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Bridging Thermochemical And Biochemical Conversion: Impact Of Biochar Addition On The Anaerobic Digestion Of Aqueous Pyrolysis Condensate, Neha Batta 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Bridging Thermochemical And Biochemical Conversion: Impact Of Biochar Addition On The Anaerobic Digestion Of Aqueous Pyrolysis Condensate, Neha Batta

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Profitable treatment of low value waste biomass is one of the biggest challenges of the industry. Where most of the current treatment strategies, such as pyrolysis, are efficient in complete breakdown of hard to synthesize, low value waste biomass such as lignocellulosic wastes, it leads to the generation of secondary waste thereby compromising its efficiency. The aim of this research is to utilize the aqueous pyrolysis condensate as a feedstock for anaerobic digestion, previously adapting the microbial consortia to the acidity and other potential organic inhibitors present in the APC, to produce energy in the form of biogas following the ...


Micro-Physiological Models To Mimic Mucosal Barrier Complexity Of The Human Intestine In Vitro, Abhinav Sharma 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Micro-Physiological Models To Mimic Mucosal Barrier Complexity Of The Human Intestine In Vitro, Abhinav Sharma

Doctoral Dissertations

The mucosal barrier in the intestine is vital to maintain selective absorption of nutrients while protecting internal tissues and maintaining symbiotic relationship with luminal microbiota. This bio-barrier consists of a cellular epithelial barrier and an acellular mucus barrier. Secreted mucus regulates barrier function via in situ biochemical and biophysical interaction with luminal content that continually evolves during digestion and absorption. Increasing evidence suggests that a mucus barrier is indispensable to maintain homeostasis in the gastrointestinal tract. However, the importance of mucus barrier is largely underrated for in vitro mucosal tissue modeling. The major gap is the lack of experimental material ...


Investigating The Role Of Noncoding Regulatory Dna In Plasmid Development For Yarrowia Lipolytica, Carmen Lopez, Mingfeng Cao, Zhanyi Yao, Zengyi Shao 2020 Iowa State University

Investigating The Role Of Noncoding Regulatory Dna In Plasmid Development For Yarrowia Lipolytica, Carmen Lopez, Mingfeng Cao, Zhanyi Yao, Zengyi Shao

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Production of industrially relevant compounds in microbial cell factories can employ either genomes or plasmids as an expression platform. Selection of plasmids as pathway carriers is advantageous for rapid demonstration but poses a challenge of stability. Yarrowia lipolytica has attracted great attention in the past decade for the biosynthesis of chemicals related to fatty acids at titers attractive to industry, and many genetic tools have been developed to explore its oleaginous potential. Our recent studies on the autonomously replicating sequences (ARSs) of nonconventional yeasts revealed that the ARSs fromY. lipolytica showcase a unique structure that includes a previously unannotated ...


Atherosclerosis: Pathology, Role Of Sd-Ldl, Particle Size Characterization Of Sd-Ldl With Multiangle Light Scattering, Akshay Sudhakar Ukey 2020 Western Michigan University

Atherosclerosis: Pathology, Role Of Sd-Ldl, Particle Size Characterization Of Sd-Ldl With Multiangle Light Scattering, Akshay Sudhakar Ukey

Master's Theses

Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease due to the accumulation of lipids in the inner wall of arteries. As per the report of Center of Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC), 1 in every 4 deaths is due to heart diseases each year. Atherosclerosis occurs when artery walls harden by the buildup of cholesterol, forming multiple atherosclerotic plaques within the aorta (4). Out of the modern medicines available to control cholesterol, statin is amongst the foremost widely used because it is both safe and effective in lowering high risk patients (9). However, usage of high statins dosage typically leads to some mild ...


Physical And Chemical Characteristics Of Supramolecular Complexes Of Glycirrizinic Acid With Phytohormones, DJURAEV Tulqin, ESANOV Rakhmatillo, GAFUROV Makhmudjon, KUSHIEV Khabibjon 2020 Gulistan State University

Physical And Chemical Characteristics Of Supramolecular Complexes Of Glycirrizinic Acid With Phytohormones, Djuraev Tulqin, Esanov Rakhmatillo, Gafurov Makhmudjon, Kushiev Khabibjon

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The process of formation of supramolecular complexes of glycyrrhizinic acid with some phytohormones (indolylacetic acid, indolylbutyric acid, α-naphthyl acetic acid and kinetin) were studied with the aim of creation the plant growth stimulator. The complexes structure was studied using IR and UV spectroscopy methods. The prepared compounds described by some physicochemical parameters. The stability constants and stoichiometric composition of complexes were determined in an aqueous solution at pH of 7,2 using UV spectrometry method. In result, all complexes have composition as 1:1 ratio, except the kinetin complex which has 2:1 ratio. The stability constants were equal: KGA ...


Study Of The Process For The Removal Of Dyeing Matters Of The Plant Occimum Basilicum L. Lamiaceae, USMONJONOVA Khulkar, ATKHAMOVA Saida, DODAEV Kuchkor 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technological Institute

Study Of The Process For The Removal Of Dyeing Matters Of The Plant Occimum Basilicum L. Lamiaceae, Usmonjonova Khulkar, Atkhamova Saida, Dodaev Kuchkor

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of the work is dedicated isolation of anthocyanins by ethanol from herbal plant of Occimum basilicum L. Lamiaceae basis. The were studied influencing of temperature, concentration of ethanol to isolation of anthocyanins. There were passed investigations on studying influence level of heating and hydromodule system of rav material-solvent to maximal isolating of anthocyanins. The colors define by fotokolorometrical method at wave length 400-600 nm. There are shown at 540 nm maximal peak of anthocyanins and it is geven as a grapfical diagram. From the obtained depends on content of alcohol in aquatic solution from outlet of colors is ...


Study Of Recombinant Protein Fractions From The Bombyx Mori And Pichia Pastoris Using "Native Page" Method, Abdurhakhmanov aloliddin, Sasmakov Sobirdjan, Khasanov Shuhrat, Ashirov Оybek 2020 Institute of the Chemistry of Plant Substances

Study Of Recombinant Protein Fractions From The Bombyx Mori And Pichia Pastoris Using "Native Page" Method, Abdurhakhmanov Aloliddin, Sasmakov Sobirdjan, Khasanov Shuhrat, Ashirov Оybek

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

We have studied the recombinant protein fractions of ̴ 24-34 kDa obtained from Bombyx mori - silkworm larvae and yeast Pichia pastoris. Fractions, containing the recombinant proteins by gel-electrophoresis using the “Native PAGE” method, which allows for differentiation of proteins according to their natural (surface) charge and conformational properties were studied. The results showed that the recombinant protein fraction from Bombyx mori (̴ 34 kDa) consisted of four components and fraction from Pichia pastoris (̴ 24 kDa) consisted one component. The most optimal conditions for the “Native PAGE”- the main gel: Tris HCl (pH-8.8) 244 mM, Bis-Acrylamide 10%, TEMED 0.08%, APS 0 ...


Biodistribution Of Degradable Polyanhydride Particles In Aedes Aegypti Tissues, Edmund J. Norris, Adam S. Mullis, Yashdeep Phanse, Balaji Narasimhan, Joel R. Coats, Lyric C. Bartholomay 2020 Iowa State University

Biodistribution Of Degradable Polyanhydride Particles In Aedes Aegypti Tissues, Edmund J. Norris, Adam S. Mullis, Yashdeep Phanse, Balaji Narasimhan, Joel R. Coats, Lyric C. Bartholomay

Entomology Publications

Insecticide resistance poses a significant threat to the control of arthropods that transmit disease agents. Nanoparticle carriers offer exciting opportunities to expand the armamentarium of insecticides available for public health and other pests. Most chemical insecticides are delivered by contact or feeding, and from there must penetrate various biological membranes to reach target organs and kill the pest organism. Nanoparticles have been shown to improve bioactive compound navigation of such barriers in vertebrates, but have not been well-explored in arthropods. In this study, we explored the potential of polyanhydride micro- and nanoparticles (250 nm– 3 μm), labeled with rhodamine B ...


Polyanhydride Nanoparticles Induce Low Inflammatory Dendritic Cell Activation Resulting In Cd8+ T Cell Memory And Delayed Tumor Progression, Ross Darling, Sujata Senapati, John Christiansen, Luman Liu, Amanda E. Ramer-Tait, Balaji Narasimhan, Michael J. Wannemeuhler 2020 Iowa State University

Polyanhydride Nanoparticles Induce Low Inflammatory Dendritic Cell Activation Resulting In Cd8+ T Cell Memory And Delayed Tumor Progression, Ross Darling, Sujata Senapati, John Christiansen, Luman Liu, Amanda E. Ramer-Tait, Balaji Narasimhan, Michael J. Wannemeuhler

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Introduction: Adjuvants and immunotherapies designed to activate adaptive immunity to eliminate infectious disease and tumors have become an area of interest aimed at providing a safe and effective strategy to prevent or eliminate disease. Existing approaches would benefit from the development of immunization regimens capable of inducing efficacious cell-mediated immunity directed toward CD8+ T cell-specific antigens. This goal is critically dependent upon appropriate activation of antigen-presenting cells (APCs) most notably dendritic cells (DCs). In this regard, polyanhydride particles have been shown to be effectively internalized by APCs and induce activation.
Methods: Here, a prophylactic vaccine regimen designed as a single-dose ...


Challenges To Levulinic Acid And Humins Valuation In The Sugarcane Bagasse Biorefinery Concept, Emília Savioli Lopes, Jean Felipe Leal Silva, Elmer Ccopa Rivera, Alana Petrina Gomes, Melina Savioli Lopes, Rubens Maciel Filho, Laura Plazas Tovar 2020 Universidade Estadual de Campinas

Challenges To Levulinic Acid And Humins Valuation In The Sugarcane Bagasse Biorefinery Concept, Emília Savioli Lopes, Jean Felipe Leal Silva, Elmer Ccopa Rivera, Alana Petrina Gomes, Melina Savioli Lopes, Rubens Maciel Filho, Laura Plazas Tovar

Faculty Publications

© 2020, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. Levulinic acid (LA) is currently one of the most promising chemicals derived from biomass. However, its large-scale production is hampered by the challenges in biomass hydrolysis and the poor selectivity due to the formation of humins (HUs). This study addresses these challenges using the biorefinery concept of biomass fractionation. A three-step process (pretreatment, delignification, and acid-catalyzed conversion) was optimized to produce LA from SCB considering the yield (YLA), efficiency (ELA), and concentration of LA (CLA) as functions of temperature, reaction time, acid concentration, and solids loading. By means of a ...


Sampling Performance Of Multiple Independent Molecular Dynamics Simulations Of An Rna Aptamer, Shuting Yan, Jason M. Peck, Muslum Ilgu, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, Monica H. Lamm 2020 Iowa State University

Sampling Performance Of Multiple Independent Molecular Dynamics Simulations Of An Rna Aptamer, Shuting Yan, Jason M. Peck, Muslum Ilgu, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, Monica H. Lamm

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Using multiple independent simulations instead of one long simulation has been shown to improve the sampling performance attained with the molecular dynamics (MD) simulation method. However, it is generally not known how long each independent simulation should be, how many independent simulations should be used, or to what extent either of these factors affects the overall sampling performance achieved for a given system. The goal of the present study was to assess the sampling performance of multiple independent MD simulations, where each independent simulation begins from a different initial molecular conformation. For this purpose, we used an RNA aptamer that ...


Sequence Control Of Complex Coacervation, Li-Wei Chang 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Sequence Control Of Complex Coacervation, Li-Wei Chang

Doctoral Dissertations

Complex coacervation is a liquid-liquid phase separation driven by the complexation of oppositely charged polyelectrolytes. The resulting coacervate phase has been used for many applications, such as underwater adhesives, drug delivery, food and personal care products. There also has been increasing interest in coacervate-like droplets occurring in biological systems. The majority of these “membraneless organelles” involve a combination of intrinsically-disordered proteins and RNA, and phase separate due to long-range charge effects and short-range hydrophobic effects. While evolution has optimized the self-assembly of these types of biological polymers, our ability to design such materials remains limited, in part because the relevant ...


Improved Fermentation Design And Screening Devices For Biobutanol Production, Garret Christopher Munch 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Improved Fermentation Design And Screening Devices For Biobutanol Production, Garret Christopher Munch

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

A worldwide increase in demand for renewable fuels has revived interest in fermentatively produced butanol. However, butanol fermentation suffers from low product yields and productivity. The work presented in this thesis addresses part of these research and development needs at three levels: innovative fermentation process design; genetic manipulation for strain enhancement; and the development of a new tool for anaerobic process characterization and optimization.

Product yield could be increased through traditional fermentation engineering. Co-fermentation of butyric acid with glycerol increased the butanol yield from 0.45 mol/mol (mols C in butanol / mol C in substrates) to 0.51 mol ...


Metabolic Engineering Of An Acid-Tolerant Yeast Strain Pichia Kudriavzevii For Itaconic Acid Production, Wan Sun, Ana Vila-Santa, Na Liu, Tanya Prozorov, Dongming Xie, Nuno Torres Faria, Frederico Castelo Ferreira, Nuno Pereira Mira, Zengyi Shao 2020 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Metabolic Engineering Of An Acid-Tolerant Yeast Strain Pichia Kudriavzevii For Itaconic Acid Production, Wan Sun, Ana Vila-Santa, Na Liu, Tanya Prozorov, Dongming Xie, Nuno Torres Faria, Frederico Castelo Ferreira, Nuno Pereira Mira, Zengyi Shao

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Itaconic acid (IA), or 2-methylenesuccinic acid, has a broad spectrum of applications in the biopolymer industry owing to the presence of one vinyl bond and two acid groups in the structure. Its polymerization can follow a similar mechanism as acrylic acid but additional functionality can be incorporated into the extra beta acid group. Currently, the bio-based production of IA in industry relies on the fermentation of the filamentous fungus Aspergillus terreus. However, the difficulties associated with the fermentation undertaken by filamentous fungi together with the pathogenic potential of A. terreus pose a serious challenge for industrial-scale production. In recent years ...


Prada: Portable Reusable Accurate Diagnostics With Nanostar Antennas For Multiplexed Biomarker Screening, Xiaona Wen, Yu-Chuan Ou, Holly F. Zarick, Xin Zhang, Anthony B. Hmelo, Quinton J. Victor, Eden P. Paul, Joseph M. Slocik, Rajesh R. Naik, Leon M. Bellan, Eugene C. Lin, Rizia Bardhan 2020 Vanderbilt University

Prada: Portable Reusable Accurate Diagnostics With Nanostar Antennas For Multiplexed Biomarker Screening, Xiaona Wen, Yu-Chuan Ou, Holly F. Zarick, Xin Zhang, Anthony B. Hmelo, Quinton J. Victor, Eden P. Paul, Joseph M. Slocik, Rajesh R. Naik, Leon M. Bellan, Eugene C. Lin, Rizia Bardhan

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Precise monitoring of specific biomarkers in biological fluids with accurate biodiagnostic sensors is critical for early diagnosis of diseases and subsequent treatment planning. In this work, we demonstrated an innovative biodiagnostic sensor, portable reusable accurate diagnostics with nanostar antennas (PRADA), for multiplexed biomarker detection in small volumes (~50 μl) enabled in a microfluidic platform. Here, PRADA simultaneously detected two biomarkers of myocardial infarction, cardiac troponin I (cTnI), which is well accepted for cardiac disorders, and neuropeptide Y (NPY), which controls cardiac sympathetic drive. In PRADA immunoassay, magnetic beads captured the biomarkers in human serum samples, and gold nanostars (GNSs) “antennas ...


Kinetic Insights Into The Lignocellulosic Biomass-Based Levulinic Acid Production By A Mechanistic Model, Emília Savioli Lopes, Elmer Ccopa Rivera, Julio César de Jesus Gariboti, Luis Henrique Zimmermann Feistel, João Vitor Dutra, Rubens Maciel Filho, Laura Plazas Tovar 2020 Universidade Estadual de Campinas

Kinetic Insights Into The Lignocellulosic Biomass-Based Levulinic Acid Production By A Mechanistic Model, Emília Savioli Lopes, Elmer Ccopa Rivera, Julio César De Jesus Gariboti, Luis Henrique Zimmermann Feistel, João Vitor Dutra, Rubens Maciel Filho, Laura Plazas Tovar

Faculty Publications

© 2020, Springer Nature B.V. Abstract: In this work, a mechanistic model was developed to simulate the kinetics of the production of levulinic acid (LA) from sugarcane bagasse (SCB), rice husk (RH) and soybean straw (SS). The production of LA from those agro-industrial wastes followed the methodology of biorefining in three stages. Experimental data from the third stage (catalytic depolymerization of cellulose) obtained under a wide range of operating conditions were used to estimate the parameters of the model. An optimization procedure based on a genetic algorithm was used to determine the optimal parameter values. The prediction of the concentrations ...


Solution To Exide Technologies Inbatec Inefficiency, Spencer Christian, Shixuan Hou, Mary Fairley, Reagan Gilker, Covenson Latouche 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Solution To Exide Technologies Inbatec Inefficiency, Spencer Christian, Shixuan Hou, Mary Fairley, Reagan Gilker, Covenson Latouche

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The inefficiency of the battery charging time in Inbatec Units 1 and 2 in the Exide Technologies Fort Smith was initially investigated by a student team in Fall 2019, and the investigation was continued into Spring 2020. The Exide Technologies facility in Fort Smith, Arkansas utilizes 13 Inbatec units to charge the lead-acid batteries. The Inbatec systems circulate the sulfuric acid solution through a cooling tower to maintain to optimal charging temperature. Previous analysis of the charging process for Inbatec Units 1 and 2 show the cooling tower have the capacity to quickly remove the excess heat in the sulfuric ...


Solution To Exide Technologies Inbatec Inefficiency, Shixuan Hou, Reagan Gilker, Mary Fairley, Spencer Christian, Covenson Latouche 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Solution To Exide Technologies Inbatec Inefficiency, Shixuan Hou, Reagan Gilker, Mary Fairley, Spencer Christian, Covenson Latouche

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The inefficiency of the battery charging time in Inbatec Units 1 and 2 in the Exide Technologies Fort Smith was initially investigated by a student team in Fall 2019, and the investigation was continued into Spring 2020. The Exide Technologies facility in Fort Smith, Arkansas utilizes 13 Inbatec units to charge the lead-acid batteries. The Inbatec systems circulate the sulfuric acid solution through a cooling tower to maintain to optimal charging temperature. Previous analysis of the charging process for Inbatec Units 1 and 2 show the cooling tower have the capacity to quickly remove the excess heat in the sulfuric ...


Lithium Recovery Process From Spent Batteries, Nicholas A. Ross, Lacey Roberts, Jordan Leith, Woodi Woodland 2020 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Lithium Recovery Process From Spent Batteries, Nicholas A. Ross, Lacey Roberts, Jordan Leith, Woodi Woodland

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Addition Of Fermentation Experiment To Unit Operations Laboratory, Jeremy T. Rone 2020 University of Louisville

Addition Of Fermentation Experiment To Unit Operations Laboratory, Jeremy T. Rone

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With the growth of the distillery and brewery industries and the potential jobs created for chemical engineers, it is imperative to equip the chemical engineering graduates from the University of Louisville with knowledge of bioreaction kinetics and experience in performing calculations to solve for concentration profiles and reaction rates. To accomplish this, it is recommended to add a fermentation experiment to the Unit Operations Laboratory II course.

Four groups of students from the Spring 2020 Unit Operations Laboratory II course performed the fermentation experiment. They were able to successfully complete all lab requirements as well as analyze the results and ...


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