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Bimetallic Catalyst For Lignin Depolymerization, Qishen Lyu 2021 Washington University in St. Louis

Bimetallic Catalyst For Lignin Depolymerization, Qishen Lyu

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

This thesis is motivated by concerns regarding the need to develop more sustainable and economic technologies to meet rising global manufacturing and energy demands. These concerns have renewed governmental, industrial, and societal determination to reduce the world’s dependence on conventional natural resources and has led to considerable research on producing fuels and chemicals from feedstocks other than petroleum. Lignocellulosic biomass represents an abundant and renewable resource that could displace petroleum feedstock producing biofuels and multiple valuable chemical products with reduced greenhouse gas emissions. Lignin is the second abundant biopolymer source in nature and is found almost everywhere. Since the ...


Exploration Of The Sludge Biodiesel Pathway, Zachary Christman 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Exploration Of The Sludge Biodiesel Pathway, Zachary Christman

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

Wastewater sludge is an overlooked source of fat, oil, and grease (FOG) that could be converted into biodiesel. The United States produces about 8 million tons of sludge per year. The disposal cost for this amount of sludge is about 2 billion dollars. The widespread availability and low cost of sludge compared to other biodiesel raw materials make it an economical choice for a renewable fuel. Using sludge as a raw material can produce 25 to 30 mg per gram of fatty acid methyl ester (FAME); the main component of biodiesel. Sludge biodiesel has the potential of transforming a portion ...


Garver Industrial Design Project: Designing A Full-Scale Reverse Osmosis Water Treatment Facility For The City Of Lawton, Oklahoma, Kayliana Warden, Marlando Collins, Sandrina DePaz, Reid Eakin, Reed Leasure, Vera Rodriguez 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Garver Industrial Design Project: Designing A Full-Scale Reverse Osmosis Water Treatment Facility For The City Of Lawton, Oklahoma, Kayliana Warden, Marlando Collins, Sandrina Depaz, Reid Eakin, Reed Leasure, Vera Rodriguez

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

A groundwater treatment facility was designed for Lawton, Oklahoma to address potential water scarcity due to drought conditions in southwest Oklahoma. The facility will produce five million gallons per day (MGD) of treated water. The plant will have the capacity of treating 4,085 gallons per minute of influent water at an 86% recovery. The water to be treated will come from the Arbuckle-Timbered Hills Aquifer. Studies have been conducted around the aquifer to identify the best well site locations.

A centralized treatment facility using reverse osmosis filtration as the main treatment technology has been designed. To prevent reverse osmosis ...


Economic Feasibility Of Mixed Plastic Waste Pyrolysis Using Twin Reactor System In Northwest Arkansas, Carol Rogers, Patricia Means, Renato Gonzalez, Kaida Sheets, Hayden Townsend 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Economic Feasibility Of Mixed Plastic Waste Pyrolysis Using Twin Reactor System In Northwest Arkansas, Carol Rogers, Patricia Means, Renato Gonzalez, Kaida Sheets, Hayden Townsend

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Plastic waste generation is increasing at an unsustainable rate while recycling solutions remain stagnant. As a chemical means of recycling, mixed plastic waste pyrolysis can generate synthetic oil appropriate for use as fuel in power generation from plastic waste that otherwise accumulates in landfills. With the scaling of a commercial plastic pyrolysis process in Northwest Arkansas (NWA) modeled after an operational sawdust pyrolysis unit in Huntsville, Arkansas, economic analysis resulted in 26.3% internal rate of return. Therefore, construction of a commercial mixed plastic-to-fuel pyrolysis plant is economically justified and should be pursued. To effectively implement the proposed design, NWA ...


Design And Analysis Of A Process To Convert Methanol Into Dimethyl Ether, Elisa M. White 2021 University of Mississippi

Design And Analysis Of A Process To Convert Methanol Into Dimethyl Ether, Elisa M. White

Honors Theses

A recent economic downturn led to the loss of a contract for a company that sells methanol. The company has two options to recover some of the profit lost from the contract termination. One option is to sell the excess methanol at the spot market price, and the second option is to implement a process to convert the excess methanol into dimethyl ether. This project investigated the implementation of a process to convert the methanol from the lost contract into dimethyl ether. The process was simulated in AVEVA Process Simulation to estimate the size of equipment needed. A toller provided ...


