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The Impact Of Functional Background Heterogeneity Of Top Management Team On Enterprise Digital Transformation, Yan NI, Junpeng JIANG 2024 Institute of Economics, Hubei Academy of Social Sciences

The Impact Of Functional Background Heterogeneity Of Top Management Team On Enterprise Digital Transformation, Yan Ni, Junpeng Jiang

Journal of Science and Technology Management

Digital transformation is the key for enterprises to achieve breakthrough development, and the heterogeneity of top management team (TMT) has an important impact on the success of digital transformation. Starting from the high-level echelon theory, taking the panel data of Shanghai and Shenzhen A-share listed companies during 2010—2021 as research samples, the Herfinadal coefficient was used to measure the heterogeneity of TMT function-al background, and the impact of TMT functional background heterogeneity on enterprises' digital transformation was investigated. Empirical findings: There is an inverse U-shaped relationship between TMT functional background heterogeneity and digital transformation, and a series of robustness tests, …


Research On The Impact Of Smart Service Integration On Green Transformation In Manufacturing Industry, Xusheng CHEN, Jinshuo ZHANG, Yunhui YANG 2024 School of Management, Harbin University of Science and Technology

Research On The Impact Of Smart Service Integration On Green Transformation In Manufacturing Industry, Xusheng Chen, Jinshuo Zhang, Yunhui Yang

Journal of Science and Technology Management

Against the backdrop of the “double carbon” strategy and the new era of high-quality development, green transformation is an inevitable requirement for high-quality development of the manufacturing industry. The devel-opment and application of new-generation digital technologies such as 5G, cloud computing, virtual reality, and artificial intelligence have fostered the emergence of smart services. It can promote service innovation and business model innovation through the synergy of physical products and digital services, providing a new path for the green transformation of the manufacturing. From the perspective of industry integration, this paper constructs an index system for the integration of smart services …


Research On The Collaborative Mechanism Of Popularizing Science And Technology Resources:Based On The Collaborative “Government, Industry, University And Research” Perspective Of, Tao HUANG, Rui YU 2024 School of Law and Economics, Wuhan University of Science and Technology

Research On The Collaborative Mechanism Of Popularizing Science And Technology Resources:Based On The Collaborative “Government, Industry, University And Research” Perspective Of, Tao Huang, Rui Yu

Journal of Science and Technology Management

As an important strategic and foundational resource, science and technology resources are the essential material basis for supporting scientific and technological progress and innovative development. Fully tapping into the popularization value of science and technology resources is an effective way to overcome the bottleneck of popular science development and deepen the reform of popular science supply-side. To address the problems of low efficiency in the popularization of science and technology resources, it is important to stimulate the motivation of government, universities, research institutions, and enterprises in the popularization of science and technology resources and form a multi-party collaborative mechanism in …


Collaborative Innovation Network And Innovation Efficiency Of Industrial Chain Enterprises, Zhengchu HE, Sisi LIU, Hongyu PAN 2024 Business School,Xiangtan University Business School,Guilin University of Technology

Collaborative Innovation Network And Innovation Efficiency Of Industrial Chain Enterprises, Zhengchu He, Sisi Liu, Hongyu Pan

Journal of Science and Technology Management

For the industrial chain enterprises formed in China's semiconductor industry,a two-stage network DEA is used to measure the innovation efficiency of industrial chain enterprises. A regression model is constructed with the collaborative innovation index of industrial chain enterprises as the core explanatory variable to explore the impact of the collaborative innovation network of semiconductor industrial chain enterprises on the innovation efficiency of enterprises. The results indicate that in semiconductor industry chain enterprises,the strength of collaborative innovation network connection is negatively correlated with enterprise innovation efficiency,and the positive impact of collaborative innovation network connection strength on the overall innovation efficiency of …


Research On The Influence Of Servitization On Gvc Upgrading Of Advanced Manufacturing Enterprises:Mediator Role Of Dynamic Capabilities, Liangqun QI, Xue XIAO 2024 School of Economics and Management, Harbin University of Science and Technology

Research On The Influence Of Servitization On Gvc Upgrading Of Advanced Manufacturing Enterprises:Mediator Role Of Dynamic Capabilities, Liangqun Qi, Xue Xiao

