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6,111 full-text articles. Page 5 of 242.

Efficacy Of A 6-Week Suspension Training Exercise Program On Fitness Components In Older Adults, Christina Pierle, Alexander T. McDaniel, Lindsey H. Schroeder, Michel J.H. Heijnen, Wayland Tseh 2022 University of North Carolina - Wilmington

Efficacy Of A 6-Week Suspension Training Exercise Program On Fitness Components In Older Adults, Christina Pierle, Alexander T. Mcdaniel, Lindsey H. Schroeder, Michel J.H. Heijnen, Wayland Tseh

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(3): 1168-1178, 2022. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of a 6-week suspension training exercise program on fitness components in older adults. Eleven participants (age = 80 ± 5 yrs) completed a 6-week suspension training exercise program. Pre- and post-fitness assessments comprised of body composition, handgrip dynamometer, functional reach, and balance. The 6-week suspension training intervention required individuals to perform suspension training exercises for fifty minutes, twice per week. A paired sample t-test was used to determine differences from pre-and post-assessments. An improvement was observed in functional reach (57.2 ± …


The Association Between Handgrip Strength Asymmetry Severity And Future Morbidity Accumulation: Results From The Health And Retirement Study, Lukus Klawitter, Kyle Collins, Dawson Ringhofer, Bryan Christensen, Ryan McGrath 2022 North Dakota State University

The Association Between Handgrip Strength Asymmetry Severity And Future Morbidity Accumulation: Results From The Health And Retirement Study, Lukus Klawitter, Kyle Collins, Dawson Ringhofer, Bryan Christensen, Ryan Mcgrath

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(3): 1133-1141, 2022. Analyzing the severity of handgrip strength (HGS) asymmetry in aging populations may help to screen for morbidities and add utility to handgrip dynamometer testing. Our study sought to determine the relationships between HGS asymmetry severity and future accumulating morbidities in older Americans. Secondary analyses from the 2006-2016 waves of the Health and Retirement Study included 18,506 adults ≥ 50 years old. The highest recorded HGS values from each hand were used to calculate HGS asymmetry ratio (non-dominant HGS/dominant HGS). If the HGS asymmetry ratio < 1.0, it was inversed to make all asymmetry ratios ≥ 1.0. Participants were categorized into groups based on the severity of their HGS asymmetry ratio: 1) 0.0% - 10.0%, 2) 10.1% - 20.0%, 3) 20.1% - 30.0%, and 4) > 30.0%. Healthcare provider-diagnosed morbidities (hypertension, diabetes, cancer, chronic …


Impact Of Acute Uninterrupted Sitting On Cerebrovascular Hemodynamics, Raymond Jones, Dominique McArthur, Stephanie McCoy, Lee Stoner, Simon Fryer, Daniel P. Credeur 2022 University of Alabama, Birmingham

Impact Of Acute Uninterrupted Sitting On Cerebrovascular Hemodynamics, Raymond Jones, Dominique Mcarthur, Stephanie Mccoy, Lee Stoner, Simon Fryer, Daniel P. Credeur

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(2): 1156-1167, 2022. Reductions in brain blood flow are associated with reduced cognitive function and cerebrovascular disease. Acute periods of uninterrupted sitting can lead to endothelial dysfunction, namely due to a reduction in shear stress and subsequent reduction in nitric oxide bioavailability. Little is known of the impact of sitting on brain health. The purpose was to determine the total brain blood flow response following a 60-minute bout of uninterrupted sitting. Using a parallel design, this study evaluated the impact of 60-minutes of sitting on total brain blood flow. Fifteen participants (n=15; age=24 ± …


Effects Of Creatine Supplementation And Progressive Resistance Training In Stroke Survivors, Sara Butchart, Darren G. Candow, Scott Forbes, Cameron Mang, Julianne Gordon, Jongbum Ko, Dalton Deprez, Phil Chilibeck, David Ditor 2022 University of Regina

Effects Of Creatine Supplementation And Progressive Resistance Training In Stroke Survivors, Sara Butchart, Darren G. Candow, Scott Forbes, Cameron Mang, Julianne Gordon, Jongbum Ko, Dalton Deprez, Phil Chilibeck, David Ditor

