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Variables Associated With High School Shot Put Performance, Rebecca Caughey, Camille Thomas 2022 Southern Utah University

Variables Associated With High School Shot Put Performance, Rebecca Caughey, Camille Thomas

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(6): 1357-1365, 2022. This study determined the relationship between high school athletes' maximal strength, jumping, and sprinting with shot put performance. High school athletes (n = 9; 16.9 ± 1 years; 110.4 ± 10.8 kg; 183.73 ± 9.33 cm) performed the broad jump, 1RM squat, 1RM bench, 40-yard dash with 10-yd split, and shot put. Strong positive correlations between shot put performance and broad jump (r = 0.89), 1RM squat (r = 0.90), and 1RM bench press (r = 0.87), and a strong negative correlation between shot put performance and 40-yd …


A Holistic Investigation Of Acidosis In Breast Cancer, Bryce Ordway 2022 University of South Florida

A Holistic Investigation Of Acidosis In Breast Cancer, Bryce Ordway

USF Tampa Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In the early 20th century, Nobel laureate Otto Warburg made the observation that cells of a carcinoma had considerably higher glycolytic metabolism and considerably lower oxidative metabolism compared to cells of a normal tissue. He postulated that within this observation was the key to deciphering the differences between malignant and normal tissue. It is now well established that tumors of the breast are unequivocally acidic, caused by an abnormal amount of aerobic glycolysis, colloquially known as the Warburg effect. Over the last decades, our group, led by Dr. Robert J. Gillies, has set out to characterize the causes and consequences …


Physical Activity Is Related To Mental Health And Sexual Orientation Among Women In College, Ellen M. Brooks, Oliver W.A. Wilson, Lucas Elliott, Michele Duffey, Melissa Bopp 2022 University of Utah

Physical Activity Is Related To Mental Health And Sexual Orientation Among Women In College, Ellen M. Brooks, Oliver W.A. Wilson, Lucas Elliott, Michele Duffey, Melissa Bopp

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(5): 1347-1356, 2022. Non-heterosexual women tend to report lower physical activity and poorer mental health than their heterosexual counterparts. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in mental health (stress and depression) and physical activity among female college students by sexual orientation. Students self-reported socio-demographic characteristics, physical activity, perceived stress, and depressive symptoms via an online survey. Correlations, independent samples t-tests, and multiple regression analyses were used to examine relationships between perceived stress, depressive symptoms, physical activity, and sexual orientation. Most participants (n = 1072, 20.0 ± 1.5 years) identified as heterosexual …


Impact Of Two Types Of Fitness Programs On Soldier Physical Fitness, Aaron G. Parks, William H. Murrah, Wendi H. Weimar, Paige A. McHenry, Donald Bigham, Kkevin Giordano, JoEllen M. Sefton 2022 Auburn University

Impact Of Two Types Of Fitness Programs On Soldier Physical Fitness, Aaron G. Parks, William H. Murrah, Wendi H. Weimar, Paige A. Mchenry, Donald Bigham, Kkevin Giordano, Joellen M. Sefton

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 1326-1346, 2022. This study compared an expert supervised, fully resourced physical training (PT) program compared to a traditional physical training PT plan on Army Officer Candidate School (OSC) soldier fitness outcomes. This retrospective cohort study compared 228 OCS soldiers (179 male [26.74±3.78 years] and 49 female [26.55±4.18 years]) in two companies for 12 weeks. One company participated in a fully resourced PT program designed by fitness experts to improve overall fitness and mobility (TAP-C). One company participated in traditional physical training designed to excel on the Army combat fitness test (ACFT, includes deadlift, power …


The Effects Of Step Aerobic Training On Muscle Power And Agility In Female Badminton Players, CHAREE JANSUPOM, YUPAPORN KANPETTA, KHAOTHIN THAWICHAI, SARAWUT KUSUMP, Ashira Hiruntrakul 2022 Graduate School, Khon Kaen University