Journal of Science and Technology Management

The level of development of advanced manufacturing enterprises is an important manifestation of the competitiveness of the national manufacturing industry. At present, although China's advanced manufacturing enterprises have made considerable achievements in certain niche areas, the market for high-end chips, biomedical products, industrial robots and other products is still monopolized by foreign oligopolies and multinational capital. At the same time, in order to maintain the status of “chain master” in the global value chain, developed countries have hindered the participation of manufacturing enterprises from developing countries in the division of labor in the global high-end value chain through a series …


Research On The Mechanism Of Multi Agent And Multi Stage Collaborative Benefit Allocation From The Perspective Of Digital Innovation Ecosystem, Zidan SHAN, Huimin LI, Yashi WANG, Ying CAO 2024 School of Economics and Management, Harbin University of Science and Technology Research Center of High Tech Industry Development, Harbin University of Science and Technology

Research On The Mechanism Of Multi Agent And Multi Stage Collaborative Benefit Allocation From The Perspective Of Digital Innovation Ecosystem, Zidan Shan, Huimin Li, Yashi Wang, Ying Cao

Journal of Science and Technology Management

The digital innovation ecosystem is a typical complex network system with symbiotic coupling and nonlinear interaction characteristics among diverse components due to the influence of digital technology. It not only inherits the general characteristics of the innovation ecosystem, but also presents unique characteristics, such as stronger heterogeneity of innovation entities, more complex resource flow, more dynamic business processes, and more open data sharing. The 14th Five Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development of the People's Republic of China and the Outline of Long Range Goals for 2035 point out the need to accelerate digital development, create new advantages …


Enlisting And Leading Contributes To The Efficiency Mechanism And Practical Logic Of Major Emergency Technology R&D Projects, Wei FANG, Jia LIU 2024 School of Management, Northwestern Polytechnical University

Enlisting And Leading Contributes To The Efficiency Mechanism And Practical Logic Of Major Emergency Technology R&D Projects, Wei Fang, Jia Liu

Journal of Science and Technology Management

“Enlisting and Leading” is an important part of the reform of China's scientific and technological system.It makes up for the deficiency of the traditional scientific research funding system in many aspects, and it is necessary to exist. In the development trend of scientific and technological innovation, the “Enlisting and Leading” reflects the demand side innovation orientation, disruptive innovation orientation, open innovation orientation, and scientific and technological talents orientation, which conforms to the era of development. How to understand its importance and clarify its strategic orientation is extremely important for deepening the reform of China's scientific and technological system. At the …


Containerization Of Seafarers In The International Shipping Industry: Contemporary Seamanship, Maritime Social Infrastructures, And Mobility Politics Of Global Logistics, Liang Wu 2024 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Containerization Of Seafarers In The International Shipping Industry: Contemporary Seamanship, Maritime Social Infrastructures, And Mobility Politics Of Global Logistics, Liang Wu

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation discusses the mobility politics of container shipping and argues that technological development, political-economic order, and social infrastructure co-produce one another. Containerization, the use of standardized containers to carry cargo across modes of transportation that is said to have revolutionized and globalized international trade since the late 1950s, has served to expand and extend the power of international coalitions of states and corporations to control the movements of commodities (shipments) and labor (seafarers). The advent and development of containerization was driven by a sociotechnical imaginary and international social contract of seamless shipping and cargo flows. In practice, this liberal, …


What Does One Billion Dollars Look Like?: Visualizing Extreme Wealth, William Mahoney Luckman 2024 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

What Does One Billion Dollars Look Like?: Visualizing Extreme Wealth, William Mahoney Luckman

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The word “billion” is a mathematical abstraction related to “big,” but it is difficult to understand the vast difference in value between one million and one billion; even harder to understand the vast difference in purchasing power between one billion dollars, and the average U.S. yearly income. Perhaps most difficult to conceive of is what that purchasing power and huge mass of capital translates to in terms of power. This project blends design, text, facts, and figures into an interactive narrative website that helps the user better understand their position in relation to extreme wealth: https://whatdoesonebilliondollarslooklike.website/