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(2): 1117-1132, 2022. The purpose was to investigate the effects of progressive resistance training (PRT) and creatine supplementation in stroke survivors. Participants were randomized to one of two groups: creatine (n = 5; 51 ± 16y) or placebo (n = 3; 73 ± 8y) during 10 weeks of supervised PRT. Prior to and following PRT and supplementation, assessments were made for body composition (lean tissue and fat mass), muscle thickness, muscle strength (1-repetition maximum), functional exercise capacity (6-minute walk test, Berg Balance Scale; BBS), cognition (Montreal Cognitive Assessment; MoCA), and symptoms of anxiety …


Muscle Activation Patterns Of The Proximal Medial And Distal Biceps Femoris And Gluteus Maximus Among 6 Hip Extension And Knee Flexion Exercises In Trained Women., Bryn M. Stevens, Ben R. Nichols, Holly I. Doty, John Adam Korak 2022 University of St. Thomas

Muscle Activation Patterns Of The Proximal Medial And Distal Biceps Femoris And Gluteus Maximus Among 6 Hip Extension And Knee Flexion Exercises In Trained Women., Bryn M. Stevens, Ben R. Nichols, Holly I. Doty, John Adam Korak

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(1): 1179-1189, 2022. The biceps femoris (BF) is a double-jointed muscle that performs both hip extension and knee flexion, making it a challenging muscle to train during common resistance training movements. An imbalance between the posterior and anterior chain increases the risk of lower-extremity injury. The purpose of this study was to compare BF proximal (BFprox), BF medial (BFmed), and BF distal (BFdist) peak and mean muscle activation among four hip hinging movements and two knee flexion movements. A secondary variable was gluteus maximus (GMax) muscle activation among the same six movements. Fifteen trained females …


Freely Chosen Cadence Is Increased During Repeated Bouts Of Submaximal Ergometer Pedalling, Andreas Schmidt, Jonas G. Madsen, Magnus K. Hyttel, Ernst A. Hansen 2022 Sport Sciences - Performance and Technology, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University

Freely Chosen Cadence Is Increased During Repeated Bouts Of Submaximal Ergometer Pedalling, Andreas Schmidt, Jonas G. Madsen, Magnus K. Hyttel, Ernst A. Hansen

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(1): 1142-1155, 2022. It was investigated whether the phenomenon of repeated bout rate enhancement occurs during submaximal ergometer cycling. Repeated bout rate enhancement is defined as an increase of the freely, or spontaneously, chosen cadence during repeated bouts of pedalling and has previously been reported for finger tapping. This is relevant to study since cadence can affect biomechanical and physiological responses. Recreationally active individuals (n=27) performed five consecutive 5-min bouts of cycling at 100 W using freely chosen cadence. All bouts were separated by 10-min rest. Cadence, pedal force profile characteristics, heart rate, …


Anticipating Infection: How Parasitism Risk Changes Animal Physiology, Patricia C. Lopes 2022 Chapman University

Anticipating Infection: How Parasitism Risk Changes Animal Physiology, Patricia C. Lopes

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

  1. Uninfected animals can attempt to prevent parasitism in many ways. Behavioural avoidance of parasitized conspecifics, for instance, is documented in several species.
  2. Interactions with parasitized conspecifics can also, however, lead to physiological changes in uninfected animals, an effect that is much less well studied, and consequently, less well understood. The way in which exposure to parasitism risk changes the physiology of uninfected animals and the impacts of those changes on animal fitness remain a significant gap in knowledge.
  3. Determining how the disease environment experienced by animals impacts their physiology, survival and reproduction has major implications for our knowledge of how …


Validation Of Non-Invasive Co2 Tolerance Field Test, Joshua T. Murphey 2022 Boise State University

Validation Of Non-Invasive Co2 Tolerance Field Test, Joshua T. Murphey

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

INTRODUCTION: Breathwork, or the specific act of controlling breathing to elicit a desired outcome, is not only a potential way to improve one’s mental well-being but also to alter adaptative responses through gas exchange at the capillary level. Increasing tolerance to carbon dioxide (CO2) has been positively correlated with improvement in athletic performance and reduction of stress and anxiety. However, there does not exist a validated non-invasive test to accurately measure one’s tolerance to CO2. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to validate the only currently known CO2 tolerance (CO2T) field test …