The Effects Of Step Aerobic Training On Muscle Power And Agility In Female Badminton Players, Charee Jansupom, Yupaporn Kanpetta, Khaothin Thawichai, Sarawut Kusump, Ashira Hiruntrakul

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(6): 1317-1325, 2022. The purpose of the study was to compare the effects of step aerobic training (SAT) on muscle power and agility in female badminton players. Twenty female badminton players were assigned to experimental groups (EG = 10) were for 30 minutes 3 days a week to perform SAT (age: 16.70 ± 1.15 yrs), and control groups (CG = 10) were regular badminton training. (age: 16.60 ± 1.17 yrs). Measures of muscle power was tested with a knee extensors (KE) and knee flexors (KF) isokinetic peak toque 180°/sec (NM) and agility was tested in …


The Reliability Of Three-Dimensional Inertial Measurement Units In Capturing Lower-Body Joint Kinematics During Single-Leg Landing Tasks, Jacob M. Thomas, Roger O. Kollock 2022 University of Tulsa

The Reliability Of Three-Dimensional Inertial Measurement Units In Capturing Lower-Body Joint Kinematics During Single-Leg Landing Tasks, Jacob M. Thomas, Roger O. Kollock

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(1): 1306-1316, 2022. 3-D inertial measurement units (IMUs) have advantages over other types of motion capture systems, as IMUs cannot be obstructed by equipment and gear. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of IMUs in measuring joint angles at the hip, knee, and ankle during two types of single-leg landings: 1) drop-landing (DL) and 2) leap-landing (LL). Nineteen subjects, both males (n = 9, 21.88 ± 1.64 yrs, 178.36 ± 9.68 cm, 185.68 ± 16.63 kg) and females (n = 11, 22.45 ± 4.32 yrs, 171.57 ± 6.55 …


Wellness Review 2022, Part 1, Martin Huecker, Brian A. Ferguson, Jacob Shreffler 2022 University of Louisville

Wellness Review 2022, Part 1, Martin Huecker, Brian A. Ferguson, Jacob Shreffler

Journal of Wellness

Introduction: This article represents the first of a two-part assessment of 2022 literature addressing wellness in healthcare professionals published from January 1, 2022 to June 30, 2022.

Methods: Three editors conducted a similar keyword search in Pubmed, also adding manually curated articles. Focusing chiefly on clinical trials and other prospective research, we settled on a final 25 significant papers focusing on wellness in medical professionals to include in this review.

Literature Review: Recent literature into HCW wellness continues to describe burnout factors and COVID-19 impact, but includes more resilience-targeting interventions and systematic reviews of trials seeking bolstering of well-being. Subsections …


Functionality Of The Gracilis Collateral Is Impaired Following Arteriogenesis And Cell Transplantation, Ada A. Tadeo 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Functionality Of The Gracilis Collateral Is Impaired Following Arteriogenesis And Cell Transplantation, Ada A. Tadeo

Biomedical Engineering

Peripheral Arterial Disease involves narrowed arteries, reducing blood flow to limbs. Increasing blood flow to those extremities is possible by redirecting the blood to flow through natural bypasses (i.e. collateral arteries), which can enlarge via arteriogenesis to maintain blood supply once the prominent arteries have become occluded. This study aims to investigate how arteriogenesis affects collateral function, if myoblast transplantation can stimulate collateral growth, and how that in turn may affect collateral function. Femoral artery ligation was performed to mimic the blockage that occurs in patients with ischemic diseases on lean mice and mice with diet induced obesity (DIO). A …


Deaths In Open Water Swimming Races In Brazil From 2009 To 2019, Fabrízio Di Masi, Gabriel Costa e Silva, Danielli Braga de Mello, David Szpilman, Mike Tipton 2022 Colégio Pedro II

Deaths In Open Water Swimming Races In Brazil From 2009 To 2019, Fabrízio Di Masi, Gabriel Costa E Silva, Danielli Braga De Mello, David Szpilman, Mike Tipton