The site incorporates …


The Limits Of Data Science, David E. Drew 2024 Claremont Graduate University

The Limits Of Data Science, David E. Drew

Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

Data science can contribute valuable predictions in diverse fields. But I write to express some concerns and red flags. I suggest that data science is being oversold. This article contains three questions that I believe data science must address as this new discipline matures. Is data science significantly different from statistics? This is a question that has haunted the field since the term first was introduced. By creating algorithms based on current societal decision rules that may be biased, even bigoted, does data science lock in and exacerbate inequality? Scholars have identified a continuum from data to information to knowledge …


From Polygraphs To Truth Machines: Artificial Intelligence In Lie Detection, Jo Ann Oravec 2024 University of Wisconsin - Whitewater

From Polygraphs To Truth Machines: Artificial Intelligence In Lie Detection, Jo Ann Oravec

Critical Humanities

The proliferation of artificial intelligence (AI)-enhanced lie detection tools in business, educational, community, and governmental contexts signals a new era of deception detection. With these AI developments, collections of intimate biometric information such as facial and retinal data, keystroke patterns, brain scans, and physiological changes in the cardiovascular system are combined with personal profiles to produce analyses of a subject’s supposed veracity. This article explores some early lie detection technologies (such as the polygraph) and discusses the influences that lie detection initiatives have had in human interactions through the decades. It addresses the empirical issues of whether specific AI technologies …


Motivations Driving Video Research Podcasts: Impact On Value And Creation Of Research Video Presentations, My Doan, Anh Tran, Na Le 2024 Northern Kentucky University

Motivations Driving Video Research Podcasts: Impact On Value And Creation Of Research Video Presentations, My Doan, Anh Tran, Na Le

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of the study is to better understand the role and impact of video research podcasts in bridging the gap between academia and the general public, especially concerning the challenges of accessibility and comprehension of scholarly research.

Methods: A 10-question survey was administered to evaluate the effectiveness, utility, and acceptance of video recordings in research presentations. The survey also aimed to gather insights into the motivations, challenges, and benefits of using video podcasts for research dissemination. Results were then analyzed using the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model.

Results: There were 102 respondents …


Making-To-Be: Documents, Facta, And Material-Discursive Agency, Elliott Hauser 2024 University of Texas at Austin

Making-To-Be: Documents, Facta, And Material-Discursive Agency, Elliott Hauser

Proceedings from the Document Academy

This paper presents the performative analysis of agency within and surrounding documents as a path towards uniting the otherwise incompatible insights of both meaningcentric and materialcentric approaches. I contrast the terms agentical, providing agency, and agentic, possessing agency, to help clarify the apparent incompatibilities of prior approaches. I argue that a relational conception of agency, wherein the agentical/agentic distinction is blurred, preserves important virtues of both meaning and materialcentric approaches to documents. This paves the way for a unified materialdiscursive account of documents and a cure for document studies’ inherited duality malady. Extending prior work on capta (Drucker, 2011) and …


Popular Stem Related Career Choices For Middle School Students, Damilola B. Ayokanmi, Paul Asunda 2024 Purdue University

Popular Stem Related Career Choices For Middle School Students, Damilola B. Ayokanmi, Paul Asunda

Indiana STEM Education Conference

In order to build and sustain student interest in STEM disciplines, it is important to first ascertain the existing trends in their career choices including factors influencing them. Middle school is a pivotal time for both boys and girls as they start forming identities and career choices and can begin to select both elective courses and extra-curricular activities, based on interests (Webb & Rosson, 2013), and yet, these early years are given low priority in integrated STEM education discussions. This study was guided by the following research question, “What are the popular career choices selected by middle school students …


Integrated Virtual Reality For A Motivating And Effectual Language-Learning Experience, Spencer L. Galvan, Amy Hardy, Jo Dee Duncan-Mosier 2024 St. Philip's College

Integrated Virtual Reality For A Motivating And Effectual Language-Learning Experience, Spencer L. Galvan, Amy Hardy, Jo Dee Duncan-Mosier

Indiana STEM Education Conference

The increased globalization of STEM fields and the resulting needed multilingualism provide ample reason to infuse language classrooms with responsive and immersive technologies. Furthermore, technology has proven to be a powerful resource to motivate students, regardless of the field. Early results show that the use of immersive technology positively affects both motivation and retention, and that students desire these types of technology and resources in more of their courses.