Ethylbenzene Production Case Study And Optimization, Brandon Borek 2021 University of Mississippi

Ethylbenzene Production Case Study And Optimization, Brandon Borek

Honors Theses

The objective of this project was to investigate the process of producing ethylbenzene from the liquid-phase reaction of ethylene and benzene and perform parametric and topological optimizations to increase the net present value of the production facility. To do so, the base case conditions of the process were modeled and quantified economically followed by an investigation into the existing process to determine conditions that could be altered to improve the economic viability of the project. After optimizing the parametric conditions and topology of the process, the net present value of the project was increased by 305 million dollars to 191 ...


Design, Analysis, And Optimization Of A Process To Produce Dimethyl Ether From Methanol, Thomas Mathwig 2021 University of Mississippi

Design, Analysis, And Optimization Of A Process To Produce Dimethyl Ether From Methanol, Thomas Mathwig

Honors Theses

The company that the engineering team works for is facing a contract loss with one of its customers of methanol. To avoid economic losses, a process has been proposed for converting the unused methanol to dimethyl ether (DME) through a dehydration reaction. After a preliminary simulation of the base case and optimization of the distillation column, an Equivalent Annual Operating Cost (EAOC) of $140,000 was calculated for the column. The EAOC was the sum of the annualized capital investment and the annual operating cost. Determining the process to be worth pursuing, a Toller was brought in to provide rental ...


Sorption-Spectrometric Determination Of Nickel By Monoammonium Salt Of Glycirrizic Acid, Ugilay ABDURAKHMANOVA, Khabibjon KUSHIEV 2021 Gulistan state university, Gulistan, Uzbekistan

Sorption-Spectrometric Determination Of Nickel By Monoammonium Salt Of Glycirrizic Acid, Ugilay Abdurakhmanova, Khabibjon Kushiev

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of this work is to develop a sensitive, selective and rapid method for the determination of nickel ions using the monoammonium salt of glycyrrhizic acid as an analytical reagent. There obtained IR spectra of the nickel diglycyrrhizinate complex. A simple and express spectral method for determination of the nickel ion is presented. The optimal conditions for the determination of the nickel ion are found. Under optimal conditions, a gradual graph was drawn up, which is linear in the concentration range for nickel of 20.0–40.0 μg/25 ml, the composition of the complex of nickel with ...


The Role Of The 2,7-Dinitroso-1,8-Dihydroxynaphthalene-3,6-Disulfonic Acid Reagent In Determining The Thorium Ion (Iv), Nigora QUTLIMUROTOVA, Salohiddin MAHMADOLIYEV, Khabibullo TODJIMUKHAMEDOV 2021 Natiоnal University оf Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

The Role Of The 2,7-Dinitroso-1,8-Dihydroxynaphthalene-3,6-Disulfonic Acid Reagent In Determining The Thorium Ion (Iv), Nigora Qutlimurotova, Salohiddin Mahmadoliyev, Khabibullo Todjimukhamedov

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim is to develop a method for the amperometric determination of thorium (IV) ion with 2,7-dinitroso-1,8-dihydroxynaphthalene-3,6-disulfoxyl reagent. Methods of amperometric determination of thorium by solution of 2,7-dinitrozo-1,8-dihydroxynaphthalene-3,6-disulfonic acid on different acid-base properties of background electrolytes and buffer mixtures are considered. The half-wave potential of new reagent was found by logarithmic analysis equal 0.72 V at pH 2.82, which once again indicates on the irreversibility of the process of electrooxidation of the studied organic reagent in used acid-base medias. The conditions for amperometric titration of thorium are optimized, and the influence of ...


A Multifunctional Treatment Process For Combined Sewer Overflow Pollutants And Nutrient Control, Tiziana Venditto 2021 The University of Western Ontario

A Multifunctional Treatment Process For Combined Sewer Overflow Pollutants And Nutrient Control, Tiziana Venditto

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Combined sewer overflows (CSOs) contain a highly variable, wide range of contaminants, both in particulate and soluble form, making conventional water treatment processes unable to offer adequate public health protection. To date, no study proposed an efficient and cost-competitive treatment able to remove a broad spectrum of CSO pollutants. This research demonstrated that a chemical pre-treatment, followed by micro-sieve filtration and UV disinfection is an efficient and cost-competitive treatment for CSOs. Pollutant removal was achieved by first adsorbing soluble pollutants on zeolite and powdered activated carbon, and subsequently applying filtration carried out by polymer-enhanced microsieving. Optimal treatment condition, consisting of ...