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(6): 1295-1305, 2022. Since the inclusion in the Olympic Games (2008), open swimming races have attracted greater media attention and, therefore, have a greater number of practitioners, especially in Brazil, an extremely favorable country for this sport. However, increasing reports of fatal incidents in open water races brought the medical and scientific community to attention. The aim of this study was to review the characteristics of deaths in open waters events in Brazil from 2009 to 2019. The survey was divided into 3 steps: 1) contacting sports-related federations and companies, including swimming and triathlon federations, …


Exploring Predictive Ability Of Fitness Test Data Relative To Fire Academy Graduation In Trainees: Practical Applications For Physical Training, Robert G. Lockie, Robin (Rob) Marc Orr, Fernando Montes, Tomas Ruvalcaba, J. Jay Dawes 2022 California State University, Fullerton

Exploring Predictive Ability Of Fitness Test Data Relative To Fire Academy Graduation In Trainees: Practical Applications For Physical Training, Robert G. Lockie, Robin (Rob) Marc Orr, Fernando Montes, Tomas Ruvalcaba, J. Jay Dawes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 1274-1294, 2022. This study investigated the predictive abilities of fitness tests relative to academy graduation in firefighter trainees. Archival fitness test data from 305 trainees were analyzed, including: Illinois agility test (IAT); push-ups; pull-ups; leg tucks; multistage fitness test; 4.54-kg backwards overhead medicine ball throw (BOMBT); 10-repetition maximum deadlift; and a 91.44-m farmers carry with 18-kg kettlebells. Within the department, trainees were allocated points for each test. Trainees were split into graduated (245 males, 16 females) or released (29 males, 15 females) groups. Independent samples t-tests and effect sizes calculated between-group fitness test differences …


Meditation Program For First Year Medical Undergraduate Students: A Feasibility Study, Anumeha Bhagat, Anita Sinha Malhotra, Ajeet Kumar Sidana 2022 Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh

Meditation Program For First Year Medical Undergraduate Students: A Feasibility Study, Anumeha Bhagat, Anita Sinha Malhotra, Ajeet Kumar Sidana

Journal of Wellness

Introduction: Prevalence of stress among Indian medical undergraduate students is currently higher than the global stress level. Notably, although India is considered home to yogic practices, attempts at incorporating them in the daily routines of medical students have been lacking. In Raj Yoga Meditation (RYM), the steps for meditation are clear and explicit, so it is easy to practice. The study aimed to assess the feasibility of daily practice of RYM by medical undergraduates and find out if there is an improvement in the mental health and stress levels of the participants.

Methods: We chose 80 students randomly from two …


Physiological Responses To Speed-Matched Running On Non-Motorized Assault Airrunner Versus Traditional Treadmills In Active Females: A Pilot Study, Noelle Morrow, Kayla Mitchell, Hannah Weighart, Diana Alonzo, Stephen Ives 2022 Skidmore College

Physiological Responses To Speed-Matched Running On Non-Motorized Assault Airrunner Versus Traditional Treadmills In Active Females: A Pilot Study, Noelle Morrow, Kayla Mitchell, Hannah Weighart, Diana Alonzo, Stephen Ives

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 1262-1273, 2022. Treadmills are utilized as a training tool to improve aerobic fitness, but precise understanding of intensity and the corresponding physiological strain is critical for optimizing exercise prescription and associated adaptations. Running on non-motorized, curved treadmills may result in greater oxygen uptake (VO2), increased heart rate (HR), and increased rating of perceived exertion (RPE) compared to traditional motorized treadmills. The purpose of this study was to investigate the physiological responses on non-motorized versus traditional motorized treadmills during speed-matched running. Participants were 4 college-aged, recreationally active females. HR, VO2, respiratory …


Implementation Of High Intensity Interval Training And Autoregulatory Progressive Resistance Exercise In A Law Enforcement Training Academy, Gabriel J. Martinez, Xin Ma, Stuart A. Best, Benjamin F. Johnson, Mark Abel 2022 University of Kentucky