Proceedings Of The Ninth Annual Indiana Stem Education Conference: Resourcing Stem Education, William S. Walker III, Lynn A. Bryan, S. Selcen Guzey 2024 Purdue University

Proceedings Of The Ninth Annual Indiana Stem Education Conference: Resourcing Stem Education, William S. Walker Iii, Lynn A. Bryan, S. Selcen Guzey

Indiana STEM Education Conference

The Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Indiana STEM Education Conference are edited by the Center for Advancing the Teaching and Learning of STEM (CATALYST, https://www.education.purdue.edu/catalyst/) at Purdue University. The theme for the 2024 conference is Resourcing STEM Education. This year’s Indiana STEM Education Conference provides opportunities to learn about effective STEM education strategies, curriculum, and resources to engage students in integrated STEM learning opportunities and address the recently updated Indiana Academic Standards for Science and Computer Science, Indiana Academic Standards for Mathematics, and Indiana Academic Standards for Integrated STEM (https://www.in.gov/doe/students/indiana-academic-standards/).


The Impact Of Geospatial Contexts And Out-Of-School Experiences On Students' Stem Identity Formation, Hillary Ongoyo Omoze, Abigail Erskine, Asenath Odondi 2024 Purdue University

The Impact Of Geospatial Contexts And Out-Of-School Experiences On Students' Stem Identity Formation, Hillary Ongoyo Omoze, Abigail Erskine, Asenath Odondi

Indiana STEM Education Conference

STEM teaching faces challenges in varied geospatial contexts (Mulvey et al., 2023), where place and space factors play a significant role. This research brief explores the influence of place and space in shaping students' STEM identities throughout their educational journey, with a specific emphasis on the role of out-of-school experiences in fostering student learning and interest in STEM careers, particularly among middle school students.


The Future Of Future City: A Stem Program, Jeffrey A. Nowak, Shelby Werling 2024 Purdue University Fort Wayne

The Future Of Future City: A Stem Program, Jeffrey A. Nowak, Shelby Werling

Indiana STEM Education Conference

The idea of integrating science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) is still an enigma for many educators (Dare et al, 2021). Recent academic standards favor curricula that interweave the principles of integrated STEM into all content areas. Finding a “one size fits all” curriculum is challenging, perhaps even impossible. Future City is a national program that specializes in hands-on cross-curricular STEM education. Students work collaboratively using an engineering and design process to showcase their solutions to citywide sustainability issues. This research brief examines how educators can utilize the Future City program as the cornerstone of their STEM curriculum.


Implementing Integrated Stem Forensic And Soil Sciences Lab Activities To Promote Interest In Stem Careers, Mariah K. Stollar Awan, Caroline J. Rakowski 2024 Purdue University

Implementing Integrated Stem Forensic And Soil Sciences Lab Activities To Promote Interest In Stem Careers, Mariah K. Stollar Awan, Caroline J. Rakowski

Indiana STEM Education Conference

We implemented forensic and soil science integrated STEM lab activities with 11 middle school youth at a 4-H day camp at Purdue University. STEM perceived knowledge increased overall for participants. However, the pre- and post-assessments did not show a statistically significant difference. More students also indicated STEM career interest after participating. Because this study was exploratory and had a small sample size, more research on these integrated STEM lab activities should be conducted with larger samples.


How Does Digitalisation Transform Business Models In Ropax Ports? A Multi-Site Study Of Port Authorities, Yiran Chen, Anastasia Tsvetkova, Kristel Edelman, Irina Wahlström, Marikka Heikkila, Magnus Hellström 2024 Åbo Akademi University

How Does Digitalisation Transform Business Models In Ropax Ports? A Multi-Site Study Of Port Authorities, Yiran Chen, Anastasia Tsvetkova, Kristel Edelman, Irina Wahlström, Marikka Heikkila, Magnus Hellström

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

This article investigates the relationship between digitalisation and business model changes in RoPax ports. The study is based on six RoPax ports in Northern Europe, examining their digitalisation efforts and the resulting changes in their business models, leading to further digital transformation. The paper offers insights by reviewing relevant literature on digitalisation’s role in business model innovation and its application in ports. The findings reveal that digitalisation supports relevant business model changes concerning port operation integration within logistics chains, communication, documentation flow, and cargo flow optimisation. However, exploring digitalisation’s potential for diversifying value propositions is still limited. Most digitalisation efforts …


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