Expression Of Claudins In Gill And Opercular Membranes In Relation To Osmoregulation In Euryhaline Atlantic Killifish, Fundulus Heteroclitus, Allison McFarland 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Expression Of Claudins In Gill And Opercular Membranes In Relation To Osmoregulation In Euryhaline Atlantic Killifish, Fundulus Heteroclitus, Allison Mcfarland

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Atlantic killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus) are euryhaline teleosts, which means they can thrive in environments with varying salinities, ranging from concentrated seawater (SW) to dilute fresh water (FW) and thus survive in estuaries. To be able to maintain ionic and osmotic homeostasis in these diverse salinities, osmoregulatory organs like gill and opercular membrane must be able to adjust the permeability and transport of water and ions. The surface epithelia in these organs need to prevent the passive flux of ions and water in a drastically changing environment, while being able to switch between active ion secretion or uptake dependent upon environmental …


Location And Conformation Of Titin In Caenorhabditis Elegans Muscle, Gaberielle S. Prince 2022 University of South Alabama

Location And Conformation Of Titin In Caenorhabditis Elegans Muscle, Gaberielle S. Prince

Theses and Dissertations

Striated muscles consist of contractile myofibrils that generate force. The repeating units (sarcomeres) of striated myofibrils contain thin & thick filaments composed of actin and myosin. In vertebrates, titin connects thin & thick filaments during myofibril assembly and produces passive tension. Invertebrate homologs of vertebrate titin are similar in structure molecularly. However, invertebrate titin homologs are smaller than vertebrate titin, and likely function differently within invertebrate muscles. Here, I used Ce-TTN-1, a titin homolog in the invertebrate roundworm C elegans. To visualize Ce-TTN-1 in C. elegans, I used Nested CRISPR gene editing to generate translational fusions of a red fluorescent …


Engineering Of Ideal Systems For The Study And Direction Of Stem Cell Asymmetrical Division And Fate Determination, Martina Zamponi 2022 Old Dominion University

Engineering Of Ideal Systems For The Study And Direction Of Stem Cell Asymmetrical Division And Fate Determination, Martina Zamponi

Biomedical Engineering Theses & Dissertations

The cellular microenvironment varies significantly across tissues, and it is constituted by both resident cells and the macromolecules they are exposed to. Cues that the cells receive from the microenvironment, as well as the signaling transmitted to it, affect their physiology and behavior. This notion is valid in the context of stem cells, which are susceptible to biochemical and biomechanical signaling exchanged with the microenvironment, and which plays a fundamental role in establishing fate determination and cell differentiation events. The definition of the molecular mechanisms that drive stem cell asymmetrical division, and how these are modulated by microenvironmental signaling, is …


The Role Of The Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 2 In Pancreatic Cancer: Mechanisms Of Tumor Immunosuppression And Intestinal Radioprotection, Carolina Garcia Garcia 2022 The Texas Medical Center Library

The Role Of The Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 2 In Pancreatic Cancer: Mechanisms Of Tumor Immunosuppression And Intestinal Radioprotection, Carolina Garcia Garcia

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a devastating disease with dismal prognosis. The only curative option for patients is surgery, but over 80% of patients are not surgical candidates. Unfortunately, PDAC is resistant to the three remaining options. PDAC is characterized by a profoundly hypoxic and immunosuppressive stroma, which contributes to its therapeutic recalcitrance. Alpha-smooth muscle actin+ (αSMA+) cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are the most abundant stromal component, as well as mediators of stromal deposition. The hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF1 and HIF2) coordinate responses to hypoxia, yet, despite their known association to poor patient outcomes, their functions within the PDAC tumor microenvironment (TME) …


Physical Activity And Mindfulness Are Associated With Lower Anxiety In Different But Complementary Ways, Allison L. Mizzi, Antony D. Karelis, Jennifer J. Heisz 2022 McMaster University