Implementation Of High Intensity Interval Training And Autoregulatory Progressive Resistance Exercise In A Law Enforcement Training Academy, Gabriel J. Martinez, Xin Ma, Stuart A. Best, Benjamin F. Johnson, Mark Abel

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 1246-1261, 2022. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the feasibility and efficacy of implementing autoregulatory progressive resistance exercise (APRE) and high intensity interval training (HIIT) methodologies to improve physical fitness and occupational physical ability in police cadets. Two law enforcement academy classes were stratified into a standard care academy training cohort (SC; n=32, m=27, f=5) and a high performance cohort (HP; n=31; m=27, f=4) that utilized APRE and HIIT methodologies during a 17-week academy training program. Demographic, internal loading parameters, anthropometric, fitness outcomes (i.e., 1.5-mile run, 1-repetition maximum bench press, sit-up repetitions, …


Application Of Polynomial Regression Model For Joint Stiffness, Youngmin Chun, Craig McGowan, Jinah Kim, Joshua P. Bailey 2022 Sonoma State University

Application Of Polynomial Regression Model For Joint Stiffness, Youngmin Chun, Craig Mcgowan, Jinah Kim, Joshua P. Bailey

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(1): 1236-1245, 2022. Quasi-stiffness (joint stiffness) is often used to characterize leg properties during athletic and other activities and has been reported by a single slope of angle-moment curve. However, the joint angle-moment relationship of some relationship are not effectively represented by a simple linear regression model. Thus, the purpose of this analysis was to investigate the benefits of utilizing a 2nd order polynomial regression (quadratic) model as compared to the linear model when calculating lower extremity joint stiffness incorporating subdivided eccentric phases. Thirty healthy and active college students performed 15 drop jumps from …


Assessing The Role Of Integrins In Contact Guidance By Substratum Topography, Robin S. Hong 2022 Western University

Assessing The Role Of Integrins In Contact Guidance By Substratum Topography, Robin S. Hong

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

In this project, the effect of blocking integrin subunits on contact guidance of human periodontal ligament fibroblasts were assessed. Imaging was gathered through Timelapse imaging of live cells as well as immunohistochemistry of fixed cells at designated timepoints.


Energy Cost Of Reclining, Sitting, And Standing Activities In Chinese Adults, Jiajia Liu, Yiyan Li, Minghui Quan, Jie Zhuang, Zhen-Bo Cao, Zheng Zhu, Yongming Li, Stephen D. Herrmann, Barbara E. Ainsworth 2022 Shanghai University of Sport

Energy Cost Of Reclining, Sitting, And Standing Activities In Chinese Adults, Jiajia Liu, Yiyan Li, Minghui Quan, Jie Zhuang, Zhen-Bo Cao, Zheng Zhu, Yongming Li, Stephen D. Herrmann, Barbara E. Ainsworth

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(7): 1202-1211, 2022. The 2011 Compendium presents MET values for sedentary behaviors (SBs) and light-intensity physical activities (LIPAs). Some entries have estimated METs, others have multiple activities in a single entry, and newer activities are not in the Compendium. Accurate MET values are needed to increase the validity and generalizability of the Compendium. This study measured and analyzed SBs and LIPAs’ energy costs in reclining, sitting, standing postures, and fidgeting. Indirect calorimetry measured the energy costs (VO2, ml.kg-1.min-1) in 11 males and seven females (30.7 ± 7.6 …


Differences In Rate Of Perceived Exertion And Workload Intensity In Males And Females During Submaximal Arm And Leg Ergometry, Konrad J. Dias, Amanda Mungenast, Stephanie Sherwood, Patrick McPherson, Allison Verville, Shannon Eaton, Dustin Nadler 2022 Maryville University of St. Louis

Differences In Rate Of Perceived Exertion And Workload Intensity In Males And Females During Submaximal Arm And Leg Ergometry, Konrad J. Dias, Amanda Mungenast, Stephanie Sherwood, Patrick Mcpherson, Allison Verville, Shannon Eaton, Dustin Nadler