Using Ionic Liquids In Fabrication Of Vo2 For Thermochromic Coatings, Shidokht Nazari 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Using Ionic Liquids In Fabrication Of Vo2 For Thermochromic Coatings, Shidokht Nazari

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Energy-efficient or smart windows are an important part of net zero energy housing as excellent candidates for energy conservation. They can control the amount of light and heat passing through them in response to an external stimulus such as heat (thermochromic) or electricity (electrochromic). Vanadium Oxide (VO2) is a potential thermochromic material to provide an automatic reversible semiconductor-metal phase transition from the monoclinic structure to tetragonal at 68 °C. However, there remain major challenges in fabricating desirable VO2-based films to meet the requirements for large-scale implementation. Mainly, the phase transition temperature (Tc) should be close to ...


Probing The Role Of Silicates For Corrosion Control In Lead Plumbing, Hailey Holmes 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Probing The Role Of Silicates For Corrosion Control In Lead Plumbing, Hailey Holmes

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Lead service lines and fittings were installed in Canada's drinking water networks until 1986 and currently pose severe health risks. As pipes corrode over decades of use, lead is released into drinking water resulting in dangerous exposure to elevated lead levels. Sodium silicates can be used for corrosion control of lead, however a basic understanding of how they work is lacking. This thesis describes the results of experiments conducted to determine how silicates interact with lead and aluminum in drinking water, using microscopic and spectroscopic techniques. The results show the presence of silicates inhibited Pb2+ carbonates from oxidizing ...


Relating Modified Ergun's Equation To Hindered Settling Correlations, Ryan Zahniser 2021 The University of Akron

Relating Modified Ergun's Equation To Hindered Settling Correlations, Ryan Zahniser

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Correlations were developed between the Modified Ergun’s and Hindered settling correlations under the condition of dense packing of particles in the bed. As the porosity of the slurry increases, so does the interference between particles in the solution which mimics the behavior of a packed or densely concentrated fluidized bed. The similarity between the two sets of conditions was modeled using mathematical equations to calculate settling velocities and pressure drops by means of the Hindered Settling correlations and Modified Ergun’s equation at porosities ranging from 0.4242 to 0.89. The results showed that a porosity of 0 ...


Multimodel Operability Framework For Design Of Modular And Intensified Energy Systems, Vitor Gazzaneo 2021 West Virginia University

Multimodel Operability Framework For Design Of Modular And Intensified Energy Systems, Vitor Gazzaneo

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

In this dissertation, a novel operability framework is introduced for the process design of modular and intensified energy systems that are challenged by complexity and highly constrained environments. Previously developed process operability approaches are reviewed and further developed in terms of theory, application, and software infrastructure. An optimization-based multilayer operability framework is introduced for process design of nonlinear energy systems. In the first layer of this framework, a mixed-integer linear programming (MILP)-based iterative algorithm considers the minimization of footprint and achievement of process intensification targets. Then, in the second layer, an operability analysis is performed to incorporate key features ...


Increasing The Corrosion Protection Of Aisi 1008 Carbon Steel By Surface Treatment With Unmodified And Benzotriazole Modified Sol-Gel Films, Shane Thomas Kelliher 2021 The University of Akron

Increasing The Corrosion Protection Of Aisi 1008 Carbon Steel By Surface Treatment With Unmodified And Benzotriazole Modified Sol-Gel Films, Shane Thomas Kelliher

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The corrosion performance of sol-gel coated AISI 1008 carbon steel was investigated in 3.5 wt% NaCl solutions of pH 7, 9, and 12 using electrochemical measurements. A corrosion inhibitor, benzotriazole (BTA) was added to the sol-gel mixture and tested as a second, modified sol-gel coating. Sol-gel films adhered evenly to metal samples and were characterized by FTIR spectroscopy. Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) showed an increase in polarization resistance from blank to sol-gel coated samples (600-18,800,000 ohms). Cyclic polarization (CPP) curves showed positive hysteresis loops for blank and unmodified sol-gel coated samples which increased at high pH following ...


Preparation And Characterization Of Reactive Composites Combining Boron With Mixed Oxides, Purvam Mehulkumar Gandhi 2020 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Preparation And Characterization Of Reactive Composites Combining Boron With Mixed Oxides, Purvam Mehulkumar Gandhi

Theses

Thirteen liquids have been explored as Process Control Agents (PCAs) for high-energy mechanical milling of two metal oxide powders, CuO and Bi2O3, with the practical purpose to reduce the sizes of powder particles and refine their crystal structure. Multiple liquid properties have been considered to analyze their effect on evolution of both particle and crystallite sizes during milling for each oxide. Experimental data were analyzed using the δ-AICc (Akaike Information criterion) correlation function applied to linear relations between liquid properties and powder characteristics. Multiple linear correlation models were ranked based on the highest log-likelihood and the lowest ...


Waste Engine Oil Regeneration With Bentonite From The Navbahor Deposit, AZIMOVA Shodiyakhon, ARSLANOV Sharafutdin, TURAKHUJAYEV Saidakbar, AZIMOV Dilmurod 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technological institute

Waste Engine Oil Regeneration With Bentonite From The Navbahor Deposit, Azimova Shodiyakhon, Arslanov Sharafutdin, Turakhujayev Saidakbar, Azimov Dilmurod

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of the study was the regeneration of used oils. The change in the conditions for the regeneration of used engine oil as a result of adsorptive cleaning with alkaline earth clay from the Navbakhor deposit has been studied. The carried-out regeneration allows almost completely removing mechanical impurities, moisture from the waste oil and helps to clarify it. The optimal conditions for regeneration have been established. The removal of secondary products formed during the use of engine oil while retaining the main components that determine the serviceability of the product has been established. By means of IR spectroscopy, as ...


Clearance Of Solid Household Waste With The Reception Of Alternative Types Of Energy Carriers, Rakhmatullayev F, Turabdhanov S 2020 TSTU

Clearance Of Solid Household Waste With The Reception Of Alternative Types Of Energy Carriers, Rakhmatullayev F, Turabdhanov S

Technical science and innovation

The research is devoted to improving the technology of obtaining alternative types of energy carriers by applying methods of pyrolysis of unclaimed types of solid domestic wastes of biological origin, which also allow solving the tasks of improving the ecological situation in the places of formation. The practical value and relevance of this research lies in the development of advanced technology for obtaining alternative fuels. The proposed pyrolysis unit allows producing gaseous and liquid hydrocarbons in a continuous cycle. In the atmosphere of the gasifying agent (air, oxygen, water vapor, carbon dioxide or their mixture), the gasification process is primarily ...


Numerical Study Of The Effect Of Gas Distributors And Baffles On The Bubble Distribution, Gas And Solid Mixing In A Fluidized Bed, Xuelian Xing 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Numerical Study Of The Effect Of Gas Distributors And Baffles On The Bubble Distribution, Gas And Solid Mixing In A Fluidized Bed, Xuelian Xing

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this study, the multi-phase Eulerian-Eulerian two-fluid method (TFM) coupled with the kinetic theory of granular flow (KTFG) was used to investigate hydrodynamics of particle flows (Geldart Group B) in a lab-scale fluidized bed Geldart Group B particles, operating in bubbling and turbulent regimes. The effect of gas distributors and baffles on the distribution of the gas bubbles, and the mixing of gas and solids were investigated under various superficial gas velocities.

The numerical model is validated by experimental results from two different measurement methods with various gas distributor configurations and a superficial gas velocity ranging from 0.4 m ...


Resource-Saving Technologies For The Production Of Elastic Leather Materials: Collective Monograph, Olena Korotych, Anatolii Danylkovych, Serhii Bilinskyi, Serhii Bondarenko, Slava Branovitska, Vasyl Chervinskyi, Nataliia Khliebnikova, Alona Kudzieva, Viktor Lishchuk, Nataliia Lysenko, Olena Mokrousova, Nataliia Omelchenko, Vera Palamar, Yuliia Potakh, Oksana Romanyuk, Olga Sanginova, Oleksandr Zhyhotsky 2020 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Resource-Saving Technologies For The Production Of Elastic Leather Materials: Collective Monograph, Olena Korotych, Anatolii Danylkovych, Serhii Bilinskyi, Serhii Bondarenko, Slava Branovitska, Vasyl Chervinskyi, Nataliia Khliebnikova, Alona Kudzieva, Viktor Lishchuk, Nataliia Lysenko, Olena Mokrousova, Nataliia Omelchenko, Vera Palamar, Yuliia Potakh, Oksana Romanyuk, Olga Sanginova, Oleksandr Zhyhotsky

Chemistry Publications and Other Works

This monograph contains a collection of recent research papers focusing on advancing existing technologies and developing new technologies to improve the environmentally friendliness and save resources during the production of elastic leather materials. The papers are organized based on the type of technological process used to preserve raw hides. A lot of attention is devoted to mathematical planning, simulations, and multicriteria optimization of the technological processes using newly developed chemical reagents. The monograph contains a complex study of physicochemical properties and characteristics of the resulting leather materials. The developed technologies were tested by the private joint-stock company Chinbar (Kyiv, Ukraine ...


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