Physical Activity And Mindfulness Are Associated With Lower Anxiety In Different But Complementary Ways, Allison L. Mizzi, Antony D. Karelis, Jennifer J. Heisz

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(7): 1075-1084, 2022. Introduction: Anxiety is the most prevalent mental illness worldwide. Physical activity and mindfulness both reduce anxiety. The two are highly related; however, the relative association of physical activity and mindfulness on anxiety has yet to be examined. The present study aimed to evaluate the unique variance accounted for by physical activity and mindfulness on anxiety. Methods: Fifty young adults from a student population (M ± SD = 19 ± 0.2 years old; 58% female) reported their physical activity, mindfulness, and anxiety symptoms at the start of the study and reported their change …


Impact Of An Acute Bout Of Submaximal Aerobic Exercise On Circulating Leukocytes In Individuals With Spinal Cord Injury, Garett S. Jackson, Kendra R. Todd, Jan W. van der Scheer, Jeremy J. Walsh, Gabriel U. Dix, Kathleen A. Martin Ginis, Jonathan P. Little 2022 University of British Columbia, Okanagan

Impact Of An Acute Bout Of Submaximal Aerobic Exercise On Circulating Leukocytes In Individuals With Spinal Cord Injury, Garett S. Jackson, Kendra R. Todd, Jan W. Van Der Scheer, Jeremy J. Walsh, Gabriel U. Dix, Kathleen A. Martin Ginis, Jonathan P. Little

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(3): 1085-1104, 2022. Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) may experience cardiovascular, musculoskeletal and organ function dysregulation. Sequelae include reduced catecholamine secretion and attenuated immune responses which may impact exercise-induced leukocytosis. The purpose of this study was to characterize major leukocyte subtypes following 30 minutes of acute, submaximal aerobic exercise, in line with updated international SCI exercise guidelines for adults. It was hypothesized that exercise would increase major leukocyte subtypes when compared to fasted baseline. Eight participants with SCI (incomplete n = 6; complete n = 2) completed a 30-minute bout of aerobic exercise on …


Aerobic Performance Detriments While Wearing A Face Mask Diverge Among Males And Females, Jose M. Moris, Yunsuk Koh 2022 Baylor University

Aerobic Performance Detriments While Wearing A Face Mask Diverge Among Males And Females, Jose M. Moris, Yunsuk Koh

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(2): 1105-1116, 2022. The current study examined the impact of wearing a face mask (FM) at rest and while exercising on cardiorespiratory variables and aerobic performance between males and females. Nine males (21.4 ± 0.5 yr) and 9 females (21.8 ± 3.6 yr) performed a pulmonary function test and a graded maximal exercise test (GXT) on a treadmill with an FM and without an FM in random order. During the GXT, cardiorespiratory variables were measured at different exercise intensities (rest, 40%, 55%, 70%, 80%, 100% of VO2max) and during recovery. Regardless of sex, …


The Acute Effect Of In Natura Beetroot Juice Intake On Intra-Session Exercise Sequences During Concurrent Training, Diego Souza, Julio Ribeiro, Andrea Simão, Millán Aguilar-Navarro, MARCOS POLITO 2022 Camilo José Cela University

The Acute Effect Of In Natura Beetroot Juice Intake On Intra-Session Exercise Sequences During Concurrent Training, Diego Souza, Julio Ribeiro, Andrea Simão, Millán Aguilar-Navarro, Marcos Polito

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(2): 1075-1085, 2022. The purpose of this study was to analyze the acute effects of in natura beetroot juice intake on intra-session exercise sequences during concurrent training. Following a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled crossover design, 20 well-trained men (21.4 ± 2.9 years; 74.8 ± 6.3 kg; 175.7 ± 5.0 cm) performed two concurrent training sessions with different intra-session exercise sequences: CT1 (aerobic exercise + resistance exercises) and CT2 (resistance exercises + aerobic exercise). The resistance exercises were bench-press, lat-pull down, and shoulder-press (three sets to failure; 2 s cadence for the concentric and eccentric phases; 90 …


Investigating The Psychophysiological Response To Grade One Muscular Injury In Professional Australian Football Athletes, Billymo Rist, Alan J. Pearce, Anthea C. Clarke 2022 La Trobe University