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 1222-1235, 2022. Purpose: Arm ergometry (AE) is necessitated for individuals unable to perform leg ergometry (LE) exercise. This study explored gender differences in RPE and workload (WL) during AE and LE at submaximal target heart rates (THR). Methods: 35 healthy college-aged individuals were randomly allocated to begin exercise on either AE or LE. Participants exercised on both modes with increasing WL to achieve submaximal THRs of 110, 120, 130, 140 and 150 beats per minute (bpm). Factorial ANOVAs tested for differences in RPE and WL. Results: No significant differences were found in RPE between …


Effects Of Varying Load Intensity On Skeletal Muscle Damage Between Two Isovolumic Resistance Exercise Bouts, Lee J. Winchester, Cody E. Morris, Patton Allen, Teresa Wiczynski, Scott W. Arnett, T. Scott Lyons 2022 University of Alabama

Effects Of Varying Load Intensity On Skeletal Muscle Damage Between Two Isovolumic Resistance Exercise Bouts, Lee J. Winchester, Cody E. Morris, Patton Allen, Teresa Wiczynski, Scott W. Arnett, T. Scott Lyons

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 1212-1221, 2022. There are limited data comparing the efficacy of resistance loads within the hypertrophy range for promoting muscular growth, particularly when similar training volumes are utilized. The purpose of this study was to determine if two similar volume-loads, utilizing different intensities, would produce dissimilar muscular damage and inflammation. Eleven resistance-trained, college-aged males participated in this study. After testing 1RM barbell squats, participants completed two similar volume-load barbell squat sessions at two different resistance loads (67% and 85% of 1RM) on two separate visits. Venous blood samples were collected at baseline and one hour …


Sex Differences In Measures Of Wave Reflection And Aortic Arterial Stiffness In Response To Weight Machine Resistance Exercise, Emily K. Erb, Stacie Humm, Sarah Kearney, Anthony G. Pinzone, Michelle A. Kern, J. Derek Kingsley 2022 Kent State University - Kent Campus

Sex Differences In Measures Of Wave Reflection And Aortic Arterial Stiffness In Response To Weight Machine Resistance Exercise, Emily K. Erb, Stacie Humm, Sarah Kearney, Anthony G. Pinzone, Michelle A. Kern, J. Derek Kingsley

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(2): 1190-1201, 2022. While it has been demonstrated that acute resistance exercise (RE) alters measures of wave reflection and aortic arterial stiffness in young, healthy individuals, limited research has evaluated sex differences. Accordingly, we recruited moderately active, resistance-trained men (Age: 22 ± 3yrs, n=12) and women (23 ± 3yrs, n=10) to perform two randomized conditions consisting of an acute bout of weight machine RE or a quiet control (CON). Measures of aortic wave reflection and aortic stiffness were taken at baseline and 15 minutes following the RE (Recovery). At baseline, women had significantly higher heart …


Effects Of Temperature On Growth, Metabolic Rate, And Lower Dissolved Oxygen Tolerance Of Speckled Peacock Bass Cichla Temensis, Manuel E. Coffill-Rivera 2022 Mississippi State University

Effects Of Temperature On Growth, Metabolic Rate, And Lower Dissolved Oxygen Tolerance Of Speckled Peacock Bass Cichla Temensis, Manuel E. Coffill-Rivera

Theses and Dissertations

I examined the effects of temperature (25, 30, and 35°C) on growth, standard metabolic rate (SMR), and lower dissolved oxygen tolerance (LDOT) of juvenile Speckled Peacock Bass Cichla temensis. Fish were acclimated to 150-L aquaria for 7 weeks before the growth, SMR, and LDOT experiments. The growth study lasted 58 days and fish acclimated to 25 and 30°C displayed similar growth rates, while fish acclimated to 35°C had very poor growth rates. The SMR and LDOT experiments were performed using intermittent respirometers. Fish acclimated to 25°C had the lowest SMR, followed by 30°C, and finally 35°C. The highest LDOT …


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