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Model To Demonstrate Effects Of Mass Transfer And Applied Current In An Electrolytic Cell, George Ankrah 2024 Brigham Young University

Model To Demonstrate Effects Of Mass Transfer And Applied Current In An Electrolytic Cell, George Ankrah

Reviews, Analyses, and Instructional Studies in Electrochemistry (RAISE)

This study investigates the relationship between applied current and resulting cell potential in an electrolytic system, considering the transport of electroactive species. By applying Michael Faraday's laws of electrolysis and the Nernst-Planck equation, the behavior of electroactive species in diffusion-controlled systems with and without stirring is modeled. The plots demonstrate how stirring enhances ion transport and establishes a stable Nernst diffusion layer, affecting the kinetics of electrochemical reactions. Understanding these dynamics is crucial for optimizing electrolysis processes.


Computational Study Of Confined Cytoskeletal Assemblies: Simple Rules, Complex Behavior, Oghosa Honor Akenuwa 2024 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Computational Study Of Confined Cytoskeletal Assemblies: Simple Rules, Complex Behavior, Oghosa Honor Akenuwa

Doctoral Dissertations

The actin cytoskeleton is crucial for cellular processes and proper organization in cells. Physical regulators like actin crosslinking proteins, molecular motors, and physical confinement significantly impact the organization of the actin cytoskeleton. Despite advances, much remains unknown about how these physical regulators affect actin organization. In this thesis, we employ coarse-grained computer simulations to investigate the effect of physical regulators on the dynamics and organization of semiflexible actin filaments. First, we explore the role of crosslinker properties and confinement shape on actin organization by varying the system shape, the number and type of crosslinking proteins, and the length of filaments. …


Experimental Evaluation Of Mesh Size In Physically Crosslinked Polymer Gels Using Dynamic Light Scattering, Duncan M. Hill 2024 Bucknell University

Experimental Evaluation Of Mesh Size In Physically Crosslinked Polymer Gels Using Dynamic Light Scattering, Duncan M. Hill

Honors Theses

Block copolymer gels are under consideration as drug delivery patches. Controlling and modeling the transport inside the gel is an important contribution to the successful delivery of pharmaceuticals. The diffusive transport of a solute – such as a therapeutic compound – within the gel can be described by the mesh size of the gel, which is defined as the distance between polymer chains. Existing experimental evaluations of mesh size do not work for block copolymer gels due to differences in the fundamental gel structure. As such, an experimental method of measuring mesh size of block copolymer gels using dynamic light …


Computational Modeling Using A Novel Continuum Approach Coupled With Pathway-Informed Neural Networks To Optimize Dynein-Mediated Centrosome Positioning In Polarized Cells, Arkaprovo Ghosal, Padmanabhan Seshaiyar Dr., Adriana Dawes Dr., General Genomics Inc. 2023 George Mason University

Computational Modeling Using A Novel Continuum Approach Coupled With Pathway-Informed Neural Networks To Optimize Dynein-Mediated Centrosome Positioning In Polarized Cells, Arkaprovo Ghosal, Padmanabhan Seshaiyar Dr., Adriana Dawes Dr., General Genomics Inc.

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Experimental And Simulation Study Of Reactive Silver Ink Droplet Evaporation, Weipeng Zhang 2023 Western University

Experimental And Simulation Study Of Reactive Silver Ink Droplet Evaporation, Weipeng Zhang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The evaporation of particle-free silver ink droplets on heated substrates directly impacts the morphology of the resultant silver particles and films. In this thesis, COMSOL Multiphysics simulations of the solvent (water-ethylene glycol mixture) droplet evaporation process are used to explain the microflows, mass transfers, and heat distribution responsible for the experimental observations. The reactive ink incorporates fluoro-surfactant FS-31 and poly (acrylamide) (PAM) to suppress the coffee-ring effect that negatively impacts the electrical conductivity. Experiments show that the droplet evaporation process results in varied silver particle morphology, depending on the locations within the droplet, leading to uneven surfaces. Large particles (3 …


Measuring Of Thermal Conductivity And Heat Capacity Of Different Papers And Heat-Sealing Process Of Papers With A Polymer Layer, Amenah Khalaf 2023 University of Maine

Measuring Of Thermal Conductivity And Heat Capacity Of Different Papers And Heat-Sealing Process Of Papers With A Polymer Layer, Amenah Khalaf

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Packaging is an important and safe way to protect our food and other things through transportation, but the use of plastic based packaging is causing issues with plastic pollution. To replace plastic packaging with a paper-based option that has a barrier coating, good heat sealing will be needed to be a drop-in replacement. While much as been studied on the heat sealing of polymer layers, little has been reported around the heat sealing of paper that has a polymeric barrier coating.

Experiments were conducted to characterize the thermal conductivity and heat capacity of paper as a function of press pressure …


Development Of Novel Sensor Coating Methodology To Enable Understanding Of Fouling Mechanisms On Ion Exchange Membranes, Andrew Ulmer 2023 University of Mississippi

Development Of Novel Sensor Coating Methodology To Enable Understanding Of Fouling Mechanisms On Ion Exchange Membranes, Andrew Ulmer

Honors Theses

As populations expand and natural water resources are depleted, severe droughts and limited access to clean water have become an increased threat to areas across the world. Effective and economic water treatment methods such as electrodialysis (ED) are vital for combating these threats, especially in developing nations and secluded locations. Organic foulant adsorption on the surface of ion exchange membranes severely limits the capabilities of water desalination systems such as ED along with significantly increasing maintenance costs. Understanding characteristics such as the total amount and rate at which these foulants at specific concentrations adsorb and desorb to the membranes is …


Efficient Sintering Of Lunar Soil Using Concentrated Sunlight, Diprajit Biswas 2023 University of Maine

Efficient Sintering Of Lunar Soil Using Concentrated Sunlight, Diprajit Biswas

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Construction material is one crucial need for long-term habitation on the moon. When concentrated for high heat flux, solar radiation can heat lunar soil or regolith until it sinters at temperatures above 900°C. The solid, sintered soil simulant can be used as construction material. This work explores the conditions leading to effective lunar soil sintering for both direct and indirect irradiated sintering. Lunar soil simulants were sintered using concentrated light from a xenon-arc lamp with varying heat flux intensity. During direct sintering of LHS-1, a sintering range of 860°C-1140°C corresponding to a peak heat flux of 105-120 kW/m2 was identified …


The Influence Of Heat And Mass Transfer On The Setting Rate Of Adhesives Between Porous Substrates, Mubarak Mohammed Khlewee 2023 The University of Maine

The Influence Of Heat And Mass Transfer On The Setting Rate Of Adhesives Between Porous Substrates, Mubarak Mohammed Khlewee

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The dynamic penetration of fluid into a porous media where other changes are occurring such as temperature or concentration is of interest to a number of situations. However, little experimental and theoretical analysis of this situation is found in the literature where most of the previously published works have studied the penetration with constant physical properties, where there is no change of the fluid as it enters the pores. This situation is important in the setting of adhesives in porous medium such as in the setting of hot melt and water-based adhesives in the production of paper based packaging. The …


Separation Of Organic Acids Through Direct Catalysis From Sugars, Katelyn Robinson 2023 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Separation Of Organic Acids Through Direct Catalysis From Sugars, Katelyn Robinson

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Society relies on plastic products, whether they are single use or durable. A downside of plastic is that the most common type is a product of oil and oil is not only a limited resource but also a climate-damaging resource. Polylactic acid (PLA) is a bio-based, biodegradable plastic. However, the process of converting biomass to polylactic acid polymer has the largest environmental impact of the PLA production process, so alternative methods of conversion are needed (Moretti et al., 2021). The polylactic acid polymer can be made with lactic acid, which can be converted from glucose.


The Study Of Corrosion On Additive-Manufactured Metals., Braydan Daniels 2023 University of Louisville

The Study Of Corrosion On Additive-Manufactured Metals., Braydan Daniels

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the corrosion mechanisms between wrought and additive-manufactured (3D-printed) copper and stainless steel. The experimental procedure consisted of measuring the open circuit potential, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, linear sweep voltammetry, Tafel analysis, surface topology, and scanning electron microscopy for each metal within salt water, tap water, sulfuric acid, and synthetic body fluid (excluding copper in synthetic body fluid).

Overall, printed stainless steel was more corrosion-resistant than wrought stainless steel in tap water and synthetic body fluid based on OCP, LSV, and surface topology results. Additionally, printed copper was more corrosion-resistant than wrought …


Heat Transfer From Plates, Leanza Trevino 2023 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Heat Transfer From Plates, Leanza Trevino

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The purpose of this honors thesis is to create an experiment for the CHEG Lab I course. This is a continuation of work done by Alexa Moreno. She created an experiment to model free convection of a horizontal plate. In this report, free and forced convection of a vertical and horizontal plate, respectively are modeled. This report explains the motivation for creating this heat convection experiment, the results of performing the experiment, and provides recommendations for future work on this experiment. Lab handouts are included in the Appendix.


Measuring Plume Concentration Variations Under Neutral Atmospheric Conditions, Daniel Williams 2023 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Measuring Plume Concentration Variations Under Neutral Atmospheric Conditions, Daniel Williams

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Hazardous gases are increasingly becoming a large safety concern as the world continues to grow and industrialize. The modeling of when hazardous gases breach containment is an extremely important objective of consequence assessment planning and response. To improve the understanding of the variability inherent in passive gas releases, a test program to demonstrate the variability of gas concentration measurements at different location in a passive gas plume released from an area source in the ultra-low speed wind tunnel at the Chemical Hazards Research Center. A Flame Ionization Detector was used to measure the concentration of the source cloud. Methane was …


Characterizing And Quantifying Shear-Induced Hemolysis In A Hollow Fiber Membrane System, Siddhi Bhat 2023 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Characterizing And Quantifying Shear-Induced Hemolysis In A Hollow Fiber Membrane System, Siddhi Bhat

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Clinical studies have shown that patients undergoing renal replacement therapy are more susceptible to developing hemolysis, or the rupturing of red blood cells. Rapid hemolysis can cause symptoms such as anorexia, vomiting, and even death in severe cases. The aim of this study is to identify how shear stress within a hollow fiber membrane impacts the level of hemolysis that occurs. This allows for the optimization of the ultrafiltration membranes that are typically used for hemofiltration treatments. The variables being studied are the radii of hollow fibers, number of fibers, and volumetric flow rate of blood being circulated. Here, we …


Utilization Of Electrodeionization To Separate And Concentrate Cellobionic And Gluconic Acid, Andie Veeder 2023 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Utilization Of Electrodeionization To Separate And Concentrate Cellobionic And Gluconic Acid, Andie Veeder

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Biofuel production is currently an expensive and inefficient process with many drawbacks. It is water and land intensive, competes with food production, and requires large energy inputs decreasing its relative sustainability. This paper explores the use of electrodeionization (EDI) to improve the biofuel process by separating and concentrating large, organic sugar acids that are important materials for the production of bioethanol. An EDI device was assembled for the purpose of separating and concentrating gluconic, cellobionic and lactobionic acid. Several trials were conducted and samples were analyzed to determine the success of this experiment. The results for the separation and concentration …


Elucidating The Mechanical And Transport Properties Of Lignin-Based Hydrogel Composites, Nicholas Gregorich 2023 Clemson University

Elucidating The Mechanical And Transport Properties Of Lignin-Based Hydrogel Composites, Nicholas Gregorich

All Dissertations

The use of lignin in the fabrication of soft composites has become an emerging area of research in polymer science and polymer chemistry. These lignin-based materials present numerous benefits, notably, a reduction in the use of petroleum-based precursor, improved structural benefits to otherwise soft host polymers, as well as the inherent antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of lignin, making it suitable for biomaterials. Herein, we present two chemical reaction pathways of incorporating lignin that was fractionated and cleaned using the Aqueous Lignin Purification with Hot Agents (ALPHA) process into poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) hydrogel composites for aqueous-based separations. By leveraging the ALPHA …


Removal Of Hexavalent Chromium From Water By Chitosan-Enhanced Ultrafiltration, Putu A. Y. Indiasih, Anindita D. Syaifudin, Nurul Faiqotul Himma, Bambang Ismuyanto 2023 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang 65145, Indonesia

Removal Of Hexavalent Chromium From Water By Chitosan-Enhanced Ultrafiltration, Putu A. Y. Indiasih, Anindita D. Syaifudin, Nurul Faiqotul Himma, Bambang Ismuyanto

Makara Journal of Technology

Polymer-enhanced ultrafiltration has gained increasing attention as a selective separation process to remove small solutes, such as metal ions, from water or wastewater. Hexavalent chromium Cr(VI) is one of the metal ions in wastewater that has received considerable attention because of its toxicity. Chitosan was used in this study as the polymer to bind Cr(VI) to enhance its removal by ultrafiltration. The effects of chitosan-to-Cr(VI) ratio on Cr(VI) rejection and permeate flux were investigated. In addition, the fouling tendency was evaluated. Results showed that the addition of chitosan with a mass ratio of 12.5 increased the Cr (VI) rejection from …


Application Of Pinch Analysis For Energy Saving And Reducing Gas Emissions Based On Mathematical Model In The Hydrocracking Unit, Badiea S. Babaqi 2023 Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Hadhramout University

Application Of Pinch Analysis For Energy Saving And Reducing Gas Emissions Based On Mathematical Model In The Hydrocracking Unit, Badiea S. Babaqi

Hadhramout University Journal of Natural & Applied Sciences

Pinch analysis approach of the heat exchanger network in the hydrocracking unit was carried out to save the energy consumption and reduce the gas emissions simultaneously. This method based on mathematical model of the hydrocracking unit for a heat exchanger network using LINGO program to achieve the minimization of environmental impacts and the reduction of energy cost. The presented energy demands for the heat exchanger network are 20.38 MMBtu/hr and 26.52 MMBtu/hr for heating and cooling loads, respectively. The current analysis shows a huge opportunity in order to decrease energy consumption of the hydrocracking process at a minimum temperature difference …


Using Computational Fluid Dynamics And Optical Sensor Technology To Scale Cell Culture Platforms, Mandar Makwana 2023 Claremont Colleges

Using Computational Fluid Dynamics And Optical Sensor Technology To Scale Cell Culture Platforms, Mandar Makwana

KGI Theses and Dissertations

Different cell culture vessels ranging from micro scale to laboratory scale to commercial scale play critical role in upstream process development for biologics manufacturing. Based on the mode of operation, cell culture vessels have different hydrodynamic environments, making it challenging to scale. Integrated approaches using computational tools supported by experimental studies can overcome these challenges. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is one such tool that can simulate hydrodynamics within the cell culture vessels and can provide insights at macro and micro-scale. Accuracy of a CFD model significantly depends on the fluid model and assumptions. Traditionally, simple two-equation fluid models were developed …


Diseño Conceptual De La Recuperación De Galactooligosacáridos (Gos) De Hidrolizados Enzimáticos Por Adsorción Con Carbón Activado, Juan Sebastián Delgado Burgos, Julián Felipe Duque Romero 2023 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Diseño Conceptual De La Recuperación De Galactooligosacáridos (Gos) De Hidrolizados Enzimáticos Por Adsorción Con Carbón Activado, Juan Sebastián Delgado Burgos, Julián Felipe Duque Romero

Ingeniería de Alimentos

Los galactooligosacáridos (GOS) son un tipo de oligosacáridos prebióticos compuestos por unidades de galactosa y glucosa, que tienen propiedades benéficas para la salud intestinal y usualmente son utilizados en la formulación de alimentos funcionales. Estos compuestos se obtienen por medio de la transgalactosilación de lactosa presente en el lactosuero (un subproducto de la industria láctea que representa una problemática ambiental) que resulta en una mezcla de GOS con otros carbohidratos residuales que reducen su pureza, sus propiedades funcionales y su valor económico. En la actualidad, la separación de GOS mediante procesos de adsorción con carbón activado es uno de los …


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