Investigating The Psychophysiological Response To Grade One Muscular Injury In Professional Australian Football Athletes, Billymo Rist, Alan J. Pearce, Anthea C. Clarke

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(5): 1052-1063, 2022. The purpose of this study was to examine Australian Football athletes’ responses to a grade one muscular injury from a psychophysiological perspective to understand the strength of the association between stress, optimism, and cortisol. Forty-five players listed with one professional Australian Football club volunteered for this study. Inclusion criteria consisted of sustaining a muscular injury during the course of the season with four-weeks predicted recovery time (as diagnosed by club medical staff, n=9). The control group were age, position, and career history matched players from the same sample. Players were also matched …


Living Situation And Physical Activity In The Covid-19 Pandemic Among American Private University Students, Eduardo Gonzalez Villarreal, Laura S. Kabiri, Cassandra S. Diep, Hedi Y. Perkins, Amanda M. Perkins-Ball, Augusto X. Rodriguez 2022 Rice University

Living Situation And Physical Activity In The Covid-19 Pandemic Among American Private University Students, Eduardo Gonzalez Villarreal, Laura S. Kabiri, Cassandra S. Diep, Hedi Y. Perkins, Amanda M. Perkins-Ball, Augusto X. Rodriguez

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 1064-1074, 2022. Many university students experienced changes during the COVID-19 pandemic, including potential changes in physical activity (PA) levels and living situation. As PA behaviors in young adulthood help establish life-long habits and future health outcomes, the purpose of this study was to investigate overall change in PA, as well as change in PA due to living situation, among private university students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Private university students (n = 109) between 18 and 25 years of age completed an online survey that included the International Physical Activity Questionnaire – Short Form. T-tests …


Short-Term Effects Of Repeated-Sprint Training On Vertical Jump Ability And Aerobic Fitness In Collegiate Volleyball Players During Pre-Season, Petrus Gantois, Gilmário Ricarte Batista, Leonardo Sousa Fortes, Arnaldo Luís Mortatti, MATHEUS DANTAS, Daniel Gomes da Silva Machado, Breno Guilherme de Araújo Ticoco Cabral 2022 Federal University of Paraiba

Short-Term Effects Of Repeated-Sprint Training On Vertical Jump Ability And Aerobic Fitness In Collegiate Volleyball Players During Pre-Season, Petrus Gantois, Gilmário Ricarte Batista, Leonardo Sousa Fortes, Arnaldo Luís Mortatti, Matheus Dantas, Daniel Gomes Da Silva Machado, Breno Guilherme De Araújo Ticoco Cabral

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(6): 1040-1051, 2022. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of repeated-sprint training (RST) on vertical jump ability and aerobic power in college volleyball players. Nineteen male volleyball players, aged between 18-24 years, were randomized into the RST group (RST; n = 10) and control group (CG; n = 9). The RST included 2-3 sets of 6x30m all-out sprints, twice per week, in addition to the regular training routine. The control group performed only the regular volleyball training sessions (i.e. mainly of technical-tactical drills). All players performed a maximal graded treadmill test, …


Health And Fitness Comparisons Among Middle-Aged And Older Adults With Long-Term Participation In Four Different Sports, Peixuan Zheng, Lei Zhang, Feng Shi, Kaiwen Man, Elroy J. Aguiar 2022 The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA

Health And Fitness Comparisons Among Middle-Aged And Older Adults With Long-Term Participation In Four Different Sports, Peixuan Zheng, Lei Zhang, Feng Shi, Kaiwen Man, Elroy J. Aguiar

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(6): 1028-1039, 2022. Physical activity is known to confer numerous health benefits. However, few studies have assessed the prolonged impact of participation in different sports on health and fitness. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to compare the impact of long-term participation (i.e., ≥9 years) in four different sports, including two traditional Chinese (Tai Chi; diabolo) and two modern sports (aerobics; track and field [TF]) on health and fitness measures among middle-aged and older adults. Participants (n=252, 56.6±8.5y, 66% female) completed the following measures: height, weight, BMI, waist circumference, waist-hip ratio (WHR), body fat%, …


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