if inadvertently, severed nursing from its roots. As a result, nurses have become disconnected from the richness embedded in our nursing past – a history that spans four centuries in Canada. This article makes ...


Dr. Ignác Semmelweis’S 19th-Century Cure For Deadly Childbed Fever Ignored In Vienna’S Maternity Wards: His Sympathy For Women Victims And Their Newborns Costs Professional Standing, Anna Lisa Ohm 2017 College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University

Dr. Ignác Semmelweis’S 19th-Century Cure For Deadly Childbed Fever Ignored In Vienna’S Maternity Wards: His Sympathy For Women Victims And Their Newborns Costs Professional Standing, Anna Lisa Ohm

Headwaters

No abstract provided.


Some Comments On Multiple Discovery In Mathematics, Robin W. Whitty 2017 Queen Mary University of London

Some Comments On Multiple Discovery In Mathematics, Robin W. Whitty

Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

Among perhaps many things common to Kuratowski's Theorem in graph theory, Reidemeister's Theorem in topology, and Cook's Theorem in theoretical computer science is this: all belong to the phenomenon of simultaneous discovery in mathematics. We are interested to know whether this phenomenon, and its close cousin repeated discovery, give rise to meaningful questions regarding causes, trends, categories, etc. With this in view we unearth many more examples, find some tenuous connections and draw some tentative conclusions.


The Foundations Of Naval Science: Alfred Thayer Mahan’S The Influence Of Sea Power On History And The Library Of Congress Classification System, Ellen E. Adams, Joshua F. Beatty 2017 Alice T. Miner Museum

The Foundations Of Naval Science: Alfred Thayer Mahan’S The Influence Of Sea Power On History And The Library Of Congress Classification System, Ellen E. Adams, Joshua F. Beatty

Library and Information Technology Services Scholarship

This article is a history of the creation of the Naval Science class within the Library of Congress Classification System (LCCS) during that system’s fashioning and development at the turn of the 20th century. Previous work on the history of classification and especially of the LCCS has looked closely at the mechanics of the creation of such systems and at ideological influences on classification schemes. Prior scholarship has neglected the means by which ideologies are encoded into classification systems, however. The present article examines the history of a single class by looking at the ideological and political assumptions behind ...


Beyond The Biological: William Beebe, The Bronx Zoo, And U.S. Biological Field Stations In British Guiana, Katherine F. McLeod 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Beyond The Biological: William Beebe, The Bronx Zoo, And U.S. Biological Field Stations In British Guiana, Katherine F. Mcleod

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The Department of Tropical Research (the DTR) was created in 1916 by William Beebe, an ornithologist working for the New York Zoological Society, in British Guiana as a branch of the newly opened Bronx Zoo in New York. It was the first biological laboratory set up in the tropics connected to a large research institution in the United States. This paper looks at how these early field stations were tied to the economic desires of U.S. businessmen working in British Guiana during what Greg Grandin and other historians have called the “second conquest” of Latin America by U.S ...


Review: The Gene: An Intimate History. By Siddartha Mukherjee, Jordan Lieser 2017 Department of History, Dominican University of California

Review: The Gene: An Intimate History. By Siddartha Mukherjee, Jordan Lieser

Collected Faculty and Staff Scholarship

Dr. Siddhartha Mukherjee, author of the highly regarded and Pulitzer Prize winning The Emperor of All Maladies, has undertaken what he terms as an “intimate history” of the gene. Mukherjee’s medical credentials are impressive, yet they are also atypical for research and writing on the history of science. The Gene is impeccably written and expands our understanding of a well-known history through his unique viewpoint. In fact, Mukherjee’s work is reminiscent of another Pulitzer Prize winner, Jared Diamond. Originally a physiologist, Diamond, is best known for applying his scientific viewpoint to the Spanish Conquest in his 1997 Pulitzer ...


The Ecocritical Carnivalesque Of Mason & Dixon: Thomas Pynchon's Environmental Vision, Theodor Jack Hamstra 2017 University of Colorado Boulder

The Ecocritical Carnivalesque Of Mason & Dixon: Thomas Pynchon's Environmental Vision, Theodor Jack Hamstra

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Among American novelists since 1945, Thomas Pynchon ranks as one of the most accomplished, with arguably the most fully realized and profound visions of Postmodernity. Therefore, his absence from the field of Ecocriticism is alarming. The aim of my thesis is to demonstrate that Pynchon’s 1997 novel Mason & Dixon ought to be considered as an essential text of American environmental writing. My thesis triangulates the environmental vision of Mason & Dixon by highlighting its affinity with environmental literature on three overlapping levels: the specter of the ancient, the spectacle of the new during the Enlightenment setting of the novel, and ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress