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Individual Fluctuations In Blood Lactate Concentration During An Ice Hockey Game; Differences Between Player Positions, Nestor Lögdal, Marko S. Laaksonen, Erik P. Andersson 2022 Mid Sweden University; University of Gävle

Individual Fluctuations In Blood Lactate Concentration During An Ice Hockey Game; Differences Between Player Positions, Nestor Lögdal, Marko S. Laaksonen, Erik P. Andersson

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(6): 985-993, 2022. The main purpose of the current study was to provide an in-depth description of individual player’s intra-game physiological responses during an ice hockey game. A secondary aim was to compare these responses between forwards and defensemen. Six elite junior ice hockey players, three forwards and three defensemen, median (interquartile range) 17 (17–17) years, 182 (180–185) cm, and 78 (74– 80) kg were recruited to participate in the study. Capillary blood samples were taken following each shift and analyzed for blood lactate concentration (BLC). Heart rate (HR) was registered continuously throughout the game. …


Relationships Between Lower-Body Power, Sprint And Change Of Direction Speed Among Collegiate Basketball Players By Sex, Javier A. Zaragoza, Quincy R. Johson, Daniel J. Lawson, Elizabeth L. Alfaro, J. Jay Dawes, Doug B. Smith 2022 Oklahoma State University

Relationships Between Lower-Body Power, Sprint And Change Of Direction Speed Among Collegiate Basketball Players By Sex, Javier A. Zaragoza, Quincy R. Johson, Daniel J. Lawson, Elizabeth L. Alfaro, J. Jay Dawes, Doug B. Smith

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(6): 974-984, 2022. The purpose of this study was to determine if significant relationships exist between absolute and relative lower-body power and selected measures of speed among male and female collegiate basketball players. Archived performance testing data from 29 (male = 14; female = 15) NCAA division II collegiate basketball players were used for this analysis. These measures included lane agility, 10-yard sprint, and shuttle run time (sec). A Pearson’s correlation coefficient was used to determine if significant relationships existed between measures of lower-body power and linear sprint time, change of direction speed (CODS), and …


Immediate Effect Of Warm-Up On Single-Leg Balance In Individuals With And Without Functional Ankle Instability, Emily Abalos, You-jou Hung 2022 Angelo State University

Immediate Effect Of Warm-Up On Single-Leg Balance In Individuals With And Without Functional Ankle Instability, Emily Abalos, You-Jou Hung

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(3): 1019-1027, 2022. Ankle sprains account for about 20% of all sports injuries in the United States. About 5-10 minutes of general warm-up is recommended to enhance performance and reduce injuries. However, its immediate impact on single-leg balance is unclear. The purpose of the study was to examine if different warm-up protocols could impact single-leg balance in individuals with and without functional ankle instability. Thirty volunteers (aged 19-29 years) participated in the study. The Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool was used to examine functional ankle stability and the Athletic Single-leg Stability Test of the Biodex Balance …


Efficacy Of Six Weeks Stability Exercises On The Glenohumeral Joint Of Female Tennis Players With Scapular Dyskinesia, Sahar Modares Gorji, Omid Kazemi, Parisa Shahrzad, Paulo H. Marchetti 2022 Arak University

Efficacy Of Six Weeks Stability Exercises On The Glenohumeral Joint Of Female Tennis Players With Scapular Dyskinesia, Sahar Modares Gorji, Omid Kazemi, Parisa Shahrzad, Paulo H. Marchetti

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(3): 962-973, 2022. Background: Stabilizing exercises reduce pain intensity, improves shoulder position and scapular function, and provides an appropriate strategy for the improvement of scapular dyskinesia. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of six weeks of stability exercises (stretching-strengthening) on joint proprioception, strength, and range of motion of the glenohumeral joint in female tennis players with scapular dyskinesia. Methods: Thirty-six female elite tennis players with scapular dyskinesia in both experimental and control groups participated in this study. Goniometer, Isokinetic and Biodex devices were used to evaluate the range of motion, internal …


Sex Differences In The Glycemic Response To Structured Exercise Interventions In Type Ii Diabetes Mellitus Adults: A Systematic Review, Amaya Prat-Luri, Alejandro Lopez-Valenciano, Elena Sarabia-Cachadiña, Gary Liguori, Francisco Ayala 2022 Miguel Hernandez University

Sex Differences In The Glycemic Response To Structured Exercise Interventions In Type Ii Diabetes Mellitus Adults: A Systematic Review, Amaya Prat-Luri, Alejandro Lopez-Valenciano, Elena Sarabia-Cachadiña, Gary Liguori, Francisco Ayala

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(3): 948-961, 2022. Despite physiological sex differences in the prevalence, pathogenesis, and responses to pharmacologic therapies of glucose metabolism in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and the current evidence regarding the benefits of physical activity in people with T2DM, there is still a lack of information about the response to physical activity in T2DM depending on the sex. Thus, the aim of the present systematic review was to analyze the physiological sex differences response to physical activity programs in adults with T2DM. A systematic review following PRISMA guidelines was performed up to 4th January …


Acute Low-Dose Capsiate Supplementation Improves Upper Body Resistance Exercise Performance In Trained Men: A Randomized, Crossover And Double-Blind Study, Helton Pereira dos Santos Nunes de Moura, Jason Michael Cholewa, Ralf Jaeger, Eduardo Zapaterra Campos, Bruno Viana Rosa, Flavio Antônio de Sousa Nunes, Clara Clara Andressa de Araújo Barros, Priscila Almeida Queiroz Rossi, Jose Gerosa-Neto, Nelo E. Zanchi, Fabricio Eduardo Rossi 2022 Federal University of Piaui

Acute Low-Dose Capsiate Supplementation Improves Upper Body Resistance Exercise Performance In Trained Men: A Randomized, Crossover And Double-Blind Study, Helton Pereira Dos Santos Nunes De Moura, Jason Michael Cholewa, Ralf Jaeger, Eduardo Zapaterra Campos, Bruno Viana Rosa, Flavio Antônio De Sousa Nunes, Clara Clara Andressa De Araújo Barros, Priscila Almeida Queiroz Rossi, Jose Gerosa-Neto, Nelo E. Zanchi, Fabricio Eduardo Rossi

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(2): 1007-1018, 2022. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two acute doses of Capsiate (CAP; 6 vs. 12 mg) on upper body resistance exercise performance in trained men. Methods: Using a randomized, crossover and double-blind design, 20 resistance-trained males were supplemented with low-dose CAP (6 mg), high-dose CAP (12 mg) or placebo 45 minutes before exercise. Subjects performed 4 sets of bench press with repetitions to failure at 70% 1 repetition maximum (1RM) and 2 minutes of rest between each set. The ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) and blood …


The Biomechanical Effects Of Percussive Therapy Treatment On Jump Performance, Fany Alvarado, Kevin Valenzuela, Amanda Finn, Elizabeth L. Avila, Jill Crussemeyer, Mikiko Nakajima 2022 California State University Long Beach

The Biomechanical Effects Of Percussive Therapy Treatment On Jump Performance, Fany Alvarado, Kevin Valenzuela, Amanda Finn, Elizabeth L. Avila, Jill Crussemeyer, Mikiko Nakajima

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(1): 994-1006, 2022. Percussive therapy treatment is one form of myofascial release that has gained popularity amongst the sport community. It has been suggested that percussive therapy treatment may improve range of motion and improve athletic performance, but these claims are largely anecdotal. Currently, the effects of percussive therapy treatment on performance of athletic tasks is relatively unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to assess the effects of percussive therapy treatment on jump performance and passive range of motion. Twenty-six recreationally active college individuals performed countermovement jump and drop jump activities on two …


The Effects Of Temperature And Oxygen Availability On Aerobic Performance In Three Coastal Shark Species; Squalus Acanthias, Carcharhinus Limbatus, And Carcharhinus Leucas, Alyssa M. Andres 2022 University of South Florida

The Effects Of Temperature And Oxygen Availability On Aerobic Performance In Three Coastal Shark Species; Squalus Acanthias, Carcharhinus Limbatus, And Carcharhinus Leucas, Alyssa M. Andres

USF Tampa Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Anthropogenically driven climate changes are altering marine habitats globally. Rising sea surface temperatures and coastal eutrophication, arising from global warming and coastal nutrient loading, have resulted in progressive ocean deoxygenation. This may restrict available habitat of marine organisms as studies suggest that the balance between metabolic oxygen demand and environmental supply plays an important role in limiting viable habitat and species fitness. As ectothermic predators, with temperature-dependent metabolism and high metabolic demands, coastal shark species may be susceptible to shifts in ocean temperature and oxygen. Such environmental changes may alter metabolic performance and ultimately success and survival within shark habitat. …


Bridging The Gap: Using College Athlete Support Services As Justification For Human Development In A Commercialized Sport Management, Sayvon JL Foster, Calvin Nite 2022 Texas A&M University

Bridging The Gap: Using College Athlete Support Services As Justification For Human Development In A Commercialized Sport Management, Sayvon Jl Foster, Calvin Nite

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(6): 934-947, 2022. This study investigates the presence of competing educational foundations within college athlete support service units across the 65 ‘Power Five’ conferences to call for more human development elements within sport management education and training. To determine the orientation of professionals within these units, educational foundation is used as the measure given the role education holds in establishing and communicating norms, values, and rules of practice for professionals within the discipline. Information was gathered through staff biographies and triangulated through secondary sources (university archives and social media accounts – LinkedIn and Twitter). Of …


Manipulating Resistance Training Variables To Induce Muscle Strength And Hypertrophy: A Brief Narrative Review., Julio Benvenutti Bueno de Camargo, Felipe Alves Brigatto, Rafael Sakai Zaroni, Thiago Barbosa Trindade, Moises Diego Germano, Antonio Carlos Tavares Júnior, Thiago Pires De Oliveira, Paulo Henrique Marchetti, Jonato Prestes, Charles Ricardo Lopes 2022 Methodist University of Piracicaba, Sao Paulo

Manipulating Resistance Training Variables To Induce Muscle Strength And Hypertrophy: A Brief Narrative Review., Julio Benvenutti Bueno De Camargo, Felipe Alves Brigatto, Rafael Sakai Zaroni, Thiago Barbosa Trindade, Moises Diego Germano, Antonio Carlos Tavares Júnior, Thiago Pires De Oliveira, Paulo Henrique Marchetti, Jonato Prestes, Charles Ricardo Lopes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 910-933, 2022. The regular practice of resistance training (RT) has been shown to induce relevant increases in both muscle strength and size. In order to maximize these adaptations, the proper manipulation of RT variables is warranted. In this sense, the aim of the present study was to review the available literature that has examined the application of the acute training variables and their influence on strength and morphological adaptations of healthy young adults. The information presented in this study may represent a relevant approach to proper training design. Therefore, strength and conditioning coaches may …


Utilizing Heart Rate And Rpe To Prescribe Cycle Ergometer Hiit In Older Adults: A Feasibility Study, Christopher J. Keating, Pedro Ángel Latorre Román, José Carlos Cabrera Linares, Ana de la Casa Pérez, Juan Antonio Párraga Montilla 2022 University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, Mississippi, U.S.A.

Utilizing Heart Rate And Rpe To Prescribe Cycle Ergometer Hiit In Older Adults: A Feasibility Study, Christopher J. Keating, Pedro Ángel Latorre Román, José Carlos Cabrera Linares, Ana De La Casa Pérez, Juan Antonio Párraga Montilla

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 896-909, 2022. Previous research has provided evidence that aerobic HIIT exercise can induce important physiological adaptations and elicit improvements in health and fitness parameters. However, most of the research has taken place in a laboratory setting with specialized equipment and monitoring devices. It begs the question, is HIIT accessible to the general aging population? The objective of the current research was to employ an age-predicted HRmax to prescribe a minimally invasive 4x4 cycle ergometer HIIT protocol. Ten participants (age: 64.2 ± 6.1) completed a non-weight-bearing cycle ergometer protocol for 6 weeks. Significant Pearson correlations …


Renal Cell Carcinoma Of Pelvic Kidney With Atypical Nodal Metastasis: A Diagnostic Challenge, Roshan-E-Shahid Rana, Muhammad Hammad Ather 2022 Aga Khan University

Renal Cell Carcinoma Of Pelvic Kidney With Atypical Nodal Metastasis: A Diagnostic Challenge, Roshan-E-Shahid Rana, Muhammad Hammad Ather

Section of Urology

Ectopic pelvic kidney is a known congenital anomaly; however, the presence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in an ectopic kidney is rare with the evidence available in the form of a few case reports only. In this case report, we present a case of metastatic RCC in the pelvic kidney which became a diagnostic challenge because of atypical contrast-enhanced computed tomographic (CT) characteristics and unusual pattern of lymph node involvement including cervical lymph node in the absence of visceral metastasis. Because of its unusual location and uncertain vascular anatomy, ectopic kidney poses a surgical challenge. Owing to the rarity of …


Post-Exercise Arterial Stiffness Responses Are Similar After Acute Eccentric And Concentric Arm Cycling, Travis R. Wakeham, Dakota J. Anderson, Steven J. Elmer, John J. Durocher 2022 Michigan Technological University

Post-Exercise Arterial Stiffness Responses Are Similar After Acute Eccentric And Concentric Arm Cycling, Travis R. Wakeham, Dakota J. Anderson, Steven J. Elmer, John J. Durocher

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(2): 884-895, 2022. Upper-body resistance exercise effectively increases muscular strength, but may concomitantly increase arterial stiffness. Eccentric exercise can lead to muscle soreness and arterial stiffness in untrained participants. However, it is unclear if upper-body eccentric exercise could reduce arterial stiffness in a single session for participants that have undergone progressive training. Our purpose was to compare acute responses to upper-body eccentric (novel, ECCarm) and concentric (traditional, CONarm) steady state arm cycling. We hypothesized that arm arterial stiffness would be reduced after both ECCarm and CONarm. Twenty-two young healthy individuals performed either ECCarm (n …


Effectiveness Of Adeno-Associated Virus In H9c2 Cardiomyoblast And Hek293t Cell Lines, Cristian Saenz, Andres J. Medina, Genaro A. Ramirez-Correa 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Effectiveness Of Adeno-Associated Virus In H9c2 Cardiomyoblast And Hek293t Cell Lines, Cristian Saenz, Andres J. Medina, Genaro A. Ramirez-Correa

MEDI 8127 Scholarly Activities Pre-Clerkship

Diabetes mellitus type 2 (DMT2) is a prevalent disease that affects many people throughout the world leading to issues such as diabetic cardiomyopathy. O-GlcNAcylation dysregulation, caused by increased levels of serum glucose, contributes to the pathophysiology of decreased cardiac function. O-GlcNAcylation modulates cardiac contraction by reacting with either serine or threonine residues. Our goal was to demonstrate the success of infection of adeno-associated virus 9 (AAV9) carrying the gene of alpha-cardiac actin (ACTC) mutated at Thr326. Here we show the expression of the mutant ACTC T326D in H9C2 cardiomyoblasts and HEK293T cell lines. Expression in H9C2 cells was significantly increased …


Positive Rate-Dependent Action Potential Prolongation By Modulating Potassium Ion Channels, Candido Cabo 2022 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Positive Rate-Dependent Action Potential Prolongation By Modulating Potassium Ion Channels, Candido Cabo

Publications and Research

Pharmacological agents that prolong action potential duration (APD) to a larger extent at slow rates than at the fast excitation rates typical of ventricular tachycardia exhibit reverse rate dependence. Reverse rate dependence has been linked to the lack of efficacy of class III agents at preventing arrhythmias because the doses required to have an anti-arrhythmic effect at fast rates may have pro-arrhythmic effects at slow rates due to an excessive APD prolongation. In this report we show that, in computer models of the ventricular action potential, APD prolongation by accelerating phase 2 repolarization (by increasing IKs) and decelerating …


Effects Of Self-Myofascial Release Instruments On Performance And Recovery: An Umbrella Review, Ricardo M. Ferreira, Pedro N. Martins, Rui S. Gonçalves 2022 IPMAIA

Effects Of Self-Myofascial Release Instruments On Performance And Recovery: An Umbrella Review, Ricardo M. Ferreira, Pedro N. Martins, Rui S. Gonçalves

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(3): 861-883, 2022. Introduction: Currently, the use of self-myofascial release (SMR) instruments is not uncommon in our society, especially in sports. The most common SMR instruments are foam rollers, roller massagers, and balls. Regardless of the instrument used, the main objectives are to enhance performance and recovery. Nevertheless, many studies point out that there is still a lack of robust scientific evidence documenting the exact mechanisms that explain its true effects, therefore some authors affirm that the reported benefits are anecdotal in nature. Objective: This overview aims to summarize, from systematic reviews, the effectiveness of …


The Effects Of Acute Caffeine Supplementation On Repeated-Sprint Ability In Healthy Young Non-Athletes, Michael D. Belbis, Peter J. Chomentowski 3rd, Clayton L. Camic, Steve M. Howell, Shuqi Zhang 2022 Purdue University, West Lafayette

The Effects Of Acute Caffeine Supplementation On Repeated-Sprint Ability In Healthy Young Non-Athletes, Michael D. Belbis, Peter J. Chomentowski 3rd, Clayton L. Camic, Steve M. Howell, Shuqi Zhang

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(2): 846-860, 2022. The ergogenic effects of caffeine supplementation on repeated-sprint ability (RSA) have produced equivocal results. This study aimed to examine the effects of 200 mg of caffeine during repeated-sprint running on heart rate (HR), rating of perceived exertion (RPE), blood lactate (BLa) concentration, and sprint time (ST). Thirty-two individuals (males: n = 17, females: n = 15; age: 22 ± 1 years) participated in the study. The study followed a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover design, in which each participant ingested 200 mg of caffeine or placebo on separate visits 60 minutes prior to …


Acute Handgrip Fatigue And Forearm Girth In Recreational Sport Rock Climbers, Grace Antoinette Macdonald, Jacob W. Manning, Nathaniel Bodell, John C. Young, Brian K. Schilling, Szu-Ping Lee, James W. Navalta 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Acute Handgrip Fatigue And Forearm Girth In Recreational Sport Rock Climbers, Grace Antoinette Macdonald, Jacob W. Manning, Nathaniel Bodell, John C. Young, Brian K. Schilling, Szu-Ping Lee, James W. Navalta

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 834-845, 2022. Indoor sport rock climbing has been increasing in popularity both recreationally and competitively. Despite this increase in popularity, the physiological responses to sport climbing as an exercise to specific muscle groups are not well defined. The purpose of this study was to quantify the change in handgrip strength over a 30-minute bout of continuous climbing, specifically in intermediate-level sport climbers. Ten intermediate rock climbers (age = 27 ± 2 years; climbing experience: 7.3 ± 1.5 years) completed baseline handgrip strength and forearm girth measurements. Each participant ascended one of two 5.9 difficulty …


Development Of A Standard Push-Up Scale For College-Aged Females, Melanie M. Adams, Sophie A. Hatch, Elizabeth G. Winsor, Caitlyn Parmelee 2022 Keene State College

Development Of A Standard Push-Up Scale For College-Aged Females, Melanie M. Adams, Sophie A. Hatch, Elizabeth G. Winsor, Caitlyn Parmelee

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 820-833, 2022. The ACSM/CESP push-up test exemplifies the limiting nature of the gender binary in fitness. Males perform the standard push-up (from toes) while females perform the modified push-up (from knees), even if capable of multiple standard push-ups. Differences in upper body strength are used to justify the test protocol. Though the load difference between modified and standard positions is substantially less than the gender strength gap. Additionally, current fitness ratings are over 30 years old. The purpose of this study was to develop a new standard push-up rating scale for college-age females. Cis-female …


Lifestyle Choices And Risk Of Developing Cardiovascular Disease In College Students, Dieu-My T. Tran, Angela E. Silvestri-Elmore, Angela Sojobi 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Lifestyle Choices And Risk Of Developing Cardiovascular Disease In College Students, Dieu-My T. Tran, Angela E. Silvestri-Elmore, Angela Sojobi

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(2): 808-819, 2022. The purpose of the study was to examine and evaluate the cardiovascular risk factors in college students including their nutritional and social choices and how those choices related to their cardiovascular health. A descriptive, cross-sectional study of 148 college students, obtaining their blood pressure, body mass index, fasting lipid panel, fasting glucose, hemoglobin A1c, serum cotinine levels, physical activity, alcohol consumption, and dietary habits. A high prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors was found: 23.8% were current or past smokers with more male than female smokers (p = .009); 65.5% consumed